CN110270402A - A kind of fixed-end forces shearing-crushing device being able to carry out fines collection - Google Patents

A kind of fixed-end forces shearing-crushing device being able to carry out fines collection Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110270402A
CN110270402A CN201910513275.8A CN201910513275A CN110270402A CN 110270402 A CN110270402 A CN 110270402A CN 201910513275 A CN201910513275 A CN 201910513275A CN 110270402 A CN110270402 A CN 110270402A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
apparatus body
carry out
fixed
feeding cylinder
transmission device
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201910513275.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110270402B (en
Inventor
刘鹏
王珂
赵轩
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Henan Institute of Technology
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Henan Institute of Technology
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Priority to CN201910513275.8A priority Critical patent/CN110270402B/en
Publication of CN110270402A publication Critical patent/CN110270402A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110270402B publication Critical patent/CN110270402B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/0084Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • B02C18/145Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers with knives spaced axially and circumferentially on the periphery of a cylindrical rotor unit
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/04Safety devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • B02C4/08Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers with co-operating corrugated or toothed crushing-rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/286Feeding devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B15/00Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area
    • B08B15/04Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area from a small area, e.g. a tool
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • B02C2023/165Screen denying egress of oversize material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The invention belongs to a kind of fixed-end forces shearing-crushing devices for being able to carry out fines collection;Including apparatus body, apparatus body internal upper part side is equipped with crusher chamber, apparatus body internal upper part other side rear portion is equipped with placing groove, the front of the apparatus body internal upper part other side is equipped with accommodating groove, crusher chamber bottom is connected by fragmentation cell with transmission device, transmission device bottom is equipped with collecting chamber, and transmission device upper back is equipped with dust-catching board, and apparatus body offers material outlet on corresponding transmission device end;Snap-gauge is equipped at the top of crusher chamber, snap-gauge top movable is equipped with feeding cylinder;Feeding cylinder outside portion is connected by adjusting unit with the other side at the top of apparatus body;With simple structure and reasonable design, it can prevent solid waste from jumping out during broken or shearing, realization is disposably crushed material, material is facilitated to carry out classification recycling by volume, avoid generating dust in working environment, avoid dust recycling, guarantee working environment, is conducive to the advantage of staff's physical and mental health.

Description

A kind of fixed-end forces shearing-crushing device being able to carry out fines collection
Technical field
The invention belongs to fixed-end forces technical field, specially a kind of fixed-end forces shearing for being able to carry out fines collection Crushing device.
Background technique
As the gradually development solid waste of society is more and more, and being crushed in the removal process of solid waste is then wherein to weigh The link wanted, but there is following defects for the broken link of solid waste at present: and 1, solid waste is many kinds of, and volume is different, broken Or will appear risk by being crushed or shearing equipment top is jumped out during shearing, greatly threaten the work of Field Force Safety;2, solid waste is broken is not thorough, and broken volume of material gap great disparity is unfavorable for later period quick centralized collection and processing, Carry out second-time breakage is generally required, not only low efficiency, and increases labor intensity;3, broken even across second-time breakage Little particle is also inconvenient to collect, and needs manually to classify, be handled in order to subsequent, not only increases labor intensity and easily lead Cause solid waste loss;4, it is also easy to produce solid waste dust during broken, not only influences indoor environment, and to field personnel's Physical and mental health brings great damage.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of fixed-end forces shearing-crushing devices for being able to carry out fines collection, with solution Certainly the problems mentioned above in the background art.
To achieve the above object, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a kind of fixed-end forces for being able to carry out fines collection With shearing-crushing device, including apparatus body, the internal upper part side of the apparatus body is equipped with crusher chamber, apparatus body it is interior on The rear portion of the portion other side is equipped with placing groove, and the front of the internal upper part other side of apparatus body is equipped with accommodating groove, the bottom of crusher chamber It is connected by fragmentation cell with transmission device, the bottom of transmission device is equipped with collecting chamber, and the upper back of transmission device is equipped with dust suction Plate, apparatus body offer material outlet on corresponding transmission device end;The top of the crusher chamber is equipped with snap-gauge, snap-gauge Top movable be provided with feeding cylinder;The outside portion of feeding cylinder is connected by adjusting unit with the other side at the top of apparatus body.
Preferably, the unit that adjusts includes the first hydraulic stem for being located at the other side at the top of apparatus body, the first hydraulic stem Telescopic end at the top of be connected with the side at the top of feeding cylinder by the second hydraulic stem, the telescopic end top of the first hydraulic stem passes through branch Bar is connected with the side on feeding cylinder top.
Preferably, several first shafts for passing through apparatus body are equipped with inside the crusher chamber, the in apparatus body One shaft outer cover is equipped with shear roller, the same side shaft gear of several the first shafts, and adjacent shaft gear is meshed;It is first Be respectively arranged with belt pulley on the outside of the shaft gear of end and end, head end belt pulley by belt be arranged in accommodating groove the First spindle pulley of one driving motor is connected;Inside spaced set of first shaft in crusher chamber.
Preferably, the fragmentation cell includes the concentration plate that crusher chamber lower part is arranged, and concentrates the sectional shape structure of plate to be in Quadrilateral structure, and concentrate inclined structure on the inside of plate;It concentrates the inside of plate to be equipped with several second shafts, concentrates intralamellar part Second shaft is equipped with crushing cutter, concentrates the second shaft rod upper sleeve outside plate that belt pulley is housed, several belt pulleys pass through belt It is connected with the second spindle pulley of the second driving motor.
Preferably, the crushing cutter is twist uniformly distributed the outer surface of the second shaft.
Preferably, the cavity for concentrating intralamellar part is funnel-shaped structure, concentrates two relative edges' of plate cavity bottom front and back Spacing is not more than the width of conveyer belt.
Preferably, the accommodating groove includes upper layer and lower layer, and the lower layer of accommodating groove, the first driving is arranged in the second driving motor The upper layer of accommodating groove is arranged in motor and suction ventilator, and the input end of suction ventilator is connected with dust-catching board, the outlet end of suction ventilator and receipts The collecting tank of the slot other side received is connected, and the lower part of collecting tank is equipped with tilting outlet conduit.
Preferably, the dust-catching board bottom length size is not less than the width of conveyer belt.
Preferably, the transmission device is up-down vibration formula transmission device comprising is located at the driving section of two sides and sets The conveyer belt in engraved structure between two driving sections;Driving section includes two lower fixed frames being connected with apparatus body, under Two sides at the top of fixed frame are equipped with gag lever post, and lower fixed frame is equipped with drive roll, is set with active eccentric wheel on drive roll, actively Eccentric wheel is meshed with follower eccentric, and follower eccentric is connected by driven voller with upper fixed frame, and the two sides of upper fixed frame are opened Equipped with sliding slot, sliding slot is adapted with the outer profile of gag lever post, and the driven voller outer cover between two upper fixed frames is equipped with live-roller; It is connected between the live-roller of two driving sections by conveyer belt;Wherein set is equipped on the outside of the active eccentric wheel in the driving section of side Driving pulley on drive roll, driving pulley are connected by belt with end belt pulley;Driving pulley setting exists The outside of apparatus body;The external peripheral surface of live-roller is equipped with several raised lines.
Preferably, the feeding cylinder internal cavity is the big structure of the small upper and lower ends in middle part, the outer profile of feeding cylinder bottom It is adapted with snap-gauge;The cross-sectional area of feeding cylinder bottom cavity is not less than the cross-sectional area of crusher chamber top cavity.
The present invention has simple structure and reasonable design, can prevent solid waste from jumping out during broken or shearing, realizes Material is disposably crushed, material is facilitated to carry out classification recycling by volume, avoid generating dust in working environment, avoids dust Diffusion guarantees working environment, is conducive to the advantage of staff's physical and mental health.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the positive cutting structural schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is positive structure schematic of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is cutting structural schematic diagram in side of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the A-A the schematic diagram of the section structure in Fig. 1 of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the portion A enlarged structure schematic diagram in Fig. 1 of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the upper fixed frame of the present invention and lower fixed frame attachment structure schematic diagram.
Specific embodiment
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.
Please refer to Fig. 1-6, a kind of embodiment provided by the invention: a kind of fixed-end forces being able to carry out fines collection are with cutting Cut through crushing device, including apparatus body 1, the internal upper part side of the apparatus body 1 is equipped with crusher chamber 9, apparatus body 1 it is interior on The rear portion of the portion other side is equipped with placing groove 5, and the front of the internal upper part other side of apparatus body 1 is equipped with accommodating groove 6, crusher chamber 9 Bottom is connected by fragmentation cell with transmission device, and the bottom of transmission device is equipped with collecting chamber 16, and the upper back of transmission device is set There is dust-catching board 28, apparatus body 1 offers material outlet on corresponding transmission device end;The top of the crusher chamber 9 is set There is snap-gauge 4, the top movable of snap-gauge 4 is provided with feeding cylinder 3;It is pushed up by adjusting unit and apparatus body 1 outside portion of feeding cylinder 3 The portion other side is connected.Solid waste can be prevented by altering in crusher chamber 9 by using the mode that feeding cylinder is arranged in the mode of flexible connection Out, while when material is stuck in the internal upper part of crusher chamber 9, cleaning and maintenance, snap-gauge 4 can be carried out by way of opening feeding cylinder 3 Feeding cylinder 3 and apparatus body 1 can be made to be quickly connected installation;It can be primary by setting crusher chamber 9 and fragmentation cell Property carries out material effectively broken, and broken granule dust is collected by dust-catching board 28, broken small particles material It is collected by collecting chamber 16, broken normal material is collected by the material outlet of transmission device end.
Further, the adjusting unit includes the first hydraulic stem 2 for being located at the 1 top other side of apparatus body, the first liquid It is connected by the second hydraulic stem 31 with the side at 3 top of feeding cylinder at the top of the telescopic end of compression bar 2, the telescopic end of the first hydraulic stem 2 Top is connected by strut 32 with the side on 3 top of feeding cylinder.It is adopted between 1 top of apparatus body and the first hydraulic stem 2 With the mode being fixedly connected, it is connected by the way of hinged between the telescopic end top of the first hydraulic stem 2 and the second hydraulic stem 31, Second hydraulic stem 31 and feeding cylinder are connected by the way of hinged between 3 top, the telescopic end top of the first hydraulic stem 2 and strut It is connected by the way of hinged between 32, is connected by the way of hinged between 3 top of strut 32 and feeding cylinder.Pass through above-mentioned side Formula can play the role of associated connecting member centainly to buffer, to achieve the purpose that improve relevant device service life;When When the telescopic end of one hydraulic stem 2 rises, feeding cylinder 3 is driven to rise by the second hydraulic stem 31 and strut 32, the process of rise In can make the second hydraulic stem 31 withdraw, make feeding cylinder 3 that the top of apparatus body 1 is set to reach space-saving purpose.
Further, several first shafts 10 for passing through apparatus body 1, apparatus body 1 are equipped with inside the crusher chamber 9 Interior 10 outer cover of the first shaft is equipped with shear roller 11, the same side shaft gear 12 of several the first shafts 10, adjacent axis Bar gear 12 is meshed;It is respectively arranged with belt pulley 33 on the outside of head end and the shaft gear 12 of end, head end belt pulley passes through skin Band is connected with the first spindle pulley 34 of the first driving motor 7 being arranged in accommodating groove 6;First shaft 10 is broken The inside spaced set of chamber 9.It can be realized by the way that shear roller 11 is arranged in crusher chamber 9 to the preliminary shearing of material and powder It is broken, good basis is provided for subsequent material crushing, above-mentioned shear roller 11 is meshed by shaft gear 12 to realize and pass Dynamic, while the first driving motor 7 can also provide power for transmission device.When first driving motor 7 is run, first Spindle pulley 34 drives the belt pulley 33 of head end to rotate, and the belt pulley 33 of head end drives first shaft 10 during rotating Rotation realizes that each first shaft 10 rotates since adjacent shaft gear 12 is meshed, so that shear roller 11 be driven to revolve Turn and works;It should be noted that the belt pulley 33 of end drives transmission device to vibrate up and down and transmit by belt Band 17 is run.
Further, the fragmentation cell includes the concentration plate 13 that 9 lower part of crusher chamber is arranged, and concentrates the cross sectional shape of plate 13 Structure is in quadrilateral structure, and concentrates the 13 inclined structure in inside of plate;The inside of plate 13 is concentrated to be equipped with several second shafts 14, It concentrates the second shaft 14 inside plate 13 to be equipped with crushing cutter 15, concentrates and be set with belt pulley on the second shaft 14 outside plate 13 35, several belt pulleys 35 are connected by belt with the second spindle pulley 36 of the second driving motor 8.The crushing cutter 15 is in Spiral shape is uniformly distributed the outer surface of the second shaft 14.The cavity concentrated inside plate 13 is funnel-shaped structure, concentrates plate 13 The spacing of two relative edges is not more than the width of conveyer belt 17 before and after cavity bottom.Concentrate plate 13 material can be made to concentrate by setting The top in crushing cutter 15, to achieve the purpose that uniform blanking, while crushing cutter 15 being facilitated to be crushed material.It is described Several belt pulleys 35 are driven to rotate simultaneously by the second spindle pulley 36 when second driving motor 8 is run, it is preferably several The direction of rotation of a belt pulley 35 is counterclockwise.
Further, the accommodating groove 6 includes upper layer and lower layer, and the lower layer of accommodating groove 6 is arranged in the second driving motor 8, the The upper layer of accommodating groove 6 is arranged in one driving motor 7 and suction ventilator 27, and the input end of suction ventilator 27 is connected with dust-catching board 28, air draught The outlet end of machine 27 is connected with the collecting tank 29 of 6 other side of accommodating groove, and the lower part of collecting tank 29 is equipped with tilting outlet conduit.Institute State the width that 28 bottom length size of dust-catching board is not less than conveyer belt 17.Accommodating groove 6 in the present invention is power house, inside set There are the first driving motor 7, suction ventilator 27 and the second driving motor 8, power support can be provided for whole equipment;In addition it is receiving Receiving the side of slot 6 is equipped with collecting tank 29 for mobile phone dust, and the modes such as the settable filter bag in the inside of collecting tank 29 or silk screen filter Dust, or outside tilting outlet conduit be arranged deduster mode;It can be realized no dust row by the collection to dust The purpose put and solid waste dust is recycled again.
Further, the transmission device be up-down vibration formula transmission device comprising be located at two sides driving section and The conveyer belt 17 in engraved structure being located between two driving sections;Driving section includes two lower fixations being connected with apparatus body 1 The two sides of frame 24, lower 24 top of fixed frame are equipped with gag lever post 23, and lower fixed frame 24 is equipped with drive roll 26, is set on drive roll 26 Have active eccentric wheel 25, active eccentric wheel 25 is meshed with follower eccentric 22, follower eccentric 22 by driven voller 20 with it is upper Fixed frame 21 is connected, and the two sides of upper fixed frame 21 offer sliding slot 37, and sliding slot 37 is adapted with the outer profile of gag lever post 23, and two 20 outer cover of driven voller between upper fixed frame 21 is equipped with live-roller 18;Pass through conveyer belt between the live-roller 18 of two driving sections 17 are connected;The driving pulley being sleeved on drive roll 26 is wherein equipped on the outside of the active eccentric wheel 25 in the driving section of side 30, driving pulley 30 is connected by belt with end belt pulley;The outside of apparatus body 1 is arranged in driving pulley 30;It passes The external peripheral surface of dynamic roller 18 is equipped with several raised lines 19.It is passed by the way that the conveyer belt 17 of engraved structure is arranged and vibrates up and down formula Device is sent, small particles material can be made to enter in collecting chamber 16 to achieve the purpose that material screening, the collecting chamber 16 is opposite The apparatus body 1 answered, which is equipped with, to open the door, to facilitate the recycling to small particles material.The belt pulley 33 of end is driven by belt and is driven Belt pulley 30 rotate, driving pulley 30 by drive roll 26 drive active eccentric wheel 25 rotate, active eccentric wheel 25 with it is driven Eccentric wheel 22 is meshed, and can not only drive the rotation of follower eccentric 22 that can also realize fixed frame 21 and lower fixed frame 24 Between displacement generate variation, with achieve the purpose that material carry out vibration screening;When follower eccentric 22 rotates, driven voller 20 rotations, to make live-roller 18 that conveyer belt 17 be driven to run.
Further, 3 internal cavity of feeding cylinder is the big structure of the small upper and lower ends in middle part, 3 bottom of feeding cylinder it is outer Profile is adapted with snap-gauge 4;The cross-sectional area of 3 bottom cavity of feeding cylinder is not less than the cross-sectional area of 9 top cavity of crusher chamber.It is logical The feeding cylinder 3 for crossing setting above structure form not only facilitates feeding cylinder 3 quickly to connect with apparatus body 1, additionally it is possible to which realization prevents Material is scurried out the purpose hurted sb.'s feelings by crusher chamber 9.
When using the present invention, it is powered (the circuit connection of each equipment for each equipment for needing electric power of the equipment first It is not the emphasis that the present invention protects and is common knowledge, therefore repeats no more), by the elongation of the first hydraulic stem 2 so that pan feeding Cylinder 3 rises, and by the flexible of the second hydraulic stem 31, the levelness of feeding cylinder 3 is adjusted so that feeding cylinder 3 keep with The top surface of crusher chamber 9 is parallel, then passes through the retraction of the first hydraulic stem 2, so that feeding cylinder 3 is engaged to the inside of snap-gauge 4, with Convenient for work use, convenient for rising when material Caton occurs to feeding cylinder 3, be convenient for maintenance use, and be convenient for into The installation of row quick-snap, while the structure type of feeding cylinder 3 is the big structure in intermediate small both ends, it can while being convenient for pan feeding The characteristics of avoiding materials inside from hurting sb.'s feelings when being sheared because of elastic force pop-up, advantageously ensures that work safety;Pass through 3 top of feeding cylinder Hatch frame puts into waste material in crusher chamber 9, and engages between feeding cylinder 3 and snap-gauge 4, increases 9 top of crusher chamber to useless The limit space of material avoids waste material and jumps out, increases job security, by the drive of the first driving motor 7 so that and its The first adjacent shaft 10 is rotated, so that passing through nibbling between 12 monomer of shaft gear between 10 monomer of the first shaft Conjunction is driven, so that shear roller 11 be driven to synchronize rotation, and then by outside in thread-like structure shear roller 11 it Between mutual cooperation to waste material carry out it is broken roll, continue to fall by broken waste material, so that waste material is outside the second shaft 14 It under the crushing cutter 15 of the twist Structural assignments of side acts on, is smashed, to increase degree of crushing, and the second shaft 14 is logical Belt is crossed by 8 synchronous drive of the second driving motor, convenient for guaranteeing quickly to carry out, while in the concentration plate 13 of the inclined structure of inner wall Under the action of, so that being fallen downwards by broken waste material concentration;Waste material falls to the inside of collecting chamber 16 by crusher chamber 9, So that waste material is fallen on conveyer belt 17, under the action of the belt pulley 33 of end drives driving pulley 30 to rotate by belt, make Drive roll 26 rotated, drive roll 26 drive active eccentric wheel 25 rotate, due to active eccentric wheel 25 circle core shaft with from The circle core shaft of movable eccentric wheel 22 is not in same straight line, so that the engagement between active eccentric wheel 25 and follower eccentric 22, Being able to drive while follower eccentric 22 is rotated goes up and down follower eccentric 22, so that upper fixed frame 21 is logical It crosses gag lever post 23 to go up and down in the top of lower fixed frame 24, so that follower eccentric 22 drives live-roller 18 by driven voller 20 It is rotated, in order to be transmitted while lifting, consequently facilitating conveyer belt 17 carries out waste material by its engraved structure Screening, the scrap under sieving can directly be fallen in collecting chamber 16, in order to be received by the opening of 16 avris of collecting chamber Collection, and the scrap not being sized is discharged by the opening positioned at 1 right side central of equipment body in 17 left side of conveyer belt, in order to It is crushed again after collection, advantageously ensures that work quality;The fines that is floated caused by the inside of equipment body 1 at work simultaneously or Dust particles can be absorbed into the inside of collecting tank 29 by dust-catching board 28, consequently facilitating being received under the action of suction ventilator 27 Collection processing, avoids generating dust in working environment, is conducive to avoid dust recycling, advantageously ensures that working environment, be conducive to Guarantee staff's health.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that invention is not limited to the details of the above exemplary embodiments, Er Qie In the case where without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, the present embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, and the scope of the present invention is by appended power Benefit requires rather than above description limits, it is intended that all by what is fallen within the meaning and scope of the equivalent elements of the claims Variation is included within the present invention.Any reference signs in the claims should not be construed as limiting the involved claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of fixed-end forces shearing-crushing device for being able to carry out fines collection, including apparatus body (1), feature exists In: the internal upper part side of the apparatus body (1) is equipped with crusher chamber (9), and the rear portion of the internal upper part other side of apparatus body (1) is set Have placing groove (5), the front of the internal upper part other side of apparatus body (1) is equipped with accommodating groove (6), and the bottom of crusher chamber (9) passes through Fragmentation cell is connected with transmission device, and the bottom of transmission device is equipped with collecting chamber (16), and the upper back of transmission device is equipped with dust suction Plate (28), apparatus body (1) offer material outlet on corresponding transmission device end;
The top of the crusher chamber (9) is equipped with snap-gauge (4), and the top movable of snap-gauge (4) is provided with feeding cylinder (3);Feeding cylinder (3) Outside portion be connected by adjusting unit and apparatus body (1) the top other side.
2. a kind of fixed-end forces shearing-crushing device for being able to carry out fines collection according to claim 1, feature Be: the unit that adjusts includes the first hydraulic stem (2) for being located at the other side at the top of apparatus body (1), the first hydraulic stem (2) It is connected by the second hydraulic stem (31) with the side at the top of feeding cylinder (3) at the top of telescopic end, on the telescopic end of the first hydraulic stem (2) Portion is connected by strut (32) with the side on feeding cylinder (3) top.
3. a kind of fixed-end forces shearing-crushing device for being able to carry out fines collection according to claim 1, feature It is: is equipped with several inside the crusher chamber (9) in first shaft (10) of apparatus body (1), apparatus body (1) First shaft (10) outer cover is equipped with shear roller (11), and the same side shaft gear (12) of several the first shafts (10) is adjacent Shaft gear (12) be meshed;Belt pulley (33), head end skin are respectively arranged on the outside of head end and the shaft gear (12) of end Belt wheel is connected by belt with the first spindle pulley (34) for the first driving motor (7) being arranged in accommodating groove (6);
Inside spaced set of first shaft (10) in crusher chamber (9).
4. a kind of fixed-end forces shearing-crushing device for being able to carry out fines collection according to claim 1, feature Be: the fragmentation cell includes the concentration plate (13) of setting crusher chamber (9) lower part, and the sectional shape structure of concentration plate (13) is in Quadrilateral structure, and concentrate inclined structure on the inside of plate (13);The inside of plate (13) is concentrated to be equipped with several second shafts (14), The second shaft (14) for concentrating plate (13) internal is equipped with crushing cutter (15), covers on the second shaft (14) for concentrating plate (13) external Equipped with belt pulley (35), several belt pulleys (35) pass through the second spindle pulley (36) of belt and the second driving motor (8) It is connected.
5. a kind of fixed-end forces shearing-crushing device for being able to carry out fines collection according to claim 4, feature Be: the crushing cutter (15) is twist uniformly distributed the outer surface of the second shaft (14).
6. a kind of fixed-end forces shearing-crushing device for being able to carry out fines collection according to claim 4, feature Be: the cavity for concentrating plate (13) internal is funnel-shaped structure, before and after concentration plate (13) cavity bottom between two relative edges Away from the width for being not more than conveyer belt (17).
7. a kind of fixed-end forces shearing-crushing device for being able to carry out fines collection according to claim 1, feature Be: the accommodating groove (6) includes upper layer and lower layer, and the lower layer in accommodating groove (6), the first driving is arranged in the second driving motor (8) Motor (7) and suction ventilator (27) are arranged on the upper layer of accommodating groove (6), and the input end of suction ventilator (27) is connected with dust-catching board (28), The outlet end of suction ventilator (27) is connected with the collecting tank (29) of accommodating groove (6) other side, and the lower part of collecting tank (29) is equipped with inclination Formula outlet conduit.
8. a kind of fixed-end forces shearing-crushing device for being able to carry out fines collection according to claim 7, feature Be: dust-catching board (28) the bottom length size is not less than the width of conveyer belt (17).
9. a kind of fixed-end forces shearing-crushing device for being able to carry out fines collection according to claim 1, feature Be: the transmission device is up-down vibration formula transmission device comprising is located at the driving section of two sides and is located at two driving sections Between the conveyer belt (17) in engraved structure;
Driving section includes two lower fixed frames (24) being connected with apparatus body (1), and the two sides at the top of lower fixed frame (24) are equipped with Gag lever post (23), lower fixed frame (24) are equipped with drive roll (26), are set with active eccentric wheel (25) on drive roll (26), actively Eccentric wheel (25) is meshed with follower eccentric (22), and follower eccentric (22) passes through driven voller (20) and upper fixed frame (21) phase Even, the two sides of upper fixed frame (21) offer sliding slot (37), and sliding slot (37) is adapted with the outer profile of gag lever post (23), on two Driven voller (20) outer cover between fixed frame (21) is equipped with live-roller (18);
It is connected between the live-roller (18) of two driving sections by conveyer belt (17);
Wherein the driving pulley being sleeved on drive roll (26) is equipped on the outside of the active eccentric wheel (25) in the driving section of side (30), driving pulley (30) is connected by belt with end belt pulley;
Driving pulley (30) is arranged in the outside of apparatus body (1);
The external peripheral surface of live-roller (18) is equipped with several raised lines (19).
10. a kind of fixed-end forces shearing-crushing device for being able to carry out fines collection according to claim 1, feature Be: feeding cylinder (3) internal cavity is the big structure of the small upper and lower ends in middle part, the outer profile and card of feeding cylinder (3) bottom Plate (4) is adapted;The cross-sectional area of feeding cylinder (3) bottom cavity is not less than the cross-sectional area of crusher chamber (9) top cavity.
CN201910513275.8A 2019-06-03 2019-06-03 Solid waste treatment that can carry out fines collection is with cuting breaker Active CN110270402B (en)

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