CN108911704A - A kind of reinforcing porcelain and its production technology - Google Patents

A kind of reinforcing porcelain and its production technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108911704A
CN108911704A CN201811090436.9A CN201811090436A CN108911704A CN 108911704 A CN108911704 A CN 108911704A CN 201811090436 A CN201811090436 A CN 201811090436A CN 108911704 A CN108911704 A CN 108911704A
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parts
glaze
porcelain
powder
dolomite
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CN108911704B (en
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林桓毅
邓冲
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Longquan Oujiang Celadon Co Ltd
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Longquan Oujiang Celadon Co Ltd
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    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/02Preparing or treating the raw materials individually or as batches
    • C04B33/13Compounding ingredients
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    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
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    • C04B41/45Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements
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    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
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    • C04B41/85Coating or impregnation with inorganic materials
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    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/32Metal oxides, mixed metal oxides, or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3205Alkaline earth oxides or oxide forming salts thereof, e.g. beryllium oxide
    • C04B2235/3208Calcium oxide or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. lime
    • C04B2235/321Dolomites, i.e. mixed calcium magnesium carbonates
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    • C04B2235/32Metal oxides, mixed metal oxides, or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
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    • C04B2235/34Non-metal oxides, non-metal mixed oxides, or salts thereof that form the non-metal oxides upon heating, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
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    • C04B2235/66Specific sintering techniques, e.g. centrifugal sintering
    • C04B2235/661Multi-step sintering
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
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    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
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    • Y02P40/60Production of ceramic materials or ceramic elements, e.g. substitution of clay or shale by alternative raw materials, e.g. ashes

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  • General Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Geochemistry & Mineralogy (AREA)
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of reinforcing porcelain and its production technology, blank includes the component of following parts by weight:30-50 parts of magnesium mountain flour, 25-30 parts of feldspar powder, 28-35 parts of china clay of the border little Mei high head, china clay 26-32 parts of Anfu, 22-26 parts of waste ceramic powder, 16-24 parts of scrap glass powder, 5-12 parts of dolomite, 3-6 parts of barium carbonate;Its glaze includes the component of following parts by weight:It is 30-60 parts of glaze fruit, 20-25 parts of kaolin, 15-25 parts quartzy, 10-20 parts of dolomite, 5-8 parts of petalite, 3-6 parts of boric acid.The present invention reduces the glaze coefficient of expansion while improving glaze plasticity, and the cracking for effectively reducing glaze sintering is possible, promotes glaze paint smoothness, and petalite can promote the melting behaviour between base glaze, improves product whiteness, light transmittance and smoothness;Magnesia is introduced by dolomite, silica is introduced by kaolin and quartz, the constituent content in formula is adjusted and matches adjustment glaze silicon magnesium ratio, improves glaze paint impact strength, it is non-breakable, broken to lack, crack.

Description

A kind of reinforcing porcelain and its production technology
Technical field
The invention belongs to strengthen porcelain processing technique field, more particularly, to a kind of reinforcing porcelain and its production technology.
Background technique
Strengthening porcelain is household china salable, it is mainly characterized by:Material shock resistance bending strength is high, light-weight, thickness It is thin, it is small to fire deformation.Strengthen ceramic products because being not easy to touch cut edge, durable, is quite liked by consumer.
During strengthening porcelain preparation, porcelain billet needs glazing to be fired again after the completion of preparation.But traditional glaze adds Glaze paint smoothness and glossiness after work is low, and shock resistance, impact resistant capability are low, fragile scarce, broken, cracking.
Summary of the invention
For overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, glaze paint is not easy to crack after providing a kind of sintering, excellent in cushion effect by the present invention Reinforcing porcelain and its production technology.
To achieve the goals above, the present invention uses following technical scheme:A kind of reinforcing porcelain, blank include following heavy Measure the component of number:30-50 parts of magnesium mountain flour, 25-30 parts of feldspar powder, 28-35 parts of china clay of the border little Mei high head, Anfu china clay 26- 32 parts, 22-26 parts of waste ceramic powder, 16-24 parts of scrap glass powder, 5-12 parts of dolomite, 3-6 parts of barium carbonate;
Its glaze includes the component of following parts by weight:It is 30-60 parts of glaze fruit, 20-25 parts of kaolin, 15-25 parts quartzy, 10-20 parts of dolomite, 5-8 parts of petalite, 3-6 parts of boric acid.
Further, blank includes the component of following parts by weight:50 parts of magnesium mountain flour, 30 parts of feldspar powder, little Mei high 35 parts of china clay, 28 parts of Anfu china clay, 24 parts of waste ceramic powder, 18 parts of scrap glass powder, 8 parts of dolomite, 3 parts of barium carbonate of border head;
Its glaze includes the component of following parts by weight:50 parts of glaze fruit, 20 parts of kaolin, 15 parts of quartz, dolomite 10 Part, 8 parts of petalite, 3 parts of boric acid.
Further, the partial size of the waste ceramic powder is 10-20um, and the partial size of the scrap glass is 15-25um; The partial size of two kinds of powder is respectively provided with smaller, during investment is processed into blank, guarantees to process obtained blank more Exquisiteness, the reinforcing porcelain quality fired is fine and smooth, and flatness and glossiness are higher.
The invention also includes a kind of production technologies for strengthening porcelain, include the following steps:
(1) raw material is weighed:Magnesium stone is weighed according to the weight fraction ratio of blank component, feldspar, the border little Mei high head china clay, Anfu china clay, waste ceramic, scrap glass, dolomite, barium carbonate;Glaze fruit is weighed according to the weight fraction ratio of glaze component, it is high Ridge soil, quartz, dolomite, petalite, boric acid;
(2) blank is prepared:
A. waste ceramic and scrap glass are crushed, sub-sieve, cleaning, drying, grinding respectively, powder are prepared, And the powder for preparing waste ceramic crosses 600-700 mesh, the powder that scrap glass is prepared crosses 500-900 mesh Sieve;
B. magnesium stone, feldspar, dolomite part be crushed, cleaned, being dried, grind after corresponding powder is prepared;
C. by the powder being prepared in above-mentioned steps and the border little Mei high weighed head china clay, Anfu china clay is being stirred Mix and carry out being mixed to get mixture in mixing arrangement, later to mixture carry out filters pressing, pugging, it is aging after at base mud;
(3) porcelain making base:Base mud is molded into porcelain body, it is dry;
(4) glaze is prepared:The each component of above-mentioned glaze is added into ball milling, glaze is obtained after grinding;
(5) biscuiting:By porcelain body after high temperature and low temperature biscuiting twice kiln discharge;
(6) glazing:Using swinging glaze method for glaze in porcelain body on the glaze being prepared, using dipping in glaze method glaze outside porcelain body;
(7) it is fired by glaze:By finished product after the porcelain body glaze firing after glazing.
Further, ballstone in the ball milling:Glaze:The ratio of water is:1-3:1:0.5-0.8.
Further, when high temperature biscuiting, kiln temperature is first risen to 200-220 DEG C, temperature is risen into 480- again after firing 1h It 520 DEG C, fires 40min and rises to 680-700 DEG C of firing 1h again, then rise to 1280 DEG C of firing 1h.
Further, when low temperature biscuiting, kiln temperature is 700-800 DEG C, and the time of firing is 5-7h.
In conclusion the present invention has the following advantages that:
1, boric acid is added in glaze, kaolinic plasticity is enhanced by boric acid, enhances the tension of glaze, anti-deformation Ability;Meanwhile low-expansion material lithium feldspar is introduced, reduce the coefficient of expansion of glaze;Glaze is reduced while improving glaze plasticity The coefficient of expansion, effectively reduce glaze sintering cracking may, promoted glaze paint smoothness, and petalite can promote base glaze it Between melting behaviour, improve product whiteness, light transmittance and smoothness.
2, aluminium oxide is introduced as toughening reinforcing material by kaolin simultaneously, further decreasing glaze paint sintering may go out Existing cracking situation, and improve the impact strength of glaze paint.
3, magnesia is introduced by dolomite, silica is introduced by kaolin and quartz, adjusts the component in formula Content proportion adjustment glaze silicon magnesium ratio, improves glaze paint impact strength;The sintered smoothness of glaze paint can be improved in quartz simultaneously, Further increase the gloss and feel of glaze paint.
4, the intensity and glossiness of glaze paint after firing twice by high temperature biscuiting and low temperature biscuiting, are effectively increased, and is adopted It is fired with heating-cooling-heating mode, effectively improves the caking ability between glaze paint and porcelain billet, improve the porcelain fired and obtained Quality.
5, the silica in blank is introduced into using scrap glass powder, effectively reduces the investment of the raw materials such as quartz, and right Solid waste has carried out good recycling, improves resource utilization.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural diagram of the present invention one.
Fig. 2 is structural schematic diagram two of the invention.
Fig. 3 is diagrammatic cross-section one of the invention.
Fig. 4 is the enlarged drawing in Fig. 3 at A.
Fig. 5 is diagrammatic cross-section two of the invention.
Fig. 6 is the enlarged drawing in Fig. 5 at C.
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of equal materials and parts in the present invention.
Specific embodiment
In order to make those skilled in the art better understand the present invention program, below in conjunction in the embodiment of the present invention Attached drawing, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is clearly and completely described.
Embodiment 1
A kind of reinforcing porcelain and its production technology, the blank for strengthening porcelain includes the component of following parts by weight:Magnesium mountain flour 50 Part, 30 parts of feldspar powder, 35 parts of china clay of the border little Mei high head, 32 parts of Anfu china clay, 26 parts of waste ceramic powder, 24 parts of scrap glass powder, 12 parts of dolomite, 6 parts of barium carbonate;Its glaze includes the component of following parts by weight:60 parts of glaze fruit, 25 parts of kaolin, white clouds 20 parts of stone, 8 parts of petalite, 3 parts of boric acid;Wherein, the partial size of the waste ceramic powder is 20um, the grain of the scrap glass Diameter is 25um.
The production technology of above-mentioned reinforcing porcelain, includes the following steps:(1) raw material is weighed:According to the parts by weight of blank component Than weighing magnesium stone, feldspar, the border little Mei high head china clay, Anfu china clay, waste ceramic, scrap glass, dolomite, barium carbonate;Root Glaze fruit, kaolin, quartz, dolomite, petalite, boric acid are weighed according to the weight fraction ratio of glaze component;(2) blank is prepared:
A. waste ceramic and scrap glass are crushed, sub-sieve, cleaning, drying, grinding respectively, powder are prepared, And the powder for preparing waste ceramic crosses 700 meshes, the powder that scrap glass is prepared crosses 900 meshes;B. by magnesium Stone processed, feldspar, dolomite be crushed, cleaned, being dried, grind after corresponding powder is prepared;C. it will be prepared in above-mentioned steps Obtained powder and the border the little Mei high head china clay weighed, Anfu china clay carries out being mixed to get in mixing stirring device mixed Close object, later to mixture carry out filters pressing, pugging, it is aging after at base mud;(3) porcelain making base:Base mud is molded into porcelain body, it is dry; (4) glaze is prepared:The each component of above-mentioned glaze is added into ball milling, glaze is obtained after grinding;(5) biscuiting:Porcelain body is passed through Kiln discharge after high temperature and low temperature biscuiting twice;(6) glazing:Using glaze method is swung by glaze in porcelain body on the glaze being prepared, use Dip in the outer glaze of porcelain body in glaze method;(7) it is fired by glaze:By finished product after the porcelain body glaze firing after glazing;Ballstone in the ball milling:Glaze:Water Ratio be:3:1:0.8;When high temperature biscuiting, kiln temperature is first risen to 220 DEG C, temperature is risen to 520 DEG C again after firing 1h, is fired 40min rises to 700 DEG C of firing 1h again, then rises to 1280 DEG C of firing 1h;When low temperature biscuiting, kiln temperature is 800 DEG C, the time of firing For 7h.
As shown in figs. 1-7, the mixing stirring device include teeter chamber 1, agitating paddle 2, feed inlet 3, discharge port 4 and Homogenizing device is stirred, the agitating paddle 2 is anchor formula agitating paddle made of metal, is rotatably set in teeter chamber 1;Agitating paddle Top be pierced by teeter chamber top, be connected to the motor, rotated by motor driven agitating paddle, so that the object in teeter chamber 1 There is turbulent condition in material, achievees the effect that mixed material;The feed inlet 3 is set to 1 top of teeter chamber, the discharge port 4 Set on 1 lower part of teeter chamber, it is connected separately with feed pipe and discharge pipe on feed inlet, discharge port, by feed pipe by object Material is delivered in teeter chamber, will be stirred indoor material by discharge pipe and is discharged;The stirring homogenizing device is set to and stirs Mix in room 1, for the material for being deposited on teeter chamber bottom to be delivered to 1 middle and upper part of teeter chamber, and by agitating paddle 2 on The material in portion is mixed;By stirring the setting of homogenizing device, the material of teeter chamber's bottom deposit is transported to Teeter chamber top, thus realize that the upper and lower of material stirs in teeter chamber, the mixing of high degree increased between blank component The uniformity improves dispersed homogeneous degree of the scrap glass powder in blank, improves the smoothness on the base porcelain surface after forming by a firing, To further increase the smoothness and glossiness on porcelain surface after glaze adheres to, product quality is promoted.
Specifically, the stirring homogenizing device includes equal hopper 51, multiple suction parts 52, multiple outlets 53 and takes out Suction part 54, the equal hopper 51 are housing made of metal, which is located at 1 bottom centre position of teeter chamber, and housing Lower part is connected in teeter chamber bottom;The suction materials and parts 54 are rotatably set in equal hopper, and the suction materials and parts 54 include Shaft 541 and the suction wheel 542 being fixedly arranged in shaft, the suction wheel 542 is by the multi-disc curved surface bucket that is inclined in shaft 543 are constituted, and when the shaft 541 rotates, the suction wheel 542 can will be located at the material below suction wheel 542 to suction wheel 542 top conveyings;Preferably, the curved surface of blade is bending setting from the bottom to top, thus when suction wheel is rotated, it will no The disconnected material by suction wheel lower part is conveyed to suction wheel top, and conveying power is big, even if dense in teeter chamber's bottom sediment It spends in biggish situation, can also guarantee that material can be inhaled into equal hopper, and be delivered in discharge nozzle, equipment operation effect Fruit is stablized, and the failure that can not be aspirated is less prone to.
The evenly spaced distribution along the outer wall circumferencial direction of the equal hopper of the multiple suction part 52;Each suction Part 52 is the suction tube being connected made of metal with equal hopper, and multiple suction tubes are laid on teeter chamber's bottom position;It is described It is upper along its length evenly spaced equipped with multiple suction holes 521 on suction tube;The multiple outlet 53 is along the equal hopper Outer wall circumferencial direction on evenly spaced distribution, each outlet 53 be L-type structure made of metal setting discharging Pipe, the discharge nozzle are connected with equal hopper;It is above evenly spaced along its length on discharge nozzle that multiple discharge holes are distributed with 531, the paddle side locations of the agitating paddle 2 are arranged in 531 part of discharge hole, and the agitating paddle 2 is partially arranged in Paddle lower position;And then material by discharge nozzle when being discharged, it will from the side of agitating paddle and lower part both direction to Material is conveyed at agitating paddle, be discharged by both direction and is mixed with the material on top, and mixed area is wide, later period agitating paddle When rotation, the mixing between material will be more uniform.
When the suction materials and parts 54 rotate, the material of controllable 1 bottom of teeter chamber is entered in equal hopper 51 by suction part, And the middle and upper part position in teeter chamber 1 is expelled to by outlet;Suction part and outlet be disposed as it is multiple so that stirring The material accumulated at indoor different location can be sucked into equal hopper by suction part, then be expelled to and stirred by multiple outlets It mixes at indoor different location, material agitation degree is big, further improves the uniformity of material stirring;Material is from discharge hole Place sprays outward, and due to being set as pore structure, diameter is not too big, and then jet power of the material when spraying outward from hole Spend it is larger, thus material at discharge hole spray when, it will be able to realization mixed with the preliminary of top material, pass through again later The rotation of agitating shaft further mixes material, and mixed effect is good, and mixing efficiency is also higher.
Preferably, the suction tube position is located at the top of discharge nozzle, but suction tube and discharge nozzle are staggeredly to set It sets, when suction tube is when taking out material, the material in corresponding position height will sink because of leaving for bottoms material, generate disorderly State;When discharge nozzle is in discharging, material in corresponding position height as the impact of material and there is turbulent;By that will inhale Expects pipe and discharge nozzle are set as staggered, and for the mode that opposite suction, discharge nozzle are aligned with up and down, material occurs disorderly The area of state improves 2 times, further improves the mixed effect of material, promotes mixture homogeneity.
Further, the equal hopper 51 be equipped with the first connector 511 for being matched with the discharge nozzle and with it is described The second connector 512 that suction tube matches, first connector 511 are equipped with unidirectional outlet 513, the second connector 512 It is equipped with unidirectional inlet 514, the unidirectional outlet 513 and unidirectional inlet 514 are directly to be commercially available on the market Check valve, such as duckbill valve, structure repeat no more, and model is also not specifically limited;Pass through unidirectional outlet and unidirectional charging The setting of part guarantees that material can only enter in equal hopper from suction tube, is only capable of discharging by discharge nozzle, guarantees suction It is always to be delivered up material by bottom when materials and parts work, material conveying direction is consistent, and material turbulent condition is stablized, mixing It works well.
54 top of suction materials and parts is pierced by equal 51 top of hopper, and the agitating paddle 2 is driven by drive mechanism The suction materials and parts 54 rotate;Suction materials and parts rotation is directly driven by the rotation of agitating paddle, and then without in addition setting power Source drives suction materials and parts;And split settings between agitating shaft and suction materials and parts, realize that transmission connects by drive mechanism It connects, it is more easy to assemble and process, and when later period one of parts damages, can be individually replaced to the component, repairs Cost is relatively low;Specifically, the drive mechanism includes that 61, two rotation stop grooves 62 of inserting groove, the rotation stop of grafting protrusion 63, two are convex Portion 64 and expansion mouth 65;The inserting groove 61 and grafting protrusion 63 are column construction, and the shape size of the two is equal; The inserting groove 61 is set to 541 top of shaft, and the grafting protrusion 63 is set to the agitating paddle bottom;The grafting is convex Portion 63 and rotation stop protrusion 64 are strip structure setting, and the size of the two is identical, two symmetrical settings of rotation stop groove 62 On inserting groove inner wall, two rotation stop protrusions 64 are symmetrical to be arranged on the outer wall of grafting protrusion;When connection, the grafting Protrusion is inserted into inserting groove, and rotation stop protrusion is inserted into rotation stop groove simultaneously, so that stirring and shaft be with respect to rotation stop, when stirring When mixing paddle rotation, shaft can be driven to rotate, and then drive the rotation of suction wheel.
The expansion mouth 65 is set on the inserting groove upper position, so that inserting groove top becomes similar horn-like Structure, the setting of expansion mouth are less prone to inserting not so that operation of the grafting protrusion when being inserted into inserting groove is more easy Quasi- situation, assembly efficiency are high.
Preferably, 51 bottom of equal hopper is equipped with circular discharge gate 515, discharge is connected on the discharge gate 515 Pipe 516, the drainage conduit 516 are pierced by 1 bottom of teeter chamber;It, can will be in equal hopper by drainage conduit when equipment is not used Material the case where discharging, avoiding extra residual slurry in equal hopper, cause suction wheel that can not rotate after solidification, Reduce equipment failure rate and maintenance rate;The above-mentioned drainage conduit referred to, feed pipe, discharge pipe are equipped with valve, and valve can Using shut-off valve, structure is repeated no more.
Embodiment 2
A kind of reinforcing porcelain and its production technology, the blank for strengthening porcelain includes the component of following parts by weight:Magnesium mountain flour 30 Part, 25 parts of feldspar powder, 28 parts of china clay of the border little Mei high head, 26 parts of Anfu china clay, 22 parts of waste ceramic powder, 16 parts of scrap glass powder, 5 parts of dolomite, 3 parts of barium carbonate;Its glaze includes the component of following parts by weight:30 parts of glaze fruit, 20 parts of kaolin, dolomite 10 parts, 5 parts of petalite, 6 parts of boric acid;Wherein, the partial size of the waste ceramic powder is 10um, the partial size of the scrap glass For 15um.
The production technology of above-mentioned reinforcing porcelain, includes the following steps:(1) raw material is weighed:According to the parts by weight of blank component Than weighing magnesium stone, feldspar, the border little Mei high head china clay, Anfu china clay, waste ceramic, scrap glass, dolomite, barium carbonate;Root Glaze fruit, kaolin, quartz, dolomite, petalite, boric acid are weighed according to the weight fraction ratio of glaze component;(2) blank is prepared:
A. waste ceramic and scrap glass are crushed, sub-sieve, cleaning, drying, grinding respectively, powder are prepared, And the powder for preparing waste ceramic crosses 600 meshes, the powder that scrap glass is prepared crosses 500 meshes;B. by magnesium Stone processed, feldspar, dolomite be crushed, cleaned, being dried, grind after corresponding powder is prepared;C. it will be prepared in above-mentioned steps Obtained powder and the border the little Mei high head china clay weighed, Anfu china clay carries out being mixed to get in mixing stirring device mixed Close object, later to mixture carry out filters pressing, pugging, it is aging after at base mud;(3) porcelain making base:Base mud is molded into porcelain body, it is dry; (4) glaze is prepared:The each component of above-mentioned glaze is added into ball milling, glaze is obtained after grinding;(5) biscuiting:Porcelain body is passed through Kiln discharge after high temperature and low temperature biscuiting twice;(6) glazing:Using glaze method is swung by glaze in porcelain body on the glaze being prepared, use Dip in the outer glaze of porcelain body in glaze method;(7) it is fired by glaze:By finished product after the porcelain body glaze firing after glazing;Ballstone in the ball milling:Glaze:Water Ratio be:1:1:0.5;When high temperature biscuiting, kiln temperature is first risen to 200 DEG C, temperature is risen to 480 DEG C again after firing 1h, is fired 40min rises to 680 DEG C of firing 1h again, then rises to 1280 DEG C of firing 1h;When low temperature biscuiting, kiln temperature is 700 DEG C, the time of firing For 5h.
Embodiment 3
A kind of reinforcing porcelain and its production technology, the blank for strengthening porcelain includes the component of following parts by weight:Magnesium mountain flour 50 Part, 30 parts of feldspar powder, 35 parts of china clay of the border little Mei high head, 28 parts of Anfu china clay, 24 parts of waste ceramic powder, 18 parts of scrap glass powder, 8 parts of dolomite, 3 parts of barium carbonate;Its glaze includes the component of following parts by weight:50 parts of glaze fruit, 20 parts of kaolin, quartz 15 Part, 10 parts of dolomite, 8 parts of petalite, 3 parts of boric acid;Wherein, the partial size of the waste ceramic powder is 15um, the discarded glass The partial size of glass is 18um.
The production technology of above-mentioned reinforcing porcelain, includes the following steps:(1) raw material is weighed:According to the parts by weight of blank component Than weighing magnesium stone, feldspar, the border little Mei high head china clay, Anfu china clay, waste ceramic, scrap glass, dolomite, barium carbonate;Root Glaze fruit, kaolin, quartz, dolomite, petalite, boric acid are weighed according to the weight fraction ratio of glaze component;(2) blank is prepared:
A. waste ceramic and scrap glass are crushed, sub-sieve, cleaning, drying, grinding respectively, powder are prepared, And the powder for preparing waste ceramic crosses 700 meshes, the powder that scrap glass is prepared crosses 900 meshes;B. by magnesium Stone processed, feldspar, dolomite be crushed, cleaned, being dried, grind after corresponding powder is prepared;C. it will be prepared in above-mentioned steps Obtained powder and the border the little Mei high head china clay weighed, Anfu china clay carries out being mixed to get in mixing stirring device mixed Close object, later to mixture carry out filters pressing, pugging, it is aging after at base mud;(3) porcelain making base:Base mud is molded into porcelain body, it is dry; (4) glaze is prepared:The each component of above-mentioned glaze is added into ball milling, glaze is obtained after grinding;(5) biscuiting:Porcelain body is passed through Kiln discharge after excessively high mild low temperature biscuiting twice;(6) glazing:Using glaze method is swung by glaze in porcelain body on the glaze being prepared, use Dip in the outer glaze of porcelain body in glaze method;(7) it is fired by glaze:By finished product after the porcelain body glaze firing after glazing;Ballstone in the ball milling:Glaze:Water Ratio be:1.5:1:0.8;When high temperature biscuiting, kiln temperature is first risen to 220 DEG C, temperature is risen to 480 DEG C again after firing 1h, It fires 40min and rises to 700 DEG C of firing 1h again, then rise to 1280 DEG C of firing 1h;When low temperature biscuiting, kiln temperature is 800 DEG C, firing Time is 6h.
The ingredient of above-mentioned glaze:
Table 1:The chemical composition of the fractions of above-mentioned glaze
Table 2:The properties of product that above-described embodiment is prepared
Obviously, described embodiment is only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Base Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts all Other embodiments should fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of reinforcing porcelain, it is characterised in that:
Its blank includes the component of following parts by weight:30-50 parts of magnesium mountain flour, 25-30 parts of feldspar powder, the border little Mei high head china clay 28-35 parts, china clay 26-32 parts of Anfu, 22-26 parts of waste ceramic powder, 16-24 parts of scrap glass powder, 5-12 parts of dolomite, carbonic acid 3-6 parts of barium;
Its glaze includes the component of following parts by weight:It is 30-60 parts of glaze fruit, 20-25 parts of kaolin, 15-25 parts quartzy, dolomite 10-20 parts, 5-8 parts of petalite, 3-6 parts of boric acid.
2. reinforcing porcelain according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
Its blank includes the component of following parts by weight:50 parts of magnesium mountain flour, 30 parts of feldspar powder, 35 parts of china clay of the border little Mei high head, 28 parts of Anfu china clay, 24 parts of waste ceramic powder, 18 parts of scrap glass powder, 8 parts of dolomite, 3 parts of barium carbonate;
Its glaze includes the component of following parts by weight:50 parts of glaze fruit, 20 parts of kaolin, 15 parts of quartz, 10 parts of dolomite, saturating lithium 8 parts of feldspar, 3 parts of boric acid.
3. reinforcing porcelain according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The partial size of the waste ceramic powder is 10-20um, described The partial size of scrap glass is 15-25um.
4. the production technology according to any one of claim 1-3 for strengthening porcelain, it is characterised in that:Include the following steps:
(1) raw material is weighed:Magnesium stone, feldspar, the border little Mei high head china clay, Anfu porcelain are weighed according to the weight fraction ratio of blank component Soil, waste ceramic, scrap glass, dolomite, barium carbonate;Glaze fruit, kaolin, stone are weighed according to the weight fraction ratio of glaze component English, dolomite, petalite, boric acid;
(2) blank is prepared:
A. waste ceramic and scrap glass are crushed, sub-sieve, cleaning, drying, grinding respectively, powder are prepared, and will Powder prepared by waste ceramic crosses 600-700 mesh, and the powder that scrap glass is prepared crosses 500-900 mesh;
B. magnesium stone, feldspar, dolomite part be crushed, cleaned, being dried, grind after corresponding powder is prepared;
C. by the powder being prepared in above-mentioned steps and the border little Mei high weighed head china clay, Anfu china clay is being stirred Carry out being mixed to get mixture in device, later to mixture carry out filters pressing, pugging, it is aging after at base mud;
(3) porcelain making base:Base mud is molded into porcelain body, it is dry;
(4) glaze is prepared:The each component of above-mentioned glaze is added into ball milling, glaze is obtained after grinding;
(5) biscuiting:By porcelain body after high temperature and low temperature biscuiting twice kiln discharge;
(6) glazing:Using swinging glaze method for glaze in porcelain body on the glaze being prepared, using dipping in glaze method glaze outside porcelain body;
(7) it is fired by glaze:By finished product after the porcelain body glaze firing after glazing.
5. the production technology according to claim 4 for strengthening porcelain, it is characterised in that:Ballstone in the ball milling:Glaze:Water Ratio is:1-3:1:0.5-0.8.
6. the production technology according to claim 4 for strengthening porcelain, it is characterised in that:When high temperature biscuiting, first kiln temperature is risen to 200-220 DEG C, temperature is risen to 480-520 DEG C again after firing 1h, 40min is fired and rises to 680-700 DEG C of firing 1h again, then rise to 1280 DEG C of firing 1h.
7. the production technology according to claim 4 for strengthening porcelain, it is characterised in that:When low temperature biscuiting, kiln temperature 700-800 DEG C, the time of firing is 5-7h.
CN201811090436.9A 2018-09-18 2018-09-18 Reinforced porcelain and production process thereof Active CN108911704B (en)

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CN113816722A (en) * 2021-09-26 2021-12-21 江西和美陶瓷有限公司 Heat-resistant ceramic rock plate, manufacturing method and waste glass cleaning and recycling treatment method
CN113845358A (en) * 2021-10-26 2021-12-28 福建省德化县恒翔工艺有限公司 High-strength ceramic decorative flower product and preparation method thereof

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CN107698153A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-02-16 南宁市生润科技有限公司 A kind of imitative copper luster ceramic glaze
CN107793027A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-03-13 南宁市生润科技有限公司 A kind of ceramic glaze with self-cleaning function
CN108275990A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-07-13 湖南港鹏实业有限公司 Magnesia porcelain and preparation method thereof

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CN105693200A (en) * 2016-02-02 2016-06-22 景德镇陶瓷学院 Jingdezhen misty blue durable china and preparation method thereof
CN106045489A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-10-26 戴章宸 Magnesium strengthened porcelain and production technology thereof
CN107698153A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-02-16 南宁市生润科技有限公司 A kind of imitative copper luster ceramic glaze
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CN113816722A (en) * 2021-09-26 2021-12-21 江西和美陶瓷有限公司 Heat-resistant ceramic rock plate, manufacturing method and waste glass cleaning and recycling treatment method
CN113816722B (en) * 2021-09-26 2022-12-16 江西和美陶瓷有限公司 Heat-resistant ceramic rock plate, manufacturing method and waste glass cleaning and recycling treatment method
CN113845358A (en) * 2021-10-26 2021-12-28 福建省德化县恒翔工艺有限公司 High-strength ceramic decorative flower product and preparation method thereof
CN113845358B (en) * 2021-10-26 2022-08-12 福建省德化县恒翔工艺有限公司 High-strength ceramic decorative flower product and preparation method thereof

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Denomination of invention: A kind of strengthened porcelain and its production process

Effective date of registration: 20221030

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Pledgee: Longquan Branch of China Construction Bank Co.,Ltd.

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