CN109201489A - A kind of hawthorn impurity remove device and working method - Google Patents

A kind of hawthorn impurity remove device and working method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109201489A
CN109201489A CN201811258520.7A CN201811258520A CN109201489A CN 109201489 A CN109201489 A CN 109201489A CN 201811258520 A CN201811258520 A CN 201811258520A CN 109201489 A CN109201489 A CN 109201489A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
hawthorn
air knife
impurity
transmission net
transmission
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811258520.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
丁永清
赵岭
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Liaocheng University
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Liaocheng University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Liaocheng University filed Critical Liaocheng University
Priority to CN201811258520.7A priority Critical patent/CN109201489A/en
Publication of CN109201489A publication Critical patent/CN109201489A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N12/00Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts
    • A23N12/06Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for washing or blanching, combined with subsequent drying
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C1/00Magnetic separation
    • B03C1/02Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated
    • B03C1/30Combinations with other devices, not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B9/00Combinations of apparatus for screening or sifting or for separating solids from solids using gas currents; General arrangement of plant, e.g. flow sheets

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of hawthorn impurity remove device and working methods, comprising: batch charging mechanism, the transmission device including feeding tank and below the discharge port of feeding tank;Impurity removal mechanism, including the first transmission net band mechanism, the first transmission net band mechanism top are successively fixed with rotation fan and the first Air knife mechanism, and the first transmission net band mechanism end is equipped with magnetic force removal of impurities plate;Wiper mechanism is equipped with sparge pipe, is equipped with sewage collecting box below the hair roller of lower row including the two rows of hair rollers being distributed up and down above the hair roller of upper row;Drier, including the second transmission net band mechanism, the second transmission net band mechanism top are equipped with the second Air knife mechanism, and remove device of the invention meets the requirement of hawthorn impurity removal and cleaning, improves cleaning efficiency and cleaning degree.

Description

A kind of hawthorn impurity remove device and working method
Technical field
The present invention relates to food processing machinery and equipment technical fields, and in particular to a kind of hawthorn impurity remove device and work Method.
Background technique
China is hawthorn cultivation big country, either cultivated area or yield per unit area, all in advanced forefront.Mountain The removal of short, bristly hair or beard impurity is the first step of hawthorn processing, and traditional cleaning mode is relatively simple, generally will be by manually picking, brushing Wash, cleaning process trouble, low efficiency, and not easy-clear be wrapped in the silk thread on hawthorn surface, hair, cleaning cleanliness not It is enough, it is not able to satisfy production requirement.At this stage, the most process equipment of hawthorn processing industry is simple, hawthorn cleaning process technology Content is low, and product quality is not high, and reputation increasingly glides.Meet the need of production therefore, it is necessary to a kind of hawthorn impurity cleaning machine It wants.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of hawthorn impurity remove device, Ji Shan Short, bristly hair or beard impurity is removed, impurity is classified, hawthorn cleaning is in one, and economical and efficient, hawthorn removal of impurity is high, meets production requirement, It can be improved the quality of haw products.
To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical solutions:
A kind of hawthorn impurity remove device, comprising:
Batch charging mechanism is transmitted for putting into hawthorn, and to hawthorn, including feeding tank and positioned at the discharge port of feeding tank The transmission device of lower section.
Impurity removal mechanism, the hawthorn transmitted for receiving batch charging mechanism, is purged impurity mixed in hawthorn, including the One transmission net band mechanism, the first transmission net band mechanism top, which is successively arranged, rotates fan and the first Air knife mechanism, and described first Transmission net band mechanism end is equipped with magnetic force removal of impurities plate.
Wiper mechanism, it is two rows of including the two rows of hair rollers being distributed up and down for being cleaned to the hawthorn that impurity removal mechanism transmits Hair roller is connect with hair roller driving mechanism, and the hair roller driving mechanism is used to that the hair roller of upper and lower two rows to be driven to rotate backward, upper row's It is equipped with sparge pipe above hair roller, is equipped with sewage collecting box below the hair roller of lower row.
Drier, for the hawthorn that wiper mechanism is sent out to be dried, including the second transmission net band mechanism, it is described The second Air knife mechanism is equipped with above second transmission net band mechanism.
Further, the feeding tank and transmission device are both secured on batch charging mechanism bracket, and the feeding tank section is " V " type, is equipped with discharge port below, and the transmission device uses belt transmission agency.
Further, the first transmission net band mechanism is fixed on impurity removal mechanism bracket, and the rotation fan, which is fixed on, to be turned On dynamic fan bracket, rotation fan bracket is fixedly connected with impurity removal mechanism bracket, and first Air knife mechanism includes connecting with blower The both ends of two the first air knife components, first air knife component are connect by the first air knife fixed frame with impurity removal mechanism bracket.
Further, the magnetic force removal of impurities plate is located at mounting height of first transmission net with mechanism side and is greater than positioned at cleaning The mounting height of mechanism side facilitates hawthorn to enter wiper mechanism under the effect of gravity.
Further, it is fixed with splicing plate on the impurity removal mechanism bracket of first transmission net with mechanism head end, it is described to connect Flitch is located at mounting height of first transmission net with mechanism side and is less than the mounting height for being located at batch charging mechanism side, facilitates mountain Short, bristly hair or beard is sent into the first transmission net band mechanism by batch charging mechanism.
Further, hair roller described in upper and lower two rows is connect with wiper mechanism holder pivots, and the sparge pipe includes solid Due to being connected with multiple water spray branch pipes on the water spray general pipeline on wiper mechanism bracket, the water spray general pipeline, on the water spray branch pipe Equipped with multiple fountain heads, the water spray general pipeline is equipped with water inlet, for being connect with external water system, the wiper mechanism end The wiper mechanism bracket at end is equipped with delivery sheet, and the mounting height that the delivery sheet is located at wiper mechanism side is greater than drier The mounting height of side, facilitates hawthorn being sent into drier.
Further, the second transmission net band mechanism is fixed on drier bracket, the second air duct mechanism packet Two the second air knife components connecting with the blower are included, the second air knife component air outlet described in two is oppositely arranged, described The both ends of second air knife component are connect by the second air knife fixed frame with drier.
Further, first transmission net is all made of B-mode net with the transmission net band of mechanism with mechanism and the second transmission net Band.
Further, the first air knife fixed frame is identical as the second air knife fixed rack structure, includes hinged seat, described Hinged seat and connecting rod one end are cut with scissors by bolted splice, the connecting rod other end of the first air knife fixed frame and the first air knife group by bolt It connects, the connecting rod other end and the second air knife component of the second air knife fixed frame pass through bolted splice.
The present invention also provides a kind of working methods of hawthorn impurity remove device, comprising the following steps:
Step 1: hawthorn being put into feeding tank, hawthorn falls into transmission device by the discharge port for the lower box part that feeds intake and passed It send.
Step 2: hawthorn is conveyed into impurity removal mechanism by transmission device, and rotation fan is blowed hawthorn, removes in hawthorn Mixed part large size light impurities, after hawthorn falls into the first transmission net band mechanism, particulate contamination in hawthorn and remaining Part small, light impurity is fallen from the first grid-gap of the transmission net with mechanism, the first Air knife mechanism in hawthorn transmit process The dust on hawthorn surface is removed, after hawthorn falls into magnetic force removal of impurities plate, magnetic force removal of impurities plate is removed magnetic impurity in hawthorn.
Step 3: hawthorn enters wiper mechanism through magnetic force removal of impurities plate, and the rotation of two rows hair roller is transmitted hawthorn Meanwhile the linear impurity on hawthorn surface is removed, sparge pipe is sprayed water to hawthorn, is cleaned to hawthorn, the water for cleaning hawthorn is fallen into In sewage collecting box.
Step 4: hawthorn falls into the second transmission net band mechanism, and hawthorn is dried in the second Air knife mechanism.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
Hawthorn impurity remove device of the invention has impurity removal mechanism, can remove the light impurities being mixed into hawthorn, particle Shape impurity and the dust on hawthorn surface have magnetic force removal of impurities plate, can remove the magnetic impurity being mixed into hawthorn, have cleaning machine Structure can remove mixed linear impurity in hawthorn and clean simultaneously to hawthorn, collection hawthorn impurity removal, classification of impurities, clearly The requirement for meeting hawthorn impurity removal and cleaning in one is washed, cleaning efficiency and cleaning degree are improved.
Detailed description of the invention
The accompanying drawings constituting a part of this application is used to provide further understanding of the present application, and the application's shows Meaning property embodiment and its explanation do not constitute the restriction to the application for explaining the application.
Fig. 1 is overall structure of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is batch charging mechanism schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is impurity removal mechanism schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is that the first air knife component and the first air knife fixed frame of the invention cooperate stereoscopic schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is that the first air knife component and the first air knife fixed frame of the invention cooperate schematic side view;
Fig. 6 is magnetic force of the present invention removal of impurities plate structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 7 is wiper mechanism schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is drier schematic diagram of the present invention;
Wherein, 1. batch charging mechanism, 101. feeding tanks, 102. batch charging mechanism brackets, 103. conveyer belts, 104. driving shafts, 105. driven shaft, 2. impurity removal mechanisms, 201. rotation fans, 202. first air knife components, 203. B-mode mesh belts, the removal of impurities of 204. magnetic force Plate, 205. blowers, 206. rotation axis, 207. first air knife fixed frames, 2071. hinged seats, 2072. connecting rods, 208. impurity removal mechanisms Bracket, 209. rotations are fanned, 210. splicing plates, 3. wiper mechanisms, 301. water spray branch pipes, are arranged hair roller on 302., are arranged hair roller under 303., 304. sewage collecting box, 305. wiper mechanism brackets, 306. water spray general pipeline, 307. water inlets, 4. driers, 401. drying machines Structure bracket, 402. second transmission nets band mechanism, 403. second air knife components.
Specific embodiment
It is noted that following detailed description is all illustrative, it is intended to provide further instruction to the application.Unless another It indicates, all technical and scientific terms used herein has usual with the application person of an ordinary skill in the technical field The identical meanings of understanding.
It should be noted that term used herein above is merely to describe specific embodiment, and be not intended to restricted root According to the illustrative embodiments of the application.As used herein, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, otherwise singular Also it is intended to include plural form, additionally, it should be understood that, when in the present specification using term "comprising" and/or " packet Include " when, indicate existing characteristics, step, operation, device, component and/or their combination.
In order to facilitate narration, if there is "upper", "lower", " left side " " right side " printed words in the present invention, only expression and attached drawing itself Upper and lower, left and right direction it is consistent, not to structure rise restriction effect, it is only for convenient for description the present invention and simplification retouch It states, rather than the equipment of indication or suggestion meaning or element must have a particular orientation, and be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, Therefore it is not considered as limiting the invention.
As background technique is introduced, the most process equipment of hawthorn processing industry is simple, and hawthorn cleaning process technology contains Measure low, product quality is not high, and reputation increasingly glides, in view of the above-mentioned problems, present applicant proposes a kind of hawthorn impurity remove devices And working method.
In a kind of exemplary embodiment of the application, as shown in figures 1-8, a kind of hawthorn impurity remove device, comprising:
Batch charging mechanism 1, for putting into the hawthorn of impurity to be cleaned and being conveyed to it.
Impurity removal mechanism 2 receives the hawthorn that batch charging mechanism conveying comes, and is purged to the impurity for being mixed into hawthorn.
Wiper mechanism 3 receives the hawthorn that impurity removal mechanism transmission comes, cleans to hawthorn surface, and remove the miscellaneous of threadiness Matter.
Drier 4 receives the hawthorn that wiper mechanism transmission comes, the hawthorn after cleaning is dried.
The batch charging mechanism includes batch charging mechanism bracket 102, and the batch charging mechanism bracket is welded by more rectangular tubes, Feeding tank 101 is fixed on the batch charging mechanism bracket, the feeding tank section is " V " type, and top is feeding inlet, and lower part is Material mouth, the lower section of the feeding tank discharge port are equipped with transmission device, and the transmission device uses belt transmission agency, including actively It is fixed on the structures such as axis 104, driven shaft 105, driving motor and conveyer belt 103, driving shaft and driven shaft and batch charging mechanism bracket Flapper connection, driving shaft connect with driving motor, and conveyer belt is wound on driving shaft and driven shaft, in the drive of driving motor Under dynamic, the hawthorn that discharge port is fallen can be transmitted by conveyer belt, and " V " the type structure in feeding tank section, which can control, falls into biography The hawthorn quantity of device is sent, so that suitable hawthorn uniformly, is continuously transported on the conveyer belt of transmission device.
The impurity removal mechanism 2 includes impurity removal mechanism bracket 208, the impurity removal mechanism bracket welded by more rectangular tubes and At, be fixed with the first transmission net band mechanism on the impurity removal mechanism bracket, first transmission net band mechanism include driving motor, The structures such as driving pulley, driven pulley and transmission net band, driving pulley, driven pulley pass through rotation axis 206 and impurity removal mechanism branch Flapper connection on frame, driving pulley are connect with driving motor, and driving motor can drive the first transmission net with the work of mechanism To make, the transmission net band uses B-mode mesh belt 203, with multiple grid-gaps, the direction of transfer along the first transmission net with mechanism, Splicing plate 210 is fixed on impurity removal mechanism bracket at its head end position, the splicing plate is located at the installation of batch charging mechanism side Height is greater than the mounting height positioned at impurity removal mechanism side, and the hawthorn for falling into splicing plate can be sliding along splicing plate under the effect of gravity It is dynamic, the first transmission net band mechanism is fallen into, is fixed with magnetic on the impurity removal mechanism bracket at the first terminal position of the transmission net with mechanism Power removal of impurities plate 204, the mounting height that the magnetic force removal of impurities plate is located at impurity removal mechanism side are greater than the peace positioned at wiper mechanism side Dress height, after hawthorn falls into magnetic force removal of impurities plate, under the effect of gravity along magnetic force removal of impurities plate sliding, into wiper mechanism, along first Direction of transfer of the transmission net with mechanism, the first transmission net with being successively arranged rotation fan 201 and first Air knife mechanism above mechanism, The rotation fan is fixed on rotation fan bracket 209, rotates the air outlet of fan towards splicing plate, bracket and impurity removal mechanism are fanned in rotation Bracket is fixedly connected, and first Air knife mechanism includes two the first air knife components 202, and first air knife component is using existing Air knife component, the both ends of two the first air knife components are connect by the first air knife fixed frame 207 with impurity removal mechanism bracket, And the air outlet of two air knife components is oppositely arranged, and ensure that the front-back of hawthorn direction of advance can be removed by wind-force Miscellaneous, the air inlet of first air knife component is connect with blower 205.
The first air knife fixed frame 207 includes the hinged seat 2071 being fixed on impurity removal mechanism bracket, the hinged seat Pass through bolted splice with one end of connecting rod 2072, is fixed after link rotatable certain angle using nut, the other end of connecting rod By bolted splice, the first air knife component is fixed after turning an angle by nut for one end with the first air knife component, By the first air knife fixed frame, it can adjust the blowing angle of air knife component and the height apart from hawthorn, guarantee impurity-eliminating effect.
The wiper mechanism 3 includes wiper mechanism bracket 305 and the two rows hair roller being interspersed, the wiper mechanism Bracket is welded by more rectangular tubes, it is described two rows hair rollers connect with the flapper on wiper mechanism bracket, respectively on Hair roller 302 and lower row hair roller 303 are arranged, upper row hair roller and lower row hair roller are connect with hair roller driving mechanism, upper row mao roller and first mao The connection of roller driving mechanism, lower row's hair roller are connect with second mao of roller driving mechanism, first mao of roller driving mechanism and second mao of roller Hair roller is arranged in driving mechanism driving and lower row hair roller rotates backward, first mao of roller driving mechanism and second mao of roller driving machine Structure includes the sprocket wheel for being fixed on mao roll end, is wrapped with transmission chain between the sprocket wheel of upper row hair roller, the sprocket wheel of lower row's hair roller it Between be wrapped with transmission chain, by the way that sprocket wheel, transmission chain is arranged, the rotation of the upper row hair one of hair roller of roller can drive other mao of roller Rotation, the rotation of the lower row hair one of hair roller of roller can drive the rotation of other mao of roller, upper row's hair roller and lower row mao roller Rotation direction is on the contrary, drive the advance of hawthorn by frictional force, along hawthorn direction of advance, positioned at the hair roller of head end in upper row's hair roller It is connect with first mao of roll drive motor, the rotation of hair roller is arranged in first mao of roll drive motor driving, is located at head end in lower row's hair roller Hair roller connect with second mao of roll drive motor, the rotation of the lower row's hair roller of second mao of roller motor driving, the hair roller of upper row Top is equipped with sparge pipe, and the sparge pipe includes that water spray general pipeline 306 and water spray branch pipe 301, the water spray general pipeline are fixed on cleaning On the top end face of the baffle of mechanism, it is in distributed rectangular, is connected in parallel between the water spray general pipeline pipeline section on two baffle tops The axis of multiple water spray branch pipes, the water spray branch pipe is parallel with the axis of hair roller, is evenly distributed on the water spray branch pipe multiple Fountain head, for spraying water to hawthorn, water spray general pipeline is equipped with water inlet 307, for connecting with external water system.It is described It is equipped with sewage collecting box 304 below the hair roller of lower row, is equipped with the weather board being obliquely installed between lower row's hair roller and sewage collecting box, The weather board is fixed on wiper mechanism bracket, for the water of cleaning to be imported sewage collecting box, the sewage collecting box It is fixed on wiper mechanism bracket.Along the direction of advance of hawthorn, wiper mechanism stent ends are fixed with delivery sheet at position, described The mounting height that delivery sheet is located at wiper mechanism side is greater than the mounting height positioned at drier side, falls into the mountain of delivery sheet Short, bristly hair or beard under the effect of gravity, can slip into drier along delivery sheet.
The drier 4 includes drier bracket 401, the drier bracket welded by more rectangular tubes and At being fixed with the second transmission net band mechanism 402, the structure of second transmission net with mechanism and the on the drier bracket One transmission net band mechanism is identical, is equipped with the second Air knife mechanism, second Air knife mechanism above the second transmission net band mechanism Including two the second air knife components 403, the both ends of second air knife component pass through the second air knife fixed frame 404 and drier Bracket connection, the second air knife component structure and set-up mode are identical as the first air knife component, the air inlet of the second air knife component Mouth is connect with the blower, and the second air knife fixed frame is identical with the first air knife fixed rack structure.
The present invention also provides a kind of working methods of hawthorn impurity remove device, comprising the following steps:
Step 1: hawthorn being put into feeding tank, hawthorn falls into transmission device by the discharge port for the lower box part that feeds intake and passed It send.
Step 2: hawthorn is conveyed into the first transmission net band mechanism of impurity removal mechanism, hawthorn by transmission device by splicing plate During splicing plate glides, hawthorn is blowed in rotation fan, and it is large-scale light to remove the part such as mixed branch, leaf in hawthorn Matter impurity, B-mode mesh belt of the hawthorn with the first transmission net with mechanism move, particulate contamination and remaining part tree in hawthorn Branch, leaf small, light impurity are fallen from the first grid-gap of the transmission net with mechanism, while the grid of B-mode mesh belt is also right Hawthorn is fixed, convenient for falling into magnetic force using light impurities, hawthorn such as the dusts on the first Air knife mechanism removing hawthorn surface and removing After miscellaneous plate, along magnetic force removal of impurities plate slide downward, magnetic force removal of impurities plate is removed magnetic impurity in hawthorn.
Step 3: hawthorn enters wiper mechanism through magnetic force removal of impurities plate, and the rotation of two rows hair roller is transmitted hawthorn Meanwhile being attached to hawthorn surface and the linear impurity such as the silk thread being readily removable and hair is not allowed to be wrapped on the hair roller of rotation, simultaneously Sparge pipe is sprayed water to hawthorn, is cleaned to hawthorn, the water for cleaning hawthorn is fallen into sewage collecting box.
Step 4: hawthorn falls into the second transmission net band mechanism, and hawthorn is dried in the second Air knife mechanism, completes hawthorn The removal work of impurity.
Above-mentioned, although the foregoing specific embodiments of the present invention is described with reference to the accompanying drawings, not protects model to the present invention The limitation enclosed, those skilled in the art should understand that, based on the technical solutions of the present invention, those skilled in the art are not Need to make the creative labor the various modifications or changes that can be made still within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of hawthorn impurity remove device characterized by comprising
Batch charging mechanism is transmitted for putting into hawthorn, and to hawthorn, including feeding tank and below the discharge port of feeding tank Transmission device;
Impurity removal mechanism is purged impurity mixed in hawthorn, including first passes for receiving the hawthorn of batch charging mechanism transmission Mesh belt mechanism is sent, rotation fan and the first Air knife mechanism, first transmission are successively arranged above the first transmission net band mechanism Mesh belt mechanism end is equipped with magnetic force removal of impurities plate;
Wiper mechanism, for being cleaned to the hawthorn that impurity removal mechanism transmits, including the two rows of hair rollers being distributed up and down, two rows of hair rollers It is connect with hair roller driving mechanism, the hair roller driving mechanism is used to that the hair roller of upper and lower two rows to be driven to rotate backward, the hair roller of upper row Top is equipped with sparge pipe, is equipped with sewage collecting box below the hair roller of lower row;
Drier, for the hawthorn that wiper mechanism is sent out to be dried, including the second transmission net band mechanism, described second The second Air knife mechanism is equipped with above transmission net band mechanism.
2. a kind of hawthorn impurity remove device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the feeding tank and transmission device are equal It is fixed on batch charging mechanism bracket, the feeding tank section is " V " type, is equipped with discharge port below, and the transmission device uses Belt transmission agency.
3. a kind of hawthorn impurity remove device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the first transmission net band mechanism is solid Due on impurity removal mechanism bracket, the rotation fan is fixed on rotation fan bracket, and rotation fan bracket is fixed with impurity removal mechanism bracket Connection, first Air knife mechanism includes two the first air knife components connecting with blower, the both ends of first air knife component It is connect by the first air knife fixed frame with impurity removal mechanism bracket.
4. a kind of hawthorn impurity remove device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the magnetic force removal of impurities plate is located at first Mounting height of the transmission net with mechanism side is greater than the mounting height positioned at wiper mechanism side.
5. a kind of hawthorn impurity remove device as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that the first transmission net band mechanism is first Splicing plate is fixed on the impurity removal mechanism bracket at end, it is small that the splicing plate is located at mounting height of first transmission net with mechanism side In the mounting height for being located at batch charging mechanism side.
6. a kind of hawthorn impurity remove device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that hair roller described in upper and lower two rows is equal It is connect with wiper mechanism holder pivots, the sparge pipe includes the water spray general pipeline being fixed on wiper mechanism bracket, the water spray Multiple water spray branch pipes are connected on general pipeline, the water spray branch pipe is equipped with multiple fountain heads, and the water spray general pipeline is equipped with water inlet Mouthful, for connecting with external water system, the wiper mechanism bracket of the wiper mechanism end is equipped with delivery sheet, the feeding The mounting height that plate is located at wiper mechanism side is greater than the mounting height of drier side.
7. a kind of hawthorn impurity remove device as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that the second transmission net band mechanism is solid Due on drier bracket, the second air duct mechanism includes two the second air knife components connecting with the blower, and two The second air knife component air outlet is oppositely arranged, and the both ends of second air knife component by the second air knife fixed frame and are done Dry mechanism connection.
8. a kind of hawthorn impurity remove device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the first transmission net band mechanism and Second transmission net is all made of B-mode mesh belt with the transmission net band of mechanism.
9. a kind of hawthorn impurity remove device as claimed in claim 7, which is characterized in that the first air knife fixed frame and the Two air knife fixed rack structures are identical, include hinged seat, the hinged seat and connecting rod one end are hinged, the company of the first air knife fixed frame The bar other end and the first air knife component are hinged, and the connecting rod other end and the second air knife component of the second air knife fixed frame are hinged.
10. a kind of working method of the described in any item hawthorn impurity remove devices of claim 1-9, which is characterized in that including Following steps:
Step 1: hawthorn being put into feeding tank, hawthorn falls into transmission device by the discharge port for the lower box part that feeds intake and is transmitted;
Step 2: hawthorn is conveyed into impurity removal mechanism by transmission device, and rotation fan is blowed hawthorn, removes and be mixed into hawthorn Part large size light impurities, hawthorn fall into the first transmission net band mechanism after, particulate contamination and remaining part in hawthorn Small, light impurity is fallen from the first grid-gap of the transmission net with mechanism, and the first Air knife mechanism removes in hawthorn transmit process The dust on hawthorn surface, after hawthorn falls into magnetic force removal of impurities plate, magnetic force removal of impurities plate is removed magnetic impurity in hawthorn;
Step 3: hawthorn enters wiper mechanism through magnetic force removal of impurities plate, and two rows hair roller rotates, while being transmitted to hawthorn, The linear impurity on hawthorn surface is removed, sparge pipe is sprayed water to hawthorn, cleaned to hawthorn, and the water for cleaning hawthorn falls into waste water receipts In header;
Step 4: hawthorn falls into the second transmission net band mechanism, and hawthorn is dried in the second Air knife mechanism.
CN201811258520.7A 2018-10-26 2018-10-26 A kind of hawthorn impurity remove device and working method Pending CN109201489A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811258520.7A CN109201489A (en) 2018-10-26 2018-10-26 A kind of hawthorn impurity remove device and working method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811258520.7A CN109201489A (en) 2018-10-26 2018-10-26 A kind of hawthorn impurity remove device and working method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109201489A true CN109201489A (en) 2019-01-15

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201811258520.7A Pending CN109201489A (en) 2018-10-26 2018-10-26 A kind of hawthorn impurity remove device and working method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN109201489A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113231293A (en) * 2021-05-11 2021-08-10 齐齐哈尔大学 Fruit sorting system based on electromechanical control

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113231293A (en) * 2021-05-11 2021-08-10 齐齐哈尔大学 Fruit sorting system based on electromechanical control

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