CN109282668A - 一种耐腐蚀冷却装置 - Google Patents

一种耐腐蚀冷却装置 Download PDF

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CN109282668A
CN109282668A CN201811116478.5A CN201811116478A CN109282668A CN 109282668 A CN109282668 A CN 109282668A CN 201811116478 A CN201811116478 A CN 201811116478A CN 109282668 A CN109282668 A CN 109282668A
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liquid nitrogen
inner housing
corrosion
housing
outer housing
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张耀丰
宋佳佳
李政辉
刘男
刘一男
薛保安
王靖虎
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Nanjing General Chemical Equipment Technology Research Institute
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Nanjing General Chemical Equipment Technology Research Institute
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D1/00Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators
    • F28D1/06Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with the heat-exchange conduits forming part of, or being attached to, the tank containing the body of fluid
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D1/00Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators
    • F28D1/02Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid
    • F28D1/04Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid with tubular conduits
    • F28D1/047Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid with tubular conduits the conduits being bent, e.g. in a serpentine or zig-zag
    • F28D1/0472Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid with tubular conduits the conduits being bent, e.g. in a serpentine or zig-zag the conduits being helically or spirally coiled
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F13/00Arrangements for modifying heat-transfer, e.g. increasing, decreasing
    • F28F13/06Arrangements for modifying heat-transfer, e.g. increasing, decreasing by affecting the pattern of flow of the heat-exchange media
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F13/00Arrangements for modifying heat-transfer, e.g. increasing, decreasing
    • F28F13/06Arrangements for modifying heat-transfer, e.g. increasing, decreasing by affecting the pattern of flow of the heat-exchange media
    • F28F13/12Arrangements for modifying heat-transfer, e.g. increasing, decreasing by affecting the pattern of flow of the heat-exchange media by creating turbulence, e.g. by stirring, by increasing the force of circulation
    • F28F13/125Arrangements for modifying heat-transfer, e.g. increasing, decreasing by affecting the pattern of flow of the heat-exchange media by creating turbulence, e.g. by stirring, by increasing the force of circulation by stirring
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F19/00Preventing the formation of deposits or corrosion, e.g. by using filters or scrapers
    • F28F19/02Preventing the formation of deposits or corrosion, e.g. by using filters or scrapers by using coatings, e.g. vitreous or enamel coatings

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Thermal Sciences (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)

Abstract

本发明属于化工设备生产技术领域,特别涉及一种耐腐蚀冷却装置,包括内壳体和外壳体,所述内壳体设置在外壳体内部,所述内壳体与外壳体之间为液氮填充层;外壳体顶部设置液氮输入管;所述内壳体内壁上设置耐腐蚀导热膜,所述内壳体内设置有高温液体流动槽,所述高温液体流动槽沿着内壳体内壁从上至下盘旋设置,所述内壳体上端设置进液管,所述进液管上端伸出外壳体外部,所述进液管下端设置在高温液体流动槽上端的正上方;所述内壳体底部设置出料管;所述外壳体底部设置液氮回流管,所述液氮回流管一端与液氮填充层底部相连,另一端与液氮输入管相连;本发明的装置冷却效果好,冷却效率高,耐腐蚀,使用寿命长。

Description

一种耐腐蚀冷却装置
技术领域
本发明属于化工设备生产技术领域,特别涉及一种耐腐蚀冷却装置。
背景技术
在化工生产当中,尝尝需要采用冷却装置,对热的液体进行冷却;现有技术中常用管是换热器对热的液体进行冷却,现有技术中的换热器往往采用传热较好的金属材料制成换热管进行换热,对于腐蚀性的高温液体,会对其进行腐蚀,降低其使用寿命,且现有的换热装置采用冷却水作为降温介质,要将高温液体降低至较低温度需要很长的时间,降温速度慢,效率低。
发明内容
本发明解决现有技术中存在的上述技术问题,提供一种耐腐蚀冷却装置。
为解决上述问题,本发明的技术方案如下:
一种耐腐蚀冷却装置,包括内壳体和外壳体,所述内壳体设置在外壳体内部,所述内壳体与外壳体之间为液氮填充层;
外壳体顶部设置液氮输入管,所述液氮输入管上端与液氮罐相连,下端插入液氮填充层;
所述内壳体内壁上设置耐腐蚀导热膜,所述内壳体内设置有高温液体流动槽,所述高温液体流动槽沿着内壳体内壁从上至下盘旋设置,所述内壳体上端设置进液管,所述进液管上端伸出外壳体外部,所述进液管下端设置在高温液体流动槽上端的正上方;所述内壳体底部设置出料管,所述出料管下端伸出外壳体外部;
所述外壳体底部设置液氮回流管,所述液氮回流管一端与液氮填充层底部相连,另一端与液氮输入管相连,所述液氮回流管上设置提升泵。
作为本发明的一种改进,所述内壳体的竖直中心轴上设置旋转叶片。可均匀内壳体内的温度。
作为本发明的一种改进,所述液氮回流管设置分支管道,所述分支管道与安全排气瓶相连。可排除多余的氮气,避免体系压力过大。
作为本发明的一种改进,所述高温液体流动槽内间隔设置有第一挡片和第二挡片,所述第一挡片和第二挡片外部形状与高温液体流动槽内壁形状相同,所述第一挡片上设置竖直孔,所述第二挡片上设置水平孔。降低高温液体在高温液体流动槽内的流速,使之充分冷却。
作为本发明的一种改进,所述耐腐蚀导热膜为石墨烯膜或聚四氟乙烯膜。避免内壳体内壁被腐蚀。
相对于现有技术,本发明的优点如下,
本发明的耐腐蚀冷却装置通过设置液氮填充层,可对内壳体内壁上盘旋设置的高温液体流动槽内的高温液体进行冷却,冷却效果好,冷却效率高;通过设置在内壳体内壁上设置耐腐蚀导热膜,避免高温条件下的腐蚀性液体对壳体进行腐蚀,延长使用寿命;通过设置液氮回流管,可液氮进行充分利用,节约资源。
附图说明
图1为耐腐蚀冷却装置结构示意图;
图2为第一挡片结构示意图;
图3为第二挡片结构示意图;
图中:1是内壳体、2是外壳体、3是液氮填充层、4是液氮输入管、5是液氮罐、6是高温液体流动槽、7是进液管、8是出料管、9是液氮回流管、10是旋转叶片、11是分支管道、12是安全排气瓶、13是第一挡片、14是第二挡片。
具体实施方式
实施例1:
参见图1-3,一种耐腐蚀冷却装置,包括内壳体1和外壳体2,所述内壳体1设置在外壳体2内部,所述内壳体1与外壳体2之间为液氮填充层3;
外壳体2顶部设置液氮输入管4,所述液氮输入管4上端与液氮罐5相连,下端插入液氮填充层3;
所述内壳体1内壁上设置耐腐蚀导热膜,所述内壳体1内设置有高温液体流动槽6,所述高温液体流动槽6沿着内壳体1内壁从上至下盘旋设置,所述内壳体1上端设置进液管7,所述进液管7上端伸出外壳体2外部,所述进液管7下端设置在高温液体流动槽6上端的正上方;所述内壳体1底部设置出料管8,所述出料管8下端伸出外壳体2外部;
所述外壳体2底部设置液氮回流管9,所述液氮回流管9一端与液氮填充层3底部相连,另一端与液氮输入管4相连,所述液氮回流管上设置提升泵。
实施例2:
参见图1-3,作为本发明的一种改进,所述内壳体1的竖直中心轴上设置旋转叶片10。可均匀内壳体1内的温度。
实施例3:
参见图1-3,作为本发明的一种改进,所述液氮回流管9设置分支管道11,所述分支管道11与安全排气瓶12相连。可排除多余的氮气,避免体系压力过大。
实施例4:
参见图1-3,作为本发明的一种改进,所述高温液体流动槽6内间隔设置有第一挡片13和第二挡片14,所述第一挡片13和第二挡片14外部形状与高温液体流动槽6内壁形状相同,所述第一挡片13上设置竖直孔,所述第二挡片14上设置水平孔。降低高温液体在高温液体流动槽6内的流速,使之充分冷却。
实施例5:
参见图1-3,作为本发明的一种改进,所述耐腐蚀导热膜为石墨烯膜或聚四氟乙烯膜。避免内壳体1内壁被腐蚀。
本发明还可以将实施例2、3、4、5所述技术特征中的至少一个与实施例1组合形成新的实施方式。
需要说明的是上述实施例仅仅是本发明的较佳实施例,并没有用来限定本发明的保护范围,在上述基础上做出的等同替换或者替代均属于本发明的保护范围。

Claims (5)

1.一种耐腐蚀冷却装置,其特征在于,包括内壳体和外壳体,所述内壳体设置在外壳体内部,所述内壳体与外壳体之间为液氮填充层;
外壳体顶部设置液氮输入管,所述液氮输入管上端与液氮罐相连,下端插入液氮填充层;所述内壳体内壁上设置耐腐蚀导热膜,所述内壳体内设置有高温液体流动槽,所述高温液体流动槽沿着内壳体内壁从上至下盘旋设置,所述内壳体上端设置进液管,所述进液管上端伸出外壳体外部,所述进液管下端设置在高温液体流动槽上端的正上方;所述内壳体底部设置出料管,所述出料管下端伸出外壳体外部;
所述外壳体底部设置液氮回流管,所述液氮回流管一端与液氮填充层底部相连,另一端与液氮输入管相连,所述液氮回流管上设置提升泵。
2.如权利要求1所述的耐腐蚀冷却装置,其特征在于,所述内壳体的竖直中心轴上设置旋转叶片。
3.如权利要求1所述的耐腐蚀冷却装置,其特征在于,所述液氮回流管设置分支管道,所述分支管道与安全排气瓶相连。
4.如权利要求1所述的耐腐蚀冷却装置,其特征在于,所述高温液体流动槽内间隔设置有第一挡片和第二挡片,所述第一挡片和第二挡片外部形状与高温液体流动槽内壁形状相同,所述第一挡片上设置竖直孔,所述第二挡片上设置水平孔。
5.如权利要求1所述的耐腐蚀冷却装置,其特征在于,所述耐腐蚀导热膜为石墨烯膜或聚四氟乙烯膜。
CN201811116478.5A 2018-09-25 2018-09-25 一种耐腐蚀冷却装置 Pending CN109282668A (zh)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114484262A (zh) * 2022-02-11 2022-05-13 中国科学院上海微系统与信息技术研究所 一种杜瓦瓶

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CN106401971A (zh) * 2016-11-24 2017-02-15 浙江创为真空设备有限公司 一种螺杆真空泵的泵体
CN207059186U (zh) * 2017-07-04 2018-03-02 南宁市诚通管材有限公司 一种新型pe管冷却装置

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CN202893353U (zh) * 2012-10-24 2013-04-24 常州爱匹克斯生物医药研究所有限公司 反应釜
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114484262A (zh) * 2022-02-11 2022-05-13 中国科学院上海微系统与信息技术研究所 一种杜瓦瓶
CN114484262B (zh) * 2022-02-11 2022-11-08 中国科学院上海微系统与信息技术研究所 一种杜瓦瓶

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