CN109113335B - Parapet wall formwork support and construction method - Google Patents

Parapet wall formwork support and construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109113335B
CN109113335B CN201810750557.5A CN201810750557A CN109113335B CN 109113335 B CN109113335 B CN 109113335B CN 201810750557 A CN201810750557 A CN 201810750557A CN 109113335 B CN109113335 B CN 109113335B
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China
Prior art keywords
rectangular frame
formwork
support
parapet
plate
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CN201810750557.5A
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CN109113335A (en
Inventor
代松丰
刘建
刘明路
廖勋平
范业翔
何月峰
秦超
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China MCC20 Group Corp Ltd
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China MCC20 Group Corp Ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G13/00Falsework, forms, or shutterings for particular parts of buildings, e.g. stairs, steps, cornices, balconies foundations, sills

Abstract

The invention discloses a parapet formwork support and a construction method. The invention also discloses a parapet wall construction method. The method can conveniently and accurately support the outer formwork and the inner formwork, has high supporting efficiency, does not need to dismantle the outer formwork, avoids building an external scaffold, is beneficial to reducing the high-altitude operation risk and the construction difficulty, and improves the parapet construction efficiency.

Description

Parapet wall formwork support and construction method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of building construction, in particular to a parapet wall template support and a construction method.
Background
In the building engineering, the parapet is a short wall around the roof of a building, on one hand, the parapet plays a role in maintenance safety, and on the other hand, the water seepage of a waterproof layer or the overflow of roof rainwater can be avoided. When the concrete parapet is constructed, need prop up and establish interior formwork, it is loaded down with trivial details to prop up to establish current formwork, and it is lower to prop up to establish efficiency, and need set up outside scaffold frame and carry out high altitude construction when outside formwork demolishs, and the construction is loaded down with trivial details, the construction degree of difficulty and risk are higher.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is to provide the parapet formwork support and the construction method, the support of the outer formwork and the inner formwork can be conveniently and accurately realized, the support efficiency is high, the outer formwork does not need to be dismantled, an external scaffold is avoided from being erected, the high-altitude operation risk is reduced, the construction difficulty is reduced, and the parapet construction efficiency is improved.
In order to solve the technical problems, the technical scheme provided by the invention is as follows:
the utility model provides a parapet formwork support, includes the girder steel, be connected with the support frame on the girder steel, be fixed with rectangular frame on the support frame, be connected with the backup pad between rectangular frame and the girder steel, the top surface of backup pad is provided with roofing floor, be connected with the inner formword on the roofing floor, the inside exterior sheathing that is fixed with of rectangular frame, exterior sheathing and inner formword parallel.
The rectangular frame comprises a plurality of parallel stand columns, the stand columns are all installed on the supporting frame, a baffle is connected between every two adjacent stand columns, and the outer template is fixed between the baffle and the supporting plate.
The backup pad includes mutually perpendicular's first plate body and second plate body, first plate body set up in the rectangular frame, the second plate body set up in between rectangular frame and the girder steel.
The support frame includes a plurality of horizontal beams, the one end of horizontal beam with rectangular frame is fixed mutually, the other end with the girder steel is fixed mutually.
The bottom of horizontal beam is fixed with the bracing, the one end of bracing with the horizontal beam is fixed mutually, the other end with the girder steel is fixed mutually.
A parapet wall construction method comprises the following steps:
1) mounting a rectangular frame on the support frame, and mounting the support frame on one side of the steel beam;
2) mounting a support plate between the rectangular frame and the steel beam;
3) installing an outer template in the rectangular frame;
4) pouring concrete on the upper surface of the supporting plate to form a roof floor slab;
5) installing an inner template on the roof floor slab, wherein the inner template is parallel to the outer template;
6) pouring concrete between the outer formwork and the inner formwork to form a parapet wall;
7) and when the strength of the parapet wall reaches the set strength, the inner template is detached.
The method for installing the rectangular frame on the support in the step 1) comprises the following steps: firstly, a plurality of parallel upright posts are arranged on a support frame, then a baffle plate is arranged between two adjacent upright posts, and all the upright posts and the baffle plate form the rectangular frame.
The step 3) is specifically as follows: an outer template is arranged between the baffle plate and the supporting plate.
And in the step 5), the inner template is vertical to the roof floor slab.
The invention has the following beneficial effects: according to the parapet formwork support, the rectangular frame is arranged, the outer formwork can be conveniently and accurately erected, the erecting precision is high, the operation is convenient, meanwhile, the inner formwork can be erected rapidly by matching with the arrangement of the supporting plate, and the mounting efficiency of the inner formwork and the outer formwork is improved. According to the parapet construction method, the inner formwork and the outer formwork can be conveniently erected through the formwork support, meanwhile, the operation of removing the outer formwork from high altitude during concrete parapet construction is avoided, high altitude operation is reduced, procedures such as erecting an external scaffold are avoided, construction difficulty is reduced, construction efficiency of the parapet with a high-rise structure is greatly improved, construction safety is improved, and construction cost is saved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the installation of the steel beams, the support frames, the rectangular frames and the support plates of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the structure and the installation of the outer form of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the installation of the structure, roof slab and internal forms of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a parapet after casting;
in the figure: 1. support frame, 11, horizontal beam, 12, bracing, 2, rectangular frame, 21, stand, 22, baffle, 3, backup pad, 31, first plate body, 32, second plate body, 4, girder steel, 5, roofing floor, 6, exterior sheathing, 7, interior sheathing, 8, parapet.
Detailed Description
The present invention is further described below in conjunction with the following figures and specific examples so that those skilled in the art may better understand the present invention and practice it, but the examples are not intended to limit the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1-3, this embodiment discloses a parapet formwork support, including girder steel 4, the welding has support frame 1 on girder steel 4, and the welding has rectangular frame 2 on support frame 1, and the welding has backup pad 3 between rectangular frame 2 and the girder steel 4, and the top surface of backup pad 3 is provided with roofing floor 5, is connected with interior template 7 on the roofing floor 5, and rectangular frame 2 is inside to be fixed with exterior sheathing 6, and exterior sheathing 6 and interior template 7 parallel. Wherein a plurality of external formworks 6 can be fixed inside the rectangular frame 2.
Through the setting of rectangular frame 2, the installation and the location of realization exterior sheathing 6 that can be convenient have improved the installation effectiveness of exterior sheathing 6.
Further, rectangular frame 2 includes the stand 21 of a plurality of parallels, and stand 21 all welds on support frame 1, and the welding has baffle 22 between the adjacent stand 21, and between outer formword 6 was fixed in baffle 22 and backup pad 3 for outer formword 6's location is more accurate and convenient, more does benefit to the installation rate that improves outer formword 6.
Wherein, the upright post 21 and the baffle 22 can both adopt angle steel, and the steel beam 4 adopts an I-beam.
Further, the supporting plate 3 comprises a first plate body 31 and a second plate body 32 which are perpendicular to each other, the first plate body 31 is welded in the rectangular frame 2 to limit the outer formwork 6, and the second plate body 32 is welded between the rectangular frame 2 and the steel beam 4 to facilitate the installation of the roof floor 5 and the inner formwork 7.
Further, the support frame 1 comprises a plurality of horizontal beams 11, one end of each horizontal beam 11 is fixed with the rectangular frame 2, and the other end of each horizontal beam 11 is fixed with the steel beam 4.
Furthermore, the bottom of the horizontal beam 11 is fixed with an inclined strut 12, one end of the inclined strut 12 is fixed with the horizontal beam 11, and the other end is fixed with the steel beam 4, so as to improve the connection strength of the support frame 1.
The embodiment also discloses a parapet wall construction method, which comprises the following steps:
1) as shown in fig. 1, a rectangular frame 2 is installed on a support frame 1, and the support frame 1 is installed on one side of a steel beam 4;
the specific installation method of the rectangular frame 2 comprises the steps of firstly installing a plurality of parallel upright posts 21 on the support frame 1, then installing a baffle plate 22 between every two adjacent upright posts 21, and forming the rectangular frame 2 by all the upright posts 21 and the baffle plate 22.
2) A support plate 3 is arranged between the rectangular frame 2 and the steel beam 4;
further, the supporting plate 3 includes a first plate 31 and a second plate 32 perpendicular to each other, the first plate 31 is disposed in the rectangular frame 2, and the second plate 32 is welded between the rectangular frame 2 and the steel beam 4.
3) As shown in fig. 2 (only a part of the installation of the outer formworks is shown in fig. 2), the outer formworks 6 are installed in the rectangular frame 2 to facilitate the installation and positioning of the outer formworks 6;
wherein, the outer template 6 is installed between the baffle 22 and the supporting plate 3, and one side of the outer template 6 is leaned on the first plate body 31, so as to better realize the positioning of the outer template 6, facilitate the installation of the outer template 6 and improve the installation efficiency.
4) As shown in fig. 3, concrete is poured on the upper surface of the supporting plate 3 to form a roof floor 5;
5) as shown in fig. 3, an inner formwork 7 is installed on the roof floor 5, and the inner formwork 7 is parallel to the outer formwork 6;
further, the inner formworks 7 are perpendicular to the roof slab 5.
6) As shown in fig. 4, concrete is poured between the outer form 6 and the inner form 7 to form a parapet wall 8;
7) when the concrete strength of the parapet wall 8 reaches the set strength, the inner formwork 7 is dismantled, namely only the inner formwork 7 needs to be dismantled, and the outer formwork 6 and the parapet wall 8 are integrated without being dismantled.
Wherein, the inner formword is 7 and is located the roofing, and consequently the installation of inner formword 7 all can be gone on in the roofing with dismantling, need not to set up the scaffold frame, and construction safety is high.
The parapet formwork support of this embodiment, through the setting of rectangular frame 2, can conveniently accurately realize that the outer formword 6 props up and establishes the precision height, convenient operation, the cooperation simultaneously can realize propping up of inner formword 7 fast with the setting of backup pad 3 and establishes, has improved inner formword 7 and outer formword 6's installation effectiveness. When the parapet is constructed, the inner formwork 7 and the outer formwork 6 can be conveniently erected through the formwork support, the operation that the outer formwork 6 is dismantled in the high altitude when the concrete parapet is constructed is avoided, high-altitude operation is reduced, procedures such as erecting an external scaffold are avoided, the construction difficulty is reduced, the efficiency of high-rise structure parapet construction is greatly improved, the construction safety is improved, and the construction cost is saved.
The above-mentioned embodiments are merely preferred embodiments for fully illustrating the present invention, and the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto. The equivalent substitution or change made by the technical personnel in the technical field on the basis of the invention is all within the protection scope of the invention. The protection scope of the invention is subject to the claims.

Claims (5)

1. A parapet formwork support is characterized by comprising a steel beam, wherein a support frame is connected to the steel beam, a rectangular frame is fixed on the support frame, a support plate is connected between the rectangular frame and the steel beam, a roof floor is arranged on the top surface of the support plate, an inner formwork is connected to the roof floor, an outer formwork is fixed inside the rectangular frame, and the outer formwork and the inner formwork are parallel;
the supporting plate comprises a first plate body and a second plate body which are perpendicular to each other, the first plate body is arranged in the rectangular frame, and the second plate body is arranged between the rectangular frame and the steel beam; one side of the outer template is abutted against the first plate body;
the rectangular frame comprises a plurality of parallel stand columns, the stand columns are all installed on the supporting frame, a baffle is connected between every two adjacent stand columns, and the outer template is fixed between the baffle and the supporting plate.
2. A parapet formwork support as claimed in claim 1, wherein the support frame includes a plurality of horizontal beams, one end of the horizontal beams being secured to the rectangular frame and the other end being secured to the steel beams.
3. A parapet formwork support as claimed in claim 2, wherein a brace is fixed to the bottom of the horizontal beam, one end of the brace being fixed to the horizontal beam and the other end being fixed to the steel beam.
4. A parapet wall construction method is characterized by comprising the following steps:
1) mounting a rectangular frame on the support frame, and mounting the support frame on one side of the steel beam;
2) mounting a support plate between the rectangular frame and the steel beam;
the supporting plate comprises a first plate body and a second plate body which are perpendicular to each other, the first plate body is arranged in the rectangular frame, and the second plate body is arranged between the rectangular frame and the steel beam; one side of the outer template is abutted against the first plate body;
3) installing an outer template in the rectangular frame;
4) pouring concrete on the upper surface of the supporting plate to form a roof floor slab;
5) installing an inner template on the roof floor slab, wherein the inner template is parallel to the outer template;
6) pouring concrete between the outer formwork and the inner formwork to form a parapet wall;
7) when the strength of the parapet wall reaches the set strength, the inner template is removed;
wherein, the method for installing the rectangular frame on the support frame in the step 1) comprises the following steps: firstly, mounting a plurality of parallel upright posts on a support frame, then mounting a baffle plate between every two adjacent upright posts, wherein all the upright posts and the baffle plate form the rectangular frame;
the step 3) is specifically as follows: an outer template is arranged between the baffle plate and the supporting plate.
5. A parapet construction method as claimed in claim 4, wherein in step 5) said inner forms are perpendicular to the roof slab.
CN201810750557.5A 2018-07-10 2018-07-10 Parapet wall formwork support and construction method Active CN109113335B (en)

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CN109113335B true CN109113335B (en) 2020-09-01

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112360067B (en) * 2020-11-26 2022-01-28 北京城建六建设集团有限公司 Formwork supporting system for underground parapet wall and assembling method thereof
CN113482327A (en) * 2021-06-16 2021-10-08 五冶集团上海有限公司 Parapet formwork supporting method
CN115126220B (en) * 2022-07-07 2023-07-04 北京城建集团有限责任公司 Parapet sliding formwork structure for steel structure building and construction method thereof

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DE102009014858B4 (en) * 2009-03-30 2023-04-06 Quick Bauprodukte Gmbh formwork device
CN202866261U (en) * 2012-09-20 2013-04-10 中国核工业华兴建设有限公司 Operation hanging rack for civil construction
CN203613792U (en) * 2013-11-12 2014-05-28 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Parapet wall formwork pouring structure
CN204001652U (en) * 2014-08-04 2014-12-10 江苏省苏中建设集团股份有限公司沈阳分公司 The portable exterior wall operating platform of fabricated shear wall structure
CN204311719U (en) * 2014-11-21 2015-05-06 安徽万升架业有限公司 External hanging type scaffold
CN207582950U (en) * 2017-10-24 2018-07-06 上海宝冶集团有限公司 Steel structural plant roof concrete parapet external mold formwork erecting structure
CN108104454A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-01 北京城建北方建设有限责任公司 Prefabricated outer wall panel safety protection frame

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