A kind of building waste processing line and processing method
The present invention relates to building waste processing technology field, especially a kind of building waste processing line and processing method.
Building waste is primarily referred to as in Process of Urban Development, armored concrete caused by removal house, road maintenance etc.
Block, tile block etc.；With the continuous quickening of urbanization process, the generation of building waste and discharge quantity are also quickly increasing in city
It is long.People are while enjoying urban civilization, also by worry brought by municipal refuse.According to just slightly counting, China is present
Often it is only produced by construction and the building waste of discharge is just more than 100,000,000 tons, in addition construction and decoration, removal, building materials industry institute
The building waste quantity of generation is up to several hundred million tons.Therefore more and more building wastes how are handled and is utilized, have become
The important topic that governments at all levels and building waste unit are faced.
Building waste treatment industry in China's has possessed certain technology at present, and building waste after processing, timber, is moulded
Material, reinforcing bar etc. are sorted out to recycle, remaining concrete and brick and tile are crushed, sieved, clean after do building aggregate and sand,
For doing concrete or non-burning brick equal reconstituted products.
But there are three big outstanding problems for existing building technology of garbage disposal:
First is that not only yield is limited, but also the sewage generated in floatation process causes using the technique of washing flotation removal of impurities
Secondary pollution needs to handle again；
Second is that basic is using simple blowing, artificial pickup twice or three removal of impurities using non-washing flotation mode
Technique, the simple technique for blowing down sundries, the wind blown is big, will cause very big fugitive dust, especially in face of powder and fine crushing miscellaneous
In the case that object is more, it is easy that the composition that should be recycled in recycled product blows off out, reduces recovery utilization rate；It blows
Wind is small, will lead to that the processing of building waste sundries is not clean, and regenerated aggregate ingredient mixes, poor quality, regenerates coarse-fine aggregate application
The problems such as narrow range, regeneration manufactured goods type is few；
Third is that the market of building waste processing at present is generally without comprehensively and effectively environmental protection measure, it is often only several on production line
The simple deduster of platform constructed to spacious occasion truck discharging, forklift feeding, belt transport, dregs blanking, finished product windrow etc.
The fugitive dust of journey is let drift substantially；Cause construction site dust big also without effective control measure noise simultaneously, noise is super
Mark, environment are poor.
Summary of the invention
The main object of the present invention is to provide a kind of impurity that can reduce recycled product material to contain the shortcomings that overcoming the prior art
Amount guarantees regenerated aggregate quality, simplifies production technology, reduces production and operation cost, and dust emission and noise are completely up to standard to be built
Building refuse handles line and processing method.
The present invention adopts the following technical scheme:
A kind of building waste processing line, including charging gear, the primary breakup being arranged from front to back along process flow direction
Device, primary vibrating screen, positive pressure Winnowing impurity-removing device, artificial pick-up unit, transitional storehouse, two-stage crushing device and negative pressure wind blanking
Miscellaneous device passes through conveying device between each device and connects.
Further, the transitional storehouse is provided with independent upper bin gate, and transition warehouse discharging is connected to two by conveying device
Grade crushing device.
Further, the primary breakup device and two-stage crushing device are each configured with independent noise reduction room.
Further, Pre-sorting device is additionally provided with before the charging gear, Pre-sorting device is equipped with dust suppression fog gun.
Further, it is provided with primary deironing apparatus after the primary breakup device, is provided with two after two-stage crushing device
Grade deironing apparatus, primary deironing apparatus, second level deironing apparatus are respectively arranged at primary breakup device and the discharging of two-stage crushing device
Conveying device on.
Further, it is provided at least one level vibrating screen before and after the negative pressure Winnowing impurity-removing device, negative pressure wind blanking is miscellaneous
After the vibrating screen of device front end is set to second level deironing apparatus.
Further, the negative pressure Winnowing impurity-removing device is installed on the vibrating screen that its front end is arranged in.
Further, the vibrating screen rear end after the negative pressure Winnowing impurity-removing device is provided with for humidifying to reclaimed sand
The humidification system of processing, humidification system discharge end are connected to finished product bin or batch bin.
Further, the charging gear, crushing device at different levels, vibrating screen at different levels, exclusion device at different levels, conveying device and
Dust-extraction unit is correspondingly arranged at finished product bin, batch bin.
A kind of building waste processing method includes following below scheme from front to back:
1. after carrying out pre-sorting to material, being delivered to primary breakup device by charging gear and carrying out primary fragmentation；
It is screened out 2. being delivered to primary vibrating screen after primary fragmentation and carrying out dregs to material；
3. being delivered to positive pressure Winnowing impurity-removing device after dregs screens out carries out the removal of impurities of positive pressure selection by winnowing；
4. the material after the removal of impurities of positive pressure selection by winnowing is delivered to artificial pick-up unit and is manually picked up；
5. the material after manually picking up is delivered to transitional storehouse, material is delivered to two-stage crushing dress after screening in transitional storehouse
Set carry out second-time breakage；
6. the material after second-time breakage is after screening again by negative pressure Winnowing impurity-removing device to fine crushing frivolous miscellaneous in material
Object carries out negative-pressure adsorption separation, impurity removal；
7. by negative pressure wind blanking it is miscellaneous after be delivered to after humidification system is stirred humidification to material and send to finished product bin or match
By the above-mentioned description of this invention it is found that compared with prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
First, primary breakup device, primary vibrating screen, positive pressure Winnowing impurity-removing device, artificial pickup dress are arranged by front and back
Set, two-stage crushing device and negative pressure Winnowing impurity-removing device, successively carry out dregs screen out, positive pressure selection by winnowing, it is artificial pick up, negative pressure separation
Four impurity removal process；Blowing of the positive pressure selection by winnowing for sundries in the aniseed before two-stage crushing after primary breakup, fugitive dust is few, blows away
Useful materials are few；The removal of impurities that negative pressure isolation technics is applied to the recycled product material after two-stage crushing overcomes due to being negative-pressure adsorption
Caused by positive pressure wind the shortcomings that ' the big fugitive dust of wind wastes material, and wind is small except unclean ', in adsorbable removal recycled product material
The frivolous sundries fine crushing such as sawdust, the scraps of paper, fiber, utmostly reduce the impurity content of recycled product material, ensure that regeneration
Gather materials quality, to greatly expand the application range of regenerated aggregate；
Second, the production by the way that transitional storehouse is arranged between primary breakup device and two-stage crushing device, before and after transitional storehouse
Line can be completely independent operation, and primary stone material and suitable regenerative raw materials up to specification can directly be entered by transitional storehouse
To two-stage crushing device, to simplify production technology to the greatest extent, production and operation cost is reduced；
Third, the entire production line of the present invention configure different environmental protection facilities according to different operating condition properties, suppression have been respectively adopted
The modes such as dirt, dedusting, stirring humidification, sound insulation and noise reduction, to overcome, existing processing equipment operation dust is big, noise is big, environment
Big problem is influenced, whole line running environment is friendly, and dust emission and noise are completely up to standard.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the building waste processing cable architecture schematic diagram of the specific embodiment of the invention；
Fig. 2 is the building waste processing method flow chart of the specific embodiment of the invention.
In figure: 1. Pre-sorting devices, 2. charging gears, 3. primary breakup devices, 4. primary deironing apparatus, 5. primary vibrations
Sieve, 6. positive pressure Winnowing impurity-removing devices, 7. artificial pick-up units, 8. transitional storehouses, 9. two-stage crushing devices, 10. primary deironing apparatus,
11. secondary vibration is sieved, 12. three-level vibrating screens, 13. negative pressure Winnowing impurity-removing devices, 14. level Four vibrating screens, 15. humidification systems, and 16.
Dust suppression fog gun, 17. two-fluid dry fog dust falling systems, 18. first belt feeders, 19. second belt feeders, 20. third belt feeders, 21.
4th belt feeder, 22. the 5th belt feeders, 23. dregs storehouses, 24. the 6th belt feeders, 25. the 7th belt feeders, 26. the 8th belt feeders,
27. the 9th belt feeder, 28. oscillating feeders, 29. the tenth belt feeders, 30. the 11st belt feeders, 31. the 12nd belt feeders, 32.
13rd belt feeder, 33. the 14th belt feeders, 34. the 15th belt feeders, 35. the 16th belt feeders, 36. first two-way belts
Machine, 37. the 17th belt feeders, 38. the 18th belt feeders, 39. first vertical elevators, 40. first material distributing machines, 41. flow tanks,
42. the 19th belt feeder, 43. the 20th belt feeders, 44. the 21st belt feeders, 45. the 22nd belt feeders, 46. the 20th
Three belt feeders, 47. the 24th belt feeders, 48. the 25th belt feeders, 49. the 26th belt feeders, 50. second two-way skins
Band machine, 51. the 27th belt feeders, 52. third Bidirectional belt conveyors, 53. batch bin areas, 54. measuring belts, 55. gather materials conveying
Belt, 56. second vertical elevators, 57. second material distributing machines, 58. the 28th belt feeders, 59. third material distributing machines, 60. is primary
The noise reduction room of crushing device, 61. first sack cleaners, 62. second sack cleaners, 63. third sack cleaners, 64. 2
The noise reduction room of grade crushing device, 65. the 4th sack cleaners, 66. the 5th sack cleaners, 67. the 6th sack cleaners.
Below by way of specific embodiment, the invention will be further described.
Referring to Figures 1 and 2, a kind of building waste of the invention handles line, including along process flow direction from front to back according to
Pre-sorting device 1, charging gear 2, primary breakup device 3, primary deironing apparatus 4, the primary vibrating screen 5, positive pressure wind of secondary setting
Select exclusion device 6, artificial pick-up unit 7, transitional storehouse 8, two-stage crushing device 9, second level deironing apparatus 10, secondary vibration sieve 11,
Three-level vibrating screen 12, negative pressure Winnowing impurity-removing device 13, level Four vibrating screen 14, humidification system 15 and finished product bin and batch bin, respectively
It is connected between device by conveying device.Primary deironing apparatus 4, second level deironing apparatus 10 are respectively arranged at 3 and of primary breakup device
In the conveying device that two-stage crushing device 9 discharges；Negative pressure Winnowing impurity-removing device 13 is installed on three-level vibrating screen 12, for adsorbing
Remove the light weight sundries of 12 top layer's recycled product material of three-level vibrating screen；Positive pressure Winnowing impurity-removing device 6, negative pressure Winnowing impurity-removing device
It is respectively connected with sundries conveyor belt on 13 miscellaneous object outlet, and finally pools together；Transitional storehouse 8 is provided with independent feeding
Door；Humidification system 15 is respectively connected to finished product bin and batch bin by being set to the two-way belt of discharge end.
Pre-sorting device 1 is Pre-sorting workshop；Charging gear 2 uses oscillating feeder；Conveying device using belt feeder or
Elevator；Primary breakup device 3 uses jaw crusher, and two-stage crushing device 9 uses impact breaker；Primary vibrating screen 5
It is sieved using heavy dregs, secondary vibration sieve 11, three-level vibrating screen 12 use horizontal screening machine, and level Four vibrating screen 14 is using circle vibration
Sieve；Primary deironing apparatus 4, second level deironing apparatus 10 are permanent-magnet iron removing device.
Pre-sorting device 1 for building waste raw material bank up and pre-sorting, Pre-sorting device 1, which is equipped, efficiently prewets suppression
Cloud big gun 16；Charging gear 2, finished product bin, batch bin and dregs transportation windrow are equipped with two-fluid dry fog dust falling system 17；
Primary breakup device 3, two-stage crushing device 9, primary vibrating screen 5, secondary vibration sieve 11, three-level vibrating screen 12, level Four vibrating screen
14, pocket type pulsed dedusting is respectively connected at positive pressure Winnowing impurity-removing device 6, negative pressure Winnowing impurity-removing device 13 and corresponding conveying device
Primary breakup device 3 and two-stage crushing device 9 are each configured with independent noise reduction room, are provided in noise reduction room corresponding
Lifting apparatus for examination and repair.Primary breakup device 3, two-stage crushing device 9 and corresponding charging gear sink with taking formula designs, place
Below the ground level in Pre-sorting workshop 1.
Referring to Figures 1 and 2, a kind of building waste processing method of the invention, process flow are as follows:
Building waste raw material is stacked at raw material Pre-sorting workshop 1, and pre-sorting goes out the wood of bulk, big reinforcing bar to raw material herein
And the light weight sundries of bulk, by expecting charging gear 2 on forklift, the outlet of charging gear 2 is connected to just the raw material after pre-sorting
In the import of grade crushing device 3, the discharge port of primary breakup device 3 is connected to the tail portion receiving opening of the first belt feeder 18, the
The middle part of one belt feeder 18 is disposed with primary deironing apparatus 4, and 18 head discharge port of the first belt feeder is connected to primary vibrating screen 5
In import；The dregs of primary 5 lower layer of vibrating screen discharging is fallen on 19 tail portion receiving opening of the second belt feeder, and dregs is successively via third
Belt feeder 20, the 4th belt feeder 21, the 5th belt feeder 22 are transported to dregs storehouse 23 and carry out windrow, wherein the 5th belt feeder 22 is double
To rotating belt, making full use of for 23 heap material space of dregs storehouse ensure that；Upper layer discharging the 6th belt of connection of primary vibrating screen 5
The tail portion receiving opening of machine 24,24 head blanking port of the 6th belt feeder are connected with 6 feeding inlet of positive pressure Winnowing impurity-removing device；By positive pressure
After selection by winnowing, light weight sundries are collected in the 7th belt feeder 25, then are transferred to the 8th belt feeder 26, the 8th belt by the 7th belt feeder 25
26 head discharge port of machine with have and the screening plant that organic impurities and inorganic particle separate function can be connected, final lightweight
Foreign organic matter and inorganic particle are separately stacked in impurity storehouse；After positive pressure selection by winnowing, the regrown material of relative clean falls on the 9th
27 tail portion receiving opening of belt feeder, 27 head discharge port of the 9th belt feeder are connected with artificial pick-up unit 7, in artificial pick-up unit 7
The material in addition to sundries such as timber, reinforcing bar, rubber is further picked up, transitional storehouse 8 is entered, so far, the pervious processing line of transitional storehouse 8
For level-one crushing and screening line, it can be equipped with material-level measure and monitoring in transitional storehouse 8 with the mutually indepedent start and stop of subsequent processing line,
Facilitate the start and stop of control subsequent processing line；Meanwhile the upper bin gate of transitional storehouse 8 can be opened, and virgin materials and the conjunction of partial size are met
Thus suitable regrown material can directly be directly entered two-stage crushing device 9 and subsequent processing line, so as to simplify production
Process flow, maximized energy-saving and emission-reduction, scientific arrangement production；The bottom of transitional storehouse 8 is connected with the entrance of oscillating feeder 28,
The outlet of oscillating feeder 28 is connected with two-stage crushing device 9, and 9 discharge port of two-stage crushing device falls in the tail of the tenth belt feeder 29
Portion's receiving opening, material are transported to secondary vibration sieve 11 via the tenth belt feeder 29, the 11st belt feeder 30；Secondary vibration sieve 11 is set
It is equipped with 31.5mm, 25mm, 5mm three-layer screen, the material of 31.5mm or more is fallen on the 12nd belt feeder 31, the 12nd belt
31 head discharge port of machine is connected with 32 tail portion receiving opening of the 13rd belt feeder, and the 13rd belt feeder 32 breaks loopback of material to second level
Crushing device 9；The material of 25-31.5mm selects feed back as needed or enters next procedure, when production 0-31.5mm stablizes soil
Next process is entered when regenerated aggregate, the feed back when producing 5-25mm quotient and mixing regenerated aggregate；5-25mm material is directly entered
The material for needing to enter next procedure is sent to three-level vibrating screen 12 by next procedure, the 14th belt feeder 33；The regeneration of 0-5mm
Sand is aggregated in sieve the 15th belt feeder 34 of bottom, humidification system 15 is being transported to via the 16th belt feeder 35, after stirring humidifies
For blanking to the first Bidirectional belt conveyor 36, the first Bidirectional belt conveyor 36 1 connects the 17th belt feeder 37, the reclaimed sand after humidification
Ingredient sand warehouse is transported to via the 17th belt feeder 37 to bank up；First Bidirectional belt conveyor, 36 other end connects the 18th belt feeder
38,38 head discharge port of the 18th belt feeder connects the first vertical elevator 39, the first vertical elevator 39 outlet connection first
The direct heap of 0-5mm reclaimed sand is finally expected the storehouse finished product 2# by material distributing machine 40；One layer of 5mm sieve, three-level is arranged in three-level vibrating screen 12
12 tail end top of vibrating screen is provided with negative pressure Winnowing impurity-removing device 13, thin in 13 adsorbing separation material of negative pressure Winnowing impurity-removing device
Broken frivolous sundries, light weight sundries more fine crushing settle down in flow tank 41, and the 19th belt feeder 42 collects this lightweight at two
Sundries is transported to the 20th belt feeder 43,43 head blanking port of the 20th belt feeder and 26 tail portion receiving opening phase of the 8th belt feeder
Even；Material passes through three-level vibrating screen 12, and bottom 0-5mm material comes together in the 21st belt feeder 44, the 21st belt feeder 44
Head discharge port is connected with 45 tail portion receiving opening of the 22nd belt feeder, 45 head discharge port of the 22nd belt feeder and the 16th
Belt feeder 35 is connected；Material passes through three-level vibrating screen 12, and upper layer 5-25mm (or 31.5mm) material comes together in the 23rd belt
Machine 46,46 head blanking port of the 23rd belt feeder are connected with 14 feeding inlet of level Four vibrating screen；Level Four vibrating screen 14 is provided with
Two layers of sieve of 10mm, 25mm, when production 5-25mm quotient mixes regenerated aggregate, the material of 25mm or more falls on the 24th belt
On machine 47, it is connected at 47 head blanking port of the 24th belt feeder and the 48 tail portion material feeding of the 25th belt feeder, the 25th skin
It is connected at band 48 head blanking port of machine and the 31 tail portion material feeding of the 12nd belt feeder, is thus sent to 9 feed back of two-stage crushing device and breaks again
It is broken.At this point, 10-25mm gradating material is transported to the second Bidirectional belt conveyor 50, the second Bidirectional belt conveyor by the 26th belt feeder 49
50 conveying directions are ingredient 1# aggregate bin.5-10mm gradating material is transported to third Bidirectional belt conveyor by the 27th belt feeder 51
52,52 conveying direction of third Bidirectional belt conveyor is ingredient 3# aggregate bin.When production 0-31.5mm stablizes native regenerated aggregate, 10-
31.5mm gradating material is transported to the second Bidirectional belt conveyor 50,50 conveying direction of the second Bidirectional belt conveyor by the 26th belt feeder 49
For ingredient 2# aggregate bin.5-10mm gradating material is transported to third Bidirectional belt conveyor 52 by the 27th belt feeder 51, and third is two-way
52 conveying direction of belt feeder is ingredient 4# aggregate bin；In batch bin area 53, regenerates and be equipped with meter below sand warehouse and four aggregate bins
Belt 54 is measured, five 54 blanking ports of measuring belt come together in conveyor belt 55 of gathering materials, 55 head blanking port of conveyor belt of gathering materials
It is connected with the feeding inlet of the second vertical elevator 56.When production 5-25mm quotient mixes regenerated aggregate, the second vertical elevator 56
Discharge port is connected with the entrance of the second material distributing machine 57, and 5-25mm quotient is finally mixed regenerated aggregate and is deposited into the storehouse finished product 3#；Work as production
When 0-31.5mm stablizes native regenerated aggregate, the 58 tail portion receiving opening of discharge port and the 28th belt feeder of the second vertical elevator 55
It is connected, 58 head discharge port of the 28th belt feeder is connected with the entrance of third material distributing machine 59, and 0-31.5mm is finally stablized soil
Regenerated aggregate is deposited into the storehouse finished product 1#.
Environmental protection treatment line of the invention are as follows: dust suppression fog gun 16 is arranged in the middle part of Pre-sorting workshop, and rotatable spray dust-arrest covers
Cover entire raw material Pre-sorting workshop；Dry fog dust falling system 17 is arranged in 60 side of noise reduction room of primary breakup device, dry fog depositing dust
System 17 is responsible for carrying out atomizing de-dusting and humidification process to forklift feeding, dregs conveying and windrow, finished product batch bin blanking；It is primary
The noise reduction room 60 of crushing device wraps up entire primary breakup device 3；In the production line, all materials transit point is provided with negative pressure
Bag-type dusting point, the first sack cleaner 61 are used for the 3 discharge port dedusting of primary breakup device；Second sack cleaner 62 is for just
Dedusting at grade vibrating screen 5, positive pressure Winnowing impurity-removing device 6, artificial pick-up unit 7 and associated belt machine switching；Third pocket type removes
Dirt device 63 is used for the dedusting of transitional storehouse 8；The noise reduction room 64 of two-stage crushing device wraps up entire two-stage crushing device 9；4th pocket type
Deduster 65 is for the dedusting at the second crushing device 9 and associated belt machine switching；5th sack cleaner 66 shakes for second level
Dedusting at dynamic sieve 11, humidification system 15 and associated belt machine switching；6th sack cleaner 67 is used for three-level vibrating screen 12, bears
Press the dedusting at Winnowing impurity-removing device 13, flow tank 41, the 4th vibrating screen 14 and associated belt machine switching.
It above are only the specific embodiment of the present invention, but the design concept of the present invention is not limited to this, all benefits
It is made a non-material change to the present invention, should all be belonged to behavior that violates the scope of protection of the present invention with this design.