CN109268825A - A kind of novel diesel burner - Google Patents

A kind of novel diesel burner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109268825A
CN109268825A CN201811274246.2A CN201811274246A CN109268825A CN 109268825 A CN109268825 A CN 109268825A CN 201811274246 A CN201811274246 A CN 201811274246A CN 109268825 A CN109268825 A CN 109268825A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat
quirk
guiding column
burner
burner shell
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Granted
Application number
CN201811274246.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109268825B (en
Inventor
衷诚辉
胡江海
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SHUNDE DISTRICT OF FOSHAN CITY BLUE PUI ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
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SHUNDE DISTRICT OF FOSHAN CITY BLUE PUI ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201811274246.2A priority Critical patent/CN109268825B/en
Publication of CN109268825A publication Critical patent/CN109268825A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN109268825B publication Critical patent/CN109268825B/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D11/00Burners using a direct spraying action of liquid droplets or vaporised liquid into the combustion space
    • F23D11/005Burners using a direct spraying action of liquid droplets or vaporised liquid into the combustion space with combinations of different spraying or vaporising means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D11/00Burners using a direct spraying action of liquid droplets or vaporised liquid into the combustion space
    • F23D11/36Details, e.g. burner cooling means, noise reduction means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D11/00Burners using a direct spraying action of liquid droplets or vaporised liquid into the combustion space
    • F23D11/36Details, e.g. burner cooling means, noise reduction means
    • F23D11/44Preheating devices; Vaporising devices
    • F23D11/441Vaporising devices incorporated with burners

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of novel diesel burners, including burner shell, heat-resisting wind-guiding column burner shell is in hollow structure, heat-resisting wind-guiding column is equipped in burner casing body, heat-resisting wind-guiding column makes the inner cavity of burner shell form the quirk that head and the tail communicate, the outside of burner shell is equipped with ignitron, heat-resisting wind-guiding column ignitron makes quirk be in communication with the outside, the pipeline that ignites is equipped with oil inlet pipe and ignition electrode, the oil outlet of heat-resisting wind-guiding column oil inlet pipe is equipped with the atomization oil nozzle for making diesel liquid particle enter quirk in the form of spraying cone, product realizes flameless combustion effect, increase efficiency of combustion, eliminate carbon distribution, reduce pollution, the present invention is set not generate pollution to food and environment.

Description

A kind of novel diesel burner
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of novel diesel burners.
Background technique
Diesel oil has many advantages as a kind of liquid fuel, and not only calorific value is high, but also transports, and stores and using all very safe Conveniently, therefore, there is irreplaceable status in many local diesel fuel burners, such as the logistics support system of army, also Such as oil field, the remote districts such as mine, most of existing diesel fuel burner or using diesel oil atomization diffusion type combustion technology, make The combustion efficiency for obtaining diesel fuel burner is not ideal enough, causes carbon distribution seriously and pollution is very big, do not meet the standard of clean energy resource, It is not able to satisfy the demand of Chinese food heating and non-staple foodstuff heating.
Therefore, it is necessary to be further improved.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome above-mentioned the shortcomings of the prior art, and a kind of novel diesel burner is provided, It is intended to solve one of above-mentioned technical problem in the prior art at least to a certain extent.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this:
A kind of novel diesel burner, including burner shell, heat-resisting wind-guiding column, burner shell are in hollow structure, combustion Heat-resisting wind-guiding column is equipped in burner shell, heat-resisting wind-guiding column makes the inner cavity of burner shell form the quirk that head and the tail communicate, burning The outside of device shell is equipped with ignitron, and heat-resisting wind-guiding column ignitron makes quirk be in communication with the outside, and the pipeline that ignites is equipped with oil inlet pipe And ignition electrode, the oil outlet of oil inlet pipe are equipped with the fogging oil for making diesel liquid particle enter quirk in the form of spraying cone Mouth.
The inlet end of the ignitron is equipped with air blower.
The outer wall of the heat-resisting wind-guiding column and/or the inner wall of burner shell are equipped with heat radiation layer.
The perspective plane of the heat-resisting wind-guiding column and the inner cavity perspective plane of burner shell are rounded, and heat-resisting wind-guiding column is set It is placed on the bottom centre position of burner shell, forms the quirk in annulus shape, ignitron is set to the tangent line side of quirk Upwards.
The top of the burner shell is equipped with exhanst gas outlet.
The position that the top of the heat-resisting wind-guiding column corresponds to exhanst gas outlet is equipped with heat radiation circular arc face.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
It is simultaneously real that the quirk that head and the tail communicate can make the liquid diesel particle near the tongues of fire and fiery root in warm-up phase meet Self existing heating, is vaporized liquid diesel particle before completely burned, and make combustion air preheated in high temperature, cooperates diesel oil liquid In the case that body particle enters quirk in the form of spraying cone, in the sufficiently high quirk of ignition temperature, diesel liquid particle The quick-fried phenomenon of liquid can be generated and cause chain reaction, make diesel oil high-velocity combustion, realize flameless combustion effect, increase efficiency of combustion, disappear Carbon remover reduces pollution, and the present invention is made not generate pollution to food and environment.
Additional aspect and advantage of the invention will become obviously in following description section, or practice through the invention Recognize.
Detailed description of the invention
It, below will be to attached drawing needed in embodiment description in order to illustrate more clearly of technical solution of the present invention It is briefly described.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram that the embodiment of the present invention is overlooked.
Fig. 2 is the positive structural schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of side of the embodiment of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
Referring to figures 1-3, the utility model diesel fuel burner, including burner shell 1, heat-resisting 2 burner shell 1 of wind-guiding column are in Hollow structure, burner shell 1 is interior to be equipped with heat-resisting wind-guiding column 2, and heat-resisting wind-guiding column 2 makes the inner cavity of burner shell 1 form head and the tail The quirk 3 communicated, the outside of burner shell 1 are equipped with ignitron 11, and heat-resisting 2 ignitron 11 of wind-guiding column makes quirk 3 and the external world even Logical, ignitron 11 is equipped with oil inlet pipe 4 and ignition electrode 5, and the oil outlet of heat-resisting 2 oil inlet pipe 4 of wind-guiding column, which is equipped with, makes diesel oil liquid Body particle enters the atomization oil nozzle 41 of quirk 3 in the form of spraying cone, and the quirk 3 communicated from beginning to end can make in warm-up phase Liquid diesel particle near the tongues of fire and fiery root meets and heats, and is vaporized liquid diesel particle before completely burned, and Combustion air preheated in high temperature, in the case where cooperating diesel liquid particle to enter quirk 3 in the form of spraying cone, in burning temperature It spends in sufficiently high quirk, diesel liquid particle generates the quick-fried phenomenon of liquid and causes chain reaction, makes diesel oil high-velocity combustion, realizes nothing Flame combustion efficiency increases efficiency of combustion, eliminates carbon distribution, reduces pollution, and the present invention is made not generate pollution to food and environment.
Further, the inlet end of ignitron 11 is equipped with air blower (being not drawn into figure), can make to burn required combustion-supporting Air enters in quirk 3.
Further, the inner wall of the outer wall of heat-resisting wind-guiding column 2 and/or burner shell 1 is equipped with heat radiation layer 6, this reality It applies and is equipped with heat radiation layer 6 on the outer wall of heat-resisting wind-guiding column 2 and the inner wall of burner shell 1 in example, what heat radiation layer 6 generated Combustion velocity and combustion reaction temperature in quirk 3 can be improved in heat, to faster enter high-velocity combustion state.
Further, the perspective plane of heat-resisting wind-guiding column 2 and the inner cavity perspective plane of burner shell 1 are rounded, heat-resisting Wind-guiding column 2 is set on the bottom centre position of burner shell 1, forms the quirk 3 in annulus shape, and heat-resisting wind-guiding column 2 draws Combustion pipe 11 is set in the tangential direction of quirk 3, and the quirk 3 of annulus shape cooperates the ignitron 11 in its tangential direction, can be with Be conducive to the diffusion of flame when warm-up phase, to faster make atomized liquid diesel oil fast vaporizing, improve combustion efficiency.
Further, the top of burner shell 1 is equipped with exhanst gas outlet 12, is different from tradition by the side of thermal-flame heat transfer Formula, completely burned generates high-temperature flue gas to diesel oil as a vapor in the present embodiment, cooperates the high speed jet at ignitron 11, from Exhanst gas outlet 12 discharges heat outward, has the very high thermal efficiency.
Further, the position that the top of heat-resisting wind-guiding column 2 corresponds to exhanst gas outlet 12 is equipped with heat radiation circular arc face 21, The surface area for increasing the heat radiation layer 6 of heat-resisting wind-guiding column 2, to improve heat-transfer effect.
The working principle of the invention and the course of work are such that
Firstly, the required air that burns enters in quirk 3 under the action of air blower, meanwhile, diesel oil is in atomization oil nozzle 41 Under the action of to quirk 3 spray, formed diesel oil liquid particulate injection bullet, ignition electrode 5 discharge, diesel oil liquid particulate kindling Burning;
Then, the diesel particulate after kindling will be burnt in a manner of diffusion combustion, together with combustion air, from ignitron 11 enter annular quirk 3, the flame edge annular 3 rotary combustion of quirk for generation of burning and the entire sky that will be filled with annular quirk 3 Between, the liquid diesel particle near the tongues of fire and fiery root meets and heats, at this point, operative liquid diesel particulate is complete in liquid form It will be vaporized before full burning, to start to burn in the form of diesel steam, due to volume energy after the diesel particulate vaporization of liquid Increase by hundreds times, therefore can also be greatly increased with the contact area of fuel-air is helped, to make the combustion reaction temperature in quirk 3 Rapid increase, meanwhile, the temperature of combustion air also increases substantially, and combustion reaction temperature is further increased, what is mutually promoted In circulation, flame temperature will be risen rapidly;
At the initial stage of ignition, since the speed of combustion reaction is slower, the temperature of flame is relatively low, so diesel oil is complete Distance needed for burning is also longer, and it is also longer to be formed by flame, to be generally full of entire quirk 3, with combustion reaction plus By force with the raising of flame temperature, flame can be shorter and shorter, multi-turn rotation ability after-flame is needed since just, latter circle can fire in place To the greatest extent, the length of flame is constantly reduced, but the temperature in quirk 3 will be increased constantly;
Then, diesel liquid particle after atomization is injected in the form of spraying cone from the tangential direction of rotation quirk 3 When in the quirk 3 of high temperature, since environment temperature is very high, the quick-fried phenomenon of liquid is produced, the quick-fried phenomenon of liquid refers to diesel liquid particle in height Instant vaporization in the environment of temperature and the explosion phenomenon generated are (when water droplet is fallen into the oil of high temperature in similar life, produced by water droplet Explosion phenomenon be a kind of quick-fried phenomenon of liquid), those skilled in the art are appreciated that the quick-fried phenomenon of liquid keeps combustion reaction further Reinforce, into the high-velocity combustion stage;
Because the burning velocity of high-velocity combustion is quickly, time short, required space needed for completing combustion reaction It is small, it is very short to burn flame caused by reacting, and be able to achieve flameless combustion effect, the product of diesel oil high-velocity combustion can be used thoroughly dry Net to describe, even excess air coefficient very little, superfluous oxygen content is good close to also having in the case where zero in flue gas Combustion conditions, the content of harmful gas such as CO is also very low in flue gas, and the content of harmful gas is typically all to approach in normal lower flue gas In zero, as incomplete combustion, phenomena such as analysing carbon, will not generate during normal use, and discharge index is much better than Therefore natural gas and liquefied gas can become a kind of clean energy resource using diesel oil after diesel oil high-velocity combustion technology.
Above-described embodiment is preferred embodiment of the invention, and the present invention can also have other embodiments.The technology of this field Personnel can also make equivalent deformation or replacement on the premise of without prejudice to spirit of the invention, these equivalent variation or replacement are wrapped It is contained in range set by the claim of this application.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of novel diesel burner, including burner shell (1), the burner shell (1) is in hollow structure, feature It is, heat-resisting wind-guiding column (2) is equipped in the burner shell (1), and heat-resisting wind-guiding column (2) makes the inner cavity of burner shell (1) The quirk (3) that head and the tail communicate is formed, the outside of burner shell (1) is equipped with ignitron (11), and the ignitron (11) makes quirk (3) it is in communication with the outside, ignitron (11) road is equipped with oil inlet pipe (4) and ignition electrode (5), the oil outlet of the oil inlet pipe (4) Equipped with the atomization oil nozzle (41) for making diesel liquid particle enter quirk (3) in the form of spraying cone.
2. novel diesel burner according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the inlet end of the ignitron (11) is equipped with drum Blower.
3. novel diesel burner according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the outer wall of the heat-resisting wind-guiding column (2) and/or The inner wall of burner shell (1) is equipped with heat radiation layer (6).
4. novel diesel burner according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the perspective plane of the heat-resisting wind-guiding column (2) with And the inner cavity perspective plane of burner shell (1) is rounded, heat-resisting wind-guiding column (2) is set in the bottom of burner shell (1) On heart position, the quirk (3) in annulus shape is formed, the ignitron (11) is set in the tangential direction of quirk (3).
5. any one of -4 novel diesel burner according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the burner shell (1) Top is equipped with exhanst gas outlet (12).
6. novel diesel burner according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: the top of the heat-resisting wind-guiding column (2) is corresponding It is facial (21) that the position of exhanst gas outlet (12) is equipped with heat radiation circular arc.
CN201811274246.2A 2018-10-26 2018-10-26 Diesel burner Active CN109268825B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811274246.2A CN109268825B (en) 2018-10-26 2018-10-26 Diesel burner

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811274246.2A CN109268825B (en) 2018-10-26 2018-10-26 Diesel burner

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109268825A true CN109268825A (en) 2019-01-25
CN109268825B CN109268825B (en) 2023-10-17

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Citations (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS58193007A (en) * 1983-04-14 1983-11-10 Sanyo Electric Co Ltd Combustion apparatus for liquid fuel
CN1102246A (en) * 1993-10-25 1995-05-03 邓和平 Premixing high-intensity combustion technology and burner
CN1243217A (en) * 1999-06-09 2000-02-02 马万俊 Light hydrocarbon fuel combustion machine
JP2002295332A (en) * 2001-03-29 2002-10-09 Denso Corp Fuel injection device
US20040058290A1 (en) * 2001-06-28 2004-03-25 Joshua Mauzey Self-sustaining premixed pilot burner for liquid fuels
CN2713307Y (en) * 2003-12-08 2005-07-27 李咸和 Multi-purpose diesel oil burner
KR20050106247A (en) * 2004-05-04 2005-11-09 송종은 A burner used the waste oil
CN202012913U (en) * 2010-12-20 2011-10-19 洛阳瑞昌石油化工设备有限公司 Novel flue gas self-reflux low-oxygen combustor
CN203240889U (en) * 2012-11-12 2013-10-16 桂林市淦隆环保科技有限公司 Low-melting-point alloy energy-saving and environment-friendly smelting furnace adopting alcohol-based fuel for heating
CN104296134A (en) * 2014-09-28 2015-01-21 力聚热力设备科技有限公司 Short-flame and large-diameter diesel burner
CN204114933U (en) * 2014-09-28 2015-01-21 力聚热力设备科技有限公司 A kind of short flame major diameter diesel fuel burner
CN204786384U (en) * 2015-07-08 2015-11-18 宁安市东京城镇植忠常压锅炉厂 Energy -efficient environmental protection alcohol group fuel combustor
CN206001463U (en) * 2016-08-03 2017-03-08 江苏柯恒石化电力机械有限公司 Petrochemical heating furnace is with low nitrogen environment protection combustor
CN107044635A (en) * 2017-03-16 2017-08-15 云南航天工业有限公司 A kind of low pressure diesel evaporation atomization combustion head
CN209042335U (en) * 2018-10-26 2019-06-28 佛山市顺德区蓝贝电器设备股份有限公司 Novel diesel burner

Patent Citations (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS58193007A (en) * 1983-04-14 1983-11-10 Sanyo Electric Co Ltd Combustion apparatus for liquid fuel
CN1102246A (en) * 1993-10-25 1995-05-03 邓和平 Premixing high-intensity combustion technology and burner
CN1243217A (en) * 1999-06-09 2000-02-02 马万俊 Light hydrocarbon fuel combustion machine
JP2002295332A (en) * 2001-03-29 2002-10-09 Denso Corp Fuel injection device
US20040058290A1 (en) * 2001-06-28 2004-03-25 Joshua Mauzey Self-sustaining premixed pilot burner for liquid fuels
CN2713307Y (en) * 2003-12-08 2005-07-27 李咸和 Multi-purpose diesel oil burner
KR20050106247A (en) * 2004-05-04 2005-11-09 송종은 A burner used the waste oil
CN202012913U (en) * 2010-12-20 2011-10-19 洛阳瑞昌石油化工设备有限公司 Novel flue gas self-reflux low-oxygen combustor
CN203240889U (en) * 2012-11-12 2013-10-16 桂林市淦隆环保科技有限公司 Low-melting-point alloy energy-saving and environment-friendly smelting furnace adopting alcohol-based fuel for heating
CN104296134A (en) * 2014-09-28 2015-01-21 力聚热力设备科技有限公司 Short-flame and large-diameter diesel burner
CN204114933U (en) * 2014-09-28 2015-01-21 力聚热力设备科技有限公司 A kind of short flame major diameter diesel fuel burner
CN204786384U (en) * 2015-07-08 2015-11-18 宁安市东京城镇植忠常压锅炉厂 Energy -efficient environmental protection alcohol group fuel combustor
CN206001463U (en) * 2016-08-03 2017-03-08 江苏柯恒石化电力机械有限公司 Petrochemical heating furnace is with low nitrogen environment protection combustor
CN107044635A (en) * 2017-03-16 2017-08-15 云南航天工业有限公司 A kind of low pressure diesel evaporation atomization combustion head
CN209042335U (en) * 2018-10-26 2019-06-28 佛山市顺德区蓝贝电器设备股份有限公司 Novel diesel burner

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