CN109881062B - High-strength, high-toughness and high-modulus extrusion casting magnesium alloy and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

High-strength, high-toughness and high-modulus extrusion casting magnesium alloy and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN109881062B
CN109881062B CN201910308378.0A CN201910308378A CN109881062B CN 109881062 B CN109881062 B CN 109881062B CN 201910308378 A CN201910308378 A CN 201910308378A CN 109881062 B CN109881062 B CN 109881062B
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magnesium
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aluminum
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CN109881062A (en
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王渠东
魏杰
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Fengyang L S Light Alloy Net Forming Co ltd
SHANGHAI LIGHT ALLOY NET FORMING NATIONAL ENGINEERING RESEARCH CENTER CO LTD
Shanghai Jiaotong University
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Fengyang L S Light Alloy Net Forming Co ltd
SHANGHAI LIGHT ALLOY NET FORMING NATIONAL ENGINEERING RESEARCH CENTER CO LTD
Shanghai Jiaotong University
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Abstract

The invention discloses a high-strength, high-toughness and high-modulus extrusion casting magnesium alloy and a preparation method thereof, wherein the high-strength, high-toughness and high-modulus extrusion casting magnesium alloy consists of the following elements in percentage by mass: the alloy comprises a% of Al, b% of one or more of La, Ce and Pr, c% of Mn, d% of one or more of RE rare earth elements Gd, Y, Sm, Nd, Er, Eu, Ho, Tm, Lu, Dy and Yb, e% of one or more of Si, Ge, Ca, Li, Sn, Zn and Sb, less than 0.2% of impurities and the balance of Mg; wherein a, b, c, d and e satisfy 3.5. ltoreq. a.ltoreq.6.5, 3.5. ltoreq. b.ltoreq.4.5, 0.01. ltoreq. c.ltoreq.1.5, 0.01. ltoreq. d.ltoreq.3.0, and 0< e.ltoreq.5.0. The magnesium alloy casting is obtained by carrying out preheating, melting or casting on the raw materials, remelting and then extrusion casting, and the method is simple, good in process stability and high in controllability.

Description

High-strength, high-toughness and high-modulus extrusion casting magnesium alloy and preparation method thereof
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of non-ferrous metal materials and processing thereof, and particularly relates to a high-strength, high-toughness and high-modulus squeeze casting magnesium alloy and a preparation method thereof.
Background
Magnesium and its alloy are the most applicable lightweight metal structural materials in the industry at present, have the advantages of small density (about 2/3 for aluminum and 1/4 for steel), high specific strength and specific stiffness, good damping property, machinability and castability, and have been widely used in the fields of automobiles, communication electronics, aerospace, military and the like. In recent years, with the rapid development of aerospace and transportation vehicles, the power required for operation is increasing, and therefore higher requirements are made on the toughness and elastic strain resistance of material members. However, the lower absolute strength, plasticity and elastic modulus of the magnesium alloy restrict the further popularization and application of the magnesium alloy in the fields, so that the demand of the high-strength, high-toughness and high-modulus magnesium alloy is higher and higher.
AE44(Mg-4Al-4RE, wt.%) magnesium alloy is one of commercial magnesium alloys so far, and has excellent room temperature mechanical properties and good high temperature creep resistance. The excellent mechanical property of the alloy is benefited by Al generated by Al element and RE element11RE3Strengthening phase, but due to most of Al11RE3The reinforcing phase is needle-shaped, which causes stress concentration at the tip of the second phase, deteriorating the material properties. In order to solve the problem, the Chinese patent CN108588524A changes the needle-shaped Al by alloying elements such as Gd, Y, Sm and the like11RE3The phase is in the shape of short rod or granule, and Al is introduced2RE strengthening phase, which obviously improves the toughness of the alloy. Aiming at improving the modulus of the magnesium alloy, the introduction of a high-modulus reinforcement can improve the modulus of a matrix according to a mixing law. Chinese patents CN105624502A and CN104087800A disclose preparation methods for obtaining high modulus mg-based composite material by adding alumina and SiC particles, respectively. However, poor matching is easy to occur at the interface of the reinforcement and the matrix through the addition of the high-modulus reinforcement, and the reinforcement is difficult to ensure to be uniformly distributed in the matrix through the conventional casting. While the problem can be solved well by adding alloy elements to generate high modulus reinforced phase in situ, Chinese patents CN104928549A and CN104928550A adopt Al formed by adding Al, Li, Si and other elements into magnesium alloy3Li、Mg2Si and other high modulus reinforcing phases to improve the modulus of the magnesium alloy.
At present, although the introduction of a high-modulus reinforcing phase can effectively improve the modulus of magnesium alloy, the high-modulus reinforcing phase such as Al is generated in situ through alloying3Li、Mg2Si、Al2Ca and the like belong to brittle phases, and are distributed in grain boundaries to become crack initiation points, so that the strength, toughness and particularly plasticity of the magnesium alloy are reduced.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a high-strength, high-toughness and high-modulus squeeze casting magnesium alloy and a preparation method thereof aiming at the defects of the prior art. By reasonably regulating the component proportion and controlling the precipitation form and proportion of the reinforcing phase, the alloy has high strength and toughness and high elastic modulus at room temperature. The alloy provided by the invention can meet the requirements of manufacturing high-strength, high-toughness and high-modulus light materials and/or parts.
The purpose of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme:
a high-strength, high-toughness and high-modulus extrusion casting magnesium alloy consists of the following elements in percentage by mass: a percent of Al, b percent of one or a plurality of La, Ce and Pr, c percent of Mn, d percent of one or a plurality of RE rare earth elements Gd, Y, Sm, Nd, Er, Eu, Ho, Tm, Lu, Dy and Yb in total, e percent of one or a plurality of elements Si, Ge, Ca, Li, Sn, Zn and Sb in total, less than 0.2 percent of impurities in total, and the balance of Mg, a, b, c, d and e satisfy the following formulas (1) to (5),
(1)3.5≤a≤6.5;
(2)3.5≤b≤4.5;
(3)0.01≤c≤1.5;
(4)0.01≤d≤3.0;
(5)0<e≤5.0。
preferably, the range of c in the formula (3) is: c is more than or equal to 0.2 and less than or equal to 1.5. The addition amount of the Mn element is more than or equal to 0.2, so that the corrosion resistance, the aging response effect, the elastic modulus and the like of the magnesium alloy can be obviously improved, but the addition amount is more than 1.5, a coarse Al-Mn-RE phase can be generated, and the material performance is deteriorated.
Preferably, the range of d in the formula (4) is: d is more than or equal to 0.1 and less than or equal to 3.0. Gd. Y, Sm, etc., and d in formula (4) is not less than 0.1 for aging strengthening and modified Al11RE3The second phase has better effect, but the addition amount is more>3.0 can cause coarsening of a second phase, and the second phase can crack a matrix in the service process and be used as a crack initiation point to seriously deteriorate the mechanical property of the material.
Preferably, the range of e in the formula (5) is: e is more than or equal to 0.2 and less than or equal to 4.0. Elements such as Si, Ge, Ca, Li, Sn and the like have low solid solubility in Mg, and form a reinforcing phase with other alloy elements to strengthen the alloy performance in the Al-containing rare earth magnesium alloy. The effect of improving the alloy modulus is more obvious when the addition amount of e in the formula (5) is more than or equal to 0.1, but the reinforcing phase with the addition amount of more than 4.0 is excessively coarsened, so that the toughness of the alloy is sharply reduced.
Independent action of alloying elements
Wherein, 1) Al is used for balancing the strength and plasticity of the alloy and improving the casting process performance, so that the invention is suitable for industrial batch production. 2) La, Ce and Pr are used for improving the mechanical property of the alloy, and the La, Ce and Pr elements and aluminum preferentially generate Al11RE3Phase, inhibiting the formation of Mg having poor thermal stability17Al12Phase, improving the room temperature and high temperature mechanical properties of the alloy; in addition, the La, Ce and Pr can remove impurities in the magnesium alloy melt during smelting, and the effects of degassing, refining and purifying the melt are achieved. 3) Mn is used for improving the corrosion resistance of the alloy, and can form a compound with iron or other heavy metal elements in the magnesium alloy, so that most of Mn can be removed as slag; mn can also promote the aging strengthening effect of the alloy to form an Al-Mn nano aging phase, and further improve the toughness and modulus of the alloy; in addition, the solid solubility of Mn in Mg is 1.1 at% at 720 ℃, and under the extrusion casting process, part of Mn elements cannot be precipitated to form a supersaturated solid solution, so that the lattice constant of a matrix is reduced, and the elastic modulus of the alloy is improved. 4) The solid solubility of rare earth elements such as Gd, Y, Sm and the like in Mg is large, and the rare earth elements mainly exist in three forms in Al-containing magnesium alloy: solid solution in the matrix; segregation is in grain boundary, phase boundary and dendrite boundary; solid-soluted in the compound or formed a compound. The addition of the rare earth elements into the alloy can play a role in solid solution strengthening and strength improvement. Further increasing the content of the rare earth can generate fine granular high melting point Al with the Al element preferentially2The RE intermetallic compound can be used as heterogeneous nucleation core refined grains and is dispersed in the matrix, so that the crack initiation position and the expansion path in the alloy fracture process are changed, and the plasticity of the alloy is further improved. In addition, the addition of rare earth elements such as Gd, Y, Sm and the like can promote the aging strengthening effect of the Al-containing magnesium alloy, and further improve the strength and the modulus of the alloy. 5) Si, Ge, Ca, Li,Sn and other elements have low solid solubility in Mg, and mainly generate a reinforcing phase with Mg or Al in the Al-containing magnesium alloy. As shown in Table 1, the elastic modulus of the reinforcing phase formed by the above elements and Mg or Al preferentially ranges from 80 GPa to 120 GPa. According to the mixing law, the higher the modulus of the reinforcing phase distributed in the alloy matrix, the larger the volume ratio, and the higher the modulus of the alloy. And the test modulus value of Mg is 39-46 GPa, so that the elastic modulus of the magnesium alloy can be effectively improved by the reinforcing phases shown in the table 1.
Table 1: modulus of elasticity of the reinforcing phase
Synergistic effect of alloying elements
The high-strength, high-toughness and high-modulus magnesium alloy can further regulate and control the types and contents of the added elements of different components, can further refine grains and modify a second phase, and improves the strength, toughness and elastic modulus of the alloy. 1) Solute distribution coefficient k of rare earth elements such as Gd, Y, Sm and the like in Mg<1, the rare earth elements have extremely strong chemical activity, can be partially aggregated and adsorbed on a growing grain interface or a dendritic crystal interface to block the growth of grains and dendritic crystals, and can obviously refine the grains and granulate Al11RE3The needle-shaped phase greatly improves the performance, especially the plasticity of the alloy. 2) Rare earth elements such as Gd, Y, Sm and the like which can deteriorate Chinese character-shaped Mg2Si and Al in a network2The Ca is granular, so that the high modulus is reduced, the splitting effect of the relative matrix is enhanced, the modulus of the alloy can be improved, and the toughness of the alloy is not reduced.
Preferably, in the magnesium alloy material, the b + d is more than or equal to 3.6 percent and less than or equal to 7.0 percent. More preferably, in the magnesium alloy material, b + d is more than or equal to 4.5% and less than or equal to 6.0%.
The preparation method of the high-strength, high-toughness and high-modulus squeeze casting magnesium alloy comprises the following steps,
s1: smelting alloy, namely preheating pure Mg, pure Al, magnesium rare earth intermediate alloy, aluminum manganese or magnesium manganese intermediate alloy and the rest of components respectively;
preferably, in the step S1, the preheating temperature is 200 to 250 ℃, and the preheating time is 2 to 6 hours. The preheating temperature and time can effectively remove the moisture of the raw materials and can avoid the problem of excessive oxidation of the surfaces of the raw materials in the preheating process.
Preferably, in step S1, the magnesium-rare earth intermediate alloy is one or a combination of several intermediate alloys selected from a magnesium-cerium-rich mischmetal intermediate alloy, a magnesium-lanthanum intermediate alloy, a magnesium-cerium intermediate alloy, a magnesium-praseodymium intermediate alloy, a magnesium-samarium intermediate alloy, a magnesium-gadolinium intermediate alloy, a magnesium-yttrium-rich mischmetal intermediate alloy, a magnesium-neodymium intermediate alloy, a magnesium-praseodymium-neodymium mixed rare earth intermediate alloy, a magnesium-erbium intermediate alloy, a magnesium-europium intermediate alloy, a magnesium-holmium intermediate alloy, a magnesium-thulium intermediate alloy, a magnesium-lutetium intermediate alloy, a magnesium-dysprosium intermediate alloy, and a magnesium-ytterbium intermediate alloy.
The cerium-rich mischmetal contains three rare earth elements of La, Ce and Pr.
Preferably, in step S1, the rest of the components are magnesium-based master alloy or aluminum-based master alloy or pure metal. The magnesium-based master alloy is one or a combination of several master alloys in magnesium-silicon master alloy, magnesium-calcium master alloy, magnesium-lithium master alloy, magnesium-zinc master alloy and magnesium-antimony master alloy; the aluminum-based intermediate alloy is one or a combination of several of aluminum-silicon intermediate alloy, aluminum-germanium intermediate alloy, aluminum-calcium intermediate alloy, aluminum-lithium intermediate alloy, aluminum-tin intermediate alloy and aluminum-antimony intermediate alloy; the pure metal is one or two of pure silicon and pure zinc.
S2: completely melting the preheated pure Mg in a protective atmosphere; adding preheated pure Al at 670-690 ℃; when the temperature rises to 720-740 ℃, adding the preheated intermediate alloy or pure metal; heating to 720-740 ℃ after the intermediate alloy or pure metal is completely melted, adding a refining agent for refining, standing at 710-730 ℃ after refining, cooling to 680-700 ℃, skimming scum to obtain a magnesium alloy melt, or pouring to obtain a magnesium alloy cast ingot;
preferably, in step S2, a refining agent is added to refine the mixture, and the mixture is allowed to stand at 720 ℃ after refining. The refining temperature is 720 ℃, the refining effect is optimal, and the gas and slag can be removed to the greatest extent and the melt can be purified.
The protective atmosphere of the step S2 is SF6And CO2The mixed gas of (1). Preferably, the SF6And CO2Is 1: 99.
the refining agent of the step S2 is a magnesium alloy refining agent containing inorganic salts, preferably, an inorganic salt magnesium alloy refining agent containing sodium salt, potassium salt, fluorine salt or hexachloroethane.
Preferably, the refining agent is added in an amount of 1-5% of the total mass of all raw materials.
S3: and remelting the magnesium alloy melt or the magnesium alloy ingot in the step S2, and then carrying out extrusion casting to obtain a magnesium alloy casting.
Preferably, in the step S3, the melt casting temperature is 680 to 700 ℃, the metal mold temperature is 220 to 300 ℃, the extrusion pressure is 50 to 120MPa, and the pressure maintaining time is 1 to 60 seconds. The melt pouring temperature and the metal mold temperature enable the melt to have good fluidity and feeding property in the extrusion casting process; the extrusion pressure and the pressure maintaining time can compact the structure in the melt solidification process, and finally, a healthy extrusion casting part with few defects is obtained.
The high-strength, high-toughness and high-modulus extrusion casting magnesium alloy produced by the method can be directly used, or the casting is subjected to solution treatment and artificial aging treatment;
preferably, the temperature of the solution treatment is 300-500 ℃, and the time of the solution treatment is 0.1-4 hours; the temperature of the artificial aging treatment is 175-225 ℃, and the time of the aging treatment is 1-32 hours. The solution treatment process can dissolve the second phase into the magnesium matrix to the maximum extent; the aging treatment process can enable the casting to obtain obvious aging strengthening effect.
Or directly carrying out artificial aging treatment on the magnesium alloy casting prepared in the step S3, wherein the temperature of the aging treatment is 175-225 ℃, and the time of the aging treatment is 1-32 hours.
Preferably, the heat treatment cooling mode is air cooling or water cooling.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. compared with the prior art, the magnesium alloy material prepared by the invention can improve the elastic modulus and ensure better obdurability. The invention utilizes an alloying method to introduce Mg in situ2Si、Al2Ca or Al3The high modulus strengthening phase such as Li obviously improves the elastic modulus of the alloy.
2. RE elements such as Gd, Y, Nd and the like can refine the matrix and modify Al11RE3Needle-like phase of Al introduced2RE strengthening phase to raise the toughness of the alloy and modify Chinese character shaped Mg2Si, net-like Al2The Ca reinforcing phase can improve the elastic modulus of the alloy and simultaneously has better obdurability.
3. The preparation method is simple, the process stability is good, and the process controllability is high.
Detailed Description
The invention will now be further illustrated by reference to the following examples:
the various intermediate alloys used in the invention are all commercial products, and the magnesium rare earth intermediate alloy is purchased from Ganzhou Feiteng light alloy Co., Ltd.
Example 1:
the alloy components (mass percent) of the extrusion casting magnesium alloy are as follows: 3.50% of Al, 1.72% of Ce, 0.87% of La, 0.91% of Pr, 1.19% of Sm, 1.76% of Gd, 0.01% of Dy, 0.04% of Er, 0.01% of Lu, 0.5% of Si, 0.01% of Mn, less than 0.2% of other inevitable impurities and the balance of Mg.
The embodiment relates to a smelting method of a conventional rare earth magnesium alloy and an alloy extrusion casting method in the invention:
wherein the smelting process is carried out in SF6And CO2The method is carried out under the protection of mixed gas and comprises the following steps:
(1) drying materials: preheating smelting raw materials for 3 hours at 200 ℃;
(2) melting magnesium: putting the dried pure magnesium into SF6/CO2Melting in a crucible resistance furnace under the protection of gas;
(3) adding pure aluminum and magnesium-manganese intermediate alloy: when the pure magnesium is completely melted and the temperature reaches 670 ℃, adding preheated pure aluminum, magnesium and manganese intermediate alloy;
(4) adding an intermediate alloy: when the temperature rises to 720 ℃, adding the preheated magnesium-cerium-rich mischmetal intermediate alloy, magnesium-samarium intermediate alloy, magnesium-gadolinium intermediate alloy, magnesium-dysprosium intermediate alloy, magnesium-erbium intermediate alloy, magnesium-lutetium intermediate alloy and magnesium-silicon intermediate alloy.
(5) After the intermediate alloy is completely melted, adding a refining agent for refining when the temperature of the melt rises to 720 ℃, standing at 720 ℃ after refining, cooling to 680 ℃, and skimming scum to obtain a magnesium alloy melt;
the extrusion casting process comprises the following steps:
and carrying out extrusion casting on the magnesium alloy melt at 680 ℃ to obtain a magnesium alloy casting, wherein the temperature of a metal die is 300 ℃, the extrusion pressure is 60MPa, and the pressure maintaining time is 55 seconds.
The room temperature mechanical property test results of example 1 of the present invention are shown in table 2.
Example 2:
the high-strength high-modulus extrusion casting magnesium alloy comprises the following alloy components in percentage by mass: 5.67% of Al, 2.20% of Ce, 1.13% of La, 1.17% of Pr, 0.01% of Sm, 5.00% of Si, 0.41% of Mn, less than 0.2% of other inevitable impurities and the balance of Mg.
The embodiment relates to a smelting method of a conventional rare earth magnesium alloy and an alloy extrusion casting method in the invention:
wherein the smelting process is carried out in SF6And CO2The method is carried out under the protection of mixed gas and comprises the following steps:
(1) drying materials: preheating smelting raw materials for 2 hours at 250 ℃;
(2) melting magnesium: putting the dried pure magnesium into SF6/CO2Melting in a crucible resistance furnace under the protection of gas;
(3) adding pure aluminum and magnesium-manganese intermediate alloy: when the pure magnesium is completely melted and the temperature reaches 680 ℃, adding preheated pure aluminum, magnesium and manganese intermediate alloy;
(4) adding an intermediate alloy: when the temperature is raised to 730 ℃, adding the preheated magnesium-cerium-rich mischmetal intermediate alloy, the magnesium-samarium intermediate alloy and the aluminum-silicon intermediate alloy;
(5) after the intermediate alloy is completely melted, adding a refining agent for refining when the temperature of the melt is raised to 730 ℃, standing at 720 ℃ after refining, cooling to 690 ℃, and skimming scum to obtain a magnesium alloy melt;
the extrusion casting process comprises the following steps:
and carrying out extrusion casting on the magnesium alloy melt at 690 ℃ to obtain a magnesium alloy casting, wherein the temperature of a metal die is 250 ℃, the extrusion pressure is 50MPa, and the pressure maintaining time is 60 seconds.
The room temperature mechanical property test results of example 2 of the present invention are shown in table 2.
Example 3:
the high-strength high-modulus extrusion casting magnesium alloy comprises the following alloy components in percentage by mass: 4.69% of Al, 1.92% of Ce, 2.07% of La, 0.16% of Sm, 0.11% of Nd, 0.40% of Gd, 0.31% of Y, 1.00% of Si, 0.34% of Mn, less than 0.2% of other inevitable impurities and the balance of Mg.
The embodiment relates to a smelting method of a conventional rare earth magnesium alloy and an alloy extrusion casting method in the invention:
wherein the smelting process is carried out in SF6And CO2The method is carried out under the protection of mixed gas and comprises the following steps:
(1) drying materials: preheating smelting raw materials for 6 hours at 200 ℃;
(2) melting magnesium: putting the dried pure magnesium into SF6/CO2Melting in a crucible resistance furnace under the protection of gas;
(3) adding pure aluminum and magnesium-manganese intermediate alloy: when the pure magnesium is completely melted and the temperature reaches 690 ℃, adding the preheated pure aluminum, magnesium and manganese intermediate alloy;
(4) adding an intermediate alloy: when the temperature rises to 740 ℃, adding the preheated magnesium-lanthanum-cerium mixed rare earth intermediate alloy, magnesium-samarium intermediate alloy, magnesium-neodymium intermediate alloy, magnesium-gadolinium intermediate alloy, magnesium-yttrium intermediate alloy and magnesium-silicon intermediate alloy;
(5) after the intermediate alloy is melted, adding a refining agent for refining when the temperature of the melt is raised to 740 ℃, standing at 720 ℃ after refining, cooling to 700 ℃, and skimming scum to obtain a magnesium alloy melt;
the extrusion casting process comprises the following steps:
and carrying out extrusion casting on the magnesium alloy melt at 700 ℃ to obtain a magnesium alloy casting, wherein the temperature of a metal die is 220 ℃, the extrusion pressure is 120MPa, and the pressure maintaining time is 1 second.
The room temperature mechanical property test results of example 3 of the present invention are shown in table 2.
Example 4:
the high-strength high-modulus extrusion casting magnesium alloy comprises the following alloy components in percentage by mass: 5.11% of Al, 1.92% of Ce, 2.07% of La, 0.16% of Sm, 0.11% of Nd, 0.40% of Gd, 0.31% of Y, 0.03% of Eu, 1.00% of Si, 1.00% of Zn, 0.34% of Mn, less than 0.2% of other inevitable impurities and the balance of Mg.
The embodiment relates to a smelting method of a conventional rare earth magnesium alloy and an alloy extrusion casting method in the invention:
wherein the smelting process is carried out in SF6And CO2The method is carried out under the protection of mixed gas and comprises the following steps:
(1) drying materials: preheating smelting raw materials for 3 hours at 200 ℃;
(2) melting magnesium: putting the dried pure magnesium into SF6/CO2Melting in a crucible resistance furnace under the protection of gas;
(3) adding pure aluminum, pure zinc and aluminum-manganese intermediate alloy: when the pure magnesium is completely melted and the temperature reaches 670 ℃, adding preheated pure aluminum, pure zinc and aluminum-manganese intermediate alloy;
(4) adding an intermediate alloy: when the temperature rises to 720 ℃, adding the preheated magnesium lanthanum intermediate alloy, magnesium cerium intermediate alloy, magnesium samarium intermediate alloy, magnesium neodymium intermediate alloy, magnesium gadolinium intermediate alloy, magnesium yttrium intermediate alloy, magnesium europium intermediate alloy and magnesium silicon intermediate alloy;
(5) after the intermediate alloy is melted, adding a refining agent for refining when the temperature of the melt is raised back to 720 ℃, standing at 720 ℃ after refining, cooling to 680 ℃, and skimming scum to obtain a magnesium alloy melt;
the extrusion casting process comprises the following steps:
and carrying out extrusion casting on the magnesium alloy melt at 680 ℃ to obtain a magnesium alloy casting, wherein the temperature of a metal die is 300 ℃, the extrusion pressure is 70MPa, and the pressure maintaining time is 30 seconds.
The room temperature mechanical property test results of example 4 of the present invention are shown in table 2.
Example 5:
the high-strength high-modulus extrusion casting magnesium alloy comprises the following alloy components in percentage by mass: 5.50% of Al, 1.92% of Ce, 2.07% of La, 0.16% of Sm, 0.11% of Nd, 0.40% of Gd, 0.31% of Y, 2.00% of Si, 1.00% of Zn, 0.34% of Mn, less than 0.2% of other inevitable impurities and the balance of Mg.
The embodiment relates to a smelting method of a conventional rare earth magnesium alloy and an alloy extrusion casting method in the invention:
wherein the smelting process is carried out in SF6And CO2The method is carried out under the protection of mixed gas and comprises the following steps:
(1) drying materials: preheating smelting raw materials for 3 hours at 200 ℃;
(2) melting magnesium: putting the dried pure magnesium into SF6/CO2Melting in a crucible resistance furnace under the protection of gas;
(3) adding pure aluminum, pure zinc and magnesium-manganese intermediate alloy: when the pure magnesium is completely melted and the temperature reaches 690 ℃, adding preheated pure aluminum, pure zinc and magnesium-manganese intermediate alloy;
(4) adding an intermediate alloy: when the temperature rises to 740 ℃, adding the preheated magnesium lanthanum intermediate alloy, magnesium cerium intermediate alloy, magnesium samarium intermediate alloy, magnesium neodymium intermediate alloy, magnesium gadolinium intermediate alloy, magnesium yttrium intermediate alloy and magnesium silicon intermediate alloy;
(5) after the intermediate alloy is melted, adding a refining agent for refining when the temperature of the melt is raised to 740 ℃, standing at 720 ℃ after refining, cooling to 700 ℃, and skimming scum to obtain a magnesium alloy melt;
the extrusion casting process comprises the following steps:
and carrying out extrusion casting on the magnesium alloy melt at 700 ℃ to obtain a magnesium alloy casting, wherein the temperature of a metal die is 220 ℃, the extrusion pressure is 120MPa, and the pressure maintaining time is 1 second.
The room temperature mechanical property test results of example 5 of the present invention are shown in table 2.
Example 6:
the high-strength high-modulus extrusion casting magnesium alloy comprises the following alloy components in percentage by mass: 6.50% of Al, 1.92% of Ce, 2.07% of La, 0.16% of Sm, 0.11% of Nd, 0.40% of Gd, 0.31% of Y, 2.00% of Si, 2.00% of Zn, 0.34% of Mn, less than 0.2% of other inevitable impurities and the balance of Mg.
The embodiment relates to a smelting method of a conventional rare earth magnesium alloy and an alloy extrusion casting method in the invention:
wherein the smelting process is carried out in SF6And CO2The method is carried out under the protection of mixed gas and comprises the following steps:
(1) drying materials: preheating smelting raw materials for 3 hours at 200 ℃;
(2) melting magnesium: putting the dried pure magnesium into SF6/CO2Melting in a crucible resistance furnace under the protection of gas;
(3) adding pure aluminum, pure zinc and aluminum-manganese intermediate alloy: when the pure magnesium is completely melted and the temperature reaches 680 ℃, adding preheated pure aluminum, pure zinc and aluminum-manganese intermediate alloy;
(4) adding an intermediate alloy: when the temperature rises to 730 ℃, adding the preheated magnesium lanthanum intermediate alloy, magnesium cerium intermediate alloy, magnesium samarium intermediate alloy, magnesium neodymium intermediate alloy, magnesium gadolinium intermediate alloy, magnesium yttrium intermediate alloy and magnesium silicon intermediate alloy;
(5) after the intermediate alloy is completely melted, adding a refining agent for refining when the temperature of the melt is raised to 730 ℃, standing at 720 ℃ after refining, cooling to 690 ℃, and skimming scum to obtain a magnesium alloy melt;
the extrusion casting process comprises the following steps:
and extruding and casting the magnesium alloy melt at 690 ℃ to obtain a magnesium alloy casting, wherein the temperature of a metal die is 250 ℃, the extrusion pressure is 120MPa, and the pressure maintaining time is 1 second.
The room temperature mechanical property test results of example 6 of the present invention are shown in table 2.
Example 7:
the high-strength high-modulus extrusion casting magnesium alloy comprises the following alloy components in percentage by mass: 5.30% of Al, 1.92% of Ce, 2.07% of La, 0.16% of Sm, 0.11% of Nd, 0.40% of Gd, 0.31% of Y, 0.03% of Tb, 1.00% of Ge, 1.00% of Zn, 1.50% of Mn, less than 0.2% of other inevitable impurities and the balance of Mg.
The embodiment relates to a smelting method of a conventional rare earth magnesium alloy and an alloy extrusion casting method in the invention:
wherein the smelting process is carried out in SF6And CO2The method is carried out under the protection of mixed gas and comprises the following steps:
(1) drying materials: preheating smelting raw materials for 3 hours at 200 ℃;
(2) melting magnesium: putting the dried pure magnesium into SF6/CO2Melting in a crucible resistance furnace under the protection of gas;
(3) adding pure aluminum, pure zinc and aluminum-manganese intermediate alloy: when the pure magnesium is completely melted and the temperature reaches 670 ℃, adding preheated pure aluminum, pure zinc and aluminum-manganese intermediate alloy;
(4) adding an intermediate alloy: when the temperature rises to 720 ℃, adding the preheated magnesium lanthanum intermediate alloy, magnesium cerium intermediate alloy, magnesium samarium intermediate alloy, magnesium neodymium intermediate alloy, magnesium gadolinium intermediate alloy, magnesium yttrium intermediate alloy, magnesium terbium intermediate alloy and magnesium germanium intermediate alloy;
(5) after the intermediate alloy is melted, adding a refining agent for refining when the temperature of the melt is raised back to 720 ℃, standing at 720 ℃ after refining, cooling to 680 ℃, and skimming scum to obtain a magnesium alloy melt;
the extrusion casting process comprises the following steps:
and carrying out extrusion casting on the magnesium alloy melt at 680 ℃ to obtain a magnesium alloy casting, wherein the temperature of a metal die is 300 ℃, the extrusion pressure is 100MPa, and the pressure maintaining time is 20 seconds.
The room temperature mechanical property test results of inventive example 7 are shown in table 2.
Example 8:
the high-strength high-modulus extrusion casting magnesium alloy comprises the following alloy components in percentage by mass: 6.00% of Al, 1.92% of Ce, 2.07% of La, 0.16% of Sm, 0.11% of Nd, 0.40% of Gd, 0.31% of Y, 0.02% of Ho, 0.70% of Li, 0.34% of Mn, less than 0.2% of other inevitable impurities and the balance of Mg.
The embodiment relates to a smelting method of a conventional rare earth magnesium alloy and an alloy extrusion casting method in the invention:
wherein the smelting process is carried out in SF6And CO2The method is carried out under the protection of mixed gas and comprises the following steps:
(1) drying materials: preheating smelting raw materials for 3 hours at 200 ℃;
(2) melting magnesium: putting the dried pure magnesium into SF6/CO2Melting in a crucible resistance furnace under the protection of gas;
(3) adding pure aluminum and aluminum-manganese intermediate alloy: when the pure magnesium is completely melted and the temperature reaches 690 ℃, adding preheated pure aluminum and aluminum-manganese intermediate alloy;
(4) adding an intermediate alloy: when the temperature rises to 740 ℃, adding the preheated magnesium-lanthanum intermediate alloy, magnesium-cerium intermediate alloy, magnesium-samarium intermediate alloy, magnesium-neodymium intermediate alloy, magnesium-gadolinium intermediate alloy, magnesium-yttrium intermediate alloy, magnesium-holmium intermediate alloy and magnesium-lithium intermediate alloy;
(5) after the magnesium rare earth intermediate alloy is melted, adding a refining agent for refining when the temperature of the melt is raised to 740 ℃, standing at 720 ℃ after refining, cooling to 700 ℃, and skimming scum to obtain a magnesium alloy melt;
the extrusion casting process comprises the following steps:
and carrying out extrusion casting on the magnesium alloy melt at 700 ℃ to obtain a magnesium alloy casting, wherein the temperature of a metal die is 220 ℃, the extrusion pressure is 110MPa, and the pressure maintaining time is 10 seconds.
The room temperature mechanical property test results of example 8 of the present invention are shown in table 2.
Example 9:
the high-strength high-modulus extrusion casting magnesium alloy comprises the following alloy components in percentage by mass: 6.00% of Al, 1.92% of Ce, 2.07% of La, 0.16% of Sm, 0.11% of Nd, 0.40% of Gd, 0.31% of Y, 0.70% of Li, 0.50% of Si, 0.50% of Zn, 0.34% of Mn, less than 0.2% of other inevitable impurities and the balance of Mg.
The embodiment relates to a smelting method of a conventional rare earth magnesium alloy and an alloy extrusion casting method in the invention:
wherein the smelting process is carried out in SF6And CO2Mixed gas shieldingThe method is carried out under the following conditions:
(1) drying materials: preheating smelting raw materials for 3 hours at 200 ℃;
(2) melting magnesium: putting the dried pure magnesium into SF6/CO2Melting in a crucible resistance furnace under the protection of gas;
(3) adding pure aluminum, pure zinc and aluminum-manganese intermediate alloy: when the pure magnesium is completely melted and the temperature reaches 680 ℃, adding preheated pure aluminum, pure zinc and aluminum-manganese intermediate alloy;
(4) adding an intermediate alloy: when the temperature rises to 730 ℃, adding the preheated magnesium-lanthanum intermediate alloy, magnesium-cerium intermediate alloy, magnesium-samarium intermediate alloy, magnesium-neodymium intermediate alloy, magnesium-gadolinium intermediate alloy, magnesium-yttrium intermediate alloy, magnesium-lithium intermediate alloy and aluminum-silicon intermediate alloy;
(5) after the intermediate alloy is melted, adding a refining agent for refining when the temperature of the melt is raised back to 730 ℃, standing at 720 ℃ after refining, cooling to 690 ℃, skimming scum to obtain a magnesium alloy melt, and casting to obtain a magnesium alloy ingot;
the extrusion casting process comprises the following steps:
and remelting the magnesium alloy ingot, and performing extrusion casting at 700 ℃ to obtain a magnesium alloy casting, wherein the temperature of a metal die is 250 ℃, the extrusion pressure is 90MPa, and the pressure maintaining time is 30 seconds.
The room temperature mechanical property test results of example 9 of the present invention are shown in table 2.
Example 10:
the alloy components (mass percent) of the extrusion casting magnesium alloy are as follows: 5.00% of Al, 1.92% of Ce, 2.07% of La, 0.16% of Sm, 0.11% of Nd, 0.40% of Gd, 0.31% of Y, 0.20% of Ca, 0.34% of Mn, less than 0.2% of other inevitable impurities and the balance of Mg.
The embodiment relates to a smelting method of a conventional rare earth magnesium alloy and an alloy extrusion casting method in the invention:
wherein the smelting process is carried out in SF6And CO2The method is carried out under the protection of mixed gas and comprises the following steps:
(1) drying materials: preheating smelting raw materials for 3 hours at 200 ℃;
(2) fusion furnaceMagnesium: putting the dried pure magnesium into SF6/CO2Melting in a crucible resistance furnace under the protection of gas;
(3) adding pure aluminum and magnesium-manganese intermediate alloy: when the pure magnesium is completely melted and the temperature reaches 690 ℃, adding the preheated pure aluminum, magnesium and manganese intermediate alloy;
(4) adding an intermediate alloy: when the temperature rises to 740 ℃, adding the preheated magnesium-lanthanum intermediate alloy, magnesium-cerium intermediate alloy, magnesium-samarium intermediate alloy, magnesium-neodymium intermediate alloy, magnesium-gadolinium intermediate alloy, magnesium-yttrium intermediate alloy and magnesium-calcium intermediate alloy;
(5) after the intermediate alloy is melted, adding a refining agent for refining when the temperature of the melt is raised to 740 ℃, standing at 720 ℃ after refining, cooling to 700 ℃, and skimming scum to obtain a magnesium alloy melt;
the extrusion casting process comprises the following steps:
and carrying out extrusion casting on the magnesium alloy melt at 700 ℃ to obtain a magnesium alloy casting, wherein the temperature of a metal die is 220 ℃, the extrusion pressure is 120MPa, and the pressure maintaining time is 1 second.
The room temperature mechanical property test results of inventive example 10 are shown in table 2.
Example 11:
the high-strength high-modulus extrusion casting magnesium alloy comprises the following alloy components in percentage by mass: 5.00% of Al, 1.92% of Ce, 2.07% of La, 0.16% of Sm, 0.11% of Nd, 0.40% of Gd, 0.31% of Y, 0.01% of Tm, 0.50% of Ca, 0.34% of Mn, less than 0.2% of other inevitable impurities and the balance of Mg.
The embodiment relates to a smelting method of a conventional rare earth magnesium alloy and an alloy extrusion casting method in the invention:
wherein the smelting process is carried out in SF6And CO2The method is carried out under the protection of mixed gas and comprises the following steps:
(1) drying materials: preheating smelting raw materials for 3 hours at 200 ℃;
(2) melting magnesium: putting the dried pure magnesium into SF6/CO2Melting in a crucible resistance furnace under the protection of gas;
(3) adding pure aluminum and aluminum-manganese intermediate alloy: when the pure magnesium is completely melted and the temperature reaches 680 ℃, adding preheated pure aluminum and aluminum-manganese intermediate alloy;
(4) adding an intermediate alloy: when the temperature rises to 730 ℃, adding the preheated magnesium lanthanum intermediate alloy, magnesium cerium intermediate alloy, magnesium samarium intermediate alloy, magnesium neodymium intermediate alloy, magnesium gadolinium intermediate alloy, magnesium yttrium intermediate alloy, magnesium thulium intermediate alloy and magnesium calcium intermediate alloy;
(5) after the intermediate alloy is melted, adding a refining agent for refining when the temperature of the melt is raised back to 730 ℃, standing at 720 ℃ after refining, cooling to 690 ℃, skimming scum to obtain a magnesium alloy melt, and casting to obtain a magnesium alloy ingot;
the extrusion casting process comprises the following steps:
and remelting the magnesium alloy ingot, and then performing extrusion casting at 680 ℃ to obtain a magnesium alloy casting, wherein the temperature of a metal die is 250 ℃, the extrusion pressure is 115MPa, and the pressure maintaining time is 10 seconds.
The room temperature mechanical property test results of inventive example 11 are shown in table 2.
Example 12:
the high-strength high-modulus extrusion casting magnesium alloy comprises the following alloy components in percentage by mass: 5.00% of Al, 1.92% of Ce, 2.07% of La, 0.16% of Sm, 0.11% of Nd, 0.40% of Gd, 0.31% of Y, 0.50% of Ca, 0.20% of Sb, 0.34% of Mn, less than 0.2% of other inevitable impurities and the balance of Mg.
The embodiment relates to a smelting method of a conventional rare earth magnesium alloy and an alloy extrusion casting method in the invention:
wherein the smelting process is carried out in SF6And CO2The method is carried out under the protection of mixed gas and comprises the following steps:
(1) drying materials: preheating smelting raw materials for 3 hours at 200 ℃;
(2) melting magnesium: putting the dried pure magnesium into SF6/CO2Melting in a crucible resistance furnace under the protection of gas;
(3) adding pure aluminum and aluminum-manganese intermediate alloy: when the pure magnesium is completely melted and the temperature reaches 670 ℃, adding preheated pure aluminum and aluminum-manganese intermediate alloy;
(4) adding an intermediate alloy: when the temperature rises to 720 ℃, adding the preheated magnesium-lanthanum intermediate alloy, magnesium-cerium intermediate alloy, magnesium-samarium intermediate alloy, magnesium-neodymium intermediate alloy, magnesium-gadolinium intermediate alloy, magnesium-yttrium intermediate alloy, aluminum-calcium intermediate alloy and aluminum-antimony intermediate alloy;
(5) after the magnesium rare earth intermediate alloy is melted, adding a refining agent for refining when the temperature of the melt is raised back to 720 ℃, standing at 720 ℃ after refining, cooling to 680 ℃, and skimming scum to obtain a magnesium alloy melt;
the extrusion casting process comprises the following steps:
and carrying out extrusion casting on the magnesium alloy melt at 680 ℃ to obtain a magnesium alloy casting, wherein the temperature of a metal die is 200 ℃, the extrusion pressure is 120MPa, and the pressure maintaining time is 1 second.
The room temperature mechanical property test results of inventive example 12 are shown in table 2.
Example 13:
the high-strength high-modulus extrusion casting magnesium alloy comprises the following alloy components in percentage by mass: 4.50% of Al, 1.92% of Ce, 2.07% of La, 0.16% of Sm, 0.11% of Nd, 0.40% of Gd, 0.31% of Y, 1.00% of Sn, 0.73% of Mn, less than 0.2% of other inevitable impurities and the balance of Mg.
The embodiment relates to a smelting method of a conventional rare earth magnesium alloy and an alloy extrusion casting method in the invention:
wherein the smelting process is carried out in SF6And CO2The method is carried out under the protection of mixed gas and comprises the following steps:
(1) drying materials: preheating smelting raw materials for 3 hours at 200 ℃;
(2) melting magnesium: putting the dried pure magnesium into SF6/CO2Melting in a crucible resistance furnace under the protection of gas;
(3) adding pure aluminum and aluminum-manganese intermediate alloy: when the pure magnesium is completely melted and the temperature reaches 670 ℃, adding preheated pure aluminum and aluminum-manganese intermediate alloy;
(4) adding an intermediate alloy: when the temperature rises to 720 ℃, adding the preheated magnesium lanthanum intermediate alloy, magnesium cerium intermediate alloy, magnesium samarium intermediate alloy, magnesium neodymium intermediate alloy, magnesium gadolinium intermediate alloy, magnesium yttrium intermediate alloy and aluminum tin intermediate alloy;
(5) after the intermediate alloy is melted, adding a refining agent for refining when the temperature of the melt is raised back to 720 ℃, standing at 720 ℃ after refining, cooling to 680 ℃, and skimming scum to obtain a magnesium alloy melt;
the extrusion casting process comprises the following steps:
and carrying out extrusion casting on the magnesium alloy melt at 680 ℃ to obtain a magnesium alloy casting, wherein the temperature of a metal die is 300 ℃, the extrusion pressure is 100MPa, and the pressure maintaining time is 10 seconds.
The room temperature mechanical property test results of example 13 of the present invention are shown in table 2.
Example 14:
the high-strength high-modulus extrusion casting magnesium alloy comprises the following alloy components in percentage by mass: 4.50% of Al, 1.92% of Ce, 2.07% of La, 0.16% of Sm, 0.11% of Nd, 0.40% of Gd, 0.31% of Y, 2.00% of Sn, 1.20% of Mn, less than 0.2% of other inevitable impurities and the balance of Mg.
The embodiment relates to a smelting method of a conventional rare earth magnesium alloy and an alloy extrusion casting method in the invention:
wherein the smelting process is carried out in SF6And CO2The method is carried out under the protection of mixed gas and comprises the following steps:
(1) drying materials: preheating smelting raw materials for 3 hours at 200 ℃;
(2) melting magnesium: putting the dried pure magnesium into SF6/CO2Melting in a crucible resistance furnace under the protection of gas;
(3) adding pure aluminum and aluminum-manganese intermediate alloy: when the pure magnesium is completely melted and the temperature reaches 670 ℃, adding preheated pure aluminum and aluminum-manganese intermediate alloy;
(4) adding an intermediate alloy: when the temperature rises to 720 ℃, adding the preheated magnesium lanthanum intermediate alloy, magnesium cerium intermediate alloy, magnesium samarium intermediate alloy, magnesium neodymium intermediate alloy, magnesium gadolinium intermediate alloy, magnesium yttrium intermediate alloy and aluminum tin intermediate alloy;
(5) after the intermediate alloy is melted, adding a refining agent for refining when the temperature of the melt is raised back to 720 ℃, standing at 720 ℃ after refining, cooling to 680 ℃, and skimming scum to obtain a magnesium alloy melt;
the extrusion casting process comprises the following steps:
and carrying out extrusion casting on the magnesium alloy melt at 680 ℃ to obtain a magnesium alloy casting, wherein the temperature of a metal die is 300 ℃, the extrusion pressure is 75MPa, and the pressure maintaining time is 40 seconds.
The room temperature mechanical property test results of inventive example 14 are shown in table 2.
Comparative example 1
Comparative example 1 alloy composition (mass percentage) of squeeze cast magnesium alloy: 6.00% of Al, 1.92% of Ce, 2.07% of La, 0.16% of Sm, 0.11% of Nd, 0.40% of Gd, 0.31% of Y, 0.34% of Mn, less than 0.2% of other inevitable impurities and the balance of Mg.
The embodiment relates to a smelting method of a conventional rare earth magnesium alloy and an alloy extrusion casting method in the invention:
wherein the smelting process is carried out in SF6And CO2The method is carried out under the protection of mixed gas and comprises the following steps:
(1) drying materials: preheating smelting raw materials for 3 hours at 200 ℃;
(2) melting magnesium: putting the dried pure magnesium into SF6/CO2Melting in a crucible resistance furnace under the protection of gas;
(3) adding pure aluminum and aluminum-manganese intermediate alloy: when the pure magnesium is completely melted and the temperature reaches 680 ℃, adding preheated pure aluminum and aluminum-manganese intermediate alloy;
(4) adding an intermediate alloy: when the temperature rises to 730 ℃, adding the preheated magnesium-lanthanum intermediate alloy, magnesium-cerium intermediate alloy, magnesium-samarium intermediate alloy, magnesium-neodymium intermediate alloy, magnesium-gadolinium intermediate alloy and magnesium-yttrium intermediate alloy;
(5) after the intermediate alloy is melted, adding a refining agent for refining when the temperature of the melt is raised to 730 ℃, standing at 720 ℃ after refining, cooling to 690 ℃, and skimming scum to obtain a magnesium alloy melt;
the extrusion casting process comprises the following steps:
and carrying out extrusion casting on the magnesium alloy melt at 690 ℃ to obtain a magnesium alloy casting, wherein the temperature of a metal die is 200 ℃, the extrusion pressure is 120MPa, and the pressure maintaining time is 1 second.
The results of the room temperature mechanical property test of comparative example 1 of the present invention are shown in Table 2.
Table 2 shows the room temperature mechanical property test results of the high strength, toughness and modulus squeeze casting magnesium alloy obtained in examples 1-14 and comparative example 1 of the invention.
TABLE 2
As can be seen from Table 2, the high-strength, high-toughness and high-modulus squeeze casting magnesium alloy obtained in the embodiment of the invention has excellent room-temperature mechanical properties, and the elasticity modulus of the magnesium alloy is remarkably improved while the toughness is ensured.
Example 15
The high-strength, high-toughness and high-modulus squeeze casting magnesium alloy obtained in the embodiment 12 of the invention is subjected to aging treatment for 32 hours at 175 ℃, and the cooling mode of the aging treatment is air cooling.
The room temperature mechanical property test results of inventive example 15 are shown in table 3.
Example 16
The high-strength, high-toughness and high-modulus squeeze casting magnesium alloy obtained in the embodiment 12 of the invention is subjected to aging treatment for 16 hours at 200 ℃, and the cooling mode of the aging treatment is water cooling.
The room temperature mechanical property test results of inventive example 16 are shown in table 3.
Example 17
The high-strength, high-toughness and high-modulus squeeze casting magnesium alloy obtained in the embodiment 12 of the invention is subjected to aging treatment at 225 ℃ for 1 hour, and the cooling mode of the aging treatment is water cooling.
The room temperature mechanical property test results of inventive example 17 are shown in table 3.
Example 18
The high-strength, high-modulus extrusion casting magnesium alloy obtained in the embodiment 12 of the invention is subjected to solution treatment for 4 hours at 300 ℃ and aging treatment for 32 hours at 175 ℃, and the cooling mode of the solution treatment and the aging treatment is water cooling.
The room temperature mechanical property test results of inventive example 18 are shown in table 3.
Example 19
The high-strength, high-toughness and high-modulus extrusion casting magnesium alloy obtained in the embodiment 12 of the invention is subjected to solution treatment for 2 hours at 400 ℃ and aging treatment for 16 hours at 200 ℃, and the cooling mode of the aging treatment is water cooling.
The room temperature mechanical property test results of inventive example 19 are shown in table 3.
Example 20
The high-strength, high-toughness and high-modulus extrusion casting magnesium alloy obtained in the embodiment 12 of the invention is subjected to solution treatment for 0.1 hour at 500 ℃ and aging treatment for 1 hour at 225 ℃, and the cooling mode of the solution treatment and the aging treatment is water cooling.
The room temperature mechanical property test results of inventive example 20 are shown in table 3.
Table 3 shows the room temperature mechanical property test results of the high strength, toughness and modulus squeeze casting magnesium alloys obtained in examples 15 to 20.
TABLE 3
Tensile strength/MPa Elongation/percent modulus/GPa
Example 15 302 11.4 62.2
Example 16 312 10.8 62.8
Example 17 308 12.6 61.1
Example 18 319 11.5 64.3
Example 19 329 12.1 66.4
Example 20 318 12.3 61.9
As can be seen from Table 3, the heat treatment process provided by the present invention can further improve the toughness and the elastic modulus of the magnesium alloy. The heat treatment process provided in example 19 improves the toughness and elastic modulus of the alloy most remarkably.

Claims (1)

1. The high-strength, high-toughness and high-modulus extrusion casting magnesium alloy is characterized by comprising the following elements in percentage by mass: 6.00% of Al, 1.92% of Ce, 2.07% of La, 0.16% of Sm, 0.11% of Nd, 0.40% of Gd, 0.31% of Y, 0.70% of Li, 0.50% of Si, 0.50% of Zn, 0.34% of Mn, less than 0.2% of unavoidable impurities and the balance of Mg;
the high-strength, high-toughness and high-modulus squeeze casting magnesium alloy is prepared by a squeeze casting method, and the raw material smelting process is carried out in SF6And CO2The method is carried out under the protection of mixed gas and comprises the following steps:
(1) drying materials: preheating smelting raw materials for 3 hours at 200 ℃;
(2) melting magnesium: putting the dried pure magnesium into SF6/CO2Melting in a crucible resistance furnace under the protection of gas;
(3) adding pure aluminum, pure zinc and aluminum-manganese intermediate alloy: when the pure magnesium is completely melted and the temperature reaches 680 ℃, adding preheated pure aluminum, pure zinc and aluminum-manganese intermediate alloy;
(4) adding an intermediate alloy: when the temperature rises to 730 ℃, adding the preheated magnesium-lanthanum intermediate alloy, magnesium-cerium intermediate alloy, magnesium-samarium intermediate alloy, magnesium-neodymium intermediate alloy, magnesium-gadolinium intermediate alloy, magnesium-yttrium intermediate alloy, magnesium-lithium intermediate alloy and aluminum-silicon intermediate alloy;
(5) after the intermediate alloy is melted, adding a refining agent for refining when the temperature of the melt is raised back to 730 ℃, standing at 720 ℃ after refining, cooling to 690 ℃, skimming scum to obtain a magnesium alloy melt, and casting to obtain a magnesium alloy ingot;
the extrusion casting process comprises the following steps: and remelting the magnesium alloy ingot, and performing extrusion casting at 700 ℃ to obtain a magnesium alloy casting, wherein the temperature of a metal die is 250 ℃, the extrusion pressure is 90MPa, and the pressure maintaining time is 30 seconds.
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