CN110027894B - Part assembling and feeding robot with safety protection assembly - Google Patents

Part assembling and feeding robot with safety protection assembly Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110027894B
CN110027894B CN201910398730.4A CN201910398730A CN110027894B CN 110027894 B CN110027894 B CN 110027894B CN 201910398730 A CN201910398730 A CN 201910398730A CN 110027894 B CN110027894 B CN 110027894B
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Prior art keywords
plate
assembling
feeding
bolt
bolts
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CN201910398730.4A
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CN110027894A (en
Inventor
刘萍
张书玮
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Xuzhou College of Industrial Technology
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Xuzhou College of Industrial Technology
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Priority to CN201910398730.4A priority Critical patent/CN110027894B/en
Publication of CN110027894A publication Critical patent/CN110027894A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • B23P19/006Holding or positioning the article in front of the applying tool
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/82Rotary or reciprocating members for direct action on articles or materials, e.g. pushers, rakes, shovels

Abstract

The invention discloses a part assembling, feeding and discharging robot with a safety protection assembly, which comprises: the device comprises a workbench, a feeding mechanism positioned at the upper end of the workbench and used for conveying parts, an assembling and positioning mechanism positioned at one end of the feeding mechanism and used for positioning the parts during assembling, an assembling column positioned at one end of the feeding mechanism and used for assembling the parts, wherein the bottom end of a movable plate is connected with a second cylinder in a sliding way through a chute, one end of a first supporting plate is provided with a feeding plate, the bottom end of the feeding plate is provided with a plurality of supporting blocks at equal intervals, the plurality of supporting blocks are opposite to the plurality of limiting grooves, when the electric push rod is started, the electric push rod pushes the movable rod to move upwards along the vertical direction, so that the movable rod pushes the supporting block to move upwards, the supporting block provides supporting force for the part under the limiting groove, and then make the part when assembling can not cause the part bending deformation because of the too big that the equipment post was exerted, and then improved the packaging efficiency and the equipment quality of part greatly.

Description

Part assembling and feeding robot with safety protection assembly
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of loading and unloading robots, in particular to a part assembling and unloading robot with a safety protection assembly, and belongs to the technical field of application of part assembling and unloading robots.
Background
Industrial robots have been widely used in the fields of welding, spraying, carrying and stacking, automated assembly and the like, and although industrial robots have great operational flexibility, they can perform material gripping, assembly, detection, welding and other operations in various postures within their working radius.
Traditional last unloading robot, its general structure is comparatively single, mostly cooperates operations such as equipment, welding to go on together during the use, and it generally only plays the function of treating the equipment part and carrying out the conveying at last unloading in-process, and the function that realizes is comparatively single, when carrying out the during operation on the comparatively complicated assembly bench of process, traditional last unloading robot is in order not to satisfy the use needs.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a part assembling, feeding and discharging robot with a safety protection assembly, and aims to solve the technical problems that a traditional feeding and discharging robot is single in general structure, is mostly matched with operations such as assembling, welding and the like to be carried out together when in use, generally only has a function of conveying parts to be assembled in the feeding and discharging process, has single realized function, and cannot meet the use requirement when working on an assembling table with complicated working procedures.
The purpose of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme:
a part assembly feeding and discharging robot with a safety protection assembly comprises: the assembling device comprises a workbench, a feeding mechanism, an assembling and positioning mechanism and an assembling column, wherein the feeding mechanism is positioned at the upper end of the workbench and used for conveying parts, the assembling and positioning mechanism is positioned at one end of the feeding mechanism and used for positioning the parts during assembling, and the assembling column is positioned at one end of the feeding mechanism and used for assembling the parts;
the feeding mechanism comprises a first supporting plate, a movable plate, a second cylinder, a feeding plate, a limiting block, a movable rod, supporting blocks and a mounting column, wherein the movable plate is symmetrically arranged at the bottom end of the first supporting plate along a central line, the bottom end of the movable plate is in sliding connection with the second cylinder through a sliding groove, the second cylinder is fixedly connected with the first supporting frame through a bolt, the first supporting frame is fixedly connected with the workbench through a bolt, one end of the second cylinder is movably connected with a push rod, one end of the push rod is fixedly connected with the movable plate through a bolt, the feeding plate is arranged at one end of the first supporting plate, the bottom end of the feeding plate is provided with the plurality of supporting blocks at equal intervals, the plurality of supporting blocks are opposite to the plurality of limiting grooves, the movable rod is fixedly arranged at the bottom ends of the plurality of supporting blocks through bolts, the bottom ends of the movable rods penetrate through the, the bottom end of the fixed plate is symmetrically provided with a second bracket which is fixedly connected with the workbench through a bolt;
the assembling and positioning mechanism comprises a positioning plate, positioning grooves, a second supporting plate, a movable plate, a third air cylinder, a telescopic rod, a regulating plate and a fifth air cylinder, wherein the positioning plate is provided with a plurality of positioning grooves at equal intervals, the plurality of positioning grooves are arranged opposite to a plurality of limiting grooves, so that parts can enter the opposite positioning grooves under thrust from the plurality of limiting grooves, the bottom end of the positioning plate is fixedly provided with the second supporting plate through bolts, the bottom end of the second supporting plate is fixedly provided with the movable plate through bolts, the bottom end of the movable plate is fixedly provided with a first sliding block through bolts, the bottom end of the first sliding block is connected with the third air cylinder in a sliding manner, one end of the third air cylinder is movably connected with a connecting rod, one end of the connecting rod is fixedly provided with a connecting plate through bolts, the connecting plate is fixedly connected with a third support through, the fifth cylinder is fixedly connected with the movable plate through a bolt, the top end of the fifth cylinder is movably connected with a connecting rod, and the top end of the connecting rod is fixedly connected with the second supporting plate through a bolt.
As a further scheme of the invention, bases are symmetrically arranged at the bottom end of the positioning plate, the bases are fixedly connected with the second sliding block through bolts, the bottom end of the second sliding block is connected with a linear guide rail in a sliding mode, the linear guide rail is fixedly connected with the fixed seat through bolts, a fixed block is arranged at one end of the linear guide rail, and the fixed block is fixedly connected with the fixed seat through bolts.
As a further scheme of the invention, the top ends of the third support are symmetrically provided with fourth air cylinders, the top ends of the fourth air cylinders are movably connected with telescopic rods, the top ends of the telescopic rods are fixedly provided with push plates through bolts, the top ends of the push plates are fixedly connected with adjusting plates through bolts, and one ends of the adjusting plates are fixedly connected with the transverse plate through bolts.
As a further scheme of the invention, the top end of the third support is fixedly provided with an installation plate through a bolt, the installation plate is of an L-shaped structure, the top end of the installation plate is fixedly provided with a limiting column through a bolt, and the limiting column limits the lifting height of the transverse plate.
As a further scheme of the invention, the feeding plate is of a plate-shaped structure, the top end of the feeding plate is provided with a linear groove, a plurality of limiting grooves are arranged on the feeding plate at equal intervals, limiting plates are movably connected in the limiting grooves, the limiting plates are fixedly connected with the first supporting plate through bolts, and one end of each limiting plate is fixedly provided with a limiting block through a bolt.
As a further scheme of the invention, the two limiting blocks are in crescent structures, one ends of the limiting blocks are provided with circular arcs, the two limiting blocks are arranged oppositely, so that the two limiting blocks form a circle, and the circle formed by the two limiting blocks is matched with the structure of the limiting groove.
As a further scheme of the invention, the top end of the feeding mechanism is provided with a lifting plate, the bottom end of the lifting plate is provided with a plurality of mounting frames at equal intervals, the bottom ends of the mounting frames are fixedly provided with assembling columns through bolts, the assembling columns are positioned at opposite positions above the limiting grooves, and the top end of the lifting plate is provided with a first air cylinder.
As a further scheme of the invention, storage boxes for containing the assembly parts are arranged at two ends of the workbench, and a display screen for displaying the assembly process is arranged at one end of the workbench.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the invention relates to a part assembling and feeding robot with a safety protection assembly, wherein the bottom end of a movable plate is connected with a second cylinder in a sliding way through a chute, one end of the second cylinder is movably connected with a push rod, one end of the push rod is fixedly connected with the movable plate through a bolt, the second cylinder pushes the push rod to move along the horizontal direction, and further pushes the movable plate to move along the length direction of the chute through the push rod, so that the movable plate drives a first supporting plate to move along the length direction of the chute, one end of the first supporting plate is provided with a feeding plate, the bottom end of the feeding plate is provided with a plurality of supporting blocks at equal intervals, the plurality of supporting blocks are opposite to the plurality of limiting grooves, when the electric push rod is started, the electric push rod pushes the movable rod to move upwards along the vertical direction, so that the movable rod pushes the supporting blocks to move upwards, the supporting blocks provide supporting force for parts under the limiting grooves, and further, the bending deformation of the parts is caused, and the assembly efficiency and the assembly quality of the parts are greatly improved.
2. The invention relates to a part assembling and feeding robot with a safety protection assembly, wherein a plurality of positioning grooves are arranged on a positioning plate at equal intervals, the positioning grooves are arranged opposite to a plurality of limiting grooves, so that parts can enter the corresponding positioning grooves under thrust from the limiting grooves to perform the next working procedure, a second supporting plate is fixedly arranged at the bottom end of the positioning plate through bolts, a movable plate is fixedly arranged at the bottom end of the second supporting plate through bolts, a first sliding block is fixedly arranged at the bottom end of the movable plate through bolts, a third air cylinder is connected to the bottom end of the first sliding block in a sliding manner, when the third air cylinder is started, the third air cylinder pushes a connecting rod to move in a direction close to or far away from a third support along the horizontal direction, so that the movable plate drives the second supporting plate to move in a direction close to or far away from the third support, and the fifth air cylinder, and then make the fifth cylinder promote the connecting rod rebound, and then make locating plate and delivery sheet be in same level, and then make the part after the spacing inslot equipment, the limiting plate can push the constant head tank with the part from the spacing inslot through the promotion of first backup pad, and then make the part can get into next equipment process automatically, make the equipment process flow smooth and easy, the packaging efficiency improves greatly.
3. The invention relates to a part assembling and feeding robot with a safety protection assembly, wherein fourth cylinders are symmetrically arranged at the top end of a third support, telescopic rods are movably connected to the top ends of the fourth cylinders, push plates are fixedly mounted at the top ends of the telescopic rods through bolts, adjusting plates are fixedly connected to the top ends of the push plates through bolts, and one ends of the adjusting plates are fixedly connected with a transverse plate through bolts.
Drawings
In order to facilitate understanding for those skilled in the art, the present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a part assembling, feeding and discharging robot with a safety protection assembly according to the present invention.
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of portion A of FIG. 1 according to the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the installation of the feeding mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a front view of the feed mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of the assembly positioning mechanism of the present invention.
FIG. 6 is a side view of the assembly positioning mechanism of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a work table; 2. a feeding mechanism; 201. a first support plate; 202. moving the plate; 203. a second cylinder; 204. a chute; 205. a push rod; 206. a first bracket; 207. a feeding plate; 208. a limiting groove; 209. a limiting plate; 210. a limiting block; 211. a fixing plate; 212. a second bracket; 213. an electric push rod; 214. a travel bar; 215. a support block; 216. mounting a column; 3. assembling a positioning mechanism; 301. a third support; 302. positioning a plate; 303. positioning a groove; 304. a second support plate; 305. a base; 306. a movable plate; 307. a first slider; 308. a third cylinder; 309. a second slider; 310. a linear guide rail; 311. a fixed block; 312. a fixed seat; 313. a fourth cylinder; 314. a telescopic rod; 315. pushing the plate; 316. an adjusting plate; 317. mounting a plate; 318. a limiting column; 319. a transverse plate; 320. a fifth cylinder; 4. a lifting plate; 5. a first cylinder; 6. a storage box; 7. a display screen; 8. a mounting frame; 9. and (6) assembling the column.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the following embodiments, and it should be understood that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-6, a part assembly loading and unloading robot with a safety protection assembly includes: the assembling device comprises a workbench 1, a feeding mechanism 2 which is arranged at the upper end of the workbench 1 and used for conveying parts, an assembling and positioning mechanism 3 which is arranged at one end of the feeding mechanism 2 and used for positioning the parts during assembling, and an assembling column 9 which is arranged at one end of the feeding mechanism 2 and used for assembling the parts.
The feeding mechanism 2 comprises a first supporting plate 201, a moving plate 202, a second cylinder 203, a feeding plate 207, a limiting block 210, a moving rod 214, a supporting block 215 and a mounting column 216, wherein the moving plate 202 is symmetrically arranged at the bottom end of the first supporting plate 201 along a central line, the moving plate 202 is in an L-shaped structure, the bottom end of the moving plate 202 is slidably connected with the second cylinder 203 through a sliding groove 204, the second cylinder 203 is fixedly connected with a first bracket 206 through a bolt, the first bracket 206 is fixedly connected with the workbench 1 through a bolt, one end of the second cylinder 203 is movably connected with a push rod 205, one end of the push rod 205 is fixedly connected with the moving plate 202 through a bolt, so that when the second cylinder 203 is started, the second cylinder 203 pushes the push rod 205 to move along the horizontal direction, and then the moving plate 202 is pushed by the push rod 205 to move along the length direction of the sliding groove 204, so that the moving plate 202 drives, one end of the first supporting plate 201 is provided with a feeding plate 207, the bottom end of the feeding plate 207 is provided with a plurality of supporting blocks 215 at equal intervals, the plurality of supporting blocks 215 are opposite to the position of the plurality of limiting grooves 208, the bottom ends of the plurality of supporting blocks 215 are fixedly provided with moving rods 214 through bolts, the bottom ends of the moving rods 214 penetrate through the fixing plate 211 and extend downwards, the bottom ends of the moving rods 214 are provided with electric push rods 213, the electric push rods 213 are fixedly connected with the fixing plate 211 through bolts, the bottom ends of the fixing plate 211 are symmetrically provided with second brackets 212, the second brackets 212 are fixedly connected with the workbench 1 through bolts, when a part stays at the corresponding position of the limiting groove 208, the electric push rods 213 are started, the moving rods 214 are pushed by the electric push rods 213 to move upwards along the vertical direction, and then the moving rods 214 push the supporting blocks 215 to move upwards, so that the supporting, and further, the part cannot be bent and deformed due to overlarge application of the assembling column 9 during assembling, so that the assembling efficiency and the assembling quality of the part are greatly improved.
The assembling and positioning mechanism 3 comprises a positioning plate 302, positioning grooves 303, a second supporting plate 304, a movable plate 306, a third air cylinder 308, an expansion rod 314, an adjusting plate 316 and a fifth air cylinder 320, wherein the positioning plate 302 is provided with a plurality of positioning grooves 303 at equal intervals, the plurality of positioning grooves 303 are arranged opposite to the plurality of limiting grooves 208, so that parts can enter the corresponding positioning grooves 303 under thrust from the plurality of limiting grooves 208 to perform the next process, the second supporting plate 304 is fixedly arranged at the bottom end of the positioning plate 302 through bolts, the movable plate 306 is fixedly arranged at the bottom end of the second supporting plate 304 through bolts, a first sliding block 307 is fixedly arranged at the bottom end of the movable plate 306 through bolts, the third air cylinder 308 is slidably connected to the bottom end of the first sliding block 307, a connecting rod is movably connected to one end of the third air cylinder 308, a connecting plate is fixedly arranged at one end of, the third bracket 301 is fixedly connected with the workbench 1 through a bolt, one end of the second support plate 304 is provided with a fifth cylinder 320, the fifth cylinder 320 is fixedly connected with a movable plate 306 through a bolt, the top end of the fifth cylinder 320 is movably connected with a connecting rod, the top end of the connecting rod is fixedly connected with the second support plate 304 through a bolt, so that when the third cylinder 308 is started, the third cylinder 308 pushes the connecting rod to move in a direction close to or away from the third bracket 301 along the horizontal direction, the movable plate 306 drives the second support plate 304 to move in a direction close to and away from the third bracket 301, the fifth cylinder 320 is opened after the positioning plate 302 is close to the third bracket 301, the fifth cylinder 320 pushes the connecting rod to move upwards, the positioning plate 302 and the feeding plate 207 are at the same horizontal height, and further, after the parts are assembled in the limiting groove 208, the limiting plate 209 can push the parts from the limiting groove 208 into the positioning groove 303 through the pushing of the first support plate 201, thereby enabling the parts to automatically enter the next assembly process.
The bottom symmetry of locating plate 302 is provided with base 305, base 305 passes through bolt and second slider 309 fixed connection, the bottom sliding connection of second slider 309 has linear guide 310, linear guide 310 passes through bolt and fixing base 312 fixed connection, and linear guide 310's one end is provided with fixed block 311, fixed block 311 passes through bolt and fixing base 312 fixed connection, it is spacing to make fixed block 311 carry out linear guide 310, and then when making third cylinder 308 drive locating plate 302 horizontal migration, base 305 can drive second slider 309 and remove along linear guide 310, and then provide the holding power for the removal of locating plate 302, make locating plate 302 more stable when removing.
The top symmetry of third support 301 is provided with fourth cylinder 313, the top swing joint of fourth cylinder 313 has telescopic link 314, there is push pedal 315 on the top of telescopic link 314 through bolt fixed mounting, bolt fixedly connected with regulating plate 316 is passed through on the top of push pedal 315, bolt and diaphragm 319 fixed connection are passed through to the one end of regulating plate 316, and then make when fourth cylinder 313 starts, fourth cylinder 313 promotes diaphragm 319 through push pedal 315 and reciprocates along vertical direction, with the location when assembling to the part, and then make the part when further assembling, can provide spacingly when the equipment for the part through the lapse of diaphragm 319, make the part more stable when the equipment, the efficiency of equipment has been improved.
The top of third support 301 has mounting panel 317 through bolt fixed mounting, and mounting panel 317 is L shape structure, and bolt fixed mounting has spacing post 318 on mounting panel 317's top, and spacing post 318 is spacing to the height that goes up and down of diaphragm 319.
The feed plate 207 is provided with the platelike structure of sharp recess for the top, equidistant a plurality of spacing grooves 208 that are provided with on the feed plate 207, equal swing joint has limiting plate 209 in a plurality of spacing grooves 208, limiting plate 209 passes through bolt and first backup pad 201 fixed connection, there is stopper 210 limiting plate 209's one end through bolt fixed mounting, and then when first backup pad 201 atress removes to the direction that is close to feed plate 207, limiting plate 209 removes along with first backup pad 201, and then make stopper 210 remove to spacing groove 208 in, make the part before being assembled, can be spacing, make the state of part more stable during the equipment, and feed plate 207 carries the part is automatic, make whole assembling process smooth, need not manual operation, the precision is higher, satisfy the equipment requirement of complicated production.
The stopper 210 is the crescent structure that one end was provided with the circular arc, and the quantity of stopper 210 is two, and two stoppers 210 set up relatively for two stoppers 210 enclose into a circular shape, and the circular and spacing groove 208's that two stoppers 210 enclose structure looks adaptation, make stopper 210 can be through cooperating with spacing groove 208, fix a position the part of carrying on the feed table 207, conveniently assemble post 9 and assemble the part.
The top of feeding mechanism 2 is provided with lifter plate 4, and the bottom of lifter plate 4 is equidistant to be provided with a plurality of mounting brackets 8, and there is equipment post 9 in the bottom of a plurality of mounting brackets 8 through bolt fixed mounting, and equipment post 9 is located the top relative position of spacing groove 208, and the top of lifter plate 4 is provided with first cylinder 5, and first cylinder 5 can promote lifter plate 4 and reciprocate to make equipment post 9 assemble the part.
Storage boxes 6 for containing assembly parts are arranged at two ends of the workbench 1, and a display screen 7 for displaying an assembly process is arranged at one end of the workbench 1.
When the invention is used, the bottom end of the moving plate 202 is connected with the second air cylinder 203 in a sliding way through the chute 204, one end of the second air cylinder 203 is movably connected with the push rod 205, one end of the push rod 205 is fixedly connected with the moving plate 202 through a bolt, the second air cylinder 203 pushes the push rod 205 to move along the horizontal direction, and then the push rod 205 pushes the moving plate 202 to move along the length direction of the chute 204, so that the moving plate 202 drives the first supporting plate 201 to move along the length direction of the chute 204, one end of the first supporting plate 201 is provided with the feeding plate 207, the bottom end of the feeding plate 207 is provided with a plurality of supporting blocks 215 at equal intervals, the plurality of supporting blocks 215 are opposite to the positions of the plurality of limiting grooves 208, when the electric push rod 213 is started, the electric push rod 213 pushes the moving rod 214 to move upwards along the vertical direction, so that the moving rod 214 pushes the supporting blocks 215, therefore, when the parts are assembled, the bending deformation of the parts caused by overlarge application of the assembling columns 9 can be avoided, and the assembling efficiency and the assembling quality of the parts are greatly improved; the positioning plate 302 is provided with a plurality of positioning grooves 303 at equal intervals, the plurality of positioning grooves 303 are arranged opposite to the plurality of limiting grooves 208, so that a part can enter the corresponding positioning grooves 303 from the plurality of limiting grooves 208 under thrust to perform a next process, the bottom end of the positioning plate 302 is fixedly provided with a second supporting plate 304 through bolts, the bottom end of the second supporting plate 304 is fixedly provided with a movable plate 306 through bolts, the bottom end of the movable plate 306 is fixedly provided with a first slider 307 through bolts, the bottom end of the first slider 307 is connected with a third cylinder 308 in a sliding manner, when the third cylinder 308 is started, the third cylinder 308 pushes the connecting rod to move along a direction close to or far away from the third bracket 301 along the horizontal direction, so that the movable plate 306 drives the second supporting plate 304 to move towards a direction close to or far away from the third bracket 301, so that the fifth cylinder 320 is started after the positioning plate 302 is close to the third bracket, further, the positioning plate 302 and the feeding plate 207 are at the same horizontal height, so that after the parts are assembled in the limiting groove 208, the limiting plate 209 can push the parts into the positioning groove 303 from the limiting groove 208 by the pushing of the first supporting plate 201, and further the parts can automatically enter the next assembly process, so that the assembly process flow is smooth, and the assembly efficiency is greatly improved; the top symmetry of third support 301 is provided with fourth cylinder 313, the top swing joint of fourth cylinder 313 has telescopic link 314, there is push pedal 315 on the top of telescopic link 314 through bolt fixed mounting, bolt fixedly connected with regulating plate 316 is passed through on the top of push pedal 315, bolt and diaphragm 319 fixed connection are passed through to the one end of regulating plate 316, and then make when fourth cylinder 313 starts, fourth cylinder 313 promotes diaphragm 319 through push pedal 315 and reciprocates along vertical direction, with the location when assembling to the part, and then make the part when further assembling, can provide spacingly when the equipment for the part through the lapse of diaphragm 319, make the part more stable when the equipment, the efficiency of equipment has been improved.
The preferred embodiments of the invention disclosed above are intended to be illustrative only. The preferred embodiments are not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise embodiments disclosed. Obviously, many modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teaching. The embodiments were chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the invention and the practical application, to thereby enable others skilled in the art to best utilize the invention. The invention is limited only by the claims and their full scope and equivalents.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a spare part equipment feeding and discharging robot with safety protection subassembly which characterized in that includes: the automatic assembling device comprises a workbench (1), a feeding mechanism (2) positioned at the upper end of the workbench (1) and used for conveying parts, an assembling and positioning mechanism (3) positioned at one end of the feeding mechanism (2) and used for positioning the parts during assembling, and an assembling column (9) positioned at one end of the feeding mechanism (2) and used for assembling the parts;
the feeding mechanism (2) comprises a first supporting plate (201), a moving plate (202), a second air cylinder (203), a feeding plate (207), a limiting block (210), a moving rod (214), a supporting block (215) and a mounting column (216), wherein the moving plate (202) is symmetrically arranged at the bottom end of the first supporting plate (201) along a central line, the bottom end of the moving plate (202) is in sliding connection with the second air cylinder (203) through a sliding groove (204), the second air cylinder (203) is fixedly connected with a first support (206) through a bolt, the first support (206) is fixedly connected with the workbench (1) through a bolt, one end of the second air cylinder (203) is movably connected with a push rod (205), one end of the push rod (205) is fixedly connected with the moving plate (202) through a bolt, the feeding plate (207) is arranged at one end of the first supporting plate (201), the supporting block (215) is arranged at the bottom end of the feeding plate, the positions of the supporting blocks (215) are opposite to the positions of the limiting grooves (208), the bottom ends of the supporting blocks (215) are fixedly provided with moving rods (214) through bolts, the bottom ends of the moving rods (214) penetrate through the fixing plate (211) to extend downwards, the bottom ends of the moving rods (214) are provided with electric push rods (213), the electric push rods (213) are fixedly connected with the fixing plate (211) through bolts, the bottom ends of the fixing plate (211) are symmetrically provided with second supports (212), and the second supports (212) are fixedly connected with the workbench (1) through bolts;
the assembling and positioning mechanism (3) comprises a positioning plate (302), positioning grooves (303), a second supporting plate (304), a movable plate (306), a third air cylinder (308), an expansion link (314), an adjusting plate (316) and a fifth air cylinder (320), wherein the positioning plate (302) is provided with a plurality of positioning grooves (303) at equal intervals, the positioning grooves (303) are arranged opposite to a plurality of limiting grooves (208), so that parts can enter the corresponding positioning grooves (303) under thrust from the limiting grooves (208), the bottom end of the positioning plate (302) is fixedly provided with the second supporting plate (304) through bolts, the bottom end of the second supporting plate (304) is fixedly provided with the movable plate (306) through bolts, the bottom end of the movable plate (306) is fixedly provided with a first sliding block (307) through bolts, the bottom end of the first sliding block (307) is connected with the third air cylinder (308) in a sliding manner, and one end of the third, the one end of connecting rod has the connecting plate through bolt fixed mounting, the connecting plate passes through bolt and third support (301) fixed connection, third support (301) pass through bolt and workstation (1) fixed connection, the one end of second backup pad (304) is provided with fifth cylinder (320), fifth cylinder (320) pass through bolt and fly leaf (306) fixed connection, and the top swing joint of fifth cylinder (320) has the connecting rod, bolt and second backup pad (304) fixed connection are passed through to the top of connecting rod.
2. The part assembling and feeding robot with the safety protection assembly as claimed in claim 1, wherein bases (305) are symmetrically arranged at the bottom end of the positioning plate (302), the bases (305) are fixedly connected with the second sliding block (309) through bolts, a linear guide rail (310) is slidably connected to the bottom end of the second sliding block (309), the linear guide rail (310) is fixedly connected with the fixing seat (312) through bolts, a fixing block (311) is arranged at one end of the linear guide rail (310), and the fixing block (311) is fixedly connected with the fixing seat (312) through bolts.
3. The part assembling, feeding and discharging robot with the safety protection assembly according to claim 1, wherein a fourth cylinder (313) is symmetrically arranged at the top end of the third support (301), a telescopic rod (314) is movably connected to the top end of the fourth cylinder (313), a push plate (315) is fixedly installed at the top end of the telescopic rod (314) through a bolt, an adjusting plate (316) is fixedly connected to the top end of the push plate (315) through a bolt, and one end of the adjusting plate (316) is fixedly connected with the transverse plate (319) through a bolt.
4. The part assembling and feeding robot with the safety protection assembly as claimed in claim 1, wherein a mounting plate (317) is fixedly mounted at the top end of the third bracket (301) through a bolt, the mounting plate (317) is of an L-shaped structure, a limiting column (318) is fixedly mounted at the top end of the mounting plate (317) through a bolt, and the limiting column (318) limits the lifting height of the transverse plate (319).
5. The part assembling feeding and discharging robot with the safety protection assembly according to claim 1, wherein the feeding plate (207) is of a plate-shaped structure with a linear groove at the top end, a plurality of limiting grooves (208) are formed in the feeding plate (207) at equal intervals, limiting plates (209) are movably connected in the limiting grooves (208), the limiting plates (209) are fixedly connected with the first supporting plate (201) through bolts, and limiting blocks (210) are fixedly mounted at one ends of the limiting plates (209) through bolts.
6. The part assembling, feeding and discharging robot with the safety protection assembly as claimed in claim 1, wherein the stoppers (210) are crescent structures with an arc at one end, the number of the stoppers (210) is two, the two stoppers (210) are arranged oppositely, so that the two stoppers (210) form a circle, and the circle formed by the two stoppers (210) is matched with the structure of the stopper groove (208).
7. The part assembling and feeding robot with the safety protection assembly as claimed in claim 1, wherein a lifting plate (4) is arranged at the top end of the feeding mechanism (2), a plurality of mounting frames (8) are arranged at equal intervals at the bottom end of the lifting plate (4), assembling columns (9) are fixedly mounted at the bottom ends of the mounting frames (8) through bolts, the assembling columns (9) are located at the upper relative positions of the limiting grooves (208), and a first air cylinder (5) is arranged at the top end of the lifting plate (4).
8. The part assembling and blanking robot with the safety protection assembly as claimed in claim 1, wherein storage boxes (6) for containing assembled parts are arranged at two ends of the workbench (1), and a display screen (7) for displaying the assembling process is arranged at one end of the workbench (1).
CN201910398730.4A 2019-05-14 2019-05-14 Part assembling and feeding robot with safety protection assembly Active CN110027894B (en)

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CN110027894B true CN110027894B (en) 2020-09-01

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102015001262A1 (en) * 2014-10-05 2016-04-07 Thomas Magnete Gmbh Production plant and its parts
CN108335899A (en) * 2018-03-20 2018-07-27 中山市科彼特自动化设备有限公司 A kind of equipment producing patch type inductance
CN207827202U (en) * 2018-01-09 2018-09-07 杭州微光电子股份有限公司 Transfer work piece apparatus and Workpiece machining apparatus
CN109014870A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-12-18 宁波蓝圣智能科技有限公司 A kind of automatic assembly mechanism of bolt and aluminium block
CN208713295U (en) * 2018-08-17 2019-04-09 东莞市图灵自动化有限公司 A kind of speaker front cover automatic installation apparatus

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102015001262A1 (en) * 2014-10-05 2016-04-07 Thomas Magnete Gmbh Production plant and its parts
CN207827202U (en) * 2018-01-09 2018-09-07 杭州微光电子股份有限公司 Transfer work piece apparatus and Workpiece machining apparatus
CN108335899A (en) * 2018-03-20 2018-07-27 中山市科彼特自动化设备有限公司 A kind of equipment producing patch type inductance
CN109014870A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-12-18 宁波蓝圣智能科技有限公司 A kind of automatic assembly mechanism of bolt and aluminium block
CN208713295U (en) * 2018-08-17 2019-04-09 东莞市图灵自动化有限公司 A kind of speaker front cover automatic installation apparatus

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