CN108908790A - A kind of waste plastic recovery and processing system - Google Patents

A kind of waste plastic recovery and processing system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108908790A
CN108908790A CN201810665959.5A CN201810665959A CN108908790A CN 108908790 A CN108908790 A CN 108908790A CN 201810665959 A CN201810665959 A CN 201810665959A CN 108908790 A CN108908790 A CN 108908790A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plastic
plastics
dryer
processing system
material containing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201810665959.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108908790B (en
Inventor
朱晓萍
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shanxi Zhihao Renewable Resources Recycling Co ltd
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Individual
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Priority to CN202010628262.8A priority Critical patent/CN111716592A/en
Priority to CN201810665959.5A priority patent/CN108908790B/en
Publication of CN108908790A publication Critical patent/CN108908790A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108908790B publication Critical patent/CN108908790B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D33/00Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation
    • B01D33/01Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation with translationally moving filtering elements, e.g. pistons
    • B01D33/03Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation with translationally moving filtering elements, e.g. pistons with vibrating filter elements
    • B01D33/0346Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation with translationally moving filtering elements, e.g. pistons with vibrating filter elements with flat filtering elements
    • B01D33/0353Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation with translationally moving filtering elements, e.g. pistons with vibrating filter elements with flat filtering elements self-supporting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • B02C4/08Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers with co-operating corrugated or toothed crushing-rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/10Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with a roller co-operating with a stationary member
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/30Shape or construction of rollers
    • B02C4/305Wear resistant rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B13/00Conditioning or physical treatment of the material to be shaped
    • B29B13/06Conditioning or physical treatment of the material to be shaped by drying
    • B29B13/065Conditioning or physical treatment of the material to be shaped by drying of powder or pellets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • B29B17/04Disintegrating plastics, e.g. by milling
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • B29B2017/001Pretreating the materials before recovery
    • B29B2017/0015Washing, rinsing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • B29B2017/0089Recycling systems, wherein the flow of products between producers, sellers and consumers includes at least a recycling step, e.g. the products being fed back to the sellers or to the producers for recycling purposes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • B29B17/04Disintegrating plastics, e.g. by milling
    • B29B2017/0424Specific disintegrating techniques; devices therefor
    • B29B2017/0476Cutting or tearing members, e.g. spiked or toothed cylinders or intermeshing rollers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/52Mechanical processing of waste for the recovery of materials, e.g. crushing, shredding, separation or disassembly
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/62Plastics recycling; Rubber recycling

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of waste plastic recovery and processing systems, including plastic breaker, plastic dryer, plastics Plasticator and injection molding machine, preliminary crushing device and secondary crushing device are equipped in the plastic breaker, the preliminary damaged device is set to above the secondary crushing device, the plastic dryer side is equipped with air-heater, exhaust outlet is equipped with below the air-heater, case lid is equipped at the top of the plastic dryer, the case lid is equipped with feeding device, material containing case is additionally provided in the plastic dryer, the material containing case side wall is equipped with air hole, the secondary crushing device includes being set to the grinding base that can be sprayed and the mixing roll matched with the grinding base in the plastic dryer;The recovery processing of waste plastics is made into a system, so that waste plastics substep is carried out stepwise disposal, promotes the recovery efficiency of waste plastics.

Description

A kind of waste plastic recovery and processing system
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of plastics processing, more particularly, to a kind of waste plastic recovery and processing system.
Background technique
As plastic products consumption figure constantly increases, waste plastic is also increasing, and the processing of waste plastics has been carved Do not allow to delay.The recycling and reusing of waste plastics becomes the novel method to Treatment of Waste Plastics, is crushed by carrying out cleaning to waste plastics, Plastics under molten condition are finally carried out injection process, are recycled plastics by dry plasticizing.It is existing to waste plastics Reclaimer it is more dispersed, the process of complete set can not be covered to waste plastics, during plastic crushing plastics generate Dust endangers larger, unsuitable long period of operation caused by human body, and plastics recycling process is backward.
Summary of the invention
The present invention for overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provide it is a kind of effectively waste plastics is recycled it is discarded Plastics recovery processing system.
To achieve the goals above, the present invention uses following technical scheme:A kind of waste plastic recovery and processing system, including Plastic breaker, plastic dryer, plastics Plasticator and injection molding machine, the plastic breaker is interior to be equipped with preliminary crushing device and two Secondary crushing device, the preliminary damaged device are set to above the secondary crushing device, and the plastic dryer side is equipped with heat Blower, the air-heater lower section are equipped with exhaust outlet, case lid are equipped at the top of the plastic dryer, and the case lid is filled equipped with feeding It sets, material containing case is additionally provided in the plastic dryer, the material containing case side wall is equipped with air hole, the secondary crushing device packet It includes and is set to the grinding base that can be sprayed and the mixing roll matched with the grinding base in the plastic dryer;Waste plastic After being collected arrangement, it is introduced into plastic breaker and break process is carried out to waste plastics, then broken plastics are put into modeling In material dryer, plastics are dried, the plastics after drying are put into plastics Plasticator and carry out plastics processing, finally The plastics under molten condition are molded again by injection molding machine, waste plastic is enable to be recycled, are conducive to environmental protection, Waste plastic is avoided to pollute the environment;By the mutual cooperation between each equipment, carry out plastics recovery processing sequentially, Waste plastic can carry out complete processing in each equipment, promote waste plastic recovery efficiency;It enters in plastic breaker Plastics carry out carrying out break process by second-time breakage equipment again after being tentatively crushed by preliminary crushing device, promote plastic crushing Effect makes plastics preferably be fractured into little particle;It is acted on by the spray of grinding base, the dust that plastic crushing generates is passed through Current scour is got off, and is avoided excessive the diffusing of dust from impacting in air to the body of worker, is reduced the pollution of dust, drops The incidence of lower security accident;Air-heater is to provide hot-air in plastic dryer, is made in plastic dryer in high temperature drying Environment, convenient for plastics are dried, exhaust outlet is used for the normal temperature air that is discharged in plastic dryer;When air-heater is past When carrying out blowing hot gas in plastic dryer, hot gas is toward drifting at the top of plastic dryer in plastic dryer, and cold air is toward plastics Dry motor spindle sinks, and the cold air of sinking is discharged under the increase of hot gas from exhaust outlet, to make have one in plastic dryer Higher temperature promotes plastics drying effect;Hot gas can be entered in material containing case by the air hole on material containing case to material containing case Interior plastics are dried, and plastics carry out undertaking drying by material containing case, and plastics is made to be integrally placed at the height of plastic dryer In warm environment, plastics is enable preferably to be dried.
Preferably, the plastic crushing motor spindle is equipped with clear water reserviors, the plastic breaker side is equipped with water-supply-pipe, institute The storage chamber for being equipped in grinding base and being connected with the water-supply-pipe is stated, the storage chamber bottom is equipped with spray apertures;Water in clear water reserviors It is delivered in the storage chamber in grinding base by water-supply-pipe, is sprayed the water flow in storage chamber by the spray apertures of storage chamber bottom It goes out, when grinding base cooperation mixing roll is crushed waste plastics, clear water is sprayed from spray apertures, makes to generate when plastic crushing The scour without sediment motion that dust is sprayed out is walked, and is prevented dust from diffusing and is generated harm to the health of operator in air, promotes production Safety.
Preferably, the mixing roll is equipped with elastic cushion block, the elastic cushion block is equipped with abrasive sheet, the abrasive sheet It is equipped with multiple first convex blocks;Abrasive sheet is located on elastic cushion block, when mixing roll and grinding base are crushed plastics, bullet Property cushion block be squeezed generation deformation, prevent that plastics are excessive to be entered in secondary crushing device, by mixing roll and grinding base it Between gap blocking, influence the normal work of secondary crushing device.
Preferably, being equipped with connecting bridge at the top of the abrasive sheet, the grinding base bottom surface is equipped with and the first convex block phase Second convex block of cooperation;Connecting bridge is made of elastic material, and certain deformation can occur, and connecting bridge is arranged at the top of abrasive sheet, right Abrasive sheet top seals, and prevents plastics from entering at elastic cushion block, impacts to elastic cushion block, extends elastic cushion block Service life;By the mutual cooperation of the first convex block and the second convex block, the crushing effect of secondary crushing device is promoted, abrasive sheet is made Cooperation between grinding base is more stable, is conducive to carry out quick crashing to plastics.
Preferably, the turnover device for driving material containing case to rotate is equipped in the plastic dryer, on the case lid Equipped with for driving the driving motor of the turnover device;By the setting of turnover device, material containing case is made to load plastics in cabinet Rotation is generated when being inside dried, is overturn the plastics in material containing case by rotating, and avoiding plastics from being deposited at one influences The plastics of bottom are translated into top by overturning, do the plastics in material containing case can preferably by plastics drying effect The drying to plastics can be completed in dry effect within a short period of time, promotes plastics drying efficiency.
Preferably, the turnover device includes the transmission shaft being set in the driving motor output shaft, is set to the biography Bearing block on moving axis, the connecting rod on the bearing block and the scroll wheel set on connecting rod one end, the material containing Case is fixed in the connecting rod;Driving motor work drives transmission shaft rotation, and transmission shaft drives connecting rod during rotation On material containing case rotated, material containing case rotation when generate centrifugal force, make the frosting ponding in material containing case in centrifugal force Under the action of be thrown out of, cooperation case intracorporal hot wind plastics are dried, promote the drying effect of plastics.
Preferably, the plastic dryer inner wall is equipped with the contact plate being in contact with the scroll wheel, the contact The first support base is equipped with below plate, the scroll wheel is equipped with the first engaging tooth, and the contact plate is equipped with and nibbles with described first Close the second engaging tooth that tooth matches;When driving motor driving transmission shaft rotation, transmission shaft drives connecting rod rotation, connecting rod On scroll wheel be in contact by the first engaging tooth with the second engaging tooth on contact plate, make connecting rod in the first engaging tooth and It is overturn under the action of two engaging tooths, the material containing case in connecting rod is driven to be rotated, make material containing case as transmission shaft turns It itself is also flipped in dynamic process, enables the plastics in material containing case more fully with hot air impingement, plastics is avoided to carry It is deposited in influence plastics drying effect at one in hopper, effectively reduces the plastics dry required time;First support base pair Contact plate plays a supportive role, and increases the intensity of contact plate, make contact plate when being in contact with scroll wheel and scroll wheel closely into Row cooperation, extends the service life of contact plate.
Preferably, the feeding device includes first support bar, the fixed link in the first support bar, is set to Nut in the fixed link and the threaded rod set on the driving motor output shaft end;It is used after the completion of plastics are dry The purpose of screw rod transmission is played in cooperation between threaded rod and nut, opens threaded rod when rotating in nut by case lid, from And the plastics after drying are collected convenient for staff, promote plastic processing efficiency;By driving motor output shaft end Power re-uses, and inputs as the power of feeding device, so that the power of driving motor is maximized the use, avoid separately Driving motor is installed and increases equipment cost, keeps device structure more simple;Support rod plays a supportive role to fixed link and nut, makes Nut can be stably fixed to be cooperated above cabinet with threaded rod, promote the reliability that feeding device uses.
Preferably, the first support bar is equipped with installation cavity, cylinder, the installation cavity are equipped at the top of the installation cavity Bottom is equipped with support spring, and described fixed link one end is arranged in the installation cavity;When plastics are dried in cabinet When, cylinder does not work, and nut is not contacted with threaded rod, and threaded rod dallies with driving motor, avoids material containing case in cabinet It is interior to be removed cabinet when plastics are dried, influence the drying efficiency of plastics;After the completion of the intracorporal plastics of case are dry, Cylinder operation pushes piston rod to move down, and piston rod pushes fixed link to move down, so that nut be made to move a spacing down From making nut contact with each other with threaded rod, threaded rod is transferred in nut under the action of driving motor, in threaded rod and nut Material containing case is risen from into cabinet under cooperation, takes out the plastics after drying out of cabinet convenient for staff.
The present invention has the following advantages that:The recovery processing of waste plastics is made into a system, make waste plastics substep carry out by Grade processing, promotes the recovery efficiency of waste plastics, can effectively be recycled to waste plastics, is conducive to environmental protection;It is broken in plastics Dust when broken is charged plastic crushing motor spindle under the action of water flow sprays, avoid dust it is excessive diffuse it is right in air Worker causes damages, and reduces the possibility of dust explosion.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is flow diagram of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of plastic breaker of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is enlarged drawing at the A in Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of plastic dryer of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the cooperation schematic diagram of transmission shaft and second support bar in plastic dryer of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the bottom view of second support bar in plastic dryer of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
In order to make those skilled in the art better understand the present invention program, below in conjunction in the embodiment of the present invention Attached drawing, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is only A part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, ordinary skill people The model that the present invention protects all should belong in member's every other embodiment obtained without making creative work It encloses.
As shown in figures 1 to 6, a kind of waste plastic recovery and processing system, including plastic breaker 1, plastic dryer 6, plastics Plasticator and injection molding machine, waste plastic are introduced into plastic breaker 1 after being collected arrangement and carry out broken place to waste plastics Reason, then broken plastics are put into plastic dryer 6, plastics are dried, the plastics after drying are put into modeling Expect to carry out plastics processing in Plasticator, the plastics under molten condition are molded again finally by injection molding machine, makes discarded modeling Material can be recycled, and be conducive to environmental protection, waste plastic is avoided to pollute the environment;By mutual between each equipment Cooperation carries out plastics recovery processing sequentially, and waste plastic can carry out complete processing in each equipment, promotes waste plastic and returns It produces effects rate.
Preliminary crushing device and secondary crushing device are equipped in the plastic breaker 1, the preliminary damaged device is set to Above the secondary crushing device, the preliminary crushing device includes the splicing seat 21 in the plastic breaker 1 and sets Milling roller 22 in the plastic breaker 1;The secondary crushing device includes being set in the plastic breaker to carry out The grinding base 32 of spray and the mixing roll 31 matched with the grinding base 32;Plastics enter after plastic breaker 1 by connecing Expect that the mutual cooperation of seat 21 and milling roller 22 carries out preliminary break process to plastics, will go into the bulk in plastic breaker 1 Plastics are crushed, and so that the plastics of bulk is fractured into the plastics of fritter after entering plastic breaker 1, after being fractured into fritter Plastics fall in secondary crushing device, by the mutual cooperation of grinding base 32 and mixing roll 31, to being fractured into fritter Plastics carry out break process again, convenient for the little particle by plastic crushing at needs, promote plastic crushing effect;In mixing roll 31 When being crushed with the mutual cooperation of grinding base 32 to plastics, grinding base 32 carries out spray process to plastics, passes through grinding base 32 Work is sprayed, and the dust generated when by shredded plastic washes away, dust taken away by water flow, prevent dust from spreading in air In, it causes damages to the health of operator, promotes the safety of production.
32 side of grinding base is fixedly connected on 1 inner wall of plastic breaker, and the other side forms truncated cone-shaped in plastic breaker 1 Cavity, it is corresponding that mixing roll 31 and grinding base 32 are formed by truncated cone-shaped cavity, stays after mixing roll 31 and the assembly of grinding base 32 There is certain interval, and the gap on grinding base 32 and 31 top of mixing roll is greater than the gap of lower part, makes plastics by secondary crushing device It can be preferably crushed when processing;The mixing roll 31 is equipped with elastic cushion block 312, and the elastic cushion block 312 is using elasticity Material is made, and silica gel can be used or rubber is made, and the elastic cushion block 312 is described by being adhesively fixed on 31 surface of mixing roll Elastic cushion block 312 is equipped with abrasive sheet 311, and by being adhesively fixed on elastic cushion block 312, abrasive sheet 311 wraps up abrasive sheet 311 Firmly elastic cushion block 312, elastic cushion block 312 are set between abrasive sheet 311 and mixing roll 31;Abrasive sheet 311 is located at elastic cushion block On 312, when mixing roll 31 is crushed plastics with grinding base 32, elastic cushion block 312 is squeezed generation deformation, prevents from moulding Material is excessive to be entered in secondary crushing device, and the gap between mixing roll 31 and grinding base 32 is blocked, second-time breakage is influenced The normal work of device;The abrasive sheet 311 is equipped with multiple first convex blocks 314, is equipped with connecting bridge at the top of the abrasive sheet 311 313, the connecting bridge 313 is domes, and 313 edge of connecting bridge is connected with abrasive sheet 311, and 311 top of abrasive sheet is wrapped It wraps, connecting bridge 313 uses resilient material, has certain deformability, when plastics are fallen in mixing roll 31 and grinding base When gap between 32, prevents plastics from falling on elastic cushion block 312, elastic cushion block 312 is impacted, connecting bridge is passed through 313 arch design promotes the enabling capabilities of connecting bridge 313, can effectively play the role of blocking plastics, increase elastic cushion The service life of block 312;32 bottom surface of grinding base is equipped with the second convex block 322 matched with first convex block 314;Pass through The mutual cooperation of the first convex block 314 and the second convex block 322 on grinding base 32 on mixing roll 31, promotes secondary crushing device Crushing effect enables plastics to be more effectively fractured into graininess.
1 bottom of plastic breaker is equipped with clear water reserviors 15, and 1 side of plastic breaker is equipped with water-supply-pipe 4, water-supply-pipe 4 are equipped with water pump 41, are used to help 4 water delivery of water-supply-pipe effect;The storage being connected with the water-supply-pipe 4 is equipped in the grinding base 32 Water cavity 321,321 bottom of storage chamber are equipped with spray apertures 323, and 321 bottom surface of storage chamber is 32 bottom surface of grinding base, spray Hole 323 is set between two adjacent second convex blocks 322;4 lower end of water-supply-pipe is arranged in plastic breaker 1 and 15 phase of clear water reserviors Logical, upper end is arranged in grinding base 32 to be wanted to pass through with storage chamber 321;When secondary crushing device is crushed plastics, water pump 41 start to work, and water pump 41 helps water-supply-pipe 4 to carry out water delivery operation, and water-supply-pipe 4 will be in clear water reserviors 15 under effect in water pump Water flow is transported in storage chamber 321, and water flow accumulates in storage chamber 321 is sprayed by the spray apertures 323 of 321 bottom of storage chamber Leaching carries out spray process to the plastics in break process, the dust that plastic crushing generates is washed away with clear water, prevents dust Multipair operator's health is crossed to impact;Spray apertures 323 are set between two adjacent second convex blocks 322 simultaneously, prevent from grinding It is blocked when grinding roller 31 is crushed plastics with grinding base 32 by plastics, the plastics being blocked on 322 gap of the second convex block is rushed Brush goes down, and enables devices to operate normally.
The splicing seat 21 is set to 32 top of grinding base, and the splicing seat 21 is obliquely installed, the plastic breaker 1 Top is equipped with feed inlet 11, and the feed inlet 11 is set to 21 top of splicing seat;The feed inlet 11 is set as two, sets respectively In the 1 top left and right sides of plastic breaker, feed inlet 11 is set as infundibulate, can preferably be put into plastic crushing convenient for plastics It in machine, is fallen on splicing seat 21 by the plastics that feed inlet 11 enters in plastic breaker 1, the inclination of 21 upper surface of splicing seat is set It sets, lower surface is in contact with 32 upper surface of grinding base, and 21 side of splicing seat is fixed on 1 inner wall of plastic breaker, and the other side exists Through-hole is formed in plastic breaker 1, when plastics are fallen on splicing seat 21, plastics are rolled along the inclined-plane of 21 upper surface of splicing seat It falls, buffer-oriented is served to plastics, cut the gravitional force of the plastics fallen in plastic breaker 1, plastics are imported two Break process is carried out to plastics in secondary crushing device.
The milling roller 22 is set to 21 top of splicing seat, and the milling roller 22 is equipped with multiple raised lines 23, milling roller 22 are set to 21 middle part of splicing seat close to through hole, and there are certain interval between milling roller 22 and splicing seat 21,23 section of raised line is Semicircle is evenly distributed on milling roller 22, and when plastics are fallen on splicing plate 21, milling roller 22 is started turning, plastics edge Inclined-plane on splicing plate 21 tumble down, be rolled roller 22 and blocked, milling roller 22 passes through raised line 23 in the course of rotation Plastics are pushed, pass through plastics in the gap between milling roller 22 and splicing plate 21, the plastics of bulk are carried out just The break process of step is allowed to be fractured into fritter plastics convenient for being crushed by secondary crushing device.
First connecting rod 12 is equipped in the plastic breaker 1, the first connecting rod 12 is equipped with receiving block 121, institute Receiving block 121 is stated equipped with driving motor 33, the output shaft of the driving motor 33 is connected with the mixing roll 31, driving electricity Machine 33 is set to 31 lower section of mixing roll, shields to driving motor, prevents broken plastics from falling down hit driving electricity The service life of the influence driving motor 33 of machine 33;Setting first connecting rod 12 is that receiving block 121 provides support force, first connecting rod 12 yuan of tubulars avoid the first connecting rod 12 when plastics fall from playing barrier effect to plastics, fall on first connecting rod 12 Plastics continue to fall along 12 surface of first connecting rod;Receiving block 121 is that driving motor 33 and mixing roll 31 provide support force, First connecting rod 12 is settable a plurality of, increases the support effect to receiving block 121, and lifting means reliability extends equipment and uses Service life;Driving motor 33 is that mixing roll 31 provides power, so that mixing roll 31 is cooperated with grinding base 32 and completes to plastics Broken work.
Splicing plate 5 is equipped with below the mixing roll 31, the splicing plate 5 is obliquely installed, and the splicing plate 5 is equipped with infiltration Hole 51, splicing plate 5 by the unified collection of the plastics being crushed on splicing plate 5, are fallen in splicing for accepting the plastics being crushed Plastic crushing object on plate 5 is tumbled along the inclined-plane that splicing plate 5 is obliquely installed to inclined-plane bottom surface, convenient for by the object on splicing plate 5 Material is discharged;Water seepage hole 51 is used to filter out in the water that spray is fallen, and the water flow fallen on splicing plate 5 is made to pass through water seepage hole 51 fall in the clear water reserviors 15 of 1 bottom of plastic breaker, and the load-bearing that ponding excessively increases splicing plate 5 on splicing plate 5 is avoided to bear Load;By the mutual cooperation of water seepage hole 51 and clear water reserviors 15, water flow is recycled, avoids a large amount of wastes of water, Meet environmental protection concept;Described 5 one end of splicing plate is flexibly connected with the plastic breaker 1, and the flexible connection can be hinged, institute 1 inner wall of plastic breaker is stated equipped with chamber 18, the chamber 18 is interior to be equipped with vibration spring 181,5 other end of splicing plate and institute It states vibration spring 181 to connect, vibration 181 bottom end of spring is fixedly connected with chamber 18, and one end of top and splicing plate 5 is fixed to be connected It connects, when plastics are fallen on splicing plate 5, since plastics fall the gravitional force of generation, splicing plate 5 is made to push vibration spring 181, vibration spring 181 is sprung back under the action of elastic force, so that splicing plate 5 is generated vibrating effect, splicing plate 5 is in vibration spring 181 Under the action of around be flexibly connected point generate vibration, help splicing plate 5 on material shake off inclined-plane, convenient for shaking loose material, make Water flow can preferably pass through water seepage hole 51 by the gap between material and fall, and water flow is avoided to accumulate on splicing plate 5.
1 side of plastic breaker is additionally provided with dodge gate 16, and the dodge gate 16 is set to the inclined-plane bottom that splicing plate 5 is formed End, 16 one end of dodge gate and plastic breaker 1 are side walls hinged, the tie point weight of hinge joint and splicing plate 5 and plastic breaker 1 Close, interaction 16 tops be equipped with the first electromagnet 161, plastic breaker 1 is equipped with and matches with first electromagnet 161 Second electromagnet 17;When plastic crushing after treatment, the first electromagnet 161 and the power-off of the second electromagnet 17 lose electromagnet Magnetism is gone, dodge gate 16 loses magneticaction and disconnects with plastic breaker 1, and dodge gate 16 is overturn around hinge joint, Inclined-plane, the surface slope and 5 surface slope of splicing plate that dodge gate 16 and bottom surface are formed are formed with the ground of 1 side of plastic breaker Identical, the plastics being broken are tumbled down by the effect on inclined-plane, and plastics are discharged in the plastics being crushed by dodge gate 16 In crusher 1, convenient for handling the plastics recovery being crushed.
1 side of plastic breaker is equipped with equipment cavity 13, is equipped with vibration motor 14, the vibration in the equipment cavity 13 14 output shaft of motor is equipped with cam 141;The vibrating motor 14 and driving motor 33 are that can normally buy on the market The waterproof machine arrived;Vibration motor 14 is arranged in equipment cavity 13, shields to vibration motor 14, prevents vibration motor The 14 long-term exposed service lifes for influencing vibration motor 14 outside;When vibration motor 14 works, driving cam 141 is rotated, cam 141 in rotation its flange discontinuity and splicing plate 5 contact, splicing plate 5 generates vibration under the action of shaking spring 181, It shakes 5 one end of splicing plate around point is flexibly connected, prevents plastics powder from blocking water seepage hole 51, it will be stifled in water seepage hole 51 Plug thing is shaken off, and is preferably fallen from water seepage hole 51 convenient for water flow;When dodge gate 16 open docking flitch 5 on plastic crushing object into When row excretion, vibration motor 14 works on, and by the cooperation of cam 141 and vibration spring 181, splicing plate 5 is made to occur to continue Shake, the plastics on splicing plate are shaken off, enable plastics preferably along splicing plate 5 formed inclined-plane rolled Wheel, convenient for plastics are discharged in plastic breaker 1.
It is equipped with material containing case 7121 in the plastic dryer 6, is equipped with feeding device, feeding at the top of the plastic dryer 6 For device for taking out the plastics after drying out of plastic dryer 6,7121 side wall of material containing case is equipped with dodge gate, passes through activity Plastics can be put into material containing case 7121 by door, and material containing case 7121 is made to carry out carrying effect to plastics;6 side of plastic dryer Equipped with air-heater 63, exhaust outlet 64 is equipped with below the air-heater 63, plastics, which enter in plastic dryer 6, is dried plastics When effect, air-heater 63 is to provide hot-air in plastic dryer 6, makes the environment that high temperature drying is in plastic dryer 6, just It is dried in plastics, exhaust outlet 64 is used for the normal temperature air being discharged in plastic dryer 6;When air-heater 63 is toward plastics When carrying out blowing hot gas in drying machine 6, for hot gas toward drifting at the top of plastic dryer 6 in plastic dryer 6, cold air is dry toward plastics Dry 6 bottom of machine sinks, and the cold air of sinking is discharged under the increase of hot gas from exhaust outlet 64, to make have one in plastic dryer 6 A higher temperature promotes plastics drying effect;Case lid 62 is equipped at the top of the plastic dryer 6, in the plastic dryer 6 Equipped with the turnover device for driving material containing case 7121 to rotate, the case lid 62 is equipped with the step for driving the turnover device Into motor 7, stepper motor 7 is fixed on case lid 62, and 7121 side wall of material containing case is equipped with air hole 71211;Hot gas can lead to Air hole 71211 on overload hopper 7121, which enters in material containing case 7121, is dried place to the plastics in material containing case 7121 Reason, plastics carry out undertaking drying by material containing case 7121, are integrally placed at plastics in the hot environment of plastic dryer 6, make to mould Material can be dried preferably;By the setting of turnover device, so that material containing case 7121 is loaded plastics and carried out in plastic dryer 6 Rotation is generated when dry, is overturn the plastics in material containing case 7121 by rotating, and avoiding plastics from being deposited at one influences modeling Expect drying effect, the plastics of bottom is translated by top by overturning, making the plastics in material containing case 7121 can obtain preferably The drying to plastics can be completed in drying effect within a short period of time, promotes plastics drying efficiency.
The turnover device includes the transmission shaft 71 being set on 7 output shaft of stepper motor, is set to the transmission shaft 71 On bearing block 711, the second connecting rod 712 on the bearing block 711 and set on described second connecting rod, 712 one end Scroll wheel 7122, bearing block 711 are equipped with bearing, and the second connecting rod 712 is connected by bearing with bearing block 711;The material containing Case 7121 is fixed in second connecting rod 712, and 6 inner wall of plastic dryer is equipped with to connect with the scroll wheel 7122 The contact plate 67 of touching is equipped with the first support base 68 below the contact plate 67, and the first support base 68 is triangular structure, utilizes three Angular stability principle increases the support effect of the first support base 68;The scroll wheel 7122 is equipped with the first engaging tooth, described Contact plate 67 is equipped with the second engaging tooth matched with first engaging tooth.
When plastics are placed on and are put into plastic dryer in material containing case 7121 and are dried, air-heater 63 goes into operation work, makes The hot gas of certain temperature is generated in plastic dryer 6,7 task driven transmission shaft 71 of stepper motor is rotated, and 71 turns of transmission shaft It is dynamic that the material containing case 7121 in the second connecting rod 712 is driven to be rotated around transmission shaft 71, process of the material containing case 7121 in rotation Middle generation centrifugal effect, the moisture of frosting is thrown away, and is made plastics under the action of air-heater 63 and centrifugal force while being carried out It is dry, promote plastics drying effect;Second connecting rod 712 rotation when drive scroll wheel 7122 rotate, scroll wheel 7122 with connect Touch panel 67 is in contact, and by cooperating between the first engaging tooth and the second engaging tooth, scroll wheel 7122 is made to connect with contact plate 67 Itself rotates when touching, thus drive the second connecting rod 712 on material containing case 7121 overturn, make material containing case 7121 around Transmission shaft 71 rotate during generate overturning, the plastics in material containing case 7121 are stirred by overturning, make bottom Plastics are stirred to top, are avoided plastics from being packed together a part of plastics and are unable to get good drying process, plastics are in material containing Case 7121 is preferably in contact with hot wind during turning over, and reduces the dry required time of plastics, improves the dry effect of plastics Rate.
6 two sidewalls of plastic dryer are respectively equipped with mounting plate 65, and 65 bottom of mounting plate is equipped with the second support base 66, the feeding device is set on the mounting plate 65;Second support base 66 is set as triangular structure, has using triangle steady Qualitative principle increases the support effect of the second support base 66;Mounting plate 65, will by mounting plate 65 for installing feeding device Feeding device is set to 6 top of plastic dryer, realizes the function of automatic material taking, convenient for dry from plastics after the completion of plastics are dry The plastics after drying are taken out in machine 6, increase plastic processing efficiency;Second support base 66 plays a supportive role to mounting plate 65, makes Mounting plate 65 can preferably play a supportive role to feeding device, and feeding device is enable more smoothly to work.
The feeding device includes being set to the first support bar 8 on the mounting plate 65, being set in the first support bar 8 Fixed link 91, the nut 9 in the fixed link 91 and set on the stepper motor 7 output shaft end threaded rod 62, The first support bar 8 is equipped with installation cavity 81, is equipped with cylinder 811 at the top of the installation cavity 81,81 bottom of installation cavity is set There is support spring 812, described 91 one end of fixed link is arranged in the installation cavity 81;812 bottom of support spring is fixed on installation 81 bottom of chamber, top are fixed on 91 bottom of fixed link, and 91 both ends of fixed link can carry out the upper and lower of certain distance in installation cavity 81 Mobile, the piston rod of cylinder 811 and 91 top surface of fixed link are connected;Nut 9 is not in contact in normal state with threaded rod 62, when When material containing case 7121 is dried plastics in plastic dryer 6, threaded rod 62 dallies, and plastics is avoided to be done It is risen from out of plastic dryer 6 when dry, influences plastics drying effect;After the completion of plastics are dry, stepper motor 7 stops working, Cylinder 811 is started to work, and cylinder 811 pushes piston rod to move down, and piston rod pushes fixed link 91 to move down, fixed link 91 Both ends drive the nut 9 in fixed link 91 to move down when moving down, and nut 9 is made to drop to the position that is in contact with threaded rod 41 It sets, support spring 812 is compressed;Stepper motor 7 is opened at this time, stepper motor 7 is made to start to work, and stepper motor 7 drives screw thread Bar 62 is rotated, and threaded rod 62 is rotated into nut 9 by being threadedly engaged between nut 9 during rotation, at this time spiral shell Rasp bar 62 continues to rotate, and moves the continuation of threaded rod 62 up by being threadedly engaged between nut 9, drives stepper motor 7 It is up moved with case lid 62, so that material containing case 7121 is risen from 6 outside of plastic dryer, convenient for the plastics in material containing case 7121 It is collected processing;After plastics take out of material containing case 7121, stepper motor 7 invert, make threaded rod 62 by with nut 9 it Between cooperation declined, case lid 62 is reinstalled back on plastic dryer 6, cylinder 811 withdraws piston rod, fixed link 91 Toward certain distance is raised under the collective effect of 812 elastic force of fixed spring and cylinder 811, disconnect nut 9 and threaded rod 62 Connection, makes feeding device be in off position.
The case lid 62 is equipped with reinforcing bar 621, and the reinforcing bar 621 is respectively arranged on 7 two sides of stepper motor, described Fixed jaw 6211 is equipped at the top of reinforcing bar 621;Reinforcing bar 621 is used for the connection effect reinforced between stepper motor 7 and case lid 62, Fixed jaw 6211 plays position-limiting action to stepper motor 7, enables stepper motor 7 is stable to be mounted on case lid 62, works as threaded rod 62 out of plastic dryer 6 when taking out material containing case 7121 with the mutual cooperation of nut 9, and fixed link 91 and fixed jaw 6211 are reinforced pair The fixed function of motor makes motor that case lid 62 and material containing case 7121 be driven to rise from plastic dryer, convenient for the plastics after drying It is collected.
6 bottom of plastic dryer is equipped with second support bar 69, is equipped with match wheel at the top of the second support bar 69 691,71 bottom surface of transmission shaft is equipped with the groove 763 matched with the match wheel 691;Match wheel 691 can carry out freely turning It is dynamic, the design of 691 the smooth of the edge of match wheel;Second support bar 69 plays a supportive role to transmission shaft 71, and transmission shaft 71 is avoided to drive Stress is excessive when material containing case 7121 is rotated damages, and extends the service life of transmission shaft 71;By match wheel 691 with it is recessed The cooperation of slot 763 plays position-limiting action to transmission shaft 71, and transmission shaft 71 is made to pass through second support bar when being packed into plastic dryer 6 69 determine position, avoid the transmission shaft 71 from generating deviation effects plastics drying effect during installation;Pass through match wheel 691 and groove 763 are cooperated, and the match wheel in rotation of transmission shaft 71 is made to make second support bar 69 in not shadow as transmission shaft 71 rotates together It rings under the premise of transmission shaft 71 rotates and plays a supportive role to transmission shaft 71, promote the practicability of second support bar 69.
Thermal insulation layer 61 is equipped in 6 side wall of plastic dryer, thermal insulation layer 61 is made of heat resistant material, and rubber can be used Material is made, and increases the heat insulation of thermal insulation layer 61, so that thermal insulation layer 61 is played insulation effect to plastic dryer 6, make to mould Temperature in material dryer 6 maintains certain value always, and avoiding the temperature in plastic dryer 6 from distributing influences the dry effect of plastics Fruit reduces the dry required time of plastics, promotes plastics drying efficiency.
The exhaust outlet 64 is duckbilled mouth structure;Extraneous air is avoided to enter plastics by the setting of duck bill hole dry Influence dried on plastics in machine 6, exhaust outlet 64 gas in plastic dryer 6 can be discharged and prevent outside air into Enter, plastic dryer 6 and extraneous air pressure is made be in stable state, avoids in plastic dryer 6 air pressure excessive and cause safely Accident promotes the safety of plastic dryer.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, but scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto, Anyone skilled in the art in the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, according to the technique and scheme of the present invention and its Inventive concept is subject to equivalent substitution or change, should be covered by the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of waste plastic recovery and processing system, including plastic breaker(1), plastic dryer(6), plastics Plasticator and note Molding machine, the plastic breaker(1)Interior to be equipped with preliminary crushing device and secondary crushing device, the preliminary damaged device is set to institute It states above secondary crushing device, the plastic dryer(6)Side is equipped with air-heater(63), the air-heater(63)Lower section is equipped with Exhaust outlet(64), the plastic dryer(6)Top is equipped with case lid(62), the case lid(62)It is equipped with feeding device, it is described Plastic dryer(6)Inside it is additionally provided with material containing case(7121), the material containing case(7121)Side wall is equipped with air hole(71211), It is characterized in that:The secondary crushing device includes being set to the plastic breaker(1)The interior grinding base sprayed(32)With With the grinding base(32)The mixing roll matched(31).
2. a kind of waste plastic recovery and processing system described in accordance with the claim 1, it is characterised in that:The plastic breaker (1)Bottom is equipped with clear water reserviors(15), the plastic breaker(1)Side is equipped with water-supply-pipe(4), the grinding base(32)Inside it is equipped with With the water-supply-pipe(4)Connected storage chamber(321), the storage chamber(321)Bottom is equipped with spray apertures(323).
3. a kind of waste plastic recovery and processing system described in accordance with the claim 1, it is characterised in that:The mixing roll(31)On Equipped with elastic cushion block(312), the elastic cushion block(312)It is equipped with abrasive sheet(311), the abrasive sheet(311)It is equipped with more A first convex block(314).
4. a kind of waste plastic recovery and processing system described in accordance with the claim 3, it is characterised in that:The abrasive sheet(311) Top is equipped with connecting bridge(313), the grinding base(32)Bottom surface is equipped with and first convex block(314)The second convex block matched (322).
5. a kind of waste plastic recovery and processing system described in accordance with the claim 1, it is characterised in that:The plastic dryer (6)It is interior to be equipped with for driving material containing case(7121)The turnover device of rotation, the case lid(62)It is equipped with for driving described turn over The driving motor of rotary device(7).
6. a kind of waste plastic recovery and processing system according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The turnover device includes Set on the driving motor(7)Transmission shaft on output shaft(71), be set to the transmission shaft(71)On bearing block(711), set In the bearing block(711)On connecting rod(712)And it is set to the connecting rod(712)The scroll wheel of one end(7122), described Material containing case(7121)It is fixed in the connecting rod(712)On.
7. a kind of waste plastic recovery and processing system according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The plastic dryer (6)Inner wall is equipped with and the scroll wheel(7122)The contact plate being in contact(67), the contact plate(67)Lower section is equipped with first Support base(68), the scroll wheel(7122)It is equipped with the first engaging tooth, the contact plate(67)It is equipped with and is nibbled with described first Close the second engaging tooth that tooth matches.
8. a kind of waste plastic recovery and processing system according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The feeding device includes First support bar(8), be set to the first support bar(8)On fixed link(91), be set to the fixed link(91)On nut (9)And it is set to the driving motor(7)Export the threaded rod of shaft end(72).
9. a kind of waste plastic recovery and processing system according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:The first support bar (8)It is equipped with installation cavity(81), the installation cavity(81)Top is equipped with cylinder(811), the installation cavity(81)Bottom is equipped with branch Support spring(812), the fixed link(91)One end is arranged in the installation cavity(81)It is interior.
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CN117774174A (en) * 2022-03-17 2024-03-29 庄耀进 Preparation method of fully-degradable modified plastic
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Patentee before: Zhu Xiaoping