CN110359403A - Road cleaner - Google Patents

Road cleaner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110359403A
CN110359403A CN201910682956.7A CN201910682956A CN110359403A CN 110359403 A CN110359403 A CN 110359403A CN 201910682956 A CN201910682956 A CN 201910682956A CN 110359403 A CN110359403 A CN 110359403A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
dust
storing box
material storing
road
road cleaner
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910682956.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
辛红彬
赵小军
孙妍
冯玉鹏
曹晓青
王秉旺
李泽智
郭孟光
贾永栓
申玉辰
李子波
辛佳毅
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Individual
Original Assignee
Individual
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to CN201910682956.7A priority Critical patent/CN110359403A/en
Publication of CN110359403A publication Critical patent/CN110359403A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/08Pneumatically dislodging or taking-up undesirable matter or small objects; Drying by heat only or by streams of gas; Cleaning by projecting abrasive particles
    • E01H1/0827Dislodging by suction; Mechanical dislodging-cleaning apparatus with independent or dependent exhaust, e.g. dislodging-sweeping machines with independent suction nozzles ; Mechanical loosening devices working under vacuum

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of road cleaner, it is related to cleaning equipment technology field, main purpose is to solve common road cleaner to be difficult to the technical issues of clearing up road dust.The road cleaner includes rack, clearing apparatus, transmission device and collection device is equipped in rack, clearing apparatus is for cleaning road debris and the communicated device of the sundries swept out being transported at collection device;Front end of rack bottom is provided with the first material storing box, and the first material storing box side is provided with dirt inlet, and clearing apparatus is arranged at dirt inlet, can clean ground sundries to the first material storing box;Transmission device is obliquely installed, and lower end is matched with the first material storing box, and upper end connects collection device.The road cleaner can directly be cleaned the dust on road surface to the first material storing box through dirt inlet by clearing apparatus, and the sundries in the first material storing box for being located at front end of rack is transported at collection device by transmission device, it is mainly used for road pavement dust and is cleaned.

Description

Road cleaner
Technical field
The present invention relates to equipment technology field is cleaned, more particularly, to a kind of road cleaner.
Background technique
During road construction, especially completes, before black top concrete topping, needed to road in roadbase construction The dust of substrate surface deposition is cleaned, to keep base's mineral aggregate largely exposed, while needing to keep road surface dry, with symbol Close subsequent processing construction requirement.The section for having pit slot, out-of-flatness first should be repaired and be flattened, if base's integral strength is insufficient, Ying Xianyu reinforcement.
At present during road construction, generally require to carry out by hand sweeping or traditional scavenging machine road pavement clear It sweeps.Traditional scavenging machine uses preposition bucket design, is mainly used for recycling rubble, the dust etc. on road surface, on recycling cleaning opportunity The power mechanism of device can raise road surface dust, and dust is additionally blown away by DC fan after falling in sub-surface, cause big model Fugitive dust is enclosed, it is very unfavorable to environmental improvement.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of road cleaners, difficult to solve road cleaner existing in the prior art The technical issues of to clear up road dust.Optimal technical scheme in many technical solutions provided by the invention can be generated all More technical effect elaborations as detailed below.
To achieve the above object, it the present invention provides a kind of road cleaner, including rack, is equipped in the rack clear Sweeping device, transmission device and collection device, the clearing apparatus is for cleaning the road debris and sundries swept out is communicated Device is transported at collection device;
The front end of rack bottom is provided with the first material storing box, and first material storing box side is provided with dirt inlet, described Clearing apparatus is arranged at the dirt inlet, for cleaning ground sundries to first material storing box;
The transmission device is obliquely installed along the plane vertical with the clearing apparatus, lower end and first material storing box It matches, upper end connects the collection device.
The road cleaner can directly be cleaned the dust on road surface to the first storing through dirt inlet by clearing apparatus In case, and the sundries in the first material storing box for being located at front end of rack is transported at collection device by transmission device, avoids raising Dirt.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, it is preferred that be provided with horizontal transferring device in first material storing box, being used for will be described Sundries in first material storing box is delivered at the transmission device.
Since certain side of the first material storing box is arranged in transmission device, there can be conveying unevenness when conveying sundries It is even, not in time the problem of, by the first material storing box be arranged horizontal transferring device can by be located at material storing box in dust it is equal The side of even slave material storing box is delivered to the other side, thus the case where avoiding side dust accumulation in the first material storing box.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, it is preferred that the clearing apparatus is horizontally disposed hairbrush, and the hairbrush lower end surface is worn It is bonded after crossing the dirt inlet with ground, the hairbrush both ends are fixedly connected with the dirt inlet and can revolve relative to dirt inlet Turn.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, it is preferred that negative pressure device, the negative pressure device energy are provided on first material storing box The hairbrush is enough avoided to occur dust raising phenomenon in cleaning process.
It is swept up but since hairbrush may have part dust during cleaning not as hairbrush enters first Situation in material storing box, therefore by the way that negative pressure device is arranged at the first material storing box, the dust raised can be sucked rack It is interior, avoid fugitive dust.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, it is preferred that inclined guide plate, the guide plate position are additionally provided at the dirt inlet In the hairbrush rotation direction.
In the hairbrush course of work, dust can be fallen from hairbrush when being promoted, and in order to avoid dust is fallen, be arranged into dirt There is a guide plate at mouthful, which is located exactly at hairbrush edge side.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, it is preferred that be provided with material tiling device in the collection device, be used for the biography The material for sending device to be delivered in the collection device is paved, and avoids accumulating.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, it is preferred that dust suction subassembly and dust cleaning case, the dust suction group are also equipped in the rack Part is located on the bottom surface of the central rack, and the dust cleaning case is located at the machine frame inside, the dust that the dust suction subassembly absorbs It is stored in the dust cleaning case.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, it is preferred that the dust suction subassembly includes positive-pressure nozzle and negative pressure tip, the positive pressure spray For blowing afloat ground dust, the negative pressure tip is used to suck the dust blown afloat in the dust cleaning case mouth.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, it is preferred that the positive-pressure nozzle and the negative pressure tip are arranged side by side.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, it is preferred that the dust cleaning case from top to bottom sets gradually as settling module, cyclone dust removal Module and filtering module.
Compared with the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of road cleaners, and the road cleaner is by being provided with hairbrush Clearing apparatus by the dust cleaning on road surface to the first material storing box, then the communicated device of above-mentioned material is transported to and is located at In the collection device of upper rack;In addition, occurring fugitive dust when in order to further avoid road cleaning, bottom of the frame setting is also set up There is dust suction subassembly, a negative pressure device is provided at clearing apparatus, above-mentioned two device can will be flown upward by negative pressure on road surface Dust draw and pass through settling module, cyclone dust removal module and filtering module and separate the dust being drawn and air simultaneously Excessive gas is discharged, dust is stored in dust cleaning case, to realize that road pavement cleans the technical effect without fugitive dust.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to more clearly explain the embodiment of the invention or the technical proposal in the existing technology, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technical description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only this Some embodiments of invention for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can be with It obtains other drawings based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 is the integral outer structural schematic diagram of road cleaner of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of internal structure of road cleaner of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the sectional view of frame front in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of the transmission device in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is the bottom view of dust suction subassembly in Fig. 1;
In figure: 1, clearing apparatus;2, transmission device;3, collection device;31, material tiling device;4, the first material storing box; 41, dirt inlet;42, horizontal transferring device;43, negative pressure device;44, guide plate;5, dust suction subassembly;51, positive-pressure nozzle;52, it bears Press suction nozzle;6, dust cleaning case;61, settling module;62, cyclone dust removal module;63, filtering module.
Specific embodiment
To make the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, technical solution of the present invention will be carried out below Detailed description.Obviously, described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Base Embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained all without making creative work Other embodiment belongs to the range that the present invention is protected.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that, term " center ", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", " length ", " width ", " thickness ", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outside", " up time The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as needle ", " counterclockwise " is based on attached orientation or positional relationship shown in FIG. 1, merely to just In description the present invention and simplify description, rather than the equipment of indication or suggestion meaning or element must have a particular orientation, with Specific orientation construction and operation, therefore be not considered as limiting the invention.
Attached drawing 1 is the integral outer structural schematic diagram of road cleaner of the present invention;It can be clearly seen that from the figure, road Road scavenging machine configuration and common sweeper are close, and the main distinction is that front of the car is provided with a clearing apparatus, should Clearing apparatus lower surface ground proximity, in addition, the clearing apparatus passes through the vehicle of an inclined transmission device and scavenging machine rear portion Compartment is connected;In addition, dust suction subassembly is additionally provided on the bottom surface of road cleaner, for avoiding fugitive dust.
Attached drawing 2 is the schematic diagram of internal structure of road cleaner of the present invention;It can be more clearly seen that from the figure Home position between the multiple and different structures of road scavenging machine, wherein the front end of rack is provided with the first material storing box, first storage Hopper and clearing apparatus are arranged side by side, and can hold the rubbish that clearing apparatus scans out, while being provided with level in the first material storing box Conveying device, the delivery end of horizontal transferring device are provided with transmission device, and transmission device can will be conveyed through horizontal transferring device The material come is transmitted at the collection device at rack rear portion, and the material tiling for the material that can tile is provided in collection device Device avoids material accumulation.In addition, the central rack is additionally provided with dust suction subassembly, which can be by the dirt on ground Soil picks up and in the dust cleaning case that is transported to beside collection device through conveyance conduit, and triple purifications dresses are provided in the dust cleaning case It sets, air can be purified, and dust is stored in dust cleaning case;In actual use, dust suction subassembly is as shown in Figure 2 A; When being provided with negative pressure device at the first material storing box, dust suction subassembly is connected and will bear with the negative pressure device being located at the first material storing box The dust that pressure device is drawn to also is stored in dust cleaning case, as shown in Fig. 2 B.
Attached drawing 3 is the sectional view of frame front in Fig. 1;Frame front is provided with the first material storing box and clearing apparatus, wherein Clearing apparatus is located at the dirt inlet of the first material storing box side, is additionally provided with guide plate, the rubbish that clearing apparatus is swept out at dirt inlet Rubbish is fallen into the first material storing box, is additionally provided with the horizontal transferring device that can transmit material in the first material storing box, corresponding diagram 2A and Not set negative pressure device in 2B, Fig. 3 A is provided with negative pressure device in Fig. 3 B.
Attached drawing 4 is the structural schematic diagram of the transmission device in Fig. 1;Transmission device is drag conveyor as shown in the figure, energy It is enough that easily the material in the first material storing box is transported at collection device.
Attached drawing 5 is the bottom view of dust suction subassembly in Fig. 1;From in figure, it can be seen that including positive-pressure nozzle from the dust suction subassembly With two kinds of negative pressure tip, wherein outside jet is under the driving of blower to blowing afloat the dust on ground for positive-pressure nozzle, negative pressure The suction nozzle dust that then general who has surrendered raises under the driving of relevant apparatus sucks in dust cleaning case.
As shown in Figs. 1-5, the present invention provides a kind of road cleaner, cleaning is installed in the rack of the road cleaner Device 1, transmission device 2 and the big component of collection device 3 three: clearing apparatus 1 is used for the sundries that cleans road debris and will sweep out Communicated device 2 is transported at collection device 3.
The specific location of above-mentioned various components is as follows:
Front end of rack bottom is provided with the first material storing box 4, and 4 side of the first material storing box is provided with dirt inlet 41, clearing apparatus 1 It is arranged at dirt inlet 41, which is along the horizontally disposed hairbrush of dirt inlet 41, and hairbrush lower end surface passes through dirt inlet 41 It is bonded afterwards with ground, hairbrush both ends are fixedly connected with dirt inlet 41 and can rotate relative to dirt inlet 41, therefore when hairbrush work Sundries on ground can be swept up and as rotation falls on sundries in the first material storing box 4;Transmission device 2 is located at clearing apparatus 1 side is separately connected the first material storing box 4 and collection device 3.
Specifically, when in use, needing for the first material storing box 4 to be arranged in the side of hairbrush rotation direction institute direction.
Specifically, being provided with horizontal transferring device 42 in the first material storing box 4, can be incited somebody to action when which works Sundries in first material storing box 4 is transported to one end where transmission device 2.
Since certain side of the first material storing box 4 is arranged in transmission device 2, there can be conveying unevenness when conveying sundries It is even, not in time the problem of, by the first material storing box 4 be arranged horizontal transferring device 42 can by be located at material storing box in dust It uniformly is delivered to the other side from the side of material storing box, thus the case where avoiding side dust accumulation in the first material storing box 4.
Horizontal transferring device 42 is flood dragon conveyer, also known as screw conveyor.Importantly, the width of horizontal transferring device 42 The inner wall length for spending the first material storing box 4 is consistent, so that the material in the first material storing box 4 all be conveyed out of first material storing box 4 To other end.
The road cleaner can directly be cleaned the dust on road surface to the first storage through dirt inlet 41 by clearing apparatus 1 In hopper 4, and the sundries in the first material storing box 4 for being located at front end of rack is transported at collection device 3 by transmission device 2, Avoid fugitive dust.
Optionally embodiment, collection device 3 are located at the middle part or rear portion of rack.
Due to hairbrush in rotation it is possible that dust cannot take up completely or the case where part dust is fallen, in order to subtract The generation of few such case, improves the working efficiency of clearing apparatus 1, optionally embodiment, and being arranged at dirt inlet 41 has One inclined guide plate 44, guide plate 44 are located at hairbrush rotation direction and are located exactly at hairbrush edge side.
Specifically, the guide plate 44 is S-shaped structure.
The communicated device 2 of the material that clearing apparatus 1 scans out is transported in collection device 3 and is deposited in the one of collection device 3 Side, the material accumulated in order to prevent fall or flow back, optionally embodiment, are arranged in collection device 3 and are provided with material Tiling device 31, the material tiling device 31 avoid heap for paving the material that transmission device 2 is delivered in collection device 3 Product.
Specifically, material tiling device 31 is flood dragon conveyer.
Since certain fugitive dust may be generated when hairbrush work, in order to solve the problems, such as fugitive dust, optionally embodiment party Formula is arranged in rack and is also equipped with dust suction subassembly 5 and dust cleaning case 6, and dust suction subassembly 5 is located on the bottom surface of central rack, dust cleaning case 6 Positioned at machine frame inside, the dust that dust suction subassembly 5 absorbs is stored in dust cleaning case 6.
Optionally embodiment, dust suction subassembly 5 include positive-pressure nozzle 51 and negative pressure tip 52, and positive-pressure nozzle 51 is used for Ground dust is blown afloat, in the dust sucking dust cleaning case 6 that negative pressure tip 52 is used to be blown afloat.
Specifically, for the ease of drawing the dust raised, positive-pressure nozzle 51 and negative pressure tip 52 are arranged side by side.
Also positive-pressure nozzle 51 can be set and be located at middle part, negative pressure tip 52 is arranged in the side of positive-pressure nozzle 51.
In addition, the operating angle of positive-pressure nozzle 51 is adjustable, it can be by adjusting positive-pressure nozzle 51 towards 52 institute of negative pressure tip It is arranged in direction, consequently facilitating negative pressure tip 52 draws the dust evoked when positive-pressure nozzle 51 works.
Specifically, the tilt angle of positive-pressure nozzle 51 can be 30-60 degree, optimum tilt angle is 45 degree.
It particularly to be noted that the air quantity that positive-pressure nozzle 51 is sprayed is less than the wind drawn when negative pressure tip 52 works Amount pollutes air in order to avoid dust leaks.
Specifically, the quantity of setting positive-pressure nozzle 51 is 15, the air quantity that when work generates is 1500-2600 m3/ h, The wind pressure of generation is about 1.5-3KPa;The quantity of negative pressure tip 52 can be adjusted according to the quantity of positive-pressure nozzle 51, be generated Air quantity is 4176-6720m3/ h, the wind pressure of generation are about 1.8-22KPa.
Optionally embodiment, dust cleaning case 6 are from top to bottom disposed with settling module 61, cyclone dust removal module 62 With filtering module 63.
Specifically, dust cleaning case 6 is from top to bottom there are three connected cavity, settling module 61 is a baffle arrangement, the baffle Structure separates two cavitys at 6 top of dust cleaning case, and a seam for running through baffle upper and lower surface is provided on baffle arrangement Gap, the gap can be located inside baffle arrangement, can also be between 6 inner sidewall of baffle and dust cleaning case, and the gap is for supplying The air for being mixed with dust flows into second chamber by the chamber for being located at 6 top of dust cleaning case through the gap, that is, is provided with whirlwind and removes In the chamber of dirt module 62.
During air passes through the gap, part dust is isolated by baffle, to be deposited in first chamber;Whirlwind Cyclone separator is provided in dedusting module 62, cyclone separator can be filtered the air for being mixed with dust and will be most of Dust separated from air;Processed air enters in third chamber and by the indoor filter module of third chamber is arranged in Block 63 carries out final filtration.Filtered air is discharged by centrifugal high pressure machine, and the dust under filtering stays in dust cleaning case 6.
Specifically, filter core used in filtering module 63 is made of overlay film filter cloth.The air that negative pressure tip 52 sucks is through upper It is discharged after stating three-stage filtration, dust stream is in dust cleaning case 6.
Since dust suction subassembly 5 needs ground proximity at work, but in order to avoid device when transfer equipment or transport It is impaired to need for dust suction subassembly 5 to be lifted certain height, therefore, there is a lifting device below setting rack, the dust suction subassembly 5 is solid Dingan County is on the lifting device and can move up and down under the drive of the lifting device.
Specifically, the lifting device can be hydraulically operated.
When due to hairbrush work, hairbrush can also raise certain dust at place, in order to solve the problems, such as hairbrush fugitive dust, make For optionally embodiment, it is arranged at the first material storing box 4 and is provided with a negative pressure device 43, which can be by hairbrush work As when the dust that raises pick up and be stored in rack.
Specifically, the negative pressure device 43 is located on the inner sidewall top surface of the first material storing box 4, and pass through pipeline and dust suction subassembly 5 are connected.
Generated air-flow is provided by blower when the work of positive-pressure nozzle 51, when negative pressure tip 52 and negative pressure device 43 work The suction of generation is provided by dust cleaning case 6.
At work, clearing apparatus 1 is hydraulically operated to work the road cleaner.
The above description is merely a specific embodiment, but scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto, any Those familiar with the art in the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, can easily think of the change or the replacement, and should all contain Lid is within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be based on the protection scope of the described claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of road cleaner, including rack, which is characterized in that be equipped in the rack clearing apparatus, transmission device and Collection device, the clearing apparatus is for cleaning road debris and the communicated device of the sundries swept out being transported to collection device Place;
The front end of rack bottom is provided with the first material storing box, and first material storing box side is provided with dirt inlet, the cleaning Device is arranged at the dirt inlet, for cleaning ground sundries to first material storing box;
The transmission device is obliquely installed along the plane vertical with the clearing apparatus, and lower end and first material storing box match It closes, upper end connects the collection device.
2. road cleaner according to claim 1, which is characterized in that be provided with horizontal feed in first material storing box Device, for the sundries in first material storing box to be delivered at the transmission device.
3. road cleaner according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the clearing apparatus is horizontally disposed hairbrush, The hairbrush lower end surface is bonded after passing through the dirt inlet with ground, and the hairbrush both ends are fixedly connected with the dirt inlet and energy It is rotated relative to dirt inlet.
4. road cleaner according to claim 3, which is characterized in that be provided with negative pressure dress on first material storing box It sets, the negative pressure device can be avoided the hairbrush and occur dust raising phenomenon in cleaning process.
5. road cleaner according to claim 3, which is characterized in that be additionally provided with inclined guiding at the dirt inlet Plate, the guide plate are located at the hairbrush rotation direction.
6. road cleaner according to claim 1, which is characterized in that be provided with material tiling dress in the collection device It sets, the material for the transmission device to be delivered in the collection device is paved, and avoids accumulating.
7. road cleaner according to claim 1, which is characterized in that be also equipped with dust suction subassembly in the rack and remove Dirt case, the dust suction subassembly are located on the bottom surface of the central rack, and the dust cleaning case is located at the machine frame inside, the dust suction The dust that component absorbs is stored in the dust cleaning case.
8. road cleaner according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the dust suction subassembly includes positive-pressure nozzle and negative pressure Suction nozzle, the positive-pressure nozzle remove described in the dust sucking that the negative pressure tip is used to be blown afloat for blowing afloat ground dust In dirt case.
9. road cleaner according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the positive-pressure nozzle and the negative pressure tip are side by side Setting.
10. road cleaner according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the dust cleaning case is from top to bottom disposed with Settling module, cyclone dust removal module and filtering module.
CN201910682956.7A 2019-07-26 2019-07-26 Road cleaner Pending CN110359403A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910682956.7A CN110359403A (en) 2019-07-26 2019-07-26 Road cleaner

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910682956.7A CN110359403A (en) 2019-07-26 2019-07-26 Road cleaner

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110359403A true CN110359403A (en) 2019-10-22

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910682956.7A Pending CN110359403A (en) 2019-07-26 2019-07-26 Road cleaner

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110359403A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113047135A (en) * 2021-04-01 2021-06-29 安徽虹达道路桥梁工程有限公司 Road engineering asphalt laying system and process

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113047135A (en) * 2021-04-01 2021-06-29 安徽虹达道路桥梁工程有限公司 Road engineering asphalt laying system and process
CN113047135B (en) * 2021-04-01 2022-04-22 安徽虹达道路桥梁工程有限公司 Road engineering asphalt laying system and process

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Application publication date: 20191022