CN109317307A - A kind of building waste sorting unit - Google Patents

A kind of building waste sorting unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109317307A
CN109317307A CN201810961757.5A CN201810961757A CN109317307A CN 109317307 A CN109317307 A CN 109317307A CN 201810961757 A CN201810961757 A CN 201810961757A CN 109317307 A CN109317307 A CN 109317307A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
separatory vessel
building waste
collection box
sorting unit
screening washer
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810961757.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄少雷
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhejiang Tianmu Construction And Development Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Zhejiang Tianmu Construction And Development Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhejiang Tianmu Construction And Development Co Ltd filed Critical Zhejiang Tianmu Construction And Development Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810961757.5A priority Critical patent/CN109317307A/en
Publication of CN109317307A publication Critical patent/CN109317307A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03BSEPARATING SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS
    • B03B9/00General arrangement of separating plant, e.g. flow sheets
    • B03B9/06General arrangement of separating plant, e.g. flow sheets specially adapted for refuse
    • B03B9/061General arrangement of separating plant, e.g. flow sheets specially adapted for refuse the refuse being industrial
    • B03B9/065General arrangement of separating plant, e.g. flow sheets specially adapted for refuse the refuse being industrial the refuse being building rubble
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/14Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with more than one separator
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/02Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for reinforced concrete
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/58Construction or demolition [C&D] waste

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of building waste sorting units, including separatory vessel, separatory vessel bottom is equipped with fines collection box, separatory vessel upper end is equipped with feeding inlet, the fixed link being flexibly connected is equipped with below feeding inlet, screening washer is equipped in separatory vessel, screening washer is truncated cone-shaped, screening washer bottom passes through the second motor of rotary shaft and separatory vessel bottom, screening washer fan-shaped surface is alternately evenly equipped with suction iron block and blanking port, by the way that fines collection box is arranged in separatory vessel bottom, for collecting the building waste of more particulate after screening, the screening washer being arranged in separatory vessel, for screening the building waste to fall from feeding inlet, screening washer fan-shaped surface replaces uniformly distributed suction iron block and blanking port, for by the metallics absorptive collection in building waste, the setting of blanking port, it is collected in the fines collection box fallen into separatory vessel bottom convenient for the building waste of particulate, the present apparatus Structure is simple, easy to operate, is suitble to large-scale promotion.

Description

A kind of building waste sorting unit
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of garbage disposal more particularly to a kind of building waste sorting units.
Background technique
Building waste refers to the waste that building changes, tears open and generates in process of construction again, mainly includes coagulation in China Soil, useless brick and tile, wall ash, metal and timber etc., when carrying out resource utilization, concrete and metal due to its high-strength characteristic, It can be considered most worthy material, the brick and tile that give up, wall ash and timber are secondly.Currently, how the building waste of different values well to be divided Choosing, it is the key that building waste sorting technology that Each answers the purpose intended.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of building waste sorting unit, has and sort convenient, efficiency of separation height, material Utilization rate is high, crushing cutting is steadily dustless, not will cause scrap briquetting product blocking, suitable large-scale promotion.
The scheme that the present invention is taken to achieve the above object are as follows: a kind of building waste sorting unit, including separatory vessel, point Bottom portion is selected to be equipped with fines collection box, separatory vessel upper end is equipped with feeding inlet, is equipped with the fixed link being flexibly connected below feeding inlet, point It selects and is equipped with screening washer in case, screening washer is truncated cone-shaped, and screening washer bottom passes through the second motor of rotary shaft and separatory vessel bottom, sieve Device fan-shaped surface is selected alternately to be evenly equipped with suction iron block and blanking port.By the way that fines collection box is arranged in separatory vessel bottom, it to be used for collection screen More the building waste of particulate, the interior screening washer being arranged of separatory vessel are incited somebody to action for screening the building waste to fall from feeding inlet after choosing Screening washer is truncated cone-shaped, and bottom passes through the second motor of rotary shaft and separatory vessel bottom, so that motor is led to shaft and drives rotator Rotation accelerates the refuse classification on screening washer, and screening washer fan-shaped surface replaces uniformly distributed suction iron block and blanking port, for that will build rubbish Metallics absorptive collection in rubbish, the setting of blanking port fall into the particulate in separatory vessel bottom convenient for the building waste of particulate It is collected in collection box, present apparatus structure is simple, and it is easy to operate, it is suitble to large-scale promotion.
Preferably, being equipped with blanking port, blanking above the delivery pipe other end below the connecting conveying pipe one end of feeding inlet upper end Mouth side-lower is equipped with motor, agitating shaft inside motor connecting conveying pipe, and agitating shaft surface is connected with helical form stirring silk, delivery pipe Middle part is equipped with grinding device, and the nearly feeding inlet one end of delivery pipe is connected with dust catcher, and is equipped with strainer between the two, and dust catcher lower end is set There is sweep-up pipe to be connected to separatory vessel inner upper.The agitating shaft rotation inside delivery pipe is driven by motor, is made under blanking port The building waste fallen is delivered to designated position, sets in the middle part of delivery pipe under the helical form stirring silk effect of agitating shaft surface connection There is grinding device for carrying out pulverization process to building waste, the nearly feeding inlet one end of delivery pipe is connected with dust catcher, for absorbing The dust generated when grinding device grinds up the refuse, meanwhile, the strainer being arranged between the two, for stopping larger particles to suck dust catcher It is interior, it prevents blocking dust catcher suction inlet and stops working, the setting of dust catcher can also accelerate smashed rubbish toward feeding inlet It is mobile, increase pan feeding speed, improves the device efficiency of separation.
Preferably, grinding device, including the symmetrically arranged hemispherical groove of agitating shaft outer wall, it is equipped in hemispherical groove Roller bearing, and on the contrary, roller surface ring is furnished with roll blade, agitating shaft outer wall top connects with injection spray pipe for direction of rotation between two adjacent roller bearings It is logical, roller bearing is set in the symmetrically arranged hemispherical groove of agitating shaft outer wall, hemispherical groove, roller bearing rotation is made to drive roller bearing table The roll blade of face ring cloth rotates, and carries out pulverization process to by the decoction rubbish in agitating shaft, connects above agitating shaft outer wall Injection spray pipe, can be to water mist be sprayed in agitating shaft, so that grinding device is generated in crushing process some fugitive dusts and water The hydrone of mist contacts, and increases self gravity and falls, and reduces pollution of the dust to air, rotation side between two adjacent roller bearings is arranged To on the contrary, making the roll blade on roller bearing in rotary course, the air-flow of formation is annularly distributed in hemispherical groove, accelerates hemispherical recessed Mass exchange inside slot between dust and water mist, lifting device dust treatment effect, simultaneously, moreover it is possible to increase the speed of air motion Degree reduces turbulent flow caused by whirlpool to the reaction force of blade, keeps blade work steady, when blade is close to building waste surface, Caton problem caused by sanitary fill and blocking is not easily caused, makes blade cutting is steadily dustless, not will cause scrap briquetting product to block.
Preferably, separatory vessel upper side is equipped with water inlet pipe, separatory vessel bottom is equipped with fines collection box, fines collection box one Side connects drainpipe, and fines collection box and drainpipe junction are equipped with sieve.By the water inlet pipe being arranged in separatory vessel upper side, For water to be poured into separatory vessel to the screening for carrying out wood materials and irony, stone material, separatory vessel bottom is equipped with fines collection Box, for collecting the particulate building waste to fall after screening from screening washer, fines collection box side connects drainpipe, and being convenient for will Cabinet is discharged in water in separatory vessel, while accelerating the particulate garbage collection of the bottom of box in fines collection box, collection box and row The sieve being arranged between water pipe blocks drainpipe, while facilitating again and arranging water for preventing particulate rubbish from entering in drainpipe Out.
Preferably, separatory vessel two sides are equipped with shaft, shaft lower end connects movable plate, and the outer edge of movable plate is equipped with Gasket, movable plate lowest point are lower than screening washer bottom surface 3-6cm.The shaft of separatory vessel two sides setting can be controlled by rotation Connection movable plate folding in shaft lower end processed, falls into corresponding building waste in corresponding collection box, reaches multiplex screening Purpose, the gasket of the outer edge setting of movable plate, keeps the intracorporal leakproofness of case, prevents water or dust in screening process It therefrom omits out, influences the normal operation of device, setting movable plate lowest point is lower than screening washer bottom surface 3-6cm, is convenient for screening washer The building waste of top accurately falls at movable plate hole and collects.
Preferably, separatory vessel side bottom surface is equipped with timber collection box, separatory vessel other side bottom surface is equipped with case fine crushing, Case side fine crushing is equipped with coarse grain collection box, and case lower end fine crushing is connect by discharge nozzle with the second fines collection box.By sorting Case side bottom surface is equipped with timber collection box, for collecting the timber rubbish contained in building waste, separatory vessel other side bottom surface Case fine crushing is installed, for collecting the building waste in addition to the suspensions class rubbish such as timber retained above screening washer, carry out into One step is fine crushing, will be fine crushing after a part of fine dust, be collected in the second fines collection box by discharge nozzle, case one fine crushing The coarse grain collection box that side is equipped with, for collecting relatively thick building waste after separating twice, whole device sorting rationally, sorting It more refines, convenient for recovery processing, improves the utilization rate of energy regeneration.
Preferably, being equipped with the fast pulley and driving wheel for the rotation that cooperates inside case fine crushing, driving wheel surface loop is furnished with Cutting is equipped with adjusting rod between fast pulley and driving wheel.Fast pulley and the active of the rotation that cooperates are equipped with inside case fine crushing Wheel, driving wheel surface loop, which is furnished with cutting, rotates driving wheel, carries out separating twice to building waste in the motionless situation of fast pulley, Meanwhile the adjusting rod being arranged between fast pulley and driving wheel, for adjusting spacing between fast pulley and driving wheel, to reach pair The crushing effect of building waste various criterion increases the practicability of device.
Preferably, separatory vessel bottom is equipped with stabilizer blade, control panel is set between stabilizer blade in separatory vessel bottom.It is sorting The stabilizer blade of bottom portion installation, conducive to the control panel being arranged between the even running stabilizer blade of device, for one in control device The work of a little dynamical systems, makes whole device more easy, intelligent.
Preferably, fixed link inner cavity is plugged with motor shaft, it is symmetrically arranged with several fixed plates in fixed link, in fixed plate Several motion bars are provided with, motion bar outer wall is fixedly installed with several idler wheels, and idler wheel is symmetrical arranged relative to fixed link, rolling Wheel successively linear arrangement from left to right.It is plugged with motor shaft by the way that fixed link inner cavity is arranged, is symmetrical arranged in fixed link several A fixed plate is provided with several motion bars in fixed plate, and motion bar outer wall is fixedly installed with several idler wheels, enables fixed plate It is enough to be rotated freely under the action of motor shaft, so that the building waste in fixed plate is able to enter corresponding position, improves screening Efficiency.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the benefit that 1) being received by being equipped with timber in separatory vessel side bottom surface Collect box, for collecting the timber rubbish contained in building waste, separatory vessel other side bottom surface is equipped with case fine crushing, is used for collection screen Select the building waste in addition to the suspensions class rubbish such as timber retained above device, carry out it is further fine crushing, will be fine crushing after one Part fine dust is collected in the second fines collection box by discharge nozzle, and the coarse grain collection box that case side fine crushing is equipped with is used for Relatively thick building waste after collection separating twice, whole device sorting is reasonable, sorting more refines, is convenient for recovery processing, Improve the utilization rate of energy regeneration;2) direction of rotation is on the contrary, can accelerate powder inside hemispherical groove between two adjacent roller bearings are arranged Mass exchange between dirt and water mist, lifting device dust treatment effect increase the speed of air motion, reduce rapids caused by whirlpool Flow to the reaction force of blade, keep blade work steady, when blade is close to building waste surface, do not easily cause yet sanitary fill and Caton problem caused by blocking makes blade cutting is steadily dustless, not will cause scrap briquetting product to block;3) dust catcher being arranged is used The dust generated when absorbing grinding device and grinding up the refuse, the strainer being arranged between the two, for stopping larger particles to suck dust suction In device, prevents blocking dust catcher suction inlet and stop working, the setting of dust catcher can also accelerate smashed rubbish toward pan feeding Mouth is mobile, increases pan feeding speed, improves the device efficiency of separation;4) by the way that fines collection box is arranged in separatory vessel bottom, for receiving The building waste of more particulate after collection screening, the screening washer being arranged in separatory vessel, for screen the building rubbish from feeding inlet whereabouts Screening washer is truncated cone-shaped by rubbish, and screening washer fan-shaped surface replaces uniformly distributed suction iron block and blanking port, for by the gold in building waste Belong to substance absorptive collection, the setting of blanking port is fallen into the fines collection box in separatory vessel bottom convenient for the building waste of particulate It collects, present apparatus structure is simple, and it is easy to operate, it is suitble to large-scale promotion.
Present invention employs above-mentioned technical proposals to provide a kind of building waste sorting unit, compensates for the prior art not Foot, reasonable design, easy operation.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is structural schematic diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of fixed plate;
Fig. 3 is the top view of case fine crushing;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of grinding device.
Description of symbols: 1 separatory vessel;2 shafts;3 movable plates;4 timber collection boxes;5 rotary shafts;6 water inlet pipes;7 dust suctions Pipe;8 feeding inlets;9 dust catchers;10 strainers;11 stirring silks;12 injection spray pipes;13 delivery pipes;14 blanking ports;15 motors;16 stirrings Axis;17 grinding devices;18 fixed plates;19 screening washers;20 suction iron blocks;21 blanking ports;22 casees fine crushing;23 coarse grain collection boxes;24 go out Expects pipe;25 second fines collection boxes;26 stabilizer blades;27 control panels;28 second motors;29 fines collection boxes;30 sieves;31 drainings Pipe;32 fixed links;33 idler wheels;34 hemispherical grooves;35 roller bearings;36 roll blades;37 seismic mass;38 first filter screens;39 second Filter screen;40 third filter screens;41 adjusting rods;42 fast pulleys;43 driving wheels;44 cuttings;45 motion bars;46 motor shafts.
Specific embodiment
Technical solution of the present invention is described in further detail with attached drawing with reference to embodiments:
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1-3, the scheme that the present invention is taken to achieve the above object are as follows: a kind of building waste sorting unit, including Separatory vessel 1,1 bottom of separatory vessel are equipped with fines collection box 29, and 1 upper end of separatory vessel is equipped with feeding inlet 8, is equipped with and lives below feeding inlet 8 The fixed link 32 of dynamic connection, separatory vessel 1 is interior to be equipped with screening washer 19, and screening washer 19 is truncated cone-shaped, and 19 bottom of screening washer passes through rotation Second motor 28 of axis 5 and 1 bottom of separatory vessel, 19 fan-shaped surface of screening washer are alternately evenly equipped with suction iron block 20 and blanking port 21.Pass through In separatory vessel bottom, fines collection box is set, for collecting the building waste of more particulate after screening, the sieve of setting in separatory vessel Device is selected, is truncated cone-shaped by screening washer, and bottom passes through rotary shaft and separatory vessel for screening the building waste to fall from feeding inlet Second motor of bottom makes motor lead to shaft and drives rotator rotation, accelerates the refuse classification on screening washer, screening washer fan-shaped surface Alternately uniformly distributed suction iron block and blanking port, for by the metallics absorptive collection in building waste, the setting of blanking port to be convenient for It is collected in the fines collection box that the building waste of particulate is fallen into separatory vessel bottom, present apparatus structure is simple, and it is easy to operate, it is suitble to Large-scale promotion.
Below 8 upper end connecting conveying pipe of feeding inlet, 13 one end, blanking port 14, blanking port are equipped with above 13 other end of delivery pipe 14 side-lowers are equipped with motor 15, and 15 connecting conveying pipe of motor, 13 inside agitating shaft 16,16 surface of agitating shaft is connected with helical form and stirs Silk 11 is mixed, is equipped with grinding device 17 in the middle part of delivery pipe 13, nearly 8 one end of feeding inlet of delivery pipe 13 is connected with dust catcher 9, and between the two Equipped with strainer 10,9 lower end of dust catcher is equipped with sweep-up pipe 7 and is connected to 1 inner upper of separatory vessel.It is driven inside delivery pipe by motor Agitating shaft rotation, make from blanking port fall building waste, agitating shaft surface connection helical form stirring silk effect under, it is defeated It send to designated position, delivery pipe middle part is equipped with grinding device and is used to carry out pulverization process, the nearly feeding inlet of delivery pipe to building waste One end is connected with dust catcher, for absorbing the dust generated when grinding device grinds up the refuse, meanwhile, the strainer being arranged between the two, For stopping to prevent blocking dust catcher suction inlet in larger particles sucking dust catcher and stop working, the setting of dust catcher can also Enough accelerate smashed rubbish mobile toward feeding inlet, increase pan feeding speed, improves the device efficiency of separation.
1 upper side of separatory vessel is equipped with water inlet pipe 6, and 1 bottom of separatory vessel is equipped with fines collection box 29,29 side of fines collection box Drainpipe 31 is connected, fines collection box 29 and 31 junction of drainpipe are equipped with sieve 30.Pass through what is be arranged in separatory vessel upper side Water inlet pipe, for water to be poured into separatory vessel to the screening for carrying out wood materials and irony, stone material, separatory vessel bottom is equipped with thin Grain collection box, for collecting the particulate building waste to fall after screening from screening washer, fines collection box side connects drainpipe, Convenient for cabinet is discharged in the water in separatory vessel, while the particulate garbage collection for accelerating the bottom of box is collected in fines collection box The sieve being arranged between box and drainpipe blocks drainpipe for preventing particulate rubbish from entering in drainpipe, at the same facilitate again by Water discharge.
1 two sides of separatory vessel are equipped with shaft 2, and 2 lower end of shaft connects movable plate 3, and the outer edge of movable plate 3 is equipped with sealing Pad, 3 lowest point of movable plate are lower than 19 bottom surface 5cm of screening washer.The shaft of separatory vessel two sides setting can be turned by rotation control Axis lower end connects movable plate folding, falls into corresponding building waste in corresponding collection box, achievees the purpose that multiplex screening, The gasket of the outer edge setting of movable plate, keeps the intracorporal leakproofness of case, prevents in screening process water or dust therefrom It omits out, influences the normal operation of device, setting movable plate lowest point is lower than screening washer bottom surface 5cm, above screening washer Building waste accurately falls at movable plate hole and collects.
1 side bottom surface of separatory vessel is equipped with timber collection box 4, and 1 other side bottom surface of separatory vessel is equipped with case 22 fine crushing, fine crushing 22 side of case is equipped with coarse grain collection box 23, and 22 lower end of case fine crushing is connect by discharge nozzle 24 with the second fines collection box 25.Pass through Timber collection box is installed in separatory vessel side bottom surface, for collecting the timber rubbish contained in building waste, separatory vessel is another Side bottom surface is equipped with case fine crushing, for collecting the building waste in addition to the suspensions class rubbish such as timber retained above screening washer, Carry out further it is fine crushing, will be fine crushing after a part of fine dust, be collected in the second fines collection box by discharge nozzle, carefully The coarse grain collection box that broken case side is equipped with, for collecting relatively thick building waste after separating twice, whole device sorting is closed Reason, sorting more refine, convenient for recovery processing, improve the utilization rate of energy regeneration.
The fast pulley 42 and driving wheel 43 of the rotation that cooperates are equipped with inside case 22 fine crushing, 43 surface loop of driving wheel, which is furnished with, cuts Tooth 44 is equipped with adjusting rod 41 between fast pulley 42 and driving wheel 43.The fast pulley for the rotation that cooperates is equipped with inside case fine crushing With driving wheel, driving wheel surface loop, which is furnished with cutting, rotates driving wheel, carries out two to building waste in the motionless situation of fast pulley Secondary crushing, meanwhile, the adjusting rod being arranged between fast pulley and driving wheel, for adjusting spacing between fast pulley and driving wheel, To reach the crushing effect to building waste various criterion, increase the practicability of device.
1 bottom of separatory vessel is equipped with stabilizer blade 26, and control panel 27 is set between stabilizer blade 26 in 1 bottom of separatory vessel.It is sorting The stabilizer blade of bottom portion installation, conducive to the control panel being arranged between the even running stabilizer blade of device, for one in control device The work of a little dynamical systems, makes whole device more easy, intelligent.
32 inner cavity of fixed link is plugged with motor shaft 46, several fixed plates 18, fixed plate 18 are symmetrically arranged in fixed link 32 On be provided with several motion bars 45,45 outer wall of motion bar is fixedly installed with several idler wheels 33, and idler wheel 33 is relative to fixed link 33 are symmetrical arranged, the successively linear arrangement from left to right of idler wheel 33.Motor shaft, fixed link are plugged with by the way that fixed link inner cavity is arranged On be symmetrical arranged several fixed plates, several motion bars are provided in fixed plate, motion bar outer wall is fixedly installed with several Idler wheel enables fixed plate that can rotate freely under the action of motor shaft, and the building waste in fixed plate is made to be able to enter phase Position is answered, screening efficiency is improved.
Embodiment 2
As shown in figure 4, the prioritization scheme of the present embodiment on the basis of embodiment 1 are as follows: outside grinding device 17, including agitating shaft 16 The symmetrically arranged hemispherical groove 34 of wall, hemispherical groove 34 is interior to be equipped with roller bearing 35, and 35 direction of rotation phases between two adjacent roller bearings Instead, 35 surface loop of roller bearing is furnished with roll blade 36, is connected to above 16 outer wall of agitating shaft with injection spray pipe 12.It is symmetrically set in agitating shaft outer wall The hemispherical groove set, hemispherical groove is interior to be arranged roller bearing, and roller bearing rotation is made to drive the roll blade rotation of roller surface ring cloth, right Pulverization process is carried out by the decoction rubbish in agitating shaft, the injection spray pipe connected above agitating shaft outer wall can be to agitating shaft Interior ejection water mist, some fugitive dusts for enabling grinding device to generate in crushing process are contacted with the hydrone of water mist, are increased certainly Body gravity and fall, reduce pollution of the dust to air, direction of rotation is on the contrary, make the hobboing cutter on roller bearing between two adjacent roller bearings are arranged In rotary course, the air-flow of formation is annularly distributed in hemispherical groove piece, accelerates inside hemispherical groove between dust and water mist Mass exchange, lifting device dust treatment effect, simultaneously, moreover it is possible to increase the speed of air motion, reduce turbulent flow caused by whirlpool To the reaction force of blade, keep blade work steady, when blade is close to building waste surface, does not also easily cause sanitary fill and stifled Caton problem caused by plug makes blade cutting is steadily dustless, not will cause scrap briquetting product to block.
Above-mentioned 36 surface of roll blade is coated with wear-resistant coating, and wear-resistant coating is made of following component and parts by weight: modified poly- 48 parts of ether ether ketone, 18 parts of novolac epoxy resin, 1 part of curing agent, 0.8 part of methylimidazole, 0.02 part of triproylborate, levelling agent 0.3 part, 0.2 part of flow improver additive, 0.4 part of flexibility agent, 1.3 parts of calgon, 2 parts of pigment, diethyl-dithio amino first 0.2 part of sour diethyl ammonium, 10 parts of filler, the triproylborate in the formula can significantly improve main component modified polyether in coating Intersolubility between ether ketone, novolac epoxy resin, curing agent and levelling agent promotes phase to activate the activity of its active group The progress reacted between mutually, and the protective film that one is uniform, physical mechanical property is splendid is formed in polyether-ether-ketone molecular surface, significantly Intermolecular gap is reduced, the consistency that the present invention coats is improved, effectively obstructs the infiltration of water, oxygen, greatly improve the wear-resisting of blade Corrosion Protection prevents blade from causing surface abrasion to corrode in long-term use, at the same improve this coating preparation efficiency and Quality.
Embodiment 3
A kind of working principle of building waste sorting unit of the present invention are as follows: make motor 15 drive agitating shaft 16 by control panel 27 Work, will need the building waste of crushing and screening to pour into from blanking port 14, under the effect of agitating shaft 16, slowly pass through grinding device It is fallen into separatory vessel 1 after 17 crushing from feeding inlet 8, makes the rotation of fixed plate 18 to vertical plane by motor shaft 46, open water inlet pipe 6 To filling the water in separatory vessel 1, water is made to outsmart fixed plate 18, then adjust fixed plate 18 to horizontal plane, opened water valve and pass through Water in separatory vessel 1 is discharged drainpipe 31, and the second motor 28 of starting drives rotary shaft 5 to rotate, to the building on screening washer 19 Rubbish is filtered, and opens the movable plate 3 of 22 direction of case fine crushing, building waste present on screening washer 19 is received in itself It is fallen under gravity in case 22 fine crushing, continues collection fine crushing, while the collection of fines collection box 29 is filtered out from screening washer 19 Particulate rubbish, then fixed plate 18 is tilted toward 4 direction of timber collection box, and open the work of the top of timber collection box 4 Movable plate 3 collects the timber rubbish in fixed plate 18 by timber collection box 4.
Embodiment 4:
Comparative test:
A kind of building waste sorting unit of the present invention is taken to compare with common building garbage sorting equipment in the market respectively:
As a result: a kind of building waste sorting unit of the invention can be obtained than common building rubbish point in the market by above-mentioned experiment Optional equipment, separating effect is more preferable, the efficiency of separation is higher, and effect on environment is smaller.
The prior art of routine techniques dawn known to those skilled in the art in above-described embodiment, is not chatted in detail herein It states.
The above embodiments are only used to illustrate the present invention, and not limitation of the present invention, the ordinary skill people of this field Member can also make a variety of changes and modification without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention.Therefore, all equivalent Technical solution also belong to scope of the invention, scope of patent protection of the invention should be defined by the claims.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of building waste sorting unit, including separatory vessel (1), separatory vessel (1) bottom is equipped with fines collection box (29), sorting Case (1) upper end is equipped with feeding inlet (8), and the fixed link (32) being flexibly connected is equipped with below feeding inlet (8), is equipped in separatory vessel (1) Screening washer (19), it is characterised in that: the screening washer (19) is truncated cone-shaped, and screening washer (19) bottom passes through rotary shaft (5) With second motor (28) of separatory vessel (1) bottom, screening washer (19) fan-shaped surface is alternately evenly equipped with suction iron block (20) and blanking Mouth (21).
2. a kind of building waste sorting unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: feeding inlet (8) the upper end connection Below delivery pipe (13) one end, blanking port (14) are equipped with above delivery pipe (13) other end, under blanking port (14) side Side is equipped with motor (15), and the internal agitating shaft (16) of motor (15) connecting conveying pipe (13), agitating shaft (16) surface connects It is connected to helical form stirring silk (11), is equipped with grinding device (17) in the middle part of the delivery pipe (13), the nearly pan feeding of the delivery pipe (13) Mouth (8) one end is connected with dust catcher (9), and is equipped with strainer (10) between the two, and dust catcher (9) lower end is equipped with sweep-up pipe (7) It is connected to separatory vessel (1) inner upper.
3. a kind of building waste sorting unit according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the grinding device (17), including The symmetrically arranged hemispherical groove of agitating shaft (16) outer wall (34), the hemispherical groove (34) is interior to be equipped with roller bearing (35), and two (35) direction of rotation between adjacent roller bearing is on the contrary, the roller bearing (35) surface loop is furnished with roll blade (36), and the agitating shaft (16) is outside It is connected to above wall with injection spray pipe (12).
4. a kind of building waste sorting unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: separatory vessel (1) upper side is set Have water inlet pipe (6), separatory vessel (1) bottom is equipped with fines collection box (29), fines collection box (29) the side connection row Water pipe (31), the fines collection box (29) and drainpipe (31) junction are equipped with sieve (30).
5. a kind of building waste sorting unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: separatory vessel (1) two sides are set Have shaft (2), shaft (2) lower end connects movable plate (3), and the outer edge of the movable plate (3) is equipped with gasket, described Movable plate (3) lowest point is lower than screening washer (19) bottom surface 3-6cm.
6. a kind of building waste sorting unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: separatory vessel (1) the side bottom surface It is equipped with timber collection box (4), separatory vessel (1) other side bottom surface is equipped with case fine crushing (22), the case (22) one fine crushing Side is equipped with coarse grain collection box (23), and case (22) lower end fine crushing is connected by discharge nozzle (24) and the second fines collection box (25) It connects.
7. a kind of building waste sorting unit according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: be equipped with inside the case (22) fine crushing Cooperate the fast pulley (42) rotated and driving wheel (43), and driving wheel (43) surface loop is furnished with cutting (44), described solid Adjusting rod (41) are equipped between fixed wheel (42) and driving wheel (43).
8. a kind of building waste sorting unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: separatory vessel (1) the bottom installation Have stabilizer blade (26), control panel (27) are set between the stabilizer blade (26) in separatory vessel (1) bottom.
9. a kind of building waste sorting unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: fixed link (32) the inner cavity grafting Have motor shaft (46), several fixed plates (18) are symmetrically arranged on the fixed link (32), are provided on the fixed plate (18) Several motion bars (45), motion bar (45) outer wall are fixedly installed with several idler wheels (33), and the idler wheel (33) is opposite It is symmetrical arranged in fixed link (32), the idler wheel (33) successively linear arrangement from left to right.
CN201810961757.5A 2018-08-22 2018-08-22 A kind of building waste sorting unit Pending CN109317307A (en)

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