CN109758754B - Special instrument for football training - Google Patents

Special instrument for football training Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109758754B
CN109758754B CN201910136153.1A CN201910136153A CN109758754B CN 109758754 B CN109758754 B CN 109758754B CN 201910136153 A CN201910136153 A CN 201910136153A CN 109758754 B CN109758754 B CN 109758754B
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football
roller
ball
rod
compression
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CN109758754A (en
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赵继明
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Huaiyin Normal University
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Huaiyin Normal University
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Abstract

The invention discloses a special appliance for football training, which comprises a football collecting frame and a ball dispenser, wherein the ball dispenser consists of a transmission mechanism, a fixing ring, a simulation foot, a compression pull code and a pre-tightening mechanism; the invention is mainly used for training the ball-catching reaction ability of the goalkeeper, and contacts the football under the unknown elastic acting force of the rubber pad under the double elastic force action of the compression spring and the coil spring to generate football shooting angles with different tracks, thereby adding uncertain factors of actual combat to the training of the goalkeeper.

Description

Special instrument for football training
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of auxiliary machinery for sports training, in particular to a special instrument for football training.
Background
Football is the first major sports in the world and is popular with many people, and with the progress of technology and scientific management, football and training level are continuously high, and people's limit and ability are also continuously climbed to an earlier stage, and football level is high and low basically depends on the intensity and level of training, therefore, a large amount of special equipment and apparatus for training have appeared, the purpose is to continuously strengthen and remember muscle to the technological characteristics that the sportsman in different positions on the football court possesses, goalkeeper is as the last link of defense, its reaction ability and judgement ability on the spot depend on the training level at ordinary times.
At present, the training of goalkeepers is mainly achieved through artificial assistance shooting and machine serving, artificial assistance is basically to accompany the practice of shooting the goalkeeper to shoot the football, the mode is limited by the level of accompanying personnel, in a high-intensity match, the speed and the angle of the output foot are uncertain, the style is different when the goalkeeper faces different offensive players, the foot method of accompanying practice is too single to enable the goalkeeper to have more significance suitable for actual combat in judgment and movement, the machine serving is achieved through rigid material and football contact, the angle of the output ball is basically the same, the output ball has a certain height, the goalkeeper can shoot the football with a given track only through moving left and right, and the training significance of the output ball is far from meeting the requirement of actual combat. Therefore, how to improve the mechanism for judging and responding the goalkeeper in the existing special football training apparatus can simulate the shooting action with high strength, accelerate the shooting speed, simultaneously the football shot at each time has different angles, the goalkeeper has no familiarity to the long-term use of the apparatus, the training at each time can be fully focused, and the improvement is the problem to be solved by the invention.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the above technical problems, the present invention provides a special apparatus for football training, which improves the existing special apparatus for football training in terms of the judgment and response ability of the goalkeeper, so that the shooting action can be simulated with high intensity, the shooting speed is increased, the football shot each time has different angles, the goalkeeper has no familiarity with the long-term use of the apparatus, and the training can be performed all over time and continuously improved.
The purpose of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme:
a special apparatus for football training comprises a football collecting frame and a ball dispenser, wherein the ball dispenser consists of a transmission mechanism, a fixing ring, a simulation foot, a compression pull code and a pre-tightening mechanism, the football collecting frame is arranged above the ball dispenser, a ball dispensing panel is arranged in the middle of the ball dispenser, the simulation foot is arranged above the ball dispensing panel, the transmission mechanism and the compression pull code are arranged below the ball dispensing panel, the fixing ring and the pre-tightening mechanism are arranged at the tail part of the ball dispensing panel, the transmission mechanism is connected with the compression pull code, the compression pull code is arranged in the fixing ring, and the tail part of the compression pull code is arranged on the pre-tightening mechanism;
the transmission mechanism is characterized in that a rack is reversely arranged on the lower surface of the pitching panel, the rack is fixedly connected with the simulation foot through a guide rail, a transmission support with a rectangular frame structure is vertically arranged below the pitching panel, a connecting strip is obliquely arranged between the bottom edge and one side edge of the transmission support, a roller is arranged on a hole in the middle of the connecting strip, a half-width gear is arranged on the outer side of the connecting strip and meshed with the rack, when no pretightening force exists, the top end of the half-width gear is meshed with the rack, a coil spring box is arranged on the other side of the half-width gear, a coil spring is arranged in the coil spring box, a support seat is arranged between the coil spring box and the transmission support, and the support seat is used for fixing the gravity center of the roller;
the ball dispenser comprises a fixing ring, a ball dispenser body, a ball dispenser, a compression spring, a compression pull rod, a spring end strip, a traction rod, a ball pushing rod and a ball pushing rod, wherein the fixing ring is of a circular ring structure, two ring universal wheels are installed on one side of the fixing ring, the side edge of one ring universal wheel is on the same plane with the bottom of the ball dispenser body, the compression spring is arranged in the middle of the fixing ring, the compression pull rod is arranged in the middle of the compression spring, the spring end strip is installed at the front end of the compression spring, and the spring end strip is installed on the traction rod;
the transition seat is arranged between the pre-tightening mechanism and the fixing ring, the pre-tightening mechanism and the fixing ring are connected through the transition seat, two positioning columns are respectively arranged on two sides of the pre-tightening mechanism, a first roller and a second roller are arranged on two sides of each positioning column respectively, a pedal is arranged between the second roller and the fourth roller, a pedal connecting block is arranged in the middle of the front end of the pedal, the pedal connecting block is arranged at one end of a low point of the L frame, and the first roller, the second roller, the third roller and the fourth roller are connected in series through the annular space.
As a further scheme of the invention, the football collecting frame is of a cylindrical frame structure, the interior of the football collecting frame is in a spiral shape, the distance between the spirals is greater than the diameter of a football, the outer side of the football collecting frame is welded and fixed through a vertical rod on the outer side, and the football collecting frame is installed in a circular frame above the ball dispenser through an elastic fastener.
As a further scheme of the invention, the front end of the ball dispenser is provided with a ball stopping platform which is arranged on the upper surface of the ball dispensing panel, two sides of the ball stopping platform are respectively provided with a ball stopping baffle, two baffle universal wheels are arranged at the same side positions of the ball stopping baffle and the ring universal wheels, the rear end of the ball dispensing panel is provided with a fixed ring rod, and a compression spring is arranged in the fixed ring rod.
As a further scheme of the invention, an elastic rubber pad is arranged on the plane of the foremost end of the simulation foot, the simulation foot and a support at the rear part are arranged on a slideway, a rolling guide rail is arranged in the middle of the slideway, and a traction rod is arranged at the rear part of the simulation foot.
As a further scheme of the invention, the compression pull code consists of a middle rod, a first pull rod and a second pull rod, the first pull rod and the second pull rod are arranged on two sides of the middle rod, one end of the first pull rod and one end of the second pull rod are hinged on the compression pull code, the other end of the first pull rod is hinged with a first stabilizer bar, the other end of the second pull rod is hinged with a second stabilizer bar, the end points of the first stabilizer bar and the second stabilizer bar are arranged at the tail end of the middle rod, the other ends of the first stabilizer bar and the second stabilizer bar are in contact with a fixed ring, the first stabilizer bar and the second stabilizer bar respectively rotate around the first pull rod and the second pull rod, and the tail end of the middle rod is also provided with a high-point end of an L frame.
As a further scheme of the invention, the upper end of the transition seat is provided with a rotating shaft through two holes, the right-angle position of the L-shaped frame is arranged on the rotating shaft, and the L-shaped frame rotates by taking the rotating shaft as a shaft.
As a further proposal of the invention, the position of the half-gear on the connecting strip and the position of the connecting strip on the transmission bracket can be adjusted, and the position is used for adjusting the elasticity of the coil spring and the revolution acceleration of the half-gear.
The working mode of the special instrument for football training comprises the following steps:
firstly, transversely rolling a football collecting frame to the front of a goal, rolling a ball dispenser by ninety degrees laterally, downwards pushing the ball dispenser to move to the goal position by two baffle universal wheels and two ring universal wheels, reversely rolling the ball dispenser by ninety degrees, aligning a ball stopping platform to the goal position, and installing the football collecting frame on the ball dispenser and fixing the football collecting frame through an elastic fastener;
secondly, sequentially placing a plurality of football balls into the collecting holes above the football collecting frame, enabling the football balls to fall onto a ball stopping platform in the spiral football collecting frame, and enabling the football balls to be balanced and parked on a ball serving device through ball stopping baffles;
step three, a pedal is stepped by feet, the middle rod is pulled backwards by the downward force of the pedal under the action of the L-shaped frame and the rotating shaft, the first stabilizer bar and the second stabilizer bar are hinged and rotated by the tail ends of the first pull rod and the second pull rod, the first stabilizer bar and the second stabilizer bar are connected with the fixing ring in a contact manner to keep the stability of the compression spring, and the traction rod is pulled to make the same linear movement under the action of the backward movement of the middle rod;
fourthly, the traction rod moves to drive the rack and the simulation feet to move backwards at the same time, the rack transmits linear motion to the half-width gear to do circular motion, the rotation of the half-width gear drives the coil spring in the coil spring box to have elastic restoring force, at the moment, the pedal is loosened, the simulation feet rapidly move forwards under the action of the dual elastic restoring force of the compression spring and the coil spring, the surface of the front ends of the simulation feet contacts with the football, and the football is popped out to fly to the goal;
and step five, the simulation foot moving forwards drives the traction rod to move forwards, so that the L frame rotates reversely, and the pedal returns to the highest position under the rolling action of the first roller, the second roller, the third roller and the fourth roller with smaller resistance.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. this special apparatus is used in football training makes the simulation foot pull a distance backward through the transmission of drive mechanism at first through the trampling effect of pretension mechanism, the distance of backward pulling makes compression spring have elastic restoring force, make the wind spring in the wind spring case also have elastic restoring force under the effect of rotatory power under the effect of rack and half width of cloth gear simultaneously, thus, when loosening the footboard, compression spring gives a forward power of simulation foot, the wind spring gives a forward effort of rack through half width of cloth gear and acts on the simulation foot, make the simulation foot have two superimposed powers before touching the football, exert on the point of football jointly, make the football have a huge kinetic energy in the twinkling of an eye, the football is along predetermined direction, shoot goal.
2. The half-amplitude gear has the effect of stable launching, when a simulated foot strikes a football to launch, the half-amplitude gear can move backwards under the reverse acting force of the compression spring, at the moment, the half-amplitude gear is pulled by the elastic force of the coil spring to be prevented from moving backwards, and the half-amplitude gear can give an acceleration to the rack under the action of elastic restoring force, so that the gravity center of the half-amplitude gear is close to one side with the gear, and an acceleration is generated before the half-amplitude gear reversely contacts the football, so that greater kinetic energy is provided for the simulated foot; the two ring universal wheels and the two baffle universal wheels are convenient for the training instrument to move, and meanwhile, the laid-down instrument has the effect of one fulcrum on the instrument at the two lowest ring universal wheels and the baffle universal wheels, so that a plurality of two fulcrums are kept balanced and stable when a large impact force is generated.
3. The rubber pad that the simulation foot front end set up has the elastic action for simulating the people foot, and the scene of the metal pop-up structure in market more accord with reality is compared, makes the simulation foot contact the football in the twinkling of an eye because the inhomogeneous flight orbit that makes the football of atress is different greatly, and what have more when carrying out goalkeeper's guard training like this has the meaning of actual combat, and better improvement is under the circumstances of uncertainty, goalkeeper reaction rate.
4. The invention is mainly used for training the ball-catching reaction ability of the goalkeeper, and contacts the football under the unknown elastic acting force of the rubber pad under the double elastic force action of the compression spring and the coil spring to generate football shooting angles with different tracks, thereby adding uncertain factors of actual combat to the training of the goalkeeper.
Drawings
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is a schematic front view of the overall structure of the present invention.
Figure 2 is an isometric view of a ball dispenser of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a bottom view of the ball dispenser of the present invention.
Figure 4 is a side view of the ball dispenser of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic diagram of a simulated foot structure of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic view showing the movement structure of the step plate in the present invention.
Reference numerals: 1. a football collection frame; 2. a ball dispenser; 21. a serving panel; 22. a ball-stopping platform; 23. a ball stopping baffle plate; 231. a baffle universal wheel; 24. fixing the ring rod; 25. a first stabilizer bar; 26. a second stabilizer bar; 27. a spring end bar; 3. a transmission mechanism; 31. a transmission bracket; 32. a rack; 33. a connecting strip; 34. a half gear; 35. a roller; 36. a supporting base; 37. a spring coiling box; 4. a fixing ring; 41. a compression spring; 42. a ring universal wheel; 5. simulating feet; 51. a rubber pad; 52. a slideway; 53. a guide rail; 54. a traction bar; 6. compressing the pull code; 61. an intermediate lever; 62. a first pull rod; 63. a second pull rod; 7. a pre-tightening mechanism; 71. a transition seat; 711. a rotating shaft; 712. an L frame; 72. a positioning column; 73. a pedal; 74. a first roller; 75. a second roller; 76. a third roller; 77. a fourth roller; 78. a pedal connecting block.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-6, the invention relates to a special apparatus for football training, which comprises a football collecting frame 1 and a ball dispenser 2, wherein the ball dispenser 2 consists of a transmission mechanism 3, a fixing ring 4, a simulation foot 5, a compression pull code 6 and a pre-tightening mechanism 7, the football collecting frame 1 is arranged above the ball dispenser 2, a ball dispensing panel 21 is arranged in the middle of the ball dispenser 2, the simulation foot 5 is arranged above the ball dispensing panel 21, the transmission mechanism 3 and the compression pull code 6 are arranged below the ball dispensing panel 21, the fixing ring 4 and the pre-tightening mechanism 7 are arranged at the tail part of the ball dispensing panel 21, the transmission mechanism 3 is connected with the compression pull code 6, the compression pull code 6 is arranged in the fixing ring 4, and the tail part of the compression pull code 6 is arranged on the pre-tightening mechanism 7; firstly, the simulation foot is pulled backwards for a distance through the transmission of the transmission mechanism by the stepping action of the pre-tightening mechanism 7, the backward pulling distance enables the compression spring 41 to have elastic restoring force, and simultaneously, the coil spring in the coil spring box 37 also has elastic restoring force under the action of the rack 32 and the half gear 34, so that when the pedal is released, the compression spring 41 gives forward force to the simulation foot 5, the coil spring gives forward force to the rack 32 to act on the simulation foot 5 through the half gear 34, the simulation foot 5 has two superposed forces before touching the football, and the superposed forces are jointly applied to the point of the football, so that the football has huge kinetic energy instantly, and the football shoots at the goal along the preset direction.
The transmission mechanism 3 is characterized in that a rack 32 is reversely mounted on the lower surface of the pitching panel 21, the rack 32 is fixedly connected with the simulation foot 5 through a guide rail 53, a transmission support 31 of a rectangular frame structure is vertically mounted below the pitching panel 21, a connecting strip 33 is obliquely mounted between the bottom edge and one side edge of the transmission support 31, a roller 35 is mounted on a hole in the middle position of the connecting strip 33, a half-width gear 34 is mounted on the outer side of the connecting strip 33 of the roller 35, the half-width gear 34 is meshed with the rack 32, when no pretightening force exists, the top end of the half-width gear 34 is meshed with the rack 32, a coil spring box 37 is arranged on the other side of the half-width gear 34, a coil spring is mounted in the coil spring box 37, a support 36 is arranged between the coil spring box 37 and the transmission support 31, and the support 36 is used for fixing the gravity center of the roller 35; the half gear 34 has the effect of stable launch, and after the simulation foot 5 hit the football launch, can produce the effect of backward movement under the reverse effort of compression spring 41, and at this moment, the elasticity that the coil spring has held half gear 34 and makes it can not backward movement, and half gear 34 can give rack 32 an acceleration under the effect of elastic restoring force, because the focus of half gear 34 is close to one side that has the gear, produces an acceleration before reverse contact football, provides bigger kinetic energy for simulation foot 5.
The fixing ring 4 is of a circular ring structure, two ring universal wheels 42 are mounted on one side of the fixing ring 4, the side edge of one ring universal wheel 42 is on the same plane with the bottom of the ball dispenser 2, a compression spring 41 is arranged in the middle of the fixing ring 4, a compression pull code 6 is arranged in the middle of the compression spring 41, a spring end strip 27 is mounted at the front end of the compression spring 41, and the spring end strip 27 is mounted on a traction rod 54; the two ring casters 42 and the two apron casters 231 facilitate movement of the exercise apparatus, while the apparatus, when laid down, provides a fulcrum for the apparatus at the two lowermost ring casters and apron casters 231, so that it is balanced and stable at two more fulcrums when a large impact force is generated.
The transition seat 71 is arranged between the pre-tightening mechanism 7 and the fixing ring 4, the transition seat 71 is connected with the pre-tightening mechanism 7 and the fixing ring 4, two positioning columns 72 are respectively arranged on two sides of the pre-tightening mechanism 7, two sides of each positioning column 72 are respectively provided with a first roller 74, a second roller 75, a third roller 76 and a fourth roller 77, a pedal 73 is arranged between each second roller 75 and each fourth roller 77, a pedal connecting block 78 is arranged in the middle of the front end of each pedal 73, the pedal connecting block 78 is arranged at one end of a low point of the L-shaped frame 712, and the first roller 74, the second roller 75, the third roller 76 and the fourth roller 77 are connected in series through rings.
Frame 1 is collected to the football is columniform frame construction, and 1 inside is the heliciform in the frame is collected to the football, and the distance between the heliciform is greater than the diameter of football, and the football is collected 1 outsides of frame and is passed through the vertical pole welded fastening in the outside, and the football is collected frame 1 and is installed in the circular frame of 2 tops of service robot through elastic fastener.
The front end of the ball dispenser 2 is a ball stopping platform 22, the ball stopping platform 22 is arranged on the upper surface of the ball dispensing panel 21, ball stopping baffles 23 are arranged on two sides of the ball stopping platform 22, two baffle universal wheels 231 are arranged on the same side of the ball stopping baffles 23 and the ring universal wheels 42, a fixed ring rod 24 is arranged at the rear end of the ball dispensing panel 21, and a compression spring 41 is arranged in the fixed ring rod 24.
The most front end plane of the simulation foot 5 is provided with an elastic rubber pad 51, the simulation foot 5 and the support at the rear are arranged on a slideway 52, the middle of the slideway 52 is provided with a rolling guide rail 53, and the rear of the simulation foot 5 is provided with a traction rod 54. Rubber pad 51 that simulation foot 5 front end set up has the elastic action for simulating the people's foot, compares in the scene that accords with reality more of the metal pop-up structure in market, makes simulation foot 5 contact the football in the twinkling of an eye because the inhomogeneous flight orbit that makes the football of atress is different greatly, like this when carrying out goalkeeper's defensive training more have the meaning of actual combat, better improvement under the circumstances of uncertainty, goalkeeper reaction rate.
The compression pull code 6 is composed of a middle rod 61, a first pull rod 62 and a second pull rod 63, the first pull rod 62 and the second pull rod 63 are arranged on two sides of the middle rod 61, one end of the first pull rod 62 and one end of the second pull rod 63 are hinged on the compression pull code 6, the other end of the first pull rod 62 is hinged with a first stabilizer bar 25, the other end of the second pull rod 63 is hinged with a second stabilizer bar 26, end points of the first stabilizer bar 25 and the second stabilizer bar 26 are arranged at the tail end of the middle rod 61, the other ends of the first stabilizer bar 25 and the second stabilizer bar 26 are in contact with a fixing ring 4, the first stabilizer bar 25 and the second stabilizer bar 26 rotate around the first pull rod 62 and the second pull rod 63 respectively, and the tail end of the middle rod 61 is also provided with a high-point end of an L frame 712.
The upper end of the transition seat 71 is provided with a rotating shaft 711 through two holes, the right-angle position of the L-shaped frame 712 is arranged on the rotating shaft 711, and the L-shaped frame 712 rotates around the rotating shaft 711.
The position of the half gear 34 on the connecting bar 33 and the position of the connecting bar 33 on the transmission bracket 31 can be adjusted, and the elasticity of the coil spring and the revolution acceleration of the half gear 34 are adjusted.
The working mode of the special appliance for football training comprises the following steps:
firstly, transversely rolling the football collecting frame 1 to the front of a goal, rolling the ball dispenser 2 by ninety degrees laterally, downwards pushing the ball dispenser 2 to move to the goal position by two baffle universal wheels 231 and two ring universal wheels 42, reversely rolling the ball dispenser 2 by ninety degrees, aligning the ball stopping platform 22 to the goal position, and installing the football collecting frame 1 on the ball dispenser 2 and fixing the football collecting frame by an elastic fastener;
secondly, sequentially placing a plurality of football balls into the collecting holes above the football collecting frame 1, enabling the football balls to fall onto the ball stopping platform 22 in the spiral football collecting frame 1, and enabling the football balls to be stopped on the ball dispenser 2 in a balanced manner through the ball stopping baffle 23;
step three, the pedal 73 is stepped on by foot, the middle rod 61 is pulled backwards by the downward force of the pedal 73 under the action of the L-shaped frame 712 and the rotating shaft 711, the middle rod 61 rotates the first stabilizer bar 25 and the second stabilizer bar 26 through the hinged connection of the tail ends of the first pull rod 62 and the second pull rod 63, the first stabilizer bar 25 and the second stabilizer bar 26 keep the compression spring 41 stable through the contact connection with the fixed ring 4, and the pull rod 54 is pulled to do the same linear movement under the action of the backward movement of the middle rod 61;
step four, the traction rod 54 moves to drive the rack 32 and the simulation feet 5 to move backwards at the same time, the rack 32 transmits linear motion to the half gear 34 to do circular motion, the rotation of the half gear 34 drives the coil spring in the coil spring box 37 to have elastic restoring force, at the moment, the pedal 73 is loosened, the simulation feet 5 move forwards quickly under the action of the double elastic restoring force of the compression spring 41 and the coil spring, the surface of the front ends of the simulation feet 5 contacts the football, and the football is popped out to fly to the goal; the positions of the acting points of the football are uncertain and the flight trajectory of the football is uncertain because the rubber pads 51 are subjected to different elastic forces due to different positions;
step five, the simulation foot 5 moving forwards drives the traction rod 54 to move forwards, so that the L frame 712 rotates reversely, and the pedal 73 returns to the highest position under the rolling action of the first roller 74, the second roller 75, the third roller 76 and the fourth roller 77 with smaller resistance.
The significance of the invention is as follows: the different depths of the manual treading can lead the simulation foot to obtain different kinetic energy in the process of contacting the football, the compression spring has relatively fixed elastic restoring force under the condition of compressing to the same distance, however, under the condition of adding the coil spring and the gravity center offset of the half-amplitude gear, the contact point of the half-amplitude gear and the rack in the rotation is constantly changed, the acceleration of the half-amplitude gear is also constantly changed, and the acceleration in each time is different because of the difference of the contact point and the different depths of treading, the force generated in the way when shooting is unpredictable by a goalkeeper, even if the training device is used for a long time, the familiar and predictable conditions can not be generated, and the goalkeeper needs to keep high concentration of attention in the training, so that the goal of strengthening can be achieved in each training.
In the description herein, references to the description of "one embodiment," "an example," "a specific example" or the like are intended to mean that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the invention. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above do not necessarily refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples.
The foregoing is merely exemplary and illustrative of the present invention and various modifications, additions and substitutions may be made by those skilled in the art to the specific embodiments described without departing from the scope of the invention as defined in the following claims.

Claims (1)

1. The utility model provides a special apparatus is used in football training, collect frame (1) including the football, characterized in that, still include service robot (2), service robot (2) comprises drive mechanism (3), solid fixed ring (4), simulation foot (5), compression puller (6) and pretension mechanism (7), service robot (2) top is installed football and is collected frame (1), be provided with service panel (21) in the middle of service robot (2), be provided with simulation foot (5) above service panel (21), be provided with drive mechanism (3) and compression puller (6) below service panel (21), the afterbody of service panel (21) is provided with solid fixed ring (4) and pretension mechanism (7), drive mechanism (3) and compression puller (6) are connected, compression puller (6) sets up in solid fixed ring (4), compression puller (6) afterbody is installed on pretension mechanism (7);
the lower surface of a serving panel (21) of the transmission mechanism (3) is reversely provided with a rack (32), the rack (32) is fixedly connected with a simulation foot (5) through a guide rail (53), a transmission support (31) with a rectangular frame structure is vertically arranged below the serving panel (21), a connecting strip (33) is obliquely arranged between the bottom edge and one side edge of the transmission support (31), a roller (35) is arranged on a hole in the middle of the connecting strip (33), a half-width gear (34) is arranged on the outer side of the connecting strip (33) of the roller (35), the half-width gear (34) is meshed with the rack (32), the other side of the half-width gear (34) is provided with a coil spring box (37), a coil spring is arranged in the coil spring box (37), a support seat (36) is arranged between the coil spring box (37) and the transmission support (31), and the support seat (36) is used for fixing the gravity center of the roller (35);
the ball pitching machine is characterized in that the fixing ring (4) is of a circular ring structure, two ring universal wheels (42) are mounted on one side of the fixing ring (4), the side edge of one ring universal wheel (42) and the bottom of the ball pitching machine (2) are located on the same plane, a compression spring (41) is arranged in the middle of the fixing ring (4), a compression puller (6) is arranged in the middle of the compression spring (41), a spring end strip (27) is mounted at the front end of the compression spring (41), and the spring end strip (27) is mounted on the traction rod (54);
a transition seat (71) is arranged between the pre-tightening mechanism (7) and the fixing ring (4), the transition seat (71) is connected with the pre-tightening mechanism (7) and the fixing ring (4), two sides of the pre-tightening mechanism (7) are respectively provided with a positioning column (72), two sides of each positioning column (72) are respectively provided with a first roller (74) and a second roller (75), a third roller (76) and a fourth roller (77), a pedal (73) is installed between each second roller (75) and the corresponding fourth roller (77), a pedal connecting block (78) is arranged in the middle of the front end of each pedal (73), the pedal connecting block (78) is installed at one end of a low point of the L-shaped frame (712), and the first roller (74), the second roller (75), the third roller (76) and the fourth roller (77) are connected through an annular beam structure;
the football collecting frame (1) is of a cylindrical frame structure, the interior of the football collecting frame (1) is in a spiral shape, the distance between the spirals is greater than the diameter of a football, the outer side of the football collecting frame (1) is fixed by welding through a vertical rod at the outer side, and the football collecting frame (1) is installed in a circular frame above the ball dispenser (2) through an elastic fastener;
the front end of the ball dispenser (2) is provided with a ball stopping platform (22), the ball stopping platform (22) is arranged on the upper surface of a ball dispensing panel (21), two sides of the ball stopping platform (22) are respectively provided with a ball stopping baffle (23), two baffle universal wheels (231) are arranged at the same side positions of the ball stopping baffle (23) and the ring universal wheels (42), the rear end of the ball dispensing panel (21) is provided with a fixed ring rod (24), and a compression spring (41) is arranged in the fixed ring rod (24);
the plane of the foremost end of the simulation foot (5) is provided with an elastic rubber pad (51), the simulation foot (5) and a rear support are arranged on a slideway (52), a rolling guide rail (53) is arranged in the middle of the slideway (52), and a traction rod (54) is arranged behind the simulation foot (5);
the compression pull code (6) is composed of a middle rod (61), a first pull rod (62) and a second pull rod (63), the first pull rod (62) and the second pull rod (63) are arranged on two sides of the middle rod (61), one ends of the first pull rod (62) and the second pull rod (63) are hinged to the compression pull code (6), the other end of the first pull rod (62) is hinged to a first stabilizer bar (25), the other end of the second pull rod (63) is hinged to a second stabilizer bar (26), end points of the first stabilizer bar (25) and the second stabilizer bar (26) are installed at the tail end of the middle rod (61), the other ends of the first stabilizer bar (25) and the second stabilizer bar (26) are in contact with a fixing ring (4), the first stabilizer bar (25) and the second stabilizer bar (26) rotate around the first pull rod (62) and the second pull rod (63) respectively, and the high-point end of an L frame (712) is further installed on the middle rod (61);
the upper end of the transition seat (71) is provided with a rotating shaft (711) through two holes, the right-angle position of the L frame (712) is installed on the rotating shaft (711), and the L frame (712) rotates by taking the rotating shaft (711) as a shaft;
the position of the half gear (34) on the connecting strip (33) and the position of the connecting strip (33) on the transmission bracket (31) can be adjusted, and the position is used for adjusting the elasticity of the coil spring and the revolution acceleration of the half gear (34);
wherein, this special apparatus's for football training working method includes following step:
step one, transversely rolling a football collecting frame (1) to the front of a goal, laterally rolling a ball dispenser (2) for ninety degrees, downwards turning two baffle universal wheels (231) and two ring universal wheels (42), pushing the ball dispenser (2) to move to the goal position, reversely rolling the ball dispenser (2) for ninety degrees, aligning a ball stopping platform (22) to the goal position, and installing the football collecting frame (1) on the ball dispenser (2) and fixing the football collecting frame through an elastic fastener;
secondly, sequentially placing a plurality of football into the collecting holes above the football collecting frame (1), enabling the football to fall onto a ball stopping platform (22) in the spiral football collecting frame (1), and stopping the football on a ball dispenser (2) through a ball stopping baffle plate (23) in a balanced manner;
step three, the pedal (73) is stepped by a foot, the middle rod (61) is pulled backwards by the downward force of the pedal (73) under the action of the L-shaped frame (712) and the rotating shaft (711), the middle rod (61) rotates the first stabilizer bar (25) and the second stabilizer bar (26) through the hinged connection of the tail ends of the first pull rod (62) and the second pull rod (63), the first stabilizer bar (25) and the second stabilizer bar (26) are connected with the fixed ring (4) in a contact mode to keep the compression spring (41) stable, and the pull rod (54) is pulled to make the same linear movement under the action of the backward movement of the middle rod (61);
fourthly, the traction rod (54) moves to drive the rack (32) and the simulation feet (5) to move backwards at the same time, the rack (32) transmits linear motion to the half gear (34) to do circular motion, the half gear (34) rotates to drive the coil springs in the coil spring boxes (37) to have elastic restoring force, at the moment, the pedals (73) are loosened, the simulation feet (5) move forwards quickly under the action of the double elastic restoring force of the compression springs (41) and the coil springs, the surface of the front ends of the simulation feet (5) contacts with the football, and the football is popped up to fly to the goal;
and step five, the forward moving simulation foot (5) drives the traction rod (54) to move forward, so that the L-shaped frame (712) rotates reversely, and the pedal (73) returns to the highest position under the rolling action of the first roller (74), the second roller (75), the third roller (76) and the fourth roller (77) with smaller resistance.
CN201910136153.1A 2019-02-25 2019-02-25 Special instrument for football training Active CN109758754B (en)

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CN110585677A (en) * 2019-09-30 2019-12-20 江苏师范大学 Football ball-receiving training device

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