CN110331663A - A kind of Bridge guardrail steel planting structure and its construction method - Google Patents

A kind of Bridge guardrail steel planting structure and its construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110331663A
CN110331663A CN201910723706.3A CN201910723706A CN110331663A CN 110331663 A CN110331663 A CN 110331663A CN 201910723706 A CN201910723706 A CN 201910723706A CN 110331663 A CN110331663 A CN 110331663A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
motor
fixed
turntable
contraband type
drilling
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CN201910723706.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
叶永斌
周杰士
黄宏斌
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Fujian Xingyan Construction Group Co Ltd
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Fujian Xingyan Construction Group Co Ltd
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Application filed by Fujian Xingyan Construction Group Co Ltd filed Critical Fujian Xingyan Construction Group Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910723706.3A priority Critical patent/CN110331663A/en
Publication of CN110331663A publication Critical patent/CN110331663A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01DCONSTRUCTION OF BRIDGES, ELEVATED ROADWAYS OR VIADUCTS; ASSEMBLY OF BRIDGES
    • E01D19/00Structural or constructional details of bridges
    • E01D19/10Railings; Protectors against smoke or gases, e.g. of locomotives; Maintenance travellers; Fastening of pipes or cables to bridges
    • E01D19/103Parapets, railings ; Guard barriers or road-bridges
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01DCONSTRUCTION OF BRIDGES, ELEVATED ROADWAYS OR VIADUCTS; ASSEMBLY OF BRIDGES
    • E01D21/00Methods or apparatus specially adapted for erecting or assembling bridges

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of Bridge guardrail steel planting structures, including mounting plate, Contraband type mounting rack, servo elevating mechanism and installation bucket, the upper end of the mounting plate is fixed with Contraband type mounting rack, the upper end of the Contraband type mounting rack is fixed with servo motor, the output shaft of the servo motor is fixed with screw rod, the screw rod transmission is connected with transmission nut, the transmission nut is embedded in the first mounting blocks, first mounting blocks are fixed with installation bucket, the installation bucket other side is fixed with the second mounting blocks, guide sleeve is equipped in second mounting blocks, guide rod is slidably connected in the guide sleeve, the top of the installation bucket is fixed with first motor, the first motor is connected with retarder, the retarder connects angled divider, shaft is fixed on the angle divider, the lower end of the shaft is fixed with turntable, the turntable Upper end is disposed with borehole drill construction, borehole cleaning mechanism, gum-filling mechanism and bar planting mechanism.Automatic bar planting is realized by above structure, improves working efficiency, save the cost.

Description

A kind of Bridge guardrail steel planting structure and its construction method
Technical field
The invention belongs to Green energy-saving buildings fields, and in particular to a kind of Bridge guardrail steel planting structure, while this hair It is bright that a kind of construction method of Bridge guardrail steel planting is also provided.
Background technique
Since China's Developing Energy-saving Construction is later, various aspects all owe maturation compared with European and American developed countries, and power-saving technology is arranged It grants standard also to fall behind relatively, but on the whole, super low energy consumption building, green building are the development trends of China's building.Green The class of construction is divided into main level, a star, two stars, three-star 4 grades, green building be combine place natural conditions and Building function demand carries out energy-saving design to the bodily form of building, plane figure, space scale, building enclosure etc., and should meet state Requirement of the family in relation to energy-saving design;Non-structural element, equipment and affiliated facility of building interior etc. should be connected firmly and adapt to Main structure deformation.
Bar planting is called effective reinforcement, is that anchoring utilizes structure glue locking key after a kind of reinforcing bar on building structure aseismatic reinforcing engineering The interconnection technique of grip force effect is the optimal selection of structure bar planting reinforcing with heavy load fastening applications.Embedding re-bar technique is one Item simpler and more direct, effective connection and anchorage technology for concrete structure, can plant regular reinforcement, also can plant bolt type anchor Muscle has been widely used in the strengthening and rebuilding engineering of existing building, such as: reinforcing bar is buried in leakage in construction or reinforcing bar deviates design position Remedy, the benefit muscle of members increase strengthened section, superstructure expands across, jacking to the spreading of beam, column, and overbuilding story connects column and height Layer building adds the bar planting etc. of shear wall.
Chemical method bar planting refers to drill on the substrates such as concrete, wall rock, is then injected into high-strength anchoring adhesive, is inserted into Reinforcing bar and substrate bonding, are integrated by reinforcing bar or profile after adhesive curing, are a kind of more common architectural engineerings of reinforcement and strengthening industry Technology, the installation of Bridge guardrail often uses chemically-planted steel bar method, but operating is entirely artificial progress, greatly reduces work effect Rate increases cost of labor, and rebar-planting quality disunity causes rebar-planting quality to decline, and reinforcing bar tie point fastness degree is low, Bridge guardrail Crash-protective characteristics, rigidity and overall stability need the increase of selection and/or other components from pouring material to improve, this It will definitely increase cost, and can greatly increase waste entrainment, do not meet Green energy-saving buildings requirement.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide the Bridge guardrail steel planting structure and its construction method of a kind of green building, with It solves to propose that the bar planting of bridge needs manual operation completely in above-mentioned background technique, working efficiency is low, rebar-planting quality is poor leads to bridge The crash-protective characteristics of beam guardrail, rigidity, the problem of overall stability difference.
To achieve the above object, present invention employs following technical solutions:
A kind of Bridge guardrail steel planting structure, including mounting plate, Contraband type mounting rack, servo elevating mechanism and installation bucket.
The upper end side of the mounting plate is fixed with Contraband type mounting rack, and the upper end side of the Contraband type mounting rack, which is fixed with, to be watched Motor is taken, the output shaft end of the servo motor is fixed with screw rod, the upper and lower ends and Contraband type of the screw rod by shaft coupling Mounting rack is rotatablely connected, and screw-driven is connected with transmission nut on the screw rod, and the transmission nut is embedded in the first mounting blocks Interior, the side of first mounting blocks is fixed with installation bucket, and the installation bucket is fixed with second far from the side of the first mounting blocks Mounting blocks, the inside of second mounting blocks are inlaid with guide sleeve, and guide rod is slidably connected in the guide sleeve, and the guide rod is solid It is scheduled on Contraband type mounting rack;
The top side of the installation bucket is fixed with first motor, and the output shaft of the first motor is sequentially connected with retarder, The angled divider of output shaft transmission connection of the retarder, the output shaft end of the angle divider are solid by shaft coupling Surely there is a shaft, the lower end of the shaft is fixed with turntable, equal angular on the outside of the upper end of the turntable to be disposed with brill Holes mechanism, borehole cleaning mechanism, gum-filling mechanism and bar planting mechanism.
Preferably, the borehole drill construction includes the second motor, and second motor is fixed on the outside of the upper end of turntable, described The output shaft end of second motor is fixed with the first connecting plate, and the lower end of first connecting plate is fixed with drill chuck head.
Preferably, the borehole cleaning mechanism includes dryer, and the dryer is fixed on the upper end side of turntable, the drying The outlet air aperture of machine is communicated with air compressor, and the air outlet of the air compressor is communicated with nozzle.
Preferably, the gum-filling mechanism includes glue-injection machine, and the glue-injection machine is fixed on the upper end side of turntable, the injecting glue The outlet of machine has injected rubber hose, and the injected rubber hose runs through turntable and extends to the lower section of turntable.
Preferably, the bar planting mechanism includes hydraulic cylinder, and the hydraulic cylinder is fixed on the upper end side of turntable, described hydraulic The piston rod end of cylinder is fixed with the second connecting plate, and third motor is fixed on second connecting plate, the third motor Output shaft end is fixed with third connecting plate, is fixed with oild chuck on the third connecting plate, second connecting plate it is upper End side is fixed with stop pin, and the stop pin runs through turntable and extends to the top of turntable, and the upper end end of the turntable is solid Surely there is limited block.
Preferably, the Basolateral of the installation bucket is fixed with round slider, and the round slider is sliding in round sliding rail Dynamic, the upper end of turntable is arranged in the circle sliding rail.
Preferably, protective cover is provided on the outside of the first motor, retarder and angle divider, the protective cover is solid It is scheduled on the upper end of installation bucket.
Preferably, the side of the Contraband type mounting rack is fixed with arm-rest frame, and the lower end of the arm-rest frame and mounting plate are fixed Together, the lower end corner location of the mounting plate is respectively and fixedly provided with self-locking universal wheel.
The present invention also provides a kind of construction methods of Bridge guardrail steel planting, specifically includes the following steps:
S1, addressing prepare: by arm-rest frame push whole device be moved to target position, and guarantee borehole drill construction be located at vehicle frame with Target position described in outer part face, then locks self-locking universal wheel;
S2, drilling prepare: starting servo motor rotates in the forward direction, and servo elevating mechanism control installation bucket (7) moves down, and installs Borehole drill construction on bucket drive turntable moves downward;
S3, automatic drilling: the second motor of the borehole drill construction in response to range sensor testing result and self-starting, second Motor drives drill chuck head rotation by the first connecting plate, and then the drill bit in drill chuck head realizes road pavement punching, until being formed pre- The drilling of depthkeeping degree;Then control servo motor reversely rotates, and borehole drill construction moves upwards, and second motor is in response to distance The testing result of sensor and be automatically stopped work, borehole drill construction continues up until reaching top dead-centre, and servo motor stops Only work;
S4, borehole cleaning prepare: starting first motor, and then first motor drives retarder work, and then the revolving speed quilt of first motor Retarder reduces, and retarder drives the work of angle divider, and angle divider is rotated by 90 ° i.e. one station of change, i.e. hole cleaning machine The nozzle length that structure goes to the position of borehole drill construction, and adjusts borehole cleaning mechanism is located at the surface of drilling;
S5, automatic hole-cleaning: starting dryer and air compressor make high temperature and high pressure gas spray to the bottom of drilling by nozzle, It removes the impurity in drilling and the moisture in drilling is dried;
S6, automatic injecting glue: being again started up first motor, and similarly turntable continues to rotate to next station, i.e. gum-filling mechanism is located at clear The position of holes mechanism, and the length for adjusting injected rubber hose is located at the surface of drilling, then starts glue-injection machine, glue-injection machine work Outside gluing, and then stop glue-injection machine work by injecting glue, after injecting glue in drilling;
S7, automatic bar planting: being again started up first motor, and similarly turntable continues to rotate a station, i.e. bar planting mechanism is located at injecting glue Then the position of mechanism starts hydraulic cylinder, and then the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder pushes the second connecting plate to move downward, and then second connects Fishplate bar drives third motor to move downward, while starting third motor, and then the work of third motor drives the rotation of third connecting plate, And then oild chuck rotation is driven, reinforcing bar is clamped in oild chuck, and then reinforcing bar rotation is moved downward and is inserted into bottom outlet, steel After muscle reaches predetermined depth, stops hydraulic cylinder and the work of third motor, then open oild chuck, and then reinforcing bar and hydraulic card Then disk separation makes the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder retract upwardly into home position, and then complete bar planting work:
S8, reset: next section of reinforcing bar to be implanted is inserted into oild chuck, and keeps oild chuck stuck, prevents reinforcing bar from falling off; Then it is again started up first motor, similarly turntable continues to rotate a station, i.e. borehole drill construction returns to initial position.
Above-mentioned steps S1-S8 can circuit sequentially work.
Technical effect and advantage of the invention: a kind of Bridge guardrail steel planting structure proposed by the present invention, with existing skill Art is compared, and is had the advantage that
1, the present invention drives screw rod rotation by servo motor, and the rotation driving transmission nut of screw rod moves up and down along screw rod, into And driving the first mounting blocks to move up and down, and then the first mounting blocks drive installation bucket to move up and down, the lower end rotation for installing bucket connects Be connected to turntable, and then realize moving up and down for turntable, be disposed with borehole drill construction on turntable, borehole cleaning mechanism, gum-filling mechanism and Bar planting mechanism, so driven by rotary disc they realize and perforated surfaces between distance change, realize bar planting work, structure is simple, makes With convenient, raising working efficiency;
2, for the present invention by the way that angled divider is arranged on the top of installation bucket, angle divider is four station dividers, angle The output shaft of divider is fixedly connected with turntable, and borehole drill construction, borehole cleaning mechanism, gum-filling mechanism and bar planting are disposed on turntable Mechanism drives turntable to realize the change of station under the driving of angle divider, and then realizes borehole drill construction, borehole cleaning mechanism, note The successively rotation of gluing mechanism and bar planting mechanism successively realizes that punching, borehole cleaning, injecting glue and bar planting work improve without human intervention Working efficiency, reduces cost of labor;And borehole accuracy can greatly be improved, so as to ensure bar planting position precision, The error range of the position and its desired location that make every reinforcing bar reaches in 5mm, and is the side using the automatic bar planting of motor driven Formula compares manual type, it can be ensured that bar planting position reaches desired location, prevents reinforcing bar from not leading position, or phenomena such as deformation;It is based on This, bar planting structure coordinative construction method of the invention can significantly improve the stable connection degree of Bridge guardrail reinforcing bar, after making molding Bridge guardrail have excellent bearing capacity, crash-protective characteristics and overall stability.
3, cooperate bar planting structure of the invention that also there is construction method, product after molding can not only be made to have as a result, Excellent physical property;In addition, also can be avoided using other pouring materials the stability for ensuring Bridge guardrail when construction, drop Low pollution reduces energy consumption, and it is convenient to remove, and Bridge guardrail largely belongs to recyclable material, and material availability is high after dismounting, The generation of waste material can be reduced.
4, Bridge guardrail of the invention with the contact point of bridge also can use pouring material further increase connect it is steady It is qualitative, carried using bridge and absorb the impulsive contact force etc. that is carried of guardrail, and pouring material satisfaction can be used ready-mixed concrete or The form of person's premixing mortar meets the requirement of energy saving building.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is installation bucket top structure figure of the invention;
Fig. 3 is installation bucket internal structure chart one of the invention;
Fig. 4 is turntable upper end formation figure of the invention;
Fig. 5 is installation bucket internal structure chart two of the invention.
Appended drawing reference: 1, mounting plate;2, Contraband type mounting rack;3, servo motor;4, screw rod;5, transmission nut;6, the first peace Fill block;7, bucket is installed;8, the second mounting blocks;9, guide sleeve;10, guide rod;11, first motor;12, retarder;13, angle is divided Device;14, shaft;15, turntable;16, borehole drill construction;161, the second motor;162, the first connecting plate;163, drill chuck head;17, borehole cleaning Mechanism;171, dryer;172, air compressor;173, nozzle;18, gum-filling mechanism;181, glue-injection machine;182, injected rubber hose;19, Bar planting mechanism;191, hydraulic cylinder;192, the second connecting plate;193, third motor;194, third connecting plate;195, oild chuck; 196, stop pin;197, limited block;20, round slider;21, round sliding rail;22, protective cover;23, arm-rest frame;24, self-locking universal Wheel.
Specific embodiment
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Herein Described specific embodiment is only used to explain the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, Every other embodiment obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts, belongs to this hair The range of bright protection.
The present invention provides a kind of Bridge guardrail steel planting structures as shown in Figs. 1-5, including mounting plate 1, Contraband type to pacify Shelve 2, servo elevating mechanism and installation bucket 7.
Shown in Fig. 1, the mounting plate 1 is the horizontal rectangular plate apart from ground certain altitude, and the upper end side is fixed with Contraband Type mounting rack 2, the other side are fixed with arm-rest frame 23, between the Contraband type mounting rack 2 and arm-rest frame 23 by more connecting rods into Row connection, to form the body frame structure for automotive of stable structure.
The top side of the Contraband type mounting rack 2 is fixed with servo motor 3, and the output shaft of the servo motor 3 runs through institute The top of Contraband type mounting rack 2 is stated, the inside of the Contraband type mounting rack 2 is equipped with servo elevating mechanism, preferably, the Contraband type is pacified It shelves and offers sliding slot on the inner wall of 2 opposite sides.
Shown in Fig. 2, the servo elevating mechanism include screw rod 4, transmission nut 5, the first mounting blocks 6, the second mounting blocks 8, Guide sleeve 9 and guide rod 10, wherein the screw rod 4 is fixed on the output shaft end of the servo motor 3 by shaft coupling, described The upper and lower ends and Contraband type mounting rack 2 of screw rod 4 are rotatablely connected, and screw-driven is connected with transmission nut 5 on the screw rod 4, described Transmission nut 5 is embedded in the first mounting blocks 6, and first mounting blocks 6 are slidably connected at the 2 side inner wall of Contraband type mounting rack Sliding slot in, symmetrical, second mounting blocks 8 are slidably connected in the sliding slot of 2 other side inner wall of Contraband type mounting rack, The inside of second mounting blocks 8 is inlaid with guide sleeve 9, and guide rod 10 is slidably connected in the guide sleeve 9, the guide rod 10 Upper and lower side is each attached on Contraband type mounting rack 2.
When servo motor 3 rotates in the forward direction, screw rod 4 is driven to rotate counterclockwise, and then the driving of screw rod 4 is connect with its screw-driven Transmission nut 5 moved downward along screw rod 4, and then the first mounting blocks 6 and the second mounting blocks 8 is driven to move downwardly together, conversely, When servo motor 3 reversely rotates, the first mounting blocks 6 and the second mounting blocks 8 are moved upwardly together.
The installation bucket 7 is both ends with the barrel-shaped of hangers, and the hangers of one end is first installation being fixedly connected Block 6, the hangers of the other end are second mounting blocks 8 being fixedly connected, and are suspended on by the servo elevating mechanism described The centre of Contraband type mounting rack 2, the outer diameter of the installation bucket 7 are the 60%-88% of 2 inner width of Contraband type mounting rack, the peace The 1/3 to 1/2 of 7 volume of barrelling is located at other than the vehicle frame.
The top surface side of the installation bucket 7 is fixed with first motor 11, the output shaft transmission connection of the first motor 11 There are retarder 12, the angled divider 13 of output shaft transmission connection of the retarder 12, the output of the angle divider 13 Axis is through the top surface of the installation bucket 7.
Shown in Fig. 3 and 4, the output shaft end of the angle divider 13 is fixed with shaft 14 by shaft coupling, and described turn The lower end of axis 14 is fixed with turntable 15, is disposed with borehole drill construction close to circumference is equal angular on the turntable 15 16, borehole cleaning mechanism 17, gum-filling mechanism 18 and bar planting mechanism 19, it is preferable that it is described angularly be 90 °, with guarantee whenever institute It states the 1/3 to 1/2 of installation 7 volume of bucket and is located at the vehicle frame with outer portion for the borehole drill construction 16, borehole cleaning mechanism 17, glue-injection machine Any of structure 18 and bar planting mechanism 19, and the angle divider 13 control the turntable 15 rotational order can only be by The sequence of the rotating forward other than the vehicle frame is successively produced according to borehole drill construction 16, borehole cleaning mechanism 17, gum-filling mechanism 18 and bar planting mechanism 19 It carries out, under normal circumstances, the borehole drill construction 16, which is used as, is located at the vehicle frame with outer portion.
Specifically, the borehole drill construction 16 includes the second motor 161 and range sensor, and second motor 161 is fixed On the outside of the upper end of turntable 15, the output shaft end of second motor 161 is fixed with the first connecting plate 162, and described first connects The lower end of fishplate bar 162 is fixed with drill chuck head 163, it is preferable that 163 removable and replaceable of drill chuck head, the range sensor For detecting distance of the drill chuck head 163 apart from ground, when the distance is less than or equal to 2cm, second motor 161 opens certainly It is dynamic;When the distance is greater than 2cm, second motor 161 is automatically stopped, thus realize the automatic punching of road pavement, structure letter Single, operation is easy, and work efficiency is high.
Specifically, the borehole cleaning mechanism 17 includes dryer 171, and the dryer 171 is fixed on the upper end one of turntable 15 Side, the outlet air aperture of the dryer 171 are communicated with air compressor 172, and the air outlet of the air compressor 172 is communicated with Nozzle 173, it is preferable that the adjustable in length of the nozzle 173, removable and replaceable.Impurity in bottom outlet is removed in realization, and right Moisture is dried in bottom outlet, improves the cleannes of bottom outlet.
Specifically, the gum-filling mechanism 18 includes glue-injection machine 181, and the glue-injection machine 181 is fixed on the upper end one of turntable 15 Side, the outlet of the glue-injection machine 181 have injected rubber hose 182, and the injected rubber hose 182 is through turntable 15 and extends to turntable 15 Lower section, the adjustable in length of the injected rubber hose 182.Realize that structure is simple, and work efficiency is high to bottom outlet inside injecting glue.
Specifically, the bar planting mechanism 19 includes hydraulic cylinder 191, and the hydraulic cylinder 191 is fixed on the upper end one of turntable 15 Side, the piston rod end of the hydraulic cylinder 191 are fixed with the second connecting plate 192, are fixed with third on second connecting plate 192 Motor 193, the output shaft end of the third motor 193 are fixed with third connecting plate 194, consolidate on the third connecting plate 194 Surely there is oild chuck 195, the upper end side of second connecting plate 192 is fixed with stop pin 196, and the stop pin 196 runs through The upper end end of turntable 15 and the lower section for extending to turntable 15, the turntable 15 is fixed with limited block 197, for preventing described turn Disk 15 takes a turn for the worse.It realizes that the bar planting to bottom outlet works, without human intervention, improves working efficiency.
Shown in Fig. 5, the outer side bottom surface of the installation bucket 7 is fixed with round slider 20, and the round slider 20 is in concentric stroking The upper end of turntable 15 is arranged in sliding in rail 21, the circle sliding rail 21.The friction reduced between installation bucket 7 and turntable 15 hinders Power reduces energy consumption, economizes on resources.
Specifically, the outside of the first motor 11, retarder 12 and angle divider 13 is provided with protective cover 22, described Protective cover 22 is fixed on the upper end of installation bucket 7.The setting of protective cover 22 makes first motor 11, retarder 12 and angle divider 13 It is isolated from the outside world, avoids the entrance of external foreign matter, play isolation, protective effect.
Specifically, the lower end of the arm-rest frame 23 and mounting plate 1 are fixed together, the lower end quadrangle position of the mounting plate 1 It sets and is respectively and fixedly provided with self-locking universal wheel 24.The setting of arm-rest frame 23, which facilitates, carries out position movement, self-locking universal wheel with hand pushing meanss 24 setting facilitates the movement and fixation of device, improves the mobility and flexibility of device.
The present invention also provides a kind of construction methods of Bridge guardrail steel planting, specifically includes the following steps:
S1, addressing prepare: firstly, unlocking self-locking universal wheel 24, pushing whole device (body frame structure for automotive) mobile by arm-rest frame 23 To target position, and guarantee target position described in part face that the borehole drill construction 16 is located at other than the vehicle frame, then locks Dead self-locking universal wheel 24, avoiding device is displaced during the work time;
S2, drilling prepare: starting servo motor 3 rotates in the forward direction it, and servo motor 3 drives screw rod 4 to rotate counterclockwise, Jin Ersi Bar 4 drives the transmission nut 5 connecting with its screw-driven to move downward along screw rod 4, and then drives the first mounting blocks 6 fortune downwards It is dynamic, and then the first mounting blocks 6 drive installation bucket 7 to move downward along guide rod 10, and then install bucket 7 and turntable 15 is driven to transport downwards It is dynamic, and then turntable 15 drives borehole drill construction 16 to move downward;
S3, automatic drilling: when range sensor detects that distance of the drill chuck head 163 apart from ground is less than or equal to 2cm, the brill 161 self-starting of the second motor of holes mechanism 16, the second motor 161 drive drill chuck head 163 to rotate by the first connecting plate 162, bore Drill bit is installed, and then drill chuck head 163 drives bit, continues to move down with turntable 15, drill bit and ground on clamp 163 It contacts and moves down, and then drill bit is realized ground and punched, until forming the drilling of predetermined depth;Then servo motor is controlled 3 reversely rotate, and borehole drill construction 16 moves upwards, when range sensor detects that distance of the drill chuck head 163 apart from ground is greater than 2cm When, second motor 161 is automatically stopped work, and borehole drill construction 16 continues up until reaching top dead-centre, servo motor 3 It stops working;
S4, borehole cleaning prepare: starting first motor 11, and then first motor 11 drives retarder 12 to work, and then first motor 11 Revolving speed be decelerated device 12 reduction, retarder 12 drive angle divider 13 work, angle divider 13 be rotated by 90 ° i.e. change one A station, borehole cleaning mechanism 17 go to the position of borehole drill construction 16 under the rotation of turntable 15, and adjust the nozzle of borehole cleaning mechanism 17 173 are located at the surface of drilling;
S5, automatic hole-cleaning: starting dryer 171 and air compressor 172, dryer 171 to air heated subsequently into Into air compressor 172, air compressor 172 compresses air, and then air pressure increases, and then compressed gas is logical It crosses nozzle 173 and sprays to foot of hole, and then the impurity in drilling is sprayed by high pressure gas, while the higher high pressure gas pair of temperature Moisture in drilling is dried, and stops dryer 171 after borehole cleaning and air compressor 172 works;
S6, automatic injecting glue: being again started up first motor 11, and similarly turntable 15 continues to rotate to next station, i.e. gum-filling mechanism 18 Positioned at the position of borehole cleaning mechanism 17, and the length for adjusting injected rubber hose 182 is located at the surface of drilling, then starts glue-injection machine 181, glue-injection machine 181 works outside gluing, and then by injecting glue in drilling, stops glue-injection machine 181 after injecting glue and work;
S7, automatic bar planting: being again started up first motor 11, and similarly turntable 15 continues to rotate a station, i.e. 19, bar planting mechanism In the position of gum-filling mechanism 18, then start hydraulic cylinder 191, and then hydraulic cylinder 191 piston rod push the second connecting plate 192 to Lower movement, and then the second connecting plate 192 drives third motor 193 to move downward, while starting third motor 193, and then third The work of motor 193 drives third connecting plate 194 to rotate, and then oild chuck 195 is driven to rotate, and is clamped in oild chuck 195 Reinforcing bar, and then reinforcing bar rotation is moved downward and is inserted into drilling, after reinforcing bar reaches predetermined depth, stops hydraulic cylinder 191 and third Motor 193 works, and then opens oild chuck 195, and then reinforcing bar is separated with oild chuck 195, then makes hydraulic cylinder 191 Piston rod retracts upwardly into home position, and then completes bar planting work;
S8, reset: next section of reinforcing bar to be implanted is inserted into oild chuck 195, and keeps oild chuck 195 stuck, prevents steel Muscle falls off;Then it is again started up first motor 11, similarly turntable 15 continues to rotate a station, i.e. borehole drill construction 16 returns to initially Position, to realize a circulation.
Preferably, it opens the mobile whole device of self-locking universal wheel 24 and reaches next bar planting position, lock self-locking universal wheel 24, Above-mentioned steps S1-S8 is recycled, work is circuited sequentially, completes automatic bar planting, and rebar-planting quality is consistent, it is high-efficient.
In step s6, the injecting glue material in the glue-injection machine is fine by concrete, cementitious material, accelerator, curing agent Dimension material mixes;The cementitious material, accelerator, curing agent, fibrous material ratio be 7:5:1:2:3;Wherein:
The cementitious material includes waterglass ammonium fluosilicate coagulation body, plaster concrete, magnesium oxychloride cementing material, tufa stone glue One of gel material is a variety of.
The fibrous material includes glass fibre 20-40%, sisal fiber 30-50% and phenolic fibre 25-40%.
Injecting glue material of the invention has good foaming effect as a result, and lower surface tension can increase concrete Density, reduce vacuole, enhance injecting glue material tension, bending strength, improve cracking resistance, shock resistance, antiknock ability, hit When hitting, it is not easy loosely, the pulling force of injecting glue material to can be improved using fibrous material, reinforces toughness, and note can be further increased Glue material and concrete, the connection effect for being implanted into reinforcing bar, consolidate the implantation point of reinforcing bar more solid.
Finally, it should be noted that the foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is not intended to restrict the invention, Although the present invention is described in detail referring to the foregoing embodiments, for those skilled in the art, still may be used To modify the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments or equivalent replacement of some of the technical features, All within the spirits and principles of the present invention, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on should be included in of the invention Within protection scope.
Using the guardrail formed after Bridge guardrail steel planting equipment bar planting of the invention, according to existing " highway communication Safety devices design specification (JTG D81-2017) " and " highway traffic safety facilities design detailed rules and regulations (JTG/T D81-2017) " Determine that anti-collision level is SS grades, the utilization rate of reinforcing bar can reduce 10-14%;Anti-collision level is SA grades, the utilization rate of reinforcing bar 10-20% can be reduced;Anti-collision level is SB grades, and the utilization rate of reinforcing bar can reduce 15-25%;Anti-collision level is A grades, steel The utilization rate of muscle can reduce 30-40%;Anti-collision level is B grades, and the utilization rate of reinforcing bar can reduce by 30% or so, and, coagulation The utilization rate of soil can at least reduce 40% or so;In above several guardrails, in the concrete wall type guard rail of median strip laterally Reinforcing bar is all made of the HRB400 grade reinforcing bar that diameter is 16mm, and longitudinal reinforcement is all made of the HRB400 grade reinforcing bar that diameter is 14mm.By As it can be seen that this is using bridge railing guardrail produced by the present invention, can reduce material while meeting high strength anti-collision grade Utilization rate, be not only reinforcing bar, the utilization rate that can more reduce by 50% or so concrete also can while cost is reduced The generation of waste material is reduced, the specific gravity of product entirety recoverable material is greater than the specific gravity of not recyclable waste material, belongs to green section It can environment protection architecture.
In addition, steel planting structure of the invention, high degree of automation, collection automatic drilling, automatic hole-cleaning, automatic glue filling, Automatic bar planting etc. is integrated, and can be applied to the bridge bar planting operation of most models, but be not only limited to this, it is clear that It can be applied to the guardrail bar planting operation of municipal highway etc..

Claims (10)

1. a kind of Bridge guardrail steel planting structure, including mounting plate (1), Contraband type mounting rack (2), servo elevating mechanism and installation Bucket (7), it is characterised in that:
The upper end side of the mounting plate (1) is fixed with Contraband type mounting rack (2), and the other side is fixed with arm-rest frame (23), the two it Between by connecting rod connect, form the body frame structure for automotive of stable structure;
The upper end side of the Contraband type mounting rack (2) is fixed with servo motor (3), the inside installation of the Contraband type mounting rack (2) There is the servo elevating mechanism;
Installation bucket (7) is suspended on the centre of the Contraband type mounting rack (2), the installation bucket by the servo elevating mechanism (7) outer diameter is the 60%-88% of Contraband type mounting rack (2) inner width, and the 1/3 to 1/2 of described installation bucket (7) volume is located at Other than the vehicle frame;
The top surface side of installation bucket (7) is fixed with first motor (11), and the output shaft of the first motor (11), which is driven, to be connected It is connected to retarder (12), the angled divider (13) of output shaft transmission connection of the retarder (12), the angle divider (13) output shaft end is fixed with shaft (14) by shaft coupling, and the lower end of the shaft (14) is fixed with turntable (15), on the turntable (15) it is equal angular be disposed with borehole drill construction (16), borehole cleaning mechanism (17), gum-filling mechanism (18) and Bar planting mechanism (19);
The servo elevating mechanism moves up and down for realizing installation bucket (7), thus turntable described in adjust automatically (15) On borehole drill construction (16), borehole cleaning mechanism (17), gum-filling mechanism (18) and the distance between bar planting mechanism (19) and surface drilling.
2. a kind of Bridge guardrail steel planting structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the servo elevating mechanism Including screw rod (4), transmission nut (5), the first mounting blocks (6), the second mounting blocks (8), guide sleeve (9) and guide rod (10);
The screw rod (4) is fixed on the output shaft end of the servo motor (3) by shaft coupling, the screw rod (4) up and down Both ends and Contraband type mounting rack (2) are rotatablely connected, and screw-driven is connected with transmission nut (5) on the screw rod (4), the transmission spiral shell Female (5) are embedded in the first mounting blocks (6), and first mounting blocks (6) are slidably connected in Contraband type mounting rack (2) side Symmetrical in the sliding slot of wall, the second mounting blocks (8) are slidably connected at the sliding slot of Contraband type mounting rack (2) other side inner wall In, the inside of second mounting blocks (8) is inlaid with guide sleeve (9), slidably connects guide rod (10), institute in the guide sleeve (9) Guide rod (10) is stated to be fixed on Contraband type mounting rack (2).
3. a kind of Bridge guardrail steel planting structure according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: the installation bucket (7) It is both ends with the barrel-shaped of hangers, the hangers of one end is first mounting blocks (6) being fixedly connected, and the hangers of the other end is Second mounting blocks (8) being fixedly connected.
4. a kind of Bridge guardrail steel planting structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the borehole drill construction (16) Including the second motor (161) and range sensor, second motor (161) is fixed on the outside of the upper end of turntable (15), described The output shaft end of second motor (161) is fixed with the first connecting plate (162), and the lower end of first connecting plate (162) is fixed There are drill chuck head (163);
The range sensor is for detecting distance of the drill chuck head (163) apart from ground, when the distance is less than or equal to 2cm When, the second motor (161) self-starting;When the distance is greater than 2cm, second motor (161) is automatically stopped.
5. a kind of Bridge guardrail steel planting structure according to claim 1-4, it is characterised in that: the borehole cleaning Mechanism (17) includes dryer (171), and the dryer (171) is fixed on the upper end side of turntable (15), the dryer (171) outlet air aperture is communicated with air compressor (172), and the air outlet of the air compressor (172) is communicated with nozzle (173).
6. a kind of Bridge guardrail steel planting structure according to claim 1-5, it is characterised in that: the injecting glue Mechanism (18) includes glue-injection machine (181), and the glue-injection machine (181) is fixed on the upper end side of turntable (15), the glue-injection machine (181) outlet has injected rubber hose (182), and the injected rubber hose (182) is through turntable (15) and extends under turntable (15) Side.
7. a kind of Bridge guardrail steel planting structure according to claim 1-6, it is characterised in that: the bar planting Mechanism (19) includes hydraulic cylinder (191), and the hydraulic cylinder (191) is fixed on the upper end side of turntable (15), the hydraulic cylinder (191) piston rod end is fixed with the second connecting plate (192), is fixed with third motor on second connecting plate (192) (193), the output shaft end of the third motor (193) is fixed with third connecting plate (194), the third connecting plate (194) On be fixed with oild chuck (195), the upper end side of second connecting plate (192) is fixed with stop pin (196), the anti-rotation Pin (196) runs through turntable (15) and extends to the lower section of turntable (15), and the upper end end of the turntable (15) is fixed with limited block (197).
8. a kind of Bridge guardrail steel planting structure according to claim 1-7, it is characterised in that: the installation The Basolateral of bucket (7) is fixed with round slider (20), the round slider (20) sliding, circle in round sliding rail (21) Shape sliding rail (21) is arranged in the upper end of turntable (15).
9. a kind of Bridge guardrail steel planting structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the first motor (11), it is provided with protective cover (22) on the outside of retarder (12) and angle divider (13), the protective cover (22) is fixed on peace The upper end of barrelling (7).
10. a kind of construction method of -9 described in any item Bridge guardrail steel plantings according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: Specifically includes the following steps:
S1, addressing prepare: by arm-rest frame push whole device be moved to target position, and guarantee borehole drill construction be located at vehicle frame with Target position described in outer part face, then locks self-locking universal wheel;
S2, drilling prepare: starting servo motor rotates in the forward direction, and servo elevating mechanism control installation bucket (7) moves down, and installs Borehole drill construction on bucket drive turntable moves downward;
S3, automatic drilling: the second motor of the borehole drill construction in response to range sensor testing result and self-starting, second Motor drives drill chuck head rotation by the first connecting plate, and then the drill bit in drill chuck head realizes road pavement punching, until being formed pre- The drilling of depthkeeping degree;Then control servo motor reversely rotates, and borehole drill construction moves upwards, and second motor is in response to distance The testing result of sensor and be automatically stopped work, borehole drill construction continues up until reaching top dead-centre, and servo motor stops Only work;
S4, borehole cleaning prepare: starting first motor, and then first motor drives retarder work, and then the revolving speed quilt of first motor Retarder reduces, and retarder drives the work of angle divider, and angle divider is rotated by 90 ° i.e. one station of change, i.e. hole cleaning machine The nozzle length that structure goes to the position of borehole drill construction, and adjusts borehole cleaning mechanism is located at the surface of drilling;
S5, automatic hole-cleaning: starting dryer and air compressor make high temperature and high pressure gas spray to the bottom of drilling by nozzle, It removes the impurity in drilling and the moisture in drilling is dried;
S6, automatic injecting glue: being again started up first motor, and similarly turntable continues to rotate to next station, i.e. gum-filling mechanism is located at clear The position of holes mechanism, and the length for adjusting injected rubber hose is located at the surface of drilling, then starts glue-injection machine, glue-injection machine work Outside gluing, and then stop glue-injection machine work by injecting glue, after injecting glue in drilling;
S7, automatic bar planting: being again started up first motor, and similarly turntable continues to rotate a station, i.e. bar planting mechanism is located at injecting glue Then the position of mechanism starts hydraulic cylinder, and then the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder pushes the second connecting plate to move downward, and then second connects Fishplate bar drives third motor to move downward, while starting third motor, and then the work of third motor drives the rotation of third connecting plate, And then oild chuck rotation is driven, reinforcing bar is clamped in oild chuck, and then reinforcing bar rotation is moved downward and is inserted into bottom outlet, steel After muscle reaches predetermined depth, stops hydraulic cylinder and the work of third motor, then open oild chuck, and then reinforcing bar and hydraulic card Then disk separation makes the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder retract upwardly into home position, and then complete bar planting work.
CN201910723706.3A 2019-08-07 2019-08-07 A kind of Bridge guardrail steel planting structure and its construction method Pending CN110331663A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113123253A (en) * 2021-03-10 2021-07-16 西安理工大学 Bridge bar planting reinforcing equipment

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20110073036A (en) * 2009-12-23 2011-06-29 재단법인 포항산업과학연구원 Continuous girder bridge having composite non-uniform section structure and construction method the same
CN107142872A (en) * 2017-06-05 2017-09-08 成荣鹏 Highway barrier Rebar bonding device and its construction method
CN109944154A (en) * 2019-04-16 2019-06-28 福建省兴岩建材有限公司 A kind of Bridge guardrail steel planting structure and its construction method

Patent Citations (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20110073036A (en) * 2009-12-23 2011-06-29 재단법인 포항산업과학연구원 Continuous girder bridge having composite non-uniform section structure and construction method the same
CN107142872A (en) * 2017-06-05 2017-09-08 成荣鹏 Highway barrier Rebar bonding device and its construction method
CN109944154A (en) * 2019-04-16 2019-06-28 福建省兴岩建材有限公司 A kind of Bridge guardrail steel planting structure and its construction method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113123253A (en) * 2021-03-10 2021-07-16 西安理工大学 Bridge bar planting reinforcing equipment

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Application publication date: 20191015