CN109230467A - A kind of piston type charger - Google Patents

A kind of piston type charger Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109230467A
CN109230467A CN201811147051.1A CN201811147051A CN109230467A CN 109230467 A CN109230467 A CN 109230467A CN 201811147051 A CN201811147051 A CN 201811147051A CN 109230467 A CN109230467 A CN 109230467A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
feeding
passage
feeding passage
piston type
housing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811147051.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
薛涛
辛本恩
孟健
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Anhui Ke Mao Energy Science Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Anhui Ke Mao Energy Science Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Anhui Ke Mao Energy Science Co Ltd filed Critical Anhui Ke Mao Energy Science Co Ltd
Priority to CN201811147051.1A priority Critical patent/CN109230467A/en
Publication of CN109230467A publication Critical patent/CN109230467A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/82Rotary or reciprocating members for direct action on articles or materials, e.g. pushers, rakes, shovels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G65/00Loading or unloading
    • B65G65/30Methods or devices for filling or emptying bunkers, hoppers, tanks, or like containers, of interest apart from their use in particular chemical or physical processes or their application in particular machines, e.g. not covered by a single other subclass
    • B65G65/34Emptying devices
    • B65G65/40Devices for emptying otherwise than from the top
    • B65G65/46Devices for emptying otherwise than from the top using screw conveyors

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of piston type chargers, it include: outer housing, charging ram and driving mechanism, wherein: linearly extended feeding passage is equipped with inside outer housing, the one end open of the feeding passage is to form discharge port, feeding passage side wall is equipped with feed inlet, is equipped with the formed punch being slidably matched with it inside feeding passage;Charging ram one end is protruded into charging feeding passage by one end far from the feed inlet and is connect with formed punch, and charging ram is connect far from one end of feeding passage with driving mechanism, and the driving mechanism is used to that charging ram to be driven to move back and forth along the extending direction of feeding passage.The present invention is of less demanding to shape size to material, does not need to be crushed material, blocking phenomenon will not occurs, and single feeding capacity is big, so as to effectively improve feeding efficiency, reduces operating cost.

Description

A kind of piston type charger
Technical field
The present invention relates to charger technical field more particularly to a kind of piston type chargers.
Background technique
Waste plastic catalytic pyrolysis generate fuel oil technique in, since material density small size is big, and shape and Material is complicated, and currently used screw feeder inlet amount lacks low efficiency, and blocking phenomenon often occurs, causes to stop production and repair Clearance time is too long, and loss is big and influences yield.
Summary of the invention
To solve technical problem present in background technique, the present invention proposes a kind of piston type charger.
A kind of piston type charger proposed by the present invention, comprising: outer housing, charging ram and driving mechanism, in which:
Linearly extended feeding passage is equipped with inside outer housing, the one end open of the feeding passage to form discharge port, Feeding passage side wall is equipped with feed inlet, is equipped with the formed punch being slidably matched with it inside feeding passage;
Charging ram one end is protruded into charging feeding passage by one end far from the feed inlet and is connect with formed punch, charging ram One end far from feeding passage is connect with driving mechanism, and the driving mechanism is for driving charging ram along the extension side of feeding passage To reciprocating movement.
Preferably, feed inlet is conical opening, and its internal diameter from close to feeding passage one end to far from feeding passage one Successively successively decrease at end.
Preferably, discharge outlet is equipped with the discharge head being detachably connected with it, is equipped with inside discharge head and connects with feeding passage Logical discharging channel, the discharging channel is conical opening, and its internal diameter is from one end close to feeding passage to far from feeding passage One end successively successively decrease.
Preferably, the gate valve for controlling on-off between the two is equipped between feed inlet and discharge port.
Preferably, feed hopper is installed at feed inlet.
Preferably, it is equipped with the screw rod arranged vertically in feed hopper, is equipped in feed hopper for driving the screw rod to turn Dynamic power mechanism.
Preferably, screw rod is conical screw.
Preferably, feeding passage includes being sequentially arranged feeding-passage section and tapping channel section along its length, and described The internal diameter of tapping channel section is less than the internal diameter of the feeding-passage section;The feed inlet is located on the side wall of feeding-passage section, institute It states discharge port and is located at the one end of tapping channel section far from feeding-passage section.
Preferably, outer housing include the first barrel and positioned at first barrel one end and be detachably connected with the first barrel Two barrels, the inside of first barrel are equipped with channel to form feeding-passage section, channel are equipped with inside the second barrel to be formed Tapping channel section.
Preferably, material channel is equipped with the pull rod and sliding rail extended linearly, pull rod and sliding rail phase far from one end of its discharge port It is fixedly connected respectively to the two sides for being arranged in feeding-passage and with outer housing;The charging ram is between pull rod and sliding rail and leads to Cross support frame respectively with pull rod and sliding rail slidable fit.
It preferably, further include support base, and the support base is fixedly connected with outer housing;The sliding rail is fixedly mounted on support On seat, and one end of sliding rail is fixedly connected with outer housing;One end of the pull rod is fixedly connected with outer housing, and far from outer housing One end be fixedly connected by support rod with support base.
Preferably, driving mechanism is fixedly mounted on support base.
In the present invention, is cooperated using driving mechanism with charging ram and formed punch is pushed to move in feeding passage, to will enter Material in feeding-passage is pushed to discharge outlet and is discharged by discharge port using the formation squeezed, and this feeding manner is to material It is of less demanding to shape size, it does not need to be crushed material, blocking phenomenon will not occur, and single feeding capacity is big, from And can effectively improve feeding efficiency, reduce operating cost.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of piston type charger proposed by the present invention.
Specific embodiment
As shown in FIG. 1, FIG. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagrams of piston type charger proposed by the present invention.
Referring to Fig.1, a kind of piston type charger proposed by the present invention, comprising: outer housing 1, charging ram 2 and driving mechanism 3, Wherein:
Inside outer housing 1 be equipped with linearly extended feeding passage, the one end open of the feeding passage to form discharge port, Feeding passage side wall is equipped with feed inlet, is equipped with the formed punch 13 being slidably matched with it inside feeding passage.2 one end of charging ram is by separate One end of the feed inlet is protruded into charging feeding passage and connect with formed punch 13, the one end of charging ram 2 far from feeding passage and Driving mechanism 3 connects, and the driving mechanism 3 is used to that charging ram 2 to be driven to move back and forth along the extending direction of feeding passage.
When the invention works, being cooperated using driving mechanism 3 with charging ram 2 pushes formed punch 13 to move in feeding passage, from And the material entered in feeding-passage is pushed to discharge outlet using the formation squeezed and is discharged by discharge port, this feeding side Formula is of less demanding to shape size to material, does not need to be crushed material, blocking phenomenon, and single feeding will not occurs Amount is big, so as to effectively improve feeding efficiency, reduces operating cost.
In addition, feed inlet is conical opening in the present embodiment, and its internal diameter is from one end close to feeding passage to far from feeding Successively successively decrease the one end in channel.By the setting of feed inlet setting pyramidal structure convenient for hindering material to advance, make in feeding passage Material consolidation, and then can effectively hinder the gas in reaction kettle excessive by feeding passage.In addition, overhauling and tieing up for convenience Shield can be the discharge head 4 being detachably connected with it to be arranged in discharge outlet, in discharge head 4 in embodiment at another Portion is equipped with the discharging channel being connected to feeding passage, and the discharging channel is conical opening, and its internal diameter is by close to feeding passage Successively successively decrease to one end far from feeding passage one end.
It is equipped with the gate valve 12 for controlling on-off between the two in the present embodiment, between feed inlet and discharge port, works as stopping Closing gate valve 12 makes in not on-state between discharge port and discharge port when feeding, will be gas-insulated in reaction kettle.
In the present embodiment, feed hopper 5 is installed, and the screw rod 6 arranged vertically is equipped in feed hopper 5 at feed inlet, into Power mechanism 7 for driving the screw rod 6 to rotate is installed on material hopper 5, when work, waste plastic is passed through into conveyer belt conveying To feed hopper 5, drive the rotation of screw rod 6 that the material in feed hopper 5 has been pressed into transfer passage by power mechanism 7, And push feeding is carried out by charging ram 2.
In the present embodiment, screw rod 6 is conical screw, so that it, which match with feed hopper 5, improves pusher effect.
In the present embodiment, feeding passage include be sequentially arranged feeding-passage section and tapping channel section along its length, and The internal diameter of the tapping channel section is less than the internal diameter of the feeding-passage section;The feed inlet is located at the side wall of feeding-passage section On, the discharge port is located at the one end of tapping channel section far from feeding-passage section.The setting of the structure may insure in feeding Material filling in tapping channel section is enriched, and the gas that can increase in single feeding capacity and reaction kettle passes through feeding Channel is excessive.
In the present embodiment, outer housing 1 include the first barrel 101 and be located at 101 one end of the first barrel and with the first barrel 101 The second barrel 102 being detachably connected, the inside of first barrel 101 are equipped with channel to form feeding-passage section, the second material 102 inside of cylinder is equipped with channel to form tapping channel section, the easy access of segmented mounting structure and maintenance.
In the present embodiment, material channel is equipped with the pull rod 8 and sliding rail 9 that extend linearly far from one end of its discharge port, pull rod 8 with Sliding rail 9 is oppositely disposed in the two sides of feeding-passage and is fixedly connected respectively with outer housing 1;The charging ram 2 is located at pull rod 8 and slides Between rail 9 and by support frame 10 respectively with 9 slidable fit of pull rod 8 and sliding rail.The setting of the structure can effectively ensure pusher The stationarity that bar 2 moves.
It further include support base 11 in the present embodiment, and the support base 11 is fixedly connected with outer housing 1;The sliding rail 9 is fixed It is mounted on support base 11, and one end of sliding rail 9 is fixedly connected with outer housing 1;One end of the pull rod 8 and outer housing 1 are fixed Connection, and one end far from outer housing 1 is fixedly connected by support rod with support base 11;The driving mechanism 3 is fixedly mounted on On support base 11.The setting of the structure can effectively ensure in the charger relative securement between each component.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, but scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto, Anyone skilled in the art in the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, according to the technique and scheme of the present invention and its Inventive concept is subject to equivalent substitution or change, should be covered by the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of piston type charger characterized by comprising outer housing (1), charging ram (2) and driving mechanism (3), in which:
Linearly extended feeding passage is equipped with inside outer housing (1), the one end open of the feeding passage is sent to form discharge port Expect that channel side wall is equipped with feed inlet, is equipped with the formed punch (13) being slidably matched with it inside feeding passage;
Charging ram (2) one end is protruded into charging feeding passage by one end far from the feed inlet and is connect with formed punch (13), pushes away Material bar (2) is connect far from one end of feeding passage with driving mechanism (3), and the driving mechanism (3) is for driving charging ram (2) edge The extending direction of feeding passage moves back and forth.
2. piston type charger according to claim 1, which is characterized in that feed inlet is conical opening, and its internal diameter is by leaning on Successively successively decrease to one end far from feeding passage one end of nearly feeding passage.
3. piston type charger according to claim 1, which is characterized in that discharge outlet is equipped with to be detachably connected with it Discharge head (4), discharge head (4) is internal to be equipped with the discharging channel being connected to feeding passage, and the discharging channel is conical opening, and its Internal diameter successively successively decreases from one end close to feeding passage to one end far from feeding passage.
4. piston type charger according to claim 1, which is characterized in that be equipped between feed inlet and discharge port for controlling Make the gate valve (12) of on-off between the two.
5. piston type charger according to claim 1, which is characterized in that install feed hopper (5) at feed inlet;It is preferred that Ground, feed hopper (5) is interior to be equipped with the screw rod (6) arranged vertically, is equipped in feed hopper (5) for driving the screw rod (6) to turn Dynamic power mechanism (7);Preferably, screw rod (6) is conical screw.
6. piston type charger according to any one of claims 1-5, which is characterized in that feeding passage includes along its length Degree direction is sequentially arranged feeding-passage section and tapping channel section, and the internal diameter of the tapping channel section is less than the feeding-passage section Internal diameter;The feed inlet is located on the side wall of feeding-passage section, and the discharge port is located at tapping channel section far from feeding-passage One end of section.
7. piston type charger according to claim 6, which is characterized in that outer housing (1) include the first barrel (101) and Positioned at the first barrel (101) one end and the second barrel (102) for being detachably connected with the first barrel (101), first barrel (101) inside is equipped with channel to form feeding-passage section, and channel is equipped with inside the second barrel (102) to form tapping channel Section.
8. piston type charger according to any one of claims 1-5, which is characterized in that material channel is far from its discharge port One end be equipped with the pull rod (8) and sliding rail (9) that extend linearly, pull rod (8) is oppositely disposed in the two sides of feeding-passage with sliding rail (9) And it is fixedly connected respectively with outer housing (1);The charging ram (2) is located between pull rod (8) and sliding rail (9) and passes through support frame (10) respectively with pull rod (8) and sliding rail (9) slidable fit.
9. piston type charger according to claim 8, which is characterized in that further include support base (11), and the support base (11) it is fixedly connected with outer housing (1);The sliding rail (9) is fixedly mounted on support base (11), and one end of sliding rail (9) and outer Shell (1) is fixedly connected;One end of the pull rod (8) is fixedly connected with outer housing (1), and one end far from outer housing (1) is logical Support rod is crossed to be fixedly connected with support base (11).
10. piston type charger according to claim 9, which is characterized in that driving mechanism (3) is fixedly mounted on support base (11) on.
CN201811147051.1A 2018-09-29 2018-09-29 A kind of piston type charger Pending CN109230467A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811147051.1A CN109230467A (en) 2018-09-29 2018-09-29 A kind of piston type charger

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811147051.1A CN109230467A (en) 2018-09-29 2018-09-29 A kind of piston type charger
PCT/CN2019/107681 WO2020063615A1 (en) 2018-09-29 2019-09-25 Piston-type feeding machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109230467A true CN109230467A (en) 2019-01-18

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201811147051.1A Pending CN109230467A (en) 2018-09-29 2018-09-29 A kind of piston type charger

Country Status (2)

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CN (1) CN109230467A (en)
WO (1) WO2020063615A1 (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2020063615A1 (en) * 2018-09-29 2020-04-02 浙江科茂能源科技有限公司 Piston-type feeding machine
CN110984996A (en) * 2020-03-03 2020-04-10 中国铁建重工集团股份有限公司 Heading machine and muck conveying device thereof
CN111299295A (en) * 2019-10-09 2020-06-19 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Harmless treatment process for animal carcasses

Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201593790U (en) * 2010-02-12 2010-09-29 张文国 Feeding device for garbage cracking furnaces
CN103112730A (en) * 2013-02-20 2013-05-22 潍坊金丝达环境工程股份有限公司 Sealed feeding device
CN103421524B (en) * 2013-08-08 2014-11-12 陈星志 Device for horizontally utilizing biomass fuel to continuously produce combustible gases
US20180065815A1 (en) * 2016-09-07 2018-03-08 Semlima Industrial Co., Ltd. Volumetric feeder
CN109230467A (en) * 2018-09-29 2019-01-18 安徽科茂能源科技有限公司 A kind of piston type charger
CN209651341U (en) * 2018-09-29 2019-11-19 浙江科茂能源科技有限公司 A kind of piston type charger

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2020063615A1 (en) * 2018-09-29 2020-04-02 浙江科茂能源科技有限公司 Piston-type feeding machine
CN111299295A (en) * 2019-10-09 2020-06-19 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Harmless treatment process for animal carcasses
CN110984996A (en) * 2020-03-03 2020-04-10 中国铁建重工集团股份有限公司 Heading machine and muck conveying device thereof
CN110984996B (en) * 2020-03-03 2020-06-26 中国铁建重工集团股份有限公司 Heading machine and muck conveying device thereof

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Address after: 315000 No. 2 Building, 587 Lane 15, Juxian Road, Ningbo High-tech Zone, Zhejiang Province, 12-1-8

Applicant after: Zhejiang Kemao Energy Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 230000 Room 2005, Wanguo Building at the junction of Tongling North Road and North Second Ring Road, Xinzhan District, Hefei City, Anhui Province

Applicant before: Anhui Ke Mao Energy Science Co., Ltd