CN108936739B - Energy-saving turnip belt cleaning device of coordinated type - Google Patents

Energy-saving turnip belt cleaning device of coordinated type Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108936739B
CN108936739B CN201810984032.8A CN201810984032A CN108936739B CN 108936739 B CN108936739 B CN 108936739B CN 201810984032 A CN201810984032 A CN 201810984032A CN 108936739 B CN108936739 B CN 108936739B
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cleaning
storage tank
water storage
rotating shaft
cleaning barrel
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CN201810984032.8A
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CN108936739A (en
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郑青飞
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郑青飞
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N12/00Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts
    • A23N12/02Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for washing or blanching
    • A23N12/023Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for washing or blanching for washing potatoes, apples or similarly shaped vegetables or fruit

Abstract

The invention discloses a linkage type energy-saving radish cleaning device, which comprises a water storage tank, a cleaning barrel and a rotating shaft, wherein the water storage tank is provided with a water inlet and a water outlet; the cleaning barrel is arranged in the water storage tank, connecting springs are symmetrically fixed on two sides of the top of the cleaning barrel, a sliding seat is fixed at the other end of each connecting spring, a sliding rail matched with the sliding seat is installed at the top of an inner cavity of the water storage tank, and the sliding seat is connected with the sliding rail in a sliding mode; the rotating shaft is transversely arranged in the cleaning barrel in a penetrating mode, a plurality of groups of brush rods are arranged on the rotating shaft in the cleaning barrel at equal intervals along the length direction, and bristles are uniformly distributed on the brush rods; a worm is integrally formed on a shaft body of the rotating shaft, which is positioned on the right side of the cleaning cylinder, and a turbine meshed with the worm is arranged above the worm; the rear side of the turbine is coaxially fixed with a rotary table, the rear end face of the rotary table is eccentrically hinged with a connecting rod, and the other end of the connecting rod is hinged to the right side of the cleaning barrel. The radish cleaning device can efficiently complete the radish cleaning work, has a good cleaning effect, and is more energy-saving and environment-friendly due to the adoption of a linkage design.

Description

Energy-saving turnip belt cleaning device of coordinated type
Technical Field
The invention relates to energy-saving equipment, in particular to a linkage type energy-saving radish cleaning device.
Background
Radish, a two-year or one-year old herb of the genus Raphanus of the family Brassicaceae, has a height of 20-100 cm, fleshy taproot, oblong, spherical or conical shape, green, white or red skin, branched stem, hairless, and slightly frosty appearance. The raceme is terminal and axillary, the flower is white or pink, the stem length is 1-1.5 cm, the flowering phase is 4-5 months, and the fruit phase is 5-6 months.
The radish needs to be cleaned on the outer surface after being harvested, and the existing cleaning device can not timely treat the outer surface of the radish by the cleaned silt, so that the cleaning effect is influenced.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a linkage type energy-saving radish cleaning device to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
a linkage energy-saving radish cleaning device comprises a water storage tank, a cleaning barrel and a rotating shaft; the top of the water storage tank is provided with an opening, the bottom of the left side of the water storage tank is connected with a drain pipe, and a valve is arranged on the drain pipe; the cleaning barrel is arranged in the water storage tank, connecting springs are symmetrically fixed on two sides of the top of the cleaning barrel, a sliding seat is fixed at the other end of each connecting spring, a sliding rail matched with the sliding seat is installed at the top of an inner cavity of the water storage tank, and the sliding seat is connected with the sliding rail in a sliding mode; the bottom of the cleaning barrel is uniformly provided with through holes, the top of the cleaning barrel is provided with a material door, and the material door is rotationally connected to the barrel wall of the cleaning barrel through a pin shaft; the rotating shaft transversely penetrates through the cleaning barrel, the barrel wall of the cleaning barrel is made of a grid plate, the rotating shaft is rotatably connected with the two side box walls of the water storage tank, the right end of the rotating shaft extends out of the water storage tank and is connected with a driven belt wheel, a motor is mounted on the outer wall of the right side of the water storage tank, an output shaft of the motor is connected with a driving belt wheel, the driving belt wheel is connected with the driven belt wheel through a belt, a plurality of groups of brush rods are equidistantly arranged on a shaft body of the rotating shaft, which is located in the cleaning barrel, along the length direction, and bristles are uniformly distributed on the brush rods; a worm is integrally formed on a shaft body of the rotating shaft, which is positioned on the right side of the cleaning cylinder, and a worm wheel meshed with the worm is arranged above the worm; the worm wheel is arranged on a bracket fixed on the inner wall of the right side of the water storage tank, a rotary table is coaxially fixed on the rear side of the worm wheel, a connecting rod is eccentrically hinged on the rear end face of the rotary table, and the other end of the connecting rod is hinged to the right side of the cleaning barrel; a plurality of balls are arranged on the inner wall of the through hole at equal intervals along the circumferential direction, and the balls are movably embedded on the inner wall of the through hole; support pieces are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the bottom of the water storage tank.
As a further scheme of the invention: the bottom surface of the inner cavity of the water storage tank is an inclined plane with a lower left part and a higher right part.
As a further scheme of the invention: and a handle is also fixed on the material door.
As a further scheme of the invention: and limiting blocks are further arranged at the two ends of the sliding rail.
As a further scheme of the invention: the number of the brush rods in each group is at least three, and the brush rods are distributed at equal intervals along the circumferential direction.
As a further scheme of the invention: the support piece includes the U template, and the U template is fixed on the storage water tank, is connected with the shock pad on two branches of U template respectively.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
the motor drives the rotating shaft to rotate through the belt pair, so that the brush rod is driven to rotate to clean the radishes; meanwhile, the worm drives the worm wheel to rotate, so that the rotary table is driven to rotate, and the cleaning barrel is driven to reciprocate leftwards and rightwards through the connecting rod in the rotating process of the rotary table, so that the brush rod is in contact with the radish more fully, and the cleaning efficiency is improved; meanwhile, the cleaning barrel in elastic connection can shake in the moving process, so that the silt cleaned from the radishes can be shaken off the cleaning barrel, secondary pollution is avoided, and the cleaning effect is ensured; and a linkage design is adopted between the rotating shaft and the rotating disc, so that the use number of motors is reduced, and the energy-saving and environment-friendly effects are achieved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a linkage type energy-saving radish cleaning device.
Fig. 2 is a schematic diagram of the distribution of the brush rods on the rotating shaft in the linkage type energy-saving radish cleaning device.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged schematic view of a in fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a perforation in the linkage type energy-saving radish cleaning device.
In the figure: 1-water storage tank, 11-drain pipe, 12-opening, 2-cleaning barrel, 21-material door, 211-handle, 22-perforation, 221-ball, 3-slide rail, 31-limiting block, 4-connecting spring, 41-slide seat, 5-rotating shaft, 51-driven pulley, 52-worm, 53-brush rod, 531-brush, 6-motor, 61-driving pulley, 7-worm wheel, 71-bracket, 72-rotary table, 721-connecting rod, 8-supporting piece, 81-U-shaped plate and 82-shock pad.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 4, in an embodiment of the present invention, a linkage energy-saving radish cleaning device includes a water storage tank 1, a cleaning drum 2 and a rotating shaft 5; an opening 12 is formed in the top of the water storage tank 1, a water discharge pipe 11 is connected to the bottom of the left side of the water storage tank 1, a valve is mounted on the water discharge pipe 11, and further, the bottom surface of an inner cavity of the water storage tank 1 is an inclined plane which is lower at the left side and higher at the right side, so that water can be conveniently discharged; the cleaning barrel 2 is arranged in the water storage tank 1, the two sides of the top of the cleaning barrel 2 are symmetrically fixed with connecting springs 4, the other end of each connecting spring 4 is fixed with a sliding seat 41, the top of the inner cavity of the water storage tank 1 is provided with a sliding rail 3 matched with the sliding seat 41, the sliding seat 41 is connected with the sliding rail 3 in a sliding manner, and furthermore, the two ends of the sliding rail 3 are also provided with limiting blocks 31 to prevent the sliding seat 41 from being separated from the sliding rail 3; the wall of the cleaning barrel 2 is made of a grid plate, the top of the cleaning barrel 2 is provided with a material door 21, the material door 21 is rotatably connected to the wall of the cleaning barrel 2 through a pin shaft, and the material door 21 is further fixedly provided with a handle 211 for facilitating the turning operation;
the rotating shaft 5 transversely penetrates through the cleaning barrel 2, through holes 22 are formed in the end faces of two sides of the cleaning barrel 2, the rotating shaft 5 is rotatably connected with the box walls of two sides of the water storage tank 1, the right end of the rotating shaft 5 extends out of the water storage tank 1 and is connected with a driven pulley 51, a motor 6 is installed on the outer wall of the right side of the water storage tank 1, a driving pulley 61 is connected onto an output shaft of the motor 6, the driving pulley 61 is connected with the driven pulley 51 through a belt, a plurality of groups of brush rods 53 are equidistantly arranged along the length direction of a shaft body of the rotating shaft 5 in the cleaning barrel 2, at least three brush rods 53 are circumferentially equidistantly arranged, bristles 531 are uniformly distributed on the brush rods 53, and during operation, the rotating shaft 5 is driven to rotate by the motor 6 through a belt pair, so that the brush rods 53 are driven to rotate to clean radishes;
a worm 52 is integrally formed on a shaft body of the rotating shaft 5 positioned on the right side of the cleaning cylinder 2, and a worm wheel 7 meshed with the worm 52 is arranged above the worm 52; the worm wheel 7 is mounted on a support 71 fixed on the inner wall of the right side of the water storage tank 1, a rotary disc 72 is coaxially fixed on the rear side of the worm wheel 7, a connecting rod 721 is eccentrically hinged on the rear end face of the rotary disc 72, the other end of the connecting rod 721 is hinged to the right side of the cleaning cylinder 2, the worm 52 drives the worm wheel 7 to rotate so as to drive the rotary disc 72 to rotate, the cleaning cylinder 2 is driven to reciprocate left and right by the connecting rod 721 in the rotating process of the rotary disc 72, so that the hairbrush rod 53 is more fully contacted with the radishes, the cleaning efficiency is improved, meanwhile, the cleaning cylinder 2 in elastic connection can shake in the moving process, so that silt cleaned from the radishes is shaken off the cleaning cylinder 2, secondary pollution is avoided, the cleaning effect is ensured, meanwhile, a linkage design is adopted between the rotary shaft 5 and the rotary disc 72, the use number of motors is reduced, and the energy is saved and the environment is protected;
the inner wall of the through hole 22 is provided with a plurality of balls 221 at equal intervals along the circumferential direction, the balls 221 are movably embedded in the inner wall of the through hole 22, when the cleaning barrel 2 shakes, the through hole 22 may be in contact with the rotating shaft 5, and the arrangement of the balls 221 can effectively reduce the friction resistance of the rotating shaft 5 and reduce the influence on the rotating shaft 5;
two sides of the bottom of the water storage tank 1 are symmetrically provided with supporting pieces 8; support piece 8 includes U template 81, and U template 81 is fixed on storage water tank 1, is connected with shock pad 82 on two branches of U template 81 respectively, and U template 81 self U type structure can play certain bradyseism effect, and the setting of cooperation shock pad 82 has reached the effect of dual bradyseism, effectively reduces rocking when the integrated device moves.
The working principle of the invention is as follows:
when the washing machine works, radish to be washed is added into the washing cylinder 2, then a certain amount of clear water is injected into the water storage tank 1 until the liquid level overflows the washing cylinder 2, the motor 6 is started, and the motor 6 drives the rotating shaft 5 to rotate through the belt pair, so that the brush rod 53 is driven to rotate to wash the radish; meanwhile, the worm 52 drives the worm wheel 7 to rotate, so that the rotary table 72 is driven to rotate, the cleaning barrel 2 is driven to move left and right in a reciprocating mode through the connecting rod 721 in the rotating process of the rotary table 72, so that the brush rod 53 is in contact with the radishes more fully, the cleaning efficiency is improved, meanwhile, the cleaning barrel 2 in elastic connection can shake in the moving process, so that the silt cleaned from the radishes can be shaken off the cleaning barrel 2, secondary pollution is avoided, the cleaning effect is guaranteed, and in addition, a linkage type design is adopted between the rotary shaft 5 and the rotary table 72, the use number of motors is reduced, and the energy-saving and environment-friendly effects are achieved; after the washing is finished, the water discharge pipe 11 is opened to discharge the sewage, and then the washed radishes are taken out.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.
Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment may contain only a single embodiment, and such description is for clarity only, and those skilled in the art should integrate the description, and the embodiments may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art.

Claims (5)

1. A linkage energy-saving radish cleaning device comprises a water storage tank (1), a cleaning barrel (2) and a rotating shaft (5); the water storage tank is characterized in that an opening (12) is formed in the top of the water storage tank (1), a water drainage pipe (11) is connected to the bottom of the left side of the water storage tank (1), and a valve is mounted on the water drainage pipe (11); the cleaning device is characterized in that the cleaning barrel (2) is arranged in the water storage tank (1), connecting springs (4) are symmetrically fixed on two sides of the top of the cleaning barrel (2), a sliding seat (41) is fixed at the other end of each connecting spring (4), a sliding rail (3) matched with the sliding seat (41) is installed at the top of an inner cavity of the water storage tank (1), and the sliding seat (41) is slidably connected with the sliding rail (3); through holes (23) are uniformly distributed at the bottom of the cleaning barrel (2), a material door (21) is arranged at the top of the cleaning barrel (2), and the material door (21) is rotatably connected to the barrel wall of the cleaning barrel (2) through a pin shaft; the cleaning device is characterized in that the rotating shaft (5) transversely penetrates through the cleaning barrel (2), through holes (22) are formed in end faces of two sides of the cleaning barrel (2), a barrel wall of the cleaning barrel (2) is made of grid plates, the rotating shaft (5) is rotatably connected with two side box walls of the water storage tank (1), the right end of the rotating shaft (5) extends out of the water storage tank (1) and is connected with a driven belt pulley (51), a motor (6) is installed on the outer wall of the right side of the water storage tank (1), an output shaft of the motor (6) is connected with a driving belt pulley (61), the driving belt pulley (61) is connected with the driven belt pulley (51) through a belt, a plurality of groups of brush rods (53) are equidistantly arranged on a shaft body of the rotating shaft (5) located in the cleaning barrel (2) along the length direction, and bristles (531) are uniformly distributed on the brush rods (53); a worm (52) is integrally formed on a shaft body of the rotating shaft (5) positioned on the right side of the cleaning cylinder (2), and a worm wheel (7) meshed with the worm (52) is arranged above the worm; the worm wheel (7) is arranged on a support (71) fixed on the inner wall of the right side of the water storage tank (1), a rotary table (72) is coaxially fixed on the rear side of the worm wheel (7), a connecting rod (721) is eccentrically hinged on the rear end face of the rotary table (72), and the other end of the connecting rod (721) is hinged to the right side of the cleaning barrel (2); a plurality of balls (221) are equidistantly arranged on the inner wall of the through hole (22) along the circumferential direction, the balls (221) are movably embedded on the inner wall of the through hole (22), and the balls (221) are used for contacting with the rotating shaft (5) when the cleaning barrel (2) shakes so as to reduce the friction resistance on the rotating shaft (5); both sides of the bottom of the water storage tank (1) are symmetrically provided with supporting pieces (8); support piece (8) are including U template (81), and U template (81) are fixed on storage water tank (1), are connected with shock pad (82) on two branches of U template (81) respectively.
2. The linkage type energy-saving radish cleaning device according to claim 1, characterized in that the bottom surface of the inner cavity of the water storage tank (1) is an inclined plane with a lower left side and a higher right side.
3. The linked energy-saving radish cleaning device according to claim 1, characterized in that the material door (21) is fixed with a handle (211).
4. The linkage type energy-saving radish cleaning device according to claim 1, characterized in that both ends of the slide rail (3) are further provided with a limiting block (31).
5. The linked energy-saving radish cleaning device according to claim 1, characterized in that the number of the brush rods (53) in each group is at least three and they are arranged equidistantly along the circumferential direction.
CN201810984032.8A 2018-08-28 2018-08-28 Energy-saving turnip belt cleaning device of coordinated type Active CN108936739B (en)

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CN201810984032.8A CN108936739B (en) 2018-08-28 2018-08-28 Energy-saving turnip belt cleaning device of coordinated type

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN108936739B true CN108936739B (en) 2021-08-17

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109602040B (en) * 2018-12-14 2020-07-31 奉节县忠琼生态农业发展有限公司 Fruit and vegetable cleaning device
CN109907347B (en) * 2019-04-26 2021-05-11 山东农业工程学院 Potato cleaning device

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CN203621054U (en) * 2013-12-19 2014-06-04 湖南科技大学 Diameter-changeable multi-section cylindrical cavity cleaning device
CN204519253U (en) * 2015-04-13 2015-08-05 黄红梅 A kind of energy-efficient peanut cleaning device
CN104921271A (en) * 2015-06-18 2015-09-23 苏晓玲 Efficient vegetable cleaning machine
CN205611723U (en) * 2016-03-22 2016-10-05 林艺森 High -efficient asparagus cleaning machine
CN108433132A (en) * 2018-06-15 2018-08-24 苏州艾捷尔斯生物科技有限公司 A kind of agricultural peanut cleaning device

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