CN109808394A - A kind of production technology of high/low temperature enamel metal decoration - Google Patents

A kind of production technology of high/low temperature enamel metal decoration Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109808394A
CN109808394A CN201910038798.1A CN201910038798A CN109808394A CN 109808394 A CN109808394 A CN 109808394A CN 201910038798 A CN201910038798 A CN 201910038798A CN 109808394 A CN109808394 A CN 109808394A
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low temperature
enamel
temperature
production technology
metal
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CN201910038798.1A
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CN109808394B (en
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李然伊
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Shenzhen Qiaolan Jewelry Co Ltd
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Shenzhen Qiaolan Jewelry Co Ltd
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Abstract

The present invention relates to handicraft technical field, in particular to a kind of production technology of high/low temperature enamel metal decoration, comprising steps of S1: metal embryo holds mould;S2: high temperature enamel is fired;Firing temperature is 800 DEG C;S3: polishing;S4: it inlays;S5: baking low temperature enamel;Being baked temperature is 100 DEG C;S6: secondary polishing;S7: polishing.The present invention solves the problems, such as that existing enamelwork color expressive force is poor, is performed separately by high temperature and low-temperature glaze color separation, so that it is stronger to obtain color expressive force, and color enamel metal decoration more abundant.And process flow is simply conducive to industrialized production, cost, which obtains, to be reduced convenient for being extended to market.

Description

A kind of production technology of high/low temperature enamel metal decoration
Technical field
The present invention relates to handicraft technical fields, and in particular, to a kind of production work of high/low temperature enamel metal decoration Skill.
Background technique
China is the native place of porcelain, and the invention of porcelain is that China contributes the greatness of world civilization, in English " porcelain " One word has become the synonym of " China ".The porcelain of China is mature, there is the research institute and association of profession.Ming Dynasty's cloisonne enamel, has 600 years history, Chinese people receive the most.Cloisonne enamel is rectified name " copper tire thread weaving enamel ", popular name " enamel is blue ", also known as " embedding enamel Thinkling sound ", it is a kind of on copper fetalism, with soft flat copper silk, pinches and burn-on at various decorative patterns, then ganoid color glaze It is filled in porcelain implements made of firing in decorative pattern.Traditional thread weaving enamel continues to use always silver-colored tire, copper tire, is rarely used in gold Tire.Period of Ming and Qing gold tire thread weaving enamel is only limitted to imperial palace appreciation, does not consider cost.Loss is huge by hand for golden tire thread weaving enamel, Volume production can not be standardized, it is at high cost, it is unfavorable for promoting.
Summary of the invention
In view of the above drawbacks of the prior art, the main purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of high/low temperature enamel metal decorations The production technology of product realizes that color is beautiful, the high enamel metal decoration of expressive force.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the embodiment of the invention provides a kind of production works of high/low temperature enamel metal decoration Skill, comprising steps of
S1: metal embryo holds mould;
S2: high temperature enamel is fired;Firing temperature is 800 DEG C;
S3: polishing;
S4: it inlays;
S5: baking low temperature enamel;Being baked temperature is 100 DEG C;
S6: secondary polishing;
S7: polishing.
Optionally, the metal embryo is 18k gold, 9k gold or 925 silver medals.
Optionally, if metal embryo is red 9k gold, blue, green system carries out color supplement using low temperature enamel.
Optionally, if metal embryo is yellow 9k gold, red colour system carries out color supplement using low temperature enamel.
Optionally, if metal embryo is white 9k gold, red colour system carries out color supplement using low temperature enamel.
Optionally, in the step S2: using atmosphere protection net belt type oven;The gas is protected by volumn concentration to be 90% nitrogen, 10% hydrogen.
Optionally, the atmosphere protection net belt type baking equipment is there are five warm area, and the first warm area temperature is 200 DEG C, the second warm area temperature Degree is 500 DEG C, and third warm area temperature is 800 DEG C, and four-temperature region temperature is 800 DEG C, and the 5th warm area temperature is 300 degree.
Optionally, it in the step S2, fires number and is less than or equal to five times.
The present invention solves the problems, such as that existing enamelwork color expressive force is poor, passes through high temperature and low-temperature glaze color separation point Execution is opened, so that it is stronger to obtain color expressive force, and color enamel metal decoration more abundant.And process flow is simply sharp In industrialized production, cost, which obtains, to be reduced convenient for being extended to market.
Detailed description of the invention
It, below will be to tool in order to illustrate more clearly of the specific embodiment of the invention or technical solution in the prior art Body embodiment or attached drawing needed to be used in the description of the prior art are briefly described.In all the appended drawings, similar member Part or part are generally identified by similar appended drawing reference.In attached drawing, each element or part might not be drawn according to actual ratio System.
Fig. 1 is flow diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the functional block diagram of atmosphere protection net belt type oven of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
It is described in detail below in conjunction with embodiment of the attached drawing to technical solution of the present invention.Following embodiment is only used In clearly illustrating technical solution of the present invention, therefore it is only used as example, and cannot be used as a limitation and limit protection of the invention Range.
It should be noted that unless otherwise indicated, technical term or scientific term used in this application should be this hair The ordinary meaning that bright one of ordinary skill in the art are understood.
In the description of the present application, it is to be understood that term " center ", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", " length ", " width Degree ", " thickness ", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom" "inner", "outside", The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as " clockwise ", " counterclockwise ", " axial direction ", " radial direction ", " circumferential direction " is based on shown in attached drawing Orientation or positional relationship, be merely for convenience of description of the present invention and simplification of the description, rather than the device of indication or suggestion meaning Or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore should not be understood as to limit of the invention System.
In addition, term " first ", " second " etc. are used for description purposes only, it is not understood to indicate or imply relatively heavy The property wanted or the quantity for implicitly indicating indicated technical characteristic.In the description of the present invention, the meaning of " plurality " is two with On, unless otherwise specifically defined.
In this application unless specifically defined or limited otherwise, term " installation ", " connected ", " connection ", " fixation " Equal terms shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, may be a detachable connection, or integral;It can be machine Tool connection, is also possible to be electrically connected;It can be directly connected, two members can also be can be indirectly connected through an intermediary The interaction relationship of connection or two elements inside part.It for the ordinary skill in the art, can be according to tool Body situation understands the concrete meaning of above-mentioned term in the present invention.
In this application unless specifically defined or limited otherwise, fisrt feature in the second feature " on " or " down " can be with It is that the first and second features directly contact or the first and second features pass through intermediary mediate contact.Moreover, fisrt feature But fisrt feature is directly above or diagonally above the second feature above the second feature " above ", " above " and " above ", or only table Show that first feature horizontal height is higher than second feature.Fisrt feature can be under the second feature " below ", " below " and " below " Fisrt feature is directly under or diagonally below the second feature, or is merely representative of first feature horizontal height less than second feature.
A kind of production technology of high/low temperature enamel metal decoration referring to FIG. 1-2, comprising steps of
S1: metal embryo holds mould;
S2: high temperature enamel is fired;Firing temperature is 800 DEG C, and error is at ± 5 DEG C;To avoid 9k gold from aoxidizing, due to 9k gold Gold content is 37.5%, and silver, copper and other trace meters account for 62.5%, and high temperature melts floating to 500 DEG C or so regardless of calx Metal surface forms black oxide layer out, therefore uses atmosphere protection net belt type oven;The gas is protected by volumn concentration to be 90% nitrogen, 10% hydrogen.For the atmosphere protection net belt type baking equipment there are five warm area, the first warm area is preheating zone, temperature 200 ℃.For second warm area to be all preheating zone, temperature is 500 DEG C.Third warm area is clinkering zone, and temperature is 800 DEG C.Four-temperature region is same For clinkering zone, temperature is 800 DEG C.5th warm area is cooling band, and temperature is 300 degree.Specifically, enamel glaze is instilled metal Embryo is mutually in requisition at the position of glazing.Successively fired by five warm areas.
The firing number of step S2 be it is multiple, specifically fire number repeatedly and be less than or equal to five times, if fire it is excessive if lead Withered gold is caused, i.e. metal cracks, so that enamel cracks.Wherein 9k gold fusing point is 837 DEG C, and enamel fusing point is 750-850 DEG C, The two fusing point is close, and enamel is fired on 9k gold and metal melt phenomenon easily occurs.Therefore the firing time are as follows: 10-60s, when firing Between error in ± 1s,
S3: polishing;Enamel and metal embryo are tentatively polished.
S4: it inlays;The required jewel inlayed, ornaments etc. are embedded in metal embryo corresponding position.
S5: baking low temperature enamel;;100 DEG C of low-temperature glaze is instilled into metal embryo corresponding position, baking temperature is kept It is cooling after the completion of baking at 100 DEG C.
S6: secondary polishing;
S7: polishing obtains finished product.
High temperature enamel technique belongs to high technology product, there are many technique limitation, for example material hardness, product amplitude be bent The structure problems such as line is larger, product thickness, enamel filling groove depth are all the reason of influencing the success or failure of high temperature enamel.Low temperature enamel Not needing high temperature does not have structure limitation, is not limited by material yet, thus you high temperature enamel is not certain can not molding structure. France, the Japan in Asia of the enamel in Europe are the most famous.
Enamel more limits in the development of China.There is no employer's organization, professional research institute etc..Be trained an apprentice with master worker, The mode passed from mouth to mouth is passing on.This non-material cultural heritage of enamel is faced with the division of history into periods and lost danger.We research and develop 9k Product of the gold with high/low temperature enamel in conjunction with, have light transmission, it is interior fill out, it is micro- the techniques such as draw, wire inlay, volume production can be standardized, in face of 90 and 95 Young consumers afterwards, by enamel technique, this Intangible heritage is propagated and is passed on.1. the cost of 9K gold is low, price is suitable The consumption of suitable young man.High/low temperature enamel in conjunction with low temperature enamel after improve and more young man allowed to receive in conjunction with improved color.
Optionally, the metal embryo is 18k gold, 9k gold or 925 silver medals.
Because high temperature enamel color has different presentation effects, such as the blue-green on 9k Huang on different metal tire It is that expressive force is preferable, red, yellow expressive force are slightly worse, and high temperature enamel is made up with the color of low temperature enamel in different metal Upper color defect.
In an alternative embodiment, if metal embryo is red 9k gold, blue, green system use low temperature enamel into Row color supplement.
In an alternative embodiment, if metal embryo is yellow 9k gold, red colour system carries out color using low temperature enamel Coloured silk supplement.
In an alternative embodiment, if metal embryo is white 9k gold, red colour system carries out color using low temperature enamel Coloured silk supplement.
Finally, it should be noted that the above embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention., rather than its limitations; Although present invention has been described in detail with reference to the aforementioned embodiments, those skilled in the art should understand that: its It is still possible to modify the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments, or special to some or all of technologies Sign is equivalently replaced;And these are modified or replaceed, various embodiments of the present invention that it does not separate the essence of the corresponding technical solution The range of technical solution should all cover within the scope of the claims and the description of the invention.Especially, as long as not There are structural conflict, items technical characteristic mentioned in the various embodiments be can be combined in any way.The present invention is simultaneously It is not limited to specific embodiment disclosed herein, but is included all technical solutions falling within the scope of the claims.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of production technology of high/low temperature enamel metal decoration, which is characterized in that comprising steps of
S1: metal embryo holds mould;
S2: high temperature enamel is fired;Firing temperature is 800 DEG C;
S3: polishing;
S4: it inlays;
S5: baking low temperature enamel;Being baked temperature is 100 DEG C;
S6: secondary polishing;
S7: polishing.
2. a kind of production technology of high/low temperature enamel metal decoration according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the metal Embryo is 18k gold, 9k gold or 925 silver medals.
3. a kind of production technology of high/low temperature enamel metal decoration according to claim 2, which is characterized in that if metal embryo When for red 9k gold, then blue, green system carries out color supplement using low temperature enamel.
4. a kind of production technology of high/low temperature enamel metal decoration according to claim 3, which is characterized in that if metal embryo When for yellow 9k gold, then red colour system carries out color supplement using low temperature enamel.
5. a kind of production technology of high/low temperature enamel metal decoration according to claim 4, which is characterized in that if metal embryo When for white 9k gold, then red colour system carries out color supplement using low temperature enamel.
6. a kind of production technology of high/low temperature enamel metal decoration according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the step In S2: using atmosphere protection net belt type oven;Protecting gas to press volumn concentration is 90% nitrogen, 10% hydrogen.
7. a kind of production technology of high/low temperature enamel metal decoration according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the atmosphere is protected Protective net belt baking equipment is there are five warm area, and the first warm area temperature is 200 DEG C, and the second warm area temperature is 500 DEG C, and third warm area temperature is 800 DEG C, four-temperature region temperature is 800 DEG C, and the 5th warm area temperature is 300 degree.
8. a kind of production technology of high/low temperature enamel metal decoration according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the step In S2, fires number and be less than or equal to five times.
CN201910038798.1A 2019-01-15 2019-01-15 Production process of high-low temperature enamel metal ornaments Expired - Fee Related CN109808394B (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110122995A (en) * 2019-05-29 2019-08-16 深圳市甘露珠宝首饰有限公司 Compound enamel precious metal jewelry and preparation method thereof
CN111962078A (en) * 2020-08-21 2020-11-20 深圳明丰珠宝首饰有限公司 Technology for combining ancient gold with enamel
CN112725798A (en) * 2020-12-16 2021-04-30 孔氏(北京)国际钟表有限责任公司 Process for firing enamel color not affected by K gold ground color on K gold
CN113854719A (en) * 2021-09-17 2021-12-31 广东顺德周大福珠宝制造有限公司 Jewelry and surface treatment method thereof

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2011105766A3 (en) * 2010-02-24 2012-01-12 Kim In Ja Cloisonné without a metal base plate or a border, and method for fabricating same
CN102806807A (en) * 2012-08-03 2012-12-05 张斌 Low-temperature wire inlay soft enamel handicraft article and preparation method thereof
CN202836163U (en) * 2012-08-19 2013-03-27 合肥恒力电子装备公司 Muffle pipe air inlet structure of atmosphere protection mesh belt furnace
CN107348636A (en) * 2017-06-23 2017-11-17 广州番禺职业技术学院 A kind of enamel is jewel-encrusted to exempt to tear stone restorative procedure open
CN107411253A (en) * 2017-06-23 2017-12-01 广州番禺职业技术学院 A kind of enamel is jewel-encrusted to return firing method
CN108588374A (en) * 2018-02-06 2018-09-28 冷水江天宝实业有限公司 A kind of continuous heat treating furnace and its sealing device and method

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2011105766A3 (en) * 2010-02-24 2012-01-12 Kim In Ja Cloisonné without a metal base plate or a border, and method for fabricating same
CN102806807A (en) * 2012-08-03 2012-12-05 张斌 Low-temperature wire inlay soft enamel handicraft article and preparation method thereof
CN202836163U (en) * 2012-08-19 2013-03-27 合肥恒力电子装备公司 Muffle pipe air inlet structure of atmosphere protection mesh belt furnace
CN107348636A (en) * 2017-06-23 2017-11-17 广州番禺职业技术学院 A kind of enamel is jewel-encrusted to exempt to tear stone restorative procedure open
CN107411253A (en) * 2017-06-23 2017-12-01 广州番禺职业技术学院 A kind of enamel is jewel-encrusted to return firing method
CN108588374A (en) * 2018-02-06 2018-09-28 冷水江天宝实业有限公司 A kind of continuous heat treating furnace and its sealing device and method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110122995A (en) * 2019-05-29 2019-08-16 深圳市甘露珠宝首饰有限公司 Compound enamel precious metal jewelry and preparation method thereof
CN111962078A (en) * 2020-08-21 2020-11-20 深圳明丰珠宝首饰有限公司 Technology for combining ancient gold with enamel
CN112725798A (en) * 2020-12-16 2021-04-30 孔氏(北京)国际钟表有限责任公司 Process for firing enamel color not affected by K gold ground color on K gold
CN113854719A (en) * 2021-09-17 2021-12-31 广东顺德周大福珠宝制造有限公司 Jewelry and surface treatment method thereof

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