CN109513993B - A kind of automobile-used linkage assemblies full-automatic processing system and technique - Google Patents

A kind of automobile-used linkage assemblies full-automatic processing system and technique Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109513993B
CN109513993B CN201811292629.2A CN201811292629A CN109513993B CN 109513993 B CN109513993 B CN 109513993B CN 201811292629 A CN201811292629 A CN 201811292629A CN 109513993 B CN109513993 B CN 109513993B
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China
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connecting rod
rod workpiece
workpiece
clamping
clamping disk
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CN109513993A (en
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管月超
宋良奎
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Zhejiang He Ao Machinery Technology Co Ltd
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Zhejiang He Ao Machinery Technology Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D41/00Broaching machines or broaching devices characterised only by constructional features of particular parts
    • B23D41/06Broaching machines or broaching devices characterised only by constructional features of particular parts of devices for feeding, clamping, or ejecting workpieces

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Jigs For Machine Tools (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of automobile-used linkage assemblies full-automatic processing system and techniques, it includes processing platform, clamping vertical plate, clamping mechanism, driving mechanism, mobile adsorbing mechanism, feed mechanism and cleaning agency, parallel the first broaching tool and the second broaching tool are wherein provided on processing platform, driving mechanism drives clamping mechanism, mobile adsorbing mechanism and cleaning agency work, the present invention carries out rotary loading by setting feed mechanism, first connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod workpiece need to be only placed on feed mechanism by worker, and feed mechanism drives the clamping disk of clamping first connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod workpiece to carry out automatic rotation switching processing stations during carrying out rotary loading, solves the technical issues of automatic charging, the automatic switchover of connecting rod work pieces process station is realized simultaneously, and it completes to processing the automatic clear of iron filings on processing platform Reason.

Description

A kind of automobile-used linkage assemblies full-automatic processing system and technique
Technical field
The present invention relates to automobile connecting bar processing technique field, specially a kind of automobile-used linkage assemblies full-automatic processing system and Technique.
Background technique
As shown in Figure 1, first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12 are applied to the complete company used on automobile It is secondary complete to be assembled formation one by bar for the cooperation of the semi-circular shape portion 122 of first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12 Connecting rod, and first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod function workpiece 12 are then by the first processing end face 111 and the second processing end face After being engaged of first flank of tooth 101 processed on 121 and second flank of tooth 102 carries out cooperation positioning, then by fastener by the two Locked cooperation.
And in the existing conventional machining device for carrying out the processing flank of tooth to first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12, In processing, need to need in carrying out the wherein process of one group of connecting rod workpiece manually to pacify another group of connecting rod workpiece It on processing unit (plant), is processed to replace, realizes the continuous work of processing unit (plant), and need upper load bar workpiece manually, The processing stations of two groups of connecting rod workpiece of manual switching, while process is cumbersome, every time during upper dress, to connecting rod workpiece Locked dynamics fully relies on the experience of worker, every time to the locked dynamics of connecting rod workpiece it is difficult to ensure that consistent, in addition, process The iron filings of middle generation fall interfered on processing platform next group connecting rod workpiece processing.
In the Chinese patent of Patent No. CN201720575611.8, a kind of mechanical numerical control broaching tool is disclosed convenient for removing The broaching machine of clast, including pull rod follow(er) rest, workpiece holder and support frame, the pull rod follow(er) rest are mounted on broaching machine fuselage On, pitch brace is provided between the broaching machine fuselage and pull rod follow(er) rest, the side of the pull rod follow(er) rest is provided with Broaching tool immovable support, the workpiece holder is mounted on draw bench at the right positions of broaching tool immovable support, described The lower section of workbench is arranged in support frame, and the inside of the broaching machine fuselage is provided with electronic at the leftward position of pitch brace Cylinder, and the lower section front surface of broaching machine fuselage is provided with control panel.By the way that several broaching tool holes are arranged on broaching tool, broaching tool is being cut Clast is generated when turning work piece, can be entered in broaching tool from broaching tool hole, will not be remained in the surface of broaching tool, can will draw when not in use Knife is removed, and removes the support handle of broaching tool, clast is poured out, in order to which next time uses.
But there are still following technical problems for above-mentioned patent:
1, connecting rod workpiece can not automatic charging, need manual feeding;
2, the switching of connecting rod work pieces process station needs artificial carry out;
3, the iron filings on processing platform can not clean up;
4, process being filled on each connecting rod workpiece and needing manual locking, the dynamics of locking is inconsistent.
Summary of the invention
In view of the above problems, the present invention provides a kind of automobile-used linkage assemblies full-automatic processing system, by the way that feeding is arranged Mechanism carries out rotary loading, and first connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod workpiece need to be only placed on feed mechanism by worker, and feeding It is automatic that mechanism drives the clamping disk of clamping first connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod workpiece to carry out during carrying out rotary loading Rotation switching processing stations, solve the technical issues of automatic charging, while realizing the automatic switchover of connecting rod work pieces process station, And automatic cleaning of the completion to iron filings are processed on processing platform.
To achieve the above object, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
A kind of automobile-used linkage assemblies full-automatic processing system, to set of first connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod workpiece into The processing of row extrusion friction makes first on the first connecting rod workpiece to process end face and adds with second on the second connecting rod workpiece Work end face is respectively formed first flank of tooth and second flank of tooth, and the first connecting rod workpiece is semi-circular shape setting, the second connecting rod work Part includes semi-circular shape portion, handle portion and ring part, and the semi-circular shape portion is connected with ring part by handle portion, and described half Circular ring shape portion includes: in the first connecting rod workpiece corresponding matching, the system
Processing platform is arranged in parallel with the first broaching tool and the second broaching tool on the processing platform length direction;
Clamping vertical plate, the clamping vertical plate move setting along the processing platform length direction, the clamping vertical plate with it is described Processing platform is vertically arranged, and is provided with the clamping disk of relative rotation by main shaft thereon, and synchronous clamping first connects on the clamping disk Bar workpiece and second connecting rod workpiece;
Clamping mechanism, the clamping mechanism are set to the one of the clamping vertical plate along the length direction of the processing platform Side, with the clamping vertical plate synchronizing moving, and the first connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod workpiece are fixed on the clamping by it On vertical plate;
Driving mechanism, the driving mechanism are set to the other side of the clamping mechanism relative to the clamping vertical plate, The clamping mechanism is driven to clamp the first connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod workpiece;
Mobile adsorbing mechanism, the mobile adsorbing mechanism are set on the clamping vertical plate, by rack gear by the drive The mobile setting of the width direction of processing platform described in motivation structure drives edge, and the first connecting rod work after one end absorption processing Part and second connecting rod workpiece carry out blanking work, and the other end adsorbs the unprocessed first connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod work Part carries out feeding work;
Feed mechanism, the feed mechanism are set to the side of the processing platform, supply the mobile adsorbing mechanism The unprocessed first connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod workpiece are answered, and it drives the clamping disk to be revolved by the main shaft Turn switching;And
Cleaning agency, the cleaning agency are set to the lower section of the driving mechanism, are located at first broaching tool and the The top of two broaching tools drives the first broaching tool and the second broaching tool described in rotary cleaning as the driving mechanism.
As an improvement, the first teeth of several groups are provided on first broaching tool along its length, second broaching tool Upper edge and length direction are provided with the second teeth of several groups Yu the first teeth corresponding matching, and first teeth and the first processing End face, the second processing end face squeeze broaching and form first flank of tooth, which squeezes with the first processing end face, the second processing end face Pressure friction forms second flank of tooth, first flank of tooth occlusion corresponding with second flank of tooth.
As an improvement, the clamping mechanism includes:
Turntable, the turntable clamping disk setting in parallel, and it passes through the main shaft synchronous rotary with the clamping disk;
First clamping assembly, first clamping assembly are two groups, are divided into the both ends of the turntable, fix described in First connecting rod workpiece and the semi-circular shape portion;And
Second clamping assembly, second clamping assembly are two groups, are divided into the both ends of the turntable, fix described in Ring part, and it is connected with corresponding first clamping assembly by linking arm.
As an improvement, first clamping assembly includes:
Fixed block, the fixed block are slideably positioned on the turntable perpendicular to the turntable, are filled described in the fixed block face One end of chuck is provided with the carrier with the first connecting rod workpiece, semi-circular shape portion corresponding matching, the carrier with it is described Slot correspondence on clamping disk plugs together, and limit cover board is provided on the carrier;
First guide rod, first guide rod are symmetrically disposed on the two sides of the fixed block, are located at the turntable backwards to dress The side of chuck, and it is arranged with the first spring thereon, the fixed block squeezes first spring along first guide rod sliding;
First screw rod, first screw rod penetrate the limit cover board rotary setting on the turntable, with the limit Position cover board piercing site is threadedly engaged setting, and it is provided with the first square block backwards to clamping disk, first screw rod with it is described Threaded hole on clamping disk is threadedly engaged connection;
Second screw rod, second screw rod penetrate the fixed block rotary setting on the turntable, with the fixation Block piercing site is threadedly engaged setting, and it is backwards to second square block that is provided with of clamping disk, first screw rod and described the Threaded line direction of rotation on two screw rods is reversed, and the threaded hole on second screw rod and the clamping disk is threadedly engaged company It connects;
Loop bar is rotated, on turntable described in the rotation loop bar rotary setting, is sheathed on the first screw rod and the second spiral shell respectively On bar, and it is provided with the square groove with first square block, the second square block corresponding matching;And
Gear is rotated, the rotating gear wheel cover is set on the rotation loop bar, with the driving mechanism corresponding matching, institute It states driving mechanism and drives the rotation loop bar rotation.
As an improvement, second clamping assembly includes:
Locating rod, the locating rod are slideably positioned on the turntable, corresponding with the card slot on the clamping disk to plug together, And the locating rod end plugged together corresponding with the card slot is chamfering setting;And
Second guide rod, the locating rod is fixed on the turntable second guide rod in parallel, and the locating rod is backwards to dress The side of chuck is sheathed on second guide rod, and is arranged with second spring on second guide rod.
As an improvement, the driving mechanism includes:
Installation riser, the installation riser clamping vertical plate setting in parallel;
Driving motor, the driving motor are installed in the installation riser, and vertically the installation riser is set drive shaft It sets, and is arranged with driving gear in the drive shaft;
Cylinder, the cylinder are installed in the installation riser, the vertically installation riser setting of push direction, and its Push is provided with clutch gear on end, engages with the driving gear;
Transmission component, the transmission component are set in the installation riser, the power that the driving motor is exported It is transferred on the mobile adsorbing mechanism, drives the movement adsorbing mechanism mobile.
As an improvement, the transmission component includes:
First transmission gear, first transmission gear are rotatably dispose in the installation riser, with the clutch tooth Wheel engagement;
Second transmission gear, second transmission gear are rotatably dispose in the installation riser, are passed with described first Moving gear engagement;
Transmission shaft, the transmission shaft are rotatably dispose between the clamping vertical plate and installation riser, are arranged with thereon described Second transmission gear;And
Third transmission gear, the third transmission gear are sheathed on the transmission shaft, are engaged with the rack gear.
As an improvement, the mobile adsorbing mechanism further include:
Sliding rail, the sliding rail are installed on the clamping vertical plate, are located at the top of the clamping disk;
Sliding block, the sliding block are slideably positioned on the sliding rail, are equipped with the rack gear thereon;And
Electromagnet, the electromagnet are two groups, are divided into the both ends of the rack gear, and electromagnet absorption described first connects Bar workpiece and second connecting rod workpiece.
As an improvement, the feed mechanism includes:
Bracket;
Upper flitch, the upper flitch rotary setting is on the bracket comprising rotates about axis direction and is placed equidistant with Four groups of material loading platforms, the feeding of engaging corresponding with the first connecting rod workpiece, semi-circular shape portion is provided on the material loading platform Slot, and the positioning polished rod of box set corresponding with the ring part is provided on the material loading platform;
Permanent magnetism stone, several permanent magnetism stone, which is equidistantly arranged, to be set on the material loading platform, and the permanent magnetism stone is opposite with institute State the other side that feeding groove is set to the material loading platform;
Positioning ratchet wheel, the positioning ratchet wheel are sheathed in the rotary shaft of the upper flitch;
Detent, the detent are set to the side of the positioning ratchet wheel, revolve the positioning ratchet wheel unidirectionally Turn;
Rotating electric machine, the rotating electric machine are arranged on the bracket, and pass through belt with the rotary shaft of the upper flitch The connection type of transmission connects;And
Sleeve, the sleeve rotating are set to the side of the main shaft, and the main shaft fitting, and are driven by the main shaft The clamping disc spins, and it is sequentially connected by regulating module and the rotating electric machine.
As an improvement, the cleaning agency includes:
Hairbrush, the hairbrush are symmetrical arranged, and rotary setting is equidistantly set around its axis direction in the installation riser It is equipped with several brushing needles;
First belt drive component, first belt drive component are set between the hairbrush, drive the hair Brush synchronous rotary;
Second belt drive component, any hairbrush of the second belt drive component transmission connection and driving electricity Machine.
The beneficial effect of system of processing of the present invention is:
(1) present invention carries out rotary loading by setting feed mechanism, and worker need to only connect first connecting rod workpiece and second Bar workpiece is placed on the material loading platform of feed mechanism, and first connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod workpiece are by the permanent magnetism on material loading platform It is rotated after stone absorption, after being adsorbed by mobile adsorbing mechanism, carries out dress, solve the technical issues of automatic charging;
(2) in the present invention when material loading platform level of feed mechanism, worker is by first connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod workpiece It is placed in feeding groove, therefore, the effect weight of upper flitch is not reciprocity, it may occur that rotation passes through positioning ratchet wheel and detent Cooperation, rotate upper flitch can not;
(3) it can be rotated by main shaft synchronous drive clamping disk in the present invention when feed mechanism carries out rotary loading, Automatically switch the processing stations of connecting rod workpiece, clamping disk is moved to the surface of feed mechanism later, is inhaled by mobile adsorbing mechanism The first connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod workpiece that attached feed mechanism provides, are realized to undressed first connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod The automatic upper dress of workpiece;
(4) in the present invention when processing to first connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod workpiece, driving mechanism can driven During mobile adsorbing mechanism carries out mobile feeding, discharging, synchronous drive cleaning agency is operated to the iron filings on processing platform It is cleaned, keeps the cleaning of the first broaching tool and the second broaching tool;
(5) present invention by being pushed using cylinder to fixed block while, drive clutch gear and driving gear with And rotation gear engagement will by the first screw rod of rotation and the second screw rod after the slot for being inserted into fixed block on clamping disk is interior Fixed block locks on clamping disk, realizes fixation to first connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod workpiece, and the first screw rod and the Two screw rods are divided into the upper and lower of first connecting rod workpiece Yu second connecting rod workpiece, lock first connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod workpiece Uniform force when dead;
(6) present invention plugging together by locating rod bar and card slot realizes the positioning correcting to second connecting rod workpiece, avoids the Two connecting rod workpiece make the second of second connecting rod workpiece process end face and first connecting rod work because stagger occurs in the gravity of handle portion First processing end face of part remains fair, guarantees the machining accuracy of first connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod workpiece;
(7) present invention driven after first connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod workpiece are locked, when cylinder is replied clutch gear with The engagement of first transmission gear drives mobile adsorbing mechanism to carry out mobile absorption first connecting rod workpiece and second and connects by transmission component Bar workpiece carries out feeding work or carries out unloading power work, compact-sized, high-efficient.
In view of the above problems, the present invention provides a kind of automobile-used linkage assemblies full-automatic processing system, by the way that feeding is arranged Mechanism carries out rotary loading, and first connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod workpiece need to be only placed on feed mechanism by worker, and feeding It is automatic that mechanism drives the clamping disk of clamping first connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod workpiece to carry out during carrying out rotary loading Rotation switching processing stations, solve the technical issues of automatic charging, while realizing the automatic switchover of connecting rod work pieces process station, And automatic cleaning of the completion to iron filings are processed on processing platform.
To achieve the above object, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
A kind of automobile-used linkage assemblies full-automatic processing technique, comprising the following steps:
Step 1, feeding will be filled to feeding on first connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod workpiece by artificial or manipulator In slot, is adsorbed and fixed by the permanent magnetism stone of upper flitch back side;
After being attached to the upper flitch on step 2, rotation, the first connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod workpiece, by electric rotating Machine drives rotation, keeps the first connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod workplace vertical upward, synchronous, the rotating electric machine drives dress Chuck rotation, the institute for making the first connecting rod workpiece for completing processing on the clamping disk and second connecting rod workpiece and not processed It states first connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod workpiece carries out processing stations switching;
Step 3, electromagnetic adsorption, after keeping the first connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod workplace vertical upward, by driving mechanism Electromagnet is driven to be respectively moved to above the upper flitch on the clamping disk, the electromagnet above the upper flitch is inhaled First connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod workpiece in the attached upper flitch;
Step 4, unlock, after the electromagnet adsorbs the first connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod workpiece, clamping vertical plate band Move the clamping disk along the length direction of the first broaching tool move on the clamping disk the unprocessed first connecting rod workpiece with Second connecting rod workpiece is processed, synchronous, the driving mechanism driving clamping mechanism is to completion processing on the clamping disk The first connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod workpiece, which release, to be fixed, and the electromagnet by being located on clamping disk adsorbs completion processing First connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod workpiece;
Step 5, upper dress, the driving mechanism driving are located at the electromagnet above upper flitch and the electricity on clamping disk Magnet synchronizing moving, the electromagnet above upper flitch, which is moved in assembly disk, carries out next group of first connecting rod workpiece and second The upper dress of connecting rod workpiece, synchronous, the electromagnet absorption on clamping disk is completed the first connecting rod workpiece of processing and second and is connected Bar workpiece discharging;
Step 6, locking, the driving mechanism drive the clamping mechanism to connect first be above filled on clamping disk again Bar workpiece and second connecting rod workpiece are clamped fixation.
The beneficial effect of processing technology of the present invention is:
The present invention is by carrying out while one group of first connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod workpiece are processed on clamping disk The feeding of next group of undressed first connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod workpiece, upper dress and locking, it is synchronous to carry out one group and added The unlock and discharging of work first connecting rod workpiece and second connecting rod workpiece while shortening process time, reduce labor intensity.
In conclusion the present invention has installation accurate, quick, machining accuracy is high, and work efficiency is high, and it is excellent that labor intensity is low etc. Point is particularly suitable for the automatic processing technique field of automobile connecting bar.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is first connecting rod workpiece of the present invention and second connecting rod workpiece schematic perspective view;
Fig. 2 is first connecting rod workpiece of the present invention and second connecting rod work pieces mate structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is schematic diagram of the three-dimensional structure one;
Fig. 4 is feed mechanism schematic perspective view of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the linkage structure schematic diagram of feed mechanism of the present invention and clamping disk;
Fig. 6 is upper flitch schematic perspective view of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is cleaning agency schematic perspective view of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is schematic diagram of the three-dimensional structure two;
Fig. 9 is structure enlargement diagram at A in Fig. 8;
Figure 10 is partial structural diagram one of the present invention;
Figure 11 is clamping disk schematic perspective view of the present invention;
Figure 12 is partial structural diagram two of the present invention;
Figure 13 is clamping mechanism schematic perspective view of the present invention;
Figure 14 is the fixed stereo block structural schematic diagram of the present invention;
Figure 15 is the first screw rod or the second screw rod and rotation loop bar fit structure schematic diagram of the invention;
Figure 16 is driving mechanism of the present invention and mobile adsorbing mechanism drive mechanism schematic diagram;
Figure 17 is structure enlargement diagram at B in Figure 16;
Figure 18 is the fit structure schematic diagram of fixed block of the present invention and electromagnet;
Figure 19 is structure enlargement diagram at C in Figure 18;
Figure 20 is schematic cross-sectional view of the present invention;
Figure 21 is two process flow diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that, term " center ", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", " length ", " width ", " thickness ", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outside", " up time The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as needle ", " counterclockwise " is to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and is merely for convenience of The description present invention and simplified description, rather than the equipment of indication or suggestion meaning or element must have a particular orientation, with spy Fixed orientation construction and operation, therefore be not considered as limiting the invention.
In addition, term " first ", " second " are used for descriptive purposes only and cannot be understood as indicating or suggesting relative importance Or implicitly indicate the quantity of indicated technical characteristic.Define " first " as a result, the feature of " second " can be expressed or Implicitly include one or more of the features.In the description of the present invention, the meaning of " plurality " is two or more, Unless otherwise specifically defined.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 8 and Figure 20, a kind of automobile-used linkage assemblies full-automatic processing system, to set of First connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12 carry out extrusion friction processing, make first on the first connecting rod workpiece 11 to add The second processing end face 121 on work end face 111 and the second connecting rod workpiece 12 is respectively formed first flank of tooth 101 and second flank of tooth 102, the first connecting rod workpiece 11 is semi-circular shape setting, and the second connecting rod workpiece 12 includes semi-circular shape portion 122, handle Portion 123 and ring part 124, the semi-circular shape portion 122 are connected with ring part 124 by handle portion 123, the semi-circular shape Portion 122 includes: in 11 corresponding matching of first connecting rod workpiece, the broaching machine
Processing platform 2 is arranged in parallel with the first broaching tool 21 and the second broaching tool 22 on 2 length direction of processing platform;
Clamping vertical plate 3, the clamping vertical plate 3 move setting along 2 length direction of processing platform, the clamping vertical plate 3 with The processing platform 2 is vertically arranged, and is provided with the clamping disk 31 of relative rotation by main shaft 30 thereon, is synchronized on the clamping disk 31 Clamping first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12;
Clamping mechanism 4, the clamping mechanism 4 are set to the clamping vertical plate 3 along the length direction of the processing platform 2 Side, with 3 synchronizing moving of clamping vertical plate, and the first connecting rod workpiece 11 is fixed on institute with second connecting rod workpiece 12 by it It states on clamping vertical plate 3;
Driving mechanism 5, the driving mechanism 5 are set to the another of the clamping mechanism 4 relative to the clamping vertical plate 3 Side drives the clamping mechanism 4 to clamp the first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12;
Mobile adsorbing mechanism 6, the mobile adsorbing mechanism 6 are set on the clamping vertical plate 3, by rack gear 61 by institute State the mobile setting of width direction of processing platform 2 described in 5 drives edge of driving mechanism, and described first after one end absorption processing Connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12 carry out blanking work, and the other end adsorbs the unprocessed first connecting rod workpiece 11 Feeding work is carried out with second connecting rod workpiece 12;
Feed mechanism 7, the feed mechanism 7 are set to the side of the processing platform 2, to the mobile adsorbing mechanism The unprocessed first connecting rod workpiece 11 of 6 supplies and second connecting rod workpiece 12, and it drives the dress by the main shaft 30 Chuck 31 carries out rotation switching;And
Cleaning agency 8, the cleaning agency 8 are set to the lower section of the driving mechanism 5, are located at first broaching tool 21 With the top of the second broaching tool 22, the first broaching tool 21 and the second broaching tool 22 described in rotary cleaning are driven as the driving mechanism 5.
It should be noted that one group of first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12 in the present invention on clamping disk 31 After processing is completed, during clamping disk 31 has fluid pressure drive device 9 to reset by 91 drives edge processing platform of screw rod, feeder Structure 7 can rotate, and unprocessed one group of first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12 be rotated to vertical state, for moving The dynamic absorption of adsorbing mechanism 6 carries out dress, and in this course, feed mechanism 7 will drive clamping disk 31 and be rotated, and make to fill Unprocessed one group of first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12 and the one group of first connecting rod workpiece processed on chuck 31 11 carry out the switching of station, the one group of first connecting rod workpiece 11 processed later and second connecting rod workpiece with second connecting rod workpiece 12 After 12 can be released, unloaded from clamping disk 31 by the mobile absorption of adsorbing mechanism 6, while the supply of feed mechanism 7 is undressed One group of first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12 by being carried out on mobile adsorbing mechanism 6 mobilization to clamping disk 31 Material, later, driving mechanism 5 drive clamping mechanism 4 that the first connecting rod workpiece 11 of upper dress to be fixed with second connecting rod workpiece 12, And synchronous, another group of first connecting rod workpiece 11 can be by original in system with second connecting rod workpiece 12 on clamping disk 31 Fluid pressure drive device, driving clamping vertical plate 3 is moved along the first broaching tool 21 and the second broaching tool 22, in moving process, makes the One processing end face 111 and the second processing end face 121 and the first broaching tool 21 and the second broaching tool 22 are squeezed and are broached, and form the flank of tooth.
It further illustrates, drives mobile adsorbing mechanism 6 to carry out upper dress in driving mechanism 5 and unload first connecting rod workpiece 11 with second connecting rod workpiece 12 when, can synchronous drive cleaning agency 8 to the iron filings progress on the first broaching tool 21 and the second broaching tool 22 It cleans, keeps processing one group of first connecting rod workpiece 11 and 12 machining accuracy of second connecting rod workpiece higher, while extending first The service life of broaching tool 21 and the second broaching tool 22.
If as shown in figure 9, as a preferred embodiment, being provided with along its length on first broaching tool 21 First teeth 211 of dry group, on second broaching tool 22 along and length direction be provided with several groups and 211 corresponding matching of the first teeth The second teeth 221, and first teeth 211 and the first processing end face 111, second process end face 121 and squeeze broaching and form the One flank of tooth 101, second teeth 221 and the first processing end face 111, second process 121 extrusion friction of end face and form second flank of tooth 102, first flank of tooth 101 occlusion corresponding with second flank of tooth 102.
It should be noted that the second tooth in the first teeth 211 and the second broaching tool 22 in the present invention, on the first broaching tool 21 Tooth 221 just at being staggered, therefore on the first broaching tool 21 machine-shaping first flank of tooth 101 just with the second tooth can on 22 plus The molding pairing of second flank of tooth 102 occlusion of work, therefore the first connecting rod workpiece 11 after synchronous processing and second connecting rod workpiece 12 can It is engaged, is assembled with directly passing through first flank of tooth 101 with the dislocation of second flank of tooth 102 pairing.
As shown in Figure 10, Figure 11, Figure 12 and Figure 13, as a preferred embodiment, the clamping mechanism 4 includes:
Turntable 41, the parallel clamping disk 31 of the turntable 41 is arranged, and it passes through the main shaft with the clamping disk 31 30 synchronous rotaries;
First clamping assembly 42, first clamping assembly 42 are two groups, are divided into the both ends of the turntable 41, Gu The fixed first connecting rod workpiece 11 and the semi-circular shape portion 122;And
Second clamping assembly 43, second clamping assembly 43 are two groups, are divided into the both ends of the turntable 41, Gu The fixed ring part 124, and it is connected with corresponding first clamping assembly 42 by linking arm 44.
As shown in figures 13 and 14, wherein first clamping assembly 42 includes:
Fixed block 421, the fixed block 421 are slideably positioned on the turntable 41 perpendicular to the turntable 41, the fixed block One end of clamping disk 31 described in 421 faces is provided with holds with the first connecting rod workpiece 11,122 corresponding matching of semi-circular shape portion Socket part 4211, and limit cover board 4212 is provided on the carrier 4211;
First guide rod 422, first guide rod 422 are symmetrically disposed on the two sides of the fixed block 421, are located at described turn Disk 41 is arranged with the first spring 423 backwards to the side of clamping disk 31 thereon, and the fixed block 421 is sliding along first guide rod 422 It is dynamic to squeeze first spring 423;
First screw rod 424, first screw rod 424 penetrate 4212 rotary setting of limit cover board in the turntable 41 On, be threadedly engaged setting with 4212 piercing site of limit cover board, and its backwards to clamping disk 31 to be provided with first rectangular Block 4241;
Second screw rod 425, second screw rod 425 penetrate 421 rotary setting of fixed block on the turntable 41, It is threadedly engaged setting with 421 piercing site of fixed block, and it is provided with the second square block 4251 backwards to clamping disk 31;
Loop bar 426 is rotated, on turntable 41 described in 426 rotary setting of rotation loop bar, is sheathed on the first screw rod respectively 424 and second on screw rod 425, and is provided with and first square block 4241,4251 corresponding matching of the second square block Square groove 4261;And
Gear 427 is rotated, the rotation gear 427 is sheathed on the rotation loop bar 426, with the driving mechanism 5 Corresponding matching, the driving mechanism 5 drive the rotation loop bar 426 to rotate.
Further, first screw rod 424 is reversed with the threaded line direction of rotation on second screw rod 425.
Further, the slot 311 plugged together corresponding with the fixed block 421 is provided on the clamping disk 31, thereon It is provided with the threaded hole 312 with first screw rod 424,425 corresponding matching of the second screw rod.
It should be noted that first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12 are adsorbed onto dress in mobile adsorbing mechanism 6 When at the slot 311 on chuck 31, fixed block 421 is pushed in the slot 311 being inserted on clamping disk 31 by driving mechanism 5, is made First connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12 are placed on the carrier 4211 of fixed block 421, while by obtaining mechanism 5 The first screw rod 424 and the second screw rod 425 are rotated, is fixed on fixed block 421 on clamping disk 31, is realized to first connecting rod workpiece 11 With the fixation of second connecting rod workpiece 12.
Further illustrate, in the present invention, driving mechanism 5 by drive the rotation of loop bar 426 drive the first screw rod 424 with The rotation of second screw rod 425, the first screw rod 424 and the second screw rod 425 can opposite slidings with loop bar 426.
It is worth noting that passing through the threaded connection of the first screw rod 424 and the second screw rod 425 and clamping disk 31 in the present invention Clamping first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12, therefore each clamping dynamics is always consistent, this is also just determined Extruding dynamics when first connecting rod workpiece 11 is processed with the first rack rails 21 with the second rack rails 22 with second connecting rod workpiece 12 is consistent, Vibration degree is consistent, excludes the wear factor of the first rack rails 21 and the second rack rails 22, ensure that every batch of first connects as far as possible The processing consistency of bar workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12.
As shown in Figure 18 and Figure 19, it is notable that in the present invention, limit to be provided on cover board 4212 and be adsorbed with mobile The insulating trip 4213 of 64 corresponding matching of electromagnet in mechanism 6, when in the relay slot 641 that insulating trip 4213 is inserted into electromagnet 64 When, the power-off of electromagnet 64 loses magnetism, and the both ends in relay slot 641 are provided with sheet metal, and sheet metal is squeezed by the elasticity of spring Touching is compressed, sheet metal is separately connected the positive and negative electrode of power supply, when insulating trip 4213 is inserted into relay slot 641, insulating trip 4213 Sheet metal is separated, dump.
As shown in figure 18, as a preferred embodiment, second clamping assembly 43 includes:
Locating rod 431, the locating rod 431 are slideably positioned on the turntable 41, with the card on the clamping disk 31 The correspondence of slot 313 plugs together, and the locating rod 431 end plugged together corresponding with the card slot 313 is chamfering setting;And
Second guide rod 432, the parallel locating rod 431 of second guide rod 432 is fixed on the turntable 41, described fixed Position bar 431 is sheathed on second guide rod 432 backwards to the side of clamping disk 31, and is arranged with second on second guide rod 432 Spring 433.
It should be noted that the present invention by driving mechanism 5 push fixed block 421 while, drive locating rod 431 into Row movement is inserted into card slot 313, is located on clamping disk 31 to the ring part 124 of second connecting rod workpiece 12, and due to fixed The end-beveling setting that position bar 431 plugs together is inserted into ring part 124 during being inserted into card slot 313 in locating rod 431, positioning Bar 431 carries out positioning and rectifying to second connecting rod workpiece 12, guarantees that the second processing end face 121 and first of second connecting rod workpiece 12 connects First processing end face 111 of bar workpiece 11 keeps the state that maintains an equal level.
As shown in Figure 12 and Figure 16, as a preferred embodiment, the driving mechanism 5 includes:
Installation riser 51, the parallel clamping vertical plate 3 of the installation riser 51 are arranged;
Driving motor 52, the driving motor 52 are installed in the installation riser 51, the vertical peace of drive shaft 521 It fills vertical plate 51 to be arranged, and is arranged with driving gear 522 in the drive shaft 521;
Cylinder 53, the cylinder 53 are installed in the installation riser 51, push the direction vertically installation riser 51 Setting, and it pushes and is provided with clutch gear 532 on end 531, engages with the driving gear 522;
Transmission component 54, the transmission component 54 is set in the installation riser 51, and the driving motor 52 is defeated In power transmission out to the mobile adsorbing mechanism 6, drive the movement adsorbing mechanism 6 mobile.
As shown in figure 16 and figure 17, wherein the transmission component 54 includes:
First transmission gear 541, first transmission gear 541 are rotatably dispose in the installation riser 51, with institute State the engagement of clutch gear 532;
Second transmission gear 542, second transmission gear 542 are rotatably dispose in the installation riser 51, with institute State the engagement of the first transmission gear 541;
Transmission shaft 543, the transmission shaft 543 are rotatably dispose between the clamping vertical plate 3 and installation riser 51, cover thereon Equipped with second transmission gear 542;And
Third transmission gear 544, the third transmission gear 544 are sheathed on the transmission shaft 543, with the rack gear 61 are engaged.
It should be noted that driving clutch gear 532 to push to clamping disk 31 by cylinder 53, cylinder 53 in the present invention Fixed block 421 is pushed to clamping disk 31, fixed block 421 is inserted into clamping disk 31, at this point, the driving gear on driving motor 52 522 engage with the clutch gear 532 on the push end 531 of cylinder 53, while clutch gear 532 is engaged with rotation gear 427, and Rotation gear 427 is engaged with each other again, and during 52 rotary work of driving motor, the first screw rod 424 and the second screw rod 425 revolve Turn locked with clamping disk 31, fixed block 421 is fixed on clamping disk 31, is realized to first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod work The fixation clamping of part 12.
It further illustrates, when cylinder 53 drives clutch gear 532 to reset, clutch gear 532 and driving gear 522, the first transmission gear 541 engages, and then makes the mobile absorption first connecting rod workpiece of mobile adsorbing mechanism 6 by transmission component 54 11 with second connecting rod workpiece 12.
As shown in Figure 10 and 20, as a preferred embodiment, the mobile adsorbing mechanism 6 further include:
Sliding rail 62, the sliding rail 62 are installed on the clamping vertical plate 3, are located at the top of the clamping disk 31;
Sliding block 63, the sliding block 63 are slideably positioned on the sliding rail 62, are equipped with the rack gear 61 thereon;And
Electromagnet 64, the electromagnet 64 are two groups, are divided into the both ends of the rack gear 61, which adsorbs institute State first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12.
It should be noted that clamping has two groups of connecting rod workpiece on clamping disk 31, wherein one group of connecting rod workpiece in the present invention It completes after processing, manually or automatically rotating dress chuck 31, by another group of connecting rod workpiece rotation clamping on clamping disk 31 under Fang Jinhang processing, and the connecting rod workpiece rotation processed is to top, at this point, one group of electromagnet 64 on mobile adsorbing mechanism 6 by The driving of driving mechanism 5 is moved on clamping disk 31, wherein another group of electromagnet 64 is located at, clamping disk 31 is outer to provide feed mechanism 7 First connecting rod workpiece 11 adsorbed with second connecting rod workpiece 12, exhaust hood 53 drive clutch gear 532 push, driving machine Structure 5 drives the first screw rod 424 and the second screw rod 425 to invert, and discharges fixed block 421, and is located at the electromagnet 64 of clamping Pan31Chu Adsorb first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12 after fixed block 421 discharges, the electromagnet 64 outside clamping disk 31 Then adsorb one group of new unprocessed first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12, exhaust hood 53 drive clutch gear 532 reset, and sliding block 63 is mobile, and the electromagnet 64 for adsorbing the first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12 processed is moved to Discharging is carried out outside clamping disk 31, and is adsorbed unprocessed first connecting rod workpiece 11 and be moved to clamping disk 31 with second connecting rod workpiece 12 Place carries out feeding, and again during this, another group of first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12 on clamping disk 31 Always it is in machining state.
As shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, as a preferred embodiment, the feed mechanism 7 includes:
Bracket 71;
Upper flitch 72,72 rotary setting of upper flitch is on the bracket 71 comprising rotates about axis direction etc. Four groups of material loading platforms 721 away from setting are provided with and the first connecting rod workpiece 11, semi-circular shape portion on the material loading platform 721 The feeding groove 722 of 122 corresponding engagings, and the positioning light of box set corresponding with the ring part 124 is provided on the material loading platform 721 Bar 723;
Permanent magnetism stone 73, equidistantly arrangement is set on the material loading platform 721 several permanent magnetism stone 73, the permanent magnetism stone 73 The opposite other side that the material loading platform 721 is set to the feeding groove 722;
Positioning ratchet wheel 74, the positioning ratchet wheel 74 are sheathed in the rotary shaft of the upper flitch 72;
Detent 75, the detent 75 are set to the side of the positioning ratchet wheel 74, make the positioning ratchet wheel 74 single direction rotations;
Rotating electric machine 76, the rotating electric machine 76 are set on the bracket 71, the rotary shaft with the upper flitch 72 The connection type connection being driven by belt;And
Sleeve 77,77 rotary setting of sleeve is in the side of the main shaft 30, and 30 fitting of main shaft, and by should Main shaft 30 drives the clamping disk 31 to rotate, and it is sequentially connected by regulating module 78 and the rotating electric machine 76.
Further, the regulating module 78 includes the bevel gear set that 76 output power of rotating electric machine commutates 781, the angular speed of rotating electric machine 76 is expanded to the gear set 782 of twice speed regulation, and the belt transmission group of connection main shaft 30 783, wherein rotating electric machine 76 is rotated by 90 °, then main shaft 30 rotates 180 °.
It should be noted that in the present invention, feeding groove 722 in material loading platform 721 it is horizontal upward when, it is manual or logical It crosses manipulator first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12 are placed on material loading platform automatically, therefore in no upper dress Before, the meeting of upper flitch 72 left and right is unbalance, by the cooperation of positioning ratchet wheel 74 and detent 75, avoids upper flitch 72 is unbalance from revolving Turn.
In addition, rotating in upper flitch 72, first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12 is made to be located at top vertical state When, one group of electromagnet 64 on mobile adsorbing mechanism 6 is moved to the first connecting rod workpiece 11 and is inhaled with second connecting rod workpiece 12 It is attached.
It further illustrates, one group of first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12 are completed to process on clamping disk 31 Afterwards, during reset, upper flitch 72 carries out rotation and is fed, and during rotation, passes through 78 band of regulating module Dynamic main shaft 30 is rotated, and the station on clamping disk 31 is switched over.
It is worth noting that, the inside of middle sleeve 77 of the present invention is rectangular card slot, main shaft 30 and sleeve 77 plug together one End is also rectangular setting, therefore when early sleeve 77 is rotated, 30 synchronous rotary of main shaft.
As shown in fig. 7, as a preferred embodiment, the cleaning agency 8 includes:
Hairbrush 81, the hairbrush 81 are symmetrical arranged, and rotary setting is in the installation riser 51, and around its axis direction It is placed equidistant with several brushing needles 811;
First belt drive component 82, first belt drive component 82 are set between the hairbrush 81, are driven 81 synchronous rotary of hairbrush;
Second belt drive component 83, second belt drive component 83 be sequentially connected any hairbrush 81 with it is described Driving motor 52.
It should be noted that during driving mechanism 5 drives mobile adsorbing mechanism 6 to carry out mobile loading and unloading, driving Mechanism 5 is rotated by the first belt drive component 82 and 83 synchronous drive hairbrush 81 of the second belt drive component, to processing platform 2 On iron filings cleaned, avoid iron filings from influencing machining accuracy, while extending the service life of system.
Embodiment 2:
Reference implementation example 1 describes a kind of automobile-used linkage assemblies full-automatic processing technique of the embodiment of the present invention two.
As shown in figure 21, a kind of automobile-used linkage assemblies full-automatic processing technique, comprising the following steps:
Step 1, feeding will be filled to by artificial or manipulator on first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12 In feeding groove 722, is adsorbed and fixed by the permanent magnetism stone 73 of 72 back side of upper flitch;
Step 2 rotates, after being attached to the upper flitch 72 on the first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12, by Rotating electric machine 76 drives rotation, synchronizes the first connecting rod workpiece 11 straight up, the rotation with second connecting rod workpiece 12 Rotating motor 76 drives clamping disk 31 to rotate, and makes the first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod that processing is completed on the clamping disk 31 Workpiece 12 carries out processing stations switching with the first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12 that do not processed;
Step 3, electromagnetic adsorption, make the first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12 straight up after, by driving Mechanism 5 drives electromagnet 64 to be respectively moved to 72 top of upper flitch on the clamping disk 31, is located at the upper flitch 72 The electromagnet 64 of top adsorbs first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12 in the upper flitch 72;
Step 4, unlock, after the electromagnet 64 adsorbs the first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12, clamping Vertical plate 3 drives the clamping disk 31 to move along the length direction of the first broaching tool 21 to unprocessed described on the clamping disk 31 One connecting rod workpiece 11 is processed with second connecting rod workpiece 12, synchronous, the driving mechanism 5 drives clamping mechanism 4 to described The first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12 that processing is completed on clamping disk 31, which release, to be fixed, and by being located at clamping disk Electromagnet 64 on 31 adsorbs the first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12 of completion processing;
Step 5, upper dress, the driving of driving mechanism 5 are located at the electromagnet 64 of 72 top of upper flitch and are located at clamping disk 31 On 64 synchronizing moving of electromagnet, the electromagnet 64 above upper flitch 72, which is moved in assembly disk 31, carries out next group first The upper dress of connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12, synchronous, processing is completed in the absorption of electromagnet 64 on clamping disk 31 First connecting rod workpiece 11 and 12 discharging of second connecting rod workpiece;
Step 6, locking, the driving mechanism 5 drive the clamping mechanism 4 to the be above filled on clamping disk 31 again One connecting rod workpiece 11 is clamped fixation with second connecting rod workpiece 12.
It should be noted that the present invention passes through one group of first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12 on clamping disk 31 While processing, feeding, upper dress and lock of the next group of undressed first connecting rod workpiece 11 with second connecting rod workpiece 12 are carried out Tightly, the synchronous unlock and discharging for carrying out one group of machined first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12, shortens processing While time, labor intensity is reduced.
It further illustrates, the present invention is in step 2, by the switching of the processing stations of clamping disk 31 and upper flitch 72 The rotation of upper feed switches, and links, and makes upper flitch 72 when carrying out feeding rotation switching, can share a power synchronous Drive the switching of processing stations on clamping disk 31.
The course of work:
When initial, clamping has two groups of first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12 on clamping disk 31, and wherein one group Processed, another group is not processed, after processing is completed at one group, clamping disk 31 along processing platform reset during, on Material mechanism 7 can rotate, and unprocessed one group of first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12 are rotated to vertical state, Upper dress is carried out for the mobile absorption of adsorbing mechanism 6, and in this course, feed mechanism 7 will drive clamping disk 31 and be rotated, Make unprocessed one group of first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12 and the one group of first connecting rod processed on clamping disk 31 Workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12 carry out the switching of station, the one group of first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod processed later After workpiece 12 can be released, unloaded from clamping disk 31 by the mobile absorption of adsorbing mechanism 6, while the supply of feed mechanism 7 is not One group of first connecting rod workpiece 11 of processing is enterprising to clamping disk 31 by mobile 6 mobilization of adsorbing mechanism with second connecting rod workpiece 12 Row feeding, later, driving mechanism 5 drive clamping mechanism 4 to carry out the first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12 of upper dress Fixed and synchronous, another group of first connecting rod workpiece 11 and second connecting rod workpiece 12 can be by systems on clamping disk 31 Original fluid pressure drive device, driving clamping vertical plate 3 is moved along the first broaching tool 21 and the second broaching tool 22, in moving process In, so that the first processing end face 111 and the second processing end face 121 and the first broaching tool 21 and the second broaching tool 22 is squeezed and is broached, forms tooth Face.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all in essence of the invention Made any modifications, equivalent replacements, and improvements etc., should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention within mind and principle.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of automobile-used linkage assemblies full-automatic processing system, to set of first connecting rod workpiece (11) and second connecting rod workpiece (12) extrusion friction processing is carried out, makes first on the first connecting rod workpiece (11) to process end face (111) and described second and connects The second processing end face (121) on bar workpiece (12) is respectively formed first flank of tooth (101) and second flank of tooth (102), and described first connects Bar workpiece (11) is semi-circular shape setting, and the second connecting rod workpiece (12) includes semi-circular shape portion (122), handle portion (123) With ring part (124), the semi-circular shape portion (122) is connected with ring part (124) by handle portion (123), the semicircle Ring part (122) and first connecting rod workpiece (11) corresponding matching, which is characterized in that the system includes:
Processing platform (2) is arranged in parallel with the first broaching tool (21) and the second broaching tool on processing platform (2) length direction (22);
Clamping vertical plate (3), the clamping vertical plate (3) is along the mobile setting of the processing platform (2) length direction, the clamping vertical plate (3) it is vertically arranged with the processing platform (2), is provided with the clamping disk (31) of relative rotation, the dress by main shaft (30) thereon Synchronous clamping first connecting rod workpiece (11) and second connecting rod workpiece (12) on chuck (31);
Clamping mechanism (4), the clamping mechanism (4) are set to the clamping vertical plate along the length direction of the processing platform (2) (3) side, with clamping vertical plate (3) synchronizing moving, and it is by the first connecting rod workpiece (11) and second connecting rod workpiece (12) it is fixed on the clamping vertical plate (3);
Driving mechanism (5), the driving mechanism (5) are set to the another of the clamping mechanism (4) relative to the clamping vertical plate (3) Side drives the clamping mechanism (4) to clamp the first connecting rod workpiece (11) and second connecting rod workpiece (12);
Mobile adsorbing mechanism (6), the mobile adsorbing mechanism (6) are set on the clamping vertical plate (3), pass through rack gear (61) By the mobile setting of width direction of processing platform (2) described in the driving mechanism (5) drives edge, and after one end absorption processing The first connecting rod workpiece (11) and second connecting rod workpiece (12) carry out blanking work, other end absorption unprocessed described the One connecting rod workpiece (11) and second connecting rod workpiece (12) carry out feeding work;
Feed mechanism (7), the feed mechanism (7) are set to the side of the processing platform (2), to the mobile adsorption machine Structure (6) supplies the unprocessed first connecting rod workpiece (11) and second connecting rod workpiece (12), and it passes through the main shaft (30) The clamping disk (31) is driven to carry out rotation switching;And
Cleaning agency (8), the cleaning agency (8) are set to the lower section of the driving mechanism (5), are located at first broaching tool (21) with the top of the second broaching tool (22), the first broaching tool (21) described in rotary cleaning and the is driven as the driving mechanism (5) Two broaching tools (22).
2. a kind of automobile-used linkage assemblies full-automatic processing system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described first draws The first teeth of several groups (211), edge and length direction on second broaching tool (22) are provided on knife (21) along its length The second teeth (221) of several groups Yu the first teeth (211) corresponding matching are provided with, and first teeth (211) add with first Work end face (111), the second processing end face (121) squeeze broaching and form first flank of tooth (101), second teeth (221) and first Process end face (111), second processing end face (121) extrusion friction formed second flank of tooth (102), first flank of tooth (101) with The corresponding occlusion of second flank of tooth (102).
3. a kind of automobile-used linkage assemblies full-automatic processing system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the clamping machine Structure (4) includes:
Turntable (41), parallel clamping disk (31) setting of the turntable (41), and its pass through with the clamping disk (31) it is described Main shaft (30) synchronous rotary;
First clamping assembly (42), first clamping assembly (42) are two groups, are divided into the both ends of the turntable (41), The fixed first connecting rod workpiece (11) and the semi-circular shape portion (122);And
Second clamping assembly (43), second clamping assembly (43) are two groups, are divided into the both ends of the turntable (41), The fixed ring part (124), and it is connected with corresponding first clamping assembly (42) by linking arm (44).
4. a kind of automobile-used linkage assemblies full-automatic processing system according to claim 3, which is characterized in that first dress Clip assembly (42) includes:
Fixed block (421), the fixed block (421) are slideably positioned on the turntable (41) perpendicular to the turntable (41), this is solid The one end for determining clamping disk (31) described in block (421) face is provided with and the first connecting rod workpiece (11), semi-circular shape portion (122) The carrier (4211) of corresponding matching, the carrier (4211) is corresponding with slot (311) on the clamping disk (31) to be plugged together, and Limit cover board (4222) is provided on the carrier (4211);
First guide rod (422), first guide rod (422) are symmetrically disposed on the two sides of the fixed block (421), are located at described Turntable (41) and is arranged with the first spring (423) backwards to the side of clamping disk (31) thereon, the fixed block (421) along this One guide rod (422) sliding squeezes first spring (423);
First screw rod (424), first screw rod (424) penetrate limit cover board (4222) rotary setting in the turntable (41) on, setting, and its being provided with backwards to clamping disk (31) are threadedly engaged with limit cover board (4222) piercing site First square block (4241), first screw rod (424) are threadedly engaged with the threaded hole (312) on the clamping disk (31) and connect;
Second screw rod (425), second screw rod (425) penetrate the fixed block (421) rotary setting in the turntable (41) On, be threadedly engaged setting with the fixed block (421) piercing site, and its backwards to clamping disk (31) to be provided with second rectangular Block (4251), first screw rod (424) are reversed with the threaded line direction of rotation on second screw rod (425), this Two screw rods (425) are threadedly engaged with the threaded hole (312) on the clamping disk (31) and connect;
It rotates loop bar (426), on turntable (41) described in rotation loop bar (426) rotary setting, is sheathed on the first spiral shell respectively On bar (424) and the second screw rod (425), and it is provided with and first square block (4241), the second square block (4251) The square groove (4261) of corresponding matching;And
It rotates gear (427), the rotation gear (427) is sheathed on the rotation loop bar (426), with the driving mechanism (5) corresponding matching, the driving mechanism (5) drive rotation loop bar (426) rotation.
5. a kind of automobile-used linkage assemblies full-automatic processing system according to claim 3, which is characterized in that second dress Clip assembly (43) includes:
Locating rod (431), the locating rod (431) are slideably positioned on the turntable (41), on the clamping disk (31) Card slot (313) correspondence plug together, and locating rod (431) end plugged together corresponding with the card slot (313) be chamfering be arranged;With And
Second guide rod (432), the parallel locating rod (431) of second guide rod (432) are fixed on the turntable (41), institute It states locating rod (431) to be sheathed on second guide rod (432) backwards to the side of clamping disk (31), and second guide rod (432) On be arranged with second spring (433).
6. a kind of automobile-used linkage assemblies full-automatic processing system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the driving machine Structure (5) includes:
Installation riser (51), parallel clamping vertical plate (3) setting of the installation riser (51);
Driving motor (52), the driving motor (52) are installed on the installation riser (51), the vertical institute of drive shaft (521) Installation riser (51) setting is stated, and is arranged with driving gear (522) in the drive shaft (521);
Cylinder (53), the cylinder (53) are installed on the installation riser (51), push the direction vertically installation riser (51) it is arranged, and it pushes and is provided with clutch gear (532) on end (531), engages with the driving gear (522);
Transmission component (54), the transmission component (54) is set on the installation riser (51), by the driving motor (52) in the power transmission to the mobile adsorbing mechanism (6) exported, drive the movement adsorbing mechanism (6) mobile.
7. a kind of automobile-used linkage assemblies full-automatic processing system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the mobile suction Random structure (6) further include:
Sliding rail (62), the sliding rail (62) are installed on the clamping vertical plate (3), are located at the top of the clamping disk (31);
Sliding block (63), the sliding block (63) are slideably positioned on the sliding rail (62), are equipped with the rack gear (61) thereon;And
Electromagnet (64), the electromagnet (64) are two groups, are divided into the both ends of the rack gear (61), which inhales The attached first connecting rod workpiece (11) and second connecting rod workpiece (12).
8. a kind of automobile-used linkage assemblies full-automatic processing system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the feeder Structure (7) includes:
Bracket (71);
Upper flitch (72), upper flitch (72) rotary setting is on the bracket (71) comprising rotates about axis direction Four groups of material loading platforms (721) being placed equidistant with, are provided on the material loading platform (721) and the first connecting rod workpiece (11), half The feeding groove (722) of the corresponding engaging in circular ring shape portion (122), and be provided with and the ring part (124) on the material loading platform (721) The positioning polished rod (723) of corresponding box set;
Permanent magnetism stone (73), equidistantly arrangement is set on the material loading platform (721) several permanent magnetism stones (73), the permanent magnetism stone (73) other side of the material loading platform (721) is set to relative to the feeding groove (722);
Positioning ratchet wheel (74), the positioning ratchet wheel (74) are sheathed in the rotary shaft of the upper flitch (72);
Detent (75), the detent (75) are set to the side of the positioning ratchet wheel (74), make the positioning spine Take turns (74) single direction rotation;
Rotating electric machine (76), the rotating electric machine (76) are set on the bracket (71), the rotation with the upper flitch (72) Shaft is connected by the connection type that belt is driven;And
Sleeve (77), sleeve (77) rotary setting is in the side of the main shaft (30), and main shaft (30) fitting, and leads to It crosses the main shaft (30) and drives clamping disk (31) rotation, and it is driven by regulating module (78) and the rotating electric machine (76) Connection.
9. a kind of automobile-used linkage assemblies full-automatic processing system according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the scavenging machine Structure (8) includes:
Hairbrush (81), the hairbrush (81) are symmetrical arranged, and rotary setting is on the installation riser (51), and around its axis side To being placed equidistant with several brushing needles (811);
First belt drive component (82), first belt drive component (82) are set between the hairbrush (81), band Move the hairbrush (81) synchronous rotary;
Second belt drive component (83), second belt drive component (83) are sequentially connected any hairbrush (81) and institute State driving motor (52).
10. a kind of automobile-used linkage assemblies full-automatic processing technique uses a kind of described in any item automobile-used companies of claim 1-9 Rod set part full-automatic processing system processes set of first connecting rod workpiece (11) and second connecting rod workpiece (12), which is characterized in that The following steps are included:
Step 1, feeding will be filled to by artificial or manipulator on first connecting rod workpiece (11) and second connecting rod workpiece (12) In feeding groove (722), is adsorbed and fixed by the permanent magnetism stone (73) of upper flitch (72) back side;
Step 2 rotates, after being attached to the upper flitch (72) on the first connecting rod workpiece (11) and second connecting rod workpiece (12), It is driven and is rotated by rotating electric machine (76), make the first connecting rod workpiece (11) and second connecting rod workpiece (12) straight up, it is synchronous , the rotating electric machine (76) drives clamping disk (31) rotation, makes the first connecting rod that processing is completed on the clamping disk (31) Workpiece (11) and second connecting rod workpiece (12) and the first connecting rod workpiece (11) that do not processed and second connecting rod workpiece (12) processing stations switching is carried out;
Step 3, electromagnetic adsorption, make the first connecting rod workpiece (11) and second connecting rod workpiece (12) straight up after, by driving Mechanism (5) drives electromagnet (64) to be respectively moved to above the upper flitch (72) and on the clamping disk (31), is located at described Electromagnet (64) above upper flitch (72) adsorbs first connecting rod workpiece (11) and second connecting rod work on the upper flitch (72) Part (12);
Step 4, unlock, after the electromagnet (64) adsorbs the first connecting rod workpiece (11) and second connecting rod workpiece (12), dress Framesticks (3) drives the clamping disk (31) mobile to not adding on the clamping disk (31) along the length direction of the first broaching tool (21) The first connecting rod workpiece (11) and the second connecting rod workpiece (12) of work are processed, synchronous, driving mechanism (5) driving Clamping mechanism (4) is to the first connecting rod workpiece (11) and second connecting rod workpiece (12) for completing processing on the clamping disk (31) It releases and fixes, and the electromagnet (64) by being located on clamping disk (31) adsorbs the first connecting rod workpiece (11) and the of completion processing Two connecting rod workpiece (12);
Step 5, upper dress, driving mechanism (5) driving are located at the electromagnet (64) above upper flitch (72) and are located at clamping disk (31) electromagnet (64) synchronizing moving on, it is enterprising that the electromagnet (64) above upper flitch (72) is moved to assembly disk (31) The upper dress of row next group of first connecting rod workpiece (11) and second connecting rod workpiece (12), synchronous, the electricity being located on clamping disk (31) First connecting rod workpiece (11) and second connecting rod workpiece (12) discharging of processing are completed in magnet (64) absorption;
Step 6, locking, the driving mechanism (5) drive the clamping mechanism (4) to being above filled on clamping disk (31) again First connecting rod workpiece (11) and second connecting rod workpiece (12) are clamped fixation.
CN201811292629.2A 2018-11-01 2018-11-01 A kind of automobile-used linkage assemblies full-automatic processing system and technique Active CN109513993B (en)

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CN110385491B (en) * 2019-06-17 2021-03-09 广东工业大学 Multi-station assembly line type connecting rod cracking groove linear cutting equipment
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CN201264116Y (en) * 2008-09-03 2009-07-01 陈萌 Tooth-broaching device of internal gear spiral multiple spline
CN201963710U (en) * 2011-01-10 2011-09-07 襄樊市长源东谷实业有限公司 Connecting rod with toothed Huff surface
CN206614313U (en) * 2017-02-05 2017-11-07 慈溪锐思曼自动化科技有限公司 Automatic loading and unloading device
CN206936500U (en) * 2017-05-23 2018-01-30 李达峰 A kind of mechanical numerical control is easy to remove the broaching machine of chip with broaching tool

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CN1406702A (en) * 2001-08-02 2003-04-02 胡先龙 Integral cylindrical gear extrapolation broach
CN201264116Y (en) * 2008-09-03 2009-07-01 陈萌 Tooth-broaching device of internal gear spiral multiple spline
CN201963710U (en) * 2011-01-10 2011-09-07 襄樊市长源东谷实业有限公司 Connecting rod with toothed Huff surface
CN206614313U (en) * 2017-02-05 2017-11-07 慈溪锐思曼自动化科技有限公司 Automatic loading and unloading device
CN206936500U (en) * 2017-05-23 2018-01-30 李达峰 A kind of mechanical numerical control is easy to remove the broaching machine of chip with broaching tool

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