CN110070701A - A kind of data monitoring based on geography information survey system, early warning, methods of exhibiting and application - Google Patents

A kind of data monitoring based on geography information survey system, early warning, methods of exhibiting and application Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110070701A
CN110070701A CN201910378546.3A CN201910378546A CN110070701A CN 110070701 A CN110070701 A CN 110070701A CN 201910378546 A CN201910378546 A CN 201910378546A CN 110070701 A CN110070701 A CN 110070701A
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China
Prior art keywords
early warning
target
fence
warning
fire
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马有明
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Beijing Panoramic Grand View Tourism Planning And Design Research Institute Co Ltd
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Beijing Panoramic Grand View Tourism Planning And Design Research Institute Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910378546.3A priority Critical patent/CN110070701A/en
Publication of CN110070701A publication Critical patent/CN110070701A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B17/00Fire alarms; Alarms responsive to explosion
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B17/00Fire alarms; Alarms responsive to explosion
    • G08B17/005Fire alarms; Alarms responsive to explosion for forest fires, e.g. detecting fires spread over a large or outdoors area
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B31/00Predictive alarm systems characterised by extrapolation or other computation using updated historic data

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of data monitoring based on geography information survey system, early warning and methods of exhibiting, include the following steps: 1) to obtain the remote sensing image within the scope of setting regions;2) Combining with terrain figure or thematic map are interpreted the remote sensing image of acquisition;3) to target setting flag point on the image of interpretation, and by triggering identifier manually is arranged to respective markers point;4) corresponding relationship between mark point and database is established, when there is trigger signal source excitation to trigger identifier, then carries out early warning, and show the information of respective markers point.Further include the application in wild animal monitoring, early warning and fire monitoring and warning aspect of the geography information survey system, the time of next target area is reached by precalculating trigger signal source, is given warning in advance, the effect of early warning is effectively improved.

Description

A kind of data monitoring based on geography information survey system, early warning, methods of exhibiting and Using
Technical field
It is specifically a kind of based on geography information exploration system the present invention relates to the data prospecting technique field based on geography information Data monitoring, displaying, method for early warning and the application of system.
Background technique
The appearance of the progress of computer technology at any time and various positioning investigation methods or tool, the data based on geography information Prospecting technique obtains great progress, discloses a variety of data investigation methods based on geography information in the prior art, such as:
Chinese invention patent CN106165571A is related to a kind of vegetation restorability evaluation method in ecological environment field, special It is not a kind of based on investigation and the modified vegetation restorability evaluation method of the factor, which employs reconnaissance trip combination spatial analysis The environmental factor of technology is screened and evaluation result modification method, and defined area Vegetation factors grade and primary climate level of factor mention High praise result accuracy.
Chinese invention patent CN107862255A is related to a kind of wetland information based on microwave remote sensing and optical remote sensing technology The method with ecosensitivity assessment is extracted, is extracted based on the wetland information of microwave remote sensing and optical remote sensing technology sensitive with ecology Property evaluation method, overcome it is existing based on optical remote sensing data carry out wetland information extract there are the drawbacks of, according to optical remote sensing, Microwave remote sensing data characteristics carries out the information extraction of the different Wetland Types such as Marsh Wetland, hayashishita wetland, waters, identifies wetland The information such as distribution, wetland soil moisture, wetland water system.
The methods of above content relates only to extraction of the space remote sensing technology for geographic information resources, classify and evaluate, It is not directed to and how to show, the method for early warning;
In the application aspect for specifically carrying out information displaying and early warning, Chinese invention patent CN109697820 A discloses one The distributed forest fire early warning bootstrap technique of kind and system, this method include configuring each node and by wireless telecommunications self-organizing And the wireless cable self-organizing step of the wireless network formed, it configures portable terminal and it is made to access wireless network and display guidance As a result portable terminal configuration step, node broadcasts the warning step of guidance signal into network, according to guiding node in network In relative position and combine the current location of terminal show the directing step for moving guidance information in real time, although this method has Warning function, but passively receive fire signal since it belongs to, there are certain lag for warning function, in face of fast changing Scene of fire can not provide timely and effectively warning information.
To sum up, how to be provided based on current GIS-Geographic Information System for the classification field of ecological environment region for people It is a kind of in time, effectively show that simultaneously pre-warning system and method are skills urgently to be resolved at present for information in target area Art problem.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by the invention is to provide a kind of data monitoring based on geography information survey system, in advance Alert, methods of exhibiting, to solve defect existing in the prior art.
The technical scheme to solve the above technical problems is that
A kind of data monitoring based on geography information survey system, early warning, methods of exhibiting, include the following steps:
1) remote sensing image within the scope of setting regions is obtained;
2) Combining with terrain figure or thematic map are interpreted the remote sensing image of acquisition;
3) to target setting flag point on the image of interpretation, and by triggering identifier manually is arranged to respective markers point;
4) corresponding relationship between mark point and database is established, when there is trigger signal source excitation to trigger identifier, then Early warning is carried out, and shows the information of respective markers point;
Above-mentioned steps 1) in, using distant in domestic " high score eight " high-resolution optical remote sensing satellite acquisition setting regions Feel image;
In step 2), has by Combining with terrain figure or thematic map and visual interpretation manually is carried out to the remote sensing image of acquisition, According to spectral characteristic, classify to the target in setting regions, type mainly includes building, grassland, river, forest, mountain peak Deng;
Also provide a kind of data monitoring based on geography information survey system, early warning, methods of exhibiting monitor in wild animal, Early warning and the application for showing aspect, the specific steps of which are as follows:
Fence is set for mark point corresponding target, when trigger signal source enters fence, triggering identifier is known Other trigger signal types simultaneously send remote monitoring center for warning information by wireless launcher;
Remote monitoring center is that each trigger signal types establish ordered series of numbers Ci progress state recording, specific as follows:
Ci={ (M1, N1);(M2,N2)……;(Mj,Nk)};
Ci represents certain animal for entering fence;
Mj represents the regional aim type of animal entrance, and Mj ∈ (1,2,3,4,5), wherein 1 corresponding building, 2 correspond to grassland, 3 corresponding rivers, 4 corresponding forests, 5 corresponding mountain peaks;
Nk represents the number that animal enters some region, Nk ∈ (0;1;2;3;4;5;6……);
Fence state is set as F, as F=1, illustrates have animal to enter corresponding region, then the Nk of corresponding position adds 1;
All ordered series of numbers are stored and are analyzed the zone of action of each animal by remote monitoring center, to its respectively life habit into The monitoring of row subsequent analysis.
Further, the triggering identifier is the radiofrequency launcher with infrared induction module, the radio-frequency transmissions Device is additionally provided with wireless communication module, is connect by controller with remote monitoring center, and trigger signal source is that animal itself carries Radio frequency receiver.
Further, the remote monitoring center mode can be configured type of animal by wireless communication.
The present invention also provides a kind of data monitoring based on geography information survey system, early warning, methods of exhibiting to supervise in fire It surveys, the application of warning aspect, which is characterized in that specific step is as follows:
1) fence is set for mark point corresponding target, multiple triggering identifications is manually set within the scope of fence Device, the triggering identifier are infrared sensor and wind direction, wind sensor, the triggering identifier and remote monitoring center Carry out wireless signal transmission;
2) when fence internal trigger identifier is triggered, the triggering identifier sends a signal to remote monitoring center Early warning is carried out, and the corresponding target of mark point is shown in remote monitoring center, wherein method for early warning is specific as follows
2.1) adjacent target adjacent around the corresponding target of each mark point is marked, it is specific that content is marked to pass through Method is realized below:
A. azimuth between each adjacent target and target, distance are calculated;
B. the size at the azimuth of infrared sensing signal and wind direction in the fence of target, wind-force is obtained;
2.2) when fire occurs, the infrared sensing signal detection in respective objects region sends a signal to control to heat source Device processed, controller select adjacent target identical with the azimuth of wind direction first, chooses one according to the type of adjacent target Fiery equivalent coefficient k calculates the time t that fire reaches according to wind-force size f and distance s, then according to kindling equivalent coefficient k and when Between t calculate fire alarm signal urgency level E;
2.3) the urgency level E of the calculating indicator light for sending signal control different colours is carried out early warning by controller.
Further, above-mentioned steps 2.2) in, the corresponding relationship of catch fire equivalent coefficient k and target type are as follows: { building, grass Original, river, forest, mountain peak }: { 0.6,0.4,0.1,0.8,0.4 };
Urgency level E points are three grades, and blue early warning, orange warning, red early warning return the numerical value of E=k*t One change processing, corresponding 0 < E < 0.3 of blue early warning;Orange warning corresponds to 3 < E < 0.6;Red early warning corresponds to 0.6 < E < 1.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1. obtaining the satellite remote sensing images of setting regions by satellite, geography fence is then interpreted and is based on to image Target point be marked, classify according to different geography information, and classify to the relationship between target point, then root According to classification and different application scene, different processing methods is taken to carry out detection, displaying and the early warning of data, by precalculating Trigger signal source reaches the time of next target area, gives warning in advance, and effectively improves the effect of early warning.
2. the distance between target within the scope of pair all setting regions and trigger signal source are calculated in real time, and according to The speed V of trigger signal source calculates its time T for reaching the next target nearest with it, according to time T, chooses in database The additional information of the correspondence duration of storage is shown.
3. the data monitoring based on geography information survey system of the application, early warning, methods of exhibiting wild animal prison It surveys, all ordered series of numbers are stored and analyze the zone of action of each animal by early warning and displaying application, remote monitoring center, respectively to its Life habit carries out subsequent analysis monitoring;User holds commenting unit or mobile terminal, can be in it with together by user Animal in one fence is shown casting, and the habit feature of the animal is broadcasted to user, and works as and involve in the same area Interior animal is large-scale wild animal, and when such as having aggressive animal, user, which holds commenting unit or mobile terminal, to be pacified Early warning casting is carried out in full distance, and time this region is left by orientation direction user.
4. the data monitoring based on geography information survey system of the application, early warning, methods of exhibiting fire monitoring, in advance Alert and displaying application, when fence internal trigger identifier is triggered, the triggering identifier sends a signal to long-range monitoring Center carries out early warning, and is shown in remote monitoring center to the corresponding target of mark point, by calculating each adjacent target Azimuth, distance between target;Obtain the azimuth of infrared sensing signal and wind direction, wind-force in the fence of target Size, when fire occurs, the infrared sensing signal detection in respective objects region sends a signal to controller to heat source, controls Device different target type is arranged different kindling equivalent coefficients, by calculating the direction intensity of a fire corresponding to fire area and wind direction The time of sprawling, can more accurate early warning fire urgency level, provide better reference data to specified fire fighting strategy;Prison During survey, by monitoring the azimuth of wind direction, the direction of fire spreading, the side that more accurately guidance is put out a fire can be predicted To, and can shift to an earlier date and isolation strip is set in front of fire spreading, prevent the further expansion of the intensity of a fire;In addition, the exhibition for passing through the application Show method, can be to the user for carrying commenting unit or mobile terminal for involving in conflagration area, user here includes being strayed into fire People in region, and fire fighting staff, in time show casting, when fire spread to can not when, according to positioning assistance user Withdraw safety zone.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is flow diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is flow diagram in one embodiment of the invention.
Specific embodiment
The principle and features of the present invention will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings, and the given examples are served only to explain the present invention, and It is non-to be used to limit the scope of the invention.
A kind of data monitoring based on geography information survey system, early warning, methods of exhibiting, include the following steps:
1) remote sensing image within the scope of setting regions is obtained;
2) Combining with terrain figure or thematic map are interpreted the remote sensing image of acquisition;
3) to target setting flag point on the image of interpretation, and by triggering identifier manually is arranged to respective markers point;
4) corresponding relationship between mark point and database is established, when there is trigger signal source excitation to trigger identifier, then Early warning is carried out, and shows the information of respective markers point;
Above-mentioned steps 1) in, using distant in domestic " high score eight " high-resolution optical remote sensing satellite acquisition setting regions Feel image;
In step 2), has by Combining with terrain figure or thematic map and visual interpretation manually is carried out to the remote sensing image of acquisition, According to spectral characteristic, classify to the target in setting regions, type mainly includes building, grassland, river, forest, mountain peak Deng;
Embodiment 1
A kind of data monitoring based on geography information survey system, early warning, methods of exhibiting, the specific steps of which are as follows:
1) fence is set for mark point corresponding target, when trigger signal source enters fence, early warning, and show The target information of correspondence markings point;
Then completeness D and fence state F is shown according to target information, executes operations described below respectively, wherein D=1 Indicate that target information displaying finishes, otherwise D=0;Trigger signal source is in fence, then F=1, otherwise F=0:
A.D=0, F=0, then early warning and play cuing voice, remind whether user continues to show target information, are then shapes State is converted into b;Otherwise, condition conversion d;
B.D=0, F=1 then continue to show target information;
C.D=1, F=1, then early warning and simultaneously play cuing voice remind user to continue to show target extension information;
D.D=1, F=0 then early warning and jump to step 2);
2) the distance between target and the trigger signal source within the scope of all setting regions are calculated in real time, and according to The speed V of trigger signal source calculates its time T for reaching the next target nearest with it, according to time T, chooses in database The additional information of the correspondence duration of storage is shown.
As the further application of embodiment one, above-mentioned steps 1) in triggering identifier be with human body sensing mould The radiofrequency launcher of block, trigger signal source are the user for carrying commenting unit, and the commenting unit has radio frequency receiver for receiving The signal of radiofrequency launcher.
As the further reference of the technical solution, the displaying and method for early warning can also be applied in handset program In, receive the signal of radiofrequency launcher by built-in mobile phone small routine, and to involving in into nature reserve area or emphasis forest People in protection zone or in Tour region carries out early warning and shows.
As the further application of embodiment one, the target information, target additional information, additional information are deposited respectively Storage is read out and is opened up respectively according to state by trigger signal source in first database, the second database and third database Show.
When it is implemented, as shown in Figure 1, its explanation that can be used for geography information, specially a kind of electronics explain device, packet The triggering terminal for including user's handheld terminal as trigger signal source and being set to inside each region, as triggering identifier, Wherein user's handheld terminal includes controller A and key module connected to the controller, GPS positioning module, audio frequency apparatus, radio frequency Signal receiver and memory module for storing geography information punctuate relevant information;Radio frequency signal receiver receives triggering eventually In holding after the trigger signal with address information of RF signal transmitter transmitting, the control in user's handheld terminal is transmitted it to Device A processed, the controller A switching is connected to multimedia database A and plays out, and after finishing, controller A switching is connected to Multimedia database B reads corresponding contents and controls audio frequency apparatus and play out.
In a specific embodiment, the topographic map can be electronics map vector etc. with main geographical feature Brief map;The thematic map can be the explanation explanatory diagram of nature reserve area etc. of some wood land;
In another specific embodiment, to the target and the distance between trigger signal source within the scope of all setting regions It is calculated in real time, and its time T for reaching the next target nearest with it, root is calculated according to the speed V of trigger signal source According to time T, the additional information for choosing the correspondence duration stored in database is shown;
Specifically, further including velocity measuring module in user's handheld terminal, the velocity measuring module is pedometer, control Device A reads the positioning signal of GPS positioning module, and calculate its with user locating at a distance from the nearest another region of region distance, The speed detected according to distance and velocity measuring module calculates the time that user reaches subsequent region, controller A according to it is above-mentioned when Between chosen area explain and correspond to the multimedia messages of duration in content data base and control audio frequency apparatus and play out.
Embodiment 2
As a kind of data monitoring based on geography information survey system of embodiment 1, displaying and method for early warning are out of office lively Object monitoring, the application of warning aspect, the specific steps of which are as follows:
Fence is set for mark point corresponding target, when trigger signal source enters fence, triggering identifier is known Other trigger signal types simultaneously send remote monitoring center for warning information by wireless launcher;
Remote monitoring center is that each trigger signal types establish ordered series of numbers Ci progress state recording, specific as follows:
Ci={ (M1, N1);(M2,N2)……;(Mj,Nk)};
Ci represents certain animal for entering fence;
Mj represents the regional aim type of animal entrance, and Mj ∈ (1,2,3,4,5), wherein 1 corresponding building, 2 correspond to grassland, 3 corresponding rivers, 4 corresponding forests, 5 corresponding mountain peaks;
Nk represents the number that animal enters some region, Nk ∈ (0;1;2;3;4;5;6……);
Fence state is set as F, as F=1, illustrates have animal to enter corresponding region, then the Nk of corresponding position adds 1;
All ordered series of numbers are stored and are analyzed the zone of action of each animal by remote monitoring center, to its respectively life habit into The monitoring of row subsequent analysis.
Further, the triggering identifier is the radiofrequency launcher with infrared induction module, the radio-frequency transmissions Device is additionally provided with wireless communication module, is connect by controller with remote monitoring center, and trigger signal source is that animal itself carries Radio frequency receiver.
Further, the remote monitoring center mode can be configured type of animal by wireless communication.
Further, when someone and wild animal are in same fence, remote control center can by with The handheld terminals such as its mobile phone connected carry out early warning and displaying to people;
Specifically, user holds commenting unit or mobile terminal, same fence can be in it by user Interior animal is shown casting, and the habit feature of the animal is broadcasted to user, and when the animal involved in the same area is Large-scale wild animal, when such as there is aggressive animal, user hold commenting unit or mobile terminal can in safe distance into Row early warning casting, and time this region is left by orientation direction user.
Embodiment 3
As a kind of data monitoring based on geography information survey system, displaying and the method for early warning of embodiment 1 are supervised in fire It surveys, the application of warning aspect, specifically comprises the following steps:
1) fence is set for mark point corresponding target, multiple triggering identifications is manually set within the scope of fence Device, the triggering identifier are infrared sensor and wind direction, wind sensor, the triggering identifier and remote monitoring center Carry out wireless signal transmission;
2) when fence internal trigger identifier is triggered, the triggering identifier sends a signal to remote monitoring center Early warning is carried out, and the corresponding target of mark point is shown in remote monitoring center, wherein method for early warning is specific as follows
2.1) adjacent target adjacent around the corresponding target of each mark point is marked, it is specific that content is marked to pass through Method is realized below:
A. azimuth between each adjacent target and target, distance are calculated;
B. the size at the azimuth of infrared sensing signal and wind direction in the fence of target, wind-force is obtained;
2.2) when fire occurs, the infrared sensing signal detection in respective objects region sends a signal to control to heat source Device processed, controller select adjacent target identical with the azimuth of wind direction first, chooses one according to the type of adjacent target Fiery equivalent coefficient k calculates the time t that fire reaches according to wind-force size f and distance s, then according to kindling equivalent coefficient k and when Between t calculate fire alarm signal urgency level E;
2.3) the urgency level E of the calculating indicator light for sending signal control different colours is carried out early warning by controller.
Further, above-mentioned steps 2.2) in, the corresponding relationship of catch fire equivalent coefficient k and target type are as follows: { for building Ground, grassland, river, forest, mountain peak }: { 0.6,0.4,0.1,0.8,0.4 };
Urgency level E points are three grades, and blue early warning, orange warning, red early warning return the numerical value of E=k*t One change processing, corresponding 0 < E < 0.3 of blue early warning;Orange warning corresponds to 3 < E < 0.6;Red early warning corresponds to 0.6 < E < 1.
In the specific implementation, parameter can be selected according to the target type in setting regions, such as works as and is incorporated in user When the fire alarm in locating region, target type may be configured as (building, grassland, forest) etc., then calculate according to the method described above Urgency level, by the multiple alarm devices casting fire alarm prompt being set in region.
More specifically, fire damages triggering identifier in order to prevent, and isolation is arranged around the triggering identifier Fire guard, the fence that the fire proofing material that the isolation fire guard is at least five meters of diameter is constituted, the triggering identifier, which is located at, to be enclosed Column is central and is set on high 2-6 meters of vertical bar;
For fire monitoring provided by the invention, method for early warning, in the target area model for having an area of two square kilometres of test sites It is tested in enclosing according to the method that this method and background technique are mentioned, there is building, grassland, forest, each in regional scope Triggering identifier is provided in target area, it is pre- to fire alarm time T1, next ignition point respectively for different wind scales Alert time T2, personnel reach next ignition point time T3 and are compared, and the results are shown in Table 1:
Table 1
Seen from table 1, two methods personnel reach next ignition point time there are greatest differences, and difference is mainly reflected in Existing method can not carry out early warning to the trend of fire spread, cause firefighter that can not prejudge next ignition point, can only be passive Ignition point warning message is received, time delays is caused, fire behavior expands.
Fire monitoring provided by the invention, method for early warning, have the advantages that
1, by classifying to target in setting regions, and different target type is arranged different kindling grade systems Number, by calculating the time of direction fire spreading corresponding to fire area and wind direction, can more accurate early warning fire it is urgent Degree provides better reference data to specified fire fighting strategy;
2, in monitoring process, by monitoring the azimuth of wind direction, it can predict the direction of fire spreading, more accurately draw The direction of fire fighting is led, and can shift to an earlier date and isolation strip is set in front of fire spreading, prevents the further expansion of the intensity of a fire;
The foregoing is merely presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, it is all in spirit of the invention and Within principle, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on be should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of data monitoring based on geography information survey system, early warning, methods of exhibiting, which is characterized in that including walking as follows It is rapid:
1) remote sensing image within the scope of setting regions is obtained;
2) Combining with terrain figure or thematic map are interpreted the remote sensing image of acquisition;
3) to target setting flag point on the image of interpretation, and by triggering identifier manually is arranged to respective markers point;
4) corresponding relationship between mark point and database is established, when there is trigger signal source excitation to trigger identifier, is then carried out Early warning, and show the information of respective markers point;
Above-mentioned steps 1) in, using the remote sensing shadow in domestic " high score eight " high-resolution optical remote sensing satellite acquisition setting regions Picture;
In step 2), has by Combining with terrain figure or thematic map and visual interpretation manually is carried out to the remote sensing image of acquisition, according to Spectral characteristic classifies to the target in setting regions, and type mainly includes building, grassland, river, forest, mountain peak etc..
2. a kind of data monitoring based on geography information survey system as claimed in claim 1, early warning, methods of exhibiting, feature exist In step 4) specifically includes following operation:
1) fence is set for mark point corresponding target, when trigger signal source enters fence, early warning, and show correspondence The target information of mark point;
Then completeness D and fence state F is shown according to target information, executes operations described below respectively, wherein D=1 is indicated Target information displaying finishes, otherwise D=0;Trigger signal source is in fence, then F=1, otherwise F=0:
A.D=0, F=0, then early warning and play cuing voice, remind whether user continues to show target information, are that then state turns Turn to b;Otherwise, condition conversion d;
B.D=0, F=1 then continue to show target information;
C.D=1, F=1, then early warning and simultaneously play cuing voice remind user to continue to show target extension information;
D.D=1, F=0 then early warning and jump to step 2);
2) the distance between target and the trigger signal source within the scope of all setting regions are calculated in real time, and according to triggering The speed V of signal source calculates its time T for reaching the next target nearest with it, according to time T, chooses in database and stores The additional information of correspondence duration be shown.
3. a kind of data monitoring as described in claim 1 based on geography information survey system, early warning, methods of exhibiting are wild The application of animal monitoring, warning aspect, the specific steps of which are as follows:
For mark point corresponding target, fence is set, when trigger signal source enters fence, triggering identifier identification touching Type of signaling simultaneously sends remote monitoring center for warning information by wireless launcher;
Remote monitoring center is that each trigger signal types establish ordered series of numbers Ci progress state recording, specific as follows:
Ci={ (M1, N1);(M2,N2)……;(Mj,Nk)};
Ci represents certain animal for entering fence;
Mj represents the regional aim type of animal entrance, Mj ∈ (1,2,3,4,5), wherein 1 correspondence is built, 2 corresponding grassland, 3 pairs Answer river, 4 corresponding forests, 5 corresponding mountain peaks;
Nk represents the number that animal enters some region, Nk ∈ (0;1;2;3;4;5;6……);
Fence state is set as F, as F=1, illustrates have animal to enter corresponding region, then the Nk of corresponding position adds 1;
All ordered series of numbers are stored and are analyzed the zone of action of each animal by remote monitoring center, after its respectively life habit progress Continuous research and application.
4. a kind of data monitoring based on geography information survey system according to claim 3, early warning, methods of exhibiting are out of office The application of raw animal monitoring, warning aspect, it is characterised in that: the triggering identifier is the radio frequency with infrared induction module Transmitter, the radiofrequency launcher are additionally provided with wireless communication module, are connect by controller with remote monitoring center, triggering letter Number source is the radio frequency receiver that animal itself carries.
5. a kind of data monitoring based on geography information survey system according to claim 4, early warning, methods of exhibiting are out of office The application of raw animal monitoring, warning aspect, it is characterised in that: remote monitoring center can by wireless communication mode to type of animal It is configured.
6. a kind of data monitoring as described in claim 1 based on geography information survey system, early warning, methods of exhibiting are in fire Monitoring, the application of warning aspect, which is characterized in that specific step is as follows:
1) fence is set for mark point corresponding target, multiple triggering identifiers, institute is manually set within the scope of fence The triggering identifier stated is infrared sensor and wind direction, wind sensor, and the triggering identifier and remote monitoring center carry out Wireless signal transmission;
2) when fence internal trigger identifier is triggered, the triggering identifier sends a signal to remote monitoring center progress Early warning, and the corresponding target of mark point is shown in remote monitoring center, wherein method for early warning is specific as follows
2.1) adjacent target adjacent around the corresponding target of each mark point is marked, specific label content passes through following Method is realized:
A. azimuth between each adjacent target and target, distance are calculated;
B. the size at the azimuth of infrared sensing signal and wind direction in the fence of target, wind-force is obtained;
2.2) when fire occurs, the infrared sensing signal detection in respective objects region sends a signal to controller to heat source, Controller selects adjacent target identical with the azimuth of wind direction first, chooses a kindling grade according to the type of adjacent target Coefficient k calculates the time t that fire reaches according to wind-force size f and distance s, is then counted according to kindling equivalent coefficient k and time t Calculate the urgency level E of fire alarm signal;
2.3) the urgency level E of the calculating indicator light for sending signal control different colours is carried out early warning by controller.
7. a kind of data monitoring based on geography information survey system according to claim 6, early warning, methods of exhibiting are in fire Calamity monitoring, the application of warning aspect, it is characterised in that:
Above-mentioned steps 2.2) in, catch fire equivalent coefficient k and target type corresponding relationship are as follows: building, grassland, river, forest, Mountain peak }: { 0.6,0.4,0.1,0.8,0.4 };
Urgency level E points are three grades, and the numerical value of E=k*t is normalized for blue early warning, orange warning, red early warning Processing, corresponding 0 < E < 0.3 of blue early warning;Orange warning corresponds to 3 < E < 0.6;Red early warning corresponds to 0.6 < E < 1.
8. a kind of data monitoring based on geography information survey system according to claim 7, early warning, methods of exhibiting are in fire Calamity monitoring, the application of warning aspect, it is characterised in that: setting isolation fire guard around the triggering identifier, the isolation are anti- The fence that the fire proofing material that fire band is at least five meters of diameter is constituted, the triggering identifier are located at fence center and are set to high 2- On 6 meters of vertical bar.
CN201910378546.3A 2019-05-08 2019-05-08 A kind of data monitoring based on geography information survey system, early warning, methods of exhibiting and application Pending CN110070701A (en)

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