CN110410810B - Environment-friendly chimney with filtering capability - Google Patents

Environment-friendly chimney with filtering capability Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110410810B
CN110410810B CN201910733734.3A CN201910733734A CN110410810B CN 110410810 B CN110410810 B CN 110410810B CN 201910733734 A CN201910733734 A CN 201910733734A CN 110410810 B CN110410810 B CN 110410810B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cavity
cleaning
rotating
block
gear
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CN201910733734.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110410810A (en
Inventor
姚莉萍
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Shandong Ruipu Testing Technology Co.,Ltd.
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Shandong Ruipu Testing Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN201910733734.3A priority Critical patent/CN110410810B/en
Publication of CN110410810A publication Critical patent/CN110410810A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/0002Casings; Housings; Frame constructions
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/0027Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours with additional separating or treating functions
    • B01D46/0036Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours with additional separating or treating functions by adsorption or absorption
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/10Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filter plates, sheets or pads having plane surfaces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/30Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using loose filtering material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/66Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter
    • B01D46/68Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter by means acting on the cake side involving movement with regard to the filter elements
    • B01D46/681Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter by means acting on the cake side involving movement with regard to the filter elements by scrapers, brushes or the like
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/02Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by adsorption, e.g. preparative gas chromatography
    • B01D53/04Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by adsorption, e.g. preparative gas chromatography with stationary adsorbents
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES 
    • F23J11/00Devices for conducting smoke or fumes, e.g. flues 
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES 
    • F23J15/00Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes
    • F23J15/02Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of purifiers, e.g. for removing noxious material
    • F23J15/022Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of purifiers, e.g. for removing noxious material for removing solid particulate material from the gasflow
    • F23J15/025Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of purifiers, e.g. for removing noxious material for removing solid particulate material from the gasflow using filters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES 
    • F23J2217/00Intercepting solids
    • F23J2217/10Intercepting solids by filters
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/20Air quality improvement or preservation, e.g. vehicle emission control or emission reduction by using catalytic converters
    • Y02A50/2351Atmospheric particulate matter [PM], e.g. carbon smoke microparticles, smog, aerosol particles, dust

Abstract

The invention discloses an environment-friendly chimney with a filtering function, which comprises a column body, wherein a ventilation cavity is arranged in the column body, the upper end surface of the column body is fixedly provided with an operating block, a filter cavity is arranged in the operating block and is communicated with the ventilation cavity, a filtering device is arranged in the filtering cavity and comprises a filtering net, a cleaning device is arranged in the left end wall of the filtering cavity, the cleaning device is fixedly connected with the filtering device, the invention filters the smoke in the chimney through the activated carbon with adsorption function, the filtered smoke is discharged to the outside, the air pollution is reduced, secondly, the active carbon that filters the use can regularly carry out automatic change, can clear away the active carbon on the filter screen and clean the smoke and dust on the filter screen through cleaning device, ensures the mesh circulation of filter screen, improves the unobstructed nature of discharging fume of chimney.

Description

Environment-friendly chimney with filtering capability
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of chimneys, in particular to an environment-friendly chimney with a filtering function.
Background
Traditional chimney only has the function of discharging smog usually, its inside smog is not directly discharged to the external world through environmental protection processing, increase the pollution of ambient air, secondly, a small number of chimneys that have filtering capability, its filter equipment filters smog through active carbon, but active carbon is single use only, can't change automatically after active carbon used a period of time, it sets up new active carbon again to need the staff to clear away the back manually with the active carbon who uses usually, this operation difficulty just needs specific personnel to look over and record the change time and the change volume of active carbon, bring inconvenience for the use, secondly, the filter screen is in the use, smog and dust can consolidate on the filter screen, lead to the mesh jam, influence the circulation of smog and discharge. The present invention sets forth a device that solves the above problems.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem is as follows: traditional chimney filter equipment degree of automation is low, the operation difficulty, and does not have the function of carrying out the cleanness to filter equipment branch, leads to filtering the easy jam of mesh, influences the work of discharging fume of chimney.
In order to solve the problems, the embodiment designs an environment-friendly chimney with a filtering function, the environment-friendly chimney with the filtering function comprises a cylinder body, a ventilation cavity is arranged in the cylinder body, an operation block is fixedly arranged on the upper end face of the cylinder body, a filter cavity is arranged in the operation block and communicated with the ventilation cavity, a filter device is arranged in the filter cavity and comprises a filter screen, a cleaning device is arranged in the left end wall of the filter cavity and fixedly connected with the filter device, the filter screen can be cleaned by the cleaning device, a power conversion device is arranged on the lower side of the cleaning device and provides power for the cleaning device, a charging device is arranged in the right end wall of the filter cavity and movably connected with the power conversion device, and the charging device comprises a charging pipe, the utility model discloses a filter, including power conversion equipment, filter screen, filter chamber, power conversion equipment upside is equipped with the storage chamber, the active carbon of filter usefulness has been placed in the storage chamber, the active carbon process of storage intracavity the charging tube unrestrained in on the filter screen, thereby make the smog in the ventilation intracavity is from supreme circulation down, process the filter screen filters, the installation pole has set firmly between the end wall about the filter chamber, the bracing piece has set firmly on the installation pole, the rain cover has set firmly on the bracing piece.
Wherein, filter equipment include in the folding groove that sets up on the filter screen, the folding inslot internal rotation is equipped with the side shield, the side shield with rotating spring has set firmly between the folding groove, the folding groove right side is equipped with four recesses, the setting of symmetry around each two and around the recess is, the recess internal rotation is equipped with the dwang, controls the articulated connecting rod that is equipped with between the dwang, under the connecting rod terminal surface with set firmly between the filter screen and have folding elastic fender cloth, two on right side the dwang with be equipped with pressure spring between the recess respectively.
Preferably, filter chamber right-hand member wall has set firmly the recovery tube, the filter screen with the recovery tube butt, be equipped with the recovery chamber in the filter chamber right-hand member wall, the recovery tube with the recovery chamber communicates with each other, and then keep off the cloth the side shield reaches filter chamber right-hand member wall forms the space that can place active carbon, works as when the filter screen rotates to the horizontality, with the active carbon of filter chamber right-hand member wall butt can drop extremely in the recovery tube, by the recovery chamber is collected, avoids the active carbon to pass through the ventilation chamber drops downwards.
Wherein, the cleaning device comprises a cleaning cavity, the right side of the cleaning cavity is communicated with the filter cavity, the lower side of the delivered cleaning cavity is communicated with a collecting cavity, the front end wall in the cleaning cavity is fixedly provided with a rotating motor, the front side of the rotating motor is provided with a radiating fin, the rear end of the rotating motor is provided with a rotating shaft, the rotating shaft is fixedly provided with a rotating wheel, the rotating wheel is fixedly connected with the filter screen, the rear side of the rotating wheel is fixedly provided with a shifting block on the rotating shaft, the shifting block is abutted against the power conversion device, the rear side of the cleaning cavity is communicated with a lifting cavity, the rear end wall of the lifting cavity is fixedly provided with a rack, the lifting cavity is rotatably provided with a lifting screw rod, the lower end of the lifting screw rod is connected with the power conversion device through power, the lifting block is arranged on the lifting screw rod through threads, the lifting block is internally provided with a meshing, the transmission shaft is fixedly arranged at the axis of the rotating gear, the cleaning assembly is arranged on the front side of the lifting block, the transmission shaft is fixedly connected with the cleaning assembly, the rear side of the meshing cavity is communicated with a transmission cavity, the rear end of the transmission shaft on the right side extends into the transmission cavity and is fixedly provided with a first bevel gear, the left end of the first bevel gear is meshed with a second bevel gear, the left end face of the second bevel gear is fixedly provided with a transmission gear, the rear end of the transmission gear is meshed with the rack, and the lifting block is lifted to enable the transmission gear to rotate so as to drive the cleaning assembly to work.
The cleaning assembly comprises a cleaning block, the rear end face of the cleaning block is fixedly connected with the lifting block, a cleaning space which penetrates through the cleaning block from top to bottom is formed in the cleaning block, cleaning rotary grooves are formed in the left end wall and the right end wall of the cleaning space in a communicated mode, the front end of the transmission shaft is rotatably connected with the front end wall of the cleaning rotary groove, a cleaning rotating wheel is fixedly arranged on the transmission shaft in the cleaning rotary groove, a cleaning brush is fixedly arranged on the cleaning rotating wheel, and then when the filter screen is located in the cleaning space, the cleaning rotating wheel rotates relatively along with the lifting of the cleaning device, so that the filter screen is cleaned.
Wherein the power conversion device comprises a conversion cavity, a conversion block is arranged in the conversion cavity in a sliding manner, the lower end of the shifting block extends into the conversion cavity and is abutted against the conversion block, the upper end surface of the conversion block is fixedly provided with a telescopic spring, a power motor is fixedly arranged in the conversion block, a spline housing is dynamically arranged at the upper end of the power motor, the spline housing is connected with the lifting screw through a spline, a power shaft is dynamically arranged at the lower end of the power motor, a connecting cavity is communicated with the lower side of the conversion cavity, the lower end of the power shaft extends into the connecting cavity and is fixedly provided with a third bevel gear, the rear end of the third bevel gear is engaged and connected with a fourth bevel gear, a gear rotating shaft is fixedly arranged at the center of the fourth bevel gear and is in power connection with the charging device, so that the power motor works to respectively provide power for the cleaning device and the charging device.
Wherein, the charging device comprises a moving cavity, the moving cavity is communicated with the material storage cavity through a connecting groove, a connecting hose is fixedly arranged on the upper end wall of the connecting groove, a moving block is arranged in the moving cavity in a sliding manner, the lower end of the connecting hose is fixedly connected to the moving block, a return spring is fixedly arranged between the rear end of the moving block and the moving cavity, a sliding cavity is arranged in the moving block, the charging pipe is arranged in the sliding cavity in a sliding manner, a circulation groove is arranged in the charging pipe, a feeding groove is communicated with the upper end wall of the circulation groove, the feeding groove is communicated with the connecting hose, the lower end surface of the charging pipe is engaged and connected with an engaging gear, a spline shaft is connected with the center of the engaging gear through a spline, the front end of the spline shaft is rotationally connected with the front end wall of the moving cavity, a rotating cavity is communicated with the rear, the rear end of the spline shaft penetrates through the rotating cavity to be in power connection with the transmission device, a first gear is fixedly arranged on the spline shaft in the rotating cavity, a second gear with one-half tooth shape is meshed and connected with the lower side of the first gear, a connecting shaft is fixedly arranged at the center of the second gear, a winding cavity is communicated with the inner wall of the front end of the movable cavity, the front end of the connecting shaft extends into the winding cavity and is fixedly provided with a winding wheel, a pull rope is fixedly wound on the winding wheel, a traction wheel is rotatably arranged in the winding cavity and is positioned at the upper side of the winding wheel, the other end of the pull rope is fixedly connected with the moving block after passing through the traction wheel in a winding way, a fixed pipe is fixedly arranged on the right end surface of the operating block, a contraction cavity is arranged in the fixed pipe, so that the charging device operates to move the charging pipe forward and backward and to the right, thereby uniformly sprinkling the activated carbon on the filter screen.
The transmission device comprises a belt cavity, the rear end of the spline shaft is connected with the rear end wall of the belt cavity in a rotating mode, a belt rotating shaft is arranged in the belt cavity in a rotating mode, the belt rotating shaft is connected with the spline shaft through belt power, the rear side of the belt cavity is communicated with a reversing cavity, the rear end of the belt rotating shaft stretches into the reversing cavity and is fixedly provided with a fifth bevel gear, the left end of the fifth bevel gear is connected with a sixth bevel gear in a meshed mode, the right end of the gear rotating shaft stretches into the reversing cavity and is fixedly connected with the sixth bevel gear, and therefore the gear rotating shaft rotates to drive the spline shaft to rotate, so that the charging device works.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the chimney filter device filters smoke in the chimney through the activated carbon with adsorption effect, the filtered smoke is discharged to the outside, air pollution is reduced, the activated carbon used for filtering can be automatically replaced at regular intervals, the operation is convenient and fast, the filtering efficiency is improved, in addition, the chimney is internally provided with the cleaning device, the activated carbon on the filter screen can be cleared through the cleaning device, smoke dust on the filter screen can be cleaned, the mesh opening fluidity of the filter screen is ensured, and the smoke discharging smoothness of the chimney is improved.
Drawings
For ease of illustration, the invention is described in detail by the following specific examples and figures.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of an environmentally friendly chimney with a filtering function according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the structure in the direction "A-A" of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure in the direction "B-B" of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the structure in the direction "C-C" of FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the structure in the direction "D-D" of FIG. 1;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the structure in the direction "E-E" of FIG. 4;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the structure in the direction "F-F" of FIG. 4;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the structure in the direction "G-G" of FIG. 1.
Detailed Description
The invention will now be described in detail with reference to fig. 1-8, for ease of description, the orientations described below will now be defined as follows: the up, down, left, right, and front-back directions described below correspond to the up, down, left, right, and front-back directions in the projection relationship of fig. 1 itself.
The invention relates to an environment-friendly chimney with a filtering function, which is mainly used for chimney filtering work, and the invention is further explained by combining the attached drawings of the invention:
the invention relates to an environment-friendly chimney with a filtering function, which comprises a column body 10, wherein a ventilation cavity 11 is arranged in the column body 10, an operation block 12 is fixedly arranged on the upper end surface of the column body 10, a filter cavity 13 is arranged in the operation block 12, the filter cavity 13 is communicated with the ventilation cavity 11, a filter device 601 is arranged in the filter cavity 13, the filter device 601 comprises a filter screen 18, a cleaning device 602 is arranged in the left end wall of the filter cavity 13, the cleaning device 602 is fixedly connected with the filter device 601, the cleaning device 602 can clean the filter screen 18, a power conversion device 603 is arranged on the lower side of the cleaning device 602, the power conversion device 603 provides power for the cleaning device 602, a charging device 604 is arranged in the wall of the filter cavity 13, the charging device 604 is movably connected with the power conversion device 603, and the charging device 604 comprises a charging pipe 69, the upside of power conversion equipment 603 is equipped with storage cavity 64, place the active carbon of filter usefulness in the storage cavity 64, the active carbon process in the storage cavity 64 the charging pipe 69 unrestrained in on the filter screen 18, thereby make when supreme circulation is followed to smog in the ventilation chamber 11, the process the filter screen 18 filters, installation pole 87 has set firmly between the end wall about the filter chamber 13, bracing piece 88 has set firmly on the installation pole 87, rain cover 89 has set firmly on the bracing piece 88.
According to the embodiment, the following detailed description is carried out on the filtering device 601, the filtering device 601 include in the folding groove 19 that sets up on the filter screen 18, the folding groove 19 internal rotation is equipped with side shield 20, side shield 20 with the rotating spring 21 has been set firmly between the folding groove 19, the folding groove 19 right side is equipped with four recess 59, the setting of symmetry around each two and around recess 59 is, the recess 59 internal rotation is equipped with dwang 60, controls the articulated connecting rod 62 that is equipped with between the dwang 60, connecting rod 62 down the terminal surface with set firmly between the filter screen 18 and have folding elastic fender cloth 63, two on right side the dwang 60 with be equipped with pressure spring 61 between the recess 59 respectively.
Beneficially, filter chamber 13 right-hand member wall sets firmly recovery tube 22, filter screen 18 with recovery tube 22 butt, be equipped with in the filter chamber 13 right-hand member wall and retrieve chamber 23, recovery tube 22 with retrieve chamber 23 and communicate with each other, and then keep off cloth 63, side shield 20 and filter chamber 13 right-hand member wall forms the space that can place active carbon, works as when filter screen 18 rotates to the horizontality, with the active carbon of filter chamber 13 right-hand member wall butt can drop to in retrieving tube 22, by retrieve the chamber 23 and collect, avoid the active carbon to pass through ventilation chamber 11 drops downwards.
According to the embodiment, the following detailed description is provided for the cleaning device 602, the cleaning device 602 includes a cleaning cavity 14, the right side of the cleaning cavity 14 is communicated with the filter cavity 13, the lower side of the cleaning cavity 14 is communicated with a collecting cavity 17, the front end wall in the cleaning cavity 14 is fixedly provided with a rotating motor 51, the front side of the rotating motor 51 is provided with a heat sink 52, the rear end of the rotating motor 51 is dynamically provided with a rotating shaft 15, the rotating shaft 15 is fixedly provided with a rotating wheel 16, the rotating wheel 16 is fixedly connected with the filter screen 18, the rear side of the rotating wheel 16 is fixedly provided with a shifting block 50 on the rotating shaft 15, the shifting block 50 is abutted against the power conversion device 603, the rear side of the cleaning cavity 14 is communicated with a lifting cavity 24, the rear end wall of the lifting cavity 24 is fixedly provided with a rack 26, a lifting screw 25 is rotatably provided in the lifting cavity 24, the lower end of the lifting screw 25 is dynamically connected with, the lifting screw 25 is provided with a lifting block 27 in a threaded manner, the lifting block 27 is internally provided with a meshing cavity 34, the meshing cavity 34 is internally provided with rotating gears 35 which are bilaterally symmetrical and are in meshing connection, the axis of the rotating gear 35 is fixedly provided with a transmission shaft 33, the front side of the lifting block 27 is provided with a cleaning assembly 605, the transmission shaft 33 is fixedly connected with the cleaning assembly 605, the rear side of the meshing cavity 34 is communicated with a transmission cavity 28, the rear end of the transmission shaft 33 on the right side extends into the transmission cavity 28 and is fixedly provided with a first bevel gear 32, the left end of the first bevel gear 32 is in meshing connection with a second bevel gear 30, the left end face of the second bevel gear 30 is fixedly provided with a transmission gear 29, the rear end of the transmission gear 29 is meshed with the rack 26, and then the lifting block 27 is lifted so that the transmission gear.
According to an embodiment, a cleaning assembly 605 is described in detail below, the cleaning assembly 605 includes a cleaning block 39, a rear end surface of the cleaning block 39 is fixedly connected to the lifting block 27, a cleaning space 31 penetrating vertically is provided in the cleaning block 39, cleaning rotating grooves 38 are provided in left and right end walls of the cleaning space 31 in communication, a front end of the transmission shaft 33 is rotatably connected to a front end wall of the cleaning rotating groove 38, a cleaning rotating wheel 37 is fixedly provided on the transmission shaft 33 in the cleaning rotating groove 38, a cleaning brush 36 is fixedly provided on the cleaning rotating wheel 37, and when the filter screen 18 is located in the cleaning space 31, the cleaning rotating wheel 37 rotates relatively while lifting along with the cleaning device 602, so as to clean the filter screen 18.
According to the embodiment, the power conversion device 603 is described in detail below, the power conversion device 603 includes a conversion cavity 40, a conversion block 41 is slidably disposed in the conversion cavity 40, a lower end of the dial block 50 extends into the conversion cavity 40 and abuts against the conversion block 41, an extension spring 43 is fixedly disposed on an upper end surface of the conversion block 41, a power motor 42 is fixedly disposed in the conversion block 41, a spline housing 44 is dynamically mounted on an upper end of the power motor 42, the spline housing 44 is in spline connection with the lifting screw 25, a power shaft 45 is dynamically mounted on a lower end of the power motor 42, a connection cavity 47 is communicatively disposed on a lower side of the conversion cavity 40, a lower end of the power shaft 45 extends into the connection cavity 47 and is fixedly disposed with a third bevel gear 46, a fourth bevel gear 48 is engaged and connected to a rear end of the third bevel gear 46, and a gear rotating shaft 49 is fixedly disposed at a center of the fourth bevel gear 48, the geared shaft 49 is in powered communication with the charging device 604 such that operation of the power motor 42 powers the cleaning device 602 and the charging device 604, respectively.
According to the embodiment, the charging device 604 is described in detail below, the charging device 604 includes a moving cavity 65, the moving cavity 65 is communicated with the storage cavity 64 through a connecting groove 75, a connecting hose 74 is fixedly arranged on the upper end wall of the connecting groove 75, a moving block 66 is slidably arranged in the moving cavity 65, the lower end of the connecting hose 74 is fixedly connected to the moving block 66, a return spring 82 is fixedly arranged between the rear end of the moving block 66 and the moving cavity 65, a sliding cavity 67 is arranged in the moving block 66, the charging pipe 69 is slidably arranged in the sliding cavity 67, a circulating groove 70 is arranged in the charging pipe 69, a charging groove 71 is communicated with the upper end wall of the circulating groove 70, the charging groove 71 is communicated with the connecting hose 74, a meshing gear 73 is connected to the lower end surface of the charging pipe 69, and a spline shaft 72 is splined to the center of the meshing gear 73, the front end of the spline shaft 72 is rotationally connected with the front end wall of the movable cavity 65, the rear end wall of the movable cavity 65 is internally communicated with a rotating cavity 84, a transmission device 606 is arranged at the rear side of the rotating cavity 84, the rear end of the spline shaft 72 penetrates through the rotating cavity 84 and is in power connection with the transmission device 606, a first gear 86 is fixedly arranged on the spline shaft 72 in the rotating cavity 84, a second gear 85 with a divided tooth form is meshed and connected with the lower side of the first gear 86, a connecting shaft 83 is fixedly arranged at the center of the second gear 85, a winding cavity 78 is communicated with the front end wall of the movable cavity 65, the front end of the connecting shaft 83 extends into the winding cavity 78 and is fixedly provided with a winding wheel 79, a pull rope 81 is fixedly wound on the winding wheel 79, a pull wheel 80 is rotationally arranged in the winding cavity 78, the pull wheel 80 is positioned at the upper side of the winding wheel 79, and the other end of the pull rope 81 is fixedly connected with the movable block, the right end face of the operation block 12 is fixedly provided with a fixed pipe 76, and a contraction cavity 77 is arranged in the fixed pipe 76, so that the charging device 604 works to enable the charging pipe 69 to move forwards and backwards and move rightwards at the same time, and the activated carbon is uniformly sprinkled on the filter screen 18.
According to an embodiment, a transmission 606 is described in detail below, the transmission 606 includes a belt cavity 57, a rear end of the spline shaft 72 is rotatably connected to a rear end wall of the belt cavity 57, a belt rotating shaft 56 is rotatably disposed in the belt cavity 57, the belt rotating shaft 56 is in power connection with the spline shaft 72 through a belt 58, a reversing cavity 53 is disposed at a rear side of the belt cavity 57, a rear end of the belt rotating shaft 56 extends into the reversing cavity 53 and is fixedly provided with a fifth bevel gear 55, a left end of the fifth bevel gear 55 is in meshing connection with a sixth bevel gear 54, a right end of the gear rotating shaft 49 extends into the reversing cavity 53 and is fixedly connected with the sixth bevel gear 54, so that the gear rotating shaft 49 rotates to drive the spline shaft 72 to rotate, and the charging device 604 operates.
The following will describe in detail the usage steps of the environmental protection chimney with filtering function in conjunction with fig. 1 to 8: initially, the shifting block 50 abuts against the conversion block 41, the extension spring 43 is in a stretched state, the third bevel gear 46 is meshed with the fourth bevel gear 48, the lifting screw 25 is not connected with the spline housing 44, the charging pipe 69 is located in the contraction cavity 77, the feeding chute 71 is not communicated with the connecting hose 74, the activated carbon in the storage cavity 64 cannot enter the circulation chute 70, and at the moment, the cloth 63 and the side baffle 20 are vertically arranged.
When the device is used, the power motor 42 works to drive the fourth bevel gear 48 to rotate, the fifth bevel gear 55 rotates, the spline shaft 72 rotates through the belt 58, the meshing gear 73 further rotates, the charging pipe 69 moves leftwards, when the feeding chute 71 is communicated with the connecting hose 74, the activated carbon in the storage cavity 64 is sprinkled on the filter screen 18 through the circulating groove 70, the spline shaft 72 drives the connecting shaft 83 to rotate in the rotating process, the reel 79 rotates, the moving block 66 is pulled to move forwards through the pull rope 81, when the second gear 85 is disengaged from the first gear 86, the moving block 66 moves backwards under the elastic restoring force of the return spring 82, the charging pipe 69 is driven to move forwards and backwards, the activated carbon is uniformly paved on the upper end surface of the filter screen 18, and then the power motor 42 rotates reversely to work, so that the charging pipe 69 moves rightwards to recover the initial position in the shrinkage cavity 77, when the chimney is used, smoke enters the filter cavity 13 through the ventilation cavity 11, is adsorbed and filtered by active carbon and then is discharged upwards;
when the filter screen 18 is cleaned, the rotating motor 51 works to drive the rotating wheel 16 to rotate anticlockwise, so that the filter screen 18 rotates to a vertical state, the filter screen 18 is positioned at the lower side position of the cleaning space 31, the shifting block 50 rotates anticlockwise, the conversion block 41 rises under the action of the elastic restoring force of the telescopic spring 43, the third bevel gear 46 and the fourth bevel gear 48 are separated, the spline sleeve 44 is connected with the lifting screw 25, the power motor 42 works to drive the lifting screw 25 to rotate, the lifting block 27 descends, the transmission gear 29 rotates, so that the rotating gear 35 rotates, the left cleaning rotating wheel 37 and the right cleaning rotating wheel 37 rotate oppositely, the cleaning brush 36 cleans the activated carbon and the dust on the filter screen 18, the cleaning brush 36 cleans the filter screen 18 from the top to the bottom along with the descending of the lifting block 27, the cleaned activated carbon and the cleaned smoke dust are collected by the collecting cavity 17, and then the power motor 42, when the lifting block 27 rises to the initial position, the rotating motor 51 rotates reversely to drive the filter screen 18 to rotate clockwise to the horizontal state, the shifting block 50 extrudes the conversion block 41 to descend, the third bevel gear 46 and the fourth bevel gear 48 are meshed again, and the power motor 42 works to enable the activated carbon in the storage cavity 64 to be laid on the upper end surface of the filter screen 18 again, so that the smoke in the ventilation cavity 11 is continuously adsorbed and filtered.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the chimney filter device filters smoke in the chimney through the activated carbon with adsorption effect, the filtered smoke is discharged to the outside, air pollution is reduced, the activated carbon used for filtering can be automatically replaced at regular intervals, the operation is convenient and fast, the filtering efficiency is improved, in addition, the chimney is internally provided with the cleaning device, the activated carbon on the filter screen can be cleared through the cleaning device, smoke dust on the filter screen can be cleaned, the mesh opening fluidity of the filter screen is ensured, and the smoke discharging smoothness of the chimney is improved.
In the above manner, a person skilled in the art can make various changes depending on the operation mode within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. An environment-friendly chimney with a filtering function comprises a cylinder body; a ventilation cavity is arranged in the column body, an operation block is fixedly arranged on the upper end face of the column body, a filter cavity is arranged in the operation block and is communicated with the ventilation cavity, and a filter device is arranged in the filter cavity and comprises a filter screen; a cleaning device is arranged in the left end wall of the filter cavity and fixedly connected with the filter device, the cleaning device can clean the filter screen, and a power conversion device is arranged at the lower side of the cleaning device and provides power for the cleaning device; a charging device is arranged in the right end wall of the filter cavity and is in movable power connection with the power conversion device, the charging device comprises a charging pipe, a material storage cavity is arranged on the upper side of the power conversion device, activated carbon for filtering is placed in the material storage cavity, and the activated carbon in the material storage cavity is sprinkled on the filter screen through the charging pipe, so that smoke in the ventilation cavity is filtered through the filter screen when circulating from bottom to top; an installation rod is fixedly arranged between the left end wall and the right end wall of the filter cavity, a support rod is fixedly arranged on the installation rod, and a rain shielding cover is fixedly arranged on the support rod; the filter device comprises a folding groove arranged on the filter screen; a side baffle is rotationally arranged in the folding groove, and a rotating spring is fixedly arranged between the side baffle and the folding groove; four grooves are formed in the right side of the folding groove, the four grooves are symmetrically arranged in the front and back directions, rotating rods are rotatably arranged in the grooves, connecting rods are hinged between the left rotating rod and the right rotating rod, baffle cloth with folding elasticity is fixedly arranged between the lower end face of each connecting rod and the filter screen, and pressure springs are respectively arranged between the two rotating rods on the right side and the grooves; a recovery pipe is fixedly arranged on the right end wall of the filter cavity, the filter screen is abutted against the recovery pipe, a recovery cavity is arranged in the right end wall of the filter cavity, and the recovery pipe is communicated with the recovery cavity; the cleaning device comprises a cleaning cavity; the right side of the cleaning cavity is communicated with the filtering cavity, the lower side of the delivered cleaning cavity is communicated with a collecting cavity, the front end wall in the cleaning cavity is fixedly provided with a rotating motor, the front side of the rotating motor is provided with a radiating fin, the rear end of the rotating motor is provided with a rotating shaft in a power mode, a rotating wheel is fixedly arranged on the rotating shaft and fixedly connected with the filtering net, the rear side of the rotating wheel is fixedly provided with a shifting block on the rotating shaft, and the shifting block is abutted to the power conversion device; the rear side of the cleaning cavity is communicated with a lifting cavity, a rack is fixedly arranged on the rear end wall of the lifting cavity, a lifting screw is rotatably arranged in the lifting cavity, the lower end of the lifting screw is in power connection with the power conversion device, a lifting block is arranged on the lifting screw in a threaded manner, a meshing cavity is arranged in the lifting block, rotating gears which are bilaterally symmetrical and in meshing connection are arranged in the meshing cavity, a transmission shaft is fixedly arranged at the axis of the rotating gears, a cleaning assembly is arranged on the front side of the lifting block, and the transmission shaft is fixedly connected with the cleaning assembly; a transmission cavity is communicated with the rear side of the meshing cavity, the rear end of the transmission shaft on the right side extends into the transmission cavity and is fixedly provided with a first bevel gear, the left end of the first bevel gear is meshed with a second bevel gear, the left end surface of the second bevel gear is fixedly provided with a transmission gear, and the rear end of the transmission gear is meshed with the rack; the cleaning assembly includes a cleaning block; the rear end face of the cleaning block is fixedly connected with the lifting block, and a cleaning space which penetrates through the cleaning block up and down is arranged in the cleaning block; cleaning rotary grooves are communicated in the left end wall and the right end wall of the cleaning space, the front end of the transmission shaft is rotatably connected with the front end wall of the cleaning rotary groove, a cleaning rotating wheel is fixedly arranged on the transmission shaft in the cleaning rotary groove, and a cleaning brush is fixedly arranged on the cleaning rotating wheel; the power conversion device comprises a conversion cavity; a conversion block is arranged in the conversion cavity in a sliding mode, the lower end of the shifting block extends into the conversion cavity and abuts against the conversion block, a telescopic spring is fixedly arranged on the upper end face of the conversion block, a power motor is fixedly arranged in the conversion block, a spline sleeve is dynamically installed at the upper end of the power motor, the spline sleeve is connected with the lifting screw through a spline, and a power shaft is dynamically installed at the lower end of the power motor; a connecting cavity is communicated with the lower side of the conversion cavity, the lower end of the power shaft extends into the connecting cavity and is fixedly provided with a third bevel gear, the rear end of the third bevel gear is connected with a fourth bevel gear in a meshing manner, a gear rotating shaft is fixedly arranged at the center of the fourth bevel gear, and the gear rotating shaft is in power connection with the charging device; the charging device comprises a moving chamber; a moving block is arranged in the moving cavity in a sliding mode, a return spring is fixedly arranged between the rear end of the moving block and the moving cavity, a sliding cavity is arranged in the moving block, the charging pipe is arranged in the sliding cavity in a sliding mode, a circulating groove is arranged in the charging pipe, a feeding groove is communicated with the upper end wall of the circulating groove, the lower end face of the charging pipe is connected with an engaging gear in a meshing mode, a spline shaft is connected to the center of the engaging gear in a spline mode, and the front end of the spline shaft is rotatably connected with the front end wall of the moving cavity; a rotating cavity is communicated with the inside of the rear end wall of the moving cavity, a transmission device is arranged on the rear side of the rotating cavity, the rear end of the spline shaft penetrates through the rotating cavity and is in power connection with the transmission device, a first gear is fixedly arranged on the spline shaft in the rotating cavity, a second gear with a one-fourth tooth shape is meshed and connected with the lower side of the first gear, and a connecting shaft is fixedly arranged at the center of the second gear; a winding cavity is communicated with the inside of the front end wall of the moving cavity, the front end of the connecting shaft extends into the winding cavity and is fixedly provided with a reel, a pull rope is fixedly wound on the reel, a traction wheel is rotatably arranged in the winding cavity and is positioned at the upper side of the reel, the other end of the pull rope is fixedly connected with the moving block after being wound on the traction wheel, a fixed pipe is fixedly arranged on the right end surface of the operating block, and a contraction cavity is arranged in the fixed pipe; the moving cavity is communicated with the material storage cavity through a connecting groove; a connecting hose is fixedly arranged on the upper end wall of the connecting groove, the lower end of the connecting hose is fixedly connected to the moving block, and the connecting hose can be communicated with the feeding groove; the transmission comprises a belt cavity; the rear end of the spline shaft is rotationally connected with the rear end wall of the belt cavity, a belt rotating shaft is rotationally arranged in the belt cavity, and the belt rotating shaft is in power connection with the spline shaft through a belt; the belt cavity rear side leads to and is equipped with the switching-over chamber, belt pivot rear end stretches into the switching-over intracavity and has set firmly fifth bevel gear, the meshing of fifth bevel gear left end is connected with sixth bevel gear, gear pivot right-hand member stretch into the switching-over intracavity and with the sixth bevel gear links firmly.
CN201910733734.3A 2019-08-09 2019-08-09 Environment-friendly chimney with filtering capability Active CN110410810B (en)

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110743288B (en) * 2019-11-12 2020-08-11 襄阳恒净环保工程有限公司 Ventilation and dust removal system of chimney
CN111367364B (en) * 2020-03-30 2020-12-01 重庆建安仪器有限责任公司 Display screen storage device in humid environment
CN113552296B (en) * 2021-09-17 2021-12-03 海安嘉臣环境科技有限公司 High-altitude smoke emission continuous online monitoring system

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CN105617799A (en) * 2014-10-27 2016-06-01 东北师范大学 Activated carbon ball replacement system
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CN207546134U (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-06-29 江苏亿金环保科技有限公司 A kind of paint shop's fume collection processing unit
CN109595577A (en) * 2018-11-20 2019-04-09 黄佩媛 The environmentally friendly smoke exhaust barrel device of inner wall decontamination is used for waste gas residual heat heat cycles steam
CN109865414A (en) * 2019-03-18 2019-06-11 河北航天环境工程有限公司 A kind of novel absorbent charcoal desulfuring and denitrifying apparatus
CN109974020A (en) * 2019-04-26 2019-07-05 福建天下福环保科技有限公司 Environment protection chimney equipment

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2369232A1 (en) * 2010-03-23 2011-09-28 Gilles Heissat Device for protecting a smoke exhaust conduit against wind and/or rain, and corresponding cover
CN105617799A (en) * 2014-10-27 2016-06-01 东北师范大学 Activated carbon ball replacement system
CN205531613U (en) * 2016-01-12 2016-08-31 芜湖联丰机电有限责任公司 Chimney is used in electric motor rotor casting
CN207546134U (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-06-29 江苏亿金环保科技有限公司 A kind of paint shop's fume collection processing unit
CN109595577A (en) * 2018-11-20 2019-04-09 黄佩媛 The environmentally friendly smoke exhaust barrel device of inner wall decontamination is used for waste gas residual heat heat cycles steam
CN109865414A (en) * 2019-03-18 2019-06-11 河北航天环境工程有限公司 A kind of novel absorbent charcoal desulfuring and denitrifying apparatus
CN109974020A (en) * 2019-04-26 2019-07-05 福建天下福环保科技有限公司 Environment protection chimney equipment

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