CN109693098A - A kind of universal planetary wheel of wind turbine gearbox bearing removal equipment - Google Patents

A kind of universal planetary wheel of wind turbine gearbox bearing removal equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109693098A
CN109693098A CN201910113596.9A CN201910113596A CN109693098A CN 109693098 A CN109693098 A CN 109693098A CN 201910113596 A CN201910113596 A CN 201910113596A CN 109693098 A CN109693098 A CN 109693098A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tooling
bearing
plate
top plate
wind turbine
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910113596.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴佳
王敏
李才舜
傅旸
吴伟强
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nanjing Avis Transmission Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Nanjing Avis Transmission Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Nanjing Avis Transmission Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Nanjing Avis Transmission Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910113596.9A priority Critical patent/CN109693098A/en
Publication of CN109693098A publication Critical patent/CN109693098A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/02Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes for connecting objects by press fit or for detaching same
    • B23P19/027Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes for connecting objects by press fit or for detaching same using hydraulic or pneumatic means

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of universal planetary wheel of wind turbine gearbox bearing removal equipment, it is characterised in that: has including tooling top plate, tool base plate, is fixedly connected with the dismantlement work platform that the supporter of tooling top plate and tool base plate constitutes;Tool base plate has opening up notch;Notch diameter is greater than bearing diameter and is less than planet wheel diameter;Hydraulic cylinder is fixedly mounted in tooling top plate lower surface;Planetary gear is placed in tool base plate and position of bearings is above notch;Spiral shell is set in the screw hole of two subdivision pressing plates of two sides respectively at both ends with double threaded screw, on the outer ring for the bearing that two subdivision pressing plates are pressed respectively against planetary gear;Tooling backing plate is placed on subdivision pressing plate, hydraulic cylinder is pressed on tooling backing plate.Protective demolition planet wheel bearing of the present invention, save the cost and disassembly working hour.

Description

A kind of universal planetary wheel of wind turbine gearbox bearing removal equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of wind turbine gearbox disassembling fixture, specifically a kind of disassembly planetary wheel of wind turbine gearbox bearing Tooling.
Background technique
From the point of view of the installation time of China's wind turbine gearbox, most of gear-box will or come into need repairing or The stage of person's maintenance, and when the failure of the planetary wheeling assembly of gear-box, bearing need to be removed and repaired.Due to planet wheel bearing Outer ring is connect with planetary gear inner hole interference, thus extremely difficult in disassembly process.Disassembly planet wheel spindle bearing outer-ring is most at present Using forcing pressure to be torn open, since unbalance stress causes planetary gear inner hole plucking to damage during pressure is torn open, scrap planetary gear.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of universal planetary wheel of wind turbine gearbox bearing removal equipment, and the purpose is to solve the prior art The shortcomings that, protective demolition planet wheel bearing, save the cost and disassembly working hour.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
A kind of universal planetary wheel of wind turbine gearbox bearing removal equipment, it is characterised in that:
With including tooling top plate, tool base plate, tearing open of being fixedly connected with that the supporter of tooling top plate and tool base plate constitutes Unload workbench;Tool base plate has opening up notch;Notch diameter is greater than bearing diameter and is less than planet wheel diameter;
Hydraulic cylinder is fixedly mounted in tooling top plate lower surface;
Planetary gear is placed in tool base plate and position of bearings is above notch;
Spiral shell is set in the screw hole of two subdivision pressing plates of two sides respectively at both ends with double threaded screw, two subdivision pressures Plate is pressed respectively against on the outer ring of the bearing of planetary gear;Tooling backing plate is placed on subdivision pressing plate, hydraulic cylinder is pressed on tooling backing plate.
The supporter of the dismantlement work platform is long bolt, and with four or more long bolt, spiral shell sets fixed company respectively It is connected in tooling top plate and tool base plate, tooling top plate is screwed down contact with the nut being located above and fixes.
Accommodating tool cushion block in tool base plate, tooling cushion block are equipped with opening up notch.
It is located at below tooling top plate with fixed housing, after connected bolt passes through the through-hole of tooling top plate, uses tooling Nut tightening above top plate and be fixedly attached to hydraulic cylinder on tooling top plate and be connected on fixed housing by holding screw, liquid Cylinder pressure is connect with hydraulic pump unit.
With heater coil wraps outside planetary gear.
Subdivision pressing plate has step structure towards the direction of bearing, and step structure is fastened on the top edge of the inner ring of bearing, The top of step structure is pressed on bearing, and lower part is inserted into the inner ring of bearing and is cooperated with inner ring.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1: most in tooling is fixed structure, and without movement, dismantlement work is high-efficient, and saving working hour is laborsaving.
2: tooling is reusable, and tooling can be adjusted according to planetary gear inner diameter size, has very strong general Property.
3: hydraulic package cooperates winding heater to use, and will not cause to bearing outer ring and planetary gear inner hole in disassembly process Damage.
Detailed description of the invention
Present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings and examples.
Fig. 1 is present invention heating bearing status diagram;
Fig. 2 is that the present invention extrudes lower side bearing schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is bearing arrangement schematic diagram of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
In order to illustrate more clearly of technical solution of the present invention, attached drawing needed in description will be made below simple Ground introduction, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the invention, for ordinary skill For personnel, without creative efforts, it can also be obtained according to these attached drawings other embodiments.
It is as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 shows:
Present embodiment includes dismantlement work platform, hydraulic package, coil heats equipment, disassembly Anchor plate kit, tooling Backing plate etc..
Dismantlement work platform is made of tooling top plate 5, tool base plate 9, tooling cushion block 8, long bolt 3, nut 4.Long bolt 3 divides Other spiral shell, which is set, to be fixedly attached on tooling top plate 5 and tool base plate 9;The quantity of long bolt 3 at least there are four, tooling top plate 5 uses position Nut 4 in top is screwed down contact and fixes;A frame structure is formed in this way.Tooling cushion block 8 is placed in tool base plate 9, Notch 81 is placed in upward in tool base plate 9, and the diameter of notch 81 is greater than the diameter of bearing 10 and is less than planetary gear outer diameter, tooling The notch 81 of cushion block 8 is used to receive the bearing 10 under disassembly.
Hydraulic package includes fixed housing 6, bolt 1, nut 2, hydraulic cylinder 15 and hydraulic pump unit (not embodying in attached drawing). Fixed housing 6 is located at 5 lower section of tooling top plate, after connected bolt 1 passes through the through-hole of tooling top plate 5, with 5 top of tooling top plate Nut 2 screw and be fixedly attached on tooling top plate 5.Hydraulic cylinder 15 is connected on fixed housing 6 by holding screw 7.Institute It states hydraulic cylinder 15 and carries eyenut 17, there is self-locking function, load safer.The connector and hydraulic pump unit of hydraulic cylinder 15 connect It connects.In this way, completing the assembly of whole dismounting workbench and hydraulic package.
Upside bearing inner ring a, the roller b of planetary gear 14 and the cone spacer d of centre are taken out, planetary gear 14 is placed in tooling 81 top of notch of cushion block 8.
Coil 16 is intensively wrapped in outside planetary gear 14, is heated and is gone using coil heats controller (not embodied in attached drawing) Star-wheel 14 removes coil 16 after the completion of heating.
Dismantling Anchor plate kit includes subdivision pressing plate 11, double threaded screw 12.Double threaded screw 12 respectively with two subdivision pressing plates 11 Spiral shell is set in the screw hole of two subdivision pressing plates 11 of two sides respectively at the both ends of assembling namely double threaded screw 12, and can be adjusted The centers of two subdivision pressing plates 11 is saved away from disassembly Anchor plate kit is contracted to minimum dimension.When installing and dismounting Anchor plate kit, double end 12 both sides screw thread of screw rod it is oppositely oriented, need to be corresponding with the screw hole rotation direction of subdivision pressing plate 11, the identical ability of rotation direction is mountable.
Then two subdivision pressing plates 11 are pressed respectively against on the outer ring of lower side bearing 10 of planetary gear 14.
Subdivision pressing plate 11 has step structure towards the direction of lower side bearing 10, and step structure is fastened on lower side bearing 10 The top edge of inner ring, the top of step structure are pressed on lower side bearing 10, and the inner ring and and inner ring of lower side bearing 10 are inserted into lower part Cooperation, so that subdivision pressing plate 11 can be by the support of lower 10 inner ring of side bearing when two subdivision pressing plates 11 are under pressure, it can It is destroyed to avoid being bent downwardly from the centre of two subdivision pressing plates 11.
When hydraulic cylinder travel is inadequate, since hydraulic cylinder 15 cannot directly work on disassembly component, for different NNCF series planet wheel bearing 10, the centre for the Anchor plate kit that can be formed in hydraulic cylinder 15 and subdivision pressing plate 11, double threaded screw 12 Mounting tool backing plate 13.
It can need to be multiple according to the stroke accommodating tool backing plate 13 of hydraulic cylinder 15, the quantity of tooling backing plate 13.
After all toolings install, start hydraulic pump unit, 15 stress of hydraulic cylinder moves downward, and passes through 13 He of tooling backing plate Downward power is transmitted on the outer ring of lower side bearing 10 by disassembly Anchor plate kit, thus side bearing 10 under safe and reliable extrusion. Lower side bearing 10 is fallen into notch 81.
Upside bearing outer ring c need to overturn planetary gear 14 when dismantling, also with hydraulic cylinder 15 and disassembling fixture component, downwards Extrude bearing outer ring c.
So far, planet wheel bearing can be extruded all.It should be noted that after heating planetary gear 14 with coil 16, Ying He In due course interior installing and dismounting Anchor plate kit and tooling backing plate 13, to guarantee in bearing hole expanded by heating but bearing outer ring is not heated When, bearing is extruded using hydraulic cylinder safety and nondestructive.
Each embodiment in this specification is described in a progressive manner, the highlights of each of the examples are with other The difference of embodiment, the same or similar parts in each embodiment may refer to each other.To the upper of the disclosed embodiments It states bright, enables those skilled in the art to implement or use the present invention.Various modifications to these embodiments are to ability Will be apparent for the professional technician in domain, the general principles defined herein can not depart from it is of the invention In the case where spirit or scope, realize in other embodiments.Therefore, the present invention be not intended to be limited to it is shown in this article these Embodiment, and it is to fit to the widest scope consistent with the principles and novel features disclosed herein.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of universal planetary wheel of wind turbine gearbox bearing removal equipment, it is characterised in that: having includes tooling top plate, tooling The dismantlement work platform that bottom plate, the supporter for being fixedly connected with tooling top plate and tool base plate are constituted;Tool base plate has opening up Notch;Notch diameter is greater than bearing diameter and is less than planet wheel diameter;Hydraulic cylinder is fixedly mounted in tooling top plate lower surface;Planet Wheel is placed in tool base plate and position of bearings is above notch;Spiral shell is set into positioned at two sides respectively at both ends with double threaded screw Two subdivision pressing plates screw hole in, on the outer ring for the bearing that two subdivision pressing plates are pressed respectively against planetary gear;It is put on subdivision pressing plate It is equipped with tooling backing plate, hydraulic cylinder is pressed on tooling backing plate.
2. a kind of universal planetary wheel of wind turbine gearbox bearing removal equipment as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described The supporter of dismantlement work platform is long bolt, and with four or more long bolt, spiral shell sets and is fixedly attached to tooling top plate respectively In tool base plate, tooling top plate is screwed down contact with the nut being located above and fixes.
3. a kind of universal planetary wheel of wind turbine gearbox bearing removal equipment as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: tooling Accommodating tool cushion block on bottom plate, tooling cushion block are equipped with opening up notch.
4. a kind of universal planetary wheel of wind turbine gearbox bearing removal equipment as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: have Fixed housing is located at below tooling top plate, after connected bolt passes through the through-hole of tooling top plate, with the spiral shell above tooling top plate Mother screws and is fixedly attached to hydraulic cylinder on tooling top plate and is connected on fixed housing by holding screw, hydraulic cylinder and hydraulic pump Equipment connection.
5. a kind of universal planetary wheel of wind turbine gearbox bearing removal equipment as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: have Heater coil wraps are outside planetary gear.
6. a kind of universal planetary wheel of wind turbine gearbox bearing removal equipment as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: subdivision Pressing plate has step structure towards the direction of bearing, and step structure is fastened on the top edge of the inner ring of bearing, step structure it is upper Portion is pressed on bearing, and lower part is inserted into the inner ring of bearing and is cooperated with inner ring.
CN201910113596.9A 2019-02-14 2019-02-14 A kind of universal planetary wheel of wind turbine gearbox bearing removal equipment Pending CN109693098A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910113596.9A CN109693098A (en) 2019-02-14 2019-02-14 A kind of universal planetary wheel of wind turbine gearbox bearing removal equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910113596.9A CN109693098A (en) 2019-02-14 2019-02-14 A kind of universal planetary wheel of wind turbine gearbox bearing removal equipment

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN109693098A true CN109693098A (en) 2019-04-30

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111941027A (en) * 2020-08-19 2020-11-17 上海戍尔特设备修造有限公司 Grinding roller dismounting device and method

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DE2202495A1 (en) * 1972-01-19 1973-07-26 Huta Warszawa Przed Panstwowe DEVICE FOR DISASSEMBLING THE INNER RINGS OF CYLINDER ROLLER BEARINGS
CN201437196U (en) * 2009-05-21 2010-04-14 攀枝花新钢钒股份有限公司 Special device for dismantling bearing
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CN106964966A (en) * 2017-05-19 2017-07-21 中车北京南口机械有限公司 The disassembling fixture of planetary wheel of wind turbine gearbox bearing
CN206998788U (en) * 2017-07-13 2018-02-13 星展测控科技股份有限公司 A kind of bearing, which moves back, unloads wedge
CN207629962U (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-07-20 中核(天津)机械有限公司 A kind of drawing horse device
CN209532631U (en) * 2019-02-14 2019-10-25 南京安维士传动技术股份有限公司 A kind of universal planetary wheel of wind turbine gearbox bearing removal equipment

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
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CN201437196U (en) * 2009-05-21 2010-04-14 攀枝花新钢钒股份有限公司 Special device for dismantling bearing
CN103801898A (en) * 2012-11-12 2014-05-21 中国南方航空工业(集团)有限公司 Electric induction separating method for inner ring of bearing of aircraft engine
CN103273303A (en) * 2013-06-21 2013-09-04 南车戚墅堰机车有限公司 Locomotive wheelset axle box bearing dismounting tool
CN104647281A (en) * 2013-11-25 2015-05-27 常州常昊发柴油机有限公司 Device for disassembling diesel engine spindle and bearing
CN106964966A (en) * 2017-05-19 2017-07-21 中车北京南口机械有限公司 The disassembling fixture of planetary wheel of wind turbine gearbox bearing
CN206998788U (en) * 2017-07-13 2018-02-13 星展测控科技股份有限公司 A kind of bearing, which moves back, unloads wedge
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111941027A (en) * 2020-08-19 2020-11-17 上海戍尔特设备修造有限公司 Grinding roller dismounting device and method
CN111941027B (en) * 2020-08-19 2022-02-08 上海戍尔特设备修造有限公司 Grinding roller dismounting device and method

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