CN110077771A - A kind of handling device and lifting device - Google Patents

A kind of handling device and lifting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110077771A
CN110077771A CN201910418014.8A CN201910418014A CN110077771A CN 110077771 A CN110077771 A CN 110077771A CN 201910418014 A CN201910418014 A CN 201910418014A CN 110077771 A CN110077771 A CN 110077771A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed part
movement portion
movement
handling device
driving
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201910418014.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110077771B (en
Inventor
周正山
陈再兴
刘宝军
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shanghai Zhenghua Heavy Industries Co Ltd
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Shanghai Zhenghua Heavy Industries Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910418014.8A priority Critical patent/CN110077771B/en
Publication of CN110077771A publication Critical patent/CN110077771A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110077771B publication Critical patent/CN110077771B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G1/00Storing articles, individually or in orderly arrangement, in warehouses or magazines
    • B65G1/02Storage devices
    • B65G1/04Storage devices mechanical
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling-stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/08Garages for many vehicles
    • E04H6/12Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles
    • E04H6/18Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with means for transport in vertical direction only or independently in vertical and horizontal directions
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling-stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/08Garages for many vehicles
    • E04H6/12Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles
    • E04H6/18Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with means for transport in vertical direction only or independently in vertical and horizontal directions
    • E04H6/20Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with means for transport in vertical direction only or independently in vertical and horizontal directions characterised by use of conveyor chains or rotatable rollers for horizontal transport

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Warehouses Or Storage Devices (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention relates to haulage equipment technical fields, more particularly to a kind of handling device and lifting device, handling device includes fixed part, first movement portion and driving portion, fixed part extends in a first direction, first movement portion is set on fixed part, it can be moved on fixed part, driving portion is connect with first movement portion, drives first movement portion.First movement portion is arranged in handling device provided by the invention on fixed part, the access by the flexible realization in first movement portion to vehicle, and first movement portion is arranged on fixed part, can bear biggish load in the weight transfer to fixed part of vehicle.First movement portion can on fixed part bi-directional expansion, be easy to use.No matter whether first movement portion, which is retracted on fixed part, can bear relatively large load.Multiple handling devices, which are arranged, in lifting device provided by the invention on lift frame can realize the storage, taking-up and transhipment of vehicle, easy to use, easy to operate.

Description

A kind of handling device and lifting device
Technical field
The present invention relates to haulage equipment technical fields, in particular to a kind of handling device and lifting device.
Background technique
It being quickly propelled with the development of science and technology with automation, haulage equipment is widely used in various industries, Such as in harbour, warehouse and stereo garage, haulage equipment all has very important position, can be realized cargo or vehicle Fast removal greatly improves handling efficiency, brings great convenience to storage work and the trip of people.
With the increasingly increase of car ownership, Urban Traffic Jam Based is more and more severeer, greatly develop public transport, Advocating bus trip and building parking systems is two kinds of effective ways for solving Urban Traffic Jam Based.But public transport is big Bar vehicle takes up a large area, and weight is big, difficult big when being carried using traditional mechanical-hydraulic haulage equipment.
In addition, the mode of transport of traditional warehouse-type garage vehicle is clamping tire type, this mode structure is simple, installs Convenient, if the Chinese patent of Publication No. CN1629436A discloses a kind of device and method for clamping vehicle, patent institute is public The scenario-frame opened is simple, can neatly be automatically positioned, and clamps the vehicle of different wheelbases.Aforesaid way is driven due to hydraulic cylinder The limitation of mechanism and structure type, so that needing length space big when entire carrying mechanism operation, therefore limited for space Garage, will receive limitation using the device of above-mentioned clamping vehicle.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of handling devices, to solve the not side of vehicle conveying device use in the prior art Just the problem of.
To achieve the goals above, the present invention provides a kind of handling devices, comprising:
Fixed part extends in a first direction;
First movement portion is set on fixed part, can move on fixed part along a first direction;
Driving portion is connect with first movement portion, for driving first movement portion.
Optionally, handling device further include:
Second moving portion, be set to first movement portion on, can along a first direction with the relative motion of first movement portion,
Driving section, for the power in first movement portion to be passed to the second moving portion, wherein
The direction of motion of second moving portion is identical as the direction of motion in first movement portion.
Optionally, the first guide groove is equipped on fixed part along a first direction, first movement portion is at least partially disposed at first and leads In slot.
Optionally, the first guide support portion is equipped between the side wall of the first guide groove and the lower sides in first movement portion, the One guide support portion is contacted with the side wall of the first guide groove with the lower sides in first movement portion respectively.
Optionally, the first guide support portion includes the first idler wheel and the first guide support slot, and the first idler wheel is set to first and leads The side wall of slot, the first guide support slot are set to the lower sides in first movement portion, and the first idler wheel is located in the first guide support slot.
Optionally, driving portion be include driving motor and drive gear set, fixed part and driving motor are fixed at outside On mounting platform, driving motor drives first movement portion to connect by drive gear set.
Optionally, drive gear set includes driving gear, transmission gear and rack gear, and transmission gear is set to external mounting platform Or on fixed part, rack gear is set in first movement portion, is engaged with transmission gear.
Optionally, first movement portion has cavity, and cavity opening is towards the bottom surface of the first guide groove, and rack gear is along a first direction In cavity, transmission gear is set on fixed part, and is located in cavity, is engaged with rack.
Optionally, the second guide groove is equipped in the second moving portion along a first direction, the second moving portion passes through the second guide groove card It is located at first movement portion, first movement portion is at least partially disposed in the second guide groove.
Optionally, the second guide support portion is equipped between the side wall of the second guide groove and the upper portion side wall in first movement portion, the Two guide support portions are contacted with the side wall of the second guide groove with the upper portion side wall in first movement portion respectively.
Optionally, the second guide support portion includes the second idler wheel and the second guide support slot, and the second idler wheel is set to second and leads The side wall of slot, the second guide support slot are set to the upper portion side wall in first movement portion, and the second idler wheel is located in the second guide support slot.
Optionally, along a first direction, fixed part, first movement portion and the second moving portion all have positioned at the same side One end and the second end opposite with first end, driving section include the first chain, the second chain, the first sprocket wheel and the second sprocket wheel, In,
First sprocket wheel is set to the second end in first movement portion, and the second sprocket wheel is set to the first end in first movement portion, the first chain Wheel is located at the first perpendicular, and the second sprocket wheel is located at the second perpendicular, and the first perpendicular and the second perpendicular interval are set It sets,
One end of first chain is set to the first end of fixed part, and the other end is set to the second moving portion after bypassing the first sprocket wheel First end, one end of the second chain are set to the second end of fixed part, and the other end is set to the second moving portion after bypassing the second sprocket wheel Second end.
Optionally, the first end of fixed part is equipped with the first regulating part, connect with the end of the first chain, the second of fixed part End is equipped with the second regulating part, connect with the end of the second chain.
The present invention also provides a kind of lifting devices, comprising:
Mobile framework, mobile framework are equipped with driving mechanism;
Lift frame is set in mobile framework, extends in a second direction, is connect by promoting medium with driving mechanism, energy It is enough to rise or decline along third direction under the action of the driving mechanism;
Handling device described in any of the above-described embodiment is set on lift frame, the first direction of handling device perpendicular to Second direction, wherein
Two handling devices are at least equipped at intervals with along second direction, on lift frame.
Optionally, the driving portion of handling device includes drive gear set, and drive gear set includes driving gear, transmission gear And rack gear, rack gear are set in first movement portion, transmission gear is set on lift frame or fixed part, wherein
It is equipped with transmission shaft along second direction on lift frame, the driving gear of each handling device is all provided in transmission shaft On, transmission shaft is connect with the driving motor being set on lift frame.
As above, a kind of handling device provided by the invention is moved by the way that first movement portion is arranged on fixed part by first Access of the flexible realization in dynamic portion to vehicle, when not having vehicle in first movement portion, first movement portion can be contracted in On fixed part, handling device the space occupied can be reduced.Meanwhile first movement portion can on fixed part bi-directional expansion, just In use, no matter whether first movement portion, which is retracted on fixed part, can bear relatively large load.In addition, the setting of first movement portion exists On fixed part, biggish load can be born by the weight transfer to fixed part of vehicle.
Further, the present invention also provides a kind of lifting devices, more by being equipped on the lift frame of lifting device Handling device in a above-described embodiment can be very good to realize storage, taking-up and the transhipment of vehicle, easy to use, operation letter It is single.
For above content of the invention can be clearer and more comprehensible, be cited below particularly preferred embodiment and in conjunction with attached drawing specifically It is bright.
Detailed description of the invention
The accompanying drawings constituting a part of this application is used to provide further understanding of the present invention, and of the invention shows Examples and descriptions thereof are used to explain the present invention for meaning property, does not constitute improper limitations of the present invention.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 diagrammatically illustrates a kind of side block diagram of handling device of the invention;
Fig. 2 diagrammatically illustrates a kind of view profile of handling device of the invention;
Fig. 3 diagrammatically illustrates the scheme of installation of the first chain and the first sprocket wheel in a kind of handling device of the invention;
Fig. 4 diagrammatically illustrates the scheme of installation of the second chain and the second sprocket wheel in a kind of handling device of the invention;
Fig. 5 diagrammatically illustrates a kind of side block diagram of lifting device of the invention;
Fig. 6 diagrammatically illustrates a kind of local structural graph of lifting device of the invention;
Fig. 7 diagrammatically illustrates the overlooking structure figure of lift frame in a kind of lifting device of the invention.
Specific embodiment
Embodiments of the present invention are illustrated by particular specific embodiment below, those skilled in the art can be by this specification Revealed content is understood other advantages and efficacy of the present invention easily.Although description of the invention will combine preferred embodiment It introduces together, but this feature for not representing the invention is only limitted to the embodiment.On the contrary, being invented in conjunction with embodiment The purpose of introduction is to be possible to the other selections extended or transformation to cover based on claim of the invention.In order to mention For that will include many concrete details in depth understanding of the invention, being described below.The present invention can also be thin without using these Section is implemented.In addition, in order to avoid confusion or obscuring emphasis of the invention, some details will be omitted in the de-scription.
It should be noted that in the absence of conflict, the features in the embodiments and the embodiments of the present application can phase Mutually combination.The present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
Referring to shown in Fig. 1-4, the embodiment provides a kind of handling devices 1, including fixed part 10, first movement Portion 11 and driving portion 12, wherein fixed part 10 extends along first direction Y, and first movement portion 11 is set on fixed part 10, Neng Gouyan First direction Y moved on fixed part 10, driving portion 12 is connect with first movement portion 11, for driving first movement portion 11.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, first direction Y is the length extending direction of fixed part 10 referring to shown in Fig. 1-4, First movement portion 11 can move under the driving of driving portion 12 along the length extending direction of fixed part 10.Referring to Fig. 1-4 institute Show, the handling device 1 of the present embodiment is mainly made of fixed part 10, first movement portion 11 and driving portion 12, wherein fixed part 10 It is mounted in external platform (such as piler, elevator), first movement portion 11 is set on fixed part 10, driving portion 12 and first Moving portion 11 connects, and for driving first movement portion 11, Y is moved on fixed part 10 along a first direction.
When in use, first movement portion 11 can under the driving of driving portion 12 along a first direction Y from fixed part 10 One end is stretched out, and can extend into the bottom of vehicle, and under the drive of external platform, the first movement portion 11 of stretching can be by vehicle It lifts.Then under the driving of driving portion 12, vehicle can be placed in the top of fixed part 10 by first movement portion 11.Work as outside Platform promotes vehicle to after suitable height, and driving portion 12 drives first movement portion 11 to stretch out from one end of fixed part 10, will Vehicle is placed on the position stored in stereo garage, completes the process of bicycle parking.Conversely, for the process picked up the car.
In other embodiments, first movement portion under the driving of driving portion along a first direction Y from one end of fixed part It after protruding into the bottom of vehicle, can not also be retracted on fixed part, by vehicle conveying to depositing directly under the drive of external platform The height put carries fast, is able to bear biggish load.
It should be noted that type of vehicle and structure that the present invention carries handling device are without limitation, it can be according to reality The applicable cases on border are selected.In the present embodiment, handling device is mainly used for carrying large-tonnage bus, large-tonnage cargo Or car.In other embodiments, handling device can be used for the carrying of object in various warehouse logistics, such as in post office Shou Ji department, express company the occasions such as warehouse department.
First movement portion is arranged in the present invention on fixed part, the access by the flexible realization in first movement portion to vehicle, When not having vehicle in first movement portion, first movement portion can be contracted on fixed part, can be reduced handling device and be accounted for Space.Meanwhile first movement portion can on fixed part bi-directional expansion, be easy to use.In addition, the setting of first movement portion exists On fixed part, biggish load can be born by the weight transfer to fixed part of vehicle.
It further, further include the second moving portion 13 and driving section in handling device 1 of the invention referring to shown in Fig. 1-4 14, wherein the second moving portion 13 is set in first movement portion 11, can be transported relatively in Y and first movement portion 11 along a first direction Dynamic, driving section 14 is used to the power in first movement portion 11 passing to the second moving portion 13, the direction of motion of the second moving portion 13 It is identical as the direction of motion in first movement portion 11.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, the second moving portion 13 is additionally provided in first movement portion 11 referring to shown in Fig. 1-4, the One moving portion 11 can support and guide the second moving portion 13 to move, and driving section 14 is arranged on handling device 1, be used for first The power of moving portion 11 passes to the second moving portion 13, the direction of motion of the second moving portion 13 and the movement side in first movement portion 11 To identical.
Further, referring to shown in Fig. 1-4, Y is equipped with the first guide groove along a first direction on fixed part 10 of the invention 100, first movement portion 11 is at least partially disposed in the first guide groove 100.That is, fixed part 10 is equipped with for installing first First guide groove 100 of moving portion 11, first movement portion 11 are installed in the first guide groove 100, can be under the driving of driving portion 12 Y motion along a first direction under guidance with the first guide groove 100.
It should be noted that first movement portion is at least partially disposed in the first guide groove, it can be part and be located at the first guide groove It is interior, it is also possible to be entirely located in the first guide groove, which is not limited by the present invention, can reasonably be selected according to actual needs It selects.In the present embodiment, 11 part of first movement portion is located in the first guide groove 100, both can ensure that fixed part 10 to first in this way Moving portion 11 carries out reliable and stable guidance and support, it is also possible that 11 top of first movement portion is reserved with enough installation skies Between, for the installation of the second moving portion 13, structure setting is reasonable, reliable and stable.
In order to ensure fixed part can be reliable and stable support and guide the movement in first movement portion, referring to shown in Fig. 1-4, In the present invention, the first guide support portion is equipped between the side wall of the first guide groove 100 and the lower sides 111 in first movement portion 11 15, the first guide support portion 15 is contacted with the side wall of the first guide groove 100 with the lower sides 111 in first movement portion 11 respectively.It is logical Cross the first guide support portion 15 is set between the side wall of the first guide groove 100 and the lower sides 111 in first movement portion 11 can Make fixed part 10 be supported and guide first movement portion 11 well, first movement portion 11 one end along first party When stretching out out of first guide groove 100 to Y, first movement portion 11 is located at the part in the first guide groove 100 can be by the first guiding The load that first movement portion 11 undertakes is transmitted on fixed part 10 by support portion 15, so that fixed part 10 supports first movement portion 11 With the load in first movement portion 11.
It should be noted that the present invention for the first guide support portion specific structure without limitation, can be according to reality It needs reasonably to be arranged, such as the first guide support portion can be guide groove guide block structure, can be guide groove roll structure, can also To be guide groove roller structure.Referring to shown in Fig. 1-4, in the present embodiment, the first guide support portion 15 uses guide groove idler wheel knot Structure, guide groove roller structure can not only will be put down between the side wall of the first guide groove 100 and the lower sides 111 in first movement portion 11 Face friction is converted to rolling friction, first movement portion 11 is smoothly moved in the first guide groove 100, while can also Reliable and stable support first movement portion 11.
Specifically, referring to shown in Fig. 1-4, in the present embodiment, the first guide support portion 15 includes the first idler wheel 150 and the One guide support slot 151, the first idler wheel 150 are set to the side wall of the first guide groove 100, and the first guide support slot 151 is set to first and moves The lower sides 111 in dynamic portion 11, the first idler wheel 150 are located in the first guide support slot 151.In the present embodiment, the first guide groove 100 be U-type groove, along a first direction Y, and the two sidewalls of the first guide groove 100 are equipped with multiple first idler wheels 150, first movement portion 11 Lower sides 111 in the first guide groove 100 are equipped with the first guide support slot 151, and the first idler wheel 150 is located at the first guiding branch It supports in slot 151, the axis horizontal of the first idler wheel 150 is arranged.
When first movement portion 11 is when the first guide groove 100 moves, between the first idler wheel 150 and the first guide support slot 151 Occur rolling friction, the first idler wheel 150 support and guide under, first movement portion 11 can it is reliable and stable along a first direction Y is moved in the first guide groove 100.When having load in first movement portion 11, on the lower sides 111 in first movement portion 11 One guide support slot 151 can compress the first idler wheel 150, and the pressure of load is transmitted to fixed part 10 by the first idler wheel 150 On, realize that fixed part 10 to the support function in first movement portion 11, is able to bear larger moment of flexure.
Further, referring to shown in Fig. 1-4, in the present invention, driving portion 12 be include driving motor 120 and driving gear Group 121, fixed part 10 and driving motor 120 are fixed on external mounting platform 00, and driving motor 120 passes through drive gear set 121 driving first movement portions 11 connect.
That is, driving portion 12 is mainly made of driving motor 120 and drive gear set 121, driving motor 120 is driven Drive gear set 121 rotates, and reliablely and stablely imparts power to first movement portion 11 by drive gear set 121, so that First movement portion 11 moves on fixed part 10.The present invention is realized between driving motor and first movement portion by drive gear set Power transmitting, drive gear set transmission ratio is more accurate, and high-efficient, compact-sized, reliable operation, the service life is long, and can stablize can The transmitting of the realization power leaned on.
In the present embodiment, fixed part 10 and driving motor 120 are fixed on external mounting platform 00, drive gear set 121 can be set on external mounting platform 00 according to the difference of structure snd size, also can be set on fixed part 10, may be used also It is arranged on external mounting platform 00 with part, part is arranged on fixed part 10, wherein external mounting platform 00 can be heap Stack machine is also possible to lifting device.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, drive gear set 121 includes driving gear 122, driving cog referring to shown in Fig. 1-4 Wheel 123 and rack gear 124, transmission gear 123 are set on external mounting platform 00 or fixed part 10, and rack gear 124 is set to first and moves In dynamic portion 11, engaged with transmission gear 123.Wherein, driving gear 122 is arranged on the motor shaft of driving motor 120, motor shaft By driving gear 122 to impart power to transmission gear 123, transmission gear 123 is engaged with rack gear 124, can drive first Moving portion 11 moves.When the structure snd size of transmission gear 123 are smaller, transmission gear 123 can be arranged by bracket solid Determine in portion 10, reliable and stable power can be transmitted to first movement portion 11 from driving gear 122.When transmission gear 123 When structure snd size are larger, transmission gear 123 be can be set on external mounting platform 00, facilitate installation, easy to disassemble and dimension Shield.
Referring to shown in Fig. 1-4, in the present embodiment, first movement portion 11 has a cavity 110, and the opening of cavity 110 is towards the The bottom surface of one guide groove 100, Y is set in cavity 110 rack gear 124 along a first direction, and transmission gear 123 is set on fixed part 10, And be located in cavity 110, it is engaged with rack gear 124.That is, the bottom in first movement portion 11 is equipped with opening towards the first guide groove The cavity 110 of 100 bottom surfaces, transmission gear 123, which is fixed by the bracket, to be arranged on fixed part 10, and is located in cavity 110.
It should be noted that the present invention for rack gear and transmission gear specific structure with no restrictions, can be according to reality It needs to be configured, if the transmission gear being engaged with rack is straight spur gear, rack gear is spur rack, and is located at recessed The top of chamber, if the transmission gear being engaged with rack is helical gears, rack gear is diagonal-cut rack, and is located at cavity Top or two sidewalls.Referring to shown in Fig. 1-4, in the present embodiment, transmission gear 123 is straight spur gear, and rack gear 124 is Spur rack, positioned at the top of cavity 110.In other embodiments, rack gear and transmission gear can also be other structures, not send out It is bright not limit this, as long as reliable and stable first movement portion can be passed to the power of driving motor.
In order to ensure the second moving portion reliable and stable can move in first movement portion, referring to shown in Fig. 1-4, at this In invention, Y is equipped with the second guide groove 130 along a first direction in the second moving portion 13, and the second moving portion 13 passes through the second guide groove 130 It is fastened on first movement portion 11, first movement portion 11 is at least partially disposed in the second guide groove 130.That is, the second moving portion 13 sides contacted with first movement portion 11 are equipped with the second guide groove 130, and are fastened on first movement portion 11 by the second guide groove 130 Top, the upper part in first movement portion 11 is located in the second guide groove 130, both can ensure that first movement portion 11 to second in this way Moving portion 13 carries out reliable and stable guidance and support, it is also possible that the lower part in first movement portion 11 is reserved with enough installations Space is installed on fixed part 10 convenient for first movement portion 11, and structure setting is reasonable, reliable and stable.
Referring to shown in Fig. 1-4, in the present embodiment, the second guide groove 130 is fall U of the opening towards 11 top of first movement portion Type groove, the top for being fastened in first movement portion 11 that can be reliable and stable enables the second moving portion 13 in first movement portion Y motion along a first direction under 11 support and guidance.In order to enable the second moving portion 13 is not interfered with fixed part 10, ginseng As shown in Fig. 1-4, in the present embodiment, two middle side parts in first movement portion 11 are equipped with protrusion 113, so that fixed part 10 and second The case where being isolated between moving portion 13, avoid the occurrence of interference, it is ensured that the operation that entire haulage equipment can be reliable and stable.
In order to ensure first movement portion can be reliable and stable support and guide the second moving portion movement, referring to Fig. 1-4 It is shown, it is equipped with the second guiding in the present invention, between the side wall of the second guide groove 130 and the upper portion side wall 112 in first movement portion 11 Support portion 16, the second guide support portion 16 connect with the side wall of the second guide groove 130 and the upper portion side wall 112 in first movement portion 11 respectively Touching.By the way that the second guide support portion 16 is arranged between the side wall of the second guide groove 130 and the upper portion side wall 112 in first movement portion 11 First movement portion 11 can be made to be supported and guide the second moving portion 13 well, on one end edge of the second moving portion 13 First direction Y from 11 one end of first movement portion stretch out when, the part that first movement portion 11 is located in the second guide groove can pass through The load that second moving portion 13 undertakes is transmitted in first movement portion 11 by the second guide support portion 16, and passes through first movement portion 11 are transmitted to again on fixed part 10, so that fixed part 10 supports the load in first movement portion 11 and the second moving portion 13.
It should be noted that the present invention for the second guide support portion specific structure without limitation, can be according to reality It needs reasonably to be arranged, such as the second guide support portion can be guide groove guide block structure, can be guide groove roll structure, can also To be guide groove roller structure.Referring to shown in Fig. 1-4, in the present embodiment, the second guide support portion 16 uses guide groove idler wheel knot Structure, guide groove roller structure can not only will be put down between the side wall of the second guide groove 100 and the upper portion side wall 112 in first movement portion 11 Face friction is converted to rolling friction, the second moving portion 13 is smoothly moved in first movement portion 11, while can also Enough reliable and stable the second moving portions of support 13.
Specifically, referring to shown in Fig. 1-4, in the present embodiment, the second guide support portion 16 includes the second idler wheel 160 and the Two guide support slots 161, the second idler wheel 160 are set to the side wall of the second guide groove 130, and the second guide support slot 161 is set to first and moves The upper portion side wall 112 in dynamic portion 11, the second idler wheel 160 are located in the second guide support slot 161.In the present embodiment, the second guide groove 100 be inverted U slot, along a first direction Y, and the two sidewalls of the second guide groove 100 are equipped with multiple second idler wheels 160, first movement portion 11 upper portion side wall 112 is equipped with the second guide support slot 161, and the second idler wheel 160 is located in the second guide support slot 161, and second The axis horizontal of idler wheel 160 is arranged.
When the second moving portion 13 moves in first movement portion 11, the second idler wheel 160 and the second guide support slot 161 it Between rolling friction occurs, the second idler wheel 160 support and guide under, the second moving portion 13 can be reliable and stable along first party It is moved in first movement portion 11 to Y.The second idler wheel when having load in the second moving portion 13, on 130 side wall of the second guide groove 160 can compress the second guide support slot 161 in 11 upper portion side wall 112 of first movement portion, and will load by the second idler wheel 160 Pressure be transmitted in first movement portion 11, realize in first movement portion 11 to the support function of the second moving portion 13, by the The pressure of load is transmitted on fixed part 10 by one moving portion 11 again, so that fixed part 10 supports first movement portion 11 and second to move Load in dynamic portion 13, and bear the moment of flexure of load pressure generation.
Referring to shown in Fig. 1-4, in the present invention, Y, fixed part 10, first movement portion 11 and second are moved along a first direction Dynamic portion 13 all has first end A0/A1/A3 and the second end B0/B1/B3 opposite with first end A0/A1/A3 positioned at the same side, Driving section 14 includes the first chain 140, the second chain 141, the first sprocket wheel 142 and the second sprocket wheel 143, wherein the first sprocket wheel 142 Second end B1 set on first movement portion 11, the second sprocket wheel 143 are set to the first end A1 in first movement portion 11, the first sprocket wheel 142 Positioned at the first perpendicular P1, the second sprocket wheel 143 is located at the second perpendicular P2, the first perpendicular P1 and the second perpendicular The setting of the interval P2, one end of the first chain 140 are set to the first end A0 of fixed part 10, and the other end is set after bypassing the first sprocket wheel 142 In the first end A3 of the second moving portion 13, one end of the second chain 141 is set to the second end B0 of fixed part 10, and the other end is around the The second end B3 of the second moving portion 13 is set to after two sprocket wheels 143.
Specifically, referring to shown in Fig. 1-4, in the present embodiment, fixed part 10 have first end A0 and with first end A0 phase Pair second end B0, first movement portion 11 have the first end A1 and second end B1 opposite with first end A1, the second moving portion 13 With first end A3 and the second end B3 opposite with first end A3, the first end A1 in first movement portion 11 is equipped with the second sprocket wheel 143, The second end B1 in first movement portion 11 is equipped with the first sprocket wheel 142, and one end of the first chain 140 is set to the first end of fixed part 10 A0, the other end are set to solid around the first end A3 for being set to the second moving portion 13 after the first sprocket wheel 142, one end of the second chain 141 Determine the second end B0 in portion 10, the other end is around the second end B3 for being set to the second moving portion 13 after the second sprocket wheel 143, the first chain 140, the second chain 141, the first sprocket wheel 142 and the second sprocket wheel 143 have collectively constituted driving section 14.
In the process of running, when driving portion 12 drives first movement portion 11 to move, first movement portion 11 can pass through setting The first sprocket wheel 142 and the second sprocket wheel 143 and the first chain 140 in first movement portion 11 and the driving of the second chain 141 the Two moving portions 13 are moved with first movement portion 11 towards identical direction.Specifically, referring to shown in Fig. 1-4, in the present embodiment, When driving portion 12 drives the right movement of Y-direction (stretch out to the right or return to middle part from left side) along a first direction of first movement portion 11 When, first movement portion 11 pushes the second moving portion 13 to transport along first movement portion 11 by the first sprocket wheel 142 and the first chain 140 Dynamic direction movement.One end of first chain 140 is set to the first end A0 of fixed part 10, after the other end bypasses the first sprocket wheel 142 Set on the first end A3 of the second moving portion 13, during the motion, the first sprocket wheel 142 tenses the first chain 140, passes through the first chain Item 140 pulls the second moving portion 13, so that the second moving portion 13 is moved along the direction that first movement portion 11 moves.
Referring to shown in Fig. 1-4, in the present embodiment, when driving portion 12 drives the Y-direction along a first direction of first movement portion 11 When left movement (stretch out to the left or return to middle part from right side), first movement portion 11 passes through the second sprocket wheel 143 and the second chain 141 The second moving portion 13 is pushed to move along the direction that first movement portion 11 moves.One end of second chain 141 is set to fixed part 10 Second end B0, the other end bypasses the second end B3 that the second moving portion 13 is set to after the second sprocket wheel 143, during the motion, the Two sprocket wheels 143 tense the second chain 141, by the second chain 141 pull the second moving portion 13 so that the second moving portion 13 along The direction movement that first movement portion 11 moves.
It is shown in Figure 2 in order to avoid the first chain and the second chain interfere during the motion, in the present embodiment In, the first sprocket wheel 142 is located at the first perpendicular P1, and the second sprocket wheel 143 is located at the second perpendicular P2, the first perpendicular P1 Be arranged with the second interval perpendicular P2, namely Y along a first direction, the first perpendicular P1 where the first sprocket wheel 142 and The second perpendicular P2 where second sprocket wheel 143 in the same plane, between the two every setting, does not enable to the first sprocket wheel 142 and first chain 140 moved in different perpendiculars from the second sprocket wheel 143 and the second chain 141, avoid sprocket wheel or The case where chain is interfered, it is ensured that the reliable and stable movement of whole device.
Due in use it is possible that the case where chain fluffs, and also to chain is more easily installed, Referring to shown in Fig. 1-4, in the present embodiment, the first end A0 of fixed part 10 is equipped with the first regulating part 144, with the first chain 140 End connection, the second end B0 of fixed part 10 is equipped with the second regulating part 145, connect with the end of the second chain 141.By The both ends of fixed part 10 are respectively set the first regulating part 144 and the second regulating part 145 and can be very good to adjust the elasticity of chain, The case where avoiding the occurrence of chain excessive jitter, it is ensured that the reliable and stable operation of device.
It should be noted that the present invention to the specific structure of the first regulating part and the second regulating part without limitation, Ke Yigen It is configured according to actual needs.Specifically, in the present embodiment, the first regulating part 144 and the second regulating part 145 are by adjusting spiral shell Bar and elastic component composition, adjusting screw rod are mounted on fixed part 10 by fixing seat, and one end passes through the end of elastic component and chain Connection can make elastic component tense chain, it is ensured that chain has enough tension and chain when chain fluffs by rotating adjusting screw rod Wheel cooperation.
Referring to shown in Fig. 5-7, the present invention also provides a kind of lifting devices 2, including mobile framework 20,22 and of lift frame Handling device 1 described in any of the above-described embodiment, mobile framework 20 are equipped with driving mechanism 21, and lift frame 22 is set to movable frame In frame 20, X extends in a second direction, and lift frame 22 is connect by promoting medium 23 with driving mechanism 21, can be in driving machine Rising or decline along third direction Z under the action of structure 21, handling device 1 is set on lift frame 22, and the of handling device 1 One direction Y is perpendicular to second direction X, wherein along second direction X, 22 are at least equipped at intervals with two carrying dresses on lift frame Set 1.
That is, mobile framework 20 is the rack of whole equipment, the bottom of mobile framework 20 is equipped with support wheel 203, just In the movement of mobile framework 20, driving mechanism 21 is located in mobile framework 20, and handling device 1 is arranged on lift frame 22, is mentioned It rises frame 22 to be set in mobile framework 20, lift frame 22 is connect by promoting medium 23 with driving mechanism 21, driving mechanism 21 It promotes medium 23 by tightening and loosening and is promoted and the lift frame 22 that lands.
In the present embodiment, second direction X is the horizontal length direction of mobile framework 20, and third direction Z is mobile framework 20 vertical short transverse, the horizontal width direction that handling device 1 moves along frame 20 are arranged on lift frame 22, are removing Under the action of the driving portion 12 of shipping unit 1, the first movement portion 11 of handling device 1 and the second moving portion 13 can be along first party It is extended to Y towards the side of lift frame 22.
In order to increase the hoisting power of lifting device, it is ensured that lifting device reliable and stable can promote vehicle, referring to Shown in Fig. 5-7, in the present embodiment, along second direction X, 22 are at least equipped at intervals with two handling devices 1 on lift frame.
That is, at least set on lift frame 22 there are two handling device 1, multiple handling devices 1 are along second party It is arranged at intervals on lift frame 22 to X, the side of lift frame 22 can be stretched to Y along a first direction, protruded into and be located at promotion The vehicle bottom of 22 side of frame.Lift frame 22 rises a small amount of distance under the action of driving mechanism 21, so that vehicle leaves Ground, handling device 1 are retracted into fixed part 10 with the vehicle being elevated, will be on vehicle conveying to lifting device 2.Later, exist Driving mechanism 21 continues under effect, and lift frame 22 persistently rises, after vehicle to be transported to specified height, handling device 1 Vehicle is transferred out again, is placed on specified position, completes the process of car stowage.
In other embodiments, the first movement portion of handling device is under the driving of driving portion along a first direction from promotion It after the bottom of vehicle is protruded into the side of frame, can not also be retracted on fixed part, directly by vehicle under the drive of lift frame It is transported to the height of storage, carries quick, is able to bear biggish load.
It should be noted that type of vehicle and structure that the present invention carries lifting device are without limitation, it can be according to reality The applicable cases on border are selected.In the present embodiment, lifting device is mainly used for carrying large-tonnage bus, large-tonnage cargo Or the vehicles such as car.In other embodiments, lifting device can also be applied to the carrying of other objects or cargo.
Referring to shown in Fig. 5-7, in the present invention, the driving portion 12 of handling device 1 includes drive gear set 121, sliding tooth Wheel group 121 includes driving gear 122, transmission gear 123 and rack gear 124, and rack gear 124 is set in first movement portion 11, driving cog Wheel 123 is set on lift frame 22 or fixed part 10, wherein is equipped with transmission shaft along second direction X on lift frame 22 125, the driving gear 122 of each handling device 1 be set to transmission shaft 125 on, transmission shaft 125 be set to lift frame 22 on Driving motor 120 connects.
In order to save installation space and mitigate the weight of handling device, referring to shown in Fig. 5-7, in the present embodiment, carry The driving portion 12 of device 1 includes drive gear set 121, is equipped with transmission shaft 125 along second direction X on lift frame 22, each The driving gear 122 of handling device 1 is set on transmission shaft 125, that is to say, that moves along the horizontal length side of frame 20 To lift frame 22 is equipped with transmission shaft 125, and transmission shaft 125 is connect with the driving motor 120 being set on lift frame 22, passes Moving axis 125 is connect with multiple drive gear sets 121, the power of driving motor 120 can be transmitted to multiple drive gear sets 121.It drives multiple handling devices 1 to move by a transmission shaft 125, can not only realize that multiple handling devices 1 move synchronously, And the installation space of the driving portion 12 of handling device 1 can be reduced, reduce the weight of driving portion 12, so that entire lifting device 2 more reasonable structure, it is more convenient to run.
Specifically, referring to Fig. 5-7 and combining shown in Fig. 1-2, in the present embodiment, drive gear set 121 includes sliding tooth Wheel 122, transmission gear 123 and rack gear 124, rack gear 124 are set in first movement portion 11, and transmission gear 123 is set to lift frame 22 or fixed part 10 on, the driving setting of gear 122, can be by the torque transfer on transmission shaft 125 to transmission in transmission shaft 125 Gear 123 and rack gear 124, and then drive first movement portion 11 and the movement of the second moving portion 13 of handling device 1.
In order to enable driving mechanism can smoothly go up and down lift frame, avoid the occurrence of between lift frame and mobile framework It rubs, it is shown in Figure 5, in the present embodiment, guiding parts 201 is equipped between lift frame 22 and mobile framework 20, Specifically, guiding parts 201 can be sliding block guide barrel construction, it is also possible to Guiding wheel structure, can be fitted according to actual needs When selection, which is not limited by the present invention.
In addition, shown in Figure 5, in the present invention, the upper and lower part of 20 inside of mobile framework is equipped with buffer unit 200, specifically, buffer unit 200 can be spring, it is also possible to flexible cushion (such as rubber pad, foam-rubber cushion), also It can be elastic cylinder or elastic hydraulic cylinder, which is not limited by the present invention, can be selected according to actual needs.Pass through Upper and lower part setting buffer unit 200 in the inside of mobile framework 20 can be good at avoiding lift frame 22 rising or It is collided during decline with mobile framework 20, it is ensured that the operation that whole device can be reliable and stable.
Further, shown in Figure 5 in order to mitigate the energy loss of driving mechanism, in the present invention, mobile framework 20 Side be equipped with counterweight 202, counterweight 202 by promoted medium 23 connect with driving mechanism 21.Lift in driving mechanism 21 When lift frame 22, counterweight 202 can haul the rotation of driving mechanism 21 against self gravity, can give driving mechanism 21 Power is provided, so that lift frame 22 is promoted.When driving mechanism 21 falls lift frame 22, lift frame 22 can be leaned on Self gravity haul driving mechanism 21 rotation so that counterweight 202 promoted, increase counterweight 202 potential energy, can to driving Mechanism 21 provides power.By the way that during 22 raising and lowering of lift frame, the variation of 202 potential energy of counterweight can be given Driving mechanism 21 provides power, and auxiliary drive mechanism 21 promotes and put down lift frame 22, reduces the energy damage of driving mechanism 22 Consumption.
Meanwhile for the ease of the installation of driving mechanism, shown in Figure 5, in the present invention, the top of mobile framework 20 is set There is adjustable pulley 204, driving mechanism 21 is directly connected to by promoting medium 23 and one end of lift frame 22, by promoting medium 23 connect around adjustable pulley 204 with the other end of lift frame 22.By the way that the adjustable promotion medium of adjustable pulley 204 is arranged 23 deposition path, convenient for the installation of driving mechanism 21 and promotion medium 23.
It should be noted that the present invention to promoted medium specific structure and type without limitation, can be according to practical need Reasonably selected.Shown in Figure 5, in the present embodiment, promotion medium 23 is wirerope.In other embodiments, Promoting medium can also be hawser etc..
As above, it is applied to technical solution of the present invention, a kind of handling device provided by the invention on fixed part by setting Set first movement portion, the access by the flexible realization in first movement portion to vehicle, do not have in first movement portion vehicle when It waits, first movement portion can be contracted on fixed part, can reduce handling device the space occupied.Meanwhile first movement portion can With the bi-directional expansion on fixed part, it is easy to use.In addition, first movement portion is arranged on fixed part, it can be by the gravity of vehicle It is transmitted on fixed part, biggish load can be born.
Further, the present invention also provides a kind of lifting devices, more by being equipped on the lift frame of lifting device A handling device can be very good to realize storage, taking-up and the transhipment of vehicle, easy to use, easy to operate.
In conclusion provided by the invention, the above-described embodiments merely illustrate the principles and effects of the present invention, rather than For limiting the present invention.Any person skilled in the art all without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, to above-mentioned reality It applies example and carries out modifications and changes.Therefore, such as those of ordinary skill in the art without departing from disclosed Spirit with technical idea under all equivalent modifications or change for being completed, should be covered by the claims of the present invention.

Claims (15)

1. a kind of handling device characterized by comprising
Fixed part extends in a first direction;
First movement portion is set on the fixed part, can move on the fixed part along the first direction;
Driving portion is connect with the first movement portion, for driving the first movement portion.
2. handling device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that further include:
Second moving portion is set in the first movement portion, can be opposite with the first movement portion along the first direction Movement,
Driving section, for the power in the first movement portion to be passed to second moving portion, wherein
The direction of motion of second moving portion is identical as the direction of motion in the first movement portion.
3. handling device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that be equipped with the along the first direction on the fixed part One guide groove, the first movement portion are at least partially disposed in first guide groove.
4. handling device as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that the side wall of first guide groove and the first movement portion Lower sides between be equipped with the first guide support portion, first guide support portion respectively with the side wall of first guide groove with The lower sides in the first movement portion contact.
5. handling device as claimed in claim 4, which is characterized in that first guide support portion includes the first idler wheel and the One guide support slot, first idler wheel are set to the side wall of first guide groove, and the first guide support slot is set to described the The lower sides of one moving portion, first idler wheel are located in the first guide support slot.
6. handling device as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that the driving portion be include driving motor and driving gear Group, the fixed part and the driving motor are fixed on external mounting platform, and the driving motor passes through the sliding tooth Wheel group drives the first movement portion connection.
7. handling device as claimed in claim 6, which is characterized in that the drive gear set includes driving gear, driving cog Wheel and rack gear, the transmission gear are set on the external mounting platform or the fixed part, and the rack gear is set to described the In one moving portion, engaged with the transmission gear.
8. handling device as claimed in claim 7, which is characterized in that the first movement portion has cavity, and the cavity is opened Mouth is set in the cavity towards the bottom surface of first guide groove, the rack gear along the first direction, the transmission gear On the fixed part, and it is located in the cavity, is engaged with the rack gear.
9. handling device as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that set in second moving portion along the first direction There is the second guide groove, second moving portion is fastened on the first movement portion, the first movement portion by second guide groove It is at least partially disposed in second guide groove.
10. handling device as claimed in claim 9, which is characterized in that the side wall of second guide groove and the first movement The second guide support portion, second guide support portion side wall with second guide groove respectively are equipped between the upper portion side wall in portion It is contacted with the upper portion side wall in the first movement portion.
11. handling device as claimed in claim 10, which is characterized in that second guide support portion include the second idler wheel and Second guide support slot, second idler wheel are set to the side wall of second guide groove, and the second guide support slot is set to described The upper portion side wall in first movement portion, second idler wheel are located in the second guide support slot.
12. handling device as claimed in claim 9, which is characterized in that the fixed part, described along the first direction First movement portion and second moving portion all have the first end and the second end opposite with the first end positioned at the same side, The driving section includes the first chain, the second chain, the first sprocket wheel and the second sprocket wheel, wherein
First sprocket wheel is set to the second end in the first movement portion, and second sprocket wheel is set to the of the first movement portion One end, first sprocket wheel are located at the first perpendicular, and second sprocket wheel is located at the second perpendicular, and described first is vertical flat Face and the setting of second perpendicular interval,
One end of first chain is set to the first end of the fixed part, and the other end is described around being set to after first sprocket wheel The first end of second moving portion, one end of second chain are set to the second end of the fixed part, and the other end is around described the The second end of second moving portion is set to after two sprocket wheels.
13. handling device as claimed in claim 12, which is characterized in that the first end of the fixed part is equipped with first and adjusts Part is connect with the end of first chain, and the second end of the fixed part is equipped with the second regulating part, with second chain End connection.
14. a kind of lifting device characterized by comprising
Mobile framework, the mobile framework are equipped with driving mechanism;
Lift frame is set in the mobile framework, extends in a second direction, is connected by promoting medium and the driving mechanism It connects, can rise or decline along third direction under the action of the driving mechanism;
It such as handling device of any of claims 1-13, is set on the lift frame, the of the handling device One direction is perpendicular to the second direction, wherein
Two handling devices are at least equipped at intervals with along the second direction, on the lift frame.
15. lifting device as claimed in claim 14, which is characterized in that the driving portion of the handling device includes driving gear Group, the drive gear set include driving gear, transmission gear and rack gear, and the rack gear is set in the first movement portion, institute Transmission gear is stated on the lift frame or the fixed part, wherein
On the lift frame along the second direction be equipped with transmission shaft, the driving gear of each handling device be all provided in On the transmission shaft, the transmission shaft is connect with the driving motor being set on the lift frame.
CN201910418014.8A 2019-05-20 2019-05-20 Handling device and lifting device Active CN110077771B (en)

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Citations (6)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
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CN202347900U (en) * 2011-11-04 2012-07-25 深圳怡丰自动化科技有限公司 Carrying robot and mechanical three-dimensional garage employing carrying robot
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CN206220602U (en) * 2016-11-22 2017-06-06 贾赟 Intelligent automobile lifts transfer car(buggy)
CN109573449A (en) * 2019-01-29 2019-04-05 北京极智嘉科技有限公司 A kind of transfer robot, products storage circulation system and container method for carrying
CN210175711U (en) * 2019-05-20 2020-03-24 上海振华重工(集团)股份有限公司 Carrying device and lifting device

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101451403A (en) * 2007-12-04 2009-06-10 上海机械设备成套集团物流工程有限公司 Logistic storage type tridimensional bin/garage
CN202347900U (en) * 2011-11-04 2012-07-25 深圳怡丰自动化科技有限公司 Carrying robot and mechanical three-dimensional garage employing carrying robot
CN206220602U (en) * 2016-11-22 2017-06-06 贾赟 Intelligent automobile lifts transfer car(buggy)
CN106760765A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-05-31 北京航空航天大学 A kind of multi-storied garage global function piler of integrated carrier function
CN109573449A (en) * 2019-01-29 2019-04-05 北京极智嘉科技有限公司 A kind of transfer robot, products storage circulation system and container method for carrying
CN210175711U (en) * 2019-05-20 2020-03-24 上海振华重工(集团)股份有限公司 Carrying device and lifting device

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