CN108757289A - A kind of comprehensive integration generating device using maritime renewable energy - Google Patents

A kind of comprehensive integration generating device using maritime renewable energy Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108757289A
CN108757289A CN201810515157.6A CN201810515157A CN108757289A CN 108757289 A CN108757289 A CN 108757289A CN 201810515157 A CN201810515157 A CN 201810515157A CN 108757289 A CN108757289 A CN 108757289A
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China
Prior art keywords
energy
thermal
solar
fuel cell
chimney
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CN201810515157.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
程鹏
韩孝乾
兰海
赫彬
王鸣迪
刘阔
王晓超
成倩
李睿烨
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Harbin Engineering University
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Harbin Engineering University
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Priority to CN201810515157.6A priority Critical patent/CN108757289A/en
Publication of CN108757289A publication Critical patent/CN108757289A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B13/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates
    • F03B13/12Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy
    • F03B13/14Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy using wave energy
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/007Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations the wind motor being combined with means for converting solar radiation into useful energy
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/008Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations the wind motor being combined with water energy converters, e.g. a water turbine
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/10Combinations of wind motors with apparatus storing energy
    • F03D9/11Combinations of wind motors with apparatus storing energy storing electrical energy
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03GSPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS; MECHANICAL-POWER PRODUCING DEVICES OR MECHANISMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR OR USING ENERGY SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03G6/00Devices for producing mechanical power from solar energy
    • F03G6/001Devices for producing mechanical power from solar energy having photovoltaic cells
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03GSPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS; MECHANICAL-POWER PRODUCING DEVICES OR MECHANISMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR OR USING ENERGY SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03G6/00Devices for producing mechanical power from solar energy
    • F03G6/06Devices for producing mechanical power from solar energy with means for concentrating solar rays
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S10/00PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power
    • H02S10/10PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power including a supplementary source of electric power, e.g. hybrid diesel-PV energy systems
    • H02S10/12Hybrid wind-PV energy systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/30Energy from the sea, e.g. using wave energy or salinity gradient
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/46Conversion of thermal power into mechanical power, e.g. Rankine, Stirling or solar thermal engines
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/30Systems combining energy storage with energy generation of non-fossil origin

Abstract

A kind of synthesis of floatation type uses the integration generating device of maritime renewable energy, relates to the use of the method and device field of solar chimney hot airflow power generation, wind-power electricity generation, energy by ocean current power generation, solar energy power generating and fuel cell power generation.The present apparatus includes energy by ocean current generating set, column body, podium level, thermal-arrest canopy, solar chimney, vertical shaft fan.The present apparatus can realize that multiple renewable energy sources synthesis uses, and has the following advantages:1 column body is combined with energy by ocean current generating set, is conducive to stablizing for energy by ocean current and is utilized, saves the cost for building energy by ocean current power generating equipment;The power generation of 2 solar chimneys is combined with wind-power electricity generation, and two kinds of forms complement one another, and saves the cost for building wind power tower;The power generation of 3 solar chimneys is combined with fuel cell cogeneration, is both economized on resources, and is improved the efficiency of fuel cell, and promote the heating speed of air, is reduced the area of solar chimney power generation and heat collection canopy.

Description

A kind of comprehensive integration generating device using maritime renewable energy
Technical field
Solar chimney hot airflow power generation, wind-power electricity generation, energy by ocean current power generation, photovoltaic are utilized the invention belongs to a kind of The method and device field of power generation and fuel cell power generation, and in particular to a kind of floatation type is integrated using marine renewable energy The integration generating device in source.
Background technology
With economic continuous development, the problems such as energy consumption is serious, climate warming, environmental pollution, energy shortage, is more Sternness, in face of lot of challenges, regenerative resource is greatly developed in countries in the world all perfectly in harmonyly.China possesses very long seashore Line and wide ocean area, this using regenerative resources such as wind energy on the sea, wave energy, solar energy just to provide possibility.
Solar chimney power generation is also known as solar heat air-flow power generation, and the power generation of traditional solar chimney is using open Light thermal-arrest canopy collects solar radiation, after thermal-arrest temperature of shed increases, the temperature difference is formed with chimney top Cryogenic air, by chimney Draft acts on the thermal current to form rising.Simultaneously because thermal current flows up and causes to form negative pressure in thermal-arrest canopy in thermal-arrest canopy, The air of the outer ground atmospheric pressure of canopy inside and outside differential pressure promotion thermal-arrest canopy flows through the inlet channel of canopy surrounding to thermal-arrest canopy central bus, most It is discharged afterwards by chimney top, arranges that wind turbine generator group, thermal current push wind turbine blades in chimney bottom, Form hot airflow power generation.German professor Schlaich in 1978 proposes solar chimney generation technology, nineteen eighty-two Germany and western class Tooth cooperative construction First solar heat air-flow power generation prototype power station, the research of solar heat air-flow power generation at present are only limitted to land The research on ground, marine solar chimney also rarely has people to set foot in.Night hot stream temperature reduces, and generated energy reduction is terrestrial solar energy One of the shortcomings that chimney generation, and daily temperature range is small on sea, seawater is equivalent to the solar energy that heat-retaining mass absorbs daytime Heat storage get up, therefore compared to land, the temperature on sea declines at night less, if so solar chimney is sent out The shortcomings that electricity applied to that on sea, will overcome terrestrial solar energy chimney generation to a certain extent.
Wind-power electricity generation is green energy resource technology with fastest developing speed in the world, with the development of land wind generating technology, people The problems such as having been noted that land wind-power electricity generation there are land occupation, noise pollutions.More due to offshore wind energy resource reserves Abundant and stable, wind-power electricity generation is turned to ocean by people by land.Oversea wind power generation is divided into bottom according to the difference of fixed form Portion's fixed offshore wind-power electricity generation and floatation type Oversea wind power generation, fixed offshore wind-powered electricity generation are suitable for phytal zone, floatation type sea Upper wind-powered electricity generation is more suitable for deep water sea area.Floatation type Oversea wind power generation can divide according to the classification of the design form of floatation type basic platform For tension leg platform (TLP), semisubmersible platform and Spar Platform.
Energy by ocean current power generation is mainly using the seawater kinetic energy power generation of sea lower stable flowing, it is with tidal power class Seemingly, only the operating position of ocean current energy generator is located at deeper seawater.The generation of ocean current is primarily due to the sun to sea The convection phenomena that face irradiation difference or seawater salinity unevenness generate, it is a kind of relatively stable seawater stream in ocean and straits It is dynamic, carry huge energy.Currently, energy by ocean current power generation has oar blade type, conduit turbine type, floating drum underwater windmill, underwater kite Deng.
Fuel cell (Fuel Cell) is a kind of power generator that chemical energy is converted into electric energy, fuel cell There are many type, according to the difference of its electrolyte, can be divided into alkaline fuel cell (AFC), phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC), melting Carbonate fuel battery (MCFC), solid-oxide fuel cell (SOFC) and Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFC).Due to The working efficiency of fuel cell is between 40%-60%, so to there is the energy of 40%-60% to be consumed in the form of thermal energy.It removes Except this, the pile operating temperature of fuel cell is about at 65 DEG C or so, in order to which the UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN of fuel cell is got up, simultaneously Also for making fuel cell be maintained at a suitable reaction temperature, consider that generation will be reacted in fuel cell catalyst combustion chamber Hot steam recycle, in conjunction with solar chimney carry out waste-heat power generation.
Patent CN200820047332.5 discloses a kind of funnel-shaped solar energy and wind energy integrated generating set, device master The composite structure for taking the wind power generating set of solar water heater, chimney bearing and holder top, utilizes solar water Device heats air, and enhancing ascending air speed pushes multiple wind energy conversion systems rotation in chimney holder to generate electricity, while chimney holder External wind generating set is installed and captures external wind in top.But the device is only wind-power electricity generation and solar heat air-flow hair The simple addition of electricity, not by the complementary combination of both wind energy and hot airflow power generation.
Patent CN201620757377.6 discloses the power generation dress of a kind of combined solar chimney, ventilation blower and wind energy conversion system It sets, the device is other than using thermal-arrest canopy, chimney and the turbine in traditional solar chimney power generation, also in chimney top port Place adds a ventilation blower, the external wind energy conversion system of ventilation blower, after extraneous wind blows wind energy conversion system, can drive the logical of chimney top Wind turbine rotates, and can play the role of, by thermal current extraction inside chimney, accelerating air flow rate.But this patent is not too The combination of positive energy chimney generation and wind-power electricity generation, wind-force are intended merely as the power source of ventilation blower.
Patent 201510227545.0 discloses a kind of electricity generation system of wind energy-wave energy-energy by ocean current one, which adopts With single-column tower, fixed supporting form, tower are fixed on sea bed vertically vertically, install ocean current respectively tower is bottom-up It can electricity generation system, Wave energy generating system and wind power generation system.Three kinds of forms of electricity generation have only been carried out letter by the electricity generation system It is single-phase to add, the complementarity of a variety of generations of electricity by new energy is not embodied, without the forms of electricity generation using solar chimney yet.
In conclusion there are no the comprehensive profits for occurring integrating all maritime renewable energy forms of electricity generation so far With platform, the object of the invention seeks to design a kind of collection solar chimney hot airflow power generation, wind-power electricity generation, energy by ocean current power generation, too Positive energy photovoltaic generation, fuel cell power generation are in the marine float formula integration generating device of one.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of synthesis of floatation type use maritime renewable energy integration generating device, Realize the comprehensive hair utilization to solar energy, wind energy, energy by ocean current, Hydrogen Energy on ocean.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides the integrated power generation that a kind of synthesis of floatation type uses maritime renewable energy Device, the device use Spar Platform, remaining equipment all installation combinations on the platform, mainly by energy by ocean current generating set 3, column body 1, podium level 7, thermal-arrest canopy 19, solar chimney 22, the composition of vertical shaft fan 36.Energy by ocean current generating set 3 is located at The bottom of column body 1 absorbs ocean current kinetic energy, and solar chimney 22 is mounted on the podium level 7 of column raft, is utilized 11 waste-heat air of solar thermal collector 24 and fuel cell pushes the lower part turbine generation unit 29 in chimney and top whirlpool Turbine generator group 30 generates electricity.Disk permanent magnet generator 37 is located on solar chimney 22, while utilizing wind energy and the sun Thermal energy continuously generates electricity round the clock, realizes two kinds of energy complementations.Whole system realizes the synthesis to multiple renewable energy sources on ocean It utilizes.
The energy by ocean current generating set 3 pushes its hydraulic turbine 4 to rotate by ocean current, and energy by ocean current generating set 3 uses Bidirectionally symmetric structure, both forward and reverse directions flow can push the hydraulic turbine 4 to generate electricity.Energy by ocean current generating set 3 is mounted on column body 1 Bottom can very easily obtain the energy by ocean current of the stabilization of certain depth under sea.The electricity that energy by ocean current generating set 3 is sent out It is transformed to amplitude by power-converting device group 6 and transformer group 18, the sinusoidal ac of frequency stabilization is transported to the big electricity in bank Net or the ocean platform micro-capacitance sensor closed on.
1 main body of column body of the column raft is closed cylindrical structure, wherein 1 upper end of column body For hollow or filling materials of low density, platform overall buoyancy is provided;1 lower end of column body be ballast box, be added ballast seawater or Person's high density Solid Ballast object reduces platform center of gravity, so that its center of gravity is less than centre of buoyancy, ensures the stability of whole device.Column body 1 The anchoring system that the upper catenary mooring line 2 being tensioned by more half forms controls the displacement in its horizontal direction.
The podium level 7 of the column raft is located at the top of column body 1, which includes seawater electrolysis pond 8, electricity Solve pond seawater inlet valve 10, hydrogen container 9, fuel cell 11, fuel cell hydrogen entrance 12, fuel cell air inlet 13, combustion Expect battery heat exchanger 14, fuel cell cooling tube 15, fuel cell cooling tube inlet valve 16, control centre 17, accumulator 5, electricity Force conversion system group 6, transformer group 18.
The thermal-arrest canopy 19 is located at the top of podium level 7, and main function is the air heated in canopy.To keep in canopy Temperature, it is one layer of heat preservation material 20 not make heat loss, the innermost layer of thermal-arrest canopy 19 and bottom surface.The second layer is steel support structure 21, it is linked together with the solar chimney 22 of steel, plays the role of the entire superstructure of support.In addition, there is a circle in canopy Steel support frame 23 plays the role of increasing by 19 enabling capabilities of thermal-arrest canopy.Third layer is solar thermal collector 24, and the layer is using too It is positive can flat plate collector, under the premise of seawater inlet valve 25 is opened, 26 extracting seawater of suction pump enters heat collector 24, when daytime Solar energy can be acquired, the interior energy for converting solar energy into water in heat collector 24 stores, and the water after heating enters in thermal-arrest canopy Heat circulation pipe 27 few heat circulation pipe is only depicted in Fig. 1 since space is limited, there are many quantity of practical heat circulation pipe, Air enters thermal-arrest canopy 19 by multiple air admission holes 28 on thermal-arrest canopy, gradually heats up under the heat effect of heat circulation pipe 27, too Sun can be converted into the interior energy of air, and under stack effect, hot-air rises flowing, and air internal energy is converted into kinetic energy, thermal-arrest canopy 19 Interior thermal current is continuously retracted to by solar chimney 22 outside chimney, and turbine generation unit wheel rotation is pushed, into And disk permanent magnet generator 37 is driven to generate electricity, aerodynamic energy is converted into electric energy.In addition, also having heat storage can 31, temperature in thermal-arrest canopy When relatively low, the water in solar thermal collector 24 is in heated condition, and the first valve 32 is opened, and closes the second valve 33 and the Three valves 34 close 32 He of the first valve when control centre 17 detects that water temperature height is to certain value in solar thermal collector 24 Third valve 34 opens the second valve 33, and the higher water of temperature is flowed into heat storage can 31, stored, when enter night or When the continuous cloudy day, the hot water in heat storage can 31 continues to heat the air in thermal-arrest canopy 19 as standby heat source, keeps thermal-arrest Temperature in canopy 19 enables solar chimney to continue to generate electricity.The electric energy that generator is sent out passes through power-converting device group 6 and transformation It is i.e. exportable that device group 18 is transformed to stable sinusoidal voltage.
The solar chimney 22 is located in the geometric center lines of whole device, as solar chimney hot airflow power generation Most important part, it is the circulation passage of the thermal current of solar chimney power generation.Its support construction uses steel structure, with collection The steel support structure 21 of hot canopy 19 links together so that solar chimney 22 still can be in the case where vertical height is very high Holding is reliably fixed.Its one layer solar photovoltaic battery panel 35 of steel construction outer wrapping, on sunny daytime, solar-energy photo-voltaic cell Plate 35 absorbs solar energy and is converted into electric energy, is stored in accumulator 5.After accumulator 5 is fully charged, what photovoltaic battery panel 35 was sent out Electric energy is used for 8 electrolytic seawater hydrogen making of seawater electrolysis pond, and the hydrogen storage produced is in hydrogen container 9, at the same time, hydrogen container Hydrogen in 9 is passed through the anode of fuel cell 11 by fuel cell hydrogen entrance 12, and the cathode of fuel cell 11 passes through fuel Cell air inlet 13 is passed through air, and 11 generator operation of fuel cell is realized with this.When night or insufficient cloudy sunshine It waits, the hydrogen for only 35 electrolytic seawater of solar photovoltaic cell panel being leaned on to produce is less, and accumulator 5 discharges at this time, and electrolytic seawater is produced Hydrogen.Along with the release of reaction heat, useless heat abstraction is both the waste to resource, is also unfavorable for carrying for the reaction of fuel cell 11 The efficiency of high system, it is therefore necessary to collect waste heat to generate electricity.Control centre monitors the temperature of fuel cell 11 17 moment Variation, when fuel cell reaction temperature rise is to certain value, fuel cell cooling tube inlet valve 16 is opened, and seawater is as cooling Liquid is transported through fuel cell cooling tube 15 at fuel cell 11, and vapor liquid heat exchange, combustion occurs by fuel cell heat exchanger 14 Expect that the temperature after heat absorption of the water in battery cooling tube 15 increases, the heat circulation pipe 27 being subsequently channeled in thermal-arrest canopy 19, to add Air in hot thermal-arrest canopy 19, is rationally utilized fuel cell waste heat.
The vertical shaft fan 36 is located at 22 top of solar chimney.Thermal current in thermal-arrest canopy 19 after heating passes through Solar chimney 22, and the blade of two turbines up and down is pushed, drive generator amature rotation power generation.Wherein, lower part turbine Generating set 29 only generates electricity under the promotion of thermal current, rotor and 22 upper end of solar chimney of top turbine generation unit 20 The rotor coaxial of vertical shaft fan 36 connects, and is generated electricity using disk permanent magnet generator 37.This kind of structure has following benefit:1, Since that there are detent torques is big for vertical shaft fan 36, the shortcomings that being not easy to start, the structure of rotor coaxial is conducive to upper in chimney Portion's turbine generation unit 30 drives coaxial rotor to rotate, and vertical shaft fan 36 is helped to start.2, when the hot gas in chimney flows to When at up to top turbine generation unit 30, flow velocity reduces, and turbine wheel rotating speed reduces, and coaxially connects with external vertical axis wind turbine 36 It connects, contributes to startup and the stabilization of speed of top turbine generation unit 30.3, daytime, sunshine was strong, the heat collected in thermal-arrest canopy More, hot stream temperature is high, and flow velocity is fast, and then pushes top turbine/generator rotating speed fast, and daytime, windward power in sea was small, hung down D-axis wind turbine 36 rotates slowly, and the two, which combines, makes rotor speed be maintained at a stable fast state;When the period at night, thermal-arrest canopy Temperature is relatively low in 19, and thermal current flow velocity is slower in solar chimney 22, only leans on two turbogenerators in solar chimney 22 The electricity that group is sent out is less, and night, often wind-force was larger on sea, and 36 rotating speed of vertical shaft fan is very fast, and the two, which combines, can still make Rotor speed is maintained at a stable fast state.It can make wind-power electricity generation and solar chimney by this coaxial configuration It is power generation complemented, and be conducive to the startup of the two.
The present apparatus method of operation:
The electricity that photovoltaic battery panel is sent out supplies batteries to store energy and electrolytic cell electrolytic seawater hydrogen manufacturing on daytime, in night electric power storage The electric energy supply electrolytic cell electrolytic hydrogen production stored in pond.Electrolysis hydrogen obtained is passed through fuel cell power generation, the electric energy warp sent out Bulk power grid is incorporated to after transformation, the thermal current during the utilization of Heat of Reaction during reaction gets up to assist solar chimney to generate electricity heats.It removes Except this, solar chimney power generation is mainly converted into air internal energy using solar thermal collector collection solar energy and then is converted into sky Pneumatic energy generates electricity.Wind generator system generates electricity to form complemental power-generation with solar chimney, and the electric energy of output is made more to stablize. Energy by ocean current is a relatively independent electricity generation system, and the electric energy sent out can be directly incorporated into bulk power grid or micro- electricity after transformation Net.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1. synthesis uses multiple renewable energy sources, a variety of generations of electricity by new energy are organically combined, and plays one-plus-one and is more than two Effect
2. the column of Spar Platform is combined with energy by ocean current generating set, energy by ocean current power generation needs certain depth, and The design of Spar Platform is also the huge column goed deep under sea level, so being accordingly installed on energy by ocean current turbine generation unit Below the column of Spar Platform, stable absorption energy by ocean current can be played the role of, be conducive to stablizing for energy by ocean current and utilize, and save About separately build the cost of energy by ocean current power generating equipment;
It is combined with wind-power electricity generation 3. generating electricity solar chimney, solar chimney, which generates electricity, needs the chimney conduct of certain altitude The channel of thermal current flowing, and wind-power electricity generation needs the pylon of certain altitude that can just improve the efficiency of wind-power electricity generation, and too Positive energy chimney generation power generation on daytime is more, and wind-power electricity generation night has some superiority, it is contemplated that applying wind-power electricity generation too On positive energy chimney, two kinds of forms of electricity generation complement one another, and have saved the cost for building wind power tower;
It being combined with fuel cell cogeneration 4. generating electricity solar chimney, fuel cell power generation will produce waste heat, and too Positive energy chimney generation is also required to heating air, it is contemplated that the two is combined, rationally utilizes the residual heat resources of fuel cell, both saved About resource improves the efficiency of fuel cell, can also promote the heating speed of air in solar chimney power generation, reduce the sun The area of energy chimney generation thermal-arrest canopy.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is that the synthesis of floatation type uses the integration generating device of maritime renewable energy and its main view of internal arrangement Figure;
Fig. 2 is that the synthesis of floatation type uses the integration generating device operation block diagram of maritime renewable energy.
Specific implementation mode
The present invention is described further below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings
A kind of comprehensive generation platform using maritime renewable energy utilizing wind-power electricity generation, ocean current the present invention relates to a kind of Can power generation, solar energy power generating, solar chimney hot airflow power generation and fuel cell power generation method and device, especially relate to And a kind of synthesis of floatation type uses the integration generating device of maritime renewable energy.
With economic continuous development, the problems such as energy consumption is serious, climate warming, environmental pollution, energy shortage, is more Sternness, in face of lot of challenges, regenerative resource is greatly developed in countries in the world all perfectly in harmonyly.China possesses very long seashore Line and wide ocean area, this using regenerative resources such as wind energy on the sea, solar energy, wave energies just to provide possibility.
Solar chimney power generation is also known as solar heat air-flow power generation, and the power generation of traditional solar chimney is using open Light thermal-arrest canopy collects solar radiation, after thermal-arrest temperature of shed increases, the temperature difference is formed with chimney top Cryogenic air, by chimney Draft acts on the thermal current to form rising.Simultaneously because thermal current flows up and causes to form negative pressure in thermal-arrest canopy in thermal-arrest canopy, The air of the outer ground atmospheric pressure of canopy inside and outside differential pressure promotion thermal-arrest canopy flows through the inlet channel of canopy surrounding to thermal-arrest canopy central bus, most It is discharged afterwards by chimney top, arranges that wind turbine generator group, thermal current push wind turbine blades in chimney bottom, Form hot airflow power generation.German professor Schlaich in 1978 proposes solar chimney generation technology, nineteen eighty-two Germany and western class Tooth cooperative construction First solar heat air-flow power generation prototype power station, the research of solar heat air-flow power generation at present are only limitted to land The research on ground, marine solar chimney also rarely has people to set foot in.Night hot stream temperature reduces, and generated energy reduction is terrestrial solar energy One of the shortcomings that chimney generation, and daily temperature range is small on sea, seawater is equivalent to the solar energy that heat-retaining mass absorbs daytime Heat storage get up, therefore compared to land, the temperature on sea declines at night less, if so solar chimney is sent out The shortcomings that electricity applied to that on sea, will overcome terrestrial solar energy chimney generation to a certain extent.
Wind-power electricity generation is green energy resource technology with fastest developing speed in the world, with the development of land wind generating technology, people The problems such as having been noted that land wind-power electricity generation there are land occupation, noise pollutions.More due to offshore wind energy resource reserves Abundant and stable, wind-power electricity generation is turned to ocean by people by land.Oversea wind power generation is divided into bottom according to the difference of fixed form Portion's fixed offshore wind-power electricity generation and floatation type Oversea wind power generation, fixed offshore wind-powered electricity generation are suitable for phytal zone, floatation type sea Upper wind-powered electricity generation is more suitable for deep water sea area.Floatation type Oversea wind power generation can divide according to the classification of the design form of floatation type basic platform For tension leg platform (TLP), semisubmersible platform and Spar Platform.
Energy by ocean current power generation is similar with tidal power, and only the operating position of ocean current energy generator is located at deeper seawater Place, it mainly utilizes the seawater kinetic energy power generation of sea lower stable flowing.The generation of ocean current is primarily due to the sun to sea The convection phenomena that irradiation difference or seawater salinity unevenness generate, it is a kind of relatively stable seawater flowing in ocean and straits, Carry huge energy.Currently, energy by ocean current power generation has oar blade type, conduit turbine type, floating drum underwater windmill, underwater kite etc..
Fuel cell (Fuel Cell) is a kind of power generator that chemical energy is converted into electric energy, fuel cell There are many type, according to the difference of its electrolyte, can be divided into alkaline fuel cell (AFC), phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC), melting Carbonate fuel battery (MCFC), solid-oxide fuel cell (SOFC) and Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFC).Due to The working efficiency of fuel cell is between 40%-60%, so to there is the energy of 40%-60% to be consumed in the form of thermal energy.It removes Except this, the pile operating temperature of fuel cell is about at 65 DEG C or so, in order to which the UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN of fuel cell is got up, simultaneously Also for making fuel cell be maintained at a suitable reaction temperature, consider that generation will be reacted in fuel cell catalyst combustion chamber Hot steam recycle, in conjunction with solar chimney carry out waste-heat power generation.
Chimney is the indispensable part of solar chimney electricity generation system, and the wind energy conversion system of wind generator system needs height Towering pylon support, it is contemplated that combining the two with cost-effective.If by the shaft of the vertical axis windmill of chimney top with The turbine shaft of chimney top is coaxially connected, common to drive the rotation of disc type rotor of permanent-magnetic power generator, can play the energy round the clock Complementary supply.Oversea wind power generation floatation type basic platform uses Spar Platform, in this way can under cylindrical ballast cylinder To install energy by ocean current turbine generation unit for acquiring energy by ocean current.In order to improve power generation stability, photovoltaic hydrogen manufacturing-fuel electricity is added Pond electricity generation system, and with fuel cell waste heat auxiliary solar chimney power generation heating air, collection solar chimney, wind are formed with this Energy, energy by ocean current, solar energy, fuel cell power generation realize isolated island in the marine float formula integrated power generation system and platform of one Microgrid electric energy is supplied or to the grid-connected power supply of outer net.
Patent CN200820047332.5 discloses a kind of funnel-shaped solar energy and wind energy integrated generating set, device master The composite structure for taking the wind power generating set of solar water heater, chimney bearing and holder top, utilizes solar water Device heats air, and enhancing ascending air speed pushes multiple wind energy conversion systems rotation in chimney holder to generate electricity, while chimney holder External wind generating set is installed and captures external wind in top.But the device is only wind-power electricity generation and solar heat air-flow hair The simple addition of electricity, not by the complementary combination of both wind energy and hot airflow power generation.
Patent CN201620757377.6 discloses the power generation dress of a kind of combined solar chimney, ventilation blower and wind energy conversion system It sets, the device is other than using thermal-arrest canopy, chimney and the turbine in traditional solar chimney power generation, also in chimney top port Place adds a ventilation blower, the external wind energy conversion system of ventilation blower, after extraneous wind blows wind energy conversion system, can drive the logical of chimney top Wind turbine rotates, and can play the role of, by thermal current extraction inside chimney, accelerating air flow rate.But this patent is not too The combination of positive energy chimney generation and wind-power electricity generation, wind-force are intended merely as the power source of ventilation blower.
Patent 201510227545.0 discloses a kind of electricity generation system of wind energy-wave energy-energy by ocean current one, which adopts With single-column tower, fixed supporting form, tower are fixed on sea bed vertically vertically, install ocean current respectively tower is bottom-up It can electricity generation system, Wave energy generating system and wind power generation system.Three kinds of forms of electricity generation have only been carried out letter by the electricity generation system It is single-phase to add, the complementarity of a variety of generations of electricity by new energy is not embodied, without the forms of electricity generation using solar chimney yet.
In conclusion the current comprehensive profit for occurring integrating all maritime renewable energy forms of electricity generation not yet With platform, the object of the invention seeks to design a kind of collection solar energy thermal-power-generating, wind-power electricity generation, the power generation of energy by ocean current Generate, Generation, Generator volt, sea Water hydrogen manufacturing, fuel cell power generation integrate generation platform in the marine float formula of one.
The purpose of the present invention is by a kind of floatation type regenerative resource integration generating device, realize to wind energy on ocean, The comprehensive electric generating of energy by ocean current, solar energy and Hydrogen Energy utilizes.Solar chimney is mounted on column raft, utilizes the sun Energy heat collector and fuel cell waste-heat air push the turbine generation unit in chimney to generate electricity.Desk permanent-magnet generates electricity Machine is located on solar chimney, while continuously being generated electricity round the clock using wind energy and solar thermal energy, realizes two kinds of energy complementations.Sea The bottom that stream energy generating set is located at column body absorbs ocean current kinetic energy.Whole system is realized to multiple renewable energy sources on ocean Comprehensive utilization.
Fig. 1 is the front view of whole device and its internal arrangement, and Fig. 2 is that device runs block diagram.
As shown in Figure 1,1 main body of column body of Spar Platform is closed cylindrical structure, wherein 1 upper end of column body For hollow or filling materials of low density, platform overall buoyancy is provided;1 lower end of column body be ballast box, be added ballast seawater or Person's high density Solid Ballast object reduces platform center of gravity, so that its center of gravity is less than centre of buoyancy, ensures the stability of whole device.Column body 1 The anchoring system that the upper catenary mooring line 2 being tensioned by more half forms controls the displacement in its horizontal direction.
Energy by ocean current generating set 3 is installed in the bottom of column body 1, ocean current pushes the water wheels of energy by ocean current generating set 3 Machine 4 rotates, and energy by ocean current generating set 3 uses bidirectionally symmetric structure, both forward and reverse directions flow that the hydraulic turbine 4 can be pushed to generate electricity.By In the bottom mounted on column body 1, energy by ocean current generating set 3 can very easily obtain the stabilization of certain depth under sea Energy by ocean current.The electricity that energy by ocean current generating set 3 is sent out is transformed to amplitude, frequency by power-converting device group 6 and transformer group 18 The ocean platform micro-capacitance sensor that the sinusoidal ac that rate is stablized is transported to bank bulk power grid or closes on.
The top of column body 1 is podium level 7, which includes accumulator 5, power-converting device group 6, seawater electrolysis pond 8, storage Hydrogen tank 9, electrolytic cell seawater inlet valve 10, fuel cell 11, fuel cell hydrogen entrance 12, fuel cell air inlet 13, combustion Expect battery heat exchanger 14, fuel cell cooling tube 15, fuel cell cooling tube inlet valve 16, control centre 17, transformer group 18. The top of podium level 7 is thermal-arrest canopy 19, and main function is the air heated in canopy.To keep temperature of shed, dissipate heat It loses, the innermost layer of thermal-arrest canopy 19 and the ground of thermal-arrest canopy 19 are one layer of heat preservation material 20.The second layer of thermal-arrest canopy 19 is bracing members Structure 21 is linked together with the solar chimney 22 of steel, plays the role of the entire superstructure of support.In addition, also having in canopy One circle steel support frame 23 plays the role of increasing by 19 enabling capabilities of thermal-arrest canopy.19 third layer of thermal-arrest canopy is solar thermal collector 24, which uses plate solar collector, and under the premise of seawater inlet valve 25 is opened, 26 extracting seawater of suction pump enters collection Hot device 24, when daytime, can acquire solar energy, and the interior energy for converting solar energy into water in heat collector 24 stores, the water after heating (since space is limited, few heat circulation pipe, practical thermal cycle are only depicted in Fig. 1 into the heat circulation pipe 27 in thermal-arrest canopy There are many quantity of pipe), air enters thermal-arrest canopy 19 by multiple air admission holes 28 on thermal-arrest canopy, in the heat effect of heat circulation pipe 27 Lower gradually heating, solar energy is converted into the interior energy of air, and under stack effect, hot-air rises flowing, and air internal energy is converted into Kinetic energy, the thermal current in thermal-arrest canopy 19 are continuously retracted to by solar chimney 22 outside chimney, and lower part turbine hair is pushed The wheel rotation of motor group 29 and top turbine generation unit 30, and then disk permanent magnet generator 37 is driven to generate electricity, aerodynamic energy It is converted into electric energy.In addition, there is heat storage can 31 in thermal-arrest canopy, when temperature is relatively low, the water in solar thermal collector 24 is in Heated condition, valve 32 are opened, and valve 33 and valve 34 are closed, when control centre 17 detects water temperature in solar thermal collector 24 When height is to certain value, valve 32 and valve 34 are closed, opens valve 33, the higher water of temperature is flowed into heat storage can 31, stored Come, when entering night or continuous cloudy day, the hot water in heat storage can 31 continues to heat thermal-arrest canopy 19 as standby heat source Interior air keeps the temperature in thermal-arrest canopy 19, and solar chimney is enable to continue to generate electricity.The electric energy that generator is sent out passes through electric power It is i.e. exportable that converting means group 6 and transformer group 18 are transformed to stable sinusoidal voltage.
The one layer solar photovoltaic battery panel 35 of steel construction outer wrapping of solar chimney 22, on sunny daytime, solar energy Photovoltaic battery panel 35 absorbs solar energy and is converted into electric energy, is stored in accumulator 5.After accumulator 5 is fully charged, photovoltaic battery panel 35 electric energy sent out are used for 8 electrolytic seawater hydrogen making of seawater electrolysis pond, and the hydrogen storage produced is same with this in hydrogen container 9 When, the hydrogen in hydrogen container 9 is passed through the anode of fuel cell 11, the cathode of fuel cell 11 by fuel cell hydrogen entrance 12 It is passed through air by fuel cell air inlet 13,11 generator operation of fuel cell is realized with this.When night or cloudy sunshine When insufficient, the hydrogen for only 35 electrolytic seawater of solar photovoltaic cell panel being leaned on to produce is less, and accumulator 5 discharges at this time, electrolysis Seawater hydrogen making.Along with the release of reaction heat, useless heat abstraction is both the waste to resource for the reaction of fuel cell 11, It is unfavorable for the efficiency of raising system, it is therefore necessary to collect waste heat to generate electricity.Control centre monitor fuel cell at 17 moment 11 temperature change, when fuel cell reaction temperature rise is to certain value, fuel cell cooling tube inlet valve 16 is opened, seawater It as coolant liquid, is transported at fuel cell 11 through fuel cell cooling tube 15, gas-liquid is occurred by fuel cell heat exchanger 14 Heat exchange, water in fuel cell cooling tube 15 temperature after heat absorption increase, the heat circulation pipe being subsequently channeled in thermal-arrest canopy 19 27, to heat the air in thermal-arrest canopy 19, fuel cell waste heat is rationally utilized.
Solar chimney 22 is located in the geometric center lines of whole device, most important as solar chimney hot airflow power generation Part, it be solar chimney power generation thermal current circulation passage.Its support construction uses steel structure, with thermal-arrest canopy 19 Steel support structure 21 link together so that solar chimney 22 still can be kept in the case where vertical height is very high can By fixation.Thermal current in thermal-arrest canopy 19 after heating pushes the blade of two turbines up and down by solar chimney 22, Drive generator amature rotation power generation.Wherein, lower part turbine generation unit 29 only generates electricity under the promotion of thermal current, top turbine The rotor of generating set 30 is connect with the rotor coaxial of the vertical shaft fan 36 of 22 upper end of solar chimney, is sent out using desk permanent-magnet Motor 37 generates electricity.This kind of structure has following benefit:1, since that there are detent torques is big for vertical shaft fan 36, it is not easy to start Disadvantage, the structure of rotor coaxial are conducive to the top turbine generation unit 30 in chimney and coaxial rotor are driven to rotate, and help to hang down D-axis wind turbine 36 starts.2, when the thermal current in chimney reaches at top turbine generation unit 3, flow velocity reduces, turbine leaf Wheel speed reduces, coaxially connected with external vertical axis wind turbine 36, contributes to the startup of top turbine generation unit 30 and rotating speed steady It is fixed.3, daytime, sunshine was strong, and the heat collected in thermal-arrest canopy is more, and hot stream temperature is high, and flow velocity is fast, and then pushed top turbine 30 rotating speed of machine/generator is fast, and daytime, windward power in sea was small, and vertical shaft fan 36 rotates slowly, and the two, which combines, makes rotor speed protect It holds in a stable fast state;When temperature is relatively low in the period at night, thermal-arrest canopy 19, thermal current flow velocity in solar chimney 22 Relatively slow, the electricity that the two turbine generation units only leaned in solar chimney 22 are sent out is less, and night often on sea wind-force compared with Greatly, 36 rotating speed of vertical shaft fan is very fast, and the two, which combines, can still make rotor speed be maintained at a stable fast state.Pass through This coaxial configuration can make wind-power electricity generation and solar chimney power generation complemented, and be conducive to the startup of the two.
Fig. 2 is that device runs block diagram.As shown in Fig. 2, photovoltaic battery panel send out electricity daytime supply batteries to store energy and Electrolytic cell electrolytic seawater hydrogen manufacturing, the electric energy supply electrolytic cell electrolytic hydrogen production stored in night accumulator.Electrolysis hydrogen obtained It is passed through fuel cell power generation, bulk power grid is incorporated to after the electric energy sent out is transformed, the utilization of Heat of Reaction during reaction gets up auxiliary too Thermal current heating in positive energy chimney generation.In addition to this, solar chimney power generation is mainly collected too using solar thermal collector Sun can be converted into air internal energy and then be converted into aerodynamic energy and generate electricity.Wind generator system generates electricity to be formed with solar chimney Complemental power-generation makes the electric energy of output more stablize.Energy by ocean current is a relatively independent electricity generation system, and the electric energy sent out passes through Bulk power grid or micro-capacitance sensor can be directly incorporated into after transformation.
Operation principle:The method have the characteristics that a variety of generations of electricity by new energy are organically combined, and plays one-plus-one and be more than two Effect.Energy by ocean current power generation needs certain depth, and the design of Spar Platform is also the huge column goed deep under sea level, So being installed on energy by ocean current turbine generation unit below the column of Spar Platform accordingly, stable absorption energy by ocean current can be played Effect;Solar chimney power generation needs the channel that the chimney of certain altitude is flowed as thermal current, and wind-power electricity generation needs one The efficiency of wind-power electricity generation, and more, the wind-power electricity generation of solar chimney power generation power generation on daytime can just be improved by determining the pylon of height Night has some superiority, it is contemplated that applying wind-power electricity generation on solar chimney, the two complements one another;Fuel cell is sent out Electricity will produce waste heat, and solar chimney power generation is also required to heating air, it is contemplated that the two is combined, rationally utilize fuel electricity The residual heat resources in pond.
Advantageous effect:Device synthesis uses multiple renewable energy sources, and the column of Spar Platform and energy by ocean current are generated electricity Unit combines, and is conducive to stablizing for energy by ocean current and utilizes, and has saved the cost for separately building energy by ocean current power generating equipment;By solar energy Chimney generation is combined with wind-power electricity generation, and two kinds of forms of electricity generation complement one another, and have saved the cost for building wind power tower;By the sun Energy chimney generation is combined with fuel cell cogeneration, was both economized on resources, and was improved the efficiency of fuel cell, and can also be promoted too The heating speed of air, reduces the area of solar chimney power generation and heat collection canopy in positive energy chimney generation.
Fig. 1 is the front elevational view of whole device, and Fig. 2 is that device runs block diagram, and whole device uses Spar Platform, The all installation combinations on the platform of remaining equipment.Wherein, identified according in figure, 1 be column body, 2 be catenary mooring line, 3 It is the hydraulic turbine for energy by ocean current generating set, 4,5 be accumulator, and 6 be power-converting device group, and 7 be podium level, and 8 be seawater electrolysis Pond, 9 be hydrogen container, and 10 be electrolytic cell seawater inlet valve, and 11 be fuel cell, and 12 be fuel cell hydrogen entrance, and 13 be fuel Cell air inlet, 14 be fuel cell heat exchanger, and 15 be fuel cell cooling tube, and 16 be fuel cell cooling tube inlet valve, 17 centers in order to control, 18 be transformer group, and 19 be thermal-arrest canopy, and 20 be thermal insulation material, and 21 be steel support structure, and 22 be solar energy cigarette Chimney, 23 be steel support frame, and 24 be solar thermal collector, and 25 be seawater inlet valve, and 26 be suction pump, and 27 be heat circulation pipe, 28 It is lower part turbine generation unit for air admission hole, 29,30 be top turbine generation unit, and 31 be heat storage can, and 32 are for valve 32,33 Valve 33,34 is that valve 34,35 is solar photovoltaic cell panel, and 36 be vertical shaft fan, and 37 be disk permanent magnet generator.
1 main body of column body of Spar Platform be closed cylindrical structure, wherein 1 upper end of column body be it is hollow or Materials of low density is loaded, platform overall buoyancy is provided;1 lower end of column body is ballast box, and ballast seawater is added or high density is solid Body ballast reduces platform center of gravity, so that its center of gravity is less than centre of buoyancy, ensures the stability of whole device.Pass through more on column body 1 The anchoring system that the catenary mooring line 2 of half tensioning forms controls the displacement in its horizontal direction.
Energy by ocean current generating set 3 is installed in the bottom of column body 1, ocean current pushes the water wheels of energy by ocean current generating set 3 Machine 4 rotates, and energy by ocean current generating set 3 uses bidirectionally symmetric structure, both forward and reverse directions flow that can impeller be pushed to generate electricity.Due to peace Mounted in the bottom of column body 1, energy by ocean current generating set 3 can very easily obtain the sea of the stabilization of certain depth under sea Flow energy.It is steady that the electricity that energy by ocean current generating set 3 is sent out by power-converting device group 6 and transformer group 18 is transformed to amplitude, frequency The platform micro-capacitance sensor that fixed sinusoidal ac is transported to bank bulk power grid or closes on.
The top of column body 1 is platform 7, which includes accumulator 5, and seawater electrolysis pond 8, hydrogen container 9, electrolytic cell seawater enters Mouth valve 10, fuel cell 11, fuel cell hydrogen entrance 12, fuel cell air inlet 13, fuel cell heat exchanger 14, fuel Battery cooling tube 15, fuel cell cooling tube inlet valve 16, control centre 17, transformer group 18.
The top of middle layer 7 is thermal-arrest canopy 19, and main function is the air heated in canopy.To keep temperature of shed, no It is one layer of heat preservation material 20 to make heat loss, the innermost layer of thermal-arrest canopy 19 and the ground of thermal-arrest canopy 19.The second layer of thermal-arrest canopy 19 It for steel support structure 21, is linked together with the solar chimney 22 of steel, plays the role of the entire superstructure of support.In addition, There is a circle steel support frame 23 in canopy, plays the role of increasing by 19 enabling capabilities of thermal-arrest canopy.19 third layer of thermal-arrest canopy is the sun Energy heat collector 24, the layer use plate solar collector, and under the premise of seawater inlet valve 25 is opened, suction pump 26 extracts sea Water enters heat collector 24, and when daytime can acquire solar energy, and the interior energy for converting solar energy into water in heat collector 24 stores, and adds The heat circulation pipe 27 that water after heat enters in thermal-arrest canopy (since space is limited, only depicts few heat circulation pipe, in fact in Fig. 1 There are many quantity of border heat circulation pipe), air enters thermal-arrest canopy 19 by multiple air admission holes 28 on thermal-arrest canopy, in heat circulation pipe 27 It gradually heats up under heat effect, solar energy is converted into the interior energy of air, and under stack effect, hot-air, which rises, to be flowed, in air It can be converted into kinetic energy, the thermal current in thermal-arrest canopy 19 is retracted to by solar chimney 22 outside chimney by continual, under promotion 30 wheel rotation of portion's turbine generation unit 29 and top turbogenerator, and then disk permanent magnet generator 37 is driven to generate electricity, air Kinetic energy is converted into electric energy.In addition, also having heat storage can 31, when temperature is relatively low, the water in solar thermal collector 24 in thermal-arrest canopy In heated condition, valve 32 is opened, and valve 33 and valve 34 is closed, when control centre 17 detects in solar thermal collector 24 When water temperature height is to certain value, valve 32 and valve 34 are closed, opens valve 33, the higher water of temperature flows into heat storage can 31, storage It stores away, when entering night or continuous cloudy day, the hot water in heat storage can 31 continues to heat thermal-arrest as standby heat source Air in canopy 19 keeps the temperature in thermal-arrest canopy 19, solar chimney persistently to generate electricity.The electric energy that generator is sent out passes through electric power It is i.e. exportable that converting means group 6 and transformer group 18 are transformed to stable sinusoidal voltage.
The one layer solar photovoltaic battery panel 35 of steel construction outer wrapping of solar chimney 22, on sunny daytime, solar energy Photovoltaic battery panel 35 absorbs solar energy and is converted into electric energy, is stored in accumulator 5.After accumulator 5 is fully charged, photovoltaic battery panel The electric energy sent out is used for 8 electrolytic seawater hydrogen making of seawater electrolysis pond, and the hydrogen storage produced is in hydrogen container 9, at the same time, Hydrogen in hydrogen container 9 is passed through the anode of fuel cell 11 by fuel cell hydrogen entrance 12, and the cathode of fuel cell 11 is logical It crosses fuel cell air inlet 13 and is passed through air, 11 generator operation of fuel cell is realized with this.When night or cloudy sunshine not When sufficient, the hydrogen for only 35 electrolytic seawater of solar photovoltaic cell panel being leaned on to produce is less, and accumulator 5 discharges at this time, electrolysis sea Water hydrogen making.The reaction of fuel cell 11 is along with the release of reaction heat, and useless heat abstraction is both the waste to resource, also not Conducive to the efficiency of the system of raising.Control centre monitors the temperature change of fuel cell 11 17 moment, when temperature rise is to centainly When value, fuel cell cooling tube inlet valve 16 is opened, and seawater transports fuel electricity as coolant liquid, through fuel cell cooling tube 15 By fuel cell heat exchanger 14 vapor liquid heat exchange occurs for Chi11Chu, the temperature after heat absorption of the water in fuel cell cooling tube 15 It increases, fuel is rationally utilized to heat the air in thermal-arrest canopy 19 in the heat circulation pipe 27 being subsequently channeled in thermal-arrest canopy 19 Battery waste heat.
Solar chimney 22 is located in the geometric center lines of whole device, most important as solar chimney hot airflow power generation Part, it be solar chimney power generation thermal current circulation passage.Its support construction uses steel-made support structure, with thermal-arrest The steel support structure 21 of canopy 19 links together so that solar chimney 22 still can be protected in the case where vertical height is very high It is fixed to keep steady.Thermal current in thermal-arrest canopy 19 after heating pushes the blade of two turbines up and down by solar chimney 22, Drive generator amature rotation power generation.Wherein, lower part turbine generation unit 29 only generates electricity under the promotion of thermal current, top turbine The rotor of generating set 30 is connect with the rotor coaxial of the vertical shaft fan 36 of 22 upper end of solar chimney, is sent out using desk permanent-magnet Motor 37 generates electricity.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of synthesis of floatation type uses the integration generating device of maritime renewable energy, it is characterised in that:Using column Platform, including energy by ocean current generating set (3), column body (1), podium level (7), thermal-arrest canopy (19), solar chimney (22), vertically Axis wind turbine (36), the energy by ocean current generating set (3) are located at the lowest part of whole device, and the hydraulic turbine (4) is located at energy by ocean current hair Motor group (3) is internal, and the column body (1) is located at the top of energy by ocean current generating set (3), column body (1) and anchoring system It is connected, the podium level (7) is located at the top of column body (1), and podium level (7) includes seawater electrolysis pond (8), hydrogen container (9), fuel cell (11), control centre (17), accumulator (5), power-converting device group (6), transformer group (18) are described Hydrogen container (9) is connected to by fuel cell hydrogen entrance (12) with the anode of fuel cell (11), thermal-arrest canopy (19) and thermal-arrest canopy (19) air admission hole (28) on is connected to by fuel cell air inlet (13) with the cathode of fuel cell (11), the fuel Battery (11) lower part is fuel cell heat exchanger (14), and fuel cell heat exchanger (14) lower part is fuel cell cooling tube (15), Fuel cell cooling tube (15) lower end is fuel cell cooling tube inlet valve (16), and the thermal-arrest canopy (19) is located at podium level (7) top, the innermost layer of thermal-arrest canopy (19) and bottom surface are one layer of heat preservation material (20), and the second layer of thermal-arrest canopy (19) is steel branch Support structure (21), steel support structure (21) are connected as one with solar chimney (22), and the third layer of thermal-arrest canopy (19) is Solar thermal collector (24), solar thermal collector (24) heat circulation pipe (27) internal with thermal-arrest canopy (19) are connected to, heat circulation pipe (27) it is connected to heat storage can (31), top connectivity part is the second valve (33) and the first valve (32), and lower part connectivity part is third The inside of valve (34), thermal-arrest canopy (19) has a circle steel support frame (23), the solar chimney (22) to be located at thermal-arrest canopy (19) top and in the geometric center lines of whole device, solar chimney (22) outermost layer is solar photovoltaic cell panel (35), the internal lower part of solar chimney (22) is lower part turbine generation unit (29), the internal top of solar chimney (22) It is top turbine generation unit (30), the vertical shaft fan (36) is located at the top of solar chimney (22), vertical shaft wind The rotor of machine (36) is connect with the rotor coaxial of top turbine generation unit (30).
2. a kind of synthesis of floatation type according to claim 1 uses the integration generating device of maritime renewable energy, It is characterized in that:The energy by ocean current generating set (3) is bidirectionally symmetric structure.
3. a kind of synthesis of floatation type according to claim 1 uses the integration generating device of maritime renewable energy, It is characterized in that:Described column body (1) main body is closed cylindrical structure, and the upper end of column body (1) is hollow or loads The lower end of materials of low density, column body (1) is ballast box, is ballast seawater or high density Solid Ballast object in ballast box.
4. a kind of synthesis of floatation type according to claim 1 uses the integration generating device of maritime renewable energy, It is characterized in that:The catenary mooring line (2) that the anchoring system is tensioned by more half forms.
5. a kind of synthesis of floatation type according to claim 1 uses the integration generating device of maritime renewable energy, It is characterized in that:There is electrolytic cell seawater inlet valve (10) on the seawater electrolysis pond (8).
6. a kind of synthesis of floatation type according to claim 1 uses the integration generating device of maritime renewable energy, It is characterized in that:There are multiple air admission holes (18) on the thermal-arrest canopy (19).
7. a kind of synthesis of floatation type according to claim 1 uses the integration generating device of maritime renewable energy, It is characterized in that:Seawater inlet valve (25) is housed, seawater inlet valve (25) top is to draw water on the solar thermal collector (24) It pumps (26).
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