CN110479418A - A kind of construction waste processing unit and method - Google Patents

A kind of construction waste processing unit and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110479418A
CN110479418A CN201910704841.3A CN201910704841A CN110479418A CN 110479418 A CN110479418 A CN 110479418A CN 201910704841 A CN201910704841 A CN 201910704841A CN 110479418 A CN110479418 A CN 110479418A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
construction waste
reject chute
treatment box
plate
sieve plate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910704841.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王红霞
张彬源
孙云波
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Zhengzhou Technical College
Original Assignee
Zhengzhou Technical College
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhengzhou Technical College filed Critical Zhengzhou Technical College
Priority to CN201910704841.3A priority Critical patent/CN110479418A/en
Publication of CN110479418A publication Critical patent/CN110479418A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/10Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator arranged in discharge path of crushing or disintegrating zone
    • B02C23/12Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator arranged in discharge path of crushing or disintegrating zone with return of oversize material to crushing or disintegrating zone
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/14Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with more than one separator
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • B02C4/08Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers with co-operating corrugated or toothed crushing-rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of construction waste processing units, including treatment box, crushing mechanism is equipped in crusher chamber, it screens intracavitary equipped with sorting mechanism, the left side wall of reject chute is equipped with feeding port, and the first conveyer belt is connected between feeding port and feed inlet, and the left side wall for the treatment of box is equipped with discharge gate, it is connected with the second conveyer belt between feedback outlet and rewinding mouth, the feeding mechanism for the construction waste in reject chute to be sent into feeding port is additionally provided in reject chute;Construction waste of the invention is after crushing mechanism is smashed, it is intracavitary that screening is fallen to downwards, the biggish underproof construction waste of particle is screened mechanism obstruction, and it is screened mechanism and is transferred on the second conveyer belt by feedback outlet, and it is come back in reject chute by rewinding mouth, and wait and being smashed again into crusher chamber next time, construction waste good crushing effect, construction waste crushes more thorough.

Description

A kind of construction waste processing unit and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to construction waste processing technology fields, and in particular to one kind builds waste treatment device and method.
Background technique
Currently, many waste materials can be generated in building construction process, in order to reduce the waste of resource, need to the part Waste material carries out crushing recovery processing.However, the existing device crushed to waste material can not effectively crush waste material, what waste material crushed It is not thorough, crushing effect is undesirable, influences the subsequent processing of construction waste.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by the invention is to provide a kind of construction waste processing unit and method, construction waste is crushed Effect is good, and construction waste crushing is more thorough, to solve the problems in background technique.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical scheme is that a kind of construction waste processing unit, including processing Case, the treatment box is interior to be equipped with partition, and the inner cavity of the treatment box is divided into positioned at the separation by the partition The crusher chamber of the top of mechanism and screening chamber positioned at the lower section of the partition;Crushing mechanism is equipped in the crusher chamber, The screening is intracavitary to be equipped with sorting mechanism;It further include the reject chute positioned at the right side of the treatment box, the left side of the reject chute Wall is equipped with feeding port, and the right side wall of the treatment box is equipped with the feed inlet being connected with the crusher chamber, the feeding port and institute It states and is connected with the first conveyer belt between feed inlet;The left side wall of the treatment box is equipped with the discharge being connected with the screening chamber Mouthful, the right side wall of the treatment box is additionally provided with the feedback outlet being connected with the screening chamber, and the left side wall of the reject chute is equipped with Rewinding mouth positioned at the lower section of the feeding port is connected with the second conveyer belt between the feedback outlet and the rewinding mouth;It is described The feeding mechanism for the construction waste in the reject chute to be sent into the feeding port is additionally provided in reject chute.
The partition include rotate relatively two on the left side wall and right side wall that are mounted on the treatment box every The axis front and back of plate, the partition rotation extends, and drive is hinged between the downside of the partition and the inner wall of the treatment box The electric pushrod of two partition closure or openness.
The crushing mechanism includes two broken shafts that front and back is oppositely arranged, and axis of the broken shaft or so extends, institute It states broken shaft to be rotatably installed in the crusher chamber by the installation axle of end, the feed inlet is located at two broken shafts Top;Multiple broken columns extended along its diameter, the broken column on two broken shafts are fixedly installed on the broken shaft Left and right is staggered;The installation axle of described broken shaft one end extends to the outside of the treatment box and is fixedly installed with gear, and two Gear intermeshing in a installation axle;The first belt pulley is also fixedly installed in one of them described installation axle, it is described It is fixedly installed with the first driving motor on treatment box, is fixedly installed with the second belt on the transfer axis of first driving motor Wheel, is connected with transmission belt between first belt pulley and second belt pulley.
The sorting mechanism includes the sieve plate intracavitary positioned at the screening, and the sieve plate is equipped with multiple transparent sieves Hole;The right end of the sieve plate is rotatably installed on the right side wall of the treatment box, is extended before and after the axis of the sieve plate rotation;Institute It states and is fixedly installed with the second driving motor on the left for the treatment of box, the rotation axis of second driving motor extends right up to the sieve It selects intracavitary and is fixedly installed with eccentric wheel, the eccentric wheel is supported in the lower section of the left end of the sieve plate, the height of the eccentric wheel Degree is higher than the right end of the sieve plate;The inside of the left side wall of the treatment box is also fixedly installed with accessory plate, the accessory plate Spring is equipped between downside and the sieve plate;The bottom of the feedback outlet is connected with the right end of the sieve plate, the discharge gate Positioned at the lower section of the sieve plate.
First conveyer belt and second transmission belt include front and back be relatively fixedly mounted on the treatment box and Two baffles between the reject chute, there are two parallel support shaft, the supports for rotational installation between two baffles Extend before and after the axis of axis, band body is connected between two support shafts, driving wherein one is fixedly installed on the baffle The third driving motor of a support shaft rotation.
The feeding mechanism includes the up and down splicing plate being mounted in the reject chute, and the splicing plate gives up with described Hydraulic cylinder is fixedly installed between the bottom of hopper;Two or so extensions are relatively provided on the front-rear side walls of the reject chute Slideway, is slidably fitted with push plate between two slideways, and the bottom of the lower end surface of the push plate and the feeding port is located at same One plane;The stud that left and right extends is equipped in the slideway, the stud is rotatably installed in the slideway by the polished rod of end Interior, the rear and front end of the push plate is screwed respectively on the corresponding stud;There are two being also fixedly mounted on the reject chute The 4th driving motor corresponding with the stud, the polished rod of described stud one end are fixedly connected on corresponding 4th driving In the rotation axis of motor;The inside of the right side wall of the reject chute is equipped with the accommodating groove to match with the push plate.
The bottom of the treatment box is equipped with inclined-plane, and the lowest part on the inclined-plane is connected with the bottom of the discharge gate, described The outside of discharge gate is equipped with splicing groove.
A kind of construction waste processing method using the construction waste processing unit, method includes the following steps:
Construction waste is collected in the reject chute by S1;
Construction waste in the reject chute is delivered in the crusher chamber and carries out break process by S2;
S3, by S2 obtain construction waste be delivered to it is described screening it is intracavitary screen, through the sorting mechanism screen close The construction waste of lattice carries out S4 step;Underproof construction waste, which is screened, through the sorting mechanism is delivered to the waste material again In slot, and repeat S2;
S4 is discharged through the qualified construction waste of sorting mechanism screening from discharge gate.
By adopting the above-described technical solution, a kind of construction waste processing unit, including treatment box, the partition will The inner cavity of the treatment box is divided into crusher chamber and screening chamber, and crushing mechanism is equipped in the crusher chamber, and the screening is intracavitary to be set There is sorting mechanism, the left side wall of the reject chute is equipped with feeding port, and the right side wall of the treatment box is equipped with feed inlet, the feeding The first conveyer belt is connected between mouth and the feed inlet, the left side wall of the treatment box is equipped with discharge gate, the treatment box Right side wall is additionally provided with feedback outlet, and the left side wall of the reject chute is equipped with rewinding mouth, connects between the feedback outlet and the rewinding mouth It is connected to the second conveyer belt, is additionally provided in the reject chute for the construction waste in the reject chute to be sent into the feeding port Feeding mechanism;Construction waste in reject chute is transferred on the first transmission belt by the present invention by feeding mechanism by feeding port, And entered in crusher chamber by feed inlet, crushing mechanism can smash the construction waste of bulk, and construction waste is beaten through crushing mechanism After broken, partition is opened, it is broken after construction waste fall to that screening is intracavitary downwards, it is broken after particle lesser build Sorting mechanism can be passed through and be discharged from discharge gate by building waste material, and the biggish underproof construction waste of particle is screened mechanism resistance It blocks, and is screened mechanism and is transferred on the second conveyer belt by feedback outlet, and come back in reject chute by rewinding mouth, and wait It is smashed again to enter crusher chamber next time, construction waste good crushing effect, construction waste crushes more thorough.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to more clearly explain the embodiment of the invention or the technical proposal in the existing technology, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technical description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only this Some embodiments of invention without any creative labor, may be used also for those of ordinary skill in the art To obtain other drawings based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic top plan view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of gear;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of eccentric wheel;
Fig. 5 is structural schematic diagram of the push plate to feeding port when mobile;
The step of Fig. 6 is construction waste processing method of the invention figure.
In figure: 1- treatment box;2- crusher chamber;3- screens chamber;4- reject chute;5- feeding port;6- feed inlet;7- first is transmitted Band;8- discharge gate;9- feedback outlet;10- rewinding mouth;The second conveyer belt of 11-;12- partition;13- electric pushrod;14- broken shaft; 15- installation axle;16- is crushed column;17- gear;The first belt pulley of 18-;The first driving motor of 19-;The second belt pulley of 20-;21- is passed Dynamic band;22- sieve plate;The second driving motor of 23-;24- eccentric wheel;25- accessory plate;26- spring;27- baffle;28- support shaft; 29- band body;30- third driving motor;31- splicing plate;32- hydraulic cylinder;33- slideway;34- push plate;35- stud;36- 4 wheel driven Dynamic motor;37- accommodating groove;The inclined-plane 38-;39- splicing groove.
Specific embodiment
As shown in Figures 1 to 5, a kind of construction waste processing unit, including treatment box 1, interior be equipped with for the treatment of box 1 separate The inner cavity of the treatment box 1 is divided into positioned at the crusher chamber 2 of the top of the partition and position by mechanism, the partition Screening chamber 3 in the lower section of the partition;It is equipped with crushing mechanism in the crusher chamber 2, is equipped with screening in the screening chamber 3 Mechanism;It further include the reject chute 4 positioned at the right side of the treatment box 1, the left side wall of the reject chute 4 is equipped with feeding port 5, described The right side wall for the treatment of box 1 is equipped with the feed inlet 6 being connected with the crusher chamber 2, between the feeding port 5 and the feed inlet 6 It is connected with the first conveyer belt 7;The left side wall of the treatment box 1 is equipped with the discharge gate 8 being connected with the screening chamber 3, the place The right side wall of reason case 1 is additionally provided with the feedback outlet 9 being connected with the screening chamber 3, and the left side wall of the reject chute 4, which is equipped with, is located at institute The rewinding mouth 10 of the lower section of feeding port 5 is stated, the second conveyer belt 11 is connected between the feedback outlet 9 and the rewinding mouth 10;Institute State the feeding mechanism being additionally provided in reject chute 4 for the construction waste in the reject chute 4 to be sent into the feeding port 5.
The operation principle of the present invention is that: construction waste is collected in reject chute 4, when the construction waste in reject chute 4 compared with When more, the construction waste in reject chute 4 is transferred on the first transmission belt 7 by feeding port 5 by feeding mechanism, the first transmission Direction of transfer with 7 is to be transmitted from feeding port 5 to feed inlet 6, and the construction waste on the first conveyer belt 7 follows the first conveyer belt 7 It is mobile to feed inlet 6, and entered in crusher chamber 2 by feed inlet 6, crushing mechanism can smash the construction waste of bulk, building Waste material after crushing mechanism is smashed, partition open, it is broken after construction waste fall to downwards screening chamber 3 in, beaten The lesser construction waste of particle after broken can pass through sorting mechanism and be discharged from discharge gate 8, and particle is biggish underproof Construction waste is screened mechanism obstruction, and is screened mechanism and is transferred on the second conveyer belt 11 by feedback outlet 9, the second conveyer belt 11 direction of transfer is to be transmitted from feedback outlet 9 to rewinding mouth 10, and the construction waste on the second conveyer belt 11 follows the second conveyer belt 11 is mobile to rewinding mouth 10, and is come back in reject chute 4 by rewinding mouth 10, and waits and enter crusher chamber 2 again next time It smashes.
The partition include rotate relatively two on the left side wall and right side wall that are mounted on the treatment box 1 every Plate 12, the axis front and back that the partition 12 rotates extends, hinged between the downside of the partition 12 and the inner wall of the treatment box 1 There is the electric pushrod 13 for driving two 12 closure or openness of partition.
Specifically, driving two by two stretching, extensions of electric pushrod 13 when crushing mechanism smashes construction waste Partition 12 transfers to horizontality in closed state upwards, and two partitions 12 separate crusher chamber 2 and screening chamber 3, avoid not by The construction waste smashed directly enters screening chamber 3 from crusher chamber 2;After crushing mechanism smashes construction waste, pass through two It is in open state that a contraction of electric pushrod 13 drives two partitions 12 to rotate down, and the building waste in crusher chamber 2 is in gravity It is fallen to downwards under effect in screening chamber 3.
The crushing mechanism includes two broken shafts 14 that front and back is oppositely arranged, and the axis or so of the broken shaft 14 prolongs It stretches, the broken shaft 14 is rotatably installed in the crusher chamber 2 by the installation axle 15 of end, and the feed inlet 6 is located at two The top of the broken shaft 14;Multiple broken columns 16 extended along its diameter, two institutes are fixedly installed on the broken shaft 14 The broken column 16 or so stated on broken shaft 14 is staggered;The installation axle 15 of described 14 one end of broken shaft extends to the treatment box 1 outside is simultaneously fixedly installed with gear 17, and the gear 17 in two installation axles 15 is intermeshed;One of them described installation It is also fixedly installed with the first belt pulley 18 on axis 15, is fixedly installed with the first driving motor 19 on the treatment box 1, described first The second belt pulley 20, first belt pulley 18 and second belt pulley 20 are fixedly installed on the transfer axis of driving motor 19 Between be connected with transmission belt 21.
When first driving motor 19 rotates, the rotation of the first belt pulley 18 is driven by the second belt pulley 20 and transmission belt 21, First belt pulley 18 is rotated with corresponding installation axle 15 and broken shaft 14, at the same time, the installation being connect with the first belt pulley 18 Axis 15 drives another installation axle 15 and corresponding broken shaft 14 to rotate backward by two gears 17, and two broken shafts 14 do and revolve To when opposite rotation, the broken column 16 of drive smashes the construction waste in crusher chamber 2.
The sorting mechanism includes the sieve plate 22 in the screening chamber 3, and the sieve plate 22 is equipped with multiple logical up and down Saturating sieve pore;The right end of the sieve plate 22 is rotatably installed on the right side wall of the treatment box 1, the axis that the sieve plate 22 rotates Front and back extends;The left side of the treatment box 1 is fixedly installed with the second driving motor 23, the rotation axis of second driving motor 23 It extends right up in the screening chamber 3 and is fixedly installed with eccentric wheel 24, the eccentric wheel 24 is supported in a left side for the sieve plate 22 The lower section at end, the height of the eccentric wheel 24 are higher than the right end of the sieve plate 22;The inside of the left side wall of the treatment box 1 is also solid Dingan County is equipped with accessory plate 25, and spring 26 is equipped between the downside and the sieve plate 22 of the accessory plate 25;The bottom of the feedback outlet 9 Portion is connected with the right end of the sieve plate 22, and the discharge gate 8 is located at the lower section of the sieve plate 22.
Broken building waste in crusher chamber 2 is fallen in screening chamber 3, is piled up on sieve plate 22, after broken The sieve pore continuation that the lesser construction waste of particle can pass through sieve plate 22 is fallen downwards, and finally from the discharge gate 8 of 22 lower section of sieve plate Discharge;The biggish underproof construction waste of not broken particle can not then penetrate the sieve pore of sieve plate 22;Due to eccentric wheel 24 The height for being supported in the lower section of the left end of the sieve plate 22 and eccentric wheel 24 is higher than the right side of the sieve plate 22, the i.e. right side of sieve plate 22 End is lower than the left end of sieve plate 22, and the biggish construction waste of the particle stopped by sieve plate 22 is then slided along sieve plate 22 to right end, and is led to Feedback outlet 9 is crossed to be expelled on the second conveyer belt 11.In addition, spring 26 makes the downside of the left end of sieve plate 22 and the periphery of eccentric wheel 24 Face offsets, and when the second driving motor 23 is rotated with movable eccentric wheel 24, makes the left end of sieve plate 22 ceaselessly vertical tremor, is more advantageous to The lesser construction waste of particle smoothly penetrates the sieve pore of sieve plate 22, the biggish construction waste of the particle being more advantageous on sieve plate 22 to Dextrad feedback outlet 9 is mobile.
First conveyer belt 7 and second transmission belt 11 include that front and back is relatively fixedly mounted on the treatment box Two baffles 27 between 1 and the reject chute 4, there are two parallel support shafts for rotational installation between two baffles 27 28, the axis front and back of the support shaft 28 extends, and band body 29 is connected between two support shafts 28, is consolidated on the baffle 27 Dingan County is equipped with the third driving motor 30 for driving one of them described support shaft 28 to rotate.The setting of baffle 27 can avoid first and pass The construction waste in band 7 or second transmission 11 is sent to fall from the front and rear sides with body 29.
The feeding mechanism includes the up and down splicing plate 31 being mounted in the reject chute 4, the splicing plate 31 with Hydraulic cylinder 32 is fixedly installed between the bottom of the reject chute 4;Two are relatively provided on the front-rear side walls of the reject chute 4 The slideway 33 that left and right extends, is slidably fitted with push plate 34 between two slideways 33, the lower end surface of the push plate 34 with it is described The bottom of feeding port 5 is generally aligned in the same plane;The stud 35 that left and right extends is equipped in the slideway 33, the stud 35 passes through end Polished rod be rotatably installed in the slideway 33, the rear and front end of the push plate 34 is screwed respectively in the corresponding stud 35 On;The 4th driving motor 36 corresponding with the stud 35 there are two being also fixedly mounted on the reject chute 4, the stud 35 The polished rod of one end is fixedly connected in the rotation axis of corresponding 4th driving motor 36;The right side wall of the reject chute 4 Inside is equipped with the accommodating groove 37 to match with the push plate 34.
When original state, hydraulic cylinder 32 is in contraction state, as shown in Figure 1, the upper surface of splicing plate 31 is located at receipts at this time The lower section of material mouth 10, when construction waste is collected in reject chute 4, construction waste is deposited on splicing plate 31;When in reject chute 4 Construction waste it is more when, stretched by hydraulic cylinder 32, hydraulic cylinder 32 drive splicing plate 31 be moved upward to the upper of splicing plate 31 End face is overlapped with the bottom of feeding port 5, as shown in figure 5, the lower end surface of push plate at this time 34 and the upper surface of splicing plate 31 are located at together In one plane, and splicing plate 31 closes rewinding mouth 10, and the construction waste on the second conveyer belt is avoided to enter by rewinding mouth 10 Between splicing plate 31 and the bottom of reject chute 4;When original state, push plate 34 is located in accommodating groove 37, as shown in Figure 1, can avoid Push plate 34 contacts with the construction waste on splicing plate 31 and splicing plate 31 is hindered to move upwards;When hydraulic cylinder 32 drives splicing plate 31 Be moved upward to splicing plate 31 upper surface be overlapped with the bottom of feeding port 5 after, two the 4th driving motors 36 drive two spiral shells The rotation of 35 synchronous forward of column, two studs 35 drive push plate 34 mobile to left-hand feeding port 5, as shown in figure 5, pushing away in push plate 34 Construction waste on dynamic lower splicing plate 31 is expelled on the first transmission belt 7 from feeding port 5;Finally, two the 4th driving motors 36 Two 35 synchronous backward of stud rotations are driven, two drive push plates 34 of studs 35 move right and enter accommodating groove 37 to push plate 34 Interior, hydraulic cylinder 32 shrinks the lower section for driving splicing plate 31 to be moved downward to rewinding mouth 10, so as to the building on the second conveyer belt 11 Waste material smoothly enters in reject chute from rewinding mouth 10.
The bottom of the treatment box 1 is equipped with inclined-plane 38, the bottom phase of the lowest part on the inclined-plane 38 and the discharge gate 8 Even, the outside of the discharge gate is equipped with splicing groove 39.It is fallen downwards through the lesser construction waste of particle of the sieve pore of sieve plate 22 It slides to inclined-plane 38, and along inclined-plane 38 to discharge gate 8, is finally expelled in splicing groove 39 from discharge gate 8.
As shown in fig. 6, a kind of construction waste processing method using the construction waste processing unit, this method include with Lower step:
Construction waste is collected in the reject chute 4 by S1;
Construction waste in the reject chute is delivered in the crusher chamber 2 and carries out break process by S2;
The S2 construction waste obtained is delivered in the screening chamber 3 and screens, screens and close through the sorting mechanism by S3 The construction waste of lattice carries out S4 step;Underproof construction waste, which is screened, through the sorting mechanism is delivered to the waste material again In slot 4, and repeat S2;
S4 is discharged through the qualified construction waste of sorting mechanism screening from discharge gate 8.
The above shows and describes the basic principle, main features and advantages of the invention.The technology of the industry Personnel are it should be appreciated that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and the above embodiments and description only describe this The principle of invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and improvements may be made to the invention, these changes Change and improvement all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention by appended claims and its Equivalent thereof.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of construction waste processing unit, it is characterised in that: including treatment box, partition, institute are equipped in the treatment box It states partition the inner cavity of the treatment box is divided into positioned at the crusher chamber of the top of the partition and positioned at described point Screening chamber every the lower section of mechanism;Crushing mechanism is equipped in the crusher chamber, the screening is intracavitary to be equipped with sorting mechanism;Further include The left side wall of reject chute positioned at the right side of the treatment box, the reject chute is equipped with feeding port, the right side wall of the treatment box Equipped with the feed inlet being connected with the crusher chamber, the first conveyer belt is connected between the feeding port and the feed inlet;Institute State treatment box left side wall be equipped with the discharge gate that is connected of screening chamber, the right side wall of the treatment box be additionally provided with it is described The feedback outlet that screening chamber is connected, the left side wall of the reject chute is equipped with the rewinding mouth positioned at the lower section of the feeding port, described The second conveyer belt is connected between feedback outlet and the rewinding mouth;It is additionally provided in the reject chute for will be in the reject chute Construction waste is sent into the feeding mechanism of the feeding port.
2. a kind of construction waste processing unit as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the partition includes relatively The axis front and back of two partitions being rotatably installed on the left side wall and right side wall of the treatment box, the partition rotation extends, It is hinged between the downside of the partition and the inner wall of the treatment box and two the electronic of partition closure or openness is driven to push away Bar.
3. a kind of construction waste processing unit as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the crushing mechanism includes front and back phase To two broken shafts of setting, axis of the broken shaft or so extends, and the broken shaft rotates peace by the installation axle of end In the crusher chamber, the feed inlet is located at the top of two broken shafts;It is fixedly installed on the broken shaft more A broken column extended along its diameter, the broken column or so on two broken shafts are staggered;Described broken shaft one end Installation axle extends to the outside of the treatment box and is fixedly installed with gear, the gear intermeshing in two installation axles; It is also fixedly installed with the first belt pulley in one of them described installation axle, the first driving electricity is fixedly installed on the treatment box Machine is fixedly installed with the second belt pulley, first belt pulley and second skin on the transfer axis of first driving motor Transmission belt is connected between belt wheel.
4. a kind of construction waste processing unit as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the sorting mechanism includes being located at institute It states and screens intracavitary sieve plate, the sieve plate is equipped with multiple transparent sieve pores;The right end of the sieve plate is rotatably installed in institute It states on the right side wall for the treatment of box, extends before and after the axis of the sieve plate rotation;Second is fixedly installed on the left of the treatment box Driving motor, it is intracavitary and be fixedly installed with eccentric wheel that the rotation axis of second driving motor extends right up to the screening, institute The lower section that eccentric wheel is supported in the left end of the sieve plate is stated, the height of the eccentric wheel is higher than the right end of the sieve plate;The place The inside for managing the left side wall of case is also fixedly installed with accessory plate, and spring is equipped between the downside of the accessory plate and the sieve plate; The bottom of the feedback outlet is connected with the right end of the sieve plate, and the discharge gate is located at the lower section of the sieve plate.
5. a kind of construction waste processing unit as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: first conveyer belt and described the Two transmission belts include two baffles that front and back is relatively fixedly mounted between the treatment box and the reject chute, two institutes Stating rotational installation between baffle, there are two parallel support shafts, the axis front and back of the support shaft to extend, two support shafts Between be connected with band body, the third driving motor of one of them support shaft rotation of driving is fixedly installed on the baffle.
6. a kind of construction waste processing unit as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the feeding mechanism includes living up and down The dynamic splicing plate being mounted in the reject chute, is fixedly installed with hydraulic between the splicing plate and the bottom of the reject chute Cylinder;It is relatively provided with the slideway of two or so extensions on the front-rear side walls of the reject chute, slides peace between two slideways Equipped with push plate, the lower end surface of the push plate and the bottom of the feeding port are generally aligned in the same plane;Left and right is equipped in the slideway to prolong The stud stretched, the stud are rotatably installed in the slideway by the polished rod of end, and the rear and front end of the push plate is revolved respectively It closes on the corresponding stud;The 4th driving electricity corresponding with the stud there are two being also fixedly mounted on the reject chute Machine, the polished rod of described stud one end are fixedly connected in the rotation axis of corresponding 4th driving motor;The reject chute The inside of right side wall is equipped with the accommodating groove to match with the push plate.
7. a kind of construction waste processing unit as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the bottom of the treatment box is equipped with oblique Face, the lowest part on the inclined-plane are connected with the bottom of the discharge gate, and the outside of the discharge gate is equipped with splicing groove.
8. at a kind of construction waste using construction waste processing unit described in claim 1 to 7 any one claim Reason method, which is characterized in that method includes the following steps:
Construction waste is collected in the reject chute by S1;
Construction waste in the reject chute is delivered in the crusher chamber and carries out break process by S2;
The S2 construction waste obtained, is delivered to that the screening is intracavitary to screen by S3, qualified through sorting mechanism screening Construction waste carries out S4 step;Underproof construction waste, which is screened, through the sorting mechanism is delivered to the reject chute again It is interior, and repeat S2;
S4 is discharged through the qualified construction waste of sorting mechanism screening from discharge gate.
CN201910704841.3A 2019-08-01 2019-08-01 A kind of construction waste processing unit and method Pending CN110479418A (en)

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CN111282636A (en) * 2020-03-30 2020-06-16 永康悠长矿产开采技术有限公司 Screening breaker with adjustable ore
CN111570006A (en) * 2020-05-25 2020-08-25 陈红平 Garbage crusher
CN111921602A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-11-13 宣城市水东泰狮缓凝剂制品有限公司 High-efficient rubbing crusher with supplementary unloading function
CN111940033A (en) * 2020-08-06 2020-11-17 安徽宝润环保节能建材有限公司 Building waste retrieves reducing mechanism

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CN111282636A (en) * 2020-03-30 2020-06-16 永康悠长矿产开采技术有限公司 Screening breaker with adjustable ore
CN111570006A (en) * 2020-05-25 2020-08-25 陈红平 Garbage crusher
CN111921602A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-11-13 宣城市水东泰狮缓凝剂制品有限公司 High-efficient rubbing crusher with supplementary unloading function
CN111940033A (en) * 2020-08-06 2020-11-17 安徽宝润环保节能建材有限公司 Building waste retrieves reducing mechanism

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