CN110210051A - A kind of geotechnical engineering cloud micromessage technology - Google Patents

A kind of geotechnical engineering cloud micromessage technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110210051A
CN110210051A CN201910320531.1A CN201910320531A CN110210051A CN 110210051 A CN110210051 A CN 110210051A CN 201910320531 A CN201910320531 A CN 201910320531A CN 110210051 A CN110210051 A CN 110210051A
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China
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geological
engineering
cloud
technology
underground
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CN201910320531.1A
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袁长丰
于广明
宋传旺
李亮
洪勇
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Qingdao University of Technology
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Qingdao University of Technology
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Priority to CN201910320531.1A priority Critical patent/CN110210051A/en
Publication of CN110210051A publication Critical patent/CN110210051A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • G06F17/5009

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of geotechnical engineering cloud micromessage technologies, including on-site land survey;Theoretical research;Laboratory test;Model based reasoning;System development;Numerical analysis;Engineering verification.The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows the cloud storages and cloud computing of geological environment information under the fining acquisition and big data that can be realized geological environment information, realize storage, the analysis that geological information big data quantity is realized based on Clouds theory, Fractals, synergetics scheduling theory.

Description

A kind of geotechnical engineering cloud micromessage technology
Technical field
The invention belongs to geotechnique information technical fields, are related to a kind of geotechnical engineering cloud micromessage technology.
Background technique
Complicated geological environment informationization is the hot spot of domestic and foreign scholars' research all the time.At abroad, Herbert H. is total Article and notes of the Terzaghi in terms of engineering geology, geotechnical engineering have been tied, soil pressure measurement, Geological Engineering structure row are obtained Common method in the geology geotechnical engineering such as quantitative relationship between mechanism and each parameter;The research such as Mark Wilkerson The multi-source data that a variety of geological environments such as tomography X, penetration test, geological map are reconnoitred is in the database Storage method, and establish geological management information system along 150 miles of aqueducts;Chris H. is endangered based on three-dimensional city Figure or region harm figure, by amplifying, mesh point shear wave velocity variation diagram and soil dynamic characteristics in acquisition figure are special using covering Carlow logarithm normal distribution method estimates the standard variance of amplification, has studied geological environment information uncertainty in earthquake Random response under wave effect.At home, Chen Hui combines the actual conditions of domestic and international field of geological environment work, proposes future The thinking of development and Overall Strategic Concept of field of geological environment informationization in several years;Cao Liang is to key stratum group in urban geology body Multiple dimensioned experimental study, the fining identification of immanent structure and engineer application evaluation is unfolded in engineering characteristic;Ma Xiongde, Wang Wen scientific research Study carefully the Geological and Ecological Environment evaluation information system based on GIS, devise the structure of spatial data library structure, plug-in attribute library, Based on bald tail river valley survey data, groundwater in Guanzhong Basin fragility space distribution rule is disclosed.At present both at home and abroad There is not yet cloud storage and cloud computing of the report about tunnel geology information, usually using based on traditional database storage with It calculates to handle geological environment information and carry out Geological Advanced Prediction work, takes single analytical technology, cause geological information Validity is low, and Geotechnical Parameter is inaccurate, and geological hazards prediction is inaccurate to wait bottlenecks.Therefore, accuracy finds out geological conditions, and fining is retouched State Geotechnical Parameter, the city tunnel geological environment under " Yun Wei " theory is information-based and multidimensional, multiphase, it is multiple dimensioned, at many levels under Geological environment acquisition of information, storage, analytical calculation designs for city tunnel, safe construction and operation management provide theoretical foundation and Technical support.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of geotechnical engineering cloud micromessage technologies, and the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows can The cloud storage and cloud computing for realizing geological environment information under the fining acquisition and big data of geological environment information, realize and are based on cloud Theory, Fractals, synergetics scheduling theory realize the storage of geological information big data quantity, analysis.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention is that following the steps below:
(1) on-site land survey;
(2) theoretical research;
(3) laboratory test;
(4) model based reasoning;
(5) system development;
(6) numerical analysis;
(7) engineering verification.
Further, step (1) collects city tunnel geological environment related data, by field investigation, exploration and monitoring, Solution and analysis city tunnel geological environment information field distribution characteristics and underground excavation induce formation damage feature.
Further, data organization method and more storage servers and user in step (2), 1. based on more storage servers Between dynamic mapping relationship carry out geological information difference safe handling grade under public cloud, private clound and mixed cloud storage; 2. establishing the mathematical model and geomechanics mould of geological environment with geostatistics principle, fractal theory and synergetics research Type is established and had both considered geological environment original state, it is further contemplated that the comprehensive geology environment of Evolution States cooperates with after tunnel excavation disturbance Prediction model;3. system research underground is opened by geology, damage mechanics, non-continuum mechanics and civil engineering science It digs and causes to occur in stratum the rule that free face causes stress to redistribute, and from bottom to top or even earth's surface successively becomes A series of failure mechanisms such as shape, inbreak, fracture, sliding, bending, sinking and rule and all kinds of engineering structures are in geological disaster Mechanical response and nonlinear effect in the process;4. applying Cosserat MEDIUM THEORY, hydrogeology and theory of mechanics, establish Underground Engineering Excavation causes geometrical relationship, physical relation, mechanical relationship during geological disaster, so that it is non-to establish geological disaster Linear mechanical model;5. applying non-equilibrium thermodynamics theory and nonlinear science, establishes underground excavation and ground environment is caused to damage Evolution principle and model are studied disaster alarm index under different geological environments and pre-alarming system and are mutually coordinated with ground environment Regulation is theoretical.
Further, in step (3), 1. by multi-functional large-tonnage stratum similarity model test model, design 5 is similar Material simulation model induces stratum disaster using digital speckle technology and 24 hours whole photography technology capture Underground Engineering Excavations Pests occurrence rule, while cooperating instrument positioning measurement and accurate sketch, to verify mutually;2. utilizing the stress-voluntarily developed Strain transducer measures the stress and strain changing rule in Rock Fracture Processes, to verify geological disaster mechanical relationship mould Type;3. being arranged on underground excavation Equivalent Materials Testing machine, experimental field opening down using the sound wave velocity measuring technique voluntarily developed Dig the geologic body failure mechanism of disturbance, meanwhile, the damage sensitizing range of model install 24 hours whole video cameras and stress, Strain and crack monitoring instrument, Study of The Underground excavate induce engineering structure damage region the regularity of distribution and to damage condition into Row scientific definition, is corrected using measured data and improves research achievement.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is described in detail With reference to embodiment.
Steps are as follows by the present invention:
(1) on-site land survey: collect city tunnel geological environment related data, as Beijing, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Dalian, Xiamen, The ground such as Qingdao, by field investigation, exploration and monitoring, understand and analysis city tunnel geological environment information field distribution characteristics and Underground excavation induces formation damage feature;
(2) theoretical research: between the data organization method and more storage servers and user 1. based on more storage servers Dynamic mapping relationship carries out the storage of the public cloud, private clound and mixed cloud under geological information difference safe handling grade;2. transporting The mathematical model and geomechanics model that geological environment is established with geology Principle of Statistics, fractal theory and synergetics research, build It is vertical both considered initial (before the tunnel excavation) state of geological environment, it is further contemplated that after tunnel excavation disturbance Evolution States comprehensive geology ring Border collaborative forecasting model;3. by geology, damage mechanics, non-continuum mechanics and civil engineering science, system research Underground excavation causes to occur in stratum the rule that free face causes stress to redistribute, and from bottom to top or even earth's surface is successively sent out A series of failure mechanisms such as shape, inbreak, fracture, sliding, bending, sinking and rule of changing and all kinds of engineering structures are in geology Mechanical response and nonlinear effect in Hazard processes;4. Cosserat MEDIUM THEORY, hydrogeology and theory of mechanics are applied, Establish during Underground Engineering Excavation causes geological disaster geometrical relationship (including geology it is microcosmic-macrostructure relationship, geology knot Structure dimension relation, geologic structure scaling relation etc.), physical relation (including consider geologic body add, the constitutive relation of unloading effect, Consider that Rockmass defect (joint, stratification) coevolution and underground water are lost the stratum deformational nonlinearity mechanical model etc. of coupling), power Relationship (including mechanical equilibrium condition, energy balance relations etc.), to establish geological disaster nonlinear mechanical model;5. applying Non-equilibrium thermodynamics theory and nonlinear science establish underground excavation and ground environment damage development principle and model are caused to be studied not With the disaster alarm index and pre-alarming system under geological environment and the regulation theory mutually coordinated with ground environment.
(3) 1. by multi-functional large-tonnage stratum similarity model test model, 5 analog material moulds laboratory test: are designed Analog model induces the generation of stratum disaster using digital speckle technology and 24 hours whole photography technology capture Underground Engineering Excavations Rule, while cooperating instrument positioning measurement and accurate sketch, to verify mutually;2. being passed using the stress-strain voluntarily developed Sensor measures the stress and strain changing rule in Rock Fracture Processes, to verify geological disaster mechanical relationship model;3. benefit With the sound wave velocity measuring technique voluntarily developed, it is arranged on underground excavation Equivalent Materials Testing machine, experimental field descends excavation disturbance Geologic body failure mechanism, meanwhile, the damage sensitizing range of model install 24 hours whole video cameras and stress, strain and Crack monitoring instrument, Study of The Underground excavate the regularity of distribution in the engineering structure damage region induced and carry out science to damage condition It defines, the theoretical research result of this research is corrected and improved using measured data.
(4) model based reasoning: geological environment initial information field distribution rule is gradually disclosed by modeling process, underground excavation lures It sends out stratum deformation and generates genesis mechanism rule, the damage development principle of ground environment of catastrophe, and engineering structure is damaged Harmful dependence and mechanical response.
(5) system development: the application of geological information " Yun Wei " Platform Designing is theoretical and realizes;Establish accumulation layer, basic management 4 stratus framework platforms of layer, application-interface layer and access layer, cloud storage system and more equipment are applied, more service collaboration works more The theory and method of work are embedded into common some numerical simulation softwares such as FLAC3D, RFPA, ANSYS in system platform In, by post-processing technology, damage development process after regularity of information distribution to ground environment and underground excavation disturbance into Row visual Simulation and analysis;Using stratum damage degree as index, the build-up effect of research and development ground environment damage and prediction system System and Preliminary study on geological hazard chains risk pre-alarming system, exploitation cover estimated stratum deformation, optimization excavation measure and implement CONTROL OF STRATA MOVEMENT Etc. functions decision system.
(6) numerical analysis: to ground environment regularity of information distribution and underground excavation disturbance after damage process into On the basis of row visual Simulation, further pass through numerical Analysis geological information field, mechanical deformation field and underground structure work Journey, ground building building, urban infrastructure, traffic above-ground engineering and the interaction between lower water body etc., mutual shadow on the ground Loud and relation of interdependence and the chain hazard effects of generation verify the reliability of this project theoretical research and Experiment Result.
(7) engineering verification: using the TBM construction work of No. 6 lines of Chongqing City's subway and Qingdao City's Line 2 Metro as test site Ground, detected using this achievement (purchased TRT6000 wireless vibration wave three-dimensional imaging Geological Advanced Prediction system Wireless, TRT-6000, Seismic, 3DImagingSystem, US Radar company, U.S. Seeker SPR Ground Penetrating Radar etc.), prediction, Early warning, simulation and analysis, and with observation data comparison, examine and improve research achievement.
The above is only not to make limit in any form to the present invention to better embodiment of the invention System, any simple modification that embodiment of above is made according to the technical essence of the invention, equivalent variations and modification, Belong in the range of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of geotechnical engineering cloud micromessage technology, it is characterised in that the following steps are included:
(1) on-site land survey;
(2) theoretical research;
(3) laboratory test;
(4) model based reasoning;
(5) system development;
(6) numerical analysis;
(7) engineering verification.
2. according to a kind of geotechnical engineering cloud micromessage technology described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the step (1) is collected City tunnel geological environment related data understands by field investigation, exploration and monitoring and analysis city tunnel geological environment is believed It ceases field distribution feature and underground excavation induces formation damage feature.
3. according to a kind of geotechnical engineering cloud micromessage technology described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: in the step (2), 1. Dynamic mapping relationship between data organization method and more storage servers and user based on more storage servers carries out geology letter Cease the storage of the public cloud, private clound and mixed cloud under different safe handling grades;2. being managed with geostatistics principle, a point shape By the mathematical model and geomechanics model for establishing geological environment with synergetics research, foundation had both considered geological environment initial shape State, it is further contemplated that tunnel excavation disturbance after Evolution States comprehensive geology environment collaborative forecasting model;3. by geology, damage force It learns, non-continuum mechanics and civil engineering science, system research underground excavation causes to occur free face in stratum to cause to answer The rule of power redistribution, and from bottom to top so that earth's surface successively deform, inbreak, fracture, sliding, bending, sinking etc. The mechanical response and nonlinear effect of a series of failure mechanisms and rule and all kinds of engineering structures during geological disaster; 4. applying Cosserat MEDIUM THEORY, hydrogeology and theory of mechanics, establishes Underground Engineering Excavation and cause geological disaster process In geometrical relationship, physical relation, mechanical relationship, to establish geological disaster nonlinear mechanical model;5. applying non-equilibrium heat Theory of mechanics and nonlinear science establish underground excavation and ground environment damage development principle and model are caused to study different geology rings Disaster alarm index and pre-alarming system under border and the regulation mutually coordinated with ground environment are theoretical.
4. according to a kind of geotechnical engineering cloud micromessage technology described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: in the step (3), 1. By multi-functional large-tonnage stratum similarity model test model, 5 equivalent material simulating models are designed, digital speckle technology is utilized The pests occurrence rule of stratum disaster is induced with 24 hours whole photography technology capture Underground Engineering Excavations, while instrument positioning being cooperated to survey Amount and accurate sketch, to verify mutually;2. using in the stress-strain sensor measurement Rock Fracture Processes voluntarily developed Stress and strain changing rule, to verify geological disaster mechanical relationship model;3. using the sound wave velocity measuring technique voluntarily developed, It is arranged on underground excavation Equivalent Materials Testing machine, experimental field descends the geologic body failure mechanism of excavation disturbance, meanwhile, 24 hours whole video cameras are installed in the damage sensitizing range of model and stress, strain and crack monitoring instrument, Study of The Underground excavate The regularity of distribution in the engineering structure damage region of induction simultaneously carries out scientific definition to damage condition, is corrected using measured data and complete Kind research achievement.
CN201910320531.1A 2019-04-20 2019-04-20 A kind of geotechnical engineering cloud micromessage technology Pending CN110210051A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2020228574A1 (en) * 2019-05-13 2020-11-19 青岛理工大学 Collaborative prediction method for tunnel geological conditions

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2020228574A1 (en) * 2019-05-13 2020-11-19 青岛理工大学 Collaborative prediction method for tunnel geological conditions

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