CN108928729B - Lifting appliance and lifting device using same - Google Patents

Lifting appliance and lifting device using same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108928729B
CN108928729B CN201710384948.5A CN201710384948A CN108928729B CN 108928729 B CN108928729 B CN 108928729B CN 201710384948 A CN201710384948 A CN 201710384948A CN 108928729 B CN108928729 B CN 108928729B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
lifting
lifting beam
beam assembly
chain
beams
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201710384948.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108928729A (en
Inventor
王勇
杨相柏
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Yongmei Group Co ltd
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Yongmei Group Co ltd
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Application filed by Yongmei Group Co ltd filed Critical Yongmei Group Co ltd
Priority to CN201710384948.5A priority Critical patent/CN108928729B/en
Publication of CN108928729A publication Critical patent/CN108928729A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108928729B publication Critical patent/CN108928729B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C1/00Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles
    • B66C1/10Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles by mechanical means
    • B66C1/12Slings comprising chains, wires, ropes, or bands; Nets

Abstract

The invention relates to a lifting appliance and a lifting device using the same, wherein the lifting appliance comprises an upper lifting beam assembly and a lower lifting beam assembly which are arranged at intervals up and down, an upper lifting chain for connecting the upper lifting beam assembly to a lifting beam is arranged on the upper lifting beam assembly, the upper lifting beam assembly and the lower lifting beam assembly are connected through a middle lifting chain, a lower lifting chain for connecting a to-be-lifted piece is arranged on the lower lifting beam assembly, the upper lifting beam assembly consists of more than two upper lifting beams which are arranged in parallel, and the lower lifting beam assembly consists of more than two lower lifting beams which are arranged in parallel. The lifting chain has the advantage that intensity is high, and the hoist can rock at the in-process of transportation moreover, and the lifting chain can automatically regulated be balanced, reduces owing to rock the impact to the power of hoist, avoids the deformation of hoist.

Description

Lifting appliance and lifting device using same
Technical Field
The invention relates to a lifting appliance and a lifting device using the same.
Background
The hydraulic support is one of the most common coal mining equipment for coal mine comprehensive mechanization, and needs to be installed in the process of fully mechanized coal mining face arrangement.
Due to space limitation, the single-rail traveling crane is most commonly used, and the single-rail traveling crane connects a hoisting structure on the hydraulic support through a steel wire rope and then hoists the hydraulic support. However, the hydraulic support is easy to be inclined in the hoisting process, normal transportation of the hydraulic support is affected, and even the hydraulic support collides with other objects to cause safety problems.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a lifting appliance, which aims to solve the problem that a hydraulic support is easy to be inclined in the transportation process after being lifted in the prior art; meanwhile, the invention also aims to provide a lifting device using the lifting appliance.
In order to achieve the purpose, the technical scheme of the lifting appliance is as follows: a lifting appliance comprises an upper lifting beam assembly and a lower lifting beam assembly which are arranged at an upper interval and a lower interval, wherein an upper lifting chain for connecting the upper lifting beam assembly to a lifting beam is arranged on the upper lifting beam assembly, the upper lifting beam assembly and the lower lifting beam assembly are connected through a middle lifting chain, a lower lifting chain for connecting a piece to be lifted is arranged on the lower lifting beam assembly, the upper lifting beam assembly comprises more than two upper lifting beams which are arranged in parallel, and the lower lifting beam assembly comprises more than two lower lifting beams which are arranged in parallel.
The upper hanging beam and the lower hanging beam are arranged in a mutually vertical mode and are different in space.
The upper hanging beam assembly is composed of two upper hanging beams, the lower hanging beam assembly is composed of two lower hanging beams, the number of the middle hanging chains is four, the middle hanging chains are vertically arranged, and the middle hanging chains are connected to the end portions of the corresponding lower hanging beams and the end portions of the corresponding upper hanging beams to form a four-corner hanging structure.
The number of the lower hoisting chains is four, the end part of each lower hoisting beam is provided with a lower hoisting chain connecting structure for connecting the corresponding lower hoisting chains, and the distance between the two lower hoisting chain connecting structures on each lower hoisting beam is equal to the distance between hoisting points on the to-be-hoisted piece in the length direction of the lower hoisting beam.
Each go up the hanging beam and include two sub-roof beams, each sub-roof beam is formed by the relative tailor-welding of first L shaped plate and second L shaped plate opening, and the length of first L shaped plate is greater than the length of second L shaped plate, and the welding is in the same place through middle welding piece between two corresponding sub-roof beams, and the both ends of middle welding piece are connected respectively on the part that surpasss second L shaped plate of first L shaped plate, are provided with the first connecting rod that supplies the corresponding end connection of middle chain sling between two sub-roof beams.
The technical scheme of the hoisting device is as follows: the utility model provides a hoisting accessory, includes the monorail crane who has the lifting beam and the hoist of being connected with the lifting beam, the hoist includes upper lifting beam subassembly and lower lifting beam subassembly that upper and lower interval set up, is equipped with the last chain that connects it on the lifting beam on the upper lifting beam subassembly, connects through middle chain between the upper and lower lifting beam subassembly, is equipped with the lower chain that is used for with treating to lift by crane the piece and is connected on the lower lifting beam subassembly, and the upper lifting beam subassembly comprises more than two and the parallel upper lifting beam who arranges, and the lower lifting beam subassembly comprises more than two and the parallel lower lifting beam who arranges.
The upper hanging beam assembly and the lower hanging beam assembly are arranged in a mutually vertical mode and are different in space.
The upper hanging beam assembly is composed of two upper hanging beams, the lower hanging beam assembly is composed of two lower hanging beams, the number of the middle hanging chains is four, the middle hanging chains are vertically arranged, and the middle hanging chains are connected to the end portions of the corresponding lower hanging beams and the end portions of the corresponding upper hanging beams to form a four-corner hanging structure.
The number of the lower hoisting chains is four, the end part of each lower hoisting beam is provided with a lower hoisting chain connecting structure for connecting the corresponding lower hoisting chains, and the distance between the two lower hoisting chain connecting structures on each lower hoisting beam is equal to the distance between hoisting points on the to-be-hoisted piece in the length direction of the lower hoisting beam.
Each the hanging beam includes two sub-roof beams down, and each sub-roof beam forms by first L shaped plate and the relative tailor-welding of second L shaped plate opening, and the length of first L shaped plate is greater than the length of second L shaped plate, and the welding is in the same place through middle welding piece between two corresponding sub-roof beams, and the both ends of middle welding piece are connected respectively on the part that surpasss second L shaped plate of first L shaped plate, are provided with the first connecting rod that supplies the corresponding end connection of middle chain sling between two sub-roof beams.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: adopt upper and lower hanging beam subassembly, and go up between hanging beam subassembly and the lower hanging beam subassembly, go up between hanging beam subassembly and the hanging beam subassembly and hanging beam subassembly down and wait to lift and all be connected through the chain sling between the piece, the chain sling has the advantage that intensity is high, and the hoist can rock at the in-process of transportation in addition, and the chain sling can the automatically regulated balance, reduces owing to rock the impact to the power of hoist, avoids the deformation of hoist.
The hoisting chains in the middle are vertically arranged to form a four-corner hoisting structure, the distance between two lower hoisting chain connecting structures on each lower hoisting beam is equal to the distance between hoisting points on the upper edge of a piece to be hoisted in the length direction of the lower hoisting beam, so that the hoisting chains in the middle and the lower hoisting chains are vertically stressed when being hoisted, the stability is high, the hydraulic support cannot be damaged, and the problems of safety and inconvenience in installation caused by deflection of the hydraulic support in the hoisting transportation process are solved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a first embodiment of a lifting device according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a left side view of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a top view of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a cross beam;
fig. 5 is a structural schematic view of the longitudinal beam.
Detailed Description
The following further describes embodiments of the present invention with reference to the drawings.
A specific embodiment of a lifting device according to the present invention, as shown in fig. 1 to 5, includes a monorail crane, the monorail crane includes a lifting beam, and the lifting device further includes a spreader connected to the lifting beam. The lifting appliance comprises an upper lifting beam assembly and a lower lifting beam assembly, wherein the upper lifting beam assembly comprises two upper lifting beams 2 which are arranged in parallel, the lower lifting beam assembly comprises two lower lifting beams 1 which are arranged in parallel, the upper lifting beam assembly and the lower lifting beam assembly are arranged in a space different plane and perpendicular to each other, the upper lifting beams 2 form cross beams, the lower lifting beams 1 form longitudinal beams, and the lifting appliance comprises two cross beams and two longitudinal beams. The length direction of each lower hanging beam 1 is provided with a first hanging ring 4 corresponding to the position of a lifting point on the hydraulic support along the length direction of the lower hanging beam 1, the number of the first hanging rings 4 on each lower hanging beam is two, the first hanging rings 4 form lower hanging chain connecting structures, each first hanging ring 4 is connected with a lower hanging chain 5, the lower hanging chain 5 is connected with a lifting point on the hydraulic support below, and the distance between the two lower hanging chain connecting structures on each lower hanging beam 5 is equal to the distance between the lifting points on the hydraulic support along the length direction of the lower hanging beam 1.
The number of the middle suspension chains 6 is four, the middle suspension chains 6 are vertically and downwards arranged, and the middle suspension chains 6 are connected to the end parts of the corresponding lower suspension beam 1 and the upper suspension beam 2 to form a four-corner lifting structure.
Each upper hanging beam 2 comprises two sub-beams 8 arranged at intervals, and each sub-beam 8 is formed by welding a first L-shaped plate 10 and a second L-shaped plate 9 in an open opposite mode. The openings of the first L-shaped plates 10 on the two sub-beams 8 are arranged in a back-to-back mode, the length of each first L-shaped plate 10 is larger than that of the corresponding second L-shaped plate 9, the two corresponding sub-beams 8 are welded together through the middle welding piece 12, two ends of the middle welding piece 12 are connected to the portion, exceeding the second L-shaped plate 9, of each first L-shaped plate 10 respectively, a first connecting rod 11 for connecting the corresponding end portion of the middle lifting chain 6 is arranged between the two sub-beams 8, and one end of the middle lifting chain 6 enters the gap between the two sub-beams 8 and is connected with the corresponding connecting rod 11. And a second connecting rod is arranged between the first connecting rods at the two ends of each upper hanging beam 2, each second connecting rod is connected with an upper hanging chain, the other end of each upper hanging chain is connected with the corresponding lifting beam, and the number of the upper hanging chains is two.
The lower hanging beam 1 is of an I-shaped beam structure, the first hanging ring 4 is arranged on one wing plate of the two wing plates of each I-shaped beam structure, and the second hanging ring 3 is arranged on the other wing plate of the two wing plates of each I-shaped beam structure and is connected with the middle hanging chain 6. Reinforcing rib plates 14 are welded between each first hanging ring 4 and the corresponding wing plate.
The process of hoisting and transporting the hydraulic support by the hoisting device of the invention is as follows: the method comprises the steps of connecting a lifting appliance to a lifting beam through an upper lifting chain after the lifting appliance is assembled, transporting a flat car provided with a hydraulic support to a lifting position by using an electric locomotive or a winch, then opening a single-rail traveling crane and the lifting appliance to the lifting position of the hydraulic support, hanging 4 lower lifting chains at the lifting point on the side face of a base of the hydraulic support after the center of the lifting appliance is overlapped with the center of the hydraulic support, starting a lifting pump of the single-rail traveling crane after the lower lifting chains are hung, and slowly lifting the lifting beam, the lifting appliance and the hydraulic support. After the lifting beam is lifted to the highest position, the hydraulic support is separated from the flat car, the flat car is conveyed away from the single-rail traveling crane running line, and the single-rail traveling crane is started to formally convey the hydraulic support into the working face.
The second embodiment of the lifting device of the invention is different from the first embodiment in that the upper lifting beam assembly and the lower lifting beam assembly are not vertical, and the upper lifting beam assembly and the lower lifting beam assembly are crossed spatially.
The third embodiment of the lifting device is different from the first embodiment in the number of the lower lifting chains, and the number and the positions of the lower lifting chains correspond to the number and the positions of lifting points on the hydraulic support.
The fourth embodiment of the lifting device is different from the first embodiment in that the lower lifting beam is a channel steel instead of an I-shaped beam structure.
The fifth embodiment of the lifting device is different from the first embodiment in that each sub-beam is made of square steel instead of two L-shaped plates which are welded in a splicing mode.
The sixth embodiment of the hoisting device of the invention is different from the first embodiment in that the first L-shaped plate and the second L-shaped plate have the same length.
The seventh embodiment of the hoisting device of the present invention is different from the first embodiment in that the upper hoisting beam assembly may be composed of three or more upper hoisting beams, and the lower hoisting beam assembly may be composed of three or more lower hoisting beams.
The structure of the embodiment of the lifting appliance is the same as that of the lifting appliances in the embodiments of the lifting device, and the description is omitted here.

Claims (4)

1. A lifting appliance is characterized in that: the lifting device comprises an upper lifting beam assembly and a lower lifting beam assembly which are arranged at intervals up and down, wherein an upper lifting chain for connecting the upper lifting beam assembly to a lifting beam is arranged on the upper lifting beam assembly, the upper lifting beam assembly and the lower lifting beam assembly are connected through a middle lifting chain, a lower lifting chain for connecting a piece to be lifted is arranged on the lower lifting beam assembly, the upper lifting beam assembly comprises more than two upper lifting beams which are arranged in parallel, the lower lifting beam assembly comprises more than two lower lifting beams which are arranged in parallel, the upper lifting beam and the lower lifting beams are arranged in a different space and are mutually perpendicular, the upper lifting beam assembly comprises two upper lifting beams, the lower lifting beam assembly comprises two lower lifting beams, the number of the middle lifting chains is four, each middle lifting chain is arranged perpendicularly, each middle lifting chain is connected to the end part of the corresponding lower lifting beam and the upper lifting beam to form a four-corner lifting structure, the upper lifting beam comprises two sub-beams, each sub-beam is formed by oppositely welding a first L-shaped plate and a second L-shaped plate opening, the length of first L shaped plate is greater than the length of second L shaped plate, and through the welding of middle welding piece together between two corresponding sub-roof beams, the both ends of middle welding piece are connected respectively in the portion that surpasss the second L shaped plate of first L shaped plate, are provided with the first connecting rod that supplies the corresponding end connection of middle chain sling between two sub-roof beams.
2. The spreader of claim 1, wherein: the number of the lower hoisting chains is four, the end part of each lower hoisting beam is provided with a lower hoisting chain connecting structure for connecting the corresponding lower hoisting chains, and the distance between the two lower hoisting chain connecting structures on each lower hoisting beam is equal to the distance between hoisting points on the to-be-hoisted piece in the length direction of the lower hoisting beam.
3. The utility model provides a hoisting accessory, includes the monorail crane who has the lifting beam and the hoist of being connected with the lifting beam, its characterized in that: the lifting appliance comprises an upper lifting beam assembly and a lower lifting beam assembly which are arranged at intervals up and down, wherein an upper lifting chain for connecting the upper lifting beam assembly to a lifting beam is arranged on the upper lifting beam assembly, the upper lifting beam assembly and the lower lifting beam assembly are connected through a middle lifting chain, a lower lifting chain for connecting a piece to be lifted is arranged on the lower lifting beam assembly, the upper lifting beam assembly comprises more than two upper lifting beams which are arranged in parallel, the lower lifting beam assembly comprises more than two lower lifting beams which are arranged in parallel, the upper lifting beam and the lower lifting beam are spatially different and are mutually and vertically arranged, the upper lifting beam assembly comprises two upper lifting beams, the lower lifting beam assembly comprises two lower lifting beams, the number of the middle lifting chains is four, each middle lifting chain is vertically arranged, each middle lifting chain is connected to the end part of the corresponding lower lifting beam and the upper lifting beam to form a four-corner lifting structure, each upper lifting beam comprises two sub-beams, and each sub-beam is formed by oppositely welding a first L-shaped plate and a second L-shaped plate opening, the length of first L shaped plate is greater than the length of second L shaped plate, and through the welding of middle welding piece together between two corresponding sub-roof beams, the both ends of middle welding piece are connected respectively in the portion that surpasss the second L shaped plate of first L shaped plate, are provided with the first connecting rod that supplies the corresponding end connection of middle chain sling between two sub-roof beams.
4. A lifting device as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the number of the lower hoisting chains is four, the end part of each lower hoisting beam is provided with a lower hoisting chain connecting structure for connecting the corresponding lower hoisting chains, and the distance between the two lower hoisting chain connecting structures on each lower hoisting beam is equal to the distance between hoisting points on the to-be-hoisted piece in the length direction of the lower hoisting beam.
CN201710384948.5A 2017-05-26 2017-05-26 Lifting appliance and lifting device using same Expired - Fee Related CN108928729B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710384948.5A CN108928729B (en) 2017-05-26 2017-05-26 Lifting appliance and lifting device using same

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710384948.5A CN108928729B (en) 2017-05-26 2017-05-26 Lifting appliance and lifting device using same

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CN108928729B true CN108928729B (en) 2020-05-15

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109704187B (en) * 2019-01-23 2023-11-14 民航机场建设工程有限公司 Detachable and adjustable lifting device for steel rib column

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5522633A (en) * 1995-02-21 1996-06-04 Massi; Nathaniel G. Material handler
CN202594616U (en) * 2012-05-04 2012-12-12 国营武汉长虹机械厂 Multifunctional combined hanger
CN203754224U (en) * 2014-04-08 2014-08-06 中交二公局第二工程有限公司 Lifting appliance for lifting bridge cable
CN204529137U (en) * 2015-04-24 2015-08-05 中民筑友有限公司 A kind of lifting equalizer bar and hanging apparatus
CN205555858U (en) * 2016-03-31 2016-09-07 亿昇(天津)科技有限公司 Whole hoist system of lifting by crane of casing

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