CN109443458A - A kind of concave arc shape double fluid is to mean velocity tube flowmeter - Google Patents

A kind of concave arc shape double fluid is to mean velocity tube flowmeter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109443458A
CN109443458A CN201811323325.8A CN201811323325A CN109443458A CN 109443458 A CN109443458 A CN 109443458A CN 201811323325 A CN201811323325 A CN 201811323325A CN 109443458 A CN109443458 A CN 109443458A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tube
pressure
static
concave arc
flowmeter
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Pending
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CN201811323325.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张涛
张景丽
陈增辉
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TIANDA TAIHE AUTOCONTROL INSTRUMENT AND METER TECHNOLOGY CO LTD TIANJIN CITY
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TIANDA TAIHE AUTOCONTROL INSTRUMENT AND METER TECHNOLOGY CO LTD TIANJIN CITY
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Application filed by TIANDA TAIHE AUTOCONTROL INSTRUMENT AND METER TECHNOLOGY CO LTD TIANJIN CITY filed Critical TIANDA TAIHE AUTOCONTROL INSTRUMENT AND METER TECHNOLOGY CO LTD TIANJIN CITY
Priority to CN201811323325.8A priority Critical patent/CN109443458A/en
Publication of CN109443458A publication Critical patent/CN109443458A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01FMEASURING VOLUME, VOLUME FLOW, MASS FLOW OR LIQUID LEVEL; METERING BY VOLUME
    • G01F1/00Measuring the volume flow or mass flow of fluid or fluent solid material wherein the fluid passes through the meter in a continuous flow
    • G01F1/05Measuring the volume flow or mass flow of fluid or fluent solid material wherein the fluid passes through the meter in a continuous flow by using mechanical effects
    • G01F1/34Measuring the volume flow or mass flow of fluid or fluent solid material wherein the fluid passes through the meter in a continuous flow by using mechanical effects by measuring pressure or differential pressure
    • G01F1/36Measuring the volume flow or mass flow of fluid or fluent solid material wherein the fluid passes through the meter in a continuous flow by using mechanical effects by measuring pressure or differential pressure the pressure or differential pressure being created by the use of flow constriction

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of concave arc shape double fluids to mean velocity tube flowmeter, including the detection bar being diametrically inserted into measurement pipeline, the stagnation pressure tube and static tube that are arranged in detection bar, stagnation pressure tube is located at fluoran stream surface, static tube is located at lee side, the fluoran stream surface and lee side of detection bar are provided with pitot hole and static pressure hole, all pitot holes are connected with stagnation pressure tube, draw average total pressure p from stagnation pressure tube;All static pressure holes are communicated with static tube, draw static pressure p from static tube;The difference of the stagnation pressure p and static pressure p measured is utilized to obtain the size of mean flow rate on pipeline section, which is characterized in that for the cross sectional shape of detection bar similar to diamond shape, four sides are concave arc shape, and fluoran stream surface and lee side are convex, and the side of the concave arc shape place that connects is streamlined.The present invention can effectively improve the output differential pressure of mean velocity tube flowmeter, promote the precision of even speed tube low discharge measurement.

Description

A kind of concave arc shape double fluid is to mean velocity tube flowmeter
Technical field
The present invention relates to mean velocity tube flowmeters.
Background technique
Mean velocity tube flowmeter as one of plug-in type flow instrument (foreign countries claim Annubar, Verabar, Probar etc.) It is a kind of differential pressure flowmeter to be grown up based on Pitot tube measuring principle in the later period sixties.With traditional flow sensors ratio, Mean velocity tube flowmeter because the advantage that its structure is simple, easy for assemble or unload, the pressure loss is small, at low cost be widely used in electric power, In the flow measurement of the industries large diameter pipeline such as metallurgy, petrochemical industry.It has many advantages, such as following:
(1) have a wide range of application.Mean velocity tube flowmeter can be used for the flow measurement of all fluids without solid particle;It is applicable in Pipe diameter wider range, minimum diameter is up to 25mm, and maximum gauge is up to 9m;It is (such as rectangular that irregular pipeline can be measured Or rectangular duct) flow.
(2) mean velocity tube flowmeter structure is simple, light-weight, and installation dismantles, is easy to maintenance, it can be achieved that the dismounting that do not stop, system It makes at low cost.
(3) pressure loss is small, energy saving.The irrecoverable pressure loss of mean velocity tube flowmeter only account for its export differential pressure 2~ Hereinafter, considerably reducing power consumption, energy-saving effect is significant for 15%, only the 5% of orifice plate.
(4) accuracy long-time stability are good.Mean velocity tube flowmeter is without movable and easy-abrasion part, when caliber is greater than When 300mm, accuracy can reach ± 1%, and stability is ± 0.1%, the practical requirement of general satisfaction.
Mean velocity tube flowmeter is plug-in type differential pressure flow transducer, and detection bar cross section circumscribed circle diameter is much smaller than pipeline Cross-sectional diameter causes it to export differential pressure smaller, and generates fluctuation vulnerable to the influence of detection bar downstream vortex, makes average rate pipeline Property degree, repeatability are difficult to improve.Therefore since mean velocity tube flowmeter comes out, scientific research personnel has been devoted to its cross sectional shape Research improves the performance indicators such as its linearity, repeatability to increase mean velocity tube flowmeter output differential pressure.Currently, most widely used Have 4 kinds of even speed tube cross sectional shapes: circle, diamond shape, Delta shape and bullet-headed.
(a) round: earliest even speed tube detection bar cross sectional shape found fluid in reynolds number Re < 10 later5When, it is cut in circle Burble point is 78 ° on face;And Re > 106When, burble point will turn into 130 °, when Re is in 105~106Between when, burble point is not true It is fixed, thus draw the deviation that discharge coefficient has nearly ± 10%.
(b) diamond shape: being released for 1978 by DSI company, the U.S., and there are sharp edge, fluids to flow around them for detection bar cross section When, burble point is fixed on sharp edge.Mainly solve point of flow separation variation issue existing for round mean velocity tube flowmeter, it can To obtain higher differential pressure, but its repeatability is less desirable.
(c) Delta shape is released by German Cisco System Co., and performance is not much different with diamond shape even speed tube, what burble point was fixed Meanwhile even speed tube stream field itself also produces larger impact, there is exercise intensity in region downstream and scale is all biggish Whirlpool is affected by it, and even speed tube differential pressure fluctuation is larger, and repeatability is affected, and the linearity is also difficult to increase again.
(d) bullet-headed, it is released by Veris company, the U.S. within 1992, referred to as Verbar.Verbar is in its bullet front-end table Coarse processing has been done in face, improves its accuracy of measurement.It is bullet-shaped to use fairshaped cross sectional shape, reduce even speed tube stream field Influence, the linearity increases.The position of static pressure point but makes its output differential pressure relatively low with respect to other types even speed tube many, shadow Its measurement effect in low-density, low flow velocity is rung.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is provide novel section a kind of according to the rule that interacts between even speed tube cross sectional shape and flow field Face shape even speed tube is named as concave arc shape double fluid to mean velocity tube flowmeter.The present invention can effectively improve mean velocity tube flowmeter Differential pressure is exported, the precision of even speed tube low discharge measurement is promoted, to expand the application range of differential pressure flowmeter.The present invention takes Following technical scheme:
A kind of concave arc shape double fluid exists including the detection bar be diametrically inserted into measurement pipeline, setting to mean velocity tube flowmeter Stagnation pressure tube and static tube in detection bar, stagnation pressure tube are located at fluoran stream surface, and static tube is located at lee side, detection bar fluoran stream surface and Lee side is provided with pitot hole and static pressure hole, and all pitot holes are connected with stagnation pressure tube, draws average total pressure p from stagnation pressure tube; All static pressure holes are communicated with static tube, draw static pressure p from static tube;Reflect pipeline using the difference of the stagnation pressure p and static pressure p measured The size of mean flow rate on section, which is characterized in that the cross sectional shape of detection bar is concave arc shape similar to diamond shape, four sides, meets stream Face and lee side are convex, and the side of the concave arc shape place that connects is streamlined.
Preferably, in the case where meeting processing technology requirement, the curvature on each concave arc shape side is the bigger the better.According to right It is required that flowmeter described in 1, which is characterized in that the concave arc radius (R1) and detection bar circumscribed circle diameter (L1) on each concave arc shape side Ratio control 0.25~3.The described flowmeter bilateral symmetry, stagnation pressure tube and static tube can exchange, with realize double fluid to Flow measurement.
The present invention has the advantage that compared with prior art due to taking above technical scheme
(1) it is mutually tied according to Fluid Mechanics Computation emulation and even speed tube working principle, the analysis of pressure port ways of measure pressure scheduling theory The method of conjunction, the influence from flow field development mechanism angle research detection bar cross sectional shape to even speed tube stagnation pressure, static pressure, to realize Structure optimization of the concave arc shape double fluid to mean velocity tube flowmeter cross sectional shape.Within the scope of biggish measuring water flow, concave arc shape Double fluid can export larger and stable differential pressure to mean velocity tube flowmeter, 2~3 times high than tradition even speed tube structure, and flow Measurement reproducibility, the linearity are preferable, can reach ± (1~2) %, therefore significantly improve the precision of flow measurement.
(2) for concave arc shape double fluid to mean velocity tube flowmeter symmetrical configuration, pitot hole is consistent with static pressure hole ways of measure pressure, and only needs It arranges in pairs or groups a differential pressure transmitter, so that it may realize that the double fluid of fluid to measurement, can reduce the measurement cost of mean velocity tube flowmeter.
(3) for concave arc shape double fluid to mean velocity tube flowmeter without movable member, general profile, symmetrical junction is can be used in whole components Structure design, installation, maintenance is convenient, it can be achieved that the dismounting that do not stop, economic cost generally is lower, and will not generate any form Waste of material.
(4) due to the simplicity of structure and the standard universal of all components, concave arc shape double fluid is to mean velocity tube flowmeter Structural parameters can carry out analytical calculation by existing business finite element analysis software, so as to facilitate engineers and technicians' root According to different actual requirement of engineering, flexible choice Different structural parameters value optimizes the device.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is current widely used 4 kinds of even speed tubes cross sectional shape figure.
Fig. 2 is that concave arc shape double fluid of the invention is (right to mean velocity tube flowmeter structure (left figure) and cross sectional shape schematic diagram Figure).
Figure label explanation: 1 measurement pipeline;2 detection bars;3 stagnation pressure tubes;4 static tubes;5 pitot holes;6 static pressure holes;D detection Pole length;L1 detection bar circumscribed circle diameter;R1 concave arc radius;R2 convex arc radius;L2 convex arc width;T berm width;Δ L pressure Pitch-row.
It is wherein customized: to indicate that the segment structure is straight flange when R1=0.
Fig. 3 is concave arc shape double fluid of the invention to mean velocity tube flowmeter pressure port position view.
Figure label explanation: r1The first pair of distance of pressure port center away from pipeline center;r2Second pair of pressure port center is away from pipe The distance at road center;R measures pipeline inside radius.
Fig. 4 is the velocity simulation cloud atlas that detection bar influences measurement pipeline interior flow field.
Fig. 5-Fig. 7 is the simulation result comparison diagram that different detection bar cross sectional shapes generate differential pressure signal.
Fig. 8 is the emulation data and measured data pair of concave arc shape double fluid of the invention to mean velocity tube flowmeter at DN200 Than figure.
Fig. 9 is that concave arc shape double fluid of the invention is tied to mean velocity tube flowmeter and the calibration of diamond shape mean velocity tube flowmeter static test Fruit comparison diagram.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
As shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3, concave arc shape double fluid of the invention is to mean velocity tube flowmeter, is by detection bar 2, stagnation pressure tube 3, quiet The differential pressure device that pressure pipe 4, pitot hole 5 and static pressure hole 6 form.Concave arc shape double fluid is one to mean velocity tube flowmeter and is diametrically inserted into Hollow metal bar, that is, detection bar 2 in pipeline is measured, meeting stream direction at it has pairs of pitot hole 5 to measure stagnation pressure, all stagnation pressures Hole 5 is connected with stagnation pressure tube 3, draws average total pressure p from 3 top of stagnation pressure tube1.2 lee side of detection bar have measurement static pressure at It to static pressure hole 6, is communicated with static tube 4, draws static pressure p from the top of static tube 42.Concave arc shape double fluid is sharp to mean velocity tube flowmeter With the stagnation pressure p measured1With static pressure p2Difference reflection pipeline section on mean flow rate size.
According to Bernoulli equation, ignores the factors such as frictional resistance, fluid height difference, then have
In formula: ρ-fluid density, (kg/m3);v1Flow velocity at-pitot hole 5, (m/s);p1It is quiet at-pitot hole 5 Pressure, (Pa);v2Flow velocity at-static pressure hole 6, (m/s);p2Static pressure at-static pressure hole 6, (Pa).
Potential energy is converted to the kinetic energy of 5 internal flow of pitot hole of mean velocity tube flowmeter in concave arc shape double fluid, therefore fluid Basic stagnation, i.e. dynamic pressure are 0, therefore v1=0, formula (1) can simplify for
Wherein: Δ p=p1-p2
In formula: Δ p-differential pressure, pa (Pa);K is instrument coefficient,For the mean flow rate (m/s) of fluid.
If indicated with volume flow and mass flow, basic flow meter of the concave arc shape double fluid to mean velocity tube flowmeter Calculating formula is
qm=qvρ (5)
In formula: qvThe volume flow of-fluid, (m3/s);qmThe mass flow of-fluid, (kg/s);
Flow velocity coefficient of expansion when fluid flows through detection bar 2 under ε-working condition, for Incoercibility fluid:
ε=1;For compressible fluid: ε < 1;1 inner section area of pipeline, (m are measured under A-working condition2)。
The ways of measure pressure scheduling theory of working principle, pitot hole and static pressure hole based on mean velocity tube flowmeter is analyzed, using meter Fluid operator Mechanics Simulation (CFD) method, influence of the research detection bar cross sectional shape to measurement pipeline interior flow field and differential pressure signal. As shown in table 1, different Fluid Mechanics Computation simulation models is obtained by changing each structural parameters on concave arc shape detection bar section, Flow field simulation is carried out to each model and extracts in detection bar stagnation pressure and static pressure to calculate differential pressure value.As shown in figure 4, each by analysis Concave arc shape detects the flow field velocity cloud atlas that rod model generates inside measurement pipeline, shows the detection bar under same measurement caliber Circumscribed circle diameter L1 is bigger, and in the thicker phenomenon in the boundary layer that detection bar downstream generates, the differential pressure value accordingly obtained is bigger.Such as figure 5, shown in Fig. 6, Fig. 7 simulation result, the size of each structural parameters concave arc radius R1 is to differential pressure value on concave arc shape detection bar section Influence specific gravity highest, other parameters such as detection pole length D, convex arc radius R2, convex arc width L2, berm width t and pressure port Influence away from Δ L to differential pressure value is smaller, can be adjusted accordingly according to actual use operating condition and processing technology level.
The present invention is as shown in table 2 according to the preferable static test calibration result that the structural parameters of model 7 obtain, biggish Range ability internal difference is pressed with apparent increase, reaches 65Kpa or more under 5m/s fluid flow rate;Flow measurement repeatability, the linearity Preferably, within 0.5%, the efflux coefficient linearity reaches within 2% repeatability.Emulation data are compared with measured data,
As shown in figure 8, the two is not much different, Fluid Mechanics Computation emulation and even speed tube working principle are utilized to demonstrate The accuracy for the research method that scheduling theory analysis combines.
As shown in figure 9, same measurement caliber, same detection bar circumscribed circle diameter are based on, by the present invention and diamond shape flowmeter Calibration result under identical water flow static test compares.Under same flow velocity, output difference of the invention, which is pressed with, obviously to be mentioned Height, therefore the present invention has apparent measurement advantage, the especially measurement to small flow is improved in biggish flow measurement range Precision produces bigger effect.
The different concave arc shape detection bar cross sectional shape simulation models of table 1
2 concave arc shape double fluid of table is to mean velocity tube flowmeter in DN100 water flow nominal data

Claims (4)

1. a kind of concave arc shape double fluid is to mean velocity tube flowmeter, including being diametrically inserted into the detection bar measured in pipeline, setting is being examined Stagnation pressure tube and static tube in measuring staff, stagnation pressure tube are located at fluoran stream surface, and static tube is located at lee side, in the fluoran stream surface and back of detection bar Stream interface is provided with pitot hole and static pressure hole, and all pitot holes are connected with stagnation pressure tube, draws average total pressure p from stagnation pressure tube;Institute Some static pressure holes are communicated with static tube, draw static pressure p from static tube;Pipeline is obtained using the difference of the stagnation pressure p and static pressure p measured to cut The size of mean flow rate on face, which is characterized in that for the cross sectional shape of detection bar similar to diamond shape, four sides are concave arc shape, fluoran stream surface It is convex with lee side, the side of the concave arc shape place that connects is streamlined.
2. flowmeter according to claim 1, which is characterized in that each recessed in the case where meeting processing technology requirement The curvature of arc-shaped side is the bigger the better.
3. flowmeter according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the concave arc radius (R1) and detection bar on each concave arc shape side The Ratio control of circumscribed circle diameter (L1) is 0.25~3.
4. flowmeter according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the flowmeter bilateral symmetry, stagnation pressure tube and static pressure Pipe can exchange, to realize double fluid to flow measurement.
CN201811323325.8A 2018-11-08 2018-11-08 A kind of concave arc shape double fluid is to mean velocity tube flowmeter Pending CN109443458A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112697212A (en) * 2020-12-11 2021-04-23 浙江大学 Secondary air measuring device based on full/static pressure sampling tube interchange and soft measurement technology

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112697212A (en) * 2020-12-11 2021-04-23 浙江大学 Secondary air measuring device based on full/static pressure sampling tube interchange and soft measurement technology

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