CN108861552A - The automobile manufacture feeding device that is welded - Google Patents

The automobile manufacture feeding device that is welded Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108861552A
CN108861552A CN201810796634.0A CN201810796634A CN108861552A CN 108861552 A CN108861552 A CN 108861552A CN 201810796634 A CN201810796634 A CN 201810796634A CN 108861552 A CN108861552 A CN 108861552A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
clamping jaw
workpiece
plate
rod
conveying
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201810796634.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN108861552B (en
Inventor
王尧杰
吕玉萍
修淑英
宋教华
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Weimar Automobile Technology Group Co.,Ltd.
Original Assignee
Yantai Engineering and Technology College
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Yantai Engineering and Technology College filed Critical Yantai Engineering and Technology College
Priority to CN201810796634.0A priority Critical patent/CN108861552B/en
Publication of CN108861552A publication Critical patent/CN108861552A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108861552B publication Critical patent/CN108861552B/en
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Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/90Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials
    • B65G47/901Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials provided with drive systems with rectilinear movements only
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of automobile manufacture feeding devices that is welded, including rack, guide rail and the conveying device below the guide rail are installed in the rack, the workpiece centralising device being additionally provided in the rack above the conveying device, workpiece centralising device can carry out centering to the workpiece in conveying device, so that workpiece is located at the middle line of conveying device, workpiece gripper device can automatically grab the workpiece in conveying device, and welding post is moved to along guide rail, the automatic release for carrying out workpiece, workpiece centralising device carry out to it is middle when, driving device drives control ring to rotate counterclockwise, so that multi-directional ball removes, workpiece is supported by multi-directional ball, position movement is more convenient, efficiently.

Description

The automobile manufacture feeding device that is welded
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of pattern welding equipment field of automobile manufacture more particularly to a kind of feeding devices.
Background technique
In the prior art, weld job is largely used in auto manufacturing, the feeding speed of components determines entire weldering The operating speed for filling assembly line, the prior art mainly adopts the feeding that the mode of crawl realizes components, unstable there are material grasping Problem, and upper discharge position is easy to appear deviation, haves the shortcomings that feeding location consistency is poor, and this will lead to welding position race Partially, serious will lead to is stopped line and is reprocessed.
Summary of the invention
Above insufficient the present invention provides a kind of feeding precision height in order to make up, material grasping is reliable and stable, and loading efficiency is high Automobile manufacture welding feeding device.
The technical scheme is that:The automobile manufacture feeding device that is welded, including rack are equipped in the rack and lead Rail and the conveying device below the guide rail, the workpiece centering being additionally provided in the rack above the conveying device Device, workpiece gripper device is movably installed on the guide rail, and the workpiece gripper device includes being movably arranged on the guide rail On sliding seat, the lower end of the sliding seat is fixedly installed with mounting plate, and the mounting plate is adjacent to the upstream of the guide rail One end is hinged with the first clamping jaw, and the torsional spring for keeping the first clamping jaw vertical, institute are equipped between first clamping jaw and the mounting plate The upper end for stating the first clamping jaw is fixedly installed with clamping jaw swing rod above mounting plate, is additionally provided on the mounting plate positioned at same Two the first guide grooves and two the second guide grooves in plane, first guide groove are described adjacent to first clamping jaw The first cylindrical slider is movably installed in first guide groove respectively, is movably installed with the second circle in second guide groove respectively Cylindrical slide, the one end in downstream of second guide groove adjacent to the guide rail, which is equipped with, supplies second cylindrical slider from institute The guiding channel opening of the second guide groove removal is stated, first cylindrical slider is fixedly mounted on the two of the upper end of the second clamping jaw Side, second cylindrical slider are fixedly mounted on the two sides of the second clamping jaw and are located under first cylindrical slider It is square, the baffle for protruding from the upper surface of the mounting plate, the upper surface of the mounting plate are fixedly installed on second clamping jaw It is movably installed with pushing plate, the pushing plate is between the clamping jaw swing rod and the baffle, the lower surface of the mounting plate It is additionally provided with and corresponding first cylinder of first clamping jaw and the second cylinder corresponding with second clamping jaw, first cylinder Piston rod the first pushing plate for acting on first clamping jaw is installed, the piston rod of second cylinder, which is equipped with, to be acted on Second pushing plate of the second clamping jaw is equipped with lifting device between the sliding seat and the mounting plate.
The conveying device includes conveying roller as a preferred technical solution, and the conveying roller includes roller shell and roll shaft, The roll shaft is fixedly mounted in the rack, and the outer peripheral surface of the roller shell is equipped with multiple peripheries for protruding from the roller shell The inner cavity of the circular casing in face, the inner cavity of the circular casing and the roller shell is connected as a single entity, the axis of the circular casing and The axis of the roller shell is overlapped, be cased with outside the roll shaft it is multiple be located at the intracorporal mounting ring of roller shell, the mounting ring and described Roller shell is fixedly connected, and is equipped between the mounting ring and the roll shaft so that mounting ring can only be rotated clockwise relative to roll shaft One-way clutch, be hinged with multiple oscillating rods in the mounting ring, the swinging end of the oscillating rod is equipped with multi-directional ball, described It is also rotatably equipped with control ring in mounting ring, connecting rod is fixedly installed in the control ring, the connecting rod is hinged on the swing On bar, the rack is equipped with driving device, and control ring clutch is equipped between the driving device and the control ring, described Multi-directional ball is located in the circular casing, and the outer peripheral surface of the circular casing is equipped with the opening removed for the multi-directional ball, the installation It is additionally provided with the limit plate of limitation oscillating rod deflection angle on ring, is equipped between the oscillating rod and the mounting ring so that oscillating rod The tension spring that is deflected to the mounting ring of swinging end, be movably installed with workpiece gripper device on the guide rail, the control ring and Freewheel clutch is equipped between the mounting ring.
It is equipped between second clamping jaw and the mounting plate as a preferred technical solution, so that the second clamping jaw is towards institute State the second clamping jaw tension spring of the first clamping jaw swing.
The lifting device includes the lifting driving gas being fixedly mounted on the movable seat as a preferred technical solution, Cylinder, described go up and down are fixedly installed with connecting plate on the piston rod for driving cylinder, and the lower end of the connecting plate is fixedly installed with installation Plate guide pad, the mounting plate are equipped with laterally steering slot, and the mounting plate guide pad is movably arranged on the laterally steering slot It is interior, support spring is respectively equipped between the mounting plate guide pad 29 and the both ends of the laterally steering slot.
First clamping jaw and second clamping jaw include multiple claw bars, the claw bar as a preferred technical solution, Lower end be equipped with support in the support rod of workpiece lower surface, the support rod and the claw bar be located at the adjacent circular casing it Between, the support rod is from the groove portion support between the adjacent circular casing in the lower surface of the workpiece.
The workpiece centralising device includes the two centering push plates positioned at workpiece two sides, two institutes as a preferred technical solution, It states centering push plate to be symmetrical arranged by line of symmetry of the middle line of conveying device, the line between the centering push plate is located at the conveying The center of roller, is separately installed with cylinder between the centering push plate and the rack, the model of the cylinder is identical, running parameter It is identical.
By adopting the above-described technical solution, workpiece centralising device can carry out centering to the workpiece in conveying device, make The middle line that workpiece is located at conveying device is obtained, workpiece gripper device can automatically grab the workpiece in conveying device, and edge Guide rail move to welding post, the automatic release for carrying out workpiece, workpiece centralising device carry out to it is middle when, driving device drives Control ring rotates counterclockwise, so that multi-directional ball is removed from opening, the freewheel clutch between control ring and the mounting ring, So that rotating counterclockwise for control ring directly will not drive mounting ring to move, but the connecting rod due to being fixedly mounted in control ring will be with The counterclockwise movement of control ring and counterclockwise swing, connecting rod is hinged on oscillating rod, and the counter-clockwise swing of connecting rod will make Oscillating rod counter-clockwise swing, the counter-clockwise swing of oscillating rod will generate so that the power that mounting ring rotates counterclockwise, but due to The setting of one-way clutch between mounting ring and roll shaft, mounting ring will not be rotated relative to roll shaft, due to mounting ring and roller shell Body is fixedly connected, and roller shell will not rotate, and since multi-directional ball has stretched out opening, multi-directional ball can be supported on workpiece, The movement of workpiece is greatly facilitated, so as to effectively improve the centering efficiency of workpiece, control ring clutch knot after the completion of centering Closing driving device drives control ring to rotate clockwise, and the freewheel clutch between control ring and mounting ring makes the up time of control ring Needle rotation will will drive mounting ring and also rotate clockwise, simultaneously mounting ring upper connecting rod also can clockwise oscillation, and it is described It is equipped between oscillating rod and the mounting ring so that the tension spring that the swinging end of oscillating rod is deflected to the mounting ring, tension spring will make The swinging end for obtaining oscillating rod is deflected to mounting ring, and such multi-directional ball just returns in roller shell from opening, in this way in driving device Drive lower workpiece that will move along conveying device, when workpiece is moved to workpiece grabbing station, the lifting of workpiece gripper device is filled It sets and mounting plate is driven to move down, when the lower end of the first clamping jaw touches workpiece, the first clamping jaw deflects, clamping jaw swing rod pendulum Dynamic, the swing of clamping jaw swing rod drives pushing plate mobile, and pushing plate drives the second clamping jaw mobile by baffle, the movement of the second clamping jaw So that the second cylindrical slider is removed from the guide groove opening of the second guide groove, since the first cylindrical slider is still located on the In one guide groove, under the action of the second clamping jaw tension spring, the second clamping jaw will be rotated around the first cylindrical slider, the second clamping jaw It acts on workpiece, such workpiece gripper device realizes the crawl to workpiece, when the first pushing plate pushes the first clamping jaw outside Deflection, when the second pushing plate pushes the second clamping jaw to be deflected outward, workpiece is no longer firmly grasped by workpiece gripper device, and workpiece is able to achieve Automatic release.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to more clearly explain the embodiment of the invention or the technical proposal in the existing technology, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technical description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only this Some embodiments of invention without any creative labor, may be used also for those of ordinary skill in the art To obtain other drawings based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of workpiece gripper device in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the seized condition schematic diagram of workpiece gripper device in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the top view of conveying device in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the axis direction cross-sectional view of conveying roller in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the diametrical direction cross-sectional view of conveying roller in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the status diagram that multi-directional ball removes opening in Fig. 5.
Specific embodiment
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the automobile manufacture feeding device that is welded, including rack are equipped with guide rail 1 in the rack With the conveying device being located at below the guide rail, the workpiece centering dress being additionally provided in the rack above the conveying device It sets, is movably installed with workpiece gripper device on the guide rail 1, be provided in conveying device filled with workpiece centering in the present embodiment Corresponding centering station is set, positioned at the workpiece grabbing station corresponding with workpiece gripper device of centering station downstream, the downstream It is for the conveying direction of conveying device.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the workpiece gripper device includes the sliding seat 13 being movably arranged on the guide rail 1, institute The lower end for stating sliding seat 13 is fixedly installed with mounting plate 14, and the mounting plate 14 is cut with scissors adjacent to one end of the upstream of the guide rail 1 It is connected to the first clamping jaw 15, the torsional spring for keeping the first clamping jaw vertical, institute are equipped between first clamping jaw 15 and the mounting plate 14 The upper end for stating the first clamping jaw 15 is fixedly installed with clamping jaw swing rod 16 above mounting plate 14, is additionally provided on the mounting plate 14 Two the first guide grooves 17 in the same plane and two the second guide grooves 18, first guide groove 17 is adjacent to described First clamping jaw 15 is movably installed with the first cylindrical slider 19, second guide groove 18 in first guide groove 17 respectively It is inside movably installed with the second cylindrical slider 20, the one end of second guide groove 18 adjacent to the downstream of the guide rail 1 respectively Equipped with the guiding channel opening 37 removed for second cylindrical slider from second guide groove, first cylindrical slider 19 are fixedly mounted on the two sides of the upper end of the second clamping jaw 21, and second cylindrical slider 20 is fixedly mounted on the second clamping jaw 21 Two sides and the lower section for being located at first cylindrical slider 19, are fixedly installed on second clamping jaw 21 and protrude from the peace The baffle 22 of the upper surface of loading board 14, the upper surface of the mounting plate 14 are movably installed with pushing plate 23, the pushing plate 23 Between the clamping jaw swing rod 16 and the baffle 22, the pushing plate 23 is equipped with the promotion being laterally extended in the present embodiment Plate guide groove 40 is fixedly installed with the pushing plate guide pad 41 with the pushing plate guide groove 40 cooperation, institute on mounting plate 14 It states and is fixedly installed with pushing plate block 42 in pushing plate 23, be equipped between the pushing plate block and the pushing plate guide pad 41 So that pushing plate holds out against the pushing plate in the clamping jaw swing rod and holds out against spring 43, the lower surface of the mounting plate 14 is additionally provided with and institute State corresponding first cylinder 24 of the first clamping jaw 15 and the second cylinder 25 corresponding with second clamping jaw, the work of first cylinder Stopper rod is equipped with the first pushing plate for acting on first clamping jaw, and the piston rod of second cylinder, which is equipped with, acts on second Second pushing plate 27 of clamping jaw is equipped with lifting device between the sliding seat 13 and the mounting plate 14.One-way clutch is commonly called as Unilateral bearing, and it is only capable of the machine driving basic part of (clockwise or counterclockwise) transmission of single direction, effect is It rotate certain element can only by certain direction, in the other directions locking.There are many one-way clutch in the prior art Structure, details are not described herein for the specific structure of one-way clutch.
As shown in Figure 1, the clamping effect in order to guarantee the second clamping jaw, between second clamping jaw 21 and the mounting plate 14 Equipped with so that the second clamping jaw tension spring 38 that the second clamping jaw is swung towards first clamping jaw.
When the first clamping jaw 15 with sliding seat from the lower downstream of the upstream direction guiding rail 1 of guide rail 1 when, under the first clamping jaw 15 End touches workpiece, and the first clamping jaw 15 deflects, and clamping jaw swing rod 16 is swung, and the swing of clamping jaw swing rod 16 drives pushing plate 23 to move Dynamic, pushing plate 23 drives the second clamping jaw 21 mobile by baffle 22, and the movement of the second clamping jaw 21 is so that the second cylindrical slider 20 It is removed from the guiding channel opening 37 of the second guide groove 18, since the first cylindrical slider 19 is still located on the first guide groove 17 Interior, under the action of the second clamping jaw tension spring 39, the second clamping jaw 21 will be rotated around the first cylindrical slider 19, the second clamping jaw 21 It acts on workpiece, such workpiece gripper device realizes the crawl to workpiece, when the first pushing plate pushes the first clamping jaw outside Deflection, when the second pushing plate pushes the second clamping jaw to be deflected outward, workpiece is no longer firmly grasped by workpiece gripper device.First folder in Fig. 1 Pawl will touch workpiece, and the second clamping jaw does not deflect as can see from Figure 1, and Fig. 2 is workpiece in the embodiment of the present invention The seized condition schematic diagram of grabbing device, the second clamping jaw has occurred and that deflection in Fig. 2;
As shown in figures 3 to 6, the conveying device includes conveying roller 2, and the conveying roller 2 includes roller shell 4 and roll shaft 3, The roll shaft is fixedly mounted in the rack 26, and the outer peripheral surface of the roller shell 4, which is equipped with, multiple protrudes from the roller shell 4 The inner cavity of the circular casing 5 of outer peripheral surface, the inner cavity of the circular casing and the roller shell is connected as a single entity, the circular casing 5 The axis of axis and the roller shell 4 is overlapped, and multiple mounting rings 6 in roller shell 4, the peace are cased with outside the roll shaft 3 Dress ring 6 is fixedly connected with the roller shell 4, is equipped between the mounting ring 6 and the roll shaft 3 so that mounting ring can only be relative to The one-way clutch 45 that roll shaft rotates clockwise is hinged with multiple oscillating rods 7, the swing of the oscillating rod 7 in the mounting ring 6 End is equipped with multi-directional ball 8, and control ring 9 is also rotatably equipped in the mounting ring 6, is fixedly installed with connecting rod in the control ring 10, the connecting rod 10 is hinged on the oscillating rod 7, and the rack is equipped with driving device, the driving device and the control Control ring clutch 36 is equipped between ring processed, the multi-directional ball 8 is located in the circular casing 5, and the outer peripheral surface of the circular casing 5 is set There is the opening 11 removed for the multi-directional ball 8, the limit plate 35 of limitation oscillating rod deflection angle, institute are additionally provided in the mounting ring It states and is equipped between oscillating rod 7 and the mounting ring 6 so that the tension spring that the swinging end of oscillating rod 7 is deflected to the mounting ring 6, described Freewheel clutch 12 is equipped between control ring 9 and the mounting ring 6.
Freewheel clutch is the development with electromechanical integrated product and the basic part occurred, it is for prime mover and work Make between machine or power transmits the important component with separation function inside machine between driving shaft and driven shaft.It is using it is main, The transformation of the direction of rotation of secondary part has the device of voluntarily clutch function.It is answered there are many freewheel clutches in the prior art, The commonly installation and use on bicycle.
When ordinary bicycle is fallen back, foot-operated shaft is that can be turned round the reason is that bicycle rear has a clutch, referred to as Freewheel clutch is exactly flywheel (ratchet).
The function of freewheel clutch is that the pawl when the sprocket outer ring of chain-driving flywheel, inside outer ring transmits torque To central rotating shaft, rear-wheel just rotates advance.When cyclist stops foot-operated, the pawl compressed spring of rear-wheel enables pawl to exist It is slided on ratchet, surmounts static outer ring ratchet, will hear " clatter clatter " sound of sending.Because ratchet can only unidirectional delivery to Preceding torque cannot transmit torque backward, so that bicycle has normal function, cannot ride and travel backward.Therefore also referred to as Mono-directional overrun clutch.
As shown in Figure 4, Figure 5 and Figure 6, rotation control ring 9 is rotated counterclockwise, is made due to being equipped between mounting ring 6 and roll shaft 3 Obtaining mounting ring 6 can only make mounting ring can only phase relative to the one-way clutch 45 that roll shaft rotates clockwise, one-way clutch 45 Roll shaft 3 is rotated clockwise, freewheel clutch 12 is equipped between the control ring and the mounting ring, control ring 9 is clockwise Rotation can drive 6 clockwise movement of mounting ring, and when control ring 9 rotates counterclockwise, mounting ring will not be rotated counterclockwise, control Rotating counterclockwise for ring drives oscillating rod 7 to swing by connecting rod, so that multi-directional ball 8 can be removed from opening, such workpiece quilt Multi-directional ball 8 supports, and movement is more convenient, and workpiece centralising device can preferably adjust the position of workpiece, control ring clutch control Bonding state between control ring and driving device, when control ring clutch combines, driving device can drive control ring to rotate, When control ring clutch separation, driving device is unable to drive control ring rotation, to can drive control by driving device Ring is rotated clockwise or is rotated counterclockwise.The roll shaft is equipped with multiple mounting rings 6 in the present embodiment, is also equipped with accordingly Multiple oscillating rods are equipped with rotation axis 46 between the connecting rod and each oscillating rod in control ring, realize connecting rod and each institute It states hinged between oscillating rod.In order to realize control ring in the rotational installation of the mounting ring, the control ring is equipped with annular Slot, the corresponding mounting ring are equipped with annular protrusion 47.In order to realize being fixedly connected for mounting ring and roller shell, the present embodiment In connection sleeve 48 is equipped between adjacent mounting ring, connect and be provided with fixed ring between sleeve 48 and the inner wall of roller shell 49, the fixed ring 49 is equipped with arc groove 50, and the rotation axis 46 is rotatably installed in each described across the arc groove 50 On oscillating rod 7.The driving device is driven using belt in the present embodiment, is rotatably equipped with belt pulley 51 on the roll shaft, The control ring clutch 36 is located between the belt pulley 51 and the control ring, and the roll shaft passes through the belt pulley and fixes It is mounted in the rack 26.
As shown in Fig. 2, the lifting device includes the lifting driving cylinder 44 being fixedly mounted on the movable seat, it is described It is fixedly installed with connecting plate 27 on the piston rod of lifting driving cylinder, the lower end of the connecting plate 27 is fixedly installed with mounting plate and leads To block 29, the mounting plate is equipped with laterally steering slot 28, and the mounting plate guide pad is movably arranged on the laterally steering slot In 28, support spring 30 is respectively equipped between the mounting plate guide pad 29 and the both ends of the laterally steering slot 28.Will When reaching workpiece grabbing station, lifting device drives connecting plate to move down, so that the first clamping jaw lower end is touched and held Workpiece, so that the first clamping jaw deflects.When not reaching workpiece grabbing station, lifting device keeps the height of connecting plate, keeps away Exempt from the first clamping jaw and touches workpiece in conveying device.Support bullet is equipped between mounting plate guide pad and laterally steering slot both ends Spring, can play the role of buffering, workpiece is conveyed in conveying device, after being grabbed by workpiece gripper device, due to the inertia of workpiece Effect will lead to and be shaken by the workpiece that the first clamping jaw and the second clamping jaw grab, is oriented in order to avoid this kind of situation It is equipped with support spring between block and laterally steering slot both ends, influence of the inertia to workpiece grabbing can be effectively avoided, so that workpiece is grabbed Take process more steady.The lifting device further includes the guide post 52 being fixedly mounted on the connecting plate 27, the activity Seat is equipped with the pilot hole cooperated with the guide post.
First clamping jaw and second clamping jaw include multiple claw bars, and the lower end of the claw bar is equipped with support under workpiece The support rod 31 on surface, the support rod 31 and the claw bar between the adjacent circular casing 5, the support rod 31 from 32 support of groove portion between the adjacent circular casing is in the lower surface of the workpiece 33.The setting of groove portion 32 can make the first folder Pawl and the second clamping jaw smoothly hold workpiece, ensure that smooth crawl.
As shown in figure 3, the workpiece centralising device includes the two centering push plates 34 positioned at workpiece two sides, pushed away in two described pairs Plate is symmetrical arranged by line of symmetry of the middle line of conveying device, and the middle line of conveying device prolongs along the conveying direction of the conveying device It stretches, is the center line of the conveying device, dotted line 53 is the middle line of conveying device in Fig. 3, the company between the centering push plate Line is located at the center of the conveying roller, and cylinder 39 is separately installed between the centering push plate and the rack, the cylinder Model is identical, running parameter is identical.Cylinder works at the same time, and pushes the mobile same stroke of centering push plate, thus realize workpiece with The centering of conveying device middle line.
Workpiece centralising device can carry out centering to the workpiece in conveying device, so that workpiece is located in conveying device Line, workpiece gripper device can automatically grab the workpiece in conveying device, and move to welding post along guide rail, from The dynamic release for carrying out workpiece, workpiece centralising device carry out to it is middle when, driving device drives control ring to rotate counterclockwise, to make It obtains multi-directional ball to remove from opening, the freewheel clutch between control ring 9 and the mounting ring 6, so that control ring 9 turns counterclockwise It is dynamic that mounting ring 6 will not directly be driven to move, but the connecting rod due to being fixedly mounted in control ring 9 will be with the counterclockwise movement of control ring And counterclockwise swing, connecting rod is hinged on oscillating rod, and the counter-clockwise swing of connecting rod will make oscillating rod counter-clockwise swing, The counter-clockwise swing of oscillating rod will generate so that the power that mounting ring rotates counterclockwise, but due to unidirectional between mounting ring and roll shaft The setting of clutch, mounting ring will not be rotated relative to roll shaft, since mounting ring 6 is fixedly connected with roller shell 4, roller shell It not can rotate, and since multi-directional ball has stretched out opening, multi-directional ball 8 can be supported on workpiece, greatly facilitate the shifting of workpiece Dynamic, so as to effectively improve the centering efficiency of workpiece, control ring clutch combination driving device drives control after the completion of centering Ring rotates clockwise, and the freewheel clutch between control ring and mounting ring makes rotating clockwise for control ring that will will drive installation Ring also rotates clockwise, simultaneously mounting ring upper connecting rod also can clockwise oscillation, and the oscillating rod and the mounting ring Between be equipped with so that the tension spring that the swinging end of oscillating rod is deflected to the mounting ring, tension spring will make the swinging end of oscillating rod to Mounting ring deflection, such multi-directional ball just return in roller shell from opening, and workpiece driven by the driving device in this way will be along defeated Send device mobile, when workpiece is moved to workpiece grabbing station, the lifting device of workpiece gripper device drives mounting plate to moving down Dynamic, when workpiece is touched and held in the lower end of the first clamping jaw 15, the first clamping jaw deflects, and clamping jaw swing rod is swung, clamping jaw swing rod It swings and drives pushing plate mobile, pushing plate drives the second clamping jaw mobile by baffle, and the movement of the second clamping jaw is so that the second cylinder Shape sliding block is removed from the guide groove opening of the second guide groove, since the first cylindrical slider is still located in the first guide groove, Under the action of the second clamping jaw tension spring, the second clamping jaw 21 will be rotated around the first cylindrical slider, and the second clamping jaw acts also on work On part, such workpiece gripper device realizes the crawl to workpiece, when the first pushing plate push the first clamping jaw be deflected outward, second When pushing plate pushes the second clamping jaw to be deflected outward, workpiece is no longer firmly grasped by workpiece gripper device, and the automatic release of workpiece is able to achieve.
The above shows and describes the basic principle, main features and advantages of the invention.The technology of the industry Personnel are it should be appreciated that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and the above embodiments and description only describe this The principle of invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and improvements may be made to the invention, these changes Change and improvement all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention by appended claims and its Equivalent thereof.

Claims (6)

1. the automobile manufacture feeding device that is welded, which is characterized in that including rack, guide rail is equipped in the rack and is located at institute The conveying device below guide rail is stated, workpiece gripper device is movably installed on the guide rail, is additionally provided in the rack positioned at institute The workpiece centralising device above conveying device is stated, the workpiece gripper device includes the activity being movably arranged on the guide rail Seat, the lower end of the sliding seat are fixedly installed with mounting plate, and the mounting plate is hinged adjacent to one end of the upstream of the guide rail There is the first clamping jaw, the torsional spring for keeping the first clamping jaw vertical, first folder are equipped between first clamping jaw and the mounting plate The upper end of pawl is fixedly installed with the clamping jaw swing rod above mounting plate, is additionally provided on the mounting plate in the same plane Two the first guide grooves and two the second guide grooves, first guide groove is adjacent to first clamping jaw, first guiding The first cylindrical slider is movably installed in slot respectively, it is cylindrical sliding to be movably installed with second in second guide groove respectively Block, the one end in downstream of second guide groove adjacent to the guide rail, which is equipped with, supplies second cylindrical slider from described second The guiding channel opening that guide groove removes, first cylindrical slider is fixedly mounted on the two sides of the upper end of the second clamping jaw, described Second cylindrical slider is fixedly mounted on the two sides of the second clamping jaw and is located at the lower section of first cylindrical slider, and described the The baffle for protruding from the upper surface of the mounting plate is fixedly installed on two clamping jaws, the upper surface of the mounting plate is movably installed with Pushing plate, the pushing plate is between the clamping jaw swing rod and the baffle, and the lower surface of the mounting plate is additionally provided with and institute State corresponding first cylinder of the first clamping jaw and the second cylinder corresponding with second clamping jaw, the piston rod peace of first cylinder Equipped with the first pushing plate for acting on first clamping jaw, the piston rod of second cylinder, which is equipped with, acts on the second clamping jaw Second pushing plate;Lifting device is equipped between the sliding seat and the mounting plate.
2. the automobile manufacture feeding device that is welded as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the conveying device includes conveying Roller, the conveying roller include roller shell and roll shaft, and the roll shaft is fixedly mounted in the rack, the outer peripheral surface of the roller shell Circular casing equipped with multiple outer peripheral surfaces for protruding from the roller shell, the inner cavity phase of the inner cavity of the circular casing and the roller shell It is mutually linked together, the axis of the axis of the circular casing and the roller shell is overlapped, and is cased with outside the roll shaft multiple positioned at roller shell Intracorporal mounting ring, the mounting ring are fixedly connected with the roller shell, between the mounting ring and the roll shaft be equipped with so that Mounting ring can only be hinged with multiple oscillating rods in the mounting ring relative to the one-way clutch that roll shaft rotates clockwise, described The swinging end of oscillating rod is equipped with multi-directional ball, and control ring, fixed peace in the control ring are also rotatably equipped in the mounting ring Equipped with connecting rod, the connecting rod is hinged on the oscillating rod, and the rack is equipped with driving device, the driving device and described Control ring clutch is equipped between control ring, the multi-directional ball is located in the circular casing, and the outer peripheral surface of the circular casing is equipped with For the opening that the multi-directional ball removes, the limit plate of limitation oscillating rod deflection angle, the swing are additionally provided in the mounting ring It is equipped between bar and the mounting ring so that the tension spring that the swinging end of oscillating rod is deflected to the mounting ring, the control ring and institute It states and is equipped with freewheel clutch between mounting ring.
3. the automobile manufacture feeding device that is welded as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that second clamping jaw and the peace It is equipped between loading board so that the second clamping jaw tension spring that the second clamping jaw is swung towards first clamping jaw.
4. the automobile manufacture feeding device that is welded as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that the lifting device includes fixing The lifting of installation on the movable seat drives cylinder, is fixedly installed with connection on the piston rod of the lifting driving cylinder cylinder Plate, the lower end of the connecting plate are fixedly installed with mounting plate guide pad, and the mounting plate is equipped with laterally steering slot, the installation Plate guide pad is movably arranged in the laterally steering slot, the both ends of the mounting plate guide pad 29 and the laterally steering slot it Between be respectively equipped with support spring.
5. the automobile manufacture feeding device that is welded as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that first clamping jaw and described Two clamping jaws include multiple claw bars, and the lower end of the claw bar is equipped with support in the support rod of workpiece lower surface, the support rod and institute Claw bar is stated between the adjacent circular casing, the support rod is from the groove portion support between the adjacent circular casing described The lower surface of workpiece.
6. the automobile manufacture feeding device that is welded as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the workpiece centralising device includes The two centering push plates positioned at workpiece two sides, the two centering push plates are symmetrical arranged by line of symmetry of the middle line of conveying device, described Line between centering push plate is located at the center of the conveying roller, is separately installed with gas between the centering push plate and the rack Cylinder, the model of the cylinder is identical, running parameter is identical.
CN201810796634.0A 2018-07-19 2018-07-19 Welding feeding device for automobile manufacturing Active CN108861552B (en)

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CN106743407A (en) * 2016-12-16 2017-05-31 河南智金网络技术有限公司 A kind of sheet material centering conveyer structure
CN206318413U (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-07-11 长春泰盟机械制造股份有限公司 A kind of guiding centering device for brake disc
CN108188770A (en) * 2018-01-10 2018-06-22 宁波高新区新柯保汽车科技有限公司 Auto parts and components clamping device

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DE4138185A1 (en) * 1991-11-15 1993-05-19 Rud Ketten Rieger & Dietz PALLET GRIP DEVICE
US6237978B1 (en) * 1998-01-16 2001-05-29 Diamond Automations, Inc. Apparatus for releasing items within a confined space
CN206318413U (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-07-11 长春泰盟机械制造股份有限公司 A kind of guiding centering device for brake disc
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CN110525977A (en) * 2019-09-12 2019-12-03 东旭(营口)光电显示有限公司 A kind of lift truck structure and lifting transporting equipment
CN110525977B (en) * 2019-09-12 2021-11-05 东旭(营口)光电显示有限公司 Lifting transportation mechanism and lifting transportation equipment

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Effective date of registration: 20200918

Address after: 201799 room 510-523, Lai Gang Road, Qingpu District, Shanghai, 510-523.

Patentee after: Weimar Automobile Technology Group Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 264006 No. 92, Yantai economic and Technological Development Zone, Shandong, Zhujianglu Road

Patentee before: YANTAI ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY College