CN110056626A - Hybrid power gearbox for motor vehicles - Google Patents

Hybrid power gearbox for motor vehicles Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110056626A
CN110056626A CN201910367239.5A CN201910367239A CN110056626A CN 110056626 A CN110056626 A CN 110056626A CN 201910367239 A CN201910367239 A CN 201910367239A CN 110056626 A CN110056626 A CN 110056626A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
clutch
power
starting
transmission axle
induction
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201910367239.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110056626B (en
Inventor
陆永翠
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Chongqing Guoen Industry&trade Co ltd
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Individual
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Priority to CN201910367239.5A priority Critical patent/CN110056626B/en
Publication of CN110056626A publication Critical patent/CN110056626A/en
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Publication of CN110056626B publication Critical patent/CN110056626B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60WCONJOINT CONTROL OF VEHICLE SUB-UNITS OF DIFFERENT TYPE OR DIFFERENT FUNCTION; CONTROL SYSTEMS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR HYBRID VEHICLES; ROAD VEHICLE DRIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR PURPOSES NOT RELATED TO THE CONTROL OF A PARTICULAR SUB-UNIT
    • B60W20/00Control systems specially adapted for hybrid vehicles
    • B60W20/40Controlling the engagement or disengagement of prime movers, e.g. for transition between prime movers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H37/00Combinations of mechanical gearings, not provided for in groups F16H1/00 - F16H35/00
    • F16H37/02Combinations of mechanical gearings, not provided for in groups F16H1/00 - F16H35/00 comprising essentially only toothed or friction gearings
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H61/00Control functions within control units of change-speed- or reversing-gearings for conveying rotary motion ; Control of exclusively fluid gearing, friction gearing, gearings with endless flexible members or other particular types of gearing
    • F16H61/38Control of exclusively fluid gearing
    • F16H61/40Control of exclusively fluid gearing hydrostatic

Abstract

The present invention provides the hybrid power gearboxes for motor vehicles, including installing shell, caisson, static starter, arrangement of clutch, gear device, installation shell is to be provided with installation inner cavity and be installed on the shell structure in vehicle engine compartments, the arrangement of clutch is for directly using engine as power source and to gear device output power, the gear device is used for vehicle shift, the caisson is for storing compressed gas, the static starter is for rotating the output end of arrangement of clutch in advance before vehicle static starting and preventing its starting flame-out.

Description

Hybrid power gearbox for motor vehicles
Technical field
The present invention relates to automobile variable speed fields, and in particular to a kind of mixed dynamic gear shift device for the auxiliary that starts to walk.
Background technique
As energy conservation and environmental protection is got more and more attention, automobile engine develops towards pressurization miniaturization, but due to small In the slow-speed of revolution, booster does not work displacement engine at this time, and the torque of output is less than normal, especially under idling operation, this Just make to become more difficult when vehicle start, in addition, Apprentice 0ffice is more and more, it is oily in starting-up process to open manual gear vehicle Door is bad with clutch engagement, or even starting of not stepping on the gas, and it is also very common to cause to be easy the problem stopped working when vehicle start, shows Have in technology in order to solve this problem, promotes starting property usually using the torque control strategy of linear clutch position sensor Can, but this linear clutch sensor is very expensive, and cost is very high, and the EMS controller needs for matching this sensor are adopted With moment of torsion control structure, control strategy is extremely complex, needs into crossing high temperature, high and cold, plateau three high calibration calibration starting auxiliary Strategy, so vehicle calibration development difficulty is very big, the development cycle is very long, costly, and compact car wants cost and development cycle Ask very high, this quadrat method does not obviously use, in addition, the prior art also has using passive starting compensating control method, but when driving Member quickly steps on or when loose clutch pedal, and passive mode compensates not in time, is still easy to stop working, cannot be from solving with class The easily flame-out problem of step, for this purpose, this team designs a kind of mixed dynamic gear shift device of car assisted starting, the auxiliary power of the equipment System is the air motor using drive of high-pressure gas, can be rotated in advance to clutch output, so that vehicle be made to rise Step is not easy to stop working, and furthermore vehicle can enable two sets of dynamical systems of mixed dynamic gear shift device simultaneously, vehicle can be improved in climbing Tractive torque.
Summary of the invention
To solve the deficiencies in the prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of mixed dynamic speed changes for the auxiliary that starts to walk to set Standby, static starter can rotate in advance driving link before vehicle start to the output end of arrangement of clutch, and The idler revolutions when rotational speed starts with arrangement of clutch driven member match, so that vehicle start be made to be not easy to stop working.
To realize the above-mentioned technical purpose, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is as follows.
For the hybrid power gearbox of motor vehicles, including installation shell, caisson, static starter, clutch Device, gear device, installation shell is to be provided with installation inner cavity and be installed on the shell structure in vehicle engine compartments, described Arrangement of clutch is for directly using engine as power source and to gear device output power, the gear device to be used for replacing vehicle Gear, the caisson is for storing compressed gas, and the static starter is for making clutch before vehicle static starting The output end of device is rotated in advance and prevents its starting flame-out.
Further improvement as the technical program.
The gear device includes shaft, gearshift, output shaft, and output shaft is movably installed in mounting shell body and can Axially rotated around itself, and the power output end of output shaft extend out to installation hull outside and with the advance systems such as differential for vehicles Connection, shaft is axially parallel to output shaft axial direction, and shaft is movably installed in mounting shell body and can axially rotate around itself;
The gearshift is set between shaft and output shaft, the input part connection of shaft and gearshift, output shaft It is connect with the output block of gearshift.
Further improvement as the technical program.
The caisson include input shaft, air accumulator, air pump, for receiving engine power and being passed to gas The power transfer mechanism of pump moves inside power transfer mechanism for incuding whether to store full compressed gas in air accumulator and automatically cut off The induction cutting mechanism of power transmitting;
The input shaft is axially parallel to output shaft axial direction, and input shaft is movably installed in mounting shell body and can be axial around itself Rotation, and to extend out to mounting shell external for the power intake of input shaft, and power transmission part is provided between input shaft and engine And it carries out being connected by power transmitting between the two by power transmission part;
The air accumulator and air pump is fixedly installed in installation housing outer surface, and the air pump axis of air pump is axially parallel to output Axis is axial, and the snorkel connected for the two connection is provided between air pump and air accumulator;
The power transfer mechanism includes transmission axle one, transmission axle two, fixed bracket, and fixed bracket is fixed on the pump case of air pump On, transmission axle one and air pump are coaxially arranged, and transmission axle one is movably installed on fixed bracket and can axially rotate around itself, transmitting It is provided with power transfer member between axis one and input shaft and carries out being connected by power transmitting between the two by power transfer member, Power transfer member is V belt translation component;
The end face of transmission axle one towards the air pump is coaxially arranged with mounting groove, the motive power of air pump output end coaxial arrangement There is link slot, link slot consists of two parts and is respectively towards the glissile segment of transmission axle one, away from the pass segment of transmission axle one;
The transmission axle two is set between air pump and transmission axle two, and transmission axle two and air pump are coaxially arranged, transmission axle two Consist of two parts and be respectively the linkage section two of the linkage section one of close transmission axle one, close air pump, and two diameter of linkage section Less than one diameter of linkage section;
One free end of linkage section of the transmission axle two, which is located at, to be set in the mounting groove of one end face of transmission axle, and linkage section one is certainly By being provided with connector between end and mounting groove and being connected by power between the two by connector, and transmission axle two is along certainly When body is axially displaced, transmission axle one can be continued by connector to two output power of transmission axle, and connector is to be set to peace Internal spline one in tankage, the external splines one for being set to one free end of linkage section;
Two free end of linkage section of the transmission axle two, which is located at, to be set in the link slot of motive power of air pump output end, linkage section two Free end passes through the glissile segment of link slot and is located in pass segment, and constitutes sliding between linkage section one and link slot glissile segment and lead To cooperation;
Be provided between two free end of linkage section and link slot pass segment moving part and between the two by moving part into Action edge connection, and when transmission axle two is axially displaced along itself, transmission axle two is sustainable to air pump output power, interlocks Part includes the external splines two for being set to two free end of linkage section, the internal spline two for being set to link slot pass segment;
The motion state of the power transfer mechanism can be divided into can to air pump output power transmitting state, disconnect it is defeated to air pump The off-state of power out, and the original state of power transfer mechanism is transmitting state.
Further improvement as the technical program.
The induction cutting mechanism is set between air pump and transmission axle one, induction cutting mechanism include induction cylinder, Push plate, connecting tube, induction spring, induction cylinder include induction cylinder body, induction piston, induction piston bar, and induction cylinder body is annular Column structure, induction cylinder body be fixed on it is on fixed bracket and coaxially arranged with air pump, incude cylinder interior along itself circumferencial direction Array is provided with several groups induction cylinder chamber, and the end face for incuding cylinder body towards air pump is provided with and incudes between cylinder chamber and mutually connects Annular transitional chamber, and the end face Matching installation has an induction cylinder cap, incudes to be provided with to connect with annular transitional chamber on cylinder cap and connects Logical gas guide nozzle;
The induction cylinder body offers the guide hole connected with induction cylinder chamber, the induction piston setting away from the end face of air pump And between the two composition slide-and-guide cooperation, one end of induction piston bar and induction piston intracavitary in the induction cylinder of induction cylinder body are solid Fixed connection, the other end pass through guide hole and are located at the side that induction cylinder body deviates from air pump, the induction piston and induction piston bar It is correspondingly arranged on several groups;
The push plate is annular plate, and induction piston bar free end is fixed in push plate and push plate and air pump are coaxially arranged, described Transmission axle two outside be provided with external step, and external step is located at the side that push plate deviates from air pump, and external step with Push plate contact;
The connecting tube is connected for the connection between air accumulator and gas guide nozzle;
The induction spring pocket is set to two outside of transmission axle and is located at the side that external step deviates from air pump, incudes the one of spring End is contradicted with external step, the other end and fixed bracket contradict, and the elastic force for incuding spring does transmission axle two away from transmission axle One movement.
Further improvement as the technical program.
The static starter include for using the compressed gas in air accumulator as the air motor of driving source, be used for The starting control mechanism of compressed gas circulation between the two is connected and controlled between air motor and air accumulator, for air motor It is connected by power between shaft and the power connecting mechanism one by turning axial clutch output end output power;
The air motor is axially parallel to output shaft axial direction, and air motor is fixed on installation shell and its power output end Stretch to installation enclosure interior;
The starting control mechanism includes starting controller, for starting the air guide for connecting connection between controller and air accumulator Guan Yi, for starting the gas-guide tube two for connecting connection between controller and air motor;
It is provided with support plate between the starting controller and installation shell, support plate is fixed on installation hull outside, starting Controller is installed in support plate, and starting controller includes control piece, starting air valve;
The trigger valve includes starting valve body, starting spool, starting valve rod, and the starting valve body is open at one end, another End seal is closed and open end Matching installation has the shell structure of valve deck, and starting valve body is fixed in support plate, starts the appearance of valve body Face offers intake interface, outlet interface and between the two in coaxially arranged, and perforating, the trigger valve are offered on valve deck Core is set in trigger valve body and constitutes sealed slide-and-guide cooperation between the two, and starting spool can close intake interface, go out Connection between gas interface, one end of the starting valve rod is fixedly connected with starting spool, the other end passes through perforating and position Outside trigger valve body;
The gas-guide tube one is used to connect between intake interface and air accumulator and connect, and the gas-guide tube two is used for outlet interface It connects and connects between air motor;
The control piece includes starting motor, starter receiver, starting rack gear, and starting motor is fixed in support plate and it is exported Axis is axially perpendicular to the extending direction of starting valve rod, and starter receiver is fixed on outside the power output end of starting motor, starts tooth Extending direction is parallel to starting valve rod extending direction, and starts rack gear and be fixed on starting valve rod free end, starter receiver with open Carry-over bar engagement;
The motion state of the starting control mechanism can be divided into the closed state for blocking compressed gas to flow into air motor, pressure The open state that contracting gas can be flowed by starting control mechanism to air motor starts the original state of control mechanism to close State;
The power connecting mechanism one is set to installation enclosure interior, power connecting mechanism one include active spur gear one, from Dynamic spur gear one, active spur gear one are fixed on outside the power output end of air motor, and driven spur gear one is fixed on shaft Outside, and active spur gear one is engaged with driven spur gear one.
Further improvement as the technical program.
Freewheel clutch is provided between the driven spur gear one and shaft, the driven spur gear one is fixed to be connected It is connected to the outer ring body of freewheel clutch, the inner ring body of freewheel clutch is fixedly connected on outside shaft, and freewheel clutch is for real The torsion of existing driven spur gear one carries out unidirectional delivery from driven spur gear one to shaft, and the freewheel clutch is ball-type Freewheel clutch.
Further improvement as the technical program.
The arrangement of clutch includes clutch, clutch control mechanism, power connecting mechanism two, and clutch is used for Input shaft power is received after vehicle start and outputs power to gear device through power connecting mechanism two, and clutch control mechanism is used Whether can be transmitted in control clutch internal motivation;
The clutch is set in mounting shell body, and clutch includes driven member, driving link, driving link be connected by power Mechanism two connects, driven member and input axis connection;
The driving link includes clutch housing, and clutch housing is circular shell structure open at one end, closed at one end, clutch cover Shell closed end coaxially offers mounting hole, turn of the clutch housing by mounting hole pivot bush unit outside input shaft and between the two Move non-interference, and the open end of clutch housing, towards the power intake of input shaft, the closed end of clutch housing is coaxially set It is equipped with fixed lobe;
The driven member is set in clutch housing, and driven member includes Slave Block, fixes sleeve, fixes sleeve and input shaft it Between be provided with linkage part and fixes sleeve is coaxially installed on outside input shaft by linkage part, and fixes sleeve is along input When axis is axially displaced, input shaft is sustainable to fixes sleeve output power, and linkage part is be set to fixes sleeve interior Spline three, the external splines three for being set to input shaft;
The Slave Block is cylindrical structure, and sets of holes are coaxially arranged on Slave Block and Slave Block passes through the coaxial movable sleeve of sets of holes Be connected to outside fixes sleeve, the open end of the clutch housing be provided with for limit Slave Block do close to input shaft power it is defeated Enter the built-in step at end;
The end face of the Slave Block towards input shaft power intake is provided with through its radial guide groove, and guide groove Channeling direction is parallel to the diametrical direction of Slave Block at this point, and guide groove also sets up limited close to the part of Slave Block periphery Position block, region between limited block and guide groove slot bottom are the guide portion of guide groove, limited block bottom, fixes sleeve periphery, Region between guide groove slot bottom is the evacuation area of guide groove;
The periphery of the fixes sleeve is provided with hinged raised and hinged raised free end and is located in the evacuation area of guide groove;
The driven member further includes chimeric block, swing rod, brake spring, and chimeric block is the arc block coaxially arranged with fixes sleeve Structure and chimeric block are placed on Slave Block periphery, and guide protrusions are additionally provided on chimeric block and guide protrusions free end is located at Slide-and-guide cooperation is constituted in guide groove guide portion, between guide protrusions and guide groove guide portion;
It is provided with interlocking part between the chimeric block extrados and clutch housing cavity wall and is made up of between the two interlocking part It can be embedded in being connected by power for separate type at any time, interlocking part includes the reception tooth for being set to clutch housing cavity wall, is set to chimeric block The driving tooth of extrados;
One end of the swing rod and the guide protrusions that are set on chimeric block are hinged, the other end and are set in fixes sleeve Hinged protrusion is hinged, and two hinged shaft core lines are the tangential direction of Slave Block at this point;
The brake spring is sheathed on outside input shaft and between clutch housing bottom of chamber and fixes sleeve, brake spring Elastic force makes fixes sleeve do the movement far from clutch housing bottom of chamber;
The motion state of the clutch can be divided into driven member can be to the output state of driving link output power, driven member not Can be to the dissengaged positions of driving link output power, and the original state of clutch is dissengaged positions.
The chimeric block is provided with several groups along the circumferencial direction of Slave Block, and the swing rod is set on Slave Block Guide groove be correspondingly arranged on several groups.
Further improvement as the technical program.
The clutch control mechanism includes clutch controller, hydraulic oil pipe, thrust member, thrust member for push/ Revocation pushes fixes sleeve, and clutch controller is for driving thrust member to run, and hydraulic oil pipe is for clutch controller and push Connection between component is connected;
The clutch controller is installed in support plate, and clutch controller includes hydraulic cylinder, controller, and hydraulic cylinder includes hydraulic Cylinder body, hydraulic piston, liquid presses piston pole, the hydraulic cylinder are that open at one end, closed at one end and open end Matching installation has The housing structure of hydraulic cylinder, hydraulic cylinder are fixedly installed in support plate and are provided with hydraulic oil, hydraulic cylinder in hydraulic cylinder Cover and offer connecting hole, hydraulic cylinder closed end is provided with connection mouth, the hydraulic piston be set in hydraulic cylinder and Slide-and-guide cooperation is constituted between the two, and one end of the liquid presses piston pole is fixedly connected with hydraulic piston, the other end passes through Connecting hole is simultaneously located at outside hydraulic cylinder;
The controller includes control motor, control gear, control rack gear, and control motor is fixedly installed in support plate, controls Gear processed is fixed on outside the power output end of control motor, and the extending direction for controlling rack gear is parallel to liquid presses piston pole extension side To, and control rack gear and be fixed on liquid presses piston pole free end, control gear is engaged with control rack gear;
The thrust member is set in mounting shell body and is located at clutch towards the side of input shaft power intake, pushes away Sending component includes transition cylinder body, push cylinder, push disk;
The transition cylinder body is cylindrical structure and transition cylinder body is fixed in mounting shell body, and transition cylinder body is also same with input shaft Coaxially offer avoid holes one for avoiding input shaft in axis arrangement and transition cylinder body, transition cylinder body is towards the end of clutch Face is provided with transition sleeve, and transition cylinder body away from the end face of clutch is provided with transition grease chamber and transition grease chamber and transition sleeve Between be provided with the transitional pore mutually connected for the two, and end face matching is provided with transition cylinder cap, on transition cylinder body also It is provided with the transient nozzles connected with transition grease chamber;
The push cylinder includes push cylinder body, push piston, push piston rod, and push cylinder body is open at one end, closed at one end Housing structure, and push the cylinder body open end closed end that is fixedly sheathed in transition sleeve, and pushes cylinder body and offer and stretch Portal;
The push piston is set in push cylinder body and constitutes slide-and-guide cooperation between the two, pushes one end of piston rod It is fixedly connected with push piston, the other end passes through and stretches out hole and be located at push side of the cylinder body towards clutch;
The push cylinder is provided with several groups along the circumferencial direction array of transition cylinder body, and the transition sleeve is correspondingly arranged on Several groups;
The push disk is fixed on the free end of push piston rod, and push disk is coaxially arranged with input shaft and pushes coaxial on disk The avoid holes two for avoiding input shaft are offered, push disk is contacted with fixes sleeve;
The hydraulic oil pipe is used to be set to the connection mouth of hydraulic cylinder closed end and the transient nozzles being set on transition cylinder body Between connection connect.
Further improvement as the technical program.
The power connecting mechanism two includes active spur gear two, driven spur gear two, and active spur gear two is fixed on Outside fixed lobe, driven spur gear two is fixed on outside shaft, and active spur gear two is engaged with driven spur gear two.
The beneficial effect of the present invention compared with prior art is, static starter can before vehicle start to from The output end set is attached together, i.e., driving link is rotated in advance, and the sky when rotational speed and the starting of arrangement of clutch driven member Speed of walking around matches, so that vehicle start be made to be not easy to stop working, static starter is using caisson as power source, i.e., with compressed gas Body is power source, and safety more preferably, while can disconnect moving between input shaft after the full compressed gas of caisson storage automatically Power connection, safer, in addition to this, when automobile climbing, driver can open static starter and arrangement of clutch simultaneously, So that the two considerably increases the tractive torque to vehicle simultaneously to gear device output power.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is complete machine structure schematic diagram of the invention.
Fig. 2 is complete machine structure schematic diagram of the invention.
Fig. 3 is schematic diagram of internal structure of the invention.
Fig. 4 is schematic diagram of internal structure of the invention.
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of gear device of the invention.
Fig. 6 is the cooperation figure of caisson of the invention, static starter, arrangement of clutch.
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of caisson of the invention.
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of induction switching mechanism of the invention.
Fig. 9 is transmission axle one of the invention, transmission axle two, the section view of air pump cooperation figure.
Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram of induction switching mechanism of the invention.
Figure 11 is the cross-sectional view of induction switching mechanism of the invention.
Figure 12 is the structural schematic diagram of static starter of the invention.
Figure 13 is the structural schematic diagram of starting control mechanism of the invention.
Figure 14 is the cross-sectional view of starting controller of the invention.
Figure 15 be air motor of the invention, power connecting mechanism one, shaft cooperation figure.
Figure 16 is the cooperation figure of freewheel clutch of the invention, shaft, driven spur gear one.
Figure 17 is the structural schematic diagram of arrangement of clutch of the invention.
Figure 18 is the structural schematic diagram of clutch control mechanism of the invention.
Figure 19 is the cross-sectional view of clutch controller of the invention.
Figure 20 is the cooperation figure of input shaft of the invention, transition cylinder body.
Figure 21 is the structural schematic diagram of transition cylinder body of the invention.
Figure 22 is the structural schematic diagram of push cylinder of the invention.
Figure 23 is the structural schematic diagram of clutch of the invention.
Figure 24 is the cooperation figure of driving link and input shaft of the invention.
Figure 25 is the cooperation figure of driven member and input shaft of the invention.
Figure 26 is the structural schematic diagram of driven member of the invention.
Figure 27 is the partial structural diagram of driven member of the invention.
Figure 28 is the structural schematic diagram of power connecting mechanism two of the invention.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is advantageous in that static starter can be in vehicle using static starter auxiliary vehicle start To the output end of arrangement of clutch before starting, i.e., driving link is rotated in advance, and the rotational speed and arrangement of clutch are driven Idler revolutions when part starts match, so that vehicle start be made to be not easy to stop working, static starter is using caisson as power Source, i.e., using compressed gas as power source, safety more preferably, while caisson store can disconnect automatically after full compressed gas with it is defeated Enter being connected by power between axis, safer, in addition to this, when automobile climbing, driver can open static starting dress simultaneously It sets and arrangement of clutch, so that the two considerably increases the tractive torque to vehicle simultaneously to gear device output power.
For the hybrid power gearbox of motor vehicles, including installation shell, caisson 100, static starter 200, arrangement of clutch 300, gear device 400, installation shell are to be provided with installation inner cavity and be installed in vehicle engine compartments Shell structure, the arrangement of clutch 300 is for directly using engine as power source and to 400 output power of gear device, institute The gear device 400 stated is used for vehicle shift, and the caisson 100 is for storing compressed gas, the static starting Device 200 is for rotating the output end of arrangement of clutch 300 in advance before vehicle static starting and preventing its starting flame-out.
Caisson 100 receives engine power and starts to store compressed gas, when caisson 100 stores full compressed gas Automatically being connected by power between engine is disconnected after body;
When vehicle static is started to walk, driver's foot steps on clutch pedal and arrangement of clutch 300 is made to be in the sky that internal motivation disconnects Turn state, while static starter 200 runs and rotates the output end of arrangement of clutch 300 in advance and its rotational speed Match with the idler revolutions of arrangement of clutch 300, then driver unclamps clutch pedal and connects 300 internal motivation of arrangement of clutch It connects, at this time since the output end revolving speed of arrangement of clutch 300 and the idler revolutions of arrangement of clutch 300 match, so that vehicle start It is not easy to stop working;
When vehicle climbing, driver can open static starter 200 and arrangement of clutch 300 simultaneously so that the two simultaneously to 400 output power of gear device, considerably increases the tractive torque of vehicle.
The gear device 400 includes shaft 410, gearshift 420, output shaft 430,420 activity installation of output shaft In in mounting shell body and can around itself axially rotate, and the power output end of output shaft 420 extend out to installation hull outside and with The connection of the advance systems such as differential for vehicles, it is axial that shaft 410 is axially parallel to output shaft 420, and shaft 410 is movably installed in peace It fills in shell and can axially be rotated around itself.
The gearshift 420 is set between shaft 410 and output shaft 430, shaft 410 and gearshift 420 Input part connection, output shaft 430 are connect with the output block of gearshift 420.
Vehicle advance when, engine can by arrangement of clutch 300 to 410 output power of shaft, and through gearshift 420 to Output shaft 430 transmits, so that vehicle advance system be driven to run;When vehicle need to shift gears, can be changed by gearshift 420 Gear processing, the gearshift 420 are existing routine techniques, are repeated no more in the present invention.
The caisson 100 include input shaft, air accumulator 110, air pump 120, for receive engine power and will Whether its power transfer mechanism 130 for being transferred to air pump 120 stores full compressed gas in air accumulator 110 and cuts automatically for incuding The induction cutting mechanism 140 of disconnected 130 internal motivation of power transfer mechanism transmitting.
It is axial that the input shaft is axially parallel to output shaft 430, and input shaft is movably installed in mounting shell body and can be around Itself is axially rotated, and to extend out to mounting shell external for the power intake of input shaft, is provided between input shaft and engine dynamic It power transmission part and carries out being connected by power transmitting between the two by power transmission part;Engine runs and can pass through power transmission part To input shaft output power and rotate input shaft axially around itself, power transmission part is existing routine techniques, is not being repeated.
The air accumulator 110 and air pump 120 is fixedly installed in installation housing outer surface, and the air pump axis of air pump 120 It is axially parallel to output shaft 430 axially, the snorkel connected for the two connection is provided between air pump 120 and air accumulator 110.
The operation of air pump 120 simultaneously can convey compressed gas to air accumulator 110 by snorkel.
The power transfer mechanism 130 includes transmission axle 1, transmission axle 2 132, fixed bracket, and fixed bracket is solid Due on the pump case of air pump 120, transmission axle 1 and air pump 120 are coaxially arranged, and transmission axle 1 is movably installed in fixed branch It can be rotated on frame and axially around itself, power transfer member 133 and between the two is provided between transmission axle 1 and input shaft It carries out being connected by power transmitting by power transfer member 133, specifically, power transfer member 133 is V belt translation component.
The end face of transmission axle 1 towards the air pump 120 is coaxially arranged with mounting groove, 120 power of air pump Output end is coaxially arranged with link slot, link slot consist of two parts and be respectively towards transmission axle 1 glissile segment, deviate from The pass segment of transmission axle 1.
The transmission axle 2 132 is set between air pump 120 and transmission axle 2 132, and transmission axle 2 132 and air pump 120 is coaxially arranged, and transmission axle 2 132 consists of two parts and is respectively close to the linkage section one of transmission axle 1, close to air pump 120 linkage section two, and two diameter of linkage section is less than one diameter of linkage section.
One free end of linkage section of the transmission axle 2 132, which is located at, to be set in the mounting groove of one 131 end face of transmission axle, Connector is provided between one free end of linkage section and mounting groove and is connected by power between the two by connector, and is passed Pass axis 2 132 it is axially displaced along itself when, transmission axle 1 can continue to export to transmission axle 2 132 by connector dynamic Power, specifically, connector is the internal spline one being set in mounting groove, the external splines one for being set to one free end of linkage section.
Two free end of linkage section of the transmission axle 2 132 is located at the link slot for being set to 120 power output end of air pump Interior, specifically, two free end of linkage section passes through the glissile segment of link slot and is located in pass segment, and linkage section one and link slot are sliding Slide-and-guide cooperation is constituted between dynamic section.
Moving part is provided between two free end of linkage section and link slot pass segment and passes through gearing between the two Part is connected by power, and when transmission axle 2 132 is axially displaced along itself, transmission axle 2 132 is sustainable to air pump 120 Output power, specifically, moving part includes the external splines two for being set to two free end of linkage section, is set to link slot pass segment Internal spline two.
The motion state of the power transfer mechanism 130 can be divided into can be to the transmitting state, disconnected of 120 output power of air pump It is opened to the off-state of 120 output power of air pump, and the original state of power transfer mechanism 130 is transmitting state.
Input shaft rotates and passes through the traction transmission axle 1 of power transfer member 133 and rotates synchronously, and one 131 turns of transmission axle The synchronous rotation of transmission axle 2 132 is moved and draws, transmission axle 2 132 rotates and draws the operation of air pump 120, to make air accumulator 110 Inside start to store compressed gas, while during this, induction cutting mechanism 140 does transmission axle 2 132 close to transmission axle 1 Movement, when air accumulator 110 stores it is full after, two free end of linkage section of transmission axle 2 132 is disconnected slot pass segment and is located at and slides In dynamic section, transmission axle 2 132 stops to 120 output power of air pump at this time, and power transfer mechanism 130 is generally in idle running, i.e., dynamic Force transfer mechanism 130 switches to off-state.
The induction cutting mechanism 140 is set between air pump 120 and transmission axle 1, and induction cutting mechanism 140 wraps Include induction cylinder, push plate 144, connecting tube 145, induction spring 146, induction cylinder include induction cylinder body 141, induction piston 142, Induction piston bar 143, induction cylinder body 141 are circular cylinder structure, and induction cylinder body 141 is fixed on fixed bracket and and air pump 120 is coaxially arranged, incudes and itself circumferencial direction array is provided with several groups induction cylinder chamber inside cylinder body 141, and incude cylinder body 141 are provided with and incude the annular transitional chamber mutually connected between cylinder chamber, and end face matching peace towards the end face of air pump 120 Equipped with induction cylinder cap, the gas guide nozzle for being provided on cylinder cap and connecting and connecting with annular transitional chamber is incuded.
The induction cylinder body 141 offers the guide hole connected with induction cylinder chamber, the sense away from the end face of air pump 120 Answer piston 142 be set to induction cylinder body 141 induction cylinder it is intracavitary and between the two constitute slide-and-guide cooperation, induction piston bar 143 one end is fixedly connected with induction piston 142, the other end passes through guide hole and is located at induction cylinder body 141 deviates from the one of air pump 120 Side, the induction piston 142 and induction piston bar 143 are correspondingly arranged on several groups.
The push plate 144 is annular plate, and push plate 144 is fixed on 143 free end of induction piston bar and push plate 144 and gas It pumps 120 coaxially arranged, external step is provided with outside the transmission axle 2 132, and external step is located at push plate 144 away from gas The side of pump 120, and external step is contacted with push plate 144.
The connecting tube 145 is connected for the connection between air accumulator 110 and gas guide nozzle.
The induction spring 146 is sheathed on 2 132 outside of transmission axle and is located at external step deviates from air pump 120 one Side, the one end and external step for incuding spring 146 contradict, the other end and fixed bracket contradict, and the elastic force for incuding spring 146 makes Transmission axle 2 132 does the movement away from transmission axle 1.
In air accumulator 110 while storage compressed gas, compressed gas can flow into induction gas by connecting tube 145 therewith In cylinder, so that push plate 144 overcomes induction 146 elastic force of spring and transmission axle 2 132 is pushed to do the movement close to transmission axle 1, After air accumulator 110 stores full compressed gas, push plate 144 pushes transmission axle 2 132 to move and makes the linkage section two of transmission axle 2 132 Free end is disconnected slot pass segment and is located in glissile segment, and power transfer mechanism 130 switches to off-state at this time;Work as gas storage After compressed gas use in tank 110, the elastic force of induction spring 146 will push transmission axle 2 132 and do away from transmission axle 1 Movement, so that power transfer mechanism 130 switches back into transmitting state again, air accumulator 110 can continue to put aside compressed gas.
The static starter 200 includes for using the compressed gas in air accumulator 110 as the pneumatic horse of driving source Up to 210, the starting control for compressed gas circulation between the two to be connected and controlled between air motor 210 and air accumulator 110 Mechanism 220, for being connected by power between air motor 210 and shaft 410 and by shaft 410 to 300 output end of arrangement of clutch The power connecting mechanism 1 of output power.
The air motor 210 is axially parallel to output shaft 430 axially, and air motor 210 is fixed on installation shell And its power output end stretches to installation enclosure interior.
The starting control mechanism 220 includes starting controller 2210, for starting controller 2210 and air accumulator 110 Between connect the gas-guide tube 1 of connection, for starting the air guide for connecting connection between controller 2210 and air motor 210 Pipe 2 2230.
It is provided with support plate between the starting controller 2210 and installation shell, it is external that support plate is fixed on mounting shell Portion, starting controller 2210 are installed in support plate, and starting controller 2210 includes control piece, starting air valve.
The trigger valve includes starting valve body 2211, starting spool 2212, starting valve rod 2213, the starting valve body 2211 is open at one end, other end closings and open end Matching installation has the shell structure of valve deck, and starting valve body 2211 is fixed on In support plate, the outer surface of starting valve body 2211 offers intake interface, outlet interface and is between the two in coaxially arranged, valve deck On offer perforating, the starting spool 2212 is set in starting valve body 2211 and constitutes sealed sliding between the two Guiding cooperation, starting spool 2212 can close the connection between intake interface, outlet interface, start valve rod 2213 one End is fixedly connected with starting spool 2212, the other end passes through perforating and is located at outside starting valve body 2211.
The gas-guide tube 1 is used to connect between intake interface and air accumulator 110 and connect, the gas-guide tube two 2230 connect for connecting between outlet interface and air motor 210.
The control piece includes starting motor 2214, starter receiver 2215, starting rack gear 2216, and starting motor 2214 is solid Due in support plate and its output shaft is axially perpendicular to the extending direction of starting valve rod 2213, starter receiver 2215 is fixed on starting Outside the power output end of motor 2214, starting 2216 extending direction of rack gear is parallel to starting 2213 extending direction of valve rod, and opens Carry-over bar 2216 is fixed on starting 2213 free end of valve rod, and starter receiver 2215 is engaged with starting rack gear 2216.
The motion state of the starting control mechanism 220 can be divided into what blocking compressed gas was flowed into air motor 210 The open state that closed state, compressed gas can be flowed by starting control mechanism 220 to air motor 210, starts control machine The original state of structure 220 is in off state.
When vehicle start, driver opens starting motor 2214, and starting motor 2214 runs and transports starting valve rod 2213 Row simultaneously finally makes to connect between intake interface, outlet interface, and starting control mechanism 220 switches to open state, and compressed gas can It is flowed into air motor 210 by gas-guide tube 1, trigger valve, gas-guide tube 2 2230, so that air motor 210 is run, Air motor 210 is run and by power connecting mechanism 1, shaft 410 to 300 output end output power of arrangement of clutch, and Make that the output end of arrangement of clutch 300 is rotated in advance and its rotational speed and the idler revolutions of arrangement of clutch 300 match, from And achieve the purpose that be not easy vehicle start flame-out.
The power connecting mechanism 1 is set to installation enclosure interior, and power connecting mechanism 1 includes actively straight Gear 1, driven spur gear 1, active spur gear 1 are fixed on outside the power output end of air motor 210, from Dynamic spur gear 1 is fixed on outside shaft 410, and active spur gear 1 is engaged with driven spur gear 1.
Air motor 210 runs and rotates shaft 410 by spur gear 1, driven spur gear 1, and passes through Shaft 410 rotates the output end of arrangement of clutch 300 in advance.
More specifically, in Vehicle Starting Process, it is pre- that static starter 200 carries out the output end of arrangement of clutch 300 First rotate after, driver unclamp clutch pedal simultaneously make 300 internal motivation of arrangement of clutch that can connect transmitting, thus make vehicle start at Function, then arrangement of clutch 300 receives engine power and continues to 400 output power of gear device and static starter 200 Out of service, hereafter since arrangement of clutch 300 can be by shaft 410 to 210 output power of air motor, this will cause vehicle Tractive torque reduce, in order to solve this problem, be provided between the driven spur gear 1 and shaft 410 surmount from Clutch 233.
The driven spur gear 1 is fixedly connected on the outer ring body of freewheel clutch 233, freewheel clutch 233 Inner ring body is fixedly connected on outside shaft 410, particularly important, can realize driven spur gear 1 by freewheel clutch 233 Torsion carry out unidirectional delivery from driven spur gear 1 to shaft 410, further to embody, the freewheel clutch 233 be ball-type freewheel clutch.
After vehicle start success, arrangement of clutch 300 receive engine power and continue to 400 output power of gear device and During static starter 200 is out of service, due to the presence of freewheel clutch 233, so that arrangement of clutch 300 fails to lead to Shaft 410 is crossed to 210 output power of air motor.
The arrangement of clutch 300 includes clutch 310, clutch control mechanism 320, power connecting mechanism 2 330, from Mechanism 310 is closed to be used to receive input shaft power after vehicle start and output power to gear through power connecting mechanism 2 330 Device 400, clutch control mechanism 320 is for controlling whether 310 internal motivation of clutch can transmit.
The clutch 310 is set in mounting shell body, and clutch 310 includes driven member, driving link, driving link It is connect with power connecting mechanism 2 330, driven member and input axis connection.
The driving link includes clutch housing 311, and clutch housing 311 is circular shell open at one end, closed at one end Structure, 311 closed end of clutch housing coaxially offer mounting hole, and clutch housing 311 is by mounting hole pivot bush unit in input shaft Rotation external and between the two is non-interference, and the open end of clutch housing 311 is towards the power intake of input shaft, from The closed end for closing housing 311 is coaxially arranged with fixed lobe 312.
The driven member is set in clutch housing 311, and driven member includes Slave Block 313, fixes sleeve 315, is fixed It is provided with linkage part between sleeve 315 and input shaft and fixes sleeve 315 is coaxially installed on outside input shaft by linkage part Portion, and when fixes sleeve 315 is axially displaced along input shaft, input shaft is sustainable to 315 output power of fixes sleeve, tool Body, linkage part is the internal spline three for being set to fixes sleeve 315, the external splines three for being set to input shaft.
The Slave Block 313 is cylindrical structure, is coaxially arranged with sets of holes on Slave Block 313 and Slave Block 313 passes through Outside fixes sleeve 315, the open end of the clutch housing 311 is provided with driven for limiting the coaxial pivot bush unit of sets of holes Block 313 does the built-in step close to input shaft power intake.
The end face of Slave Block 313 towards the input shaft power intake is provided with through its radial guide groove, and The channeling direction of guide groove is parallel to the diametrical direction of Slave Block 313 at this point, and guide groove is close to 313 periphery of Slave Block Part is additionally provided with limited block, and the region between limited block and guide groove slot bottom is the guide portion of guide groove, and limited block bottom is consolidated Determine the evacuation area that the region between 315 periphery of sleeve, guide groove slot bottom is guide groove.
The periphery of the fixes sleeve 315 is provided with hinged raised and hinged raised free end and is located at keeping away for guide groove It allows in area.
The driven member further includes chimeric block 314, swing rod 316, brake spring 317, and chimeric block 314 is and fixes sleeve 315 coaxially arranged arc block structures and chimeric block 314 are placed on 313 periphery of Slave Block, are additionally provided on chimeric block 314 Guide protrusions and guide protrusions free end is located in guide groove guide portion constitute sliding between guide protrusions and guide groove guide portion Guiding cooperation.
It is provided with interlocking part between 311 cavity wall of 314 extrados of chimeric block and clutch housing and passes through between the two Interlocking part composition can be embedded in being connected by power for separate type at any time, specifically, interlocking part includes being set to 311 cavity wall of clutch housing The driving tooth for receiving tooth, being set to 314 extrados of chimeric block.
One end of the swing rod 316 and the guide protrusions that are set on chimeric block 314 are hinged, the other end and are set to solid The hinged protrusion determined on sleeve 315 is hinged, and two hinged shaft core lines are the tangential direction of Slave Block 313 at this point.
The brake spring 317 be sheathed on outside input shaft and be located at 311 bottom of chamber of clutch housing and fixes sleeve 315 it Between, the elastic force of brake spring 317 makes fixes sleeve 315 do the movement far from 311 bottom of chamber of clutch housing.
The motion state of the clutch 310 can be divided into driven member can to driving link output power output state, Driven member fails the dissengaged positions to driving link output power, and the original state of clutch 310 is dissengaged positions.
Preferably, the chimeric block 314 is provided with several groups, the swing rod along the circumferencial direction of Slave Block 313 316, the guide groove being set on Slave Block 313 is correspondingly arranged on several groups.
The stateful switchover process of clutch 310, specific manifestation are as follows: static starter 200 makes the defeated of arrangement of clutch 300 Outlet carries out after rotating in advance, and driver pushes fixes sleeve 315 by clutch control mechanism 320 and does it close to clutch cover The movement of 311 bottom of chamber of shell, so that chimeric block 314 be made to do the movement close to 311 cavity wall of clutch housing, reaching makes that tooth is driven to be embedded in The purpose in tooth is received, i.e. clutch 310 switches to output state, and input shaft rotates and can draw clutch housing 311 and synchronizes Rotation;
Clutch control mechanism 320 stops pushing fixes sleeve 315, and the elastic force of brake spring 317 does fixes sleeve 315 far at this time The luxuriant movement for closing 311 bottom of chamber of housing, i.e. clutch 310 back switch to dissengaged positions.
The clutch control mechanism 320 includes clutch controller 3210, hydraulic oil pipe 3220, thrust member 3230, is pushed away Component 3230 is sent to push fixes sleeve 315 for pushing/cancelling, clutch controller 3210 is for driving thrust member 3230 to transport Row, hydraulic oil pipe 3220 are connected for the connection between clutch controller 3210 and thrust member 3230.
The clutch controller 3210 is installed in support plate, and clutch controller 3210 includes hydraulic cylinder, controller, liquid Cylinder pressure includes hydraulic cylinder 3211, hydraulic piston 3312, liquid presses piston pole 3313, and the hydraulic cylinder 3211 is opened for one end Mouth, closed at one end and open end Matching installation have the housing structure of hydraulic cylinder, and hydraulic cylinder 3211 is fixedly installed in support plate It is provided with hydraulic oil in upper and hydraulic cylinder 3211, connecting hole, the setting of 3211 closed end of hydraulic cylinder are offered on hydraulic cylinder There is connection mouth, the hydraulic piston 3312 is set in hydraulic cylinder 3211 and constitutes slide-and-guide cooperation, institute between the two The one end for the liquid presses piston pole 3313 stated is fixedly connected with hydraulic piston 3312, the other end passes through connecting hole and is located at hydraulic cylinder Outside 3211.
The controller includes control motor 3314, control gear 3315, control rack gear 3316, and control motor 3314 is solid Loaded in support plate, control gear 3315 is fixed on outside the power output end of control motor 3314 for Dingan County, controls rack gear 3316 Extending direction be parallel to 3313 extending direction of liquid presses piston pole, and control rack gear 3316 and be fixed on liquid presses piston pole 3313 freely End, control gear 3315 are engaged with control rack gear 3316.
Driver can be by open and close control motor 3314, to increase/reduce 3211 closed end of hydraulic cylinder and hydraulic work Pressure between plug 3312, finally makes hydraulic oil flow out/flow into hydraulic cylinder 3211 through connection mouth.
The thrust member 3230 is set in mounting shell body and is located at clutch 310 and inputs towards input shaft power The side at end, thrust member 3230 include transition cylinder body 3231, push cylinder, push disk 3236.
The transition cylinder body 3231 is cylindrical structure and transition cylinder body 3231 is fixed in mounting shell body, transition cylinder body 3231 is also coaxially arranged with input shaft and transition cylinder body 3231 on coaxially offer avoid holes one for avoiding input shaft, transition The end face of cylinder body 3231 towards clutch 310 is provided with transition sleeve 3232, and transition cylinder body 3231 is away from clutch 310 End face is provided with the transitional pore for being provided between transition grease chamber and transition grease chamber and transition sleeve 3232 and mutually connecting for the two, And end face matching is provided with transition cylinder cap, and the transient nozzles connected with transition grease chamber are additionally provided on transition cylinder body 3231.
The push cylinder includes push cylinder body 3233, push piston 3234, push piston rod 3235, pushes cylinder body 3233 For housing structure open at one end, closed at one end, and pushes 3233 open end of cylinder body and be fixedly sheathed in transition sleeve 3232, and And the closed end for pushing cylinder body 3233 offers and stretches out hole.
The push piston 3234 is set in push cylinder body 3233 and constitutes slide-and-guide cooperation, push between the two One end of piston rod 3235 is fixedly connected with push piston 3234, the other end passes through and stretches out hole and be located at push 3233 direction of cylinder body The side of clutch 310.
Preferably, the push cylinder is provided with several groups, the mistake along the circumferencial direction array of transition cylinder body 3231 It crosses sleeve 3232 and is correspondingly arranged on several groups.
The push disk 3236 is fixed on the free end of push piston rod 3235, pushes disk 3236 and the coaxial cloth of input shaft The avoid holes two coaxially offered on disk 3236 for avoiding input shaft are set and push, push disk 3236 connects with fixes sleeve 315 Touching.
The hydraulic oil pipe 3220 is used to be set to the connection mouth of 3211 closed end of hydraulic cylinder and is set to transition cylinder Connection between transient nozzles on body 3231 is connected.
The course of work of thrust member 3230, specific manifestation are as follows: control motor 3314 is opened and made in hydraulic cylinder 3211 Hydraulic oil flowed out in the bridging oil room of transition cylinder body 3231 through connection mouth, hydraulic oil pipe 3220, and finally flow into push In cylinder body 3233, to make to push the movement that the traction push disk 3236 of piston rod 3235 makees close clutch 310, even if clutch Mechanism 310 switches to output state;Control 3314 inverted running of motor simultaneously reduces 3211 closed end of hydraulic cylinder and hydraulic piston Pressure between 3312, while under the effect of 317 elastic force of brake spring, clutch 310 switches to dissengaged positions, thrust member 3230 restore to original state, hydraulic oil to flow back into hydraulic cylinder 3211.
The power connecting mechanism 2 330 includes active spur gear 2 331, driven spur gear 2 332, active spur gear 2 331 are fixed on outside fixed lobe 312, and driven spur gear 2 332 is fixed on outside shaft 410, and active spur gear 2 331 It is engaged with driven spur gear 2 332.
Clutch 310 in output state can receive the power of input shaft and by active spur gear 2 331, driven Spur gear 2 332 is transferred to shaft 410, i.e. output to gear device 400.
In actual work, caisson 100 first receives engine power and stores compressed gas, and caisson 100 Being connected by power between engine is disconnected automatically after storing full compressed gas;
Then vehicle start, specifically:
Driver opens starting motor 2214, and starting motor 2214 runs and starting valve rod 2213 is made to run and finally make air inlet connecting Mouthful, connect between outlet interface, starting control mechanism 220 switches to open state, compressed gas can by gas-guide tube 1, Trigger valve, gas-guide tube 2 2230 flow into air motor 210, so that air motor 210 is run, air motor 210 is run simultaneously By power connecting mechanism 1, shaft 410 to 300 output end output power of arrangement of clutch, i.e., exported to clutch housing 311 Power simultaneously rotates clutch housing 311, and at the same time, input shaft receives engine power and makes the driven member of arrangement of clutch 300 Idle running, and 311 rotational speed of clutch housing and the driven member revolving speed of arrangement of clutch 300 match;
Then driver opens control motor 3314 and makes the hydraulic oil in hydraulic cylinder 3211 through connection mouth, hydraulic oil pipe 3220 It flows out in the bridging oil room of transition cylinder body 3231, and finally flows into push cylinder body 3233, to make to push piston rod 3235 traction push disks 3236 do the movement close to clutch 310, even if clutch 310 switches to output state, due to 311 rotational speed of clutch housing and the driven member revolving speed of arrangement of clutch 300 match at this time, so that reaching is not easy vehicle start Flame-out purpose;
Vehicle start success after, close starting motor 2214 simultaneously keep static starter 200 out of service, simultaneously because surmount from The presence of clutch 233, so that arrangement of clutch 300 fails to static 200 output power of starter, vehicle is normally advanced at this time;
When vehicle climbing, driver can open static starter 200 and arrangement of clutch 300 simultaneously so that the two simultaneously to 400 output power of gear device, considerably increases the tractive torque of vehicle.

Claims (10)

1. being used for the hybrid power gearbox of motor vehicles, which is characterized in that it includes installing shell, caisson, static state to open Dynamic device, arrangement of clutch, gear device, installation shell are to be provided with installation inner cavity and be installed on the shell in vehicle engine compartments Structure, the arrangement of clutch is for directly using engine as power source and to gear device output power, the gear to be filled It sets for vehicle shift, the caisson is used for vehicle static for storing compressed gas, the static starter It rotates the output end of arrangement of clutch in advance and prevents its starting flame-out.
2. the hybrid power gearbox according to claim 1 for motor vehicles, which is characterized in that the gear dress It sets including shaft, gearshift, output shaft, output shaft is movably installed in mounting shell body and can axially rotate around itself, and defeated The power output end of shaft extend out to installation hull outside and connect with advance systems such as differential for vehicles, and shaft is axially parallel to Output shaft is axial, and shaft is movably installed in mounting shell body and can axially rotate around itself;
The gearshift is set between shaft and output shaft, the input part connection of shaft and gearshift, output shaft It is connect with the output block of gearshift.
3. the hybrid power gearbox according to claim 1 or 2 for motor vehicles, which is characterized in that the storage Device of air include input shaft, air accumulator, air pump, for receive engine power and be passed to air pump power transmit machine Structure is cut for incuding whether to store full compressed gas in air accumulator and automatically cut off the induction that power transfer mechanism internal motivation transmits Breaking mechanism;
The input shaft is axially parallel to output shaft axial direction, and input shaft is movably installed in mounting shell body and can be axial around itself Rotation, and to extend out to mounting shell external for the power intake of input shaft, and power transmission part is provided between input shaft and engine And it carries out being connected by power transmitting between the two by power transmission part;
The air accumulator and air pump is fixedly installed in installation housing outer surface, and the air pump axis of air pump is axially parallel to output Axis is axial, and the snorkel connected for the two connection is provided between air pump and air accumulator;
The power transfer mechanism includes transmission axle one, transmission axle two, fixed bracket, and fixed bracket is fixed on the pump case of air pump On, transmission axle one and air pump are coaxially arranged, and transmission axle one is movably installed on fixed bracket and can axially rotate around itself, transmitting It is provided with power transfer member between axis one and input shaft and carries out being connected by power transmitting between the two by power transfer member, Power transfer member is V belt translation component;
The end face of transmission axle one towards the air pump is coaxially arranged with mounting groove, the motive power of air pump output end coaxial arrangement There is link slot, link slot consists of two parts and is respectively towards the glissile segment of transmission axle one, away from the pass segment of transmission axle one;
The transmission axle two is set between air pump and transmission axle two, and transmission axle two and air pump are coaxially arranged, transmission axle two Consist of two parts and be respectively the linkage section two of the linkage section one of close transmission axle one, close air pump, and two diameter of linkage section Less than one diameter of linkage section;
One free end of linkage section of the transmission axle two, which is located at, to be set in the mounting groove of one end face of transmission axle, and linkage section one is certainly By being provided with connector between end and mounting groove and being connected by power between the two by connector, and transmission axle two is along certainly When body is axially displaced, transmission axle one can be continued by connector to two output power of transmission axle, and connector is to be set to peace Internal spline one in tankage, the external splines one for being set to one free end of linkage section;
Two free end of linkage section of the transmission axle two, which is located at, to be set in the link slot of motive power of air pump output end, linkage section two Free end passes through the glissile segment of link slot and is located in pass segment, and constitutes sliding between linkage section one and link slot glissile segment and lead To cooperation;
Be provided between two free end of linkage section and link slot pass segment moving part and between the two by moving part into Action edge connection, and when transmission axle two is axially displaced along itself, transmission axle two is sustainable to air pump output power, interlocks Part includes the external splines two for being set to two free end of linkage section, the internal spline two for being set to link slot pass segment;
The motion state of the power transfer mechanism can be divided into can to air pump output power transmitting state, disconnect it is defeated to air pump The off-state of power out, and the original state of power transfer mechanism is transmitting state.
4. the hybrid power gearbox according to claim 3 for motor vehicles, which is characterized in that the induction is cut Breaking mechanism is set between air pump and transmission axle one, and induction cutting mechanism includes induction cylinder, push plate, connecting tube, incudes spring, Incuding cylinder includes induction cylinder body, induction piston, induction piston bar, and induction cylinder body is circular cylinder structure, and induction cylinder body is fixed In coaxially arranged on fixed bracket and with air pump, induction cylinder interior is provided with several groups induction cylinder along itself circumferencial direction array Chamber, and the end face for incuding cylinder body towards air pump is provided with and incudes the annular transitional chamber mutually connected between cylinder chamber, and the end Face Matching installation has induction cylinder cap, incudes the gas guide nozzle for being provided on cylinder cap and connecting and connecting with annular transitional chamber;
The induction cylinder body offers the guide hole connected with induction cylinder chamber, the induction piston setting away from the end face of air pump And between the two composition slide-and-guide cooperation, one end of induction piston bar and induction piston intracavitary in the induction cylinder of induction cylinder body are solid Fixed connection, the other end pass through guide hole and are located at the side that induction cylinder body deviates from air pump, the induction piston and induction piston bar It is correspondingly arranged on several groups;
The push plate is annular plate, and induction piston bar free end is fixed in push plate and push plate and air pump are coaxially arranged, described Transmission axle two outside be provided with external step, and external step is located at the side that push plate deviates from air pump, and external step with Push plate contact;
The connecting tube is connected for the connection between air accumulator and gas guide nozzle;
The induction spring pocket is set to two outside of transmission axle and is located at the side that external step deviates from air pump, incudes the one of spring End is contradicted with external step, the other end and fixed bracket contradict, and the elastic force for incuding spring does transmission axle two away from transmission axle One movement.
5. the hybrid power gearbox according to claim 3 for motor vehicles, which is characterized in that the static state opens Dynamic device include for using the compressed gas in air accumulator as the air motor of driving source, between air motor and air accumulator Connect and control the starting control mechanism of compressed gas circulation between the two, for being connected by power simultaneously between air motor and shaft By the power connecting mechanism one for turning axial clutch output end output power;
The air motor is axially parallel to output shaft axial direction, and air motor is fixed on installation shell and its power output end Stretch to installation enclosure interior;
The starting control mechanism includes starting controller, for starting the air guide for connecting connection between controller and air accumulator Guan Yi, for starting the gas-guide tube two for connecting connection between controller and air motor;
It is provided with support plate between the starting controller and installation shell, support plate is fixed on installation hull outside, starting Controller is installed in support plate, and starting controller includes control piece, starting air valve;
The trigger valve includes starting valve body, starting spool, starting valve rod, and the starting valve body is open at one end, another End seal is closed and open end Matching installation has the shell structure of valve deck, and starting valve body is fixed in support plate, starts the appearance of valve body Face offers intake interface, outlet interface and between the two in coaxially arranged, and perforating, the trigger valve are offered on valve deck Core is set in trigger valve body and constitutes sealed slide-and-guide cooperation between the two, and starting spool can close intake interface, go out Connection between gas interface, one end of the starting valve rod is fixedly connected with starting spool, the other end passes through perforating and position Outside trigger valve body;
The gas-guide tube one is used to connect between intake interface and air accumulator and connect, and the gas-guide tube two is used for outlet interface It connects and connects between air motor;
The control piece includes starting motor, starter receiver, starting rack gear, and starting motor is fixed in support plate and it is exported Axis is axially perpendicular to the extending direction of starting valve rod, and starter receiver is fixed on outside the power output end of starting motor, starts tooth Extending direction is parallel to starting valve rod extending direction, and starts rack gear and be fixed on starting valve rod free end, starter receiver with open Carry-over bar engagement;
The motion state of the starting control mechanism can be divided into the closed state for blocking compressed gas to flow into air motor, pressure The open state that contracting gas can be flowed by starting control mechanism to air motor starts the original state of control mechanism to close State;
The power connecting mechanism one is set to installation enclosure interior, power connecting mechanism one include active spur gear one, from Dynamic spur gear one, active spur gear one are fixed on outside the power output end of air motor, and driven spur gear one is fixed on shaft Outside, and active spur gear one is engaged with driven spur gear one.
6. the hybrid power gearbox according to claim 5 for motor vehicles, which is characterized in that described is driven straight Freewheel clutch is provided between gear one and shaft, the driven spur gear one is fixedly connected on the outer ring of freewheel clutch The inner ring body of body, freewheel clutch is fixedly connected on outside shaft, freewheel clutch for realizing driven spur gear one torsion Unidirectional delivery is carried out from driven spur gear one to shaft, the freewheel clutch is ball-type freewheel clutch.
7. the hybrid power gearbox according to claim 5 for motor vehicles, which is characterized in that the clutch dress It sets including clutch, clutch control mechanism, power connecting mechanism two, clutch after vehicle start for receiving input shaft Power simultaneously outputs power to gear device through power connecting mechanism two, and clutch control mechanism is dynamic inside clutch for controlling Whether power can be transmitted;
The clutch is set in mounting shell body, and clutch includes driven member, driving link, driving link be connected by power Mechanism two connects, driven member and input axis connection;
The driving link includes clutch housing, and clutch housing is circular shell structure open at one end, closed at one end, clutch cover Shell closed end coaxially offers mounting hole, turn of the clutch housing by mounting hole pivot bush unit outside input shaft and between the two Move non-interference, and the open end of clutch housing, towards the power intake of input shaft, the closed end of clutch housing is coaxially set It is equipped with fixed lobe;
The driven member is set in clutch housing, and driven member includes Slave Block, fixes sleeve, fixes sleeve and input shaft it Between be provided with linkage part and fixes sleeve is coaxially installed on outside input shaft by linkage part, and fixes sleeve is along input When axis is axially displaced, input shaft is sustainable to fixes sleeve output power, and linkage part is be set to fixes sleeve interior Spline three, the external splines three for being set to input shaft;
The Slave Block is cylindrical structure, and sets of holes are coaxially arranged on Slave Block and Slave Block passes through the coaxial movable sleeve of sets of holes Be connected to outside fixes sleeve, the open end of the clutch housing be provided with for limit Slave Block do close to input shaft power it is defeated Enter the built-in step at end;
The end face of the Slave Block towards input shaft power intake is provided with through its radial guide groove, and guide groove Channeling direction is parallel to the diametrical direction of Slave Block at this point, and guide groove also sets up limited close to the part of Slave Block periphery Position block, region between limited block and guide groove slot bottom are the guide portion of guide groove, limited block bottom, fixes sleeve periphery, Region between guide groove slot bottom is the evacuation area of guide groove;
The periphery of the fixes sleeve is provided with hinged raised and hinged raised free end and is located in the evacuation area of guide groove;
The driven member further includes chimeric block, swing rod, brake spring, and chimeric block is the arc block coaxially arranged with fixes sleeve Structure and chimeric block are placed on Slave Block periphery, and guide protrusions are additionally provided on chimeric block and guide protrusions free end is located at Slide-and-guide cooperation is constituted in guide groove guide portion, between guide protrusions and guide groove guide portion;
It is provided with interlocking part between the chimeric block extrados and clutch housing cavity wall and is made up of between the two interlocking part It can be embedded in being connected by power for separate type at any time, interlocking part includes the reception tooth for being set to clutch housing cavity wall, is set to chimeric block The driving tooth of extrados;
One end of the swing rod and the guide protrusions that are set on chimeric block are hinged, the other end and are set in fixes sleeve Hinged protrusion is hinged, and two hinged shaft core lines are the tangential direction of Slave Block at this point;
The brake spring is sheathed on outside input shaft and between clutch housing bottom of chamber and fixes sleeve, brake spring Elastic force makes fixes sleeve do the movement far from clutch housing bottom of chamber;
The motion state of the clutch can be divided into driven member can be to the output state of driving link output power, driven member not Can be to the dissengaged positions of driving link output power, and the original state of clutch is dissengaged positions.
8. chimeric block described in is provided with several groups along the circumferencial direction of Slave Block, and the swing rod is set on Slave Block Guide groove is correspondingly arranged on several groups.
9. the hybrid power gearbox according to claim 7 for motor vehicles, which is characterized in that the clutch control Mechanism processed includes clutch controller, hydraulic oil pipe, thrust member, and thrust member is for pushing/cancelling promotion fixes sleeve, clutch Controller for driving thrust member to run, connect for the connection between clutch controller and thrust member by hydraulic oil pipe;
The clutch controller is installed in support plate, and clutch controller includes hydraulic cylinder, controller, and hydraulic cylinder includes hydraulic Cylinder body, hydraulic piston, liquid presses piston pole, the hydraulic cylinder are that open at one end, closed at one end and open end Matching installation has The housing structure of hydraulic cylinder, hydraulic cylinder are fixedly installed in support plate and are provided with hydraulic oil, hydraulic cylinder in hydraulic cylinder Cover and offer connecting hole, hydraulic cylinder closed end is provided with connection mouth, the hydraulic piston be set in hydraulic cylinder and Slide-and-guide cooperation is constituted between the two, and one end of the liquid presses piston pole is fixedly connected with hydraulic piston, the other end passes through Connecting hole is simultaneously located at outside hydraulic cylinder;
The controller includes control motor, control gear, control rack gear, and control motor is fixedly installed in support plate, controls Gear processed is fixed on outside the power output end of control motor, and the extending direction for controlling rack gear is parallel to liquid presses piston pole extension side To, and control rack gear and be fixed on liquid presses piston pole free end, control gear is engaged with control rack gear;
The thrust member is set in mounting shell body and is located at clutch towards the side of input shaft power intake, pushes away Sending component includes transition cylinder body, push cylinder, push disk;
The transition cylinder body is cylindrical structure and transition cylinder body is fixed in mounting shell body, and transition cylinder body is also same with input shaft Coaxially offer avoid holes one for avoiding input shaft in axis arrangement and transition cylinder body, transition cylinder body is towards the end of clutch Face is provided with transition sleeve, and transition cylinder body away from the end face of clutch is provided with transition grease chamber and transition grease chamber and transition sleeve Between be provided with the transitional pore mutually connected for the two, and end face matching is provided with transition cylinder cap, on transition cylinder body also It is provided with the transient nozzles connected with transition grease chamber;
The push cylinder includes push cylinder body, push piston, push piston rod, and push cylinder body is open at one end, closed at one end Housing structure, and push the cylinder body open end closed end that is fixedly sheathed in transition sleeve, and pushes cylinder body and offer and stretch Portal;
The push piston is set in push cylinder body and constitutes slide-and-guide cooperation between the two, pushes one end of piston rod It is fixedly connected with push piston, the other end passes through and stretches out hole and be located at push side of the cylinder body towards clutch;
The push cylinder is provided with several groups along the circumferencial direction array of transition cylinder body, and the transition sleeve is correspondingly arranged on Several groups;
The push disk is fixed on the free end of push piston rod, and push disk is coaxially arranged with input shaft and pushes coaxial on disk The avoid holes two for avoiding input shaft are offered, push disk is contacted with fixes sleeve;
The hydraulic oil pipe is used to be set to the connection mouth of hydraulic cylinder closed end and the transient nozzles being set on transition cylinder body Between connection connect.
10. the hybrid power gearbox according to claim 8 for motor vehicles, which is characterized in that the power Bindiny mechanism two includes active spur gear two, driven spur gear two, and active spur gear two is fixed on outside fixed lobe, driven straight Gear two is fixed on outside shaft, and active spur gear two is engaged with driven spur gear two.
CN201910367239.5A 2019-05-05 2019-05-05 Hybrid gearbox for a motor vehicle Active CN110056626B (en)

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