A kind of tool-type steel column and its construction method
The present invention relates to the realm of building construction more particularly to a kind of tool-type steel column and its construction methods.
In integral steel platform engineering, there is one kind using steel column as the plateform system of guide post, in current Practical Project
In, which is usually one-piece construction as shown in Figure 1.There are the following problems for the column:
(1) it since steel column pedestal is larger and is integrated construction with column body part, stacks to exist in transportational process and incline
(2) there is a problem of in the installation of steel columns and demolishing process it is dangerous and inefficient, when installation, it is necessary to first will
Steel column is put into predetermined position, then installs saddle supporting steel coupling beam of climbing, is inserted in the saddle that climbs, and and steel from top to bottom later
Coupling beam is fixed, and security risk is, before the saddle that climbs is not installed, steel column needs are fixed temporarily, higher at the top of steel column, is climbed
High altitude operation when saddle is set with；Or if be first socketed on ground using by saddle and steel column, then Integral lifting is to steel
The way of platform, the way there are the problem of be that live place is generally narrow, be difficult to meet the length of steel column and saddle socket
It is required that saddle supporting steel coupling beam is not capable of fixing in addition before the system is in place, after needing steel column and saddle integral hoisting in place,
In the case where tower crane holding force, first carries out steel coupling beam and weld in place, be then just capable of fixing saddle and steel column, this period, tower
It hangs occupied always, influences tower crane service efficiency.
(3) it when removing, needs first climb to connect between saddle and support coupling beam and unclamp, steel coupling beam is removed, then will
The saddle that climbs is hung out together with column to ground, after falling, is cooperated by truck crane, and the saddle that will climb is separated with steel column, effect
Rate low-risk is high, some building-site narrow fields can not carry out the operation that saddle is separated with steel column, can only be after entirety entrucking
Go back to maintenance base and carry out detached job, and since it is not carefully and neatly done, bicycle can loading amount it is small, need to increase transport number, increase
Summary of the invention
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of tool-type steel column climbs for guide post
Formula integral steel platform system, comprising: steel column ontology and pedestal, the steel column ontology is for being socketed in saddle, the bottom
Seat with steel coupling beam for connecting, and the pedestal includes: bottom plate, support column, loading plate and connecting column, and the bottom plate, is held support column
Support plate and connecting column are sequentially connected from bottom to top, and the steel column ontology is set in outside connecting column, and the steel column ontology is logical
Connector is crossed to be connected to a fixed with connecting column.
Further improvement be offered at the connecting column side wall and steel column ontology opposite position be connected it is logical
Hole, the through hole is equipped with the connector, and the through-hole is at least three, and the through-hole is waist-shaped hole.
Further improvement is that the waist-shaped hole corresponding position inner wall of the connecting column is equipped with and waist-shaped hole lock of the same size
Further improvement is that the latch recess and waist-shaped hole are in 90 degree of settings.
Further improvement is that the connector is T-bolt.
Further improvement is that the anchoring section size of the waist-shaped hole size and T-bolt matches.
Further improvement is that the carrying plate suqare is greater than base areas, and four side of the support column has outstanding add
The present invention also provides a kind of tool-type steel column construction methods, include the following steps:
After the installation is completed, installation steel column climbs saddle supporting steel coupling beam A steel platform；
B installs the saddle that climbs；
The insertion of C steel column ontology is climbed in saddle；
Steel column ontology is set on pedestal connecting column, and is connected and fixed by connector by D.
Further improvement is that the step C includes:
The steel column ontology is inserted into from top to bottom to climb in saddle, and the steel column body end connects lower than supporting steel
Further improvement is that the step D includes:
The connector is T-bolt, offers and is connected at the connecting column side wall and steel column ontology opposite position
The waist-shaped hole corresponding position inner wall of logical waist-shaped hole, the connecting column is equipped with and waist-shaped hole latch recess of the same size；
The steel column ontology is set on pedestal connecting column；
The anchoring section of T-bolt connector is inwardly inserted into waist-shaped hole；
T-bolt is rotated by 90 °, the anchoring section of T-bolt is caught in latch recess；
Hex nut and T-bolt are tightened.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
Tool-type steel column provided by the invention, steel column ontology and pedestal not only can be dismounted flexibly using split type,
And it easily facilitates arrangement, transports, and there is no topple over risk in transportational process.
Tool-type steel column provided by the invention uses waist-shaped hole, latch recess between steel column and detachable base
Fixed form in conjunction with T-bolt can both guarantee stress intensity, easy for installation, and each component is turnover component, no material
During the installation process, saddle is not necessarily to be socketed by high altitude operation tool-type steel column provided by the invention, steel column
Without being fixed temporarily, once mounting is in place, safe and efficient without extra invalid action.
Tool-type steel column provided by the invention is in demolishing process, and without dismantling saddle support coupling beam, subsequent no steel is vertical
The movement that column and saddle ground are decomposed, process are simple, safe.
Detailed description of the invention
Present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings and examples.
Fig. 1 is steel column structural schematic diagram in the prior art；
Fig. 2 is steel platform schematic diagram；
Fig. 3 is tool-type steel column structural schematic diagram of the invention；
Fig. 4 is tool-type steel column structural schematic diagram of the invention；
Fig. 5 is tool-type steel column cross-sectional view of the invention；
Fig. 6 is tool-type steel column cross-sectional view of the invention；
Fig. 7 is T-type bolt structure schematic diagram of the invention；
Description of symbols:
100- steel coupling beam, 200- climb saddle, 300- guide post, 1- steel column ontology, 2- pedestal, 21- bottom plate, 22- support
Column, 23- loading plate, 24- connecting column, 241- latch recess, 3- connector, 31- spiro rod section, 32- anchoring section, 33- nut, 4- are logical
In conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the present invention is further explained in detail.These attached drawings are simplified schematic diagram, only with
Illustration illustrates basic structure of the invention, therefore it only shows the composition relevant to the invention.
In the description of invention, it is to be understood that term " center ", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", " length ", " width ",
" thickness ", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom" "inner", "outside", " up time
The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as needle ", " counterclockwise " is to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and is merely for convenience of
Description invention and simplified description, rather than the device or element of indication or suggestion meaning must have a particular orientation, with specific
Orientation construction and operation, therefore should not be understood as the limitation to invention.
In addition, term " first ", " second " are used for descriptive purposes only and cannot be understood as indicating or suggesting relative importance
Or implicitly indicate the quantity of indicated technical characteristic.Define " first " as a result, the feature of " second " can be expressed or
Implicitly include one or more of the features.In the description of invention, the meaning of " plurality " is two or more, remove
It is non-separately to have clearly specific restriction.
In invention unless specifically defined or limited otherwise, term " setting ", " installation ", " connected ", " connection ", " Gu
It is fixed " etc. terms shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, may be a detachable connection, or be integrally connected；It can
To be mechanical connection, it is also possible to be electrically connected；It can be directly connected, can also can be indirectly connected through an intermediary
Connection inside two elements.For the ordinary skill in the art, above-mentioned term can be understood as the case may be
Concrete meaning in invention.
As seen in figures 3-6, the present invention provides a kind of tool-type steel columns, are used for guide post climbing type integral steel platform system
System, comprising: steel column ontology 1 and pedestal 2, the steel column ontology 1 are seperated design with pedestal 2, and the pedestal 2 includes: bottom
Plate 21, support column 22, loading plate 23 and connecting column 24, the bottom plate 21, support column 22, loading plate 23 and connecting column 24 are arrived by down
On be fixedly connected sequentially and form pedestal 2 together, and the steel column ontology 1 is set in outside connecting column 24, as shown in Fig. 2,
Steel platform after the installation is completed, pedestal 2 and steel column ontology 1 is taken in from top to bottom by guide post 300 and climbed in saddle 200, and
End is lower than steel coupling beam 100, and the steel column ontology 1 is connected to a fixed by connector 3 with connecting column 24, to ensure steel column
The stability connected between ontology 1 and pedestal 2.Tool-type steel column provided by the invention, steel column ontology and pedestal use
It is split type, it not only can flexibly dismount, but also it easily facilitates arrangement, transports, there is no topple over risk in transportational process.
Further improvement is that through-hole 4, and the steel column ontology are offered on the connecting column 24 at least side wall in three faces
Offer same as at the through-hole opposite position is attached thereto logical, the identical through-hole 4 of size on 1, and 3 one end of connector passes through
Two through-holes 4, the other end are fastened by nut, for being connected and fixed the steel column ontology 1 and connecting column 24.
Further improvement is that the through-hole 4 is waist-shaped hole.
Further improvement is that the 4 corresponding position inner wall of waist-shaped hole of the connecting column 24 is equipped in the same size with waist-shaped hole 4
Latch recess 241, in order to lock connector 3, preferably fixed steel column ontology and connecting column.
Further improvement is, the latch recess 241 and waist-shaped hole 4 in 90 degree settings so that steel column ontology and
Fixation between connecting column is more firm.
As shown in fig. 7, being further improved is that the connector 3 is T-bolt, and 31 one end of spiro rod section of T-bolt 3 is
Anchoring section 32, the other end has screw thread, to be connected and fixed with nut 33.
Further improvement is that 4 size of waist-shaped hole and 32 size of anchoring section of T-bolt 3 match.
Further improvement is that 23 area of loading plate is greater than 21 area of bottom plate, and 22 4 side of the support column is with prominent
Reinforcing rib 221 out
As shown in Fig. 2, including the following steps: the present invention also provides a kind of tool-type steel column construction method
After the installation is completed, installation steel column climbs saddle supporting steel coupling beam 100 A steel platform；
B installs the saddle 200 that climbs；
The insertion of C steel column ontology is climbed in saddle 200；
Steel column ontology 1 is set on 2 connecting column 24 of pedestal by D, and is connected and fixed by connector 3.
Further improvement is that the step C includes:
The steel column ontology 1 is inserted into climbs in saddle 200 from top to bottom, and 1 end of steel column ontology is lower than steel
Coupling beam 100.
Further improvement is that the step D includes:
The connector 3 is T-bolt, offers phase at 3 side wall of connecting column and 1 opposite position of steel column ontology
The waist-shaped hole 4 of connection, the waist-shaped hole corresponding position inner wall of the connecting column 24 are equipped with recessed with waist-shaped hole locking of the same size
The steel column ontology 1 is set on 2 connecting column 24 of pedestal；
The anchoring section 32 of T-bolt connector 3 is inwardly inserted into waist-shaped hole 4；
T-bolt is rotated by 90 °, the anchoring section 32 of T-bolt is caught in latch recess 241；
Nut 33 is tightened with T-bolt.
Steel column removes process:
After engineering construction, steel platform will be disassembled, and first have to remove its component that climbs: steel column, climb saddle.
Process is as follows:
T-bolt 3 and nut 33 are unclamped, T-bolt 3 is extracted out of waist-shaped hole 4 after being rotated by 90 °；
Detachable base 2 is removed, and is concentrated through hopper and is hung to ground；
Steel column ontology 1 is extracted by tower crane, and is placed in ground；
It climbs disassembling bolts between saddle 200 and steel coupling beam 100, it is whole later to be hung to ground；
Then carry out the dismounting work of steel platform frame body；
After finally all components are removed, unified entrucking is transported back.
Steel column ontology damage replacement process:
In work progress, when if steel column ontology bends etc., damages are needed replacing, steel column in the prior art
It needs that saddle and support coupling beam are all removed and be just able to achieve, and uses steel column of the invention, only need following simple operations:
T-bolt and nut are unclamped, T-bolt is extracted out of waist-shaped hole after being rotated by 90 °, steel column ontology with it is removable
Unload pedestal disengaging；
The steel column ontology of damage, deformation is hung out and replaces steel column ontology.
Meanwhile in construction, if due to the variation of construction structure form, existing heretofore described steel column pedestal shape
When formula is without structure change requirement is met, the pedestal of other supporting forms can be designed, need to only guarantee the connection side of pedestal and steel column
Formula is constant, when change layer is arrived in construction, replaces to pedestal, substitute mode are as follows:
Detachable base and steel column ontology are detached from
Other forms pedestal is installed in place by T-bolt
Taking the above-mentioned ideal embodiment according to the present invention as inspiration, through the above description, relevant staff is complete
Various changes and amendments can be carried out without departing from the scope of the technological thought of the present invention' entirely.The technology of this invention
Property range is not limited to the contents of the specification, it is necessary to which the technical scope thereof is determined according to the scope of the claim.