CN109339354B - Current collection photovoltaic tile, connection structure, roof structure and roof construction method - Google Patents

Current collection photovoltaic tile, connection structure, roof structure and roof construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109339354B
CN109339354B CN201811426131.0A CN201811426131A CN109339354B CN 109339354 B CN109339354 B CN 109339354B CN 201811426131 A CN201811426131 A CN 201811426131A CN 109339354 B CN109339354 B CN 109339354B
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groove
tile
layer
reinforcing
grooves
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CN109339354A (en
Inventor
郑秋锁
方虎
叶莉媛
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Ljlz Beijing Building Materials Co ltd
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Ljlz Beijing Building Materials Co ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D11/00Roof covering, as far as not restricted to features covered by only one of groups E04D1/00 - E04D9/00; Roof covering in ways not provided for by groups E04D1/00 - E04D9/00, e.g. built-up roofs, elevated load-supporting roof coverings
    • E04D11/02Build-up roofs, i.e. consisting of two or more layers bonded together in situ, at least one of the layers being of watertight composition
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/20Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object
    • H02S20/22Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object specially adapted for buildings
    • H02S20/23Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object specially adapted for buildings specially adapted for roof structures
    • H02S20/25Roof tile elements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model provides a current collection photovoltaic tile, connection structure, roofing structure and roofing construction method, current collection photovoltaic tile includes solar cell panel and matrix, and connection structure includes horizontal control connection and vertically connects, and roofing structure includes roofing basic unit, cement mortar screed-coat, waterproofing membrane layer, heat preservation, reinforced concrete protective layer, vertical along water strip, waterproof bed course, horizontal batten and current collection photovoltaic tile from bottom to top in proper order. The modularized design of the invention realizes the seamless connection of the current collection photovoltaic tile and the conventional tile and realizes the integration of the photovoltaic building. The invention is provided with the ventilation groove matched with the heat dissipation through hole, thereby increasing the rapid heat dissipation capability, and the roof system with the heat dissipation channel is also formed by combining the concentrated photovoltaic tile with the ventilation heat-preserving ventilation roof, thereby greatly improving the photoelectric conversion efficiency of the concentrated photovoltaic tile in high-temperature weather, prolonging the service life of the solar cell panel and prolonging the service life of the roof.

Description

Current collection photovoltaic tile, connection structure, roof structure and roof construction method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of roof structures, in particular to a photovoltaic tile, a connecting structure, a roof structure and a construction method of the photovoltaic tile roof.
Background
With the social progress of economic development, people put higher and higher requirements on new energy, and searching for new energy becomes an urgent subject currently faced. In the case where conventional fossil fuels are facing the exhaustion risk, the burning of carbon dioxide and sulfur oxides discharged causes a greenhouse effect and acid rain, resulting in the destruction of ecological environment, deteriorating the global environment. The green sustainable development new energy technology is more and more paid attention to and greatly developed, solar energy is one of important new energy technologies, solar energy is inexhaustible clean energy, and solar photovoltaic power generation is safe and reliable and cannot be influenced by energy crisis and unstable factors of fuel markets.
The solar cell panel converts light into electricity through a photoelectric effect, and the power of a general solar module is measured under intense light of 1000 watts per square meter at 25 ℃, but the surface temperature of Xia Tianguang volt watts can exceed 45 ℃, so that the temperature in the solar cell panel is rapidly increased, and the rapid increase of the temperature can prevent the photoelectric conversion efficiency. The photovoltaic tile matrix of solar technology is simple in design, has no effective heat dissipation channel, and the battery piece is high in temperature for a long time, and especially the temperature of the photovoltaic tile battery piece in hot summer rises sharply, and the efficiency of the battery piece can be reduced, so that the power generation efficiency of the assembly is reduced. Good heat dissipation can improve the power generation efficiency of the assembly, and a fan and some electrical control equipment are added in general photovoltaic tile heat dissipation, but the cost is high, and the installation and construction are troublesome.
Aiming at the defects, a current collecting photovoltaic tile and roof construction technology is developed, and the heat dissipation problem of the solar cell is mainly solved through the combination of a current collecting photovoltaic tile matrix with a heat dissipation channel and a ventilation roof.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a current collection photovoltaic tile, a connection structure, a roof structure and a roof construction method, which are used for solving the technical problems that the existing photovoltaic tile matrix of the solar technology is simple in design, no effective heat dissipation channel exists, the temperature of a battery piece is high for a long time, particularly the temperature of the battery piece of the photovoltaic tile in hot summer is rapidly increased, the efficiency of the battery piece is reduced, and the power generation efficiency of a component is reduced.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a current collection photovoltaic tile, includes solar cell panel and matrix, solar cell panel is the rectangle, the matrix is high strength weather resistant modified resin matrix, and the matrix is the plane platy, and the positive facing surface of matrix is equipped with solar cell panel's mounting groove,
the installation groove comprises a groove bottom surface, a transverse upper ledge and a transverse lower ledge, the upper ledge is provided with two carcass fixing connection through holes, the right edge of the installation groove is level with the right edge of the carcass, the size of the groove bottom surface is the same as the outer contour size of the solar cell panel,
a rectangular junction box avoiding hole is formed in the center of the upper part of the bottom surface of the groove, a group of heat dissipation through holes are uniformly distributed at the position of the bottom surface of the groove, which is away from the junction box avoiding hole,
a circle of rectangular annular installation reinforcing grooves are arranged along the four side edges of the bottom surface of the groove, connecting reinforcing ribs are arranged in the installation reinforcing grooves, are strip-shaped, the upper surfaces of the connecting reinforcing ribs are flush with the surface of the bottom surface of the groove, gaps between the connecting reinforcing ribs and the edges of the installation reinforcing grooves form filling grooves of self-adhesive waterproof sealant,
the corners of the installation reinforcing grooves are provided with reinforcing convex points, the height of each reinforcing convex point is the same as that of the connecting reinforcing rib, gaps among the reinforcing convex points and between the reinforcing convex points and the end heads of the connecting reinforcing ribs form overflow spaces of self-adhesive waterproof sealant, the self-adhesive waterproof sealant is smeared in the filling grooves, four side edge parts of the back surface of the solar cell panel are adhered with the bottom surface of the groove through the self-adhesive waterproof sealant,
the left end edge of the sun-facing surface of the carcass is provided with a concave-convex supporting groove along the longitudinal through length, the right end edge of the back-to-concave surface of the carcass is provided with a concave-convex buckling groove along the longitudinal through length, the concave-convex supporting groove is matched with the concave-convex buckling groove in size, the lower part of the concave-convex supporting groove is reserved with a wind-resistant buckle installation groove,
the upper edge of the upper ledge is transversely provided with an upward protruding top edge, the upper edge of the back-to-back surface is transversely provided with a downward protruding clamping edge, the lower edge of the back-to-back surface is transversely provided with a downward protruding clamping strip, the cross section width of the clamping strip is larger than that of the upper ledge,
a group of ventilation grooves are longitudinally arranged on the back-to-back surface of the clamping strip at intervals.
The four sides of the connecting reinforcing ribs and the bottom surface of the groove are respectively parallel, the cross section of the connecting reinforcing ribs is trapezoidal, two connecting reinforcing ribs are arranged in the installation reinforcing grooves on each side at intervals, three groove filling grooves are formed in a conformal mode, and the width of the groove filling grooves is the same.
The reinforcing convex points are arranged at each corner, the reinforcing convex points are arranged on the extending lines of the two sides of the connecting reinforcing ribs and at the positions of the intersection points of the extending lines, and the cross section shape of the reinforcing convex points is the same as that of the connecting reinforcing ribs.
The concave-convex groove comprises two groove-bearing bulges and two groove-bearing grooves, and the groove-bearing bulges and the groove-bearing grooves are alternately arranged;
the concave-convex buckling groove comprises two buckling groove bulges and two buckling groove grooves, the buckling groove bulges and the buckling groove grooves are alternately arranged, the cross section of the buckling groove bulges is rectangular,
the height of the socket bulges is the same as that of the buckling grooves.
The solar panel has the length of 379.5mm and the width of 290-299 mm, the battery pack comprises two rows of three columns of six rectangular battery pieces with the same size, the length of each piece is 156.75mm, the width of each piece is 78.35mm, the distance between adjacent battery pieces is 2mm, the battery pack is arranged at the centers of the left side and the right side of the solar panel, the battery piece of the lowest row is arranged at the position of 10-15 mm upwards from the lower edge of high-permeability toughened glass, all welding strips between the battery pieces on the solar panel are covered and connected by an insulating tape,
the length of the carcass is 420mm-400mm, and the width of the carcass is 330mm;
the length of the junction box avoiding hole is 107mm-163mm, and the width of the junction box avoiding hole is 51mm-53mm;
the length of the anti-wind hasp installation groove is 25mm, and the depth of the groove is 3mm-7mm;
the heat dissipation through holes are round, the sizes of the round are different, and the diameters of the round heat dissipation through holes are 10mm-22mm;
the number of the ventilation grooves is 5-7, the distance between the ventilation grooves at the most side and the left and right edges of the tire body is 58mm, the distance between the ventilation grooves at the most side and the left and right edges of the tire body is the same, the cross section of each ventilation groove is in the shape of an arc, the width of each arc is 10mm, and the height of each arc is 4mm;
the height of the upper ledge is 8mm, the height of the lower ledge is 4mm, and the thickness of the lower ledge is 1.5mm;
the cross section of the groove-bearing bulge is rectangular, the width is 5mm, and the height is 5mm-6mm; the width of the cross section of the groove bearing groove is 10mm-15mm, the width of the buckling groove bulge is 7mm-10mm, the height is 5mm-6mm, and the width of the cross section of the buckling groove is 10mm-13mm.
The utility model provides a connection structure of current collection photovoltaic tile, includes horizontal connection about, control the connection and including controlling adjacent left tile and right tile, the groove recess interlock lock joint about the groove protrusion of holding of left tile and the groove recess of right tile, the groove recess of holding of left tile and the groove protrusion interlock lock joint from top to bottom.
The utility model provides a connection structure of root collection electricity photovoltaic tile, includes fore-and-aft upper and lower connection, upper and lower connection is including upper and lower adjacent lower tile and last tile, the joint of the card strip of going up the tile is at the upper surface of the solar cell panel of lower tile, the topside top of lower tile is on the back of the body face surface of last tile.
A roof structure comprising a connecting structure comprises a roof base layer, a cement mortar leveling layer, a waterproof coiled material layer, a heat preservation layer, a reinforced concrete protection layer, a longitudinal water-flowing strip, an aluminum foil composite heat insulation waterproof cushion layer, a transverse batten and a current-collecting photovoltaic tile from bottom to top in sequence,
the longitudinal water-flowing strip and the transverse tile hanging strip are all battens arranged at intervals,
the clamping edges of the lower tile and the upper tile are hung on corresponding transverse battens, a roof drainage gap is formed by enclosing the back surface of the upper tile, the top edge of the lower tile, the upper surface of the solar panel and the clamping strips of the upper tile,
the upper portion of matrix is through the bolt and horizontal batten fixed connection that run through the matrix connecting hole, the upper portion of matrix is through the connecting piece and horizontal batten fixed connection that run through matrix fixed connection through-hole, the lower part of matrix is through the connecting piece and horizontal batten fixed connection of card income anti-wind hasp mounting groove.
The construction method of the roof structure of the connecting structure comprises the following construction steps:
firstly, paving a cement mortar leveling layer on a roof base layer, and paving a waterproof coiled material layer on the cement mortar leveling layer to serve as a first waterproof layer;
step two, paving an XPS heat-insulating plate layer serving as a heat-insulating layer on the waterproof coiled material layer;
pouring a reinforced concrete protective layer on the XPS heat-insulating board;
fixing the longitudinal water strip on the reinforced concrete protective layer through an expansion screw;
step five, paving an aluminum foil composite heat-insulating waterproof cushion layer on the longitudinal water-flowing strips as a second waterproof layer, wherein the aluminum foil composite heat-insulating waterproof cushion layer covers an air layer between the longitudinal water-flowing strips, and paving the aluminum foil composite heat-insulating waterproof cushion layer downwards until cornice is connected in a sealing manner;
fixing transverse battens on an aluminum foil composite heat-insulating waterproof cushion layer, wherein the aluminum foil composite heat-insulating waterproof cushion layer enables an air layer between longitudinal water-following strips and an air layer between the transverse battens to be separated independently, the air layer between the transverse battens passes through cornice layer by layer downwards to form a ventilation and heat dissipation channel, and heat dissipation through holes of the current collecting photovoltaic tiles alternately reduce the surface temperature of the battery piece with external air circulation through the ventilation and heat dissipation channel;
step seven, fixedly connecting a current collecting photovoltaic tile on the tile hanging strip to finish roofing paving: two adjacent collecting photovoltaic tiles on the left and right of the same layer are firstly installed, and then two collecting photovoltaic tiles which are adjacent up and down are installed.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following characteristics and beneficial effects:
1. the invention adopts the high-strength weather-proof modified resin material as the matrix to be combined with the photovoltaic cell panel to form the modularized collecting photovoltaic tile, the modularized design realizes the seamless connection between the collecting photovoltaic tile and the conventional tile, the collecting photovoltaic tile can be directly arranged on a building roof, the collecting photovoltaic tile can also replace the conventional roof tile as required, and the collecting photovoltaic tile has the function of the roof tile and the photovoltaic power generation function, thereby achieving two benefits. Meanwhile, the roof system is convenient to flexibly and conveniently configure, the construction efficiency is improved, the manual installation cost and the loss in the construction process are greatly reduced, and the photovoltaic building integration is realized.
2. According to the photovoltaic cell panel, the photovoltaic cells are arranged at the position 10mm-15mm above the lower edge of the toughened glass according to the requirements of the pressing equipment, the exposed area of the photovoltaic cells is increased to the maximum extent, the power generation rate is improved, and the power generation rate can be improved by using the area of the roof to the maximum extent.
3. The matrix of the invention is manufactured into the current collecting photovoltaic tiles with different colors according to the color adjustment of the conventional roof tiles of the building, the degree of combination with the building is high, and the integration and the aesthetic degree of the building roof are increased. Meanwhile, each battery piece covers all white welding strips on the sun-facing surface of the battery plate by using an insulating adhesive tape with the same color as the TPT back plate, so that the color integration of the solar battery plate is realized.
4. The solar cell panel is provided with the installation reinforcing groove on the sun-facing surface, and the connection reinforcing ribs are arranged in the installation reinforcing groove, so that the strength of the carcass can be improved, and the solar cell panel is also provided with the groove for smearing the adhesive when the solar cell panel is connected with the carcass; meanwhile, reinforcing protruding points are further designed at the corners, cross sections of the reinforcing ribs and the reinforcing protruding points are trapezoidal, and the design of the pattern effectively limits glue from overflowing from the inside of the groove to the four corners when the self-adhesive waterproof sealant is fixedly pressed by the solar panel and the high-strength weather-resistant modified resin matrix.
5. The matrix mounting groove is also provided with the junction box avoiding holes, so that positive and negative leads of the battery piece can be led out regularly, and the flatness of the current collecting solar tile is ensured on the premise of not damaging the high-strength modified resin matrix.
6. The upper ledge and the lower ledge are arranged to be meshed with the solar panel, so that the limit of the solar panel is stable; a fixed connection through hole is reserved on the upper ledge of the carcass, the mounting position of a roof tile fixed wind-resistant hasp is reserved on the left edge, and photovoltaic tiles are fixed at three points, so that later-stage mounting is ensured to be stable;
7. the concave groove of the sun facing surface of the carcass is provided with a plurality of heat dissipation through holes with different sizes, so that the problem that the rapid temperature rise in the solar cell panel cannot quickly dissipate heat due to overhigh temperature in summer is solved.
8. The left side part and the right side part of the outer frame of the tire body are respectively provided with the matched concave-convex bearing grooves and the matched concave-convex buckling grooves, so that the connection of two adjacent photovoltaic tiles is convenient, the upper side part and the lower side part are respectively provided with the clamping strips and the top edges, the connection of two adjacent photovoltaic tiles is convenient, the four connecting ends of the photovoltaic tiles can be matched with the connecting ends of the conventional tiles in shape, the overlapping between the tiles is achieved, the connecting end of one collecting photovoltaic tile can be matched with the connecting end of the other collecting photovoltaic tile or the conventional roof tile in installation, and the connecting end of the collecting photovoltaic tile can be directly used for replacing the conventional tile in prefabrication, and has the same structure and width dimension as the conventional tile;
meanwhile, a roof drainage gap is formed by enclosing the back-to-back surface of the upper tile, the top edge of the lower tile, the upper surface of the solar cell panel and the clamping strips of the upper tile, and meanwhile, two waterproof layers are arranged to prevent the roof from being permeated, so that the roof has a waterproof effect, no hidden danger of water leakage is avoided, the safety is high, and no falling and collapse risk is avoided.
The second waterproof layer plays waterproof effect on the one hand, and on the other hand keeps apart following water strip air bed and batten air bed, keeps apart the air exchange between two-layer air bed for the steam that the heat dissipation through-hole of current collection photovoltaic tile dispels the heat through batten air bed, the ventilation heat dissipation passageway that cornice formed directly reduces battery piece surface temperature with outside air cycle in turn.
Drawings
The invention is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a solar panel according to the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic top view of fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the sun-facing side of the carcass of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic perspective view of fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is a partial enlarged view of fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is a right side view of fig. 3.
Fig. 7 is a left side view of fig. 3.
Fig. 8 is a rear view of fig. 3.
Fig. 9 is a front view of fig. 3.
Fig. 10 is a schematic view of the structure of the back-to-back surface of the carcass of the present invention.
Fig. 11 is a schematic view of a carcass splice of left and right carcass blocks.
FIG. 12 is a schematic diagram of a connection structure of the left and right collecting photovoltaic tiles after being spliced.
Fig. 13 is a partial schematic view of the middle part of fig. 12 showing the anti-wind-break snap-fit groove.
Fig. 14 is a schematic diagram of a connection structure of four integrated photovoltaic tiles of the present invention after being spliced.
Fig. 15 is a diagram showing the construction of the construction method of the present invention.
Fig. 16 is a diagram showing the construction of the second construction method of the present invention.
Fig. 17 is a diagram showing the construction of the third step of the construction method of the present invention.
Fig. 18 is a diagram showing the construction of the construction method of the present invention in the completion of step four.
Fig. 19 is a diagram showing the construction process of the present invention in the step five.
Fig. 20 is a diagram showing the construction of the construction method of the present invention in the step six.
Fig. 21 is a schematic view of the roof structure of the present invention and a completed structural view of step seven of the construction method.
Fig. 22 is a partial enlarged view of fig. 21.
Fig. 23 is a side view structural diagram of fig. 21.
Reference numerals: 1-solar panel, 1 a-battery piece, 2-matrix, 3-junction box avoidance hole, 4-heat dissipation through hole, 5-installation reinforcing groove, 6-connection reinforcing rib, 7-filling groove, 8-reinforcing convex point, 9-overflow space, 10-concave-convex holding groove, 11-concave-convex buckling groove, 12-wind-resistant buckle installation groove, 13-top edge, 14-clamping edge, 15-clamping strip, 16-ventilation groove, 17-holding groove protrusion, 18-holding groove, 19-buckling groove protrusion, 20-holding groove, 21-groove bottom surface, 22-upper ledge, 23-lower ledge, 24-matrix fixed connection through hole, 25-left tile, 26-right tile, 27-lower tile, 28-upper tile, 29-roof base layer, 30-cement leveling layer, 31-waterproof coiled material layer, 32-heat preservation layer, 33-reinforced concrete protection layer, 34-longitudinal water-smoothing strip, 35-aluminum foil composite heat insulation waterproof cushion layer, 36-transverse hanging tile strip and 37-insulation tape.
Detailed Description
1-12, the current collecting photovoltaic tile comprises a solar cell panel 1 and a matrix 2, wherein the solar cell panel is rectangular, the matrix is a high-strength weather-proof modified resin matrix, the matrix is planar, and the sun facing surface of the matrix is provided with a mounting groove of the solar cell panel.
The mounting groove comprises a groove bottom surface 21, a transverse upper ledge 22 and a transverse lower ledge 23, wherein two tire body fixing and connecting through holes 24 are formed in the upper ledge, the right edge of the mounting groove is flush with the right edge of the tire body, and the size of the groove bottom surface is the same as the outer contour size of the solar cell panel.
The upper center of the groove bottom surface 21 is provided with a junction box avoidance hole 3 of a rectangular solar cell panel, and a group of heat dissipation through holes 4 are uniformly distributed at positions on the groove bottom surface, which avoid the junction box avoidance hole.
A circle of rectangular annular installation reinforcing grooves 5 are arranged along four side edges of the bottom surface of the groove, connection reinforcing ribs 6 are arranged in the installation reinforcing grooves 5, the connection reinforcing ribs 6 are strip-shaped, the upper surfaces of the connection reinforcing ribs 6 are flush with the surface of the bottom surface 21 of the groove, gaps between the connection reinforcing ribs 6 and the edges of the installation reinforcing grooves 5 form filling grooves 7 of self-adhesive waterproof sealant,
the corner of the installation reinforcing groove 5 is provided with reinforcing protruding points 8, the height of the reinforcing protruding points 8 is the same as the height of the connection reinforcing ribs 6, gaps between the reinforcing protruding points 8 and the ends of the connection reinforcing ribs 6 form overflow spaces 9 of self-adhesive waterproof sealant, the self-adhesive waterproof sealant is smeared in the filling grooves 7, and four side edges of the back of the solar cell panel are adhered to the bottom surfaces 21 of the grooves through the self-adhesive waterproof sealant.
The self-adhesive waterproof sealant is a non-curing type adhesive for life, has excellent adhesive force and convenient construction, is an extremely advanced waterproof and repairing sealing material, has no phenomena of color change, hardening and cracking on the surface of an ultraviolet carbon arc lamp irradiated for 2000 hours, has excellent heat resistance, heat resistance and excellent air tightness, can avoid any unexpected situation, and can achieve the best effect within the temperature range of 5-45 ℃.
The left end edge of the sun-facing surface of the carcass is provided with a concave-convex supporting groove 10 along the longitudinal through length, the right end edge of the back-to-yin surface of the carcass is provided with a concave-convex buckling groove 11 along the longitudinal through length, the concave-convex supporting groove 10 is matched with the concave-convex buckling groove 11 in size, and the lower part of the concave-convex supporting groove 10 is reserved with a wind-resistant buckle installation groove 12.
The upper edge of the upper ledge 22 is transversely provided with an upward protruding top edge 13, the upper edge of the back-to-back surface is transversely provided with a downward protruding clamping edge 14, the lower edge of the back-to-back surface is transversely provided with a downward protruding clamping strip 15, and the cross section width of the clamping strip 15 is larger than that of the upper ledge 22.
The back-to-back surface of the clamping strip 15 is longitudinally provided with a set of ventilation slots 16 at intervals.
The connecting reinforcing ribs 6 are respectively parallel to four sides of the groove bottom surface 21, the cross section of each connecting reinforcing rib 6 is trapezoidal, two connecting reinforcing ribs 6 are arranged in the installation reinforcing groove 5 at each side at intervals, three filling grooves 7 are formed in a conformal mode, and the widths of the filling grooves 7 are the same.
The reinforcing convex points 8 are arranged at four corners, the reinforcing convex points 8 are arranged on the extension lines of the two sides of the connecting reinforcing ribs 6 and at the intersection points of the extension lines, and the cross section shape of the reinforcing convex points 8 is the same as the cross section shape of the connecting reinforcing ribs.
The concave-convex groove comprises two groove-supporting bulges 17 and two groove-supporting grooves 18, and the groove-supporting bulges 17 and the groove-supporting grooves 18 are alternately arranged;
the concave-convex buckling groove comprises two buckling groove bulges 19 and two buckling groove grooves 20, the buckling groove bulges 19 and the buckling groove grooves 20 are alternately arranged, the cross section of the buckling groove bulges 19 is rectangular,
the height of the socket bulges 17 is the same as that of the buckling bulges 19.
In this embodiment, the solar panel is formed by laminating high-permeability toughened glass with monocrystalline silicon, polycrystalline silicon battery pieces, EVA and a TPT back plate, and each battery piece is formed by covering all white welding strips on the sun-facing surface of the solar panel with an insulating tape 37 with the same color as the TPT back plate, so that the color integration of the solar panel is realized. The length a of the solar panel 1 is 379.5mm, the width b is 290mm-299mm, the battery piece group comprises two rows and three columns of six rectangular battery pieces 1a with the same size, the length c of each piece is 156.75mm, the width d is 78.35mm, the distance e between adjacent battery pieces is 2mm, the battery piece group is arranged at the centers of the left side and the right side of the solar panel, the battery piece of the lowest row is arranged at the position of f=10 mm-15mm upwards at the lower edge of the high-permeability toughened glass,
the length g of the carcass 2 is 420mm-400mm, and the width h is 330mm;
the length j of the junction box avoiding hole 3 is 107mm-163mm, and the width k is 51mm-53mm;
the length l of the anti-wind hasp installation groove 12 is 25mm, and the depth m of the groove is 3mm-7mm;
the heat dissipation through holes are round, the sizes of the round are different, and the diameter n is 10mm-22mm;
the number of ventilation grooves 16 is 5-7, the spacing distance s is 58mm, the distance between the ventilation groove at the most side and the left and right edges of the tire body is the same, and u=29 mm in the embodiment. The cross section of the ventilation groove is arc-shaped, the width t of the arc is 10mm, and the height r of the arc is 4mm.
In this embodiment, the width p of the groove region where the mounting groove is located is 290mm to 303mm and the length q is 379.5mm to 380mm. The length of the connecting reinforcing ribs 6 along the width direction of the groove area is 271.71mm-362mm, and the length along the length direction of the groove area is 285mm-362.57mm. The width of the filling groove is 7mm.
The height of the upper ledge 22 is 8mm, the height of the lower ledge 23 is 4mm, and the thickness of the lower ledge 23 is 1.5mm.
The cross section of the groove-bearing bulge 17 is rectangular, the width v is 5mm, and the height w is 5mm-6mm; the cross section width x of the groove-bearing groove 18 is 10mm-15mm, the width y of the buckling groove bulge 19 is 7mm-10mm, the height z is 5mm-6mm, and the cross section width i of the buckling groove 20 is 10mm-13mm.
Referring to fig. 1-14, the connection structure of the current collecting photovoltaic tile comprises a transverse left-right connection, wherein the left-right connection comprises a left tile 25 and a right tile 26 which are adjacent left and right, a groove bearing protrusion of the left tile is in up-down engagement and buckling connection with a groove buckling groove of the right tile, and the groove bearing protrusion of the left tile is in up-down engagement and buckling connection with the groove buckling protrusion.
The connecting structure of the current collecting photovoltaic tile further comprises longitudinal up-down connection, wherein the up-down connection comprises a lower tile 27 and an upper tile 28 which are adjacent up and down, the clamping strips 15 of the upper tile 28 are buckled on the upper surface of the solar panel 1 of the lower tile 27, and the top edge 13 of the lower tile 27 is propped against the surface of the back-to-back surface of the upper tile 28.
Referring to fig. 21-23, the roof structure with the connecting structure sequentially comprises a roof base layer 29, a cement mortar leveling layer 30, a waterproof coiled material layer 31, a heat preservation layer 32, a reinforced concrete protection layer 33, a longitudinal water-flowing strip 34, an aluminum foil composite heat insulation waterproof cushion layer 35, a transverse batten 36 and a current-collecting photovoltaic tile group from bottom to top.
The longitudinal water strip 34 and the transverse batten 36 are all square timber arranged at intervals.
The clamping edges of the lower tile 27 and the upper tile 28 are hung on corresponding transverse battens 36, and a roof drainage gap is formed by enclosing the back-to-back surface of the upper tile 28, the top edge of the lower tile 27, the upper surface of the solar panel 1 and the clamping strips 15 of the upper tile 28.
The upper portion of matrix 2 is through the bolt and the horizontal batten 36 fixed connection of running through matrix connecting hole, the upper portion of matrix 2 is through the connecting piece and the horizontal batten 36 fixed connection of running through matrix fixed connection through-hole, the lower part of matrix 2 is through the connecting piece and the horizontal batten 36 fixed connection of card income anti-wind hasp mounting groove 12.
In this embodiment, the thickness of the waterproof coiled material layer 31 is 1.5mm, the heat insulation layer 32 is a XPS heat insulation board with a thickness of 100mm, the thickness of the reinforced concrete protection layer 33 is 30mm, the longitudinal water strips 34 and the transverse battens 36 are all square, the side length of the cross section of the square is 40mm, the distance between the left and right adjacent longitudinal water strips 34 is 600mm, and the distance between the upper and lower adjacent transverse battens 36 is 350mm.
The construction method of the roof structure of the connecting structure comprises the following construction steps:
in the first step, a cement mortar leveling layer 30 is laid on the roof base layer 29, and then a waterproof roll layer 31 is laid on the cement mortar leveling layer 30 as a first waterproof layer. See fig. 15.
And step two, paving an XPS heat-insulating board layer serving as a heat-insulating layer 32 on the waterproof coiled material layer 31. See fig. 16.
And thirdly, pouring a reinforced concrete protective layer 33 on the XPS heat-insulating board. See fig. 17.
And step four, fixing the longitudinal water strip 34 on the reinforced concrete protection layer 33 through expansion screws. See fig. 18.
And fifthly, paving an aluminum foil composite heat-insulating waterproof cushion layer 35 on the longitudinal water-flowing strips 34 as a second waterproof layer, wherein the aluminum foil composite heat-insulating waterproof cushion layer 35 covers an air layer between the longitudinal water-flowing strips 34, and the aluminum foil composite heat-insulating waterproof cushion layer 35 is paved downwards until cornice is connected in a sealing mode. See fig. 19.
Step six, fixing transverse battens 36 on the aluminum foil composite heat-insulating waterproof cushion layer 35, wherein the aluminum foil composite heat-insulating waterproof cushion layer 35 enables an air layer between the longitudinal water-following strips 34 and an air layer between the transverse battens 36 to be separated independently, the air layer between the transverse battens 36 downwards passes through cornice layer by layer to form a ventilation and heat dissipation channel, and heat dissipation through holes 4 of the current collecting photovoltaic tiles alternately reduce the surface temperature of the battery piece with external air circulation through the ventilation and heat dissipation channel. See fig. 20.
Step seven, fixedly connecting a current collecting photovoltaic tile on the tile hanging strip to finish roofing paving: two adjacent collecting photovoltaic tiles on the left and right of the same layer are firstly installed, and then two collecting photovoltaic tiles which are adjacent up and down are installed. See fig. 21-23.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a collection photovoltaic tile, includes solar cell panel (1) and matrix (2), its characterized in that: the solar panel is rectangular, the carcass is a high-strength weather-proof modified resin carcass, the carcass is planar, the sun-facing surface of the carcass is provided with a mounting groove of the solar panel,
the mounting groove comprises a groove bottom surface (21), a transverse upper ledge (22) and a transverse lower ledge (23), two carcass fixing and connecting through holes (24) are formed in the upper ledge, the right edge of the mounting groove is level with the right edge of the carcass, the size of the groove bottom surface is the same as the outer contour size of the solar panel,
a rectangular junction box avoiding hole (3) of the solar cell panel is formed in the center of the upper part of the bottom surface (21) of the groove, a group of heat dissipation through holes (4) are uniformly distributed at positions of the bottom surface of the groove, which avoid the junction box avoiding hole,
four side edges along the bottom surface of the groove are provided with a circle of rectangular annular installation reinforcing groove (5), the installation reinforcing groove (5) is internally provided with connection reinforcing ribs (6), the connection reinforcing ribs (6) are strip-shaped, the upper surfaces of the connection reinforcing ribs (6) are flush with the surface of the bottom surface (21) of the groove, gaps between the connection reinforcing ribs (6) and the edges of the installation reinforcing groove (5) form filling grooves (7) of self-adhesive waterproof sealant,
the corner of the installation reinforcing groove (5) is provided with reinforcing convex points (8), the height of the reinforcing convex points (8) is the same as that of the connecting reinforcing ribs (6), gaps among the reinforcing convex points (8) and between the reinforcing convex points (8) and the ends of the connecting reinforcing ribs (6) form overflow spaces (9) of self-adhesive waterproof sealant, the filling grooves (7) are internally smeared with the self-adhesive waterproof sealant, four side edge parts of the back of the solar cell panel are adhered with the bottom surface (21) of the groove through the self-adhesive waterproof sealant,
the left end edge of the sun-facing surface of the carcass is provided with a concave-convex supporting groove (10) along the longitudinal through length, the right end edge of the back-to-back surface of the carcass is provided with a concave-convex buckling groove (11) along the longitudinal through length, the concave-convex supporting groove (10) is matched with the concave-convex buckling groove (11) in size, the lower part of the concave-convex supporting groove (10) is reserved with a wind-resistant buckle installation groove (12),
the upper edge of the upper ledge (22) is transversely provided with an upward protruding top edge (13), the upper edge of the back-to-back surface is transversely provided with a downward protruding clamping edge (14), the lower edge of the back-to-back surface is transversely provided with a downward protruding clamping strip (15), the cross section width of the clamping strip (15) is larger than that of the upper ledge (22),
a group of ventilation grooves (16) are longitudinally arranged on the back-to-back surface of the clamping strip (15) at intervals.
2. A collector shoe as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the four sides of the connecting reinforcing ribs (6) and the bottom surface (21) of the groove are respectively parallel, the cross section of the connecting reinforcing ribs (6) is trapezoidal, two connecting reinforcing ribs (6) are arranged in the mounting reinforcing grooves (5) on each side at intervals, three filling grooves (7) are formed in a conformal mode, and the widths of the filling grooves (7) are the same.
3. A collector shoe as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the reinforcing convex points (8) are arranged at four corners, the reinforcing convex points (8) are arranged on extension lines of the two sides of the connecting reinforcing ribs (6) and at the intersection points of the extension lines, and the cross section shape of the reinforcing convex points (8) is identical to the cross section shape of the connecting reinforcing ribs.
4. A collector shoe according to any one of claims 1-3, wherein: the concave-convex groove comprises two groove-bearing bulges (17) and two groove-bearing grooves (18), and the groove-bearing bulges (17) and the groove-bearing grooves (18) are alternately arranged;
the concave-convex buckling groove comprises two buckling groove bulges (19) and two buckling groove grooves (20), the buckling groove bulges (19) and the buckling groove grooves (20) are alternately arranged, the cross section of the buckling groove bulges (19) is rectangular,
the height of the socket bulges (17) is the same as that of the buckling groove bulges (19).
5. The collecting photovoltaic tile of claim 4, wherein: the solar panel (1) has the length of 379.5mm and the width of 290-299 mm, the battery piece group comprises two rows and three columns of six rectangular battery pieces (1 a) with the same size, the length of each piece is 156.75mm, the width of each piece is 78.35mm, the distance between adjacent battery pieces is 2mm, the battery piece group is arranged at the centers of the left side and the right side of the solar panel, the battery piece of the lowest row is arranged at the position of 10-15 mm upwards from the lower edge of high-permeability toughened glass, all welding strips between the battery pieces on the solar facing surface of the battery panel are covered and connected through an insulating tape (37),
the length of the carcass (2) is 420mm-400mm, and the width is 330mm;
the length of the junction box avoiding hole (3) is 107mm-163mm, and the width is 51mm-53mm;
the length of the anti-wind hasp installation groove (12) is 25mm, and the depth of the groove is 3mm-7mm;
the heat dissipation through holes are round, the sizes of the round are different, and the diameters of the round heat dissipation through holes are 10mm-22mm;
5-7 ventilation grooves (16) are arranged, the distance between the ventilation grooves at the most side and the left and right edges of the tire body is 58mm, the distance between the ventilation grooves at the most side and the left and right edges of the tire body is the same, the cross section of each ventilation groove is in the shape of an arc, the width of each arc is 10mm, and the height of each arc is 4mm;
the height of the upper ledge (22) is 8mm, the height of the lower ledge (23) is 4mm, and the thickness of the lower ledge (23) is 1.5mm;
the cross section of the groove-bearing bulge (17) is rectangular, the width is 5mm, and the height is 5mm-6mm; the cross section width of the groove bearing groove (18) is 10mm-15mm, the width of the buckling groove bulge (19) is 7mm-10mm, the height is 5mm-6mm, and the cross section width of the buckling groove (20) is 10mm-13mm.
6. A connection structure of collecting photovoltaic tiles according to claim 4 or 5, characterized in that: including horizontal connection about, connect about including controlling adjacent left tile (25) and right tile (26), hold the groove arch of left tile and the interlock lock joint about the catching groove recess of right tile, hold the groove recess of left tile and the interlock lock joint about the catching groove arch.
7. The connection structure of collecting photovoltaic tiles according to claim 6, wherein: the solar cell panel is characterized by further comprising longitudinal up-down connection, wherein the up-down connection comprises an upper lower adjacent tile (27) and an upper tile (28), the clamping strips (15) of the upper tile (28) are buckled on the upper surface of the solar cell panel (1) of the lower tile (27), and the top edge (13) of the lower tile (27) is propped against the surface of the back-to-back surface of the upper tile (28).
8. A roofing structure comprising the connecting structure of claim 7, characterized in that: comprises a roof base layer (29), a cement mortar leveling layer (30), a waterproof coiled material layer (31), a heat preservation layer (32), a reinforced concrete protection layer (33), a longitudinal water-flowing strip (34), an aluminum foil composite heat insulation waterproof cushion layer (35), a transverse tile hanging strip (36) and a collector light Fu Wazu from bottom to top in sequence,
the longitudinal water-flowing strip (34) and the transverse batten (36) are all square timber arranged at intervals,
the upper portion of matrix (2) is through the bolt and horizontal batten (36) fixed connection of running through matrix connecting hole, the upper portion of matrix (2) is through the connecting piece and horizontal batten (36) fixed connection of running through matrix fixed connection through-hole, the lower part of matrix (2) is through the connecting piece and horizontal batten (36) fixed connection of card income anti-wind hasp mounting groove (12).
9. A method of constructing a roof structure of a connecting structure according to claim 8, characterized by the steps of:
firstly, paving a cement mortar leveling layer (30) on a roof base layer (29), and paving a waterproof coiled material layer (31) on the cement mortar leveling layer (30) as a first waterproof layer;
step two, paving an XPS heat-insulating board layer serving as a heat-insulating layer (32) on the waterproof coiled material layer (31);
pouring a reinforced concrete protective layer (33) on the XPS heat-insulating board;
fourthly, fixing the longitudinal water strip (34) on the reinforced concrete protective layer (33) through expansion screws;
step five, an aluminum foil composite heat-insulating waterproof cushion layer (35) is paved on the longitudinal water-flowing strips (34) to serve as a second waterproof layer, the aluminum foil composite heat-insulating waterproof cushion layer (35) covers an air layer between the longitudinal water-flowing strips (34), and the aluminum foil composite heat-insulating waterproof cushion layer (35) is paved downwards until cornice is connected in a sealing mode;
fixing transverse battens (36) on an aluminum foil composite heat-insulating waterproof cushion layer (35), wherein the aluminum foil composite heat-insulating waterproof cushion layer (35) enables an air layer between longitudinal water-following strips (34) and an air layer between the transverse battens (36) to be separated independently, the air layer between the transverse battens (36) downwards passes through cornice layer by layer to form a ventilation and heat dissipation channel, and heat dissipation through holes (4) of the current collecting photovoltaic tiles alternately reduce the surface temperature of the battery piece with external air circulation through the ventilation and heat dissipation channel;
step seven, fixedly connecting a current collecting photovoltaic tile on the tile hanging strip to finish roofing paving: two adjacent collecting photovoltaic tiles on the left and right of the same layer are firstly installed, and then two collecting photovoltaic tiles which are adjacent up and down are installed.
CN201811426131.0A 2018-11-27 2018-11-27 Current collection photovoltaic tile, connection structure, roof structure and roof construction method Active CN109339354B (en)

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