CN109465214A - A kind of pneumatic dedusting device of solar panel - Google Patents

A kind of pneumatic dedusting device of solar panel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109465214A
CN109465214A CN201811291903.4A CN201811291903A CN109465214A CN 109465214 A CN109465214 A CN 109465214A CN 201811291903 A CN201811291903 A CN 201811291903A CN 109465214 A CN109465214 A CN 109465214A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar panel
shafts
worm
straight bevel
guarantee
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811291903.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
丁茂轩
李钰
安文杰
董桂伟
石伟懿
金丙洋
Original Assignee
丁茂轩
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 丁茂轩 filed Critical 丁茂轩
Priority to CN201811291903.4A priority Critical patent/CN109465214A/en
Publication of CN109465214A publication Critical patent/CN109465214A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/001Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members characterised by the type of cleaning tool
    • B08B1/002Brushes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/008Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members using translating operative members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B13/00Accessories or details of general applicability for machines or apparatus for cleaning
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

A kind of pneumatic dedusting device of solar panel, belongs to solar panel field.It is made of solar panel, bracket, energy conversion system, transmission system and cleaning brush.Energy conversion system is oriented by empennage, mechanical energy is converted by wind-force by impeller, cleaning brush movement is driven by gear, worm gear, V belt translation again, solar battery plate surface is dusted, make full use of open topography it is windy can the characteristics of realize dedusting automation, improve solar panel generated energy.

Description

A kind of pneumatic dedusting device of solar panel
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of dust-extraction units of solar panel, belong to solar panel technology field.
Background technique
With the development of clean energy resource, solar panel is universal to come.But solar panel needs to be erected at open A large amount of dusts are accumulated in the open-air atmosphere of topography, on surface, dust reduces the hair of solar panel to the blocking of sunlight Electricity, it is therefore desirable to dust be cleared up in time.The dedusting technology of existing solar panel is roughly divided into two kinds: 1. artificial Dedusting needs to provide supporting point for cleaner, as unbearable at the top of fragile building (such as plastic greenhoues), and cleans The solar panel of high-rise side needs to provide the equipment such as lifting rope, and operation is inconvenient;2. dust removal with machine has special Sharp technology largely relies on motor drive dust-extraction unit, and electric power is typically from solar panel itself, then subtracting indirectly The final generated energy of solar panel is lacked.
Summary of the invention
In view of the above deficiencies, the present invention provides a kind of pneumatic dedusting devices of solar panel.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions: a kind of pneumatic dedusting device of solar panel, is by too Positive energy solar panel, bracket, energy conversion system, transmission system, cleaning brush composition, it is characterised in that:
The energy conversion system is made of impeller, empennage;
The transmission system is made of tooth transmission system with belt transmission system,
The tooth transmission system by a pair of of Straight Bevel Gear Drive, a pair of of worm-drive, shaft 1., shaft 2., upper housing, lower casing Body composition;Lower case is fixed on bracket, and 1. upper housing is axis connection by shaft with lower case, upper housing can be with respect to lower case It is 1. that 360 ° of axis progress is rotated freely with shaft;
Shaft 2. axis perpendicular to shaft 1. axis;
1. 2. the pair of Straight Bevel Gear Drive is engaged by straight bevel gear with straight bevel gear forms;2. impeller leads to shaft Cross key connection, 1. 2. straight bevel gear is connected by key with shaft, guarantee impeller, shaft 2., straight bevel gear 1. rotating Vortex, 2. rotated freely with shaft for axis;Empennage is fixed on upper housing, and 2. axis is parallel to each other with shaft for empennage axis, before empennage Smaller streamlined direction impeller is held, rear end is elongated, to guarantee that wind direction is divided along the level of practical wind direction in empennage rear end, before empennage The level of end and impeller in face of practical wind direction divides wind direction, to increase wind energy to the energy transformation ratio of mechanical energy and guarantee impeller It turns to unique;Impeller is right-hand screw, windward when rotate counterclockwise, then impeller, shaft 2., 1. straight bevel gear turns to as n1; 2. 1. straight bevel gear is connected by key with shaft, 1. worm screw is connected by key with shaft, guarantee straight bevel gear 2., shaft 1., worm screw rotating Vortex, turn to as n2;
The pair of worm-drive is made of worm and wheel, worm screw be it is left-handed, when worm steering be n2 when, worm gear is along the direction n3 Revolution;The V belt translation shares two, is located at the two sides of solar panel, by two bands, two driving pulleys, two Driven pulley, a driving pulley shaft, a driven pulley shaft composition, two of them driving pulley and driving pulley shaft Between be between key connection, worm gear and driving pulley shaft for key connection, guarantee worm gear, driving pulley shaft, two actives Belt wheel rotating Vortex turns to n3;Driving pulley shaft is fixed on solar panel upper end by axis connection;Driven pulley shaft Solar panel lower end is fixed on by axis connection;Driving pulley shaft axis and driven pulley shaft axis are parallel to each other; It is key connection between two driven pulleys and driven pulley shaft, guarantees driven pulley and driven pulley shaft rotating Vortex, Turn to same n3;The top surface plane of band is higher than the upper surface of solar panel, and the following table facial plane of band is lower than solar battery The lower surface of plate is to guarantee that solar panel will not hinder the transmission of band;
The cleaning brush both ends respectively with connect on the inside of the band of solar panel left and right ends and guarantee cleaning brush and the sun Energy solar panel top edge is parallel, and cleaning brush is synchronous with the movement of band, direction V4;The side that cleaning brush is contacted with solar panel Long a is less than the length c that connects with two sidebands of cleaning brush, to guarantee that cleaning brush will not hinder the transmission of band, region S be cleaning brush and The contact surface of band, cleaning brush and band are integrated the tensile strength to guarantee the region S, and cleaning brush selects transparent material to reduce to sun Light blocks.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: solar panel is typically mounted at the outdoor area without shade of open topography, herein It is general windy, make full use of wind-force as driving source of the invention, clean and environmental protection;Hair of the removal of dust to solar panel Electricity is obviously improved;The electric power generated using solar panel is avoided, improves final generated energy indirectly;Simple driver Structure can improve as far as possible the energy transformation ratio of wind energy to mechanical energy, and reduction can drive minimum wind intensity of the invention;Automatically Dirt is eliminated, the solar panel that can be used in the landform that manpower can not touch.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is energy stream cardon of the invention,
Fig. 2 is general structure schematic diagram of the invention,
Fig. 2 .1 is energy conversion system and tooth drive system structure rearview in Fig. 2 of the invention,
Fig. 2 .2 is energy conversion system and tooth drive system structure right view in Fig. 2 of the invention,
Fig. 3 is the partial cutaway front view of solar panel in Fig. 2 of the invention,
Fig. 4 is overall operation schematic diagram of the invention,
Fig. 4 .1 is wind direction of the invention and empennage relation schematic diagram,
Fig. 4 .2 is that energy conversion system and tooth transmission system of the invention run front view,
Fig. 4 .3 is that energy conversion system and tooth transmission system of the invention run right view,
Fig. 5 is the region M enlarged diagram in Fig. 3 of the invention.
In figure: 1 solar panel, 2 brackets, 3 impellers, 4 tooth transmission systems, 4.1 straight bevel gears, 4.2 shafts, 4.3 Worm screw, 4.4 worm gears, 4.5 upper housings, 4.6 lower cases, 5 belt transmission systems, 5.1 belt wheels, 5.1.1 driving pulley, 5.1.2 are driven Side length that belt wheel, 5.3 driving pulley wheel shafts, 5.4 driven pulley wheel shafts, 6 cleaning brushes, a cleaning brush are contacted with solar panel, C cleaning brush and the length of both sides band connection, the position of M cleaning brush and band connection, S cleaning brush and band the practical wind of contacting section, V To, V1 level divides wind direction, V2 that wind direction, n1 shaft is divided 2. to turn to vertically, 1. n2 shaft turns to, n3 driving pulley shaft turn to, V4 Cleaning brush and tape motion direction.
Specific embodiment
A kind of pneumatic dedusting device of solar panel, be by 1 solar panel, 2 brackets, A energy conversion system, B transmission system, 6 cleaning brushes composition, it is characterised in that: the A energy conversion system is made of 3 impellers, 7 empennages;The B transmission System is made of 4 tooth transmission systems with 5 belt transmission systems, 4 tooth transmission systems by 4.1 Straight Bevel Gear Drives 1., 4.1 straight-tooth cone Gear drive 2., 4.2 shafts 1., 4.2 shafts 2., 4.3 worm screws, 4.4 worm gears, 4.5 upper housings, 4.6 lower cases composition;5 bands pass The system of moving is by 5.1.1 driving pulley, 5.1.2 driven pulley, 5.2 bands, 5.3 driving pulley shafts, 5.4 driven pulley shaft groups It is taken at 5.2 that, 6 cleaning brush left and right ends are separately fixed at 1 solar panel both sides.
Rectangular coordinate system is established as shown in Figure 4,
Assuming that the V1 level of the practical wind direction of V divides wind direction along negative direction of the x-axis,
The rotation of 4.5 upper housings makes 7 empennage rear ends equally along negative direction of the x-axis, and rotation converts wind energy into 3 impellers counterclockwise windward Mechanical energy;
3 impellers drive 4.2 shafts 2. with 4.1 straight bevel gears 1., then 4.2 shafts and 4.1 straight bevel gears are 1. the same as turning to n1;
1. 2. 4.1 straight bevel gears drive 4.1 straight bevel gears, 2. that 4.1 straight bevel gear turns to n2;
4.1 straight bevel gears 2. drive 4.2 shafts 1. with 4.3 worm screws, so 4.2 shafts 1., 4.3 worm steering n2;
4.3 worm screws drive 4.4 worm gears, and 4.4 worm gears turn to n3;
4.4 worm gears drive 5.3 driving pulley shafts and two 5.1.1 driving pulleys, turn to n3;
It is V4 that so two 5.1.1 driving pulleys, which drive two 5.1.2 driven pulleys and two 5.2 tape motion directions,;
6 cleaning brushes are moved with 5.2 bands, direction V4;
After the sunny slope for realizing inswept 1 solar panel of 6 cleaning brushes, the 5.2 of opaco is followed to bring back to 1 solar panel Top, realize a working cycles.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of pneumatic dedusting device of solar panel is by 1 solar panel, 2 brackets, A energy conversion system, B Transmission system, 6 cleaning brushes composition, it is characterised in that: the energy conversion system is made of 3 impellers, 7 empennages;The B power train System be made of 4 tooth transmission systems with 5 belt transmission systems, 4 tooth transmission systems by 4.1 straight bevel gears 1., 4.1 straight bevel gears 2., 4.2 shafts 1., 4.2 shafts 2., 4.3 worm screws, 4.4 worm gears, 4.5 upper housings, 4.6 lower cases composition, 4.5 upper housings and 4.6 1. axis connection, 4.6 lower cases are fixed on 2 brackets lower case by 4.2 shafts, 4.5 upper housings can with respect to 4.6 lower cases with 1. 4.2 shafts rotate freely for axis;4.2 shafts 2. axis perpendicular to shaft 1. axis;2. 3 impellers and 4.2 shafts are connected by key Connect, 1. 2. 4.1 straight bevel gears are connected by key with 4.2 shafts, guarantee 3 impellers, 4.2 shafts 2., 4.1 straight bevel gears it is 1. same To rotation, 3 impellers are right-hand screw, windward when rotate counterclockwise, then 3 impellers, 4.2 shafts 2., 1. 4.1 straight bevel gears turn to It is all n1;7 empennages are fixed on upper casing external surface, and 2. axis is parallel to each other with 4.2 shafts for 7 empennage axis, and 7 empennage front ends are smaller Streamlined direction impeller, 7 empennage rear ends are elongated, in conjunction with rotating freely to guarantee 7 empennage rear ends along V reality for 4.5 upper housings The V1 level of border wind direction divides wind direction, and 7 empennage front ends and 3 impellers divide wind direction in face of the V1 level of the practical wind direction of V forever, to the greatest extent may be used Wind energy can be increased to the energy transformation ratio of mechanical energy to guarantee that the steering of 3 impellers is unique, i.e. n1;4.1 straight bevel gears are 2. with 4.2 1. shaft is connected by key, 1. 4.3 worm screws are connected by key with 4.2 shafts, guarantee 4.1 straight bevel gears 2., 4.2 shafts 1., 4.3 worm screw rotating Vortexes, turn to as n2;1. 2. 4.1 straight bevel gears are engaged with 4.1 straight bevel gears as a pair of of straight bevel gear Transmission, 4.3 worm screws engages with 4.4 worm gears as a pair of of worm-drive, 4.3 worm screws be it is left-handed, when 4.3 worm steerings is n2, 4.4 worm gears are turned round along the direction n3;5 belt transmission system shares two, the two sides of 1 solar panel is located at, by two Item 5.2 with, two 5.1.1 driving pulleys, two 5.1.2 driven pulleys, a 5.3 driving pulley shafts, 5.4 driven belts Shaft composition is taken turns, is key connection, 4.4 worm gears and 5.3 between two of them 5.1.1 driving pulley and 5.3 driving pulley shafts It is key connection between driving pulley shaft, guarantees that 4.4 worm gears, 5.3 driving pulley shafts, two 5.1.1 driving pulleys revolve in the same direction Turn, turns to as n3;5.3 driving pulley shafts are fixed on 1 solar panel upper end by axis connection;5.4 driven pulley shafts 1 solar panel lower end is fixed on by axis connection;It is between two 5.1.2 driven pulleys and 5.4 driven pulley shafts Key connection guarantees 5.1.2 driven pulley and 5.4 driven pulley shaft rotating Vortexes;5.1.1 driving pulley drives 5.2 bands along V4 Direction movement;The top surface plane of 5.2 bands is higher than the upper surface of 1 solar panel, and the following table facial plane of 5.2 bands is too lower than 1 The lower surface of positive energy solar panel, to guarantee that 1 solar panel will not hinder the operation of 5 V belt translations;6 cleaning brush left and right ends point It does not connect on the medial surface of 5.2 bands of 1 solar panel two sides and guarantees that 6 clean whole and 1 solar panel top edge In parallel;5.2 bands drive 6 cleaning brushes to move together along the direction V4, after the sunny slope of 6 cleaning brushes are inswept 1 solar panel, around It crosses 5.1.2 driven pulley and follows the 5.2 of the 1 solar panel opaco top for bringing back to 1 solar panel, realize one Working cycles.
2. the pneumatic dedusting device of solar panel according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: 6 cleaning brushes and 1 sun The long a on the side of energy solar panel contact will not be hindered less than the connection length c of the side of 2 cleaning brushes and two sidebands with 6 cleaning brushes of guarantee Hinder the transmission of 5.2 bands;Region S is the contact surface of cleaning brush and band, and 6 cleaning brushes and 5.2 bands are integrated part to guarantee the region S Tensile strength;6 cleaning brush elements select transparent material to block to reduce to sunlight, improve what 1 solar panel received Amount of sunlight.
CN201811291903.4A 2018-10-31 2018-10-31 A kind of pneumatic dedusting device of solar panel Pending CN109465214A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811291903.4A CN109465214A (en) 2018-10-31 2018-10-31 A kind of pneumatic dedusting device of solar panel

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811291903.4A CN109465214A (en) 2018-10-31 2018-10-31 A kind of pneumatic dedusting device of solar panel

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109465214A true CN109465214A (en) 2019-03-15

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110369343A (en) * 2019-06-25 2019-10-25 安徽理工大学 Solar panel dust-extraction unit
CN112753673A (en) * 2021-01-06 2021-05-07 黑龙江省农业科学院黑河分院 A bugZapper for soybean pest control

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2068156U (en) * 1989-10-31 1990-12-26 焦作市修武县通用机械厂 Windmill generator
CN102189086A (en) * 2011-04-02 2011-09-21 唐山市拓又达科技有限公司 Automatic dedusting device for solar cell plate
CN103557619A (en) * 2013-10-16 2014-02-05 清华大学 Horizontal shaft stirring wind power heating device automatically adjusting wind direction
CN107413685A (en) * 2017-04-20 2017-12-01 安徽省安泰科技股份有限公司 A kind of self-cleaning device of solar energy photovoltaic panel
CN107694978A (en) * 2017-11-24 2018-02-16 福建卓翼能源科技发展有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic electric board cleaning device
CN207691718U (en) * 2017-11-13 2018-08-03 泉州市泉港凯威信息技术咨询有限公司 A kind of wind-photovoltaic complementary power supply system for urban wastewater treatment device

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2068156U (en) * 1989-10-31 1990-12-26 焦作市修武县通用机械厂 Windmill generator
CN102189086A (en) * 2011-04-02 2011-09-21 唐山市拓又达科技有限公司 Automatic dedusting device for solar cell plate
CN103557619A (en) * 2013-10-16 2014-02-05 清华大学 Horizontal shaft stirring wind power heating device automatically adjusting wind direction
CN107413685A (en) * 2017-04-20 2017-12-01 安徽省安泰科技股份有限公司 A kind of self-cleaning device of solar energy photovoltaic panel
CN207691718U (en) * 2017-11-13 2018-08-03 泉州市泉港凯威信息技术咨询有限公司 A kind of wind-photovoltaic complementary power supply system for urban wastewater treatment device
CN107694978A (en) * 2017-11-24 2018-02-16 福建卓翼能源科技发展有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic electric board cleaning device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110369343A (en) * 2019-06-25 2019-10-25 安徽理工大学 Solar panel dust-extraction unit
CN112753673A (en) * 2021-01-06 2021-05-07 黑龙江省农业科学院黑河分院 A bugZapper for soybean pest control

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Application publication date: 20190315

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