CN109322139A - A kind of dyeing and printing process of chemical fibre woven fabric - Google Patents

A kind of dyeing and printing process of chemical fibre woven fabric Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109322139A
CN109322139A CN201811179266.1A CN201811179266A CN109322139A CN 109322139 A CN109322139 A CN 109322139A CN 201811179266 A CN201811179266 A CN 201811179266A CN 109322139 A CN109322139 A CN 109322139A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cloth
dyeing
desizing
chemical fibre
printing process
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811179266.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王仙花
谭建忠
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shaoxing Southern China Textile Printing And Dyeing Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shaoxing Southern China Textile Printing And Dyeing Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shaoxing Southern China Textile Printing And Dyeing Co Ltd filed Critical Shaoxing Southern China Textile Printing And Dyeing Co Ltd
Priority to CN201811179266.1A priority Critical patent/CN109322139A/en
Publication of CN109322139A publication Critical patent/CN109322139A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06LDRY-CLEANING, WASHING OR BLEACHING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR MADE-UP FIBROUS GOODS; BLEACHING LEATHER OR FURS
    • D06L1/00Dry-cleaning or washing fibres, filaments, threads, yarns, fabrics, feathers or made-up fibrous goods
    • D06L1/12Dry-cleaning or washing fibres, filaments, threads, yarns, fabrics, feathers or made-up fibrous goods using aqueous solvents
    • D06L1/14De-sizing
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06CFINISHING, DRESSING, TENTERING OR STRETCHING TEXTILE FABRICS
    • D06C15/00Calendering, pressing, ironing, glossing or glazing textile fabrics
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06CFINISHING, DRESSING, TENTERING OR STRETCHING TEXTILE FABRICS
    • D06C7/00Heating or cooling textile fabrics
    • D06C7/02Setting
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06LDRY-CLEANING, WASHING OR BLEACHING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR MADE-UP FIBROUS GOODS; BLEACHING LEATHER OR FURS
    • D06L1/00Dry-cleaning or washing fibres, filaments, threads, yarns, fabrics, feathers or made-up fibrous goods
    • D06L1/12Dry-cleaning or washing fibres, filaments, threads, yarns, fabrics, feathers or made-up fibrous goods using aqueous solvents
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M11/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising
    • D06M11/32Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with oxygen, ozone, ozonides, oxides, hydroxides or percompounds; Salts derived from anions with an amphoteric element-oxygen bond
    • D06M11/36Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with oxygen, ozone, ozonides, oxides, hydroxides or percompounds; Salts derived from anions with an amphoteric element-oxygen bond with oxides, hydroxides or mixed oxides; with salts derived from anions with an amphoteric element-oxygen bond
    • D06M11/38Oxides or hydroxides of elements of Groups 1 or 11 of the Periodic System
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M16/00Biochemical treatment of fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, e.g. enzymatic
    • D06M16/003Biochemical treatment of fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, e.g. enzymatic with enzymes or microorganisms
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P5/00Other features in dyeing or printing textiles, or dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form
    • D06P5/02After-treatment
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M2200/00Functionality of the treatment composition and/or properties imparted to the textile material
    • D06M2200/50Modified hand or grip properties; Softening compositions

Abstract

A kind of dyeing and printing process of chemical fibre woven fabric, comprising the following steps: S1. desizing: Desizing Step is completed to cloth in open-width desizing range using desizing agent and water or steam;S2. it dries: preliminary drying operation being carried out to cloth in baking oven, the cloth after drying is in dampness;S3. pre-setting: cloth carries out pre-setting operation to cloth under wet conditions, using forming machine;S4. water bath processing Alkali reduction: is carried out to cloth using water and liquid alkaline;S5. it dyes;S6. it is dehydrated: the cloth moisture after dyeing being carried out dehydrating, cloth is made to be in dampness;S7. finished product is formed: dewatered cloth is carried out to ironing sizing operation on forming machine.In the present invention, after cloth desizing drying, the cloth in dampness has certain plasticity, it is first smooth to cloth progress, hot iron is being carried out later, to eliminate the stress of cloth, cloth is in the state of smooth relaxation before making Alkali reduction and dyeing, convenient for improving the quality of dyeing.

Description

A kind of dyeing and printing process of chemical fibre woven fabric
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of colouring method, in particular to a kind of dyeing and printing process of chemical fibre woven fabric.
Background technique
In textile industry, cloth is dried after warp thread first being carried out starching, then the warp thread after starching is woven into crude green body cloth, Pre-treatment, dyeing and post-processing are carried out to crude green body cloth again later, the cloth after dyeing just is used in production clothes.And for fibre It ties up for woven fabric, dyeing and printing process has very important influence to the coloring of woven cloth and cloth.
The dyeing and printing process of existing chemical fibre woven fabric includes desizing, drying, Alkali reduction, dyeing, finished product sizing and packet Dress.Wherein desizing is to carry out dip dyeing desizing treatment to crude green body cloth in open-width desizing range by steam, water and desizing agent, will be chemical The dirt in contamination is adsorbed in the slurry and weaving storage and transport process of the finish, starching contamination be infected on fabric, makes to knit Object is pure white, soft, has good permeability;Drying is then the moisture after drying desizing on fabric, guarantees the drying of fabric;Alkali The significant process and the key production technology thereof before chemical fibre cloth dyeing that decrement is then refining, are using chemical fibre in heat Generate limited hydrolysis in aqueous slkali, chemical fibre hydrolyzes from outward appearance to inner essence, peels off in layer, make chemical fibre deform and Softness has achieved the effect that Silk, has been dyed again later that the effect of dyeing can be better, and can change chemical fibre The sense of touch of dimension.
It is in place of above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, for chemical fiber cloth after desizing and drying, cloth can generate one Fixed contraction, and then cause cloth fold, it is unfavorable for subsequent dyeing, causes dyeing preparation of piece goods at fold second-rate.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of dyeing and printing process of chemical fibre woven fabric, solve before piece dyeing that there are pleats The problem of wrinkle, improves the quality of dyeing.
Above-mentioned technical purpose of the invention has the technical scheme that
A kind of dyeing and printing process of chemical fibre woven fabric, which comprises the following steps: S1. desizing: desizing agent is used Desizing Step is completed to cloth in open-width desizing range with water or steam;S2. it dries: cloth tentatively being dried in baking oven Dry operation, the cloth after drying are in dampness;S3. pre-setting: cloth under wet conditions, using forming machine to cloth Carry out pre-setting operation;S4. water bath processing Alkali reduction: is carried out to cloth using water and liquid alkaline;S5. dye: to cloth into Row dyeing;S6. it is dehydrated: the cloth moisture after dyeing being carried out dehydrating, cloth is made to be in dampness;S7. finished product is fixed Type: dewatered cloth is carried out to ironing sizing operation on forming machine.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, after cloth desizing drying, the cloth in dampness has certain Plasticity, it is first smooth to cloth progress under the action of forming machine, hot iron is being carried out later, to eliminate answering for cloth Power, cloth is in the state of smooth relaxation before making Alkali reduction and dyeing, convenient for improving the quality of dyeing.
Preferably, the desizing agent in step S1 is amylase.
It, can be extremely efficiently by the shallow lake of warp yam surface using amylase as desizing agent by using above-mentioned technical proposal Slurry material remove, and will not damaging chemical fiber, will not be generated during desizing except starch decompose in addition to other chemistry Reaction, will not generate more pollutant in the waste water after desizing, therefore the waste water after desizing is light contaminant water, warp It can be reused after crossing simple filtering, improve the utilization rate of waste water.
Preferably, further include step S11: preshrunk between step S1 and S2, preshrunk be using water and liquid alkaline to desizing after Cloth carry out water bath processing.
Fabric can be removed after carrying out water-bath to the cloth after desizing using liquid alkaline by using above-mentioned technical proposal On finish, remaining slurry and the dirt that adsorbs in weaving transportational process, while liquid alkaline can also be generated with chemical fibre Chemical fibre surface element is divided oligomer burn-off to remove, is convenient for subsequent alkali decrement treatment by chemical reaction.
Preferably, using water-bath desizing in step S1, desizing temperature is 95 degrees Celsius.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, desizing agent can come into full contact with the slurry on warp thread, and hydrolyze on warp thread Slurry later also can be quickly dissolved into after moisture, do not had to thus be rinsed work again after desizing, be saved Dye water used in pre-treatment.
Preferably, the bath temperature of preshrunk is 120 degrees Celsius.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, liquid alkaline can sufficiently with finish, remaining slurry and the weaving storage and transportation on fabric The dirt adsorbed in the process is reacted, and preferable clean effect is reached, so that fabric is relatively white, soft;In addition, 120 Degree Celsius when, lye and chemical fibre react the surface quality that will not destroy chemical fibre, and can be by chemical fibre On some oligomers burn-off.
Preferably, the liquid alkaline of Alkali reduction is sodium hydroxide solution, concentration is 3 ~ 10g/L, and bath temperature is 90 degrees Celsius.
Preferably, liquid alkaline used in preshrunk is sodium hydroxide solution, concentration is 2 ~ 8g/L, and the preshrunk time is 100min.
Preferably, dyeing temperature is 125 degrees Celsius, dyeing time is four hours.
In conclusion the present invention has following technical effect that the step by adding pre-setting between drying and Alkali reduction Suddenly, reached and smooth ironing sizing is carried out to the cloth after desizing and drying, solved asking there are fold before piece dyeing Topic, improves the quality of dyeing.
Specific embodiment
Invention describes a kind of dyeing and printing process of chemical fibre woven fabric, described in steps are as follows text.
S1. desizing.Desizing is to complete Desizing Step to cloth in open-width desizing range using desizing agent and water or steam, The model YXLM097-240 of open-width desizing range, the main purpose of desizing are to remove warp yarn sizing and be wrapped in warp thread later On starch size, avoid slurry obstruction chemical fibre and dyestuff are kept apart, promote the coloration efficiency of dyeing.Desizing agent is adopted It is amylase, after water and amylase are mixed, cloth is immersed in amylase solution, is stacked up later, followed by Water-bath can be used, can also be heated using steam spraying, make amylase sufficiently with the starch reaction on warp thread, it will be on warp thread Starch Hydrolysis.In the present invention, using water bath processing in Desizing Step, bath temperature is 95 degrees Celsius, the solvent of water-bath It is then the mixed liquor of water and amylase, such amylase can come into full contact with fabric and react, and make in the catalysis of amylase The slurry of warp yam surface is fully hydrolyzed with lower.
Desizing is carried out using amylase, it is very high to the desizing efficiency of starch in slurry, there is specific aim, and will not damage Hurt the institutional framework of chemical fibre;Other chemical reactions in addition to Starch Hydrolysis will not be generated in desizing processes, moved back in this way More pollutant will not be generated in waste water after slurry, therefore the waste water after desizing is light contaminant water, by simple It can be reused after filtering, improve the utilization rate of waste water.
S11. preshrunk.Preshrunk is to carry out water bath processing to the cloth after desizing using water and liquid alkaline, it is therefore an objective to remove fabric On finish, remaining slurry and the dirt that adsorbs in weaving transportational process, keep fabric pure white, soft and have good Permeance property.Meanwhile liquid alkaline also can generate chemical reaction with chemical fibre, by the oligomer burn-off of chemical fibre surface portion Subsequent alkali decrement treatment is convenient in removal.
Preshrunk is also to be handled by heating water bath, and bath solution is sodium hydroxide solution, and concentration is 2 ~ 8g/L, bath temperature It is 120 degrees Celsius, the time of preshrunk is 100min.
S2. it dries.Preliminary drying operation is carried out to cloth in baking oven, the cloth after drying is in dampness.
S3. pre-setting.Cloth carries out pre-setting operation to cloth under wet conditions, using forming machine.
Because the warp thread of crude green body cloth be by slashing operation, once the step of by desizing and preshrunk, warp yam surface Slurry can be removed from the surface of warp thread, and the structure and stress of such warp thread can change, and reflection then will appear on the fabric Fold.Pre-setting is then to have certain plasticity using the fabric under dampness, under the action of forming machine, first to fabric It carries out smooth, carries out hot iron again later, so that the stress of fabric surface is eliminated, the surface of fabric in this way before Alkali reduction It is to be conducive to carry out Alkali reduction, be also beneficial to subsequent dyeing, in fold after avoiding fabric that fold occurs in formation state Place's dyestuff penetration is uneven and causes color difference.
S4. Alkali reduction.Alkali reduction is that limited hydrolysis, chemical fibre are generated in hot alkaline solution using chemical fibre Hydrolysis from outward appearance to inner essence, peel off in layer, make chemical fibre deform and it is soft, achieved the effect that Silk, carried out again later Dyeing, the effect of dyeing can be better, and can change the sense of touch of chemical fibre.
The lye of Alkali reduction is sodium hydroxide solution, and concentration is 3 ~ 10g/L, and uses water-bath operation, and bath temperature is 90 degrees Celsius, the processing time of Alkali reduction is 2 hours.
After Alkali reduction, the PH of fabric surface preferably again neutralizes fabric dipping weak acid solution in alkalinity, then carries out Primary washing, is dyed, can be avoided the remaining alkaline solution of fabric surface in this way will affect dyeing again later.
S5. it dyes.Fabric cloth is placed in dyeing installation and is dyed, the temperature of dyeing is 125 degrees Celsius, dyeing Time is four hours.Temperature is excessively high to damage the tissue of fabric, and the diffusion velocity of the too low then dye molecule of temperature is slow, Reach identical dyeing effect then to need to extend dyeing time.
It is preferably washed twice again after dyeing, the extra dyestuff of fabric is washed away, such fabric is after formation not Easily fade.
S6. it is dehydrated.Cloth moisture after dyeing is carried out dehydrating, cloth is made to be in dampness.
S7. finished product is formed.For overcome fabric to occur during dyeing radial extent, broadwise is shunk, door width is uneven, The disadvantages of fold, the fabric after dyeing is completed need to carry out finished product sizing.
Fabric after dehydration is in dampness, has certain plasticity, is drawn the door width of fabric using scutcher To defined size, hot iron is carried out to fabric using forming machine later, to eliminate the stress of fabric, adjusts longitude and latitude The form of yarn in the fabric.
It can be dried and be packed after finished product sizing.
This specific embodiment is only explanation of the invention, is not limitation of the present invention, those skilled in the art Member can according to need the modification that not creative contribution is made to the present embodiment after reading this specification, but as long as at this All by the protection of Patent Law in the scope of the claims of invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of dyeing and printing process of chemical fibre woven fabric, which comprises the following steps: S1. desizing: using desizing Agent and water or steam complete Desizing Step to cloth in open-width desizing range;S2. it dries: cloth being carried out in baking oven preliminary Operation is dried, the cloth after drying is in dampness;S3. pre-setting: cloth under wet conditions, utilizes forming machine pair Cloth carries out pre-setting operation;S4. water bath processing Alkali reduction: is carried out to cloth using water and liquid alkaline;S5. it dyes: to cloth It is dyed;S6. it is dehydrated: the cloth moisture after dyeing being carried out dehydrating, cloth is made to be in dampness;S7. finished product Sizing: dewatered cloth is carried out to ironing sizing operation on forming machine.
2. a kind of dyeing and printing process of chemical fibre woven fabric according to claim 1, which is characterized in that moving back in step S1 Slurry agent is amylase.
3. a kind of dyeing and printing process of chemical fibre woven fabric according to claim 2, which is characterized in that in step S1 and S2 Between further include step S11: preshrunk, preshrunk is to carry out water bath processing to the cloth after desizing using water and liquid alkaline.
4. a kind of dyeing and printing process of chemical fibre woven fabric according to claim 1, which is characterized in that used in step S1 Water-bath desizing, desizing temperature are 95 degrees Celsius.
5. a kind of dyeing and printing process of chemical fibre woven fabric according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the water-bath temperature of preshrunk Degree is 120 degrees Celsius.
6. a kind of dyeing and printing process of chemical fibre woven fabric according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the liquid alkaline of Alkali reduction For sodium hydroxide solution, concentration is 3 ~ 10g/L, and bath temperature is 90 degrees Celsius.
7. a kind of dyeing and printing process of chemical fibre woven fabric according to claim 3, which is characterized in that used in preshrunk Liquid alkaline is sodium hydroxide solution, and concentration is 2 ~ 8g/L, and the preshrunk time is 100min.
8. a kind of dyeing and printing process of chemical fibre woven fabric according to claim 1, which is characterized in that dyeing temperature is 125 degrees Celsius, dyeing time is four hours.
CN201811179266.1A 2018-10-10 2018-10-10 A kind of dyeing and printing process of chemical fibre woven fabric Pending CN109322139A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811179266.1A CN109322139A (en) 2018-10-10 2018-10-10 A kind of dyeing and printing process of chemical fibre woven fabric

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CN201811179266.1A CN109322139A (en) 2018-10-10 2018-10-10 A kind of dyeing and printing process of chemical fibre woven fabric

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111254613A (en) * 2020-01-20 2020-06-09 杭州三印染整有限公司 Dyeing equipment for filament elastic cloth and production process thereof
CN113605005A (en) * 2021-08-12 2021-11-05 浙江华港染织集团有限公司 Sectional type high quality printing and dyeing weaving cloth's printing and dyeing equipment
CN115538070A (en) * 2022-10-20 2022-12-30 绍兴华南纺织印染有限公司 Energy-saving and environment-friendly printing and dyeing method

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111254613A (en) * 2020-01-20 2020-06-09 杭州三印染整有限公司 Dyeing equipment for filament elastic cloth and production process thereof
CN111254613B (en) * 2020-01-20 2023-03-10 杭州三印染整有限公司 Dyeing equipment for filament elastic cloth and production process thereof
CN113605005A (en) * 2021-08-12 2021-11-05 浙江华港染织集团有限公司 Sectional type high quality printing and dyeing weaving cloth's printing and dyeing equipment
CN115538070A (en) * 2022-10-20 2022-12-30 绍兴华南纺织印染有限公司 Energy-saving and environment-friendly printing and dyeing method

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