CN109014275A - A kind of drilling machine - Google Patents

A kind of drilling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109014275A
CN109014275A CN201811124741.5A CN201811124741A CN109014275A CN 109014275 A CN109014275 A CN 109014275A CN 201811124741 A CN201811124741 A CN 201811124741A CN 109014275 A CN109014275 A CN 109014275A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
movable plate
push
plate
sliding
limit plate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201811124741.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN109014275B (en
Inventor
李彬
郭哲峰
梁军
王红
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Luoyang Xincheng Precision Machinery Co ltd
Original Assignee
Luoyang Institute of Science and Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Luoyang Institute of Science and Technology filed Critical Luoyang Institute of Science and Technology
Priority to CN201811124741.5A priority Critical patent/CN109014275B/en
Publication of CN109014275A publication Critical patent/CN109014275A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN109014275B publication Critical patent/CN109014275B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B39/00General-purpose boring or drilling machines or devices; Sets of boring and/or drilling machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/08Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • B23Q7/04Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting by means of grippers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • B23Q7/06Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting by means of pushers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • B23Q7/08Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting by means of slides or chutes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • B23Q7/10Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting by means of magazines

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Drilling And Boring (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of drilling machines, including workbench, mobile device, drilling equipment and clamping device, mobile device includes servo motor, lead screw and movable plate I, and drilling equipment is arranged on the upper surface of movable plate I, and drilling equipment includes spindle motor, V band, bore hole axis and drill bit;Clamping device includes feeding mechanism, to grasping mechanism and clamping device, and feeding mechanism includes bracket, pedestal, vibrating disk and feeding groove;It include splicing groove and pushing material component to grasping mechanism, pushing material component includes support base, supporting table, push-rod electric machine I and push rod I;Clamping device includes mounting rack II, grabbing assembly and expansion chuck, and grabbing assembly includes mounting plate, cylinder, piston rod and moving assembly;Moving assembly includes movable plate II, push-rod electric machine II and push rod II, which can fast, accurately be fixed part to be processed, saves manual labor, design is reasonable, manipulation is convenient, can improve production efficiency and machining accuracy, guarantees product quality.

Description

A kind of drilling machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to components drilling processing technical fields, and in particular to a kind of drilling machine.
Background technique
In component of machine manufacture field, drilling is commonly used process, but traditional punching clamping device, due to It designs not perfect, causes occur variety of problems in use, machine components work in-process is caused to cannot be used continuously, currently, machine Tool components boring procedure generally requires that manually part to be processed is placed in clamping device, then passes through manual labor again Part adjustment is fixed in clamping device, causes installation and debugging difficult, this stage needs to take a substantial amount of time and manually Labour, and due to human factor, the position that may cause part fixation is inconsistent, on the other hand, is needing to machine components system The mode for mostly using hand drill when making mounting hole greatly is easy to appear following problems: 1, hand using the method for this hand drill Work penetration rate is slow, low efficiency, cannot form large-scale production;2, machining accuracy is low, is affected by human factors larger, is easy to make At higher rejection rate;3, labor intensity of workers is big.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art and provide a kind of drilling machine, which can will be to be added The part of work is fast, accurately fixed, and whole process saves manual labor, and rationally, manipulation is convenient for design, can be improved Production efficiency and machining accuracy guarantee product quality.
The present invention to solve above-mentioned technical problem the technical solution adopted is that: a kind of drilling machine, including workbench, mobile dress It sets, drilling equipment and clamping device, the mobile device and the clamping device are arranged at the top of the workbench, described Drilling equipment is arranged in the top of the mobile device, and the mobile device includes servo motor, lead screw and movable plate I, described Two sliding rails being parallel to each other I are provided on the upper surface of workbench, being provided on each described sliding rail I can be in the cunning The slider I slided on rail I, each described slider I are fixed on the lower end surface of the movable plate I, the silk Thick stick is mounted between two sliding rails I, and one end of the lead screw is connected with the output end of servo motor, and the feed screw nut of the lead screw is logical It crosses link block to connect with the movable plate I, the other end of the lead screw is mounted on mounting rack I, and the mounting rack I is arranged in institute It states on the upper surface of workbench;
The drilling equipment is arranged on the upper surface of the movable plate I, and the drilling equipment includes spindle motor, V band, drilling Axis and drill bit, the spindle motor and the bore hole axis are set gradually from top to down in the vertical direction, the bore hole axis installation On the upper surface of the movable plate I, driving wheel I is arranged on the output shaft of the spindle motor, described bore hole axis one end Driving wheel II is arranged on periphery wall, the driving wheel I drives driving wheel II to rotate synchronously by V band, and the drill bit is mounted on The one end of the bore hole axis far from the driving wheel II;
The clamping device includes feeding mechanism, to grasping mechanism and clamping device, the feeding mechanism include bracket, pedestal, Vibrating disk and feeding groove, the bracket, the pedestal and the vibrating disk are set gradually from top to bottom, and the pedestal is mounted on institute The top of bracket is stated, on the top of the base, the feeding groove is inclined at the vibrating disk for the vibrating disk installation Top, the feed end of the feeding groove are mounted on the upper surface of the vibrating disk and are connected with the vibrating disk;
Include splicing groove and pushing material component to grasping mechanism, the pushing material component include support base, supporting table, push-rod electric machine I and Push rod I, the supporting table are mounted on the top of the support base, sliding slot I and sliding slot are offered on the upper surface of the supporting table II, the sliding slot I runs through the both ends of the supporting table, and the push rod I is arranged in the sliding slot I, one end of the push rod I with The output end of push-rod electric machine I is connected, and the sliding slot II is vertically arranged with the sliding slot I, one end and I phase of sliding slot of the sliding slot II Connection, the other end of the sliding slot II extend to the side of the supporting table and are oppositely arranged with the discharge end of the splicing groove, The splicing groove is tiltedly mounted on support frame, support frame as described above be arranged on the bracket, the feed end of the splicing groove with The discharge end of the feeding groove is oppositely arranged;
The clamping device includes mounting rack II, grabbing assembly and expansion chuck, the feeding mechanism, to grasping mechanism and described Grabbing assembly is set gradually in the horizontal direction, and the grabbing assembly and the expansion chuck are installed on the mounting rack II, The expansion chuck is oppositely arranged with the drill bit, and the grabbing assembly includes mounting plate, cylinder, piston rod and moving assembly, The mounting plate is mounted on the top of the mounting rack II, and the two sides of the mounting plate are provided with limit plate I and limit plate II, institute It states limit plate I and the limit plate II is each perpendicular to the mounting plate setting, the limit plate I and the limit in the same direction Position plate II is set gradually far from described one end to grasping mechanism, and sliding rail II, institute are provided on the medial surface of the mounting plate State sliding rail II perpendicular to the limit plate I and limit plate II setting and the sliding rail II both ends respectively with limit plate I and limit Plate II is connected, and the sliding block II that can be slided on the sliding rail II is provided on the sliding rail II, and the cylinder is arranged in the limit The outside of position plate I, the output end of the cylinder are connected with one end of the piston rod, and the other end of the piston rod passes through described It is connected after limit plate I with the sliding block II;
The moving assembly includes movable plate II, push-rod electric machine II and push rod II, and the movable plate II is arranged in the sliding block II Outside and be connected with the sliding block II, offer mounting hole on the movable plate II, the mounting hole and the expansion chuck Clamping end be oppositely arranged, one end of the mounting hole, the output end of the push-rod electric machine II is arranged in the push-rod electric machine II It is connected with one end of push rod II, the other end of the push rod II wears opposite with the clamping end of expansion chuck in the mounting hole Setting.
Further, limit switches I, limit switch II, limit switch III are set on the sliding rail I.
Further, the link block is set on the periphery wall of the feed screw nut and the fixation of the top of the link block is set It sets on the lower end surface of the movable plate.
Further, one end of the sliding rail I is arranged in the servo motor and the servo motor is arranged in the work Make on the upper surface of platform.
Further, feed opening is provided on the workbench, the expansion chuck clamping end is being arranged in just in the feed opening Lower section.
Further, material receiving tube is installed below the feed opening.
Further, the push-rod electric machine I is fixed at the side of the supporting table.
Further, the expansion chuck is hydropneumatic scroll chuck.
Further, the lower section of the mounting plate is arranged in the expansion chuck.
Further, cutting fluid pipeline, the discharge port of the cutting fluid pipeline and the clamping are provided on the mounting rack II The clamping end of chuck is oppositely arranged.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are mainly shown as: the drilling machine can carry out part to be processed fast, accurately Fixed, whole process saves manual labor, and rationally, manipulation is convenient for design, can improve production efficiency and machining accuracy, guarantee Product quality, whole process save manual labor, improve drilling efficiency, this carries out automatic punching work to parts to be processed Industry, spindle motor continue rotation, are realized and are punched by drill bit;Serve Motor Control movable plate carries out reciprocating working in the horizontal direction, Perforating efficiency is high, and aperture consistency is good.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is structural schematic diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is structural schematic diagram of the Fig. 1 from another angle;
Fig. 3 is the schematic view of the front view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram that the present invention removes clamping device;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of clamping device of the invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of clamping device of the invention;
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of grabbing assembly of the invention;
Marked in the figure: 1, vibrating disk, 101, pedestal, 102, bracket, 103, feeding groove, 2, supporting table, 201, sliding slot I, 202, cunning Slot II, 203, push-rod electric machine I, 204, push rod I, 205, support base, 206, support frame, 3, mounting rack II, 301, mounting plate, 3011, limit plate II, 3012, limit plate I, 3013, sliding rail II, 3014, sliding block II, 302, cylinder, 3021, piston rod, 3022, Movable plate II, 3023, push-rod electric machine II, 3024, push rod II, 303, mounting hole, 304, expansion chuck, 305, cutting fluid pipeline, 4, workbench, 401, material receiving tube, 5, servo motor, 6, lead screw, 601, link block, 7, sliding rail I, 8, slider I, 9, movable plate I, 10, spindle motor, 1001, driving wheel I, 11, V band, 12, bore hole axis, 1201, driving wheel II, 1202, drill bit, 13, limit switch I, 14, limit switch II, 15, limit switch III.
Specific embodiment
The embodiment of the present invention is described in detail in conjunction with attached drawing, the present embodiment based on the technical solution of the present invention, is given Detailed embodiment and specific operating process are gone out, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to following embodiments.
As shown in the picture, a kind of drilling machine, including workbench 4, mobile device, drilling equipment and clamping device, the shifting Dynamic device and the clamping device are arranged at the top of the workbench 4, and the drilling equipment is arranged in the mobile device Top, the mobile device includes motor 5, lead screw 6 and movable plate I 9, is provided with two on the upper surface of the workbench 4 Limit switches I 13, limit switch II 14, limit switch III 15, limit are arranged on the sliding rail I 7 for the sliding rail I 7 being parallel to each other Switch I 13, limit switch II 14 and limit switch III 15 are connected with the input terminal of controller, the output end and servo of controller Motor 5 is connected, when slider I 8 encounters limit switch I 13, limit switch II 14 and limit switch III 15, limit switch I 13, limit Location information is passed to controller by switch II 14 and limit switch III 15, and controller control servo motor 5 is transported forward or backward It is dynamic;
The slider I 8 that can be slided on the sliding rail I 7, each described sliding block are provided on each described sliding rail I 7 I 8 are fixed on the lower end surface of the movable plate I 9, and the lead screw 6 is mounted between two sliding rails I 7, the lead screw 6 One end be connected with the output end of motor 5, the feed screw nut of the lead screw 6 is connect by link block 601 with the movable plate I 9, institute State that link block 601 is set on the periphery wall of the feed screw nut and the top of the link block 601 is fixed at the movement On the lower end surface of plate, the other end of the lead screw 6 is mounted on mounting rack I, and the workbench 4 is arranged in the mounting rack I On upper surface;One end of the sliding rail I 7 is arranged in the servo motor 5 and the servo motor 5 is arranged in the workbench 4 Upper surface on;
The drilling equipment is arranged on the upper surface of the movable plate I 9, and the drilling equipment includes spindle motor 10, V band 11, bore hole axis 12 and drill bit 1202, the spindle motor 10 and the bore hole axis 12 are successively set from top to down in the vertical direction It sets, the bore hole axis 12 is mounted on the upper surface of the movable plate I 9, is arranged with biography on the output shaft of the spindle motor 10 Driving wheel I 1001, driving wheel II 1201 is arranged on the periphery wall of described 12 one end of bore hole axis, and the driving wheel I 1001 passes through V band 11 drive driving wheel II 1201 to rotate synchronously, and the drill bit 1202 is mounted on the bore hole axis 12 far from the driving wheel II 1201 One end;
The preferably cylindrical part of part to be processed or the ring-shape accessory with certain wall thickness, the clamping device include sending Expect mechanism, to grasping mechanism and clamping device, the feeding mechanism includes bracket 102, pedestal 101, vibrating disk 1 and feeding groove 103, the bracket 102, the pedestal 101 and the vibrating disk 1 are set gradually from top to bottom, and the pedestal 101 is mounted on institute The top of bracket 102 is stated, the vibrating disk 1 is mounted on the top of the pedestal 101, and vibration electricity is provided on the pedestal 101 Machine, the vibrating motor and vibrating disk 1 are connected for providing the vibration power of vibrating disk 1, but vibrating motor is not drawn in the figure, institute The top that feeding groove 103 is inclined at the vibrating disk 1 is stated, the feed end of the feeding groove 103 is mounted on the vibrating disk 1 Upper surface on and the feed end of the feeding groove 103 be connected with the vibrating disk 1;
It include splicing groove and pushing material component to grasping mechanism, the pushing material component includes support base 205, supporting table 2, push-rod electric machine I 203 and push rod I 204, the supporting table 2 be mounted on the top of the support base 205, opened up on the upper surface of the supporting table 2 There are sliding slot I 201 and sliding slot II 202, the sliding slot I 201 runs through the both ends of the supporting table 2, and the push rod I 204 is arranged in institute It states in sliding slot I 201, one end of the push rod I 204 is connected with the output end of push-rod electric machine I 203, and the push-rod electric machine I 203 is solid The side of the supporting table 2 is set calmly, and the sliding slot II 202 is vertically arranged with the sliding slot I 201, the sliding slot II 202 One end is connected with sliding slot I 201, the other end of the sliding slot II 202 extend to the side of the supporting table 2 and with the splicing The discharge end of slot is oppositely arranged, and the splicing groove is tiltedly mounted on support frame 206, and support frame as described above 206 is arranged in the branch On frame 102, the feed end of the splicing groove and the discharge end of the feeding groove 103 are oppositely arranged;
The clamping device includes mounting rack II 3, grabbing assembly and expansion chuck 304, the feeding mechanism, to grasping mechanism and The grabbing assembly is set gradually in the horizontal direction, and feed opening is offered on the workbench 4, and the feed opening is arranged described The underface of 304 clamping end of expansion chuck, material receiving tube 401 is equipped with below the feed opening, and the expansion chuck 304 is liquid It calms the anger dynamic scroll chuck, the expansion chuck 304 is arranged in the lower section of the mounting plate 301, is provided with and cuts on the mounting rack 3 Liquid pipe road 305 is cut, the discharge port of the cutting fluid pipeline 305 and the clamping end of the expansion chuck 304 are oppositely arranged, by setting Cutting fluid pipeline 305 is set, cutting fluid can be flowed on the part processed by cutting fluid pipeline 305, on the one hand, cutting Liquid can serve cooling, and part can generate higher temperature because of cutting during processing, can be by cutting fluid Cutting heat is taken away from boring bar tool and workpiece, to be effectively reduced cutting temperature, reduces the thermal change of workpiece and boring bar tool Shape keeps the hardness of boring bar tool, improves machining accuracy and boring bar tool durability;On the other hand, in process, cut Liquid has a good cleaning action, removes and generates chip, abrasive dust and iron powder, greasy dirt and sand grains, prevents lathe and workpiece, cutter It stains, so that the cutting edge of cutter or grinding wheel is kept sharp, cutting effect will not be influenced;
The grabbing assembly and the expansion chuck 304 are installed on the mounting rack II 3, the expansion chuck 304 and institute It states drill bit 1202 to be oppositely arranged, the grabbing assembly includes mounting plate 301, cylinder 302, piston rod 3021 and moving assembly, institute The top that mounting plate 301 is mounted on the mounting rack II 3 is stated, the two sides of the mounting plate 301 are provided with limit plate I 3012 and limit Position plate II 3011, the limit plate I 3012 and the limit plate II 3011 are each perpendicular to the mounting plate 301 in the same direction Setting, the limit plate I 3012 and the limit plate II 3011 are set gradually far from described one end to grasping mechanism, described Sliding rail II 3013 is provided on the medial surface of mounting plate 301, the sliding rail II 3013 is perpendicular to the limit plate I 3012 and limit The both ends of the setting of plate II 3011 and the sliding rail II 3013 are connected with limit plate I 3012 and limit plate II 3011 respectively, the cunning The sliding block II 3014 that can be slided on the sliding rail II 3013 is provided on rail II 3013, the cylinder 302 is arranged in the limit The outside of position plate I 3012, the output end of the cylinder 302 are connected with one end of the piston rod 3021, the piston rod 3021 The other end pass through the limit plate I 3012 after be connected with the sliding block II 3014;
The moving assembly includes movable plate II 3022, push-rod electric machine II 3023 and push rod II 3024, the movable plate II 3022 The outside of the sliding block II 3014 is set and is connected with the sliding block II 3014, offers installation on the movable plate II 3022 The clamping end in hole 303, the mounting hole 303 and the expansion chuck 304 is oppositely arranged, and the setting of push-rod electric machine II 3023 exists The output end of one end of the mounting hole 303, the push-rod electric machine II 3023 is connected with one end of push rod II 3024, the push rod II 3024 other end is threaded through in the mounting hole 303 and is oppositely arranged with the clamping end of expansion chuck 304.
The course of work is as follows: the part to be processed of batch is put into vibrating disk 1, it will be to by the vibration of vibrating disk 1 The part of processing passes to the feed end of feeding groove 103 from vibrating disk 1, and the feed end of feeding groove 103 is higher than the discharging of feeding groove 103 End, part to be processed flow to the discharge end of feeding groove 103 from the feed end of feeding groove 103, and the discharge end of feeding groove 103 will be to The part of processing passes to the feed end of splicing groove 206, and the feed end of splicing groove 206 is higher than the discharge end of splicing groove 206, to be added The part of work has slided into sliding slot II 202 after the discharge end that the feed end of splicing groove 206 slides to splicing groove 206, and to be processed zero Part slides into sliding slot I 201 from sliding slot II 202, at this moment can realize push rod I 204 by part along sliding slot I by push-rod electric machine I 203 The 201 past purposes being pushed forward;
When needing part to be fixed, by the flexible of 302 regulating piston bar 3021 of cylinder, and then by the peace of movable plate 3022 Dress hole 303 faces the one end of sliding slot I 201 far from push-rod electric machine I 203, at this moment passes through push rod I 204 for part along sliding slot I 201 promote in mounting hole 303, then control piston rod 3021 and are moved to the direction of expansion chuck 304, until movable plate 3022 mounting hole 303 faces the clamping end of expansion chuck 304, at this moment by push-rod electric machine II 3023 by push rod II 3024 to It being pushed forward, and then parts to be processed is promoted to the clamping end of expansion chuck 304, expansion chuck 304 automatically clamps parts to be processed, The position that grabbing assembly returns to parts to be processed placement waits to be grabbed next time,
Then spindle motor 10 is started to work, and bore hole axis 12 is driven to rotate, and horizontal direction control section is started to work, and drives drilling Axis 12 is close to workpiece, and after slider I 8, which touches limit switch II 14, to be switched, limit switch II 14 passes to location information Controller, controller control servo motor 5 are moved to the direction of parts to be processed, when slider I 8 reaches limit switch I 13 Controller control servo motor 5 starts to invert afterwards, starts withdrawing, the controller control after slider I 8 touches limit switch III 15 Servo motor 5 processed stops working.Clamping of the release of chuck 304 to part is simultaneously clamped on, the part processed flows into feed opening, It is collected after being flowed out along material receiving tube 401, a cycle terminates, and starts the next course of work.
Technical solution cited by the present invention and embodiment and non-limiting, with technical solution cited by the present invention and implementation Mode is equivalent or effect same approach is all in the range of the present invention is protected.It should also be noted that, herein, such as I, II, III relational terms are only used to distinguish one entity or operation from another entity or operation, and not necessarily It is required that implying that there are any actual relationship or orders between these entities or operation.Moreover, term " includes ", "comprising" or any other variant thereof is intended to cover non-exclusive inclusion so that include a series of elements process, Method, article or equipment not only include those elements, but also including other elements that are not explicitly listed, or are also wrapped It includes as elements inherent to such a process, method, article, or device.In the absence of more restrictions, by sentence " including One ... " limit element, it is not excluded that there is also another in the process, method, article or apparatus that includes the element Outer identical element.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of drilling machine, including workbench (4), mobile device, drilling equipment and clamping device, the mobile device and described Clamping device is arranged at the top of the workbench (4), and the top of the mobile device is arranged in the drilling equipment, special Sign is: the mobile device includes servo motor (5), lead screw (6) and movable plate I (9), the upper surface of the workbench (4) On be provided with two sliding rails being parallel to each other I (7), being provided on each described sliding rail I (7) can be on the sliding rail I (7) The slider I (8) slided, each described slider I (8) are fixed on the lower end surface of the movable plate I (9), institute It states lead screw (6) to be mounted between two sliding rails I (7), one end of the lead screw (6) is connected with the output end of servo motor (5), should The feed screw nut of lead screw (6) is connect by link block (601) with the movable plate I (9), the other end installation of the lead screw (6) On mounting rack I, the mounting rack I is arranged on the upper surface of the workbench (4);
The drilling equipment is arranged on the upper surface of the movable plate I (9), and the drilling equipment includes spindle motor (10), V Band (11), bore hole axis (12) and drill bit (1202), the spindle motor (10) and the bore hole axis (12) in the vertical direction from It is set gradually under above, the bore hole axis (12) is mounted on the upper surface of the movable plate I (9), the spindle motor (10) Output shaft on be arranged with driving wheel I (1001), be arranged with driving wheel II on the periphery wall of described bore hole axis (12) one end (1201), the driving wheel I (1001) drives driving wheel II (1201) to rotate synchronously by V band (11), the drill bit (1202) It is mounted on the one end of the bore hole axis (12) far from the driving wheel II (1201);
The clamping device includes feeding mechanism, to grasping mechanism and clamping device, the feeding mechanism include bracket (102), Pedestal (101), vibrating disk (1) and feeding groove (103), the bracket (102), the pedestal (101) and the vibrating disk (1) from Under to above setting gradually, the pedestal (101) is mounted on the top of the bracket (102), and the vibrating disk (1) is mounted on described The top of pedestal (101), the feeding groove (103) are inclined at the top of the vibrating disk (1), the feeding groove (103) Feed end be mounted on the upper surface of the vibrating disk (1) and be connected with the vibrating disk (1);
It include splicing groove and pushing material component to grasping mechanism, the pushing material component includes support base (205), supporting table (2), push rod Motor I (203) and push rod I (204), the supporting table (2) are mounted on the top of the support base (205), the supporting table (2) Upper surface on offer sliding slot I (201) and sliding slot II (202), the sliding slot I (201) runs through the two of the supporting table (2) End, push rod I (204) setting is in the sliding slot I (201), one end of the push rod I (204) and push-rod electric machine I (203) Output end be connected, the sliding slot II (202) vertically with the sliding slot I (201) be arranged, one end of the sliding slot II (202) with Sliding slot I (201) is connected, the other end of the sliding slot II (202) extend to the side of the supporting table (2) and with the splicing The discharge end of slot is oppositely arranged, and the splicing groove is tiltedly mounted on support frame (206), and support frame as described above (206) is arranged in institute It states on bracket (102), the feed end of the splicing groove and the discharge end of the feeding groove (103) are oppositely arranged;
The clamping device includes mounting rack II (3), grabbing assembly and expansion chuck (304), the feeding mechanism, to gripper Structure and the grabbing assembly are set gradually in the horizontal direction, and the grabbing assembly and the expansion chuck (304) are installed in institute It states on mounting rack II (3), the expansion chuck (304) is oppositely arranged with the drill bit (1202), and the grabbing assembly includes peace Loading board (301), cylinder (302), piston rod (3021) and moving assembly, the mounting plate (301) are mounted on the mounting rack II (3) two sides on top, the mounting plate (301) are provided with limit plate I (3012) and limit plate II (3011), the limit plate I (3012) and the limit plate II (3011) are each perpendicular to the mounting plate (301) setting, the limit plate in the same direction I (3012) and the limit plate II (3011) are set gradually far from described one end to grasping mechanism, the mounting plate (301) Medial surface on be provided with sliding rail II (3013), the sliding rail II (3013) is perpendicular to the limit plate I (3012) and limit plate The both ends of II (3011) setting and the sliding rail II (3013) are connected with limit plate I (3012) and limit plate II (3011) respectively, The sliding block II (3014) that can be slided on the sliding rail II (3013), the cylinder are provided on the sliding rail II (3013) (302) setting is in the outside of the limit plate I (3012), output end and the piston rod (3021) of the cylinder (302) One end is connected, the other end of the piston rod (3021) pass through the limit plate I (3012) afterwards with sliding block II (3014) phase Even;
The moving assembly includes movable plate II (3022), push-rod electric machine II (3023) and push rod II (3024), the movable plate II (3022) are arranged the outside in the sliding block II (3014) and are connected with the sliding block II (3014), the movable plate II (3022) it being offered on mounting hole (303), the mounting hole (303) and the clamping end of the expansion chuck (304) are oppositely arranged, The push-rod electric machine II (3023) is arranged in one end of the mounting hole (303), the output end of the push-rod electric machine II (3023) It is connected with one end of push rod II (3024), the other end of the push rod II (3024) is threaded through in the mounting hole (303) and folder The clamping end of tight chuck (304) is oppositely arranged.
2. a kind of drilling machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: limit switches I are arranged on the sliding rail I (7) (13), limit switch II (14), limit switch III (15).
3. a kind of drilling machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the link block (601) is set in the lead screw spiral shell On the female periphery wall and top of the link block (601) is fixed on the lower end surface of the movable plate.
4. a kind of drilling machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the servo motor (5) is arranged in the sliding rail I (7) one end and the servo motor (5) is arranged on the upper surface of the workbench (4).
5. a kind of drilling machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: be provided with feed opening on the workbench (4), institute Feed opening setting is stated in the underface of the expansion chuck (304) clamping end.
6. a kind of drilling machine according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: be equipped with material receiving tube below the feed opening (401)。
7. a kind of drilling machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the push-rod electric machine I (203) is fixed at institute State the side of supporting table (2).
8. a kind of drilling machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the expansion chuck (304) is hydropneumatic three Dog chuck.
9. a kind of drilling machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the expansion chuck (304) is arranged in the peace The lower section of loading board (301).
10. a kind of drilling machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: be provided with cutting fluid on the mounting rack II (3) The clamping end of pipeline (305), the discharge port and the expansion chuck (304) of the cutting fluid pipeline (305) is oppositely arranged.
CN201811124741.5A 2018-09-26 2018-09-26 Drilling machine Active CN109014275B (en)

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CN110181081A (en) * 2019-07-01 2019-08-30 东莞市合鸿机械有限公司 A kind of automatic centering drilling beveler
CN110405246A (en) * 2019-08-02 2019-11-05 长兴新亚环保机械科技有限公司 A kind of auto pedal accessory process units
CN111203562A (en) * 2020-01-17 2020-05-29 张武军 Be used for full-automatic high-efficient drilling equipment of hexagonal copper joint
CN112247192A (en) * 2020-09-07 2021-01-22 芜湖天航重工股份有限公司 Rotor drilling method
CN113085021A (en) * 2021-04-09 2021-07-09 莆田市晟熠光电科技有限公司 Spherical milling and grinding machine and method for machining central hole of ball lens

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CN110181081A (en) * 2019-07-01 2019-08-30 东莞市合鸿机械有限公司 A kind of automatic centering drilling beveler
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CN111203562A (en) * 2020-01-17 2020-05-29 张武军 Be used for full-automatic high-efficient drilling equipment of hexagonal copper joint
CN111203562B (en) * 2020-01-17 2021-12-03 台州金泉铜业股份有限公司 Be used for full-automatic high-efficient drilling equipment of hexagonal copper joint
CN112247192A (en) * 2020-09-07 2021-01-22 芜湖天航重工股份有限公司 Rotor drilling method
CN113085021A (en) * 2021-04-09 2021-07-09 莆田市晟熠光电科技有限公司 Spherical milling and grinding machine and method for machining central hole of ball lens

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Inventor after: Wang Hong

Inventor after: Li Bin

Inventor after: Guo Zhefeng

Inventor after: Liang Jun

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Effective date of registration: 20231010

Address after: No.256, Tanggong East Road, Laocheng District, Luoyang City, Henan Province 471000

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Patentee before: LUOYANG INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY