CN109941803B - Spreading machine - Google Patents

Spreading machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109941803B
CN109941803B CN201910334410.2A CN201910334410A CN109941803B CN 109941803 B CN109941803 B CN 109941803B CN 201910334410 A CN201910334410 A CN 201910334410A CN 109941803 B CN109941803 B CN 109941803B
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China
Prior art keywords
cloth
driving
fixing
roller
splint
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CN201910334410.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109941803A (en
Inventor
金志远
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Anji Wanzhou Electric Co ltd
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Anji Wanzhou Electric Co ltd
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Priority to CN201910334410.2A priority Critical patent/CN109941803B/en
Publication of CN109941803A publication Critical patent/CN109941803A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a cloth spreading machine, which comprises a rack, a fixing device for fixing a cloth roller, a blanking device for drawing cloth, a cloth drawing device and a cutting device, wherein the cloth drawing device comprises a workbench, a cloth drawing roller which can move left and right relative to the workbench, a fixing mechanism for fixing the cloth on the workbench and a first driving mechanism for driving the cloth drawing roller to move, when the cloth is drawn, one end of the cloth drawn by the blanking device is fixed on the workbench through the fixing device, the cloth drawing roller is driven by the first driving mechanism to move above the workbench, and the cloth on the cloth roller is drawn out and flatly laid on the workbench, so that the cloth is drawn out, the cloth drawing is completed without moving the cloth roller, only the cloth drawing roller is required to move, the processing cost is reduced, and the wrinkles on the surface of the cloth can be smoothed by the cloth drawing roller in the cloth drawing process, so that the cloth is smoother, facilitating subsequent processing.

Description

Spreading machine
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of garment production equipment, and particularly relates to a cloth spreading machine.
Background
In the prior clothing making process, the cloth stretching is the first procedure of clothing making, and the quality of the cloth stretching and the cloth cutting is an important prerequisite for making the clothing which meets the specification. In prior art, generally adopt the granny rag machine to shakeout the cloth, however, the granny rag machine cuts the cloth tiling through removing the cloth roller mostly at present, because cloth roller self is heavier, then constantly removes cloth roller and need consume more electric energy, needs higher processing cost.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides the cloth spreading machine with energy conservation and low processing cost in order to overcome the defects of the prior art.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: a cloth spreading machine comprises a rack, a fixing device for fixing a cloth roller, a blanking device for drawing cloth, a cloth spreading device and a cutting device, wherein the cloth spreading device comprises a workbench, a cloth spreading roller capable of moving left and right relative to the workbench, a fixing mechanism for fixing the cloth on the workbench and a first driving mechanism for driving the cloth spreading roller to move; when the granny rag, the cloth one end of pulling out unloader through fixing device earlier is fixed on the workstation, rethread first actuating mechanism drives the granny rag roller and removes in the workstation top, and then pulls out the cloth tiling on the cloth roller on the workstation, thereby accomplish the cloth and pull out, need not to remove the cloth roller, only need remove the granny rag roller can, the processing cost has been reduced, and the granny rag roller can smooth the fold on cloth surface at the in-process that removes the granny rag, make the cloth more level and more smooth, the subsequent processing of being convenient for.
The fixing device comprises a fixing frame arranged right above the workbench, push blocks symmetrically arranged on two sides of the fixing frame, guide rollers symmetrically arranged at the bottom of the fixing frame and a first driving piece for driving the push blocks to move, and the fixing frame is provided with a clamping groove matched with the distributing roller; can go into the mount with cloth roller card through the draw-in groove to cloth roller is deviate from at the rotation in-process, promotes the position that the ejector pad can adjust cloth roller through first driving piece, makes cloth roller middle part aim at the workstation middle part, and the follow-up processing of being convenient for can avoid the cloth directly to take place the friction with the mount through setting up the guide roll, in order to avoid the cloth to damage.
The blanking device comprises a first clamping plate arranged above the workbench, a second clamping plate symmetrically arranged with the first clamping plate, a plurality of bulges uniformly arranged on the second clamping plate, a second driving piece driving the second clamping plate to be close to the first clamping plate and a second driving mechanism driving the first clamping plate and the second clamping plate to move, wherein the first clamping plate is provided with a jack matched with the bulges; during the unloading, at first pull out partly with the cloth, make the cloth tip fall into between first splint and the second splint, rethread second driving piece makes two splint be close to, and then with the centre gripping of cloth tip between first splint and second splint, rethread second actuating mechanism removes first splint, can pull out the cloth, the follow-up fixed cloth of being convenient for, cooperation through arch and jack can increase first splint and second splint clamping-force to avoid droing at the pulling in-process cloth.
The second driving mechanism comprises rails symmetrically arranged on two sides of the workbench, idler wheels matched with the rails, a third driving piece for driving the idler wheels to rotate and a connecting plate, one side of the connecting plate is rotatably connected with the idler wheels, and the other end of the connecting plate is fixedly connected with the first clamping plate.
The first driving mechanism comprises a driving rod symmetrically arranged on the rack, first gears symmetrically arranged on the driving rod, second gears symmetrically arranged below the first gears, a chain sleeved on the first gears and the second gears, and a fourth driving part driving the driving rod to rotate, wherein the chain is sleeved on the first gears and the second gears, and two ends of the cloth spreading roller are respectively fixed on the chain.
The fixing mechanism comprises first pressing plates symmetrically arranged on two sides of the workbench, a second pressing plate arranged below the first pressing plate, a first elastic piece, a fifth driving piece driving the first pressing plate to move up and down and a sixth driving piece driving the first pressing plate to move left and right, one end of the first elastic piece is fixedly connected to the first pressing plate, and the other end of the first elastic piece is fixedly connected to the second pressing plate; when the cloth needs to be fixed, the first pressing plate is moved upwards through the fifth driving piece, then the sixth driving piece moves the first pressing plate, the first pressing plate is located right above the cloth, then the first pressing plate is moved downwards, the second pressing plate is in contact with the cloth, the cloth is compacted and fixed on the workbench, the fixing effect can be guaranteed through the arrangement of the first elastic piece, and the cloth can be prevented from being damaged along with the second pressing plate overlapped with the cloth.
The cutting device comprises sliding rods symmetrically arranged on two sides of the rack, sliding blocks matched with the sliding rods, cutting knives arranged on the sliding blocks, cutting grooves symmetrically arranged on the cloth roller, seventh driving pieces driving the sliding blocks to slide and an adjusting mechanism used for adjusting the heights of the cutting knives; the seventh driving piece is used for moving the sliding block to drive the cutting knife to slide in the cutting groove, so that the winding is cut on the cloth spreading roller, the cutting groove can be cut by setting, and the subsequent processing is facilitated.
The adjustment mechanism comprises a mounting groove, a fixing rod and a fixing piece, wherein the mounting groove is symmetrically formed in the rack, the fixing rod is arranged in the mounting groove, the fixing block can slide up and down, the fixing rod is sleeved with a second elastic piece, a third gear and a pressing rod, the pressing rod is used for pressing a chain down, the fourth gear is arranged at two ends of the pressing rod, the pressing rod drives the eighth driving piece to move up and down, the third gear is meshed with the chain and is connected with the fixing block in a rotating mode, and the fourth gear is meshed with the chain.
In conclusion, the cloth spreading roller is not required to be moved, the cloth spreading roller is only required to be moved, the processing cost is reduced, and the cloth spreading roller can smooth wrinkles on the surface of the cloth in the cloth spreading process, so that the cloth is smoother, and the subsequent processing is facilitated.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged view of fig. 1 at a.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged view of fig. 1 at B.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged view at C of fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is an enlarged view of fig. 1 at D.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1-5, a spreader comprises a frame 1, a fixing device, a blanking device, a spreading device and a cutting device, wherein the fixing device comprises a fixing frame 11, a pushing block 12, a guide roller 13 and a first driving member 14, the fixing frame 11 is provided with a clamping groove for clamping two ends of a distribution roller, so that the distribution roller is prevented from being separated in the rotating process; the first driving piece 14 is a cylinder and symmetrically fixed on the fixed frame, the push block 12 is rotatably connected to an output shaft of the first driving piece and is arranged corresponding to the clamping groove, and the position of the distributing roller can be adjusted by pushing the push block through the first driving piece, so that the middle part of the distributing roller is aligned to the middle part of the workbench, and subsequent processing is facilitated; the guide roller 13 is a conventional round roller and is rotatably connected to two sides of the fixing frame 11, so that direct friction between cloth and the fixing frame is avoided, and the cloth is prevented from being damaged.
The blanking device comprises a first clamping plate 2, a second clamping plate 21, a protrusion 22, a second driving piece 23, a track 24, a roller 25, a third driving piece 26 and a connecting plate 27, wherein the track 24 is symmetrically fixed on the rack and positioned on two sides of the workbench, a rack is fixed on the surface of the track, the roller 25 is selected from gears and meshed with the rack on the surface of the track, the third driving piece 26 is selected from a motor, an output shaft of the motor is fixed on the roller 25, the connecting plate 27 is connected on the roller through a shaft, two ends of the first clamping plate 2 are respectively fixed on the connecting plate 27, jacks are uniformly formed in the first clamping plate, the second clamping plate 21 is arranged corresponding to the first clamping plate, the surface of the second clamping plate is uniformly fixed with the protrusion, the protrusion and the jacks in the first clamping plate are symmetrically arranged, and can be inserted into the jacks, an air cylinder is selected from the, and the output of second driving piece is fixed at second splint tip, then during the unloading, at first pull out partly with the cloth, make the cloth tip fall into between first splint and the second splint, rethread second driving piece makes two splint be close to, and then with cloth tip centre gripping between first splint and second splint, rethread third driving piece drives the gyro wheel and rotates, make first splint and second splint remove, can pull out the cloth, be convenient for follow-up fixed cloth, cooperation through arch and jack can increase first splint and second splint clamping-force, in order to avoid droing at the pulling in-process cloth.
The cloth spreading device comprises a workbench 3, a cloth spreading roller 31, a fixing mechanism and a first driving mechanism, wherein the first driving mechanism comprises a driving rod 32, a first gear 33, a second gear 34, a chain 35 and a fourth driving part, the fixing mechanism comprises a first pressing plate 36, a second pressing plate 37, a first elastic part 38, a fifth driving part 39 and a sixth driving part 391, the sixth driving part 391 selects an air cylinder and is symmetrically fixed on two sides of the workbench, the fifth driving part 39 selects an air cylinder and is fixed at the output end of the sixth driving part, the first pressing plate 36 is fixed at the output end of the fifth driving part, the first elastic part 38 selects a conventional elastic telescopic rod, the upper end of the first elastic part is fixed on the lower surface of the first pressing plate, the second pressing plate 37 is fixed at the lower end of the first elastic part, when cloth needs to be fixed, the first pressing plate is moved upwards by the fifth driving part and then the first pressing plate is moved by the sixth driving part, make first clamp plate be located directly over the cloth, then move first clamp plate down, make second clamp plate and cloth contact, and then fix the cloth compaction on the workstation, and both can guarantee fixed effect through setting up first elastic component, can also avoid damaging the cloth along with the stack second clamp plate of cloth.
The driving rods 32 are symmetrically arranged at two sides of the frame, two ends of the driving rods are respectively rotatably connected with the frame, the first gear 33 is a conventional gear and is respectively fixed at two ends of the driving rods 32, the second gear 34 is a conventional gear and is rotatably connected with the frame 1, the chain 35 is a conventional metal chain and is sleeved on the first gear and the second gear, the fourth driving part is a conventional motor and is used for driving the driving rods to rotate, the cloth spreading roller 31 is a conventional round roller, two ends of the cloth spreading roller are respectively fixed on the chain 35, the driving rods can be driven to rotate by the rotation of the fourth driving part, the cloth spreading roller is driven to move above the workbench, and cloth on the cloth spreading roller is spread on the workbench, so that the cloth is spread without moving the cloth spreading roller, only the cloth spreading roller is moved, the processing cost is reduced, and wrinkles on the surface of the cloth can be smoothed by the cloth spreading roller in the cloth moving process, the cloth is smoother, and the subsequent processing is convenient.
The cutting device comprises a sliding rod 4, a sliding block 41, a cutting knife 42, a cutting groove 43, a seventh driving piece, a mounting groove 45, a fixing rod 46, a fixing block 47, a second elastic piece 48, a third gear 49, a pressure rod 491, a fourth gear 492 and an eighth driving piece 493, wherein the mounting groove 45 is symmetrically arranged on the frame 1, two ends of the fixing rod 46 are respectively fixed in the mounting groove, the fixing block 47 is sleeved on the fixing rod and can slide up and down relative to the fixing rod, two ends of the sliding rod 41 are respectively arranged on the fixing block 47, the sliding block 41 is arranged on the sliding rod in a penetrating way and can slide relative to the sliding rod, the cutting knife 42 is fixed on the sliding block 41 by using a conventional cutting blade, the cutting groove 43 is symmetrically arranged on the cloth spreading roller, the seventh driving block 44 is a rodless cylinder and can drive the cutting knife to slide in the cutting groove by moving the sliding block of, the winding is further cut on the cloth drawing roller, and the cutting groove is arranged to ensure the cutting smoothness, so that the subsequent processing is facilitated; second elastic component 48 chooses for use conventional spring, and the cover is established on the dead lever, and one end is fixed at the fixed block upper surface, and the other end is fixed on the mounting groove, conventional gear is chooseed for use to third gear 49, rotates the both ends of connecting at the slide bar, and with the chain meshing, cylinder is chooseed for use to eighth driving piece 493, depression bar 491 is fixed at the output of eighth driving piece, conventional gear is chooseed for use to fourth gear 492, rotates the both ends of connecting at depression bar 491, and with the chain meshing, when then need adjust and cut sword rigidity, only need move down the depression bar through the eighth driving piece, and then make the chain of workstation below lengthen to make the slide bar shift up, cut the sword and shift.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a granny rag machine, includes frame (1), the fixing device who is used for fixed cloth roller, is used for pulling unloader, granny rag device and the cutting device of cloth, its characterized in that: the cloth pulling device comprises a workbench (3), a cloth pulling roller (31) capable of moving left and right relative to the workbench, a fixing mechanism for fixing cloth on the workbench and a first driving mechanism for driving the cloth pulling roller to move;
the first driving mechanism comprises driving rods (32) symmetrically arranged on the rack (1), first gears (33) symmetrically arranged on the driving rods (32), second gears (34) symmetrically arranged below the first gears, chains (35) sleeved on the first gears and the second gears and a fourth driving piece for driving the driving rods to rotate, and two ends of the cloth spreading roller are respectively fixed on the chains;
the cutting device comprises sliding rods (4) symmetrically arranged on two sides of the rack, sliding blocks (41) matched with the sliding rods, cutting knives (42) arranged on the sliding blocks (41), cutting grooves (43) symmetrically arranged on the cloth roller, a seventh driving piece driving the sliding blocks to slide and an adjusting mechanism for adjusting the heights of the cutting knives, and the cutting knives can slide relative to the cutting grooves;
the adjusting mechanism comprises a mounting groove (45) symmetrically arranged on the rack, a fixing rod (46) arranged in the mounting groove, a fixing block (47) capable of sliding up and down relative to the fixing rod (46), a second elastic piece (48) sleeved on the fixing rod, third gears (49) arranged at two ends of the sliding rod, a pressing rod (491) used for pressing down the chain, fourth gears (492) arranged at two ends of the pressing rod and an eighth driving piece (493) used for driving the pressing rod to move up and down, the third gears are meshed with the chain and are rotatably connected with the fixing block, and the fourth gears are meshed with the chain.
2. A tenter as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: fixing device is including locating mount (11), symmetry directly over workstation (3) are located ejector pad (12), symmetry of mount (11) both sides are located guide roll (13) and the drive of mount (11) bottom first driving piece (14) that the ejector pad removed, the mount be equipped with cloth roller complex draw-in groove.
3. A tenter as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: unloader is including locating first splint (2) of workstation top, second splint (21) that set up with first splint (2) symmetry, evenly locate a plurality of archs (22), the drive on second splint (21) second splint and second driving piece (23) and the drive that first splint are close to first splint the second actuating mechanism that first splint and second splint removed, first splint be equipped with protruding matched with jack.
4. A spreader according to claim 3, wherein: the second driving mechanism comprises rails (24) which are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the workbench (3), rollers (25) matched with the rails and a connecting plate (27), wherein the rollers are driven by the third driving piece (26) and the connecting plate (27) in a rotating mode, one side of the connecting plate (27) is rotatably connected with the rollers, and the other end of the connecting plate is fixedly connected with the first clamping plate.
5. A tenter as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the fixing mechanism comprises first pressing plates (36) symmetrically arranged on two sides of the workbench (3), a second pressing plate (37) arranged below the first pressing plate (36), a first elastic piece (38), a fifth driving piece (39) driving the first pressing plate to move up and down and a sixth driving piece (391) driving the first pressing plate to move left and right, one end of the first elastic piece (38) is fixedly connected to the first pressing plate, and the other end of the first elastic piece is fixedly connected to the second pressing plate.
CN201910334410.2A 2019-04-24 2019-04-24 Spreading machine Active CN109941803B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910334410.2A CN109941803B (en) 2019-04-24 2019-04-24 Spreading machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910334410.2A CN109941803B (en) 2019-04-24 2019-04-24 Spreading machine

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN109941803A CN109941803A (en) 2019-06-28
CN109941803B true CN109941803B (en) 2021-04-06

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111455647A (en) * 2020-04-27 2020-07-28 杭州近界科技有限公司 Fabric cutting process for one-time production of multi-style clothes combination
CN111545414B (en) * 2020-05-26 2021-07-13 浙江海川安全防护用品有限公司 Automation production equipment of highlight reflective fabric based on guarantee personnel safety trip

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CN201459434U (en) * 2009-07-23 2010-05-12 上海和鹰机电科技有限公司 Lifting device for cloth spreading machine
CN201842970U (en) * 2010-11-05 2011-05-25 上海珂润箱包制品有限公司 Semi-automatic spreading machine
CN102730479B (en) * 2012-06-18 2015-01-28 全椒海丰印刷包装有限公司 Full-automatic cloth spreading equipment
CN203439766U (en) * 2013-09-03 2014-02-19 太原重工股份有限公司 Clamping device
CN203998360U (en) * 2014-08-08 2014-12-10 杭州爱科科技有限公司 A kind of automatic material stacking platform
CN205257618U (en) * 2015-12-18 2016-05-25 沭阳县冉诺服饰有限公司 Novel fabric cutting machine
CN105923446B (en) * 2016-06-22 2017-06-06 苏州比阳特服装设备有限公司 The cloth-pulling device of tentering machine
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