Seed drying device for agricultural breeding
The invention relates to the technical field of agricultural machinery, in particular to a seed drying device for agricultural breeding.
Agriculture is an important industrial sector in national economy, and is a sector that takes land resources as production objects, and is an industry that produces food and industrial raw materials by cultivating animal and plant products. Agriculture belongs to the first industry. The department of planting production by utilizing land resources is planting industry, the department of aquaculture by utilizing the space of water areas on the land is aquaculture industry, also called fishery, the department of cultivating and cutting forest trees by utilizing the land resources is forestry, and the department of developing livestock by utilizing the land resources or directly utilizing grasslands is livestock industry. Small scale processing or fabrication of these products is a side-product that is an organic component of agriculture. The development and display of these landscapes or regional resources are sightseeing agriculture, also called leisure agriculture, which is a novel agricultural form generated along with the surplus of spare time of people in new period.
Need save the seed of grain in the agricultural breeding process, in order to prevent to take place to milden and rot, need carry out abundant drying effect to the seed before the storage, present seed drying device adopts the mode of natural drying in the sun mostly, and dry in-process seed is piled up easily, is unfavorable for moisture between the seed to volatilize, and the speed of thorough drying of seed is for this reason, provides a seed drying device for agricultural breeding now to solve above-mentioned problem.
Disclosure of Invention
The present invention is directed to a seed drying apparatus for agricultural breeding, which solves the problems of the background art described above.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
a seed drying device for agricultural breeding comprises a support frame and a drying groove positioned in the support frame, wherein a driving motor is fixedly installed on the support frame, an output shaft of the driving motor is coaxially and fixedly provided with a vertically arranged rotating shaft, a support rod I and a support rod II are horizontally fixed in the support frame, a driving gear and a driven gear which are mutually meshed are arranged on the support rod I in a rotating mode, an incomplete gear II and an incomplete gear I are respectively and coaxially fixed on the driving gear and the driven gear, and a rack which is meshed with the incomplete gear II or the incomplete gear I is horizontally arranged below the support rod I; the rack bottom is articulated with the horizontal plate through the swinging arms, and a plurality of tubes that turn over that are located inside the drying tank are fixedly installed to the bottom surface of the horizontal plate.
As a modified scheme of the invention: a strip-shaped hole is formed in the oscillating rod, and a transmission column which penetrates through the strip-shaped hole in a sliding mode is fixed on the support rod II.
As a modified scheme of the invention: and limiting springs with two ends fixed on the oscillating rod and the transmission column respectively are arranged in the strip-shaped holes.
As a modified scheme of the invention: the air heater is fixedly installed on the horizontal plate, the air collecting disc communicated with the air heater through the air guide pipe is fixedly installed at the bottom of the horizontal plate, the turning pipe is communicated with the air collecting disc, and a plurality of exhaust holes which are obliquely and downwards arranged are uniformly formed in the side wall of the turning pipe.
As a modified scheme of the invention: the rotary shaft is sleeved with a transmission gear, and the drying groove is sleeved with an outer gear ring which is fixedly connected with the transmission gear in a meshed mode.
As a modified scheme of the invention: the vertical fixed mounting of drying tank bottom center department has the auxiliary shaft with the support frame pin joint, and drying tank bottom surface rotary type is equipped with the direction ball of bottom surface butt in a plurality of and the support frame.
As a modified scheme of the invention: the incomplete gear II is coaxially and fixedly provided with a driven belt wheel, the support rod I is connected with a driving belt wheel through a transmission belt in a transmission mode, the driving belt wheel is coaxially fixed with a driving bevel gear, and a rotating shaft is sleeved and fixed with a driven bevel gear meshed with the driving bevel gear.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
the horizontal plate drives the turning pipe to swing in a reciprocating mode, so that continuous turning of seeds in the drying groove is realized, continuous dispersion of the seeds is realized, the seeds are dried by hot air sprayed from the turning pipe, the seeds can be fully contacted with the hot air, and the drying efficiency of the seeds is greatly improved; meanwhile, the rotation of the drying groove drives the seeds to rotate, so that the stirring dispersion of the seeds is further increased, and the seeds are dried more fully and thoroughly.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of portion A of FIG. 1;
fig. 3 is an enlarged view of a portion B in fig. 1.
In the figure: 1-a support frame, 2-a support rod I, 3-a rack, 4-an incomplete gear I, 5-a driven gear, 6-an incomplete gear II, 7-a driving gear, 8-a driven pulley, 9-a driving motor, 10-a driving bevel gear, 11-a driving pulley, 12-a transmission belt, 13-a rotating shaft, 14-a transmission gear and 15-an external gear ring, 16-guide ball, 17-auxiliary shaft, 18-air duct, 19-air heater, 20-drying groove, 21-horizontal plate, 22-support rod II, 23-limit spring, 24-air collecting disc, 25-air outlet hole, 26-turning tube, 27-oscillating rod, 28-strip hole, 29-drive column and 30-driven bevel gear.
The technical scheme of the patent is further described in detail by combining the following specific embodiments:
Referring to fig. 1-3, a seed drying device for agricultural breeding includes a support frame 1 and a drying tank 20 located in the support frame 1, a driving motor 9 is fixedly installed on the support frame 1, and a vertically-arranged rotating shaft 13 is coaxially and fixedly installed on an output shaft of the driving motor 9.
A supporting rod I2 and a supporting rod II22 are horizontally fixed in the supporting frame 1, a driving gear 7 and a driven gear 5 which are mutually meshed are arranged on the supporting rod I2 in a rotating mode, an incomplete gear II6 and an incomplete gear I4 are coaxially fixed on the driving gear 7 and the driven gear 5 respectively, and a rack 3 meshed with the incomplete gear II6 or the incomplete gear I4 is horizontally arranged below the supporting rod I2; the bottom of the rack 3 is hinged with a horizontal plate 21 through a swinging rod 27, and the bottom surface of the horizontal plate 21 is fixedly provided with a plurality of turning pipes 26 positioned inside the drying groove 20.
Furthermore, a driven pulley 8 is coaxially and fixedly mounted on the incomplete gear II6, a driving pulley 11 is connected to the support rod I2 through a transmission belt 12 in a transmission manner, a driving bevel gear 10 is coaxially and fixedly mounted on the driving pulley 11, and a driven bevel gear 30 meshed with the driving bevel gear 10 is fixedly sleeved on the rotating shaft 13. The driving motor 9 drives the rotating shaft 13 to rotate, the rotating shaft 13 drives the driven bevel gear 30 to rotate through the driving bevel gear 10, the driven bevel gear 30 drives the driving belt wheel 11 to rotate, the driving belt wheel 11 drives the driven belt wheel 8 to rotate through the transmission belt 12, and then the reverse rotation of the driving gear 7 and the driven gear 5 is achieved.
The driving gear 7 and the driven gear 5 respectively drive the incomplete gear II6 and the incomplete gear I4 to rotate, when the incomplete gear II6 rotates clockwise to be meshed with the rack 3, the incomplete gear I4 is not meshed with the rack 3, at the moment, the rack 3 is meshed with the left to move, when the incomplete gear I4 rotates anticlockwise to be meshed with the rack 3, the incomplete gear II6 is not meshed with the rack 3, at the moment, the rack 3 is meshed with the right to move, and therefore transverse left-right reciprocating motion of the rack 3 is achieved.
Furthermore, a strip-shaped hole 28 is formed on the swinging rod 27, and a transmission column 29 which penetrates through the strip-shaped hole 28 in a sliding manner is fixed on the supporting rod II 22.
Furthermore, a limiting spring 23 is arranged in the strip-shaped hole 28, and two ends of the limiting spring are respectively fixed on the swinging rod 27 and the transmission column 29.
The removal of rack 3 drives dull and stereotyped 21 through swinging arms 27 and swings, and the relative bar hole 28 of drive column 29 slides, and limiting spring 23 deformation extension and compression have realized horizontal plate 21 wobbling and have vertical direction's upper and lower displacement simultaneously, and then make the pipe 26 that turns over of horizontal plate 21 bottom turn over the abundant of the seed of placing in the drying bath 20, promoted the quick volatilization of moisture between the seed, promoted the drying of seed.
On the basis of the embodiment 1, in addition, the horizontal plate 21 is fixedly provided with the air heater 19, the bottom of the horizontal plate 21 is fixedly provided with the air collecting tray 24 communicated with the air heater 19 through the air duct 18, the turning pipe 26 is communicated with the air collecting tray 24, and the side wall of the turning pipe 26 is uniformly provided with a plurality of exhaust holes 25 which are obliquely arranged downwards.
The hot air blower 19 arranged generates hot air, the hot air enters the air collecting disc 24 along the air guide pipe 18 and enters the turning pipe 26, finally the hot air is discharged through the exhaust hole 25 and dries the hot air of the seeds in the turning process of the turning pipe 26, the hot air can be fully contacted with the seeds, the contact area is greatly increased, and the drying speed is improved.
Further, a transmission gear 14 is fixedly sleeved on the rotating shaft 13, and an outer gear ring 15 meshed with the transmission gear 14 is fixedly sleeved on the drying tank 20.
Further, the vertical fixed mounting in dry groove 20 bottom center department has the auxiliary shaft 17 with support frame 1 pin joint, and dry groove 20 bottom surface rotary type is equipped with the direction ball 16 of a plurality of and support frame 1 interior bottom surface butt.
The rotation of rotation axis 13 drives outer ring gear 15 through drive gear 14 and realizes the rotation of drying bath 20, and the seed rotation in drying bath 20 realizes and turns over the relative rotation between the pipe 26, greatly increased turning and the dispersion degree of seed, drying efficiency further promotes. The auxiliary shaft 17 and the guide ball 16 rotate along with the drying groove 20, so that the rotating stability of the drying groove 20 is improved.
In conclusion, the support frame 1, the driving motor 9 and the like in the device are directly applied to the prior art, the specific structure and the connection relationship of the incomplete gear I4, the incomplete gear II6, the driven gear 5, the driving gear 7 and other parts are innovation points of the invention, the horizontal plate 21 drives the turning pipe 26 to swing in a reciprocating mode, so that the continuous turning effect on the seeds in the drying groove 20 is realized, the continuous dispersion of the seeds is realized, the seeds can be fully contacted with hot air due to the drying of the hot air sprayed from the turning pipe 26, and the drying efficiency of the seeds is greatly improved; meanwhile, the rotation of the drying groove 20 drives the seeds to rotate, so that the stirring dispersion of the seeds is further increased, and the seeds are dried more fully and thoroughly.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.
Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment may contain only a single embodiment, and such description is for clarity only, and those skilled in the art should integrate the description, and the embodiments may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art.