CN108798606A - A kind of simulation gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging experimental provision and method - Google Patents

A kind of simulation gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging experimental provision and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108798606A
CN108798606A CN201810560221.2A CN201810560221A CN108798606A CN 108798606 A CN108798606 A CN 108798606A CN 201810560221 A CN201810560221 A CN 201810560221A CN 108798606 A CN108798606 A CN 108798606A
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China
Prior art keywords
ball valve
pressure sensor
pressure
digging
gas
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CN201810560221.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
魏纳
李蜀涛
席永钊
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Southwest Petroleum University
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Southwest Petroleum University
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Priority to CN201810560221.2A priority Critical patent/CN108798606A/en
Publication of CN108798606A publication Critical patent/CN108798606A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B43/00Methods or apparatus for obtaining oil, gas, water, soluble or meltable materials or a slurry of minerals from wells
    • E21B43/01Methods or apparatus for obtaining oil, gas, water, soluble or meltable materials or a slurry of minerals from wells specially adapted for obtaining from underwater installations
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B41/00Equipment or details not covered by groups E21B15/00 - E21B40/00
    • E21B41/0099Equipment or details not covered by groups E21B15/00 - E21B40/00 specially adapted for drilling for or production of natural hydrate or clathrate gas reservoirs; Drilling through or monitoring of formations containing gas hydrates or clathrates
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B47/00Survey of boreholes or wells
    • E21B47/001Survey of boreholes or wells for underwater installation

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of simulation gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging experimental provision and methods, its structure includes simulating hydrate digging module, horizontal segment landwaste separation module, top separation module, gas collection and re-injection module, information collection and Digital Control module 5 modules, the simulating hydrate digging module includes huge tanks, cutting arrangement, smashing device, high pressure pressure-bearing hose, the horizontal segment landwaste separation module includes transport main pipeline and four separator branches, the top separation module includes solid phase recycling can, flowmeter flow container, the gas collection and re-injection module include gas dry case, gas buffer tank, high pressure tank, it includes integrated circuit case that described information, which is acquired with Digital Control module, central control system, terminal control system.The simulation gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging experimental provision is suitable for researching natural gas hydrate solid state fluidizing digging phase migration rule and studies.

Description

A kind of simulation gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging experimental provision and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to gas hydrates solid state fluidizings to exploit field, specially a kind of simulation gas hydrates solid-state Fluidize digging experimental provision and method.
Background technology
Gas hydrates, that is, combustible ice are distributed across in the permafrost of halmeic deposit or land-based area, by natural gas with The crystalline material for the class ice-like that water is formed under the conditions of high pressure low temperature.Because of its appearance as ice and also meet fire be incendivity, institute With also referred to as " combustible ice " or " solid gas " and " gas ice ".It is a solid block object in fact.Gas hydrates exist It is big that nature is widely distributed in continent permafrost, the slope land band on island, the bump pad of activity and passive continental margin, polar region Continental shelf and the deepwater environment of ocean and some inland lakes.In June, 2013 is extra large in Coast of Guangdong Province Eastern Pearl River Mouth Basin to September Domain is bored for the first time obtains high-purity natural gas hydrate sample, and obtains considerable control reserve by drilling.
Existing gas hydrates solid state fluidizing exploitation simulator, can only analog portion gas hydrates digging Journey, and the time of the hydrate generated is long, consuming cost is huge, and not applicable and routinely simulation experiment study, it is difficult to full Foot carries out gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging phase migration rule simulation experiment study.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of simulation gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging experimental provision and method, solutions The problem of having determined proposed in background technology.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following technical solutions:A kind of simulation gas hydrates solid state fluidizing is adopted Experimental provision is dug, structure includes simulating hydrate digging module, horizontal segment landwaste separation module, top separation module, gas Collection and re-injection module, information collection and Digital Control module 5 modules, wherein:The simulating hydrate digging module packet Huge tanks are included, left end places simulating hydrate into sillar inside the huge tanks, and the simulating hydrate is at sillar right end There are cutting arrangement, transport pipeline, smashing device, the smashing device right end to be connected with high pressure pressure-bearing hose;The simulation hydration Object digging module right end is connected with ball valve A, mortar screw pump A, ball valve B, pressure sensor A, flow in turn by transport pipeline Count A;
The horizontal segment landwaste separation module includes ball valve C, separator A, pressure sensor B, pressure gauge A, ball valve D, divides From device B, pressure sensor C, pressure gauge B, ball valve E, separator C, pressure sensor D, pressure gauge C, ball valve F, separator D, pressure Force snesor E, pressure gauge D, the horizontal segment landwaste separation module right end are connected with mortar screw pump in turn by transport pipeline B, pressure sensor F, pressure gauge E, the pressure gauge E upper right side gas pipings are connected with ball-and-seat A, pressure gauge F, pressure sensing Device G, throttle valve A, the throttle valve A upper right side gas piping branch are equipped with throttle valve B, pressure sensor H, pressure gauge G, list Flow valve B;
The top separation module includes separator D, ball valve G, solid phase recycling can, ball valve H, flowmeter B, ball valve I, liquid storage Tank, is connected with transport pipeline each other, and the fluid reservoir right end is connected with ball valve J, water pump, flowmeter in turn by transport pipeline C, pressure sensor I, pressure gauge H, the pressure gauge H are connected with ball valve K, huge tanks successively by pipeline;
The gas collection includes gas dry case, ball valve L, gas buffer tank, pressure sensor J, pressure with re-injection module Power Table I, air compressor, ball valve M, high pressure tank, each other using gas pipeline be connected, the high pressure tank upper end according to It is secondary be connected with throttle valve C, pressure sensor L, flowmeter D, the flowmeter D pass through pipeline and lower left throttle valve A, throttle valve B is connected;
It includes integrated circuit case A, integrated circuit case B, integrated circuit case C that described information, which is acquired with Digital Control module, The integrated circuit case A, integrated circuit case B, integrated circuit case C are connected by signal transmssion line with central control system, described Central control system is connected by signal transmssion line with terminal control system.
Further, gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging experimental provision, the huge tanks are simulated as described above In be loaded with seawater, and there are visualization window A and graduation mark in the huge tanks front, facilitates digging feelings in observation huge tanks Condition and seawater liquid level;
The cutting arrangement, transport pipeline, smashing device are integral machine, are to be equipped with crawler belt below the smashing device And right end is connected with high pressure pressure-bearing hose, can coordinate digging crushing all-in-one machine during broken simulating hydrate is at sillar It tunnels forward.Further, gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging experimental provision is simulated as described above, the ball valve C, is divided It is a branch from device A, pressure sensor B, pressure gauge A, ball valve D, separator B, pressure sensor C, pressure gauge B are a branch Road, ball valve E, separator C, pressure sensor D, pressure gauge C are a branch, ball valve F, separator D, pressure sensor E, pressure Table D is a branch, in parallel with horizontal transport main pipeline respectively, by the switch for controlling ball valve C, ball valve D, ball valve E, ball valve F It can be with the content of the solid phase particles in controlled level pipeline, migration rule of the quantitative analysis solid phase particles in horizontal pipe.
Further, the pressure gauge E right ends horizontal transport Pipe installing has visualization window B, the pressure gauge E right ends Vertical transport pipeline section is equipped with visualization window C, facilitates observation solid phase particles in the transport conditions of horizontal pipe section and vertical section.
Further, simulation gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging experimental provision as described above, on the separator D End is connected by gas line with gas dry case 51, and lower end is connected with ball valve G, solid phase recycling can successively by pipeline, top The gas piping of connection can be with the gas in separate lines and recycling, and the transport pipeline of lower part connection can be with consolidating in purging line Phase particle, and be recovered in solid phase recycling can.
Further, gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging experimental provision, the high-pressure gas are simulated as described above Pressure gauge J arranged at tank top, and pressure sensor K arranged at lower part, and right end is connected with Air pressure compensation tank, and the pressure compensation tank can be with The gas pressure in high pressure tank is adjusted, it is convenient that stable gas pressure is provided for gas piping.
Further, simulation gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging experimental provision as described above, the smashing device, Ball valve A, ball valve K, ball valve B, pressure sensor A, flowmeter A, ball valve C, pressure sensor B, ball valve D, pressure sensor C, ball Valve E, pressure sensor D, ball valve F, pressure sensor E, pressure sensor F pass through signal transmssion line and integrated circuit case A phases Even, the pressure sensor G, throttle valve A, throttle valve B, pressure sensor H pass through signal transmssion line and integrated circuit case B phases Even, the ball valve G, ball valve L, pressure sensor J, ball valve I, ball valve M, ball valve J, flowmeter C, pressure sensor I, pressure sensing Device K, throttle valve C, pressure sensor L are connected by signal transmssion line with integrated circuit case C, convenient long-range monitoring pressure and control Valve switch.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows:
1. the simulation gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging experimental provision, passes through the simulation water being arranged in huge tanks The driving and smashing device of cutting arrangement in solid state fluidizing recovery process can be simulated at sillar and digging, smashing device etc. by closing object Fragmentation process.2. the simulation gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging experimental provision, by being connected in parallel on horizontal transport pipeline The number of solid concentration in controlled level transport pipeline, quantitative analysis hydrate solid may be implemented in four separator branches Migration rule of the grain in horizontal pipe section.
3. the simulation gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging experimental provision, may be implemented to transport by top separation module The defeated fluid-mixing to come up detaches and distinguishes centralized collection, the seawater separated can be passed through pipeline re-injection again by water pump Into huge tanks.4. the simulation gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging experimental provision, passes through gas collection and re-injection module Can be by the gas flow of throttle valve control Injection Level transport pipeline and vertical transport pipe, simulating hydrate is in difference point The migration rule of lower the horizontal transport pipeline and vertical transport pipe of solution degree.Meanwhile mating information collection is controlled with digitlization Intelligent control experiment flow may be implemented in molding block.
Description of the drawings
Upon reading the detailed description of non-limiting embodiments with reference to the following drawings, other feature of the invention, Objects and advantages will become more apparent upon:
Fig. 1 is a kind of overall structure figure of simulation gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging experimental provision of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is tank parts details structure drawing of device of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the horizontal and vertical pipeline visualization structure figure of the present invention;
In figure:Huge tanks -1, simulating hydrate at sillar -2, cutting arrangement -3, transport pipeline -4, smashing device -5, High pressure pressure-bearing hose -6, ball valve A-7, mortar screw pump A-8, ball valve B-9, pressure sensor A-11, flowmeter A-10, ball valve C- 12, separator A-13, pressure sensor B-14, pressure gauge A-15, ball valve D-16, separator B-17, pressure sensor C-19, pressure Power table B-18, ball valve E-20, separator C-21, pressure sensor D-22, pressure gauge C-23, ball valve F-24, separator D-26, Pressure sensor E-25, pressure gauge D-27, mortar screw pump B-28, pressure sensor F-29, pressure gauge E-30, ball-and-seat A- 31, pressure gauge F-32, pressure sensor G-33, throttle valve A -34, throttle valve B-35, pressure sensor H-36, pressure gauge G-37, Ball-and-seat B-38, separator D-39, ball valve G-40, solid phase recycling can -41, ball valve H-42, flowmeter B-43, ball valve I-44, storage Flow container -45, ball valve J-46, water pump -47, flowmeter C-48, pressure sensor I-49, pressure gauge H-50, gas dry case -51, Ball valve L-52, gas buffer tank -53, pressure sensor J-55, pressure gauge I-54, air compressor -56, ball valve M-57, high pressure Air accumulator -58, pressure sensor K-59, pressure gauge J-60, pressure compensation tank -61, throttle valve C-62, pressure sensor L-63, Flowmeter D-64, ball valve K-65, integrated circuit case A-66, integrated circuit case B-67, integrated circuit case C-68, center control system System -69, terminal control system -70, crawler belt -71, visualization window A-72, visualization window B-73, visualization window C-74。
Specific implementation mode
To make the technical means, the creative features, the aims and the efficiencies achieved by the present invention be easy to understand, with reference to Specific implementation mode, the present invention is further explained.
- 3 are please referred to Fig.1, the present invention provides a kind of technical solution:A kind of simulation gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging is real Experiment device, structure include simulating hydrate digging module, horizontal segment landwaste separation module, top separation module, gas collection With re-injection module, information collection and Digital Control module 5 modules, wherein:The simulating hydrate digging module includes big Type water tank 1,1 inside left end of the huge tanks place simulating hydrate into sillar 2, and the simulating hydrate is at 2 right end of sillar There are cutting arrangement 3, transport pipeline 4, smashing device 5,5 right end of the smashing device to be connected with high pressure pressure-bearing hose 6, the simulation Hydrate digging module right end is connected with ball valve A7, mortar screw pump A8, ball valve B9, pressure sensor in turn by transport pipeline A11, flowmeter A10;
The horizontal segment landwaste separation module include ball valve C12, separator A13, pressure sensor B14, pressure gauge A15, Ball valve D16, separator B17, pressure sensor C19, pressure gauge B18, ball valve E20, separator C21, pressure sensor D22, pressure Power table C23, ball valve F24, separator D26, pressure sensor E25, pressure gauge D27, the horizontal segment landwaste separation module right end It is connected with mortar screw pump B28, pressure sensor F29, pressure gauge E30, the pressure gauge E30 upper rights in turn by transport pipeline End gas piping is connected with ball-and-seat A31, pressure gauge F32, pressure sensor G33, throttle valve A 34, and the throttle valve A 34 is right Upper end gas piping branch is equipped with throttle valve B35, pressure sensor H36, pressure gauge G37, ball-and-seat B38;
The top separation module include separator D39, ball valve G40, solid phase recycling can 41, ball valve H42, flowmeter B43, Ball valve I44, fluid reservoir 45, are connected with transport pipeline each other, and 45 right end of the fluid reservoir is connected in turn by transport pipeline Ball valve J46, water pump 47, flowmeter C48, pressure sensor I49, pressure gauge H50, the pressure gauge H50 by pipeline successively with Ball valve K65, huge tanks 1 are connected;
The gas collection and re-injection module include gas dry case 51, ball valve L52, gas buffer tank 53, pressure sensing Device J55, pressure gauge I54, air compressor 56, ball valve M57, high pressure tank 58 are connected using gas pipeline each other, described 58 upper end of high pressure tank is connected with throttle valve C62, pressure sensor L63, flowmeter D64 in turn, and the flowmeter D64 passes through Pipeline is connected with lower left throttle valve A 34, throttle valve B35;
It includes integrated circuit case A66, integrated circuit case B67, integrated circuit that described information, which is acquired with Digital Control module, Case C68, the integrated circuit case A66, integrated circuit case B67, integrated circuit case C68 are by signal transmssion line and center control System 69 is connected, and the central control system 69 is connected by signal transmssion line with terminal control system 70.
Referring to Fig. 2, simulating gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging experimental provision, the huge tanks as described above It is loaded with seawater in 1, and there are visualization window A72 and graduation mark in 1 front of the huge tanks, facilitates in observation huge tanks 1 Digging situation and seawater liquid level;
The cutting arrangement 3, transport pipeline 4, smashing device 5 are integral machine, and 5 lower section of the smashing device is to be equipped with Crawler belt 71 and right end are connected with high pressure pressure-bearing hose 6, can coordinate digging crushing all-in-one machine in broken simulating hydrate at sillar It is tunneled forward during 2.
Referring to Fig. 1, gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging experimental provision is simulated as described above, the ball valve C12, Separator A13, pressure sensor B14, pressure gauge A15 be a branch, ball valve D16, separator B17, pressure sensor C19, Pressure gauge B18 is a branch, and ball valve E20, separator C21, pressure sensor D22, pressure gauge C23 are a branch, ball valve F24, separator D26, pressure sensor E25, pressure gauge D27 are a branch, in parallel with horizontal transport main pipeline respectively, are passed through Control ball valve C12, ball valve D16, ball valve E20, ball valve F24 switch can with the content of the solid phase particles in controlled level pipeline, Migration rule of the quantitative analysis solid phase particles in horizontal pipe.
Referring to Fig. 3, the pressure gauge E30 right ends horizontal transport Pipe installing has visualization window B73, the pressure gauge E30 right end vertical transport pipeline sections are equipped with visualization window C74, facilitate observation solid phase particles in horizontal pipe section and vertical section Transport conditions.Referring to Fig. 1, simulating gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging experimental provision, the separator as described above The upper ends D39 are connected by gas line with gas dry case 51, lower end by pipeline successively with ball valve G40, solid phase recycling can 41 It is connected, the gas piping of top connection can be excluded with the gas in separate lines and recycling, the transport pipeline of lower part connection Solid phase particles in pipeline, and be recovered in solid phase recycling can 41.
Referring to Fig. 1, simulating gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging experimental provision, the high-pressure gas as described above 58 top of tank has pressure gauge J60, lower part to have pressure sensor K59, right end to be connected with Air pressure compensation tank 61, and the pressure is mended Gas pressure in high pressure tank 58 can be adjusted by repaying tank 61, convenient that stable gas pressure is provided for gas piping.
Referring to Fig. 1, simulating gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging experimental provision, the smashing device as described above 5, ball valve A7, ball valve K65, ball valve B9, pressure sensor A11, flowmeter A10, ball valve C12, pressure sensor B14, ball valve D16, pressure sensor C19, ball valve E20, pressure sensor D22, ball valve F24, pressure sensor E25, pressure sensor F29 It is connected with integrated circuit case A66 by signal transmssion line, the pressure sensor G33, throttle valve A 34, throttle valve B35, pressure Sensor H36 is connected by signal transmssion line with integrated circuit case B67, the ball valve G40, ball valve L52, pressure sensor J55, Ball valve I44, ball valve M57, ball valve J46, flowmeter C48, pressure sensor I49, pressure sensor K59, throttle valve C62, pressure Sensor L63 is connected by signal transmssion line with integrated circuit case C68, convenient long-range monitoring pressure and control valve switch.
A kind of simulation gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging experimental provision of the present invention starts 3 He of cutting arrangement Breaker 5, under the promotion of crawler belt 71, the constantly broken simulating hydrate sillar 2 of cutting arrangement 3 is transported by transport pipeline 4 Be crushed again to breaker 5, by high pressure pressure-bearing hose 6 enter horizontal pipe, into pipeline mixture in mortar screw rod It is pumped to horizontal pipe under the action of pump A8, by flowmeter A metering pumping fluids, by adjusting separator A13, separator The corresponding ball valve C12 of B17, separator C21, separator D26, ball valve D16, ball valve E20, ball valve F24 switch can adjust water Solid concentration in flat pipeline, and it is pumped to by mortar screw pump B28 the horizontal transport pipeline section and vertical transport pipeline section of right, Gas-liquid-solid fluid-mixing is completely separated by the mixing liquid of vertical section transport by separator D39, and solid phase particles pass through ball valve G40 is transported to solid phase recycling can 41, and liquid phase seawater passes sequentially through ball valve H42, flowmeter B43, ball valve I44 and enters fluid reservoir 45, Then by ball valve J46, huge tanks 1 is recycled by flowmeter C48, ball valve K65 by water pump 47, are detached by separator D39 The gas gone out enters gas buffer tank 53, then by air compressor 56 via ball by gas dry case 51, ball valve L52 Valve M57 enters high pressure tank 58, and under the action of pressure compensation tank 61, the gas in high pressure tank 58 is via throttle valve C62, flowmeter D64 are transported by gas piping to throttle valve A 34, throttle valve B35, by adjusting throttle valve A 34, throttle valve The aperture of B35 can control the gas into horizontal transport pipeline and vertical transport pipe, and simulation gas hydrates are in difference Under degree of decomposition in pipeline mixture transport conditions, wherein ball-and-seat A-31, ball-and-seat B-38 can be prevented due in pipeline Air pressure too small fluid-mixing in transport pipeline is caused to enter gas pipeline.
The huge tanks 1 of the present invention, simulating hydrate are at sillar 2, cutting arrangement 3, transport pipeline 4, smashing device 5, high Press pressure-bearing hose 6, ball valve A7, mortar screw pump A8, ball valve B9, pressure sensor A11, flowmeter A10, ball valve C12, separator A13, pressure sensor B14, pressure gauge A15, ball valve D16, separator B17, pressure sensor C19, pressure gauge B18, ball valve E20, separator C21, pressure sensor D22, pressure gauge C23, ball valve F24, separator D26, pressure sensor E25, pressure gauge D27, mortar screw pump B28, pressure sensor F29, pressure gauge E30, ball-and-seat A31, pressure gauge F32, pressure sensor G33, Throttle valve A 34, throttle valve B35, pressure sensor H36, pressure gauge G37, ball-and-seat B38, separator D39, ball valve G40, solid phase Recycling can 41, ball valve H42, flowmeter B43, ball valve I44, fluid reservoir 45, ball valve J46, water pump 47, flowmeter C48, pressure pass Sensor I49, pressure gauge H50, gas dry case 51, ball valve L52, gas buffer tank 53, pressure sensor J55, pressure gauge I54, Air compressor 56, ball valve M57, high pressure tank 58, pressure sensor K59, pressure gauge J60, pressure compensation tank 61, throttle valve C62, pressure sensor L63, flowmeter D64, ball valve K65, integrated circuit case A66, integrated circuit case B67, integrated circuit case C68, central control system 69, terminal control system 70, crawler belt 71, visualization window A72, visualization window B73, can Depending on changing window C74, component is universal standard part or the component that those skilled in the art know, structure and principle are all this skill Art personnel can learn by technical manual or know by routine experiment method that problems solved by the invention is existing natural gas Hydrate solid state fluidizing exploitation simulator cannot effectively simulate solid state fluidizing exploitation overall process migration dynamic, inconvenient to use, The generation simulating hydrate time is long, and experimental cost is higher, it is difficult to meet the simulated experiment process that routinizes, the present invention is by setting The visualization window set effectively can observe and record huge tanks, in transport pipeline fluid-mixing transport conditions, the present invention It may be implemented by the control circuit of sensor and various valves on pipeline by being combined with each other for above-mentioned component The automatic management and control of simulator, it is simple to operate.
The above shows and describes the basic principles and main features of the present invention and the advantages of the present invention, for this field skill For art personnel, it is clear that invention is not limited to the details of the above exemplary embodiments, and without departing substantially from the present invention spirit or In the case of essential characteristic, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, in all respects, should all incite somebody to action Embodiment regards exemplary as, and is non-limiting, the scope of the present invention by appended claims rather than on state Bright restriction, it is intended that including all changes that come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims in the present invention It is interior.Any reference signs in the claims should not be construed as limiting the involved claims.
In addition, it should be understood that although this specification is described in terms of embodiments, but not each embodiment is only wrapped Containing an independent technical solution, this description of the specification is merely for the sake of clarity, and those skilled in the art should It considers the specification as a whole, the technical solutions in the various embodiments may also be suitably combined, forms those skilled in the art The other embodiment being appreciated that.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of simulation gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging experimental provision and method, structure include simulating hydrate digging Module, horizontal segment landwaste separation module, top separation module, gas collection and re-injection module, information collection and Digital Control Module 5 modules, it is characterised in that:The simulating hydrate digging module includes huge tanks (1), the huge tanks (1) Internal left end places simulating hydrate at sillar (2), and the simulating hydrate has cutting arrangement (3), transport at sillar (2) right end Pipeline (4), smashing device (5), smashing device (5) right end are connected with high pressure pressure-bearing hose (6), and the simulating hydrate is adopted Pick module right end is connected with ball valve A (7), mortar screw pump A (8), ball valve B (9), pressure sensor A in turn by transport pipeline (11), (10) flowmeter A;
The horizontal segment landwaste separation module includes ball valve C (12), separator A (13), pressure sensor B (14), pressure gauge A (15), ball valve D (16), separator B (17), pressure sensor C (19), pressure gauge B (18), ball valve E (20), separator C (21), Pressure sensor D (22), pressure gauge C (23), ball valve F (24), separator D (26), pressure sensor E (25), pressure gauge D (27), the horizontal segment landwaste separation module right end is connected with mortar screw pump B (28), pressure sensing in turn by transport pipeline Device F (29), pressure gauge E (30), pressure gauge E (30) the upper right side gas piping are connected with ball-and-seat A (31), pressure gauge F (32), pressure sensor G (33), throttle valve A (34), throttle valve A (34) the upper right side gas piping branch are equipped with throttling Valve B (35), pressure sensor H (36), pressure gauge G (37), ball-and-seat B (38);
The top separation module includes separator D (39), ball valve G (40), solid phase recycling can (41), ball valve H (42), flowmeter B (43), ball valve I (44), fluid reservoir (45), are connected with transport pipeline each other, and fluid reservoir (45) right end passes through delivery tube Road is connected with ball valve J (46), water pump (47), flowmeter C (48), pressure sensor I (49), pressure gauge H (50), the pressure in turn Power table H (50) is connected with ball valve K (65), huge tanks (1) successively by pipeline;
The gas collection includes gas dry case (51), ball valve L (52), gas buffer tank (53), pressure biography with re-injection module Sensor J (55), pressure gauge I (54), air compressor (56), ball valve M (57), high pressure tank (58) use gas each other Pipeline is connected, and high pressure tank (58) upper end is connected with throttle valve C (62), pressure sensor L (63), flowmeter D in turn (64), the flowmeter D (64) is connected by pipeline with lower left throttle valve A (34), throttle valve B (35);
It includes integrated circuit case A (66), integrated circuit case B (67), integrated circuit that described information, which is acquired with Digital Control module, Case C (68), the integrated circuit case A (66), integrated circuit case B (67), integrated circuit case C (68) are by signal transmssion line in Control system (69) is entreated to be connected, the central control system (69) passes through signal transmssion line and terminal control system (70) It is connected.
2. a kind of simulation gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging experimental provision according to claim 1 and method, special Sign is:Seawater is loaded in the huge tanks (1), and there is visualization window A (72) in the huge tanks (1) front and carves Spend line;
The cutting arrangement (3), transport pipeline (4), smashing device (5) are integral machine, are installed below the smashing device (5) There are crawler belt (71) and right end to be connected with high pressure pressure-bearing hose (6).
3. a kind of simulation gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging experimental provision according to claim 1 and method, special Sign is:The ball valve C (12), separator A (13), pressure sensor B (14), pressure gauge A (15) are connected by transport pipeline, Ball valve D (16), separator B (17), pressure sensor C (19), pressure gauge B (18) are connected by transport pipeline, ball valve E (20), Separator C (21), pressure sensor D (22), pressure gauge C (23) are connected by transport pipeline, ball valve F (24), separator D (26), pressure sensor E (25), pressure gauge D (27) are connected by transport pipeline, and in parallel with horizontal transport main pipeline respectively.
4. a kind of simulation gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging experimental provision according to claim 1 and method, special Sign is:Pressure gauge E (30) the right end horizontal transport Pipe installing has visualization window B (73), the pressure gauge E (30) right End vertical transport pipeline section is equipped with visualization window C (74).
5. a kind of simulation gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging experimental provision according to claim 1 and method, special Sign is:(39) upper ends separator D are connected by gas line with gas dry case (51), lower end by pipeline successively with Ball valve G (40), solid phase recycling can (41) are connected.
6. a kind of simulation gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging experimental provision according to claim 1 and method, special Sign is:High pressure tank (58) top has pressure gauge J (60), lower part to have pressure sensor K (59), and right end is connected with gas Body pressure compensation tank (61).
7. a kind of simulation gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging experimental provision according to claim 1 and method, special Sign is:The smashing device (5), ball valve A (7), ball valve K (65), ball valve B (9), pressure sensor A (11), flowmeter A (10), ball valve C (12), pressure sensor B (14), ball valve D (16), pressure sensor C (19), ball valve E (20), pressure sensor D (22), ball valve F (24), pressure sensor E (25), pressure sensor F (29) pass through signal transmssion line and integrated circuit case A (66) it is connected, the pressure sensor G (33), throttle valve A (34), throttle valve B (35), pressure sensor H (36) pass through signal Transmission line is connected with integrated circuit case B (67), the ball valve G (40), ball valve L (52), pressure sensor J (55), ball valve I (44), ball valve M (57), ball valve J (46), flowmeter C (48), pressure sensor I (49), pressure sensor K (59), throttle valve C (62), pressure sensor L (63) is connected by signal transmssion line with integrated circuit case C (68).
CN201810560221.2A 2018-06-03 2018-06-03 A kind of simulation gas hydrates solid state fluidizing digging experimental provision and method Pending CN108798606A (en)

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CN113622875A (en) * 2021-08-16 2021-11-09 南方海洋科学与工程广东省实验室(湛江) Natural gas hydrate solid fluidization excavation cavity flow field simulation device and experimental method

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CN109184658A (en) * 2018-11-25 2019-01-11 西南石油大学 A kind of biasing symmetric parallel formula sea-bottom shallow gas hydrates in-situ separating device
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CN109707377A (en) * 2019-01-28 2019-05-03 中国地质大学(武汉) Hydrate exploitation reservoir response and integrated simulation experiment system and method for shaking out
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CN110374556A (en) * 2019-07-16 2019-10-25 大连理工大学 Gas hydrate exploitation device with reservoir multilayer position pressure compensation
CN111879912A (en) * 2020-08-05 2020-11-03 中国海洋石油集团有限公司 Experimental device and method for monitoring secondary generation of drilling and production natural gas hydrate
CN111879912B (en) * 2020-08-05 2023-02-21 中国海洋石油集团有限公司 Experimental device and method for monitoring secondary generation of drilling and production natural gas hydrate
CN112610195A (en) * 2020-12-03 2021-04-06 中海油田服务股份有限公司 Experimental device and method for physically simulating energy supplement in heavy oil thermal recovery
CN112610195B (en) * 2020-12-03 2022-09-06 中海油田服务股份有限公司 Experimental device and method for physically simulating energy supplement in heavy oil thermal recovery
CN113622875A (en) * 2021-08-16 2021-11-09 南方海洋科学与工程广东省实验室(湛江) Natural gas hydrate solid fluidization excavation cavity flow field simulation device and experimental method

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