CN108857584B - Horizontal numerical control machine tool - Google Patents

Horizontal numerical control machine tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108857584B
CN108857584B CN201810839140.6A CN201810839140A CN108857584B CN 108857584 B CN108857584 B CN 108857584B CN 201810839140 A CN201810839140 A CN 201810839140A CN 108857584 B CN108857584 B CN 108857584B
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vertical
clamping jaw
positioning
motor
shaped
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CN201810839140.6A
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CN108857584A (en
Inventor
张敏
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Jiangsu Jiangzhun Numerical Control Machine Tool Co ltd
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Jiangsu Jiangzhun Numerical Control Machine Tool Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q37/00Metal-working machines, or constructional combinations thereof, built-up from units designed so that at least some of the units can form parts of different machines or combinations; Units therefor in so far as the feature of interchangeability is important
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/0042Devices for removing chips
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/155Arrangements for automatic insertion or removal of tools, e.g. combined with manual handling
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P90/00Enabling technologies with a potential contribution to greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions mitigation
    • Y02P90/02Total factory control, e.g. smart factories, flexible manufacturing systems [FMS] or integrated manufacturing systems [IMS]

Abstract

The invention discloses a horizontal numerical control machine tool, which is characterized in that: including the frame, set up product placement machine in the frame construct, cutter mechanism and processing mechanism, the middle part of frame is equipped with two vertical slide rails, vertical slide rail set up in the left side of product placement machine constructs, processing mechanism slide set up in two on the vertical slide rail, product placement machine constructs set up in the right side of frame, just product placement machine constructs set up in the right side below of processing mechanism, cutter mechanism install in the frame on vertical slide rail right side, just cutter mechanism set up in the top of product placement machine constructs. The invention improves the processing efficiency and quality of the product.

Description

Horizontal numerical control machine tool
Technical Field
The invention relates to numerical control machining equipment, in particular to a horizontal numerical control machine tool.
Background
The numerical control machine tool is provided with a horizontal numerical control machine tool and a vertical numerical control machine tool, the machining of the horizontal numerical control machine tool and the vertical numerical control machine tool is limited, and when the numerical control machine tool machines a product, at most 5 surfaces can be machined, and one surface cannot be machined, so that the machining efficiency is low, and the machining quality is not good enough. Meanwhile, the tool changing efficiency and the tool changing quality are not good.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a horizontal numerical control machine tool, by using the structure, the machining efficiency and the machining convenience of a product are improved, the machining cost of the product is reduced, and meanwhile, the tool changing efficiency and the quality are improved.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: the horizontal numerical control machine tool comprises a frame, a product placement mechanism, a cutter mechanism and a processing mechanism, wherein the product placement mechanism, the cutter mechanism and the processing mechanism are arranged on the frame, two vertical sliding rails are arranged in the middle of the frame, the vertical sliding rails are arranged on the left sides of the product placement mechanism, the processing mechanism is arranged on the two vertical sliding rails in a sliding manner, the product placement mechanism is arranged on the right side of the frame, the product placement mechanism is arranged below the right side of the processing mechanism, the cutter mechanism is arranged on the frame on the right side of the vertical sliding rails, and the cutter mechanism is arranged above the product placement mechanism;
the processing mechanism comprises a bracket, a vertical motor, a main shaft motor and a main shaft, wherein the vertical motor is arranged at the bottom of the frame, the bracket is arranged on two vertical sliding rails in a sliding manner, an output shaft of the vertical motor is connected with the bracket through a vertical screw rod, and the vertical motor drives the bracket to move up and down on the vertical sliding rails through the vertical screw rod; the main shaft motor is arranged on the left side of the bracket, the left side of the main shaft is connected with an output shaft of the main shaft motor, the right side of the main shaft is arranged above the product placing mechanism, and the right side of the main shaft is arranged below the cutter mechanism;
the cutter mechanism comprises a rotating motor, a positioning column, a turntable and a plurality of cutter limiting devices which are uniformly distributed on the outer edge surface of the left side of the turntable, a first through hole is formed in the middle of the turntable, the left side of the positioning column is fixedly mounted on the frame, the right side of the positioning column penetrates through the first through hole and is arranged on the right side of the turntable, and the middle of the positioning column is connected with the first through hole through a bearing; the positioning column is of a hollow structure, a cavity is formed in the positioning column, the rotating motor is arranged on the right side of the positioning column, an output shaft of the rotating motor penetrates through the cavity, a notch is formed in the outer edge surface of the positioning column on the left side of the rotating disc and is communicated with the cavity, the output shaft of the rotating motor penetrates through the notch through a connecting mechanism and is connected with the left side surface of the rotating disc, and the rotating motor drives the rotating disc to rotate on the bearing through the connecting mechanism;
the product placing mechanism comprises a workbench, a positioning table and a positioning clamp, wherein a groove is formed in the workbench, the bottom of the positioning table is arranged at the bottom of the groove, and the positioning clamp is arranged on the top surface of the positioning table.
In the above technical scheme, still be equipped with two horizontal slide rails on the support, the front side of support is equipped with horizontal motor, be equipped with a slide on the support, the slide slides and sets up in two on the horizontal slide rail, horizontal motor's output shaft drives through a horizontal screw rod the slide is in carry out back-and-forth movement on the horizontal slide rail.
In the above technical scheme, the top of slide is equipped with two vertical slide rails, vertical slide rail perpendicular to horizontal slide rail sets up, vertical slide rail perpendicular to the left surface and the right flank of frame set up, spindle motor and main shaft through a mounting panel slidable mounting in on the vertical slide rail, the left side of slide still is equipped with a vertical motor, the output shaft of vertical motor through a vertical screw rod with the mounting panel links to each other, the vertical motor through vertical screw rod drives the mounting panel is in horizontal movement on the vertical slide rail.
In the above technical scheme, the positive center of locating bench is equipped with the second through-hole, install a column type locating piece and first rotating electrical machines in the second through-hole, first rotating electrical machines install in the bottom of second through-hole, the top of column type locating piece be higher than the top surface of locating bench or with the top surface of locating bench flushes the setting, the output shaft of first rotating electrical machines with the bottom of column type locating piece links to each other, the bottom spiro union of positioning fixture install in on the top surface of column type locating piece.
In the above technical scheme, the positioning fixture comprises a bottom plate and a vertical plate arranged in the middle of the bottom plate, wherein the vertical plate is perpendicular to the bottom plate, the bottom plate is arranged on the column-shaped positioning block, a strip-shaped limiting groove is respectively arranged on the bottom plate on two sides of the vertical plate, and two ends of the strip-shaped limiting groove are communicated with two sides of the bottom plate; each bar-shaped limiting groove is internally and uniformly provided with a plurality of screw holes, each bar-shaped limiting groove is internally and spirally connected with two limiting blocks, each limiting block is spirally connected in one screw hole through a bolt, and a limiting space is formed between the two limiting blocks.
In the above technical scheme, the cutter limiting device comprises a first limiting plate, a first clamping jaw, a second clamping jaw and a spring, wherein two sides of the middle part of the first limiting plate are respectively and tightly mounted on the turntable through a limiting bolt, an arc-shaped notch is arranged on the outer side of the first limiting plate and is arranged on the outer side of the turntable, and a distance is arranged between the first limiting plate and the turntable; the first clamping jaw and the second clamping jaw are arranged in the space, the middle part of the first clamping jaw is rotatably arranged on one limit bolt, the middle part of the second clamping jaw is rotatably arranged on the other limit bolt, one end of the spring is connected with the inner side of the first clamping jaw, the other end of the spring is connected with the inner side of the second clamping jaw, the outer sides of the first clamping jaw and the second clamping jaw are arranged outside the rotary table, a limiting space is formed between the first clamping jaw and the second clamping jaw, and the limiting space is opposite to the arc-shaped notch.
In the above technical scheme, two limit nuts are arranged in the middle of each limit bolt, a through hole is formed in the middle of each first clamping jaw and the middle of each second clamping jaw, the diameter of each through hole is larger than that of each limit bolt and smaller than that of each limit nut, and the first clamping jaw and the second clamping jaw are respectively sleeved on one limit nut and are arranged between the corresponding two limit nuts; the middle parts of the first clamping jaw and the second clamping jaw are respectively provided with an arc-shaped bulge, and the outer edge surface of the arc-shaped bulge of the first clamping jaw is propped against the outer edge surface of the arc-shaped bulge of the second clamping jaw.
In the above technical scheme, the left side of frame still is equipped with a open-top's garbage collection fill, garbage collection fill's front side and rear side top are equipped with a tongs respectively, garbage collection fill place in the left bottom of frame, garbage collection fill set up in the left side below of workstation.
In the above technical scheme, the recess is the slope structure, the bottom surface of recess from right to left slope downwards sets up, the bottom of locating bench install in the bottom surface middle part of recess, the left side of recess is equipped with a blanking mouth, be equipped with an slope deflector on the blanking mouth, the slope deflector with the bottom surface parallel arrangement of recess, the left side of slope deflector set up in directly over the garbage collection fill.
In the above technical scheme, the connecting mechanism comprises a group of L-shaped rods, the notch is an arc notch and is arranged below the positioning column, an angle formed between two ends of the arc notch and the center of the positioning column is 180-300 degrees, the L-shaped rods comprise end-to-end cross rods and vertical rods, the cross rods are parallel to the positioning column, one ends of the vertical rods are connected with an output shaft of the rotating motor, the other ends of the vertical rods penetrate through one notch and are arranged outside the positioning column, one ends of the cross rods are connected with the outside of the vertical rods, and the other ends of the cross rods are connected with the left side surface of the rotating disc; the top of reference column still is equipped with the stiffener, the left side of stiffener with the frame links to each other, the right side of stiffener with the bearing links to each other.
Due to the application of the technical scheme, compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages:
1. according to the invention, the product is placed by the product placing mechanism, the product is processed by the processing mechanism, and meanwhile, the cutter is installed by the cutter mechanism, so that the replacement of the cutter is facilitated, and the processing efficiency and the processing quality of the product are effectively improved;
2. according to the invention, the turntable is provided with the plurality of groups of cutter limiting devices, each cutter limiting device comprises the first limiting plate, the first clamping jaw and the second clamping jaw, the inner ends of the springs and the first clamping jaw and the second clamping jaw are utilized, and then the arc-shaped notch on the first limiting plate is utilized, so that the cutters can be limited, when the cutters are replaced, the cutters can be separated from the first clamping jaw and the second clamping jaw through the main shaft after the main shaft is connected with the cutters, and the cutter replacement is convenient and quick;
3. according to the positioning fixture, the first rotating motor and the first column-shaped positioning block can rotate, and the positioning fixture is provided with the two bar-shaped limiting grooves for placing products, so that when the products are processed, the first rotating motor can be utilized to drive the first column-shaped positioning block and the positioning fixture to rotate, the direction of the products can be changed conveniently, all 6 surfaces of the products can be processed, the processing efficiency of the products is effectively improved, the processing quality of the products is improved, and the processing quality of the products is guaranteed by processing the 6 surfaces of the products under the condition of ensuring the same standard.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram I (positioning jig is not shown) of a first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram II (positioning jig is not shown) of a first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram III (positioning fixture and frame part are not shown) of a first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view IV of a first embodiment of the invention (positioning jigs and frame portions not shown);
FIG. 5 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a positioning fixture and a positioning table according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a positioning fixture according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a positioning fixture with another structure according to the first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a connection between a turntable and a positioning column (a cutter limiting device is not shown) according to the first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic end view of a cutter spacing device according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 10 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a joint between a first clamping jaw and a limit bolt according to a first embodiment of the present invention.
Wherein: 1. a frame; 2. a vertical slide rail; 3. a bracket; 4. a vertical motor; 5. a main shaft; 6. a vertical screw; 7. a rotating electric machine; 8. positioning columns; 9. a turntable; 10. a cutter limiting device; 11. a first through hole; 12. a bearing; 13. tilting the guide plate; 14. a cavity; 15. a notch; 17. a cross bar; 18. a vertical rod; 19. a reinforcing rod; 20. a cutter; 21. a work table; 22. a positioning table; 23. positioning a clamp; 24. a groove; 25. a transverse slide rail; 26. a transverse motor; 27. a slide plate; 28. a transverse screw; 29. a longitudinal slide rail; 30. a mounting plate; 31. a longitudinal motor; 32. a longitudinal screw; 33. a second through hole; 34. a column-shaped positioning block; 35. a first rotating electric machine; 36. a bottom plate; 37. a vertical plate; 38. a bar-shaped limit groove; 39. a screw hole; 40. a limiting block; 41. an electromagnet; 42. a first limiting plate; 43. a first jaw; 44. a second jaw; 45. a spring; 46. a limit bolt; 47. an arc-shaped notch; 48. a limit nut; 49. arc-shaped bulges; 50. a waste collection hopper; 51. a grip.
Detailed Description
The invention is further described below with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples:
embodiment one: referring to fig. 1 to 10, a horizontal numerical control machine tool comprises a frame 1, a product placement mechanism, a cutter mechanism and a processing mechanism, wherein the product placement mechanism, the cutter mechanism and the processing mechanism are arranged on the frame 1, two vertical sliding rails 2 are arranged in the middle of the frame, the vertical sliding rails 2 are arranged on the left sides of the product placement mechanism, the processing mechanism is arranged on the two vertical sliding rails 2 in a sliding manner, the product placement mechanism is arranged on the right side of the frame 1, the product placement mechanism is arranged below the right side of the processing mechanism, the cutter mechanism is arranged on the frame 1 on the right side of the vertical sliding rails 2, and the cutter mechanism is arranged above the product placement mechanism.
In this embodiment, during the use, put the product on product placement mechanism, utilize processing agency to process the product, wherein, when needing the tool change, only need processing agency change a corresponding cutter from above the tool mechanism can.
Referring to fig. 1 to 4, the processing mechanism comprises a bracket 3, a vertical motor 4, a spindle motor and a spindle 5, wherein the vertical motor 4 is installed at the bottom of the frame 1, the bracket 3 is slidably arranged on two vertical sliding rails 2, an output shaft of the vertical motor 4 is connected with the bracket 3 through a vertical screw 6, and the vertical motor drives the bracket to move up and down on the vertical sliding rails through the vertical screw; the main shaft motor is arranged on the left side of the bracket, the left side of the main shaft is connected with an output shaft of the main shaft motor, the right side of the main shaft is arranged above the product placing mechanism, and the right side of the main shaft is arranged below the cutter mechanism.
The spindle motor can drive the spindle to rotate, a cutter is arranged at the end part of the spindle, and the product is machined by using the rotation of the cutter. The vertical motor can drive the bracket to move up and down through the vertical screw, namely, the vertical motor can drive the cutter to move up and down on the upper surface of the Z-axis direction, and the Z-axis direction of the product is processed.
Referring to fig. 1 to 10, the cutter mechanism comprises a rotating motor 7, a positioning column 8, a turntable 9 and a plurality of cutter limiting devices 10 uniformly distributed on the outer edge surface of the left side of the turntable 9, wherein a first through hole 11 is formed in the middle of the turntable 9, the left side of the positioning column 8 is fixedly mounted on the frame 1, the right side of the positioning column 8 passes through the first through hole 11 and is arranged on the right side of the turntable 9, and the middle of the positioning column 8 is connected with the first through hole 11 through a bearing 12; the locating column 8 is hollow structure, the inside of locating column 8 is equipped with cavity 14, rotating electrical machines 7 install in the right side of locating column 8, rotating electrical machines's output shaft wear in cavity 14, be equipped with breach 15 on the left locating column 8 outer fringe face of carousel, breach 15 with cavity 14 is linked together, rotating electrical machines's output shaft pass through coupling mechanism the breach with the left surface of carousel links to each other, rotating electrical machines passes through coupling mechanism drives the carousel is in rotate on the bearing.
Referring to fig. 8, the connection mechanism includes a group of L-shaped rods 16, the notch 15 is an arc notch, and is disposed below the positioning column 8, an angle formed between two ends of the notch and a center of the positioning column is 180 ° to 300 °, the L-shaped rods 16 include an end-to-end cross rod 17 and a vertical rod 18, the cross rod 17 is parallel to the positioning column 8, one end of the vertical rod 18 is connected with an output shaft of the rotating motor, the other end passes through one notch and is disposed outside the positioning column, one end of the cross rod is connected with the outside of the vertical rod, and the other end is connected with a left side surface of the turntable; the top of reference column 8 still is equipped with stiffener 19, the left side of stiffener with the frame links to each other, the right side of stiffener with the bearing links to each other.
In this embodiment, the cutter 20 can be placed on each set of cutter limiting device, where the rotating motor can drive the turntable to rotate by a certain angle along the clockwise direction and the counterclockwise direction through the connecting mechanism, and the cutter limiting mechanism can not be set, that is, the cutter is not installed, at the position where the turntable cannot rotate to be in contact with the main shaft due to the limitation of the notch and the L-shaped rod, so that normal cutter replacement can be performed. The angle formed between the two ends of the arc-shaped notch and the center of the positioning column is 180-300 degrees, namely the rotating angle of the turntable is 180-300 degrees, so that most positions of the outer circular surface of the turntable can be provided with the cutter limiting device. Under normal conditions, the positioning column and the bearing are utilized to position the turntable, so that the firmness of turntable installation can be ensured, and meanwhile, when the rotating motor works, the turntable can be driven by the L-shaped rod to rotate on the positioning column through the bearing, so that the cutter can be opposite to the main shaft, and tool changing is facilitated. Wherein, because the angle ratio of breach is great, promptly causes the junction length ratio of reference column to be little, in order to guarantee its joint strength, through the setting of stiffener, can guarantee the intensity of reference column like this, prevent that the reference column from receiving heavy and warp.
In this embodiment, if the rotating motor is mounted on the frame, that is, on the left side of the turntable, if the motor needs to be maintained, the turntable must be detached because of small space, which is inconvenient, and the precision of the rotating motor will be affected when the rotating motor is subsequently reinstalled, so that the rotating motor is disposed on the right side of the turntable, which is convenient for subsequent maintenance and installation, and ensures the quality of subsequent use.
Referring to fig. 1 to 4, the product placement mechanism includes a workbench 21, a positioning table 22 and a positioning fixture 23, a groove 24 is provided on the workbench 21, the bottom of the positioning table is mounted at the bottom of the groove, and the positioning fixture is mounted on the top surface of the positioning table. The positioning fixture is used for installing and positioning the product.
Referring to fig. 1 to 4, two lateral sliding rails 25 are further provided on the support 3, a lateral motor 26 is provided on the front side of the support 3, a sliding plate 27 is provided on the support 3, the sliding plate 27 is slidably disposed on the two lateral sliding rails 25, and an output shaft of the lateral motor 26 drives the sliding plate 27 to move back and forth on the lateral sliding rails 25 through a lateral screw 28.
The top of slide 27 is equipped with two vertical slide rails 29, vertical slide rail perpendicular to the horizontal slide rail sets up, vertical slide rail perpendicular to the left surface and the right flank of frame set up, spindle motor and main shaft through a mounting panel 30 slidable mounting in on the vertical slide rail 29, the left side of slide 27 still is equipped with a vertical motor 31, the output shaft of vertical motor 31 is through a vertical screw 32 with mounting panel 30 links to each other, the vertical motor is through vertical screw drives the mounting panel is in horizontal movement is carried out on the vertical slide rail.
The transverse motor can drive the main shaft to move in the X-axis direction through the transverse screw rod, and the longitudinal motor can drive the main shaft to move in the Y-axis direction through the longitudinal sliding rod, namely, the main shaft and a cutter on the main shaft can move in the X, Y, Z-axis direction, so that the product can be conveniently machined. Meanwhile, when the cutter is replaced, the rotating motor drives the turntable to rotate, so that a group of empty cutter limiting devices rotate to a set position, then the main shaft moves to the set position, the cutter on the main shaft is dismounted, then the rotating motor drives another group of cutters to be replaced to the main shaft for cutter installation, after replacement, the main shaft drives the newly replaced cutter to be removed, and then subsequent machining is performed.
Referring to fig. 5, a second through hole 33 is formed in the center of the positioning table 22, a column-shaped positioning block 34 and a first rotating motor 35 are installed in the second through hole 33, the first rotating motor 35 is installed at the bottom of the second through hole 33, the top of the column-shaped positioning block is higher than the top surface of the positioning table or is flush with the top surface of the positioning table, an output shaft of the first rotating motor is connected with the bottom of the column-shaped positioning block, and the bottom of the positioning fixture is installed on the top surface of the column-shaped positioning block in a threaded manner.
Referring to fig. 5 and 6, the positioning fixture 23 includes a bottom plate 36 and a vertical plate 37 disposed in the middle of the bottom plate 36, the vertical plate 37 is disposed perpendicular to the bottom plate 36, the bottom plate 36 is mounted on the column positioning block 34, the bottom plate 36 on two sides of the vertical plate 37 is respectively provided with a bar-shaped limiting groove 38, and two ends of the bar-shaped limiting groove 38 are communicated with two sides of the bottom plate 36; a plurality of screw holes 39 are uniformly distributed in each bar-shaped limiting groove 38, two limiting blocks 40 are screwed in each bar-shaped limiting groove 38, each limiting block 40 is screwed in one screw hole through a bolt, and a limiting space is formed between the two limiting blocks 40.
In this embodiment, a group of products can be placed in the bar-shaped limiting grooves on two sides of the vertical plate respectively, under normal conditions, the left side of the vertical plate is just opposite to the main shaft, so that the main shaft can process the products on the left side of the vertical plate, the left side face, the upper end face, the front end face and the rear end face of the products above the bar-shaped limiting grooves are processed, namely 4 faces of the products can be processed at one time, then the first rotating motor drives the column-shaped positioning block to rotate 180 degrees, the right side of the original vertical plate is rotated to the left side, the main shaft processes the products, meanwhile, a worker takes out the products with the 4 faces processed again, clockwise overturns 180 degrees, the processed top face of the products is placed in the bar-shaped limiting grooves, the main shaft waits for the products on the left side of the vertical plate to be processed, the first rotating motor drives the column-shaped positioning block to rotate 180 degrees again, so that the main shaft can process the products with the 4 faces processed again, and the unprocessed position is processed. In the processing mode, the positioning references of the products are uniform, and the uniform references can be used for processing 6 surfaces of the products, so that the processing efficiency and the processing quality can be ensured. The screw holes can limit the limiting blocks, so that the positions of the limiting spaces can be bar-shaped, and the limiting blocks are applicable to different products.
In the present invention, the positioning fixture may have another structure, as shown in fig. 7, and the positioning fixture includes a bottom plate 36 and a vertical plate 37, wherein the vertical plate is vertically installed on the top surface of the middle portion of the bottom plate, and an electromagnet 41 is respectively disposed on the left side and the right side of the vertical plate. In the mode, the product is directly adsorbed and positioned by the electromagnet, then 5 surfaces can be processed once when the main shaft cutter is used for processing the product, and after the processing is finished, the product can be turned over and another surface can be processed. Wherein, can set up the constant head tank on the terminal surface of electro-magnet 41, fix a position the product, guarantee the unification of benchmark.
Referring to fig. 9, the tool limiting device 10 includes a first limiting plate 42, a first clamping jaw 43, a second clamping jaw 44, and a spring 45, wherein two sides of a middle portion of the first limiting plate 42 are respectively mounted on the turntable 9 in a locking manner via a limiting bolt 46, an arc-shaped notch 47 is disposed on an outer side of the first limiting plate 42, the arc-shaped notch 47 is disposed on an outer portion of the turntable 9, and a space is provided between the first limiting plate and the turntable; the first clamping jaw and the second clamping jaw are arranged in the space, the middle part of the first clamping jaw is rotatably arranged on one limit bolt, the middle part of the second clamping jaw is rotatably arranged on the other limit bolt, one end of the spring is connected with the inner side of the first clamping jaw, the other end of the spring is connected with the inner side of the second clamping jaw, the outer sides of the first clamping jaw and the second clamping jaw are arranged outside the rotary table, a limiting space is formed between the first clamping jaw and the second clamping jaw, and the limiting space is opposite to the arc-shaped notch.
The middle part of each limit bolt is provided with two limit nuts 48, the middle parts of the first clamping jaw and the second clamping jaw are respectively provided with a through hole, the diameter of each through hole is larger than that of each limit bolt and smaller than that of each limit nut, and the first clamping jaw and the second clamping jaw are respectively sleeved on one limit nut and are arranged between the corresponding two limit nuts; the middle parts of the first clamping jaw 42 and the second clamping jaw 43 are respectively provided with an arc-shaped bulge 49, and the outer edge surface of the arc-shaped bulge of the first clamping jaw is propped against the outer edge surface of the arc-shaped bulge of the second clamping jaw.
In this embodiment, there is the distance between first clamping jaw, second clamping jaw and the first limiting plate, like this when the cutter is placed, can utilize this distance to carry out spacingly to the cutter, guarantee that all cutters left sides are flush, that is, guarantee the temperature and the normal tool changing of main shaft tool changing time. The arc notch can limit the cutter, and the spring can push the outer sides of the first clamping jaw and the second clamping jaw to approach, namely clamp the cutter.
Through the bellied setting of arc, can be spacing each other like this when first clamping jaw and second clamping jaw pivoted, rotate simultaneously moreover, guarantee the tight quality of clamp to the cutter. When the tool is changed, the main shaft tool is directly clamped from the outer sides of the first clamping jaw, the second clamping jaw and the arc notch, the tool is clamped by the spring, so that the disassembled tool can be limited, when the tool is changed, after the main shaft is connected with the tool, the main shaft moves outwards to drive the tool to separate from the first clamping jaw, the second clamping jaw and the arc notch, namely, the spring is extruded, the outer sides of the first clamping jaw and the second clamping jaw are opened, and the tool is separated conveniently.
Referring to fig. 1 to 4, a garbage collection bucket 50 with an open top is further disposed on the left side of the frame 1, a grip 51 is disposed on the top of the front side and the rear side of the garbage collection bucket, the garbage collection bucket is disposed at the bottom of the left side of the frame, and the garbage collection bucket is disposed below the left side of the workbench.
The recess is the slope structure, the bottom surface of recess from right to left slope downward set up, the bottom of locating bench install in the bottom surface middle part of recess, the left side of recess is equipped with a blanking mouth, be equipped with a slope deflector 13 on the blanking mouth, the slope deflector with the bottom surface parallel arrangement of recess, the left side of slope deflector set up in directly over the garbage collection fill.
In this embodiment, in the course of working the product, the waste material that produces can directly drop in the recess, in order to prevent the accumulation of waste material in the recess, also in order to be convenient for clear up, adopt tilting mechanism's recess bottom surface, set up blanking mouth and slope deflector simultaneously, the waste material can directly fall in the garbage collection fill through the bottom surface and the slope deflector of slope like this, the collection of the waste material of being convenient for, after the garbage collection fill is collected, just can grasp the tongs, take out the garbage collection fill from the frame, carry out unified processing, and is convenient and fast.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a horizontal digit control machine tool which characterized in that: the device comprises a frame, a product placement mechanism, a cutter mechanism and a processing mechanism, wherein the product placement mechanism, the cutter mechanism and the processing mechanism are arranged on the frame, two vertical sliding rails are arranged in the middle of the frame, the vertical sliding rails are arranged on the left sides of the product placement mechanism, the processing mechanism is arranged on the two vertical sliding rails in a sliding manner, the product placement mechanism is arranged on the right side of the frame, the product placement mechanism is arranged below the right side of the processing mechanism, the cutter mechanism is arranged on the frame on the right side of the vertical sliding rails, and the cutter mechanism is arranged above the product placement mechanism; the processing mechanism comprises a bracket, a vertical motor, a main shaft motor and a main shaft, wherein the vertical motor is arranged at the bottom of the frame, the bracket is arranged on two vertical sliding rails in a sliding manner, an output shaft of the vertical motor is connected with the bracket through a vertical screw rod, and the vertical motor drives the bracket to move up and down on the vertical sliding rails through the vertical screw rod; the main shaft motor is arranged on the left side of the bracket, the left side of the main shaft is connected with an output shaft of the main shaft motor, the right side of the main shaft is arranged above the product placing mechanism, and the right side of the main shaft is arranged below the cutter mechanism; the cutter mechanism comprises a rotating motor, a positioning column, a turntable and a plurality of cutter limiting devices which are uniformly distributed on the outer edge surface of the left side of the turntable, a first through hole is formed in the middle of the turntable, the left side of the positioning column is fixedly mounted on the frame, the right side of the positioning column penetrates through the first through hole and is arranged on the right side of the turntable, and the middle of the positioning column is connected with the first through hole through a bearing; the positioning column is of a hollow structure, a cavity is formed in the positioning column, the rotating motor is arranged on the right side of the positioning column, an output shaft of the rotating motor penetrates through the cavity, a notch is formed in the outer edge surface of the positioning column on the left side of the rotating disc and is communicated with the cavity, the output shaft of the rotating motor penetrates through the notch through a connecting mechanism and is connected with the left side surface of the rotating disc, and the rotating motor drives the rotating disc to rotate on the bearing through the connecting mechanism; the product placing mechanism comprises a workbench, a positioning table and a positioning clamp, wherein a groove is formed in the workbench, the bottom of the positioning table is arranged at the bottom of the groove, and the positioning clamp is arranged on the top surface of the positioning table;
the center of the positioning table is provided with a second through hole, a column-shaped positioning block and a first rotating motor are installed in the second through hole, the first rotating motor is installed at the bottom of the second through hole, the top of the column-shaped positioning block is higher than the top surface of the positioning table or is arranged flush with the top surface of the positioning table, an output shaft of the first rotating motor is connected with the bottom of the column-shaped positioning block, and the bottom of the positioning clamp is installed on the top surface of the column-shaped positioning block in a threaded manner;
the positioning fixture comprises a bottom plate and a vertical plate arranged in the middle of the bottom plate, wherein the vertical plate is perpendicular to the bottom plate, the bottom plate is arranged on the column-shaped positioning block, the bottom plates on two sides of the vertical plate are respectively provided with a strip-shaped limiting groove, and two ends of the strip-shaped limiting grooves are communicated with two sides of the bottom plate; a plurality of screw holes are uniformly distributed in each bar-shaped limiting groove, two limiting blocks are connected in the bar-shaped limiting grooves in a screwed mode, each limiting block is connected in one screw hole in a screwed mode through a bolt, and a limiting space is formed between the two limiting blocks;
the cutter limiting device comprises a first limiting plate, a first clamping jaw, a second clamping jaw and a spring, wherein two sides of the middle of the first limiting plate are respectively and tightly mounted on the rotary table through a limiting bolt, an arc-shaped notch is formed in the outer side of the first limiting plate and is arranged on the outer side of the rotary table, and a distance is arranged between the first limiting plate and the rotary table; the first clamping jaw and the second clamping jaw are arranged in the space, the middle part of the first clamping jaw is rotatably arranged on one limit bolt, the middle part of the second clamping jaw is rotatably arranged on the other limit bolt, one end of the spring is connected with the inner side of the first clamping jaw, the other end of the spring is connected with the inner side of the second clamping jaw, the outer sides of the first clamping jaw and the second clamping jaw are arranged outside the turntable, a limit space is formed between the first clamping jaw and the second clamping jaw, and the limit space is opposite to the arc-shaped notch;
the connecting mechanism comprises a group of L-shaped rods, wherein the notch is an arc notch and is arranged below the positioning column, an angle formed between two ends of the arc notch and the center of the positioning column is 180-300 degrees, the L-shaped rods comprise end-to-end cross rods and vertical rods, the cross rods are parallel to the positioning column, one ends of the vertical rods are connected with an output shaft of the rotating motor, the other ends of the vertical rods penetrate through one notch and are arranged outside the positioning column, one ends of the cross rods are connected with the outside of the vertical rods, and the other ends of the cross rods are connected with the left side face of the turntable; the top of reference column still is equipped with the stiffener, the left side of stiffener with the frame links to each other, the right side of stiffener with the bearing links to each other.
2. The horizontal numerical control machine according to claim 1, wherein: the support is characterized in that two transverse sliding rails are further arranged on the support, a transverse motor is arranged on the front side of the support, a sliding plate is arranged on the support, the sliding plates are arranged on the two transverse sliding rails in a sliding mode, and an output shaft of the transverse motor drives the sliding plates to move back and forth on the transverse sliding rails through a transverse screw rod.
3. The horizontal numerical control machine according to claim 2, wherein: the top of slide is equipped with two vertical slide rails, vertical slide rail perpendicular to horizontal slide rail sets up, vertical slide rail perpendicular to the left surface and the right flank of frame set up, spindle motor and main shaft through a mounting panel slidable mounting in on the vertical slide rail, the left side of slide still is equipped with a vertical motor, the output shaft of vertical motor through a vertical screw rod with the mounting panel links to each other, the vertical motor is through vertical screw rod drives the mounting panel is in horizontal movement is carried out on the vertical slide rail.
4. A horizontal numerically-controlled machine tool as set forth in claim 3, wherein: the middle part of each limit bolt is provided with two limit nuts, the middle parts of the first clamping jaw and the second clamping jaw are respectively provided with a through hole, the diameter of each through hole is larger than that of each limit bolt and smaller than that of each limit nut, and the first clamping jaw and the second clamping jaw are respectively sleeved on one limit nut and are arranged between the corresponding two limit nuts; the middle parts of the first clamping jaw and the second clamping jaw are respectively provided with an arc-shaped bulge, and the outer edge surface of the arc-shaped bulge of the first clamping jaw is propped against the outer edge surface of the arc-shaped bulge of the second clamping jaw.
5. The horizontal numerical control machine according to claim 4, wherein: the left side of frame still is equipped with a open-top's garbage collection fill, garbage collection fill's front side and rear side top are equipped with a tongs respectively, garbage collection fill place in the left bottom of frame, garbage collection fill set up in the left side below of workstation.
6. The horizontal numerical control machine according to claim 5, wherein: the utility model discloses a waste collection hopper, including recess, locating platform, recess, inclined guide plate, waste collection hopper, locating platform, inclined guide plate, locating platform, waste collection hopper, recess and inclined structure, the bottom surface of recess is from right to left slope downward setting, the bottom of recess install in the bottom surface middle part of recess, the left side of recess is equipped with a blanking mouth, be equipped with an inclined guide plate on the blanking mouth, inclined guide plate with the bottom surface parallel arrangement of recess, inclined guide plate's left side set up in directly over the waste collection hopper.
CN201810839140.6A 2018-07-27 2018-07-27 Horizontal numerical control machine tool Active CN108857584B (en)

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CN114770183B (en) * 2022-03-26 2022-09-20 冈田精机丹阳有限公司 Linkage type tool magazine tool changing device and tool changing method thereof

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JPH10315077A (en) * 1997-05-23 1998-12-02 Hikosaka Kigi Kk Horizontal type machining center
CN101530967A (en) * 2009-04-20 2009-09-16 严孝诚 Horizontal pentahedral machining center machine tool
JP2011045947A (en) * 2009-08-26 2011-03-10 Howa Mach Ltd Horizontal machining center
CN204711637U (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-10-21 广州市佳速精密机械有限公司 A kind of complete dynamic pillar horizontal machine tool
CN105458805A (en) * 2014-08-08 2016-04-06 沈阳北方特种机床有限公司 Disc type tool changer system of horizontal numerical-control boring and milling machine
CN205341979U (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-06-29 重庆威诺克智能装备股份有限公司 Two -sided horizontal machine tool

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH10315077A (en) * 1997-05-23 1998-12-02 Hikosaka Kigi Kk Horizontal type machining center
CN101530967A (en) * 2009-04-20 2009-09-16 严孝诚 Horizontal pentahedral machining center machine tool
JP2011045947A (en) * 2009-08-26 2011-03-10 Howa Mach Ltd Horizontal machining center
CN105458805A (en) * 2014-08-08 2016-04-06 沈阳北方特种机床有限公司 Disc type tool changer system of horizontal numerical-control boring and milling machine
CN204711637U (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-10-21 广州市佳速精密机械有限公司 A kind of complete dynamic pillar horizontal machine tool
CN205341979U (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-06-29 重庆威诺克智能装备股份有限公司 Two -sided horizontal machine tool

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