CN209627043U - A kind of scene water is provided multiple forms of energy to complement each other comprehensive utilization device - Google Patents

A kind of scene water is provided multiple forms of energy to complement each other comprehensive utilization device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209627043U
CN209627043U CN201920378089.3U CN201920378089U CN209627043U CN 209627043 U CN209627043 U CN 209627043U CN 201920378089 U CN201920378089 U CN 201920378089U CN 209627043 U CN209627043 U CN 209627043U
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China
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water
wind
energy
reservoir
power generation
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李继清
蔡常鑫
杨晓宇
杨向飞
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North China Electric Power University
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North China Electric Power University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/30Wind power
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/50Hydropower in dwellings
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/20Hydro energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • Y02E10/56Power conversion systems, e.g. maximum power point trackers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/76Power conversion electric or electronic aspects
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/16Mechanical energy storage, e.g. flywheels or pressurised fluids
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/30Systems combining energy storage with energy generation of non-fossil origin

Abstract

The utility model belongs to renewable energy comprehensive and utilizes technical field, more particularly to a kind of honourable water is provided multiple forms of energy to complement each other comprehensive utilization device, it include: that wind power generation plant is connected by wind power generation controller with battery group, photovoltaic power generation apparatus is connected by photovoltaic electricity generation controller with battery group, upper reservoir in water-storage device passes through the hydraulic turbine with lower reservoir respectively and connects with water pump, and the hydraulic turbine and water pump are connect with battery group;The hydraulic turbine discharges water power generation to battery charging using the downward reservoir of upper reservoir;The battery group storage wind-force and photovoltaic electricity are used for household electricity and pump working;Water in lower reservoir is extracted into accumulation of energy in upper reservoir by the water pump.Water in lower reservoir is pumped and is cooled to the solar panel in photovoltaic power generation apparatus by the water pump.The back side of the solar panel is equipped with the water pipe of serpentine arrangement, and the water in water pipe after heat absorption heating is used for domestic hot water.

Description

A kind of scene water is provided multiple forms of energy to complement each other comprehensive utilization device
Technical field
The utility model belong to renewable energy comprehensive provided multiple forms of energy to complement each other using technical field more particularly to a kind of honourable water it is comprehensive It closes and utilizes device.
Background technique
Currently, electric power resource is one of essential resource of human society survival and development, electric power energy is to push society An important factor for developing social progress.However the whole world probably has 1,600,000,000 people to live in the poor area of electric power resource.China Generally supply exceed demand for electric power resource, but resource, population distribution Bu Tong necessarily cause certain areas with economic development level The insufficiency of supply-demand of electric power.With the rapid development of our country's economy, demand of the people to electricity is growing day by day.And conventional electric power generation is high energy Consumption industry, for the energy, the deposit of traditional fossil energy also allows of no optimist, while the burning of fossil energy will also result in ring Border pollution.
The utilization of renewable energy has obtained extensive concern, wherein solar energy and wind energy, hydraulic power generation technology are all gradually It is mature.It is provided multiple forms of energy to complement each other using honourable water and provides energy resource supply for the area of electric power resource scarcity or shortage of electric power, be to solve simultaneously The uneven effective way with traditional energy crisis of electric power resource distribution.The ground such as coastal area and northwest China solar energy resources It is relatively abundanter with wind resource, and wind, light, water resource have good complementary characteristic.The power generation system so honourable water is provided multiple forms of energy to complement each other It unites and has ample scope for one's abilities in the area that electric power resource is deficient to be in urgent need.
But the research majority of family renewable energy independent power generation device is all also only rested in the prior art In the raising of individual event energy utilization technology and efficiency, lack the research for the energy used by power generation process, is not carried out true Multinomial green resource complementation in positive meaning utilizes, outlying district severe for some natural conditions, sparsely populated and minority For national gathering area, to be spent greatly in these area construction power grids, it is time-consuming extremely long, thus their electric power resource is extremely Lack.And the lower feature of the density of population is more suitable for using small-sized free-standing power generator.
As photovoltaic power generation technology is constantly mature, solar-energy photo-voltaic cell generating efficiency has large increase.But absolutely Numerical value is still lower, and the silicon solar cell incident photon-to-electron conversion efficiency of industrialized mass production is about 13%~14% at present, Remaining light can be converted into thermal energy.The material of solar panel mainly has monocrystalline silicon, polysilicon, amorphous silicon and hull cell etc., Middle monocrystalline silicon and polycrystal silicon cell dosage are maximum.The generating efficiency of crystal-silicon solar cell relies on its operating temperature, temperature often on Rising 1 degree Celsius will lead to output power reduction 0.4%~0.5%.Due to reach 80% or more battery surface energy conversion at Heat, so that solar cell operating temperature is usually at 50 DEG C or more, when radiating bad even up to 80 DEG C.
The prior art needs a kind of free-standing multi-energy complementation comprehensive utilization dress for cooperateing with solar energy, wind energy and water energy It sets, to overcome drawbacks described above.
Utility model content
In order to overcome deficiency existing for existing generation of electricity by new energy device, the utility model proposes a kind of honourable water multipotency is mutual Mend comprehensive utilization device, comprising: wind power generation plant is connected by wind power generation controller with battery group, photovoltaic power generation apparatus It is connected by photovoltaic electricity generation controller with battery group, the upper reservoir and lower reservoir in water-storage device pass through water respectively Turbine is connected with water pump, and the hydraulic turbine and water pump are connect with battery group;The hydraulic turbine is put using the downward reservoir of upper reservoir Water generates electricity to battery charging;The battery group storage wind-force and photovoltaic electricity are used for household electricity and pump working; Water in lower reservoir is extracted into accumulation of energy in upper reservoir by the water pump.
Water in lower reservoir is pumped and is cooled to the solar panel in photovoltaic power generation apparatus by the water pump.
The back side of the solar panel is equipped with the water pipe of serpentine arrangement, and the water in water pipe after heat absorption heating is used for family Hot water.
The front upper portion of the solar panel is equipped with spray head, washes away cleaning solar panel with the water that water pump is drawn up Surface.
The water pump inlet is equipped with purifier.
The tower surface of the upper reservoir or wind power generation plant is covered with solar panel or battery thin film.
The water pump is commutated using electronic building brick, and the stator and rotor of water pump are contacted with water completely, and stator and circuit board are equal Using epoxy resin encapsulated, pump shaft is closed static seal.
The wind power generation plant includes: wind wheel body, wind wheel piece, to wind apparatus, generator, pylon, wind turbine flange Seat, wind turbine shaft, wind wheel hub, anti-loose nut and radome fairing;Wind wheel body front end is provided with the wind wheel piece, is used as wind Can capture device, the wind wheel body rear end is provided with described to wind apparatus, is used as adjusted device, the wind wheel internal body It is provided with the generator, the wind wheel piece is fixed in the wind wheel hub, and the wind wheel hub passes through the anti-loose nut and institute It states wind turbine shaft to be fixedly connected, drives the electrical power generators, the wind wheel hub front end using wind turbine shaft described in wind-energy rotating It is provided with the radome fairing, the pylon is rotatably connect by the wind turbine flange seat with the wind wheel body.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1. making full use of the complementarity of the energy
The present apparatus has innovatively combined two kinds of renewable energy of wind energy and solar energy as the supply energy, traditional wind-force Power generation and solar power generation have the defect of its own, the regional sunshine-duration section in southwestern remote countryside or wind-force in the utilization of resources Deficiency, is used alone wind-power electricity generation and solar power generation is not able to satisfy the needs of power supply.Wind-photovoltaic complementary power supply system exactly solves This problem, two kinds of energy compensate for other side in region and temporal deficiency respectively, have very strong complementarity, energy benefit It is higher with rate.In addition the purpose of " energy on daytime is used at night " is realized in the conversion between water energy.Three energy conversions are complete certainly Dynamic, centre does not need manual operation.
2. making full use of the spatter property of the energy
Solar energy, wind energy and the water energy that the present apparatus is utilized are clean renewable energy.From production capacity, energy storage to exoergic No matter all there is spatter property from the perspective of the angle of device or the energy.Whole system cleaning efficiently, without waste generates. And this energy can be recycled using water energy, it is simple and environmentally-friendly, efficiently solve the problems, such as accumulation of energy.
3. device is simple, suitable for home use
Using nature water energy accumulation of energy, present apparatus structure is simple, and cheap, simple to install is easy to maintain, can satisfy three The power demand on the family of mouth basic daytime and night, is suitable for home use.
4. being not easily susceptible to interfere, independence is strong
The present apparatus can will not by the smooth operation of the cooperation realization device of device various pieces with independent operating Interference by extraneous non-natural factor: in water-storage part, the voltage swing of battery, which can regulate and control, to draw water or discharges water ground It is automatic to carry out.Whole device has preferable independence, under normal circumstances can the normal work of long-time without carrying out manual intervention Make.
5. efficiently utilizing resource
For water cooling plant after solar panel cools down, water heat absorption heating can reduce one by family's normal use Divide the electrical loss of heating water;
Solar panel greatly improves the absorption efficiency of light, can more efficiently absorb the sun after cooling Light;
The tower of Wind turbines is coated with flexible solar cell, has not only saved the occupied area of device, but also can be more Add fully using solar energy, improves generated energy.
The device of the utility model has universality, is particularly suitable for the outlying district that natural conditions are severe, sparsely populated The electric power scarce areas assembled with ethnic group, can be good at solving the problems, such as electric power scarcity.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the connection schematic diagram of the device of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of the water-storage device of the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the operation schematic diagram on the utility model daytime.
Fig. 4 is the operation schematic diagram at the utility model night.
Fig. 5 is the solar panel water cooling plant of the utility model and the schematic diagram of purifier.
Fig. 6 is the schematic layout pattern of the flexible solar cell of the utility model.
Fig. 7 is the wind power generation plant whole year wind speed frequency histogram of the utility model.
Fig. 8 is the wind power generation plant power graph of the utility model.
Specific embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawing, it elaborates to embodiment.
A kind of scene water is provided multiple forms of energy to complement each other comprehensive utilization device, as shown in Figure 1, comprising: wind power generation plant, wind-power electricity generation Controller, photovoltaic electricity generation controller, battery group, is taken out photovoltaic power generation apparatus (including solar panel and flexible solar cell) Water energy storage equipment, inverter;
The wind power generation plant is electrically connected the wind power generation controller, described in the wind power generation controller electrical connection Battery group, the photovoltaic power generation apparatus (including solar panel and flexible solar cell) are electrically connected the photovoltaic power generation control Device, the photovoltaic electricity generation controller are electrically connected the battery group, and the water-storage device is electrically connected the battery group;
Further include: water cooling plant, purifier;
The battery group is electrically connected the inverter, and the inverter is electrically connected household load;
Water cooling plant one end connection purifier reconnects lower reservoir, and one end connects household water;
The wind power generation plant utilizes wind power generation, and the wind power generation controller controls the wind power generation plant hair Electric energy out gives the battery charging, and the photovoltaic power generation apparatus (including solar panel and flexible solar cell) utilizes Solar power generation, the photovoltaic electricity generation controller control photovoltaic power generation apparatus (including solar panel and flexible sun electricity Pond) to the battery charging, the water-storage device is generated electricity to the battery group using the hydraulic turbine for the electric energy that issues It charges, the water pump in the water-storage device will be in the water-storage device reservoir using the electric energy of the battery group Water be evacuated to eminence storage, the DC conversion stored in the battery group is alternating current by the inverter, negative for family Electric energy needed for providing is provided.
The wind power generation plant includes: wind wheel body, wind wheel piece, to wind apparatus, generator, pylon, wind turbine flange Seat, wind turbine shaft, wind wheel hub, anti-loose nut and radome fairing;Wind wheel body front end is provided with the wind wheel piece, is used as wind Can capture device, the wind wheel body rear end is provided with described to wind apparatus, is used as adjusted device, the wind wheel internal body It is provided with the generator, the wind wheel piece is fixed in the wind wheel hub, and the wind wheel hub passes through the anti-loose nut and institute It states wind turbine shaft to be fixedly connected, drives the electrical power generators, the wind wheel hub front end using wind turbine shaft described in wind-energy rotating It is provided with the radome fairing, the pylon is rotatably connect by the wind turbine flange seat with the wind wheel body.
The present apparatus uses NE-300S type wind-driven generator, and blower relevant parameter is shown in Table 1, uses new-type tail vane as tune To mechanism, its span and the ratio of chord length are 2:5, react sensitive to wind vector, tracing property is good.
1 wind-driven generator structure functional parameter of table
Photovoltaic power generation apparatus (including solar panel and flexible solar cell) is that solar radiant energy is converted to direct current Can, then direct current energy is converted by AC energy by inverter, for electric energy needed for supplying water-storage device water pump.Together When connection battery group carry out energy storage in case bad weather under the conditions of power supply.The photovoltaic power generation apparatus (including solar cell Plate and flexible solar cell) in solar panel carry out photovoltaic power generation using 1.2m × 0.54m solar panels, design parameter is shown in Table 2
2 solar panel characteristics of table
The water-storage device includes: upper reservoir, lower reservoir, water pump, pipeline, the hydraulic turbine, the upper reservoir It is connected with the lower reservoir by the pipeline and constitutes water circulation structure, water pump described in daytime is filled using the wind-power electricity generation It sets and the water in the lower reservoir is evacuated to the upper storage by the pipeline with electric energy caused by the photovoltaic power generation apparatus It is stored in pond, the water in the upper reservoir flows into the hydraulic turbine by the pipeline and is delivered to the battery group at night Middle storage.Energy conversion is as shown in Figure 2.On daytime, the accumulator electric-quantity starts water-storage when being higher than 95%, night, described Accumulator electric-quantity starts to carry out the power generation that discharges water when being lower than 40%.As shown in figs. 34.
The water cooling plant includes: water inlet line, water pump, snakelike pipeline, water pump, outlet conduit, the water inlet line from The pumping for water pump is utilized in the lower reservoir, purification is filtered to water by the purifier, using the snake Shape pipeline carries out heat temperature raising to water, then water is delivered in family via the outlet conduit by the water pump.Such as Fig. 5 institute Show.
Flexible solar cell in the photovoltaic power generation apparatus is covered on the surface of Wind turbines tower, using solar energy into Row photovoltaic power generation;As shown in Figure 6.
The upper reservoir is top external diameter 550mm, upper internal diameter 490mm, lower outer diameter 420mm, lower internal diameter 410mm, height 630mm, volume are about the circle plastic bucket of 100L.
The rectangle plastic cistern that the lower reservoir is long 730, wide 540, high 500, volume is about 160L.
The water pump is commutated using electronic building brick, is commutated without practical carbon brush, and carbon brush abrasion problem is not present.Water pump simultaneously Stator and rotor contacted completely with water, stator and circuit board are all made of epoxy resin encapsulated, have water-proof function, service life It is long.Pump shaft becomes closed static seal by dynamic sealing, thoroughly avoids medium leakage, is not necessarily to independent lubricating and cooling water, power consumption Low, power is strong, and work efficiency is high.The hydraulic turbine is direct current 12V pressure stabilizing output, 10.5 ± 0.5 Ω of line resistance, water outlet envelope Highest pressure resistance 0.6Mpa is closed, the open highest pressure resistance 1.2Mpa of water outlet starts hydraulic pressure 0.05Mpa, between centers gap 0.2-1.0mm, Mechanicalness noise<55dB, generator life>3000h, the family's water pipe 4 for connecing standard are in charge of.The water pipe is family's water pipe of standard 4 are in charge of, outer diameter 20mm, internal diameter 13mm, and a length of 2 meters.
Efficiency calculation:
The generated energy of wind power generation plant calculates
By taking Sichuan as an example, eastern Sichuan's annual mean wind speed is 5~7m/s, as shown in Figure 7;Thus the power of wind energy conversion system Curve obtains: in rated wind speed 13m/s, wind wheel output power is rated power 300W;Under annual mean wind speed, wind energy conversion system is defeated Power is 20~60W out;By annual generated energy calculation formula:
In formula: P (u) is power curve function, unit W;fwIt (u) is wind speed profile function;VinTo cut wind speed, take 2m/s;VoutFor cut-out wind speed, 25m/s is taken;N0For annual hourage, N0=8765 (considering the leap year)
It calculates: annual electricity generating capacity Ey=1317.717kWh, per day generated energy Es=3.61kWh
And the power graph (such as Fig. 8) of annual wind speed frequency histogram (such as Fig. 7) and wind-power electricity generation rotor
Photovoltaic power generation apparatus generated energy calculates
The mathematical formulae of solar panel daily generation:
In formula:
EsiThe average electric energy issued daily of-solar cell panel, kWh;
HTi- compoboard plane i-th month the amount of radiation received on daily unit area, MJ/m2
ηmThe transfer efficiency of-component, usually 8%~16%;
FtiThe temperature correction factor of-the i-th month component transfer efficiency;
FpThe package factor of-component, the ratio between effective cell area and the component gross area, usual Fp> 0.8;
Fs- dust accumulation the factor, the ratio between generated energy when generated energy and surface when assembly surface dust accumulation clean completely, for Family takes 1 with system;
Fu- component does not operate at maximum power point the system performance ionic size mismatch for influencing component output power, generally takes 0.95;
F0- since the other factors such as material aging, performance decline influence the modifying factor of component output power, generally take 0.98;
A-solar panel gross area, m2
Solar panel effective area is 1.05m × 0.5m=0.525m herein2.Solar irradiation is referring to Yunnan-guizhou Area, daily Horizontal irradiation and inclined surface irradiation data are as follows:
Solar tracking mode Fixed window
Gradient 45.0
Azimuth 0.0
It is about 1165.309kWh that annual electricity generating capacity, which is calculated, per day generated energy Esi=0.301kWh.
Hydroelectric generation puts together the water energy of dispersion, introduces in the hydraulic turbine water flow by water diverting structure, impacts water wheels Machine makes its rotation, generates mechanical energy, then drive generator by the hydraulic turbine, can issue water energy.
In one cycle operational process, draw water electricity consumption EPWith generated energy ETCalculation formula can be described as
EP=0.0027VH/ ηP
ET=0.0027VH ηT
In formula: V --- upper pool or the accumulation of energy storage capacity in lower pond, m3
The average water head of H --- generating operation mode or the average lift of pumping operation mode, m;
ηT、ηP--- it is respectively the operational efficiency of generating operation mode and pumping operation mode, %.
η=ET/EPT·ηP
Generating operation mode characteristic head calculation formula is
Maximum head
HTmax=ZUN-ZLD-ΔHT
Minimum head
HTmin=ZUD-ZLN-ΔHT
Average water head
HTd=Σ HTN/ΣN
In formula: ZUN--- upper pool normal pool level, m;
ZLD--- lower pond level of dead water, m;
ZUD--- upper pool level of dead water, m;
ZLN--- lower pond normal pool level, m;
ΔHT--- generating operation mode head loss, m;
HT--- productive head, m;
N --- generated output, kW.
Pumping operation mode feature lift calculation formula is H-Max
HPmax=ZUN-ZLD+ΔHP
Minimum lift
HPmin=ZUD-ZLN+ΔHP
Average lift
Hpd=(HPmax+HPmin)/2
In formula: Δ HP--- pumping operation mode head loss, m;
ZUN--- upper pool normal pool level, m;
ZLD--- lower pond level of dead water, m;
ZUD--- upper pool level of dead water, m;
ZLN--- lower pond normal pool level, m;
N=9.81 η QHOnly(KW) E=0.0027 η WH (KW.h)
Wherein:According to the scale in power station, K=8.5 generally is taken to large hydropower station;Medium-sized water Power station K=8.0~8.5;Small hydropower station K=6.0~7.5;And the K in our device will be taken as 6, η and will take 0.612。
It draws water and generating operation mode:Take low value safer;0.95 be for Retain 5% surplus capacity.
Water-storage in device is only model, and specific scale can be according to home-use electricity and blower and photovoltaic power generation quantity Appropriate adjustment.
By taking upper and lower water storage pool volume is 3 meters of 500 cubic metres of average water heads as an example
E=0.0027 × 0.612 × 500 × 3=2.47KWh
3 calculated result summary sheet of table
The free-standing household multi-energy complementation comprehensive utilization device of the utility model can run well in whole year, experimental result card Bright, which reaches 3.61KWh in only wind energy part operation Shi Yitian generated energy, is when only solar energy part is run 0.3KWh, and wind energy and the generated energy of the sun and water energy one day after has been cooperateed with to can reach 6.38KWh, according to 3 mouthfuls of family of investigation It is average to can satisfy 3 mouthfuls of the basic power demand of family after adjustment according to the actual situation daily using 5 degree electricity, it can be effectively Solve the problems, such as electric power scarcity from far-off regions.
This embodiment is only the preferable specific embodiment of the utility model, but the protection scope of the utility model not office It is limited to this, anyone skilled in the art within the technical scope disclosed by the utility model, can readily occur in Change or replacement should be covered within the scope of the utility model.Therefore, the protection scope of the utility model should be with Subject to scope of protection of the claims.

Claims (8)

  1. The comprehensive utilization device 1. a kind of scene water is provided multiple forms of energy to complement each other characterized by comprising wind power generation plant passes through wind-power electricity generation Controller is connected with battery group, and photovoltaic power generation apparatus is connected by photovoltaic electricity generation controller with battery group, water-storage dress Upper reservoir in setting passes through the hydraulic turbine with lower reservoir respectively and connects with water pump, and the hydraulic turbine and water pump are connect with battery group; The hydraulic turbine discharges water power generation to battery charging using the downward reservoir of upper reservoir;Battery group storage wind-force and Photovoltaic electricity is used for household electricity and pump working;Water in lower reservoir is extracted into accumulation of energy in upper reservoir by the water pump.
  2. 2. comprehensive utilization device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the water pump pumps the water in lower reservoir It cools to the solar panel in photovoltaic power generation apparatus.
  3. 3. comprehensive utilization device according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the back side of the solar panel is equipped with snakelike The water pipe of arrangement, the water in water pipe after heat absorption heating are used for domestic hot water.
  4. 4. comprehensive utilization device according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the front upper portion of the solar panel is equipped with Spray head washes away cleaning solar battery plate surface with the water that water pump is drawn up.
  5. 5. comprehensive utilization device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the water pump inlet is equipped with purifier.
  6. 6. any comprehensive utilization device according to claim 1~5, which is characterized in that the upper reservoir or wind-power electricity generation The tower surface of device is covered with solar panel or battery thin film.
  7. 7. any comprehensive utilization device according to claim 1~5, which is characterized in that the water pump is changed using electronic building brick To the stator and rotor of water pump are contacted with water completely, and stator and circuit board are all made of epoxy resin encapsulated, and pump shaft is closed quiet Sealing.
  8. 8. any comprehensive utilization device according to claim 1~5, which is characterized in that the wind power generation plant includes: wind Take turns body, wind wheel piece, to wind apparatus, generator, pylon, wind turbine flange seat, wind turbine shaft, wind wheel hub, anti-loose nut and whole Stream cover;Wind wheel body front end is provided with the wind wheel piece, is used as wind energy capture device, the wind wheel body rear end setting Have described to wind apparatus, is used as adjusted device, the wind wheel internal body is provided with the generator, and the wind wheel piece is fixed In the wind wheel hub, the wind wheel hub is fixedly connected by the anti-loose nut with the wind turbine shaft, utilizes wind-energy rotating The wind turbine shaft drives the electrical power generators, and the wind wheel hub front end is provided with the radome fairing, and the pylon passes through institute Wind turbine flange seat is stated rotatably to connect with the wind wheel body.
CN201920378089.3U 2019-03-25 2019-03-25 A kind of scene water is provided multiple forms of energy to complement each other comprehensive utilization device Expired - Fee Related CN209627043U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111416419A (en) * 2020-05-21 2020-07-14 上海明略人工智能(集团)有限公司 Method, device and system for supplying power to equipment located on reservoir site

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111416419A (en) * 2020-05-21 2020-07-14 上海明略人工智能(集团)有限公司 Method, device and system for supplying power to equipment located on reservoir site

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Granted publication date: 20191112

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