CN109772709B - Wheat straw screening device for wheat straw picture and soaking device thereof - Google Patents

Wheat straw screening device for wheat straw picture and soaking device thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109772709B
CN109772709B CN201910127025.0A CN201910127025A CN109772709B CN 109772709 B CN109772709 B CN 109772709B CN 201910127025 A CN201910127025 A CN 201910127025A CN 109772709 B CN109772709 B CN 109772709B
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conveying
roller shaft
screening
stage
plate
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CN109772709A (en
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刘明玉
付坤
马淇雨
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Shangqiu Normal University
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Shangqiu Normal University
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Abstract

The invention belongs to the field of optimization of basic procedures of traditional industries, and particularly relates to a wheat straw screening device for wheat straw paintings and a soaking device thereof. The invention improves the preparation process of the basic raw materials of the traditional wheat straw picture, ensures that the wheat straw screening and soaking are automated, saves the manual manufacturing time, improves the working efficiency and reduces the difficulty of the traditional handicraft inheritance.

Description

Wheat straw screening device for wheat straw picture and soaking device thereof
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of optimization of basic procedures of the traditional industry, and particularly relates to a wheat straw screening device for wheat straw paintings and a soaking device thereof.
Background
The wheat straw patchwork is one of unique handicraft articles in China, belongs to folk pure handicraft technology, and the completion of one work of the wheat straw patchwork needs to go through a plurality of procedures such as cutting, bleaching, scraping, grinding, scalding, fumigating and the like, the preparation of raw materials of the wheat straw patchwork occupies a large amount of time in the manufacturing process of the wheat straw patchwork, so that the time of a folk artist is seriously wasted, and the inheritance difficulty of the wheat straw patchwork is increased.
The previous screening and soaking work of the traditional wheat straw for the wheat straw paintings is mostly carried out manually, time and labor are wasted, automatic screening cannot be carried out, and in equipment for screening the diameters of raw materials, for example, in shaft screening equipment disclosed in Chinese invention patent (CN 107497692A), a mode of arranging a screening groove with an opening diameter gradually increased in a conveying direction is adopted, only a plurality of batches of materials with different diameter ranges are obtained, but raw materials with specific diameters cannot be screened accurately, manual screening is carried out on a plurality of batches of materials screened for the first time again, the efficiency is low, at present, no mechanical equipment is used for diameter screening and soaking of the raw materials of the wheat straw paintings, the production efficiency of artware can be accelerated by utilizing machinery to complete the preparation of the raw materials, and the difficulty in inheritance is reduced.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the invention provides a screening device and a soaking device for wheat straws for wheat straw paintings, and aims to solve the problems that the wheat straws for the wheat straw paintings cannot be continuously operated in the screening and soaking processes, the manual operation is complex, the time consumption is long, the screening precision is poor, the soaking is insufficient, and the wheat straw paintings are difficult to inherit.
In order to solve the problems, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
a straw screening device for straw paintings comprises a shell of the straw screening device, a screening plate arranged in the shell, and a conveying device arranged below the screening plate, wherein the conveying device comprises a conveying belt and first to eighth conveying roller shafts;
the wheat straws are conveyed to the position of the screening plate by the conveying device, the conveying belts in the first stage and the third stage are vertical to the screening plate, the conveying belts in the second stage and the fourth stage are horizontal to the screening plate, the conveying belt in the second stage is turned over for 90 degrees relative to the conveying belt in the first stage, the conveying belt in the third stage is turned over for 90 degrees relative to the conveying belt in the second stage, and the conveying belt in the fourth stage is turned over for 90 degrees relative to the conveying belt in the third stage.
The conveying device further comprises a first motor arranged outside the shell, a pressing belt arranged above the conveying belt, and a guiding tension wheel arranged at the turning position of the conveying belt, wherein the first motor is connected with a first conveying roller shaft, the first, second, fifth and sixth conveying roller shafts are rotatably connected with the shell, the third, fourth, seventh and eighth conveying roller shafts are connected with the shell through a support, one end of the support is rotatably connected with the conveying roller shaft, and the other end of the support is vertically fixed on the shell.
Foretell, the screening plate is a surface for the rectangle board of rubber material, and this rectangle board passes through parallelogram group frame and is connected with the casing, is provided with the bolt in the middle of the parallelogram group frame, the screening plate is located between third, the four conveying roller axles, is provided with the dump bin under the screening plate.
The material of the conveying belt is a rubber belt with the breaking elongation of less than 25%, and semicircular grooves are formed in the outer surface of the conveying belt at equal intervals in the direction perpendicular to the conveying direction.
The utility model provides a soak device of wheat straw for wheat straw picture, includes the base, still including the foretell wheat straw for wheat straw picture sieving mechanism of setting on the base, connects at the left pan feeding groove of conveyer, connects the soaking box on the conveyer right side, and the pan feeding groove is fixed on the base.
The soaking box is formed by separating a partition plate which is perpendicular to the base in the shell, the sixth conveying roller shaft, the eighth conveying roller shaft and the sixth conveying roller shaft are located inside the soaking box, the second motor is arranged at the bottom of the outer side of the soaking box, fan blades are arranged at the bottom of the inner side of the soaking box, and the second motor is in transmission connection with the fan blades.
Foretell, the pan feeding groove includes pan feeding board and the vertical pan feeding grillage of fixing on the base, and the pan feeding board is articulated mutually with the pan feeding grillage, pan feeding board lower part is provided with polarization motor and the polarization wheel that contacts with the pan feeding board, and polarization motor is connected with the polarization wheel.
The invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. the conveying belt of the second stage of the conveying device is arranged in parallel with the screening plate, the shaft of the conveying roller of the second stage is connected with the shell through a bracket, one end of the bracket is rotationally connected with the shaft of the conveying roller, the other end of the bracket is vertically fixed on the shell, namely, at the second stage, wheat straws are positioned between the screening plate and the conveying belt, and the wheat straws are in a vertical state with the ground; the screening board is connected with the casing through flexible parallelogram group frame, can adjust the distance of screening board to conveyer through flexible parallelogram group frame, when the wheat straw diameter is less than this distance, the wheat straw drops to the dump bin from conveyer, when the wheat straw diameter is more than or equal to this distance, the wheat straw passes through the screening board and conveys the third stage to this reaches the purpose that carries out the accurate screening to the wheat straw diameter, need not artifical screening, but automatic function.
2. The wheat straw continuous production device is characterized in that a feeding plate is hinged with a feeding plate frame, a polarizing motor and a polarizing wheel in contact with the feeding plate are arranged on the lower portion of the feeding plate, the polarizing motor is connected with the polarizing wheel, semicircular grooves are formed in the outer surface of a conveying belt in a direction perpendicular to the conveying direction at equal intervals, and the polarizing wheel drives the feeding plate to rotate around the feeding plate frame in a reciprocating mode through rotation of the polarizing motor, so that wheat straws are continuously conveyed into the grooves of the conveying belt from the feeding plate, and therefore the purposes of continuous production of the wheat straws, no manual operation, time saving and labor saving are achieved.
3. The second motor is arranged at the bottom of the outer side of the soaking box, the fan blades are arranged at the bottom of the inner side of the soaking box, the second motor is in transmission connection with the fan blades, and the second motor drives the fan blades to rotate, so that liquid in the soaking box flows, and the purpose of fully soaking wheat straws in the soaking box is achieved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention.
Figure 2 is a top view of the screening apparatus of the present invention.
Figure 3 is a cross-sectional view of a screening apparatus a-a of the present invention.
Figure 4 is a top view of the conveyor in the steeping box of the present invention.
The reference numbers in the drawings are as follows: the wheat straw conveying device comprises a base 1, a polarizing wheel 2, a polarizing motor 3, a feeding groove 4, a feeding plate frame 401, a feeding plate 402, a conveying device 6, a conveying belt 7, a screening device 8, a pressure conveying belt 9, a waste bin 10, a soaking tank 11, a partition plate 12, fan blades 13, a water drain valve 14, a guide tension wheel 15, a support 16, a shell 17, a parallelogram group frame 18, bolts 19, a screening plate 20, a conveying roller shaft 21, a first conveying roller shaft 211, a second conveying roller shaft 212, a third conveying roller shaft 213, a fourth conveying roller shaft 214, a fifth conveying roller shaft 215, a sixth conveying roller shaft 216, a seventh conveying roller shaft 217, an eighth conveying roller shaft 218, a conveying roller 22 and qualified wheat straws 23.
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present invention is provided with reference to the accompanying drawings, but the present invention is not limited thereto. Unless otherwise specified, the technical means used in the examples are conventional means well known to those skilled in the art.
In the embodiment of the invention, as shown in fig. 1-4, the straw screening device comprises a shell 17 of a straw screening device, a screening plate 20 arranged in the shell 17 and a conveying device 6 arranged below the screening plate 20; the conveying device 6 comprises a conveying belt 7 and first to eighth conveying roller shafts 211 to 218; the transmission process is divided into four stages, wherein the first stage comprises a first transmission roller shaft and a second transmission roller shaft, the second stage comprises a third transmission roller shaft and a fourth transmission roller shaft, the third stage comprises a fifth transmission roller shaft and a sixth transmission roller shaft, and the fourth stage comprises a seventh transmission roller shaft and an eighth transmission roller shaft;
the wheat straws are conveyed to the position of the screening plate 20 by the conveying device 6, the first and third stages of conveying belts 7 are arranged perpendicular to the screening plate 20, and the second and fourth stages of conveying belts 7 are arranged parallel to the screening plate 20; the second stage conveyor belt 7 is turned 90 ° with respect to the first stage conveyor belt 7, the third stage conveyor belt 7 is turned 90 ° with respect to the second stage conveyor belt 7, and the fourth stage conveyor belt 7 is turned 90 ° with respect to the third stage conveyor belt 7.
The conveying device 6 further comprises a first motor arranged outside the housing 17, a pressure feed belt 9 arranged above the conveying belt 7, and a guide tension pulley 15 arranged at the turning position of the conveying belt 7, wherein conveying rollers 22 are sleeved at two ends of a conveying roller shaft 21, and the conveying belt 7 is lapped on the conveying rollers 22; the first motor is connected with a first transmission roller shaft 211, the first, second, fifth and sixth transmission roller shafts are rotatably connected with the shell 17, the third, fourth, seventh and eighth transmission roller shafts are connected with the shell 17 through a support 16, one end of the support 16 is rotatably connected with a transmission roller shaft 21, and the other end of the support 16 is vertically fixed on the shell 17. The wheat straws on the conveying belt are in a horizontal state with the ground in the first and third stages of the conveying device, and the wheat straws are in a vertical state with the ground in the second and fourth stages, so that the preparation process of the wheat straws is automatic, continuous, time-saving and labor-saving.
The screening plate 20 is a rectangular plate with a rubber surface, the rectangular plate is connected with the shell 17 through a parallelogram assembly frame 18, and a bolt 19 is arranged in the middle of the parallelogram assembly frame 18; the screening plate 20 is located between the third and fourth conveying roller shafts, a waste bin 10 is arranged under the screening plate 20, wheat straws are located between the screening plate 20 and the conveying belt 7 in the second stage of the conveying device 6, the distance from the screening plate 20 to the conveying belt 7 can be adjusted by the telescopic parallelogram assembly frame 18 by utilizing the characteristic that the parallelogram is unstable and easy to deform, after the preset distance is reached, the bolt 19 is screwed down to fix the parallelogram assembly frame 18, when the diameter of the wheat straws is smaller than the distance, the wheat straws drop from the conveying belt 7 to the waste bin 10, and when the diameter of the wheat straws is larger than or equal to the distance, the wheat straws are conveyed to the third stage of the conveying device 6 through the screening plate 20. Therefore, the purpose of accurately screening the diameters of the wheat straws is achieved, manual screening is not needed, and automatic operation can be realized.
The material of the conveying belt 7 is a rubber belt with the breaking elongation of less than 25%, semicircular grooves are formed in the outer surface of the conveying belt 7 at equal intervals in the direction perpendicular to the conveying direction, and the wheat straws are located in the semicircular grooves.
A straw soaking device for wheat straw paintings comprises a base 1, a straw screening device 8 arranged on the base 1, a feeding groove 4 connected to the left side of a conveying device 6, and a soaking box 12 connected to the right side of the conveying device 6; the feeding groove 4 is fixed on the base 1.
The soaking tank 12 is partitioned by a partition plate 11 which is vertical to the base 1 and is arranged in the shell 17, the sixth to eighth transmission roller shafts 216 to 218 are located inside the soaking tank 12, the bottom of the outer side of the soaking tank 12 is provided with a second motor, the bottom of the inner side of the soaking tank is provided with fan blades 13, the second motor is in transmission connection with the fan blades 13, and the second motor drives the fan blades 13 to rotate, so that liquid in the soaking tank 12 flows, and the purpose of fully soaking wheat straws in the soaking tank 12 is achieved; the right bottom of the soaking tank 12 is provided with a water drain valve 14, and the bottom of the soaking tank is 3-5 degrees to the horizontal plane, so that the qualified wheat straws 23 can fall on the bottom of the right end of the soaking tank 12 in a centralized manner.
The feeding groove 4 comprises a feeding plate 402 and a feeding plate frame 401 vertically fixed on the base 1; the feeding plate 402 is hinged to the feeding plate frame 401, the polarizing motor 3 and the polarizing wheel 2 in contact with the feeding plate 402 are arranged on the lower portion of the feeding plate 402, and the polarizing motor 3 is connected with the polarizing wheel 2. Through the rotation of polarization motor 3, polarization wheel 2 drives pan feeding board 402 around pan feeding grillage 401 reciprocating rotation for the wheat straw is constantly carried to conveyer belt 7's semi-circular slot in from pan feeding board 402, reaches to this and carries out the serialization preparation, need not manual operation, labour saving and time saving's purpose to the wheat straw.
The above-described embodiments are merely preferred embodiments of the present invention, and not intended to limit the scope of the invention, so that equivalent changes or modifications in the structure, features and principles described in the present invention should be included in the claims of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. A straw screening device for a straw picture comprises a shell (17) of the straw screening device and is characterized by further comprising a screening plate (20) arranged inside the shell (17) and a conveying device (6) arranged below the screening plate (20), wherein the conveying device (6) comprises a conveying belt (7) and first to eighth conveying roller shafts (211-218), the conveying process is divided into four stages, the first stage comprises the first conveying roller shaft and the second conveying roller shaft, the second stage comprises the third conveying roller shaft and the fourth conveying roller shaft, the third stage comprises the fifth conveying roller shaft and the sixth conveying roller shaft, and the fourth stage comprises the seventh conveying roller shaft and the eighth conveying roller shaft;
the wheat straws are conveyed to the position of the screening plate (20) by the conveying device (6), the first and third stages of conveying belts (7) are vertical to the screening plate (20), the second and fourth stages of conveying belts (7) are horizontal to the screening plate (20), the second stage of conveying belts (7) are turned over by 90 degrees relative to the first stage of conveying belts (7), the third stage of conveying belts (7) are turned over by 90 degrees relative to the second stage of conveying belts (7), and the fourth stage of conveying belts (7) are turned over by 90 degrees relative to the third stage of conveying belts (7);
the conveying device (6) further comprises a first motor (5) arranged outside the shell (17), a pressure conveying belt (9) arranged above the conveying belt (7) and a guiding tension wheel (15) arranged at the turning position of the conveying belt (7), wherein the first motor is connected with a first conveying roller shaft (211), the first, second, fifth and sixth conveying roller shafts are rotatably connected with the shell (17), the third, fourth, seventh and eighth conveying roller shafts are connected with the shell (17) through a support (16), one end of the support (16) is rotatably connected with a conveying roller shaft (21), and the other end of the support (16) is vertically fixed on the shell (17);
the screening plate (20) is a rectangular plate with the surface made of rubber, the rectangular plate is connected with the shell (17) through a parallelogram assembly frame (18), a bolt (19) is arranged in the middle of the parallelogram assembly frame (18), the screening plate (20) is positioned between the third conveying roller shaft and the fourth conveying roller shaft, and a waste bin (10) is arranged right below the screening plate (20);
the conveying belt (7) is a rubber belt with the breaking elongation of less than 25%, and semicircular grooves are formed in the outer surface of the conveying belt (7) at equal intervals in the direction perpendicular to the conveying direction.
2. The utility model provides a soak device of wheat straw for wheat straw picture, includes base (1), its characterized in that still includes the sieving mechanism (8) of the wheat straw for wheat straw picture of claim 1 of setting on base (1), connects at the left pan feeding groove (4) of conveyer (6), connects at soaking case (12) on conveyer (6) right side, and pan feeding groove (4) are fixed on base (1).
3. The straw soaking device for the straw paintings according to claim 2, wherein the soaking tank (12) is partitioned by a partition plate (11) which is perpendicular to the base (1) in the shell (17), the sixth to eighth transmission roller shafts (216-218) are located inside the soaking tank (12), a second motor is arranged at the bottom of the outer side of the soaking tank (12), fan blades (13) are arranged at the bottom of the inner side of the soaking tank, and the second motor is in transmission connection with the fan blades (13).
4. The straw soaking device for the wheat straw paintings according to claim 2, wherein the feeding groove (4) comprises a feeding plate (402) and a feeding plate frame (401) vertically fixed on the base (1), the feeding plate (402) is hinged to the feeding plate frame (401), the polarizing motor (3) and the polarizing wheel (2) in contact with the feeding plate (402) are arranged on the lower portion of the feeding plate (402), and the polarizing motor (3) is connected with the polarizing wheel (2).
CN201910127025.0A 2019-02-20 2019-02-20 Wheat straw screening device for wheat straw picture and soaking device thereof Active CN109772709B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910127025.0A CN109772709B (en) 2019-02-20 2019-02-20 Wheat straw screening device for wheat straw picture and soaking device thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN109772709B true CN109772709B (en) 2021-08-17

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1192655A (en) * 1995-06-09 1998-09-09 斯泰尔-R·M·马格纳森 Grading machine and equipment
DE102009016261A1 (en) * 2009-04-03 2010-10-14 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Flat objects separating device, has separating layer including upper conveyor belt, where gravitational force of object is passed through separating layer between upper and lower conveyor belts and is obtained in flat objects at slots
CN103831249A (en) * 2012-11-21 2014-06-04 牛祝山 Guiding type live fish classification device
CN104986511A (en) * 2015-07-14 2015-10-21 孙立民 Automatic sorting and feeding machine
CN206334867U (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-07-18 广州市交通高级技工学校 A kind of twisting adhesive tape fruits and vegetables classifying equipoment

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101850337B (en) * 2010-04-27 2012-09-19 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 Variable-gap roll shaft fruit and vegetable classifier

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1192655A (en) * 1995-06-09 1998-09-09 斯泰尔-R·M·马格纳森 Grading machine and equipment
DE102009016261A1 (en) * 2009-04-03 2010-10-14 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Flat objects separating device, has separating layer including upper conveyor belt, where gravitational force of object is passed through separating layer between upper and lower conveyor belts and is obtained in flat objects at slots
CN103831249A (en) * 2012-11-21 2014-06-04 牛祝山 Guiding type live fish classification device
CN104986511A (en) * 2015-07-14 2015-10-21 孙立民 Automatic sorting and feeding machine
CN206334867U (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-07-18 广州市交通高级技工学校 A kind of twisting adhesive tape fruits and vegetables classifying equipoment

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