CN110182058A - A kind of monorail suspension type maglev train system based on inverted U-shaped suspension rail - Google Patents

A kind of monorail suspension type maglev train system based on inverted U-shaped suspension rail Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110182058A
CN110182058A CN201910521120.9A CN201910521120A CN110182058A CN 110182058 A CN110182058 A CN 110182058A CN 201910521120 A CN201910521120 A CN 201910521120A CN 110182058 A CN110182058 A CN 110182058A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
suspension
shaped
rail
inverted
monorail
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Pending
Application number
CN201910521120.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
皇甫贵田
李俊叶
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Shanxi Zhonghai Weiwei Rail Transit Engineering Co Ltd
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Shanxi Zhonghai Weiwei Rail Transit Engineering Co Ltd
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Application filed by Shanxi Zhonghai Weiwei Rail Transit Engineering Co Ltd filed Critical Shanxi Zhonghai Weiwei Rail Transit Engineering Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910521120.9A priority Critical patent/CN110182058A/en
Publication of CN110182058A publication Critical patent/CN110182058A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L13/00Electric propulsion for monorail vehicles, suspension vehicles or rack railways; Magnetic suspension or levitation for vehicles
    • B60L13/04Magnetic suspension or levitation for vehicles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/72Electric energy management in electromobility

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of monorail suspension type maglev train system based on inverted U-shaped suspension rail including the monorail formula suspension rail by support column suspension strut and operates in the train unit on rail.Suspension rack is mounted in railway box girder, provides the constraint in short transverse by limit beam, car body is fixed on suspension rack.In system, support column and railway box girder are fixation members, and suspension rack and car body are moving parts.Suspension suction, which is provided, by the inverted U-shaped suspension rail in railway box girder and the interaction of the U-shaped levitating electromagnet on suspension rack realizes suspension function.Whole system has structure simple, the feature of small size, low cost, can serve the demand of passenger transport between sight spot sightseeing, building under the low speed operating condition such as traffic, can be used as one kind effectively supplement of modern railway transportation standard, has broad application prospects.

Description

A kind of monorail suspension type maglev train system based on inverted U-shaped suspension rail
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of rail traffic, in particular to a kind of monorail suspension type based on inverted U-shaped suspension rail Maglev train system.
Background technique
Suspension type magnetic-levitation train is a kind of New Schemes track vehicle, the urban track traffic system as a kind of diversification System can serve multilevel traffic, the supplement traffic of overhead grade separation etc. of tourist district gone sightseeing between visiting scienc spot, city building, rely on Its own plurality of advantages is estimated will wide development and application prospect in China.Currently, existing suspension type monorail vehicle To reach noise reduction purpose, travelling wheel mostly uses greatly rubber tire.And travelling wheel vehicle gravity itself, during actual operation The abrasion of rubber tire are more serious, in turn result in system operation maintenance cost and increase.In consideration of it, as outstanding in realized using magnetic suspension mode Hanging traffic, it is contemplated that optimize the problem three kinds of approach: first is that by way of by vehicle suspension and contactless driving, make It obtains entirely without direct Mechanical Contact between vehicle and track, mechanical shock and mill occurs to avoid rubber tire and track running face Damage;Second is that reducing the normal pressure between rubber tire and track by way of suspension loss of weight, realizes and reduce the punching of machinery suffered by rubber tire It hits and frictional resistance, achievees the purpose that the service life for increasing rubber tire, be suitable for slow traffic;Third is that being realized by vehicle suspension It is non-contact with track, traveling is realized by rubber tire side-contact type friction-driven, in this manner, rubber tire undertakes driving and leads To task, but the self weight due to not undertaking vehicle plays the role of increasing the rubber tire service life so frictional force is also effectively reduced, It is also applied for slow traffic.Currently, there are not actual suspension type maglev test car and engineering truck yet, Israel and domestic southwest are handed over The suspension type magnetic that the gentle penetrating judgment of great Zhai awards team's proposition floats scheme and is based on above-mentioned first way, researchs and develops multiple types Suspension type magnetic-levitation train is urgent and beneficial to diversification traffic and future transportation Mode exploration.
Summary of the invention
Based on the third above-mentioned mode, the invention proposes a kind of monorail suspension type magnetic based on inverted U-shaped suspension rail Aerotrain system, its main feature is that simple and compact for structure, construction difficulty is low, and construction cost is low.
Technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of monorail suspended electromagnetic aerotrain system based on inverted U-shaped suspension rail, including branch is hung by support column The monorail formula suspension rail of support and operate in the train unit on rail.The suspension rail, which has, to be fixed on each support column simultaneously The railway box girder 2 extended along operating path;Railway box girder 2 has box beam cabinet 201 and is placed in the suspension rail 202 of box inside; The box beam cabinet has top plate and is respectively perpendicular to the side plate of top plate two sides;Inverted U-shaped suspension rail 202 connects firmly between the side plates On top plate;Side plate interior sides have been symmetrically arranged limit beam;The side plate interior sides for limiting the lower section of beam are provided with guided way;
Train unit has car body 4 and suspension rack 3, and car body 4 is connected in suspension rack by secondary suspension system 402 thereon On 3;The suspension rack 3 has suspension stringer 303, and the cross section of suspension stringer 303 is T-shaped, including transverse slat and riser;Transverse slat position The top of beam is limited in box beam cabinet 201 and its width is greater than the intermediate gaps width of limit beam;Two sides along riser are suspending Two groups of front and back directive wheel is equipped on the length direction of stringer 303 respectively, directive wheel is connected to suspension by directive wheel support shaft and indulges On beam 303;Rotating electric machine 321 is placed on riser;At least one group is the active driven by rotating electric machine 321 in two groups of directive wheels Wheel;The top of the transverse slat of suspension stringer 303, inverted U-shaped 202 position of suspension rail of face point along the length direction of suspension stringer 303 Not She Zhi there are two U-shaped levitating electromagnet (301 and 302), each U-shaped levitating electromagnet and control its size of current suspension control Device connection, each suspension controller receive the suspension rack and 202 relative altitude signal of suspension rail that suspended sensor is perceived.
Using structure of the invention, one kind may be implemented and be suitable for sight spot sightseeing, the application fields such as traffic is low between building The characteristics of vehicles of speed operation, have structure simple, and size is small, low cost.Meanwhile track girder bridge pier land occupation amount is small and is Right of way of uniting is independent, therefore can effectively reduce the cost of engineering-built.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the schematic three dimensional views of overall system architecture.
Fig. 2 is the sectional view of overall system architecture.
Fig. 3 is the side view of overall system architecture.
Fig. 4 is the schematic three dimensional views of buoyant element in box beam.
Fig. 5 is the schematic cross-section of U-shaped electromagnet.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is based on the monorail suspension type maglev train systems of inverted U-shaped suspension rail, are mainly used for scenic spot sightseeing, building The fields such as traffic between space belong to small miniature magnetic-levitation train.
Such as Fig. 1, the monorail suspension type maglev train system based on inverted U-shaped suspension rail, by support column 1, railway box girder 2, this four parts of suspension rack 3, car body 4 form.Support column is fixed on ground, and railway box girder is fixed on the support columns, suspension rack It is mounted in railway box girder, provides the constraint in short transverse by limit beam.Car body is fixed on suspension rack.In system, support Column and railway box girder are fixation members, and suspension rack and car body are moving parts.By the plate suspension rail in railway box girder and hang U-shaped levitating electromagnet interaction on scaffold provides suspension suction and realizes suspension function.
Such as Fig. 2, Fig. 3, shown in Fig. 4, support column is by column 101, suspension cable 102, ground 103) it forms, support column is using high Frame mode plays the role of carrying whole system.
Railway box girder is made of box beam cabinet 201, inverted U-shaped suspension rail 202, limit beam 203, guided way 204.Box beam cabinet 201 fix on the support columns, and inverted U-shaped suspension rail 202 is fixed on top surface on box house, and specific good magnetic property is U-shaped Levitating electromagnet (301 and 302) provides magnetic circuit, and limit beam 203 is arranged in the two sides lower position of railway box girder, and suspension rack does not rise When floating, support is provided by limit beam, guided way 204 is arranged in the two sides medium position of railway box girder, the directive wheel with suspension rack 320 contacts provide anti-side rolling power and driving frictional force.
Suspension rack by U-shaped levitating electromagnet (301 and 302), suspension stringer 303, directive wheel support shaft 304, battery 305, Suspended sensor (311 and 312), suspension controller (313 and 314), directive wheel 320, rotating electric machine 321 form.U-shaped suspends electric Magnet (301 and 302) is fixed on the both ends of suspension stringer 303, and the control electric current that wherein U-shaped levitating electromagnet 301 accesses is by hanging Floating controller 313 provides, and the control electric current that U-shaped levitating electromagnet 302 accesses is provided by suspension controller 314, two suspension controls Device processed is fixed on suspension stringer 303, and suspended sensor 311 is that suspension controller 313 provides hoverheight value, suspended sensor 312 provide hoverheight value for suspension controller 314, and two suspended sensors are fixed on corresponding levitating electromagnet, and four Directive wheel support shaft 304 is fixed on suspension stringer 303, is included hydraulic unit and spring members, is pushed what is be fixed thereon to lead It is pressed on guided way 204 to wheel 320, two driving wheels in four directive wheels are driven by rotating electric machine 321, both undertake suspension rack The anti-function of laterally sidewindering, also takes on the function of driving car body operation, and suspension controller (313 and 314) is outstanding according to what is received Floating height, the input current of control access electromagnet, realizes the suspension function of suspension rack.Battery 305 is mounted on suspension stringer, Energy is provided for the suspension and driving of system.
Train unit is made of secondary suspension system 402 and car body 401, is provided for passenger and is taken space.U-shaped suspension electromagnetism Iron (301 and 302) is fixed on the both ends of suspension stringer 303, by respective suspension controller control realize suspend, while mutually it Between by suspension stringer 303 couple, realize the anti-side rolling function of direction along ng a path.Monorail system refers to the suspension of entire suspension system Rail only has one, that is, is arranged in independent one inverted U-shaped suspension rail 202 of upper top surface center position inside railway box girder 2.
Such as Fig. 5, the section signal of U-shaped levitating electromagnet embodiment and actual size figure, U-iron core 331, suspension air gap 332, line packet 333, the sectional dimension of inverted U-shaped suspension rail 202 is long 200mm, wide 55mm, the wide 25mm of magnetic pole, and corresponding U-shaped suspends The sectional dimension of electromagnet be long 200mm, wide 125mm, the wide 25mm of magnetic pole, single electromagnet length be 1000mm, suspension rail and The material of suspension iron is Q235, and the sectional dimension that electromagnetism iron wire packet fills copper wire is 100mm*150mm, copper wire in electromagnet Filling rate selects 60%, selects every square millimeter of maximum by way of 1.6A electric current, selects suspension air gap 332 for 8mm, by having It limits first simulation analysis and show that two electromagnetism resultant forces between levitating electromagnet and suspension rail are 36562N, can be converted as 3656Kg. The weight of suspension rack and car body is undertaken by the electromagnetic force that levitating electromagnet provides, and wherein suspension rack gross weight is 1200Kg or so, Car body gross weight is 1100Kg or so, and car body design has the space of a driver and four passengers, and load-carrying is set as 600Kg, this The weight of sample, integrated suspension adds up to 2900Kg, is less than 3656Kg.
As seen from the above analysis, electromagnet is capable of providing the suspending power met the requirements.When suspension controller provides suitable size Electric current so that electromagnet generate suspension suction be equal to suspension rack and car body self weight, so that it may realize suspension function, suspend Controller controls the basis source of size of current in the measured value of suspended sensor.Refer in use, being provided by ground remote control mode It enabling or the intracorporal driver of vehicle is by manipulation offer operating instruction, suspension controller controls the electric current that levitating electromagnet line is wrapped, To change the suction between electromagnet and suspension rail, the self weight of itself and entire suspension rack and car body is made to balance each other, realizes and suspend Function.Rotating electric machine drives two active directive wheel rotations, real using the frictional force generated between active directive wheel and guided way The driving function of existing system.Compared to traditional suspension train system, the rubber tire burden under the structure is small, and being conducive to increase makes With the service life, maintenance cost is reduced.
In conclusion a kind of monorail suspension type maglev train system based on inverted U-shaped suspension rail of the present invention, entire to be System has structure simple, the feature of small size, low cost.The low speed operating condition such as traffic between sight spot sightseeing, building can be served Under demand of passenger transport.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of monorail suspension type maglev train system based on inverted U-shaped suspension rail, including by support column suspension strut Monorail formula suspension rail and operate in the train unit on rail, which is characterized in that the suspension rail, which has, is fixed on each The railway box girder (2) extended on dagger and along operating path;Railway box girder (2) has box beam cabinet (201) and is placed in cabinet The suspension rail (202) of side;The box beam cabinet has top plate and is respectively perpendicular to the side plate of top plate two sides;Inverted U-shaped suspension rail (202) it connects firmly on top plate between the side plates;Side plate interior sides have been symmetrically arranged limit beam;In the side plate for limiting the lower section of beam Side is provided with guided way;
Train unit has car body (4) and suspension rack (3), and car body (4) is connected in outstanding by secondary suspension system (402) thereon On scaffold (3);The suspension rack (3) has suspension stringer (303), and the cross section of suspension stringer (303) is T-shaped, including transverse slat And riser;Transverse slat is located at the top of box beam cabinet (201) limit beam and its width is greater than the intermediate gaps width for limiting beam;Along perpendicular The two sides of plate are equipped with two groups of front and back directive wheel respectively on the length direction of suspension stringer (303), and directive wheel passes through directive wheel branch It supports in axis connection to suspension stringer (303);Rotating electric machine (321) is placed on riser;At least one group is served as reasons in two groups of directive wheels The driving wheel of rotating electric machine (321) driving;The top of the transverse slat of suspension stringer (303), the length direction along suspension stringer (303) The upper inverted U-shaped suspension rail of face (202) position is respectively set there are two U-shaped levitating electromagnet (301 and 302), each U-shaped suspension electromagnetism Iron connect with the suspension controller for controlling its size of current, each suspension controller receive suspension rack that suspended sensor is perceived and Suspension rail (202) relative altitude signal.
2. the monorail suspension type maglev train system based on inverted U-shaped suspension rail, feature exist as described in claim 1 In the U-shaped levitating electromagnet constitutes suspension type magnetic suspension with inverted U-shaped suspension rail (202) and couples, a train unit configuration two A U-shaped levitating electromagnet.
3. the monorail suspension type maglev train system based on inverted U-shaped suspension rail, feature exist as described in claim 1 In, be equipped in the directive wheel support shaft for make directive wheel patch guiding track surface hydraulic unit or spring members.
CN201910521120.9A 2019-06-17 2019-06-17 A kind of monorail suspension type maglev train system based on inverted U-shaped suspension rail Pending CN110182058A (en)

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CN201910521120.9A CN110182058A (en) 2019-06-17 2019-06-17 A kind of monorail suspension type maglev train system based on inverted U-shaped suspension rail

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CN201910521120.9A CN110182058A (en) 2019-06-17 2019-06-17 A kind of monorail suspension type maglev train system based on inverted U-shaped suspension rail

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112519804A (en) * 2019-09-18 2021-03-19 江西理工大学 Suspension type hybrid magnetic suspension rail transit system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112519804A (en) * 2019-09-18 2021-03-19 江西理工大学 Suspension type hybrid magnetic suspension rail transit system

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