CN108739617A - A kind of sturgeon industrial circulating water cultivating water system - Google Patents

A kind of sturgeon industrial circulating water cultivating water system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108739617A
CN108739617A CN201810427856.5A CN201810427856A CN108739617A CN 108739617 A CN108739617 A CN 108739617A CN 201810427856 A CN201810427856 A CN 201810427856A CN 108739617 A CN108739617 A CN 108739617A
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China
Prior art keywords
water
unit
pond
sturgeon
circulating water
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CN201810427856.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108739617B (en
Inventor
许式见
石灏
邵辉
胡谋
朱建新
夏永涛
王斌
黄剑波
陈新
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Quzhou Xun Long Aquatic Food Science And Technology Development Co Ltd
Hangzhou Qiandaohu Xunlong Sci-Tech Co Ltd
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Quzhou Xun Long Aquatic Food Science And Technology Development Co Ltd
Hangzhou Qiandaohu Xunlong Sci-Tech Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/042Introducing gases into the water, e.g. aerators, air pumps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/045Filters for aquaria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/047Liquid pumps for aquaria

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of sturgeon industrial circulating water cultivating water system, including aquaculture pond, aquaculture pond water system includes the perennial draingage water system for automatically switching to supply water and circulating water supply system, circulating water supply system include with lower unit:Physical filtering unit, physical filtering unit are connected to aquaculture pond;Deaerate unit, and degassing unit is arranged at physical filtering cellular system rear portion;Biologic purification units, biologic purification units are arranged at the rear portion of degassing cellular system;Oxygenation unit, oxygenation unit are arranged at the rear portion of biologic purification units system and are connected to aquaculture pond;Sterilization unit, sterilization unit are respectively communicated with physical filtering unit and biologic purification units;And temperature conditioning unit, temperature conditioning unit are connected to biologic purification units.The water system, the water system automatically switched using two sets, can realize that sturgeon kind cultivation density is big, operation energy consumption is low, operate steadily efficient purpose, and sturgeon is made to be in a relatively controllable ecological environment.

Description

A kind of sturgeon industrial circulating water cultivating water system
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of aquaculture, more specifically to a kind of sturgeon industrial circulating water cultivating supplies water System.
Background technology
Circulating water culture system has had been provided with cultivation density height, not by season as modern intensive aquaculture pattern Section limitation, water-saving province, the advantages such as environment is controllable.In Europe, it is fast that the cultivation of high density closed circulation water has become a development The technology-intensive industries of speed.Currently, each aquaculture power of the world is just surrounding the ecological engineered of circulating water cultivation, water cycle The efficient technologies such as aquaculture model and corresponding facility, mechanization, informationization and the dresses such as equipment, integrated farming, separation reinforcing It is standby to carry out primary study.Circulating water cultivation research in China starts late, in recent years, China's independent research multifunctional protein point It is net from device, multifunctional solid-liquid separator device, modular ultraviolet sterilization apparatus, highly effective oxygen dissolving device device, elastic brush biology Change institutions, the circulating water cultivation purification of water quality treatment process such as carrier to be also further improved.Currently, China's batch production follows It is about 1 × 10 that ring water, which cultivates scale,6m2, cultivation type includes seawater fish, prawn etc..
Chinese patent literature(The day for announcing:2011-02-02, notification number:101785399B)Disclose a kind of double-deck fish and happiness Water plant symbiosis type industrial circulating water cultivating system comprising the watercress planting unit of Dual-layer setting and sturgeon are supported Device is grown, in the side of the sturgeon cultivation device and watercress planting unit setting micro-filtration, biofilter, the other side Water quality preparing pool is set, the water of the sturgeon cultivation device output sequentially enters the micro-filtration and biofilter through pipeline, The watercress planting unit is entered back into, the water quality preparing pool is entered by the water of watercress planting unit output Afterwards, recycling is recycled to the sturgeon cultivation device, forms a closed circulatory system.Further include supporting in the cultivating system Grow system pollution discharge treating device, the pollution discharge treating device include respectively with sturgeon cultivation device, micro-filtration, biofilter The sludge-tank of bottom connection, and with the stabilization pond of sludge-tank connection and the methane-generating pit that is connect with the stabilization pond.
Have using circulating water cultivation in existing technology, but the particularity that sturgeon requires living environment due to it, High value feature including water quality, temperature, dissolved oxygen etc. and sturgeon itself, the application of circulating water culture system face bigger Risk and difficulty.Therefore, it is necessary to be improved design for its water system according to sturgeon performance.
Invention content
The present invention is directed to sturgeon in terms of industrial aquaculture water supply, the water system that can be mutually switched using two sets, with And the multiple technologies means such as water temperature regulation and control, biological cleaning and sterilizing, so that cultivation object is in a relatively controllable ecology In environment, solve the problems, such as sturgeon parent population breeding and caviar because its biological characteristics Seasonal Production, realize sturgeon seed and The sturgeon industrial circulating water cultivating water system of the long-term production and supply of roe jam products.
Technical solution is used by the present invention realizes its first technical purpose:A kind of sturgeon industrial circulating water cultivating Water system, including aquaculture pond,
The aquaculture pond water system includes automatically switching the perennial draingage water system and circulating water supply system of water supply, described Circulating water supply system include with lower unit:
Physical filtering unit, for removing residual bait and fish body excreta of the grain size more than 50 μm;The physical filtering unit with Aquaculture pond is connected to;
Deaerate unit, for removing removing and harmful gas;The degassing unit is arranged at physical filtering cellular system rear portion;
Biologic purification units for purifying aquatic water and control ammonia nitrogen in breeding water body, nitrite poisonous and harmful substance Concentration;The biologic purification units are arranged at the rear portion of degassing cellular system;
Oxygenation unit, for guiding to the pure oxygen in outdoor liquid oxygen tank in cultivating system;The oxygenation unit is arranged in biology The rear portion of clean unit system is simultaneously connected to aquaculture pond;
Sterilization unit, the sterilization unit are respectively communicated with physical filtering unit and biologic purification units;
And temperature conditioning unit, the temperature conditioning unit are connected to biologic purification units.
The sturgeon industrial circulating water cultivating water system carries out two sets of water system switchable types to sturgeon culturing pond and supplies The design of water, two sets of water systems can automatically switch using according to sturgeon growth and development situation, and cultivation actual needs Perennial draingage water system still uses circulating water supply system.And brand-new design has then been carried out for circulating water supply system, Circulating water supply system mainly by physical filtering unit, degassing unit, biologic purification units, oxygenation unit, sterilization unit and Several big modules compositions such as temperature conditioning unit are carried out by processing accuracy to entire circulating water supply system and mutual coupling Good design so that whole system realizes advanced, stability and economy combination, can realize sturgeon kind Cultivation density is big, operation energy consumption is low, operate steadily efficient purpose, and sturgeon is made to be in a relatively controllable ecological environment, It solves the problems, such as the Seasonal Production of the breeding of sturgeon parent population and caviar because of its biological characteristics, realizes sturgeon seed and caviar The long-term production and supply of product.The design of circulating water supply system is so that the tail water pollution of circulating water supply system discharge is real simultaneously Controllability is showed.
Preferably, the perennial draingage water system selects phreatic water, the perennial draingage water system and recirculated water It supports water system and realizes that switching, the outlet pipe include perennial draingage outlet pipe and follow by the control of aquaculture pond outlet pipe height Ring water return pipe, when perennial draingage outlet pipe is higher than recirculated water return pipe, water outlet enters circulating water supply system;When recirculated water return water Pipe is higher than perennial draingage outlet pipe, then water outlet is flowed directly out without circulation outside culture zone, into perennial draingage water system. The preferred phreatic water of perennial draingage water system supplies water, and the water temperature of phreatic water is stablized throughout the year at 20 DEG C or so, and the temperature control system energy is reduced Consumption.And perennial draingage water system is supported water system and is realized by the control of aquaculture pond outlet pipe height and switches with recirculated water, energy Enough automatic adjustments for meeting sturgeon cultivation well, make cultivation object be in a relatively controllable ecological environment always.
Preferably, the physical filtering unit includes full-automatic separation of solid and liquid Microfilter, water pump and protein separator, The full-automatic separation of solid and liquid Microfilter is connected to protein separator by pipeline connection aquaculture pond and water pump, the water pump. It is full-automatic to be separated by solid-liquid separation one of the capital equipment that Microfilter is microgrid filtering, grain size is mainly removed in circulating water cultivation is more than 50 μm residual bait and fish body excreta, have and save water and energy effect, stability of rotation, low noise, compact-sized, operation is easy to maintenance, Service life length etc. is a little.Protein separator is effective dress that fine particulate matter and dissolved organic matter are removed in fresh water treatment It is standby.
Preferably, the full-automatic separation of solid and liquid Microfilter is provided with two sets, the automatically separation of solid and liquid is micro- Filter uses the adjustable high Performance fiber filter of fiber hole;The protein separator for remove fine particulate matter and Dissolved organic matter, the protein separator are the jet stream foam separator for being internally provided with ejector.Full-automatic solid-liquid point The adjustable high Performance fiber filter of fiber hole is used from Microfilter, there is higher flux, fiber hole is adjusted, according to Different water quality carries out type selecting filtering, and two sets of Microfilter the using and the reserved, and another is automatically turned on when realizing a backwash Equipment, connection operation do not rest, automation backwash easy to implement.Protein separator utilizes unique ejector of its interior design And internal structure, so that carbonated drink is sufficiently mixed, and generate a large amount of microbubble in water(Diameter is less than 1.0mm).Due to microbubble The surface tension of gas-liquid interface and electrostatic adsorption, the protein being dissolved in water(The excreta and food of fish, shrimp, shellfish The formation such as object residue)Adherency holds up and separates from water, avoids it from resolving into noxious material, to reach the mesh of purified water 's.
Preferably, the degassing unit includes dribble-feed degassing pond and aerator.In sturgeon and biofilter Microorganism is drained daily in a large amount of exhaust gas (such as CO2) to cultivating system, and a large amount of exhaust gas accumulation can not only reduce the pH of water, And the exhaust gas in water can influence the normal exchange to water intermediate ion and gas of the sturgeon parotid gland, influence the normal life of sturgeon breeding Long and disease resistance.It is provided with dribble-feed degassing pond before entering biofilter, and is mounted with aerator, has reached and has effectively gone The purpose of removing and harmful gas.
Preferably, using immersion biological filter, the immersion biology mistake in the biologic purification units Filter tank uses five sections of continuous-flow type biofilters;The immersion biological filter is set as matrix pattern structure, is provided with four Partition wall, the immersion biological filter are intake using high-order water distributor, first of partition wall bottom of pond flowing water, on second partition wall Crest of weir flowing water, third road partition wall bottom of pond flowing water, crest of weir flowing water on the 4th partition wall, last high position crest of weir water outlet.Biological cleaning is The core technology link of circulating water treatment, in controlling breeding water body in terms of the poisonous and harmful substances concentration such as ammonia nitrogen, nitrite It plays a very important role.The immersion biological filter of use can effectively realize the purification to recirculated water.The immersion It is sphere of movements for the elephants shape that biological filter, which uses five sections of continuous-flow type biofilters, water rolling flow in pond, immersion biological filter, If four walls, intake using high-order water distributor, first of partition wall bottom of pond flowing water, crest of weir flowing water on second partition wall, third road every Wall bottom of pond flowing water, crest of weir flowing water on the 4th partition wall, last high position crest of weir water outlet, such structured filter effect are good.
Preferably, the oxygenation unit uses nano-plates oxygenation, the oxygenation unit to include outdoor liquid oxygen tank, subtract Pressure valve, evaporator, control valve, flowmeter, liquid level display and oxygen therapy air pipe and oxygenation pond.Oxygenation unit is in order to will be outdoor Pure oxygen in liquid oxygen tank is guided in cultivating system, and oxygenation unit is set as above structure, liquid oxygen by pressure reducing valve, evaporator, Control valve, flowmeter, liquid level show and cure by oxygen therapy air pipe etc., become gaseous state oxygen and are transported to each oxygen workshop, using nanometer Plate oxygenation, oxygenation effect are good.
Preferably, the sterilization unit includes ozone sterilization chlorination equipment and ultraviolet sterilization sterilizing unit, it is described Ozone sterilization chlorination equipment for killing bacterium, virus and parasitic ovum in physical filtering unit, the ultraviolet sterilization Chlorination equipment is used to carry out sterilizing to biologic purification units.Sterilization mode is using ozone sterilization and ultraviolet light (UV) sterilization two Kind, two kinds of sterilizing installations effectively reduce the probability that pathogen enters aquaculture pond.
Preferably, the ultraviolet sterilization sterilizing unit is channeltype disinfection by ultraviolet light pond, the channeltype is purple Outside line sterilization pool is internally provided with ultraviolet germicidal lamp tube module and reflector, and ultraviolet germicidal lamp tube module setting exists Channeltype disinfection by ultraviolet light pond is high-order, inside low level Inlet and outlet water segmental channel, and the reflector is arranged in channel Side and top.Ultraviolet light (UV) sterilization is that have many advantages, such as good bactericidal effect, noresidue, easy to control.Channeltype ultraviolet light disappears Several high-intensity ultraviolet germicidal tubes are designed to module by malicious pond, are directly installed on high-order, low level Inlet and outlet water segmental In channel, special reflector is installed at channel medial surface and top.Recirculated water undulatory motion in series connection pond, water are uniform with fluorescent tube Contact, extends contact time, and improves disinfecting power.Channeltype disinfection by ultraviolet light pond builds that pond is at low cost, flow is big, especially ties up Repair, to clean fluorescent tube convenient, more efficient than traditional closed sterilizer, removal of bacteria rate is up to 99% or more.
Preferably, temperature conditioning unit carries out temperature control using two-way air-cooler.Temperature conditioning unit is controlled using two-way air-cooler Temperature, sturgeon belong to sub- cold water fishes, and summer water temperature is not higher than 21 DEG C, and the megathermal period opens two-way air-cooler, maintains water temperature at 21 DEG C or less.For circulating water cultivation compared with water-flowing type aquaculture pattern, sharpest edges are just embodied in breeding water body heating or refrigeration side The energy-saving effect in face, usual recirculated water are more energy saving than continuous-flow type up to 70% or more.
Preferably, tail water environmental protection treatment unit is additionally provided in circulating water supply system, the tail water environmental protection treatment Unit is separately connected physical filtering unit and biologic purification units;The tail water environmental protection treatment unit includes regulating reservoir, is promoted After pump, high-speed fibre accurate filter, discharge irrigation canals and ditches, sludge-tank, horizontal centrifugal spiral thickener, chemicals dosing plant and desiccation Reason.Immersion biological filter and the full-automatic regular waste discharge of Microfilter that is separated by solid-liquid separation in biologic purification units first come together in In regulating reservoir, regulating reservoir is arranged elevator pump and is filtered processing to discharge water, and high-speed fibre accurate filter uses 2 sets, and one uses One is standby, automatically turns on another equipment when realizing a backwash, continuous operation is not rested, and it is total can be discharged into plant area for recirculated water after filtering It recycles irrigation canals and ditches and carries out uniform effluent, backwashing sludge can be discharged into sludge-tank and carry out initial concentration.Elevator pump is arranged to dense in sludge-tank Contracting sludge carries out being promoted to horizontal centrifugal spiral thickener, can suitably add medicament and be concentrated to sludge, thickener filtrate row Put regulating reservoir, mud cake pack unified disposition after collecting.So that 15~20% sewage in whole system is discharged, while supplementing new Fresh water.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The sturgeon industrial circulating water cultivating water system is automatically switched using two sets Water system realizes advanced, stability and economy combination, can realize that sturgeon kind cultivation density is big, transports Low energy consumption, operate steadily efficient purpose for row, so that sturgeon is in a relatively controllable ecological environment, solves sturgeon parent population Breeding and caviar because of the Seasonal Production problem of its biological characteristics, realize the long-term production of sturgeon seed and roe jam products Supply.Perennial draingage water system is intake using deep, and water temperature is stablized throughout the year at 20 DEG C or so, and temperature control system energy consumption is reduced;Fish Sub- sauce production is controllable without seasonality production, and according to sturgeon gonad development accumulated temperature rule, raun sexual gland is controlled into trip temperature adjusting Development;Double sterilization decontamination system, ultraviolet sterilization, ozone sterilization realize the controllability of disease.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of process route chart of sturgeon industrial circulating water cultivating water system of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of sturgeon industrial circulating water cultivating water system of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of another angle of sturgeon industrial circulating water cultivating water system of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is a kind of setting structure schematic diagram of outlet pipe in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is a kind of application drawing of sturgeon industrial circulating water cultivating water system of the present invention;
In figure:I, perennial draingage water system, II, circulating water supply system, III, tail water environmental protection treatment unit, 1 aquaculture pond, 2, object Manage filter element, 3, degassing unit, 4, biologic purification units, 5, oxygenation unit, 6, sterilization unit, 7, temperature conditioning unit, 8, it is complete from It is dynamic to be separated by solid-liquid separation Microfilter, 9, water pump, 10, protein separator, 11, dribble-feed deaerate pond, 12, aerator, 13, outdoor liquid oxygen Tank, 14, pressure reducing valve, 15, evaporator, 16, control valve, 17, flowmeter, 18, liquid level display, 19, oxygen therapy air pipe, 20, increase Oxygen pond, 21, ozone sterilization chlorination equipment, 22, ultraviolet sterilization sterilizing unit, 23, ultraviolet germicidal lamp tube module, 24, reflective Plate, 25, high-order water distributor, 26, first of partition wall, 27, second partition wall, 28, third road partition wall, the 29, the 4th partition wall, 30, Perennial draingage outlet pipe, 31, recirculated water return pipe.
Specific implementation mode
It is described in further detail below by specific embodiment and in conjunction with attached drawing to technical scheme of the present invention.
Embodiment 1:
In Fig. 1, Fig. 2, embodiment shown in Fig. 3, a kind of sturgeon industrial circulating water cultivating water system, including aquaculture pond 1, The cultivation place of sturgeon;Aquaculture pond can need to be provided with multiple according to cultivation;
Aquaculture pond water system includes the perennial draingage water system I for automatically switching to supply water and circulating water supply system II, recirculated water Water system II includes with lower unit:
Physical filtering unit 2, for removing residual bait and fish body excreta of the grain size more than 50 μm;Physical filtering unit 2 and cultivation Pond 1 is connected to;
Deaerate unit 3, for removing removing and harmful gas;The unit 3 that deaerates is arranged at 2 system rear portion of physical filtering unit;
Biologic purification units 4 for purifying aquatic water and control ammonia nitrogen in breeding water body, nitrite poisonous and harmful substance Concentration;Biologic purification units 4 are arranged at the rear portion of degassing 3 system of unit;Biologic purification units 4 are given birth to including level-one in the present embodiment Object clarifier-tank, two stage biological clarifier-tank and three-level biological purifying tank;
Oxygenation unit 5, for guiding to the pure oxygen in outdoor liquid oxygen tank in cultivating system;Oxygenation unit 5 is arranged in biological cleaning The rear portion of 4 system of unit is simultaneously connected to aquaculture pond 1;
Sterilization unit 6, sterilization unit 6 are respectively communicated with physical filtering unit 2 and biologic purification units 4;
And temperature conditioning unit 7, temperature conditioning unit 7 are connected to biologic purification units 4.
Perennial draingage water system I selects phreatic water, perennial draingage water system I to support water system II with recirculated water and pass through cultivation Switching is realized in the control of 1 outlet pipe height of pond, and outlet pipe includes perennial draingage outlet pipe 30 and recirculated water return pipe 31(See Fig. 4), When perennial draingage outlet pipe 30 is higher than recirculated water return pipe 31, water outlet enters circulating water supply system II;When recirculated water return pipe 31 Higher than perennial draingage outlet pipe 30, then water outlet is flowed directly out without circulation outside culture zone, into perennial draingage water system Ⅰ。
Physical filtering unit 2 includes full-automatic separation of solid and liquid Microfilter 8, water pump 9 and protein separator 10, full-automatic solid-liquid Microfilter 8 is detached by pipeline connection aquaculture pond 1 and water pump 9, water pump 9 is connected to protein separator 10.Protein separator 10 is used for It is the jet stream foam fraction factor for being internally provided with ejector to remove fine particulate matter and dissolved organic matter, protein separator 10 Device.The full-automatic Microfilter 8 that is separated by solid-liquid separation is provided with two sets, and the full-automatic Microfilter 8 that is separated by solid-liquid separation uses fiber hole adjustable High Performance fiber filter;Different model can be selected according to water quality using the size of fiber hole, to meet filtering needs.Entirely certainly It is dynamic to be separated by solid-liquid separation one of the capital equipment that Microfilter 8 is microgrid filtering, main residual bait of the removal grain size more than 50 μm and fish body row Object is let out, there is effect of saving water and energy, stability of rotation, low noise, compact-sized, operation is easy to maintenance, and service life length etc. is a little.
Protein separator 10 is effective equipment that fine particulate matter and dissolved organic matter are removed in fresh water treatment.It utilizes The internal structure for designing unique inner jet device and deft design, makes carbonated drink be sufficiently mixed, and generates in water a large amount of micro- Bubble(Diameter is less than 1.0mm).Surface tension due to microbubble gas-liquid interface and electrostatic adsorption, are dissolved in water Protein(The formation such as fish, shrimp, the excreta of shellfish and swill)Adherency holds up and separates from water, it is avoided to resolve into Noxious material, to achieve the purpose that purified water.
The unit 3 that deaerates includes dribble-feed degassing pond 11 and aerator 12.Microorganism in sturgeon and biofilter is daily It drains in a large amount of exhaust gas (such as CO2) to cultivating system, a large amount of exhaust gas accumulation can not only reduce the pH of water, but also in water Exhaust gas can influence the normal exchange to water intermediate ion and gas of the sturgeon parotid gland, influence the normal growth of sturgeon breeding and disease-resistant energy Power.It is provided with dribble-feed degassing pond before entering biologic purification units 4, and is mounted with aerator, has reached and has effectively removed The purpose of evil gas.In the present embodiment, the specification length and width depth in dribble-feed degassing pond 11 is 3.3m 0.5m 1.5m.
Immersion biological filter, immersion biological filter is used to be given birth to using five sections of continuous-flow types in biologic purification units 4 Object filter tank.Immersion biological filter is set as matrix pattern structure, is provided with four partition walls, immersion biological filter is using high Position water distributor 25 is intake, first of 26 bottom of pond flowing water of partition wall, crest of weir flowing water on second partition wall 27,28 bottom of pond stream of third road partition wall Water, crest of weir flowing water on the 4th partition wall 29, last high position crest of weir water outlet.Biological cleaning is the core technology ring of circulating water treatment Section, plays a very important role in controlling breeding water body in terms of the poisonous and harmful substances concentration such as ammonia nitrogen, nitrite.Biology Clean unit 4 uses submerged bio-filter, and using 3 D elastic filler, three-dimension web-like media, biological ball, biological ceramic particle Etc. being filtered.Submerged bio-filter uses five sections of continuous-flow type biofilters, and water rolling flow in pond, biofilter is Sphere of movements for the elephants shape is intake if four walls using high-order water distributor, first of partition wall bottom of pond flowing water, crest of weir flowing water on second partition wall, Third road partition wall bottom of pond flowing water, crest of weir flowing water on the 4th partition wall, last high position crest of weir water outlet.
Oxygenation unit 5 uses nano-plates oxygenation, oxygenation unit 5 include outdoor liquid oxygen tank 13, pressure reducing valve 14, evaporator 15, Control valve 16, flowmeter 17, liquid level display 18 and oxygen therapy air pipe 19 and oxygenation pond 20.Oxygenation unit 5 is by outdoor liquid oxygen Pure oxygen in tank is guided in cultivating system, and liquid oxygen shows and cures by oxygen therapy by pressure reducing valve, evaporator, control valve, flowmeter, liquid level Air pipe etc. becomes gaseous state oxygen and is transported to each oxygen workshop, using nano-plates oxygenation.In the present embodiment, the rule of oxygenation pond Lattice length and width depth is 3.3m 0.5m 1.5m.
Sterilization unit 6 includes ozone sterilization chlorination equipment 21 and ultraviolet sterilization sterilizing unit 22, ozone sterilization disinfection dress 21 are set for killing bacterium, virus and parasitic ovum in physical filtering unit 2, ultraviolet sterilization sterilizing unit 22 is used for biology Clean unit 4 carries out sterilizing.Ultraviolet sterilization sterilizing unit 22 is channeltype disinfection by ultraviolet light pond, and channeltype ultraviolet light disappears Malicious pond is internally provided with ultraviolet germicidal lamp tube module 23 and reflector 24, and ultraviolet germicidal lamp tube module 23 is arranged in channeltype Disinfection by ultraviolet light pond is high-order, inside low level Inlet and outlet water segmental channel, and reflector 24 is arranged at channel medial surface and top.
Sterilization unit 6 sterilizes two ways using ozone sterilization and ultraviolet light (UV).By smelly in protein separator 10 Oxygen sterilization and disinfection device 21 adds ozone and exports installation apparatus for ultraviolet disinfection 22 in biologic purification units 4, and two kinds of sterilizings are set It is standby to effectively reduce the probability that pathogen enters aquaculture pond.
Ozone has good killing effect to bacterium, virus, parasitic ovum etc. in water, while also having to water body decoloration Good result.Foam fraction factor and ozonation technology are integrated in protein separator 10, and use ozone retracting device, Both jet stream foam separator and ozone-oxidizing device organically combine, and further improve Protein Skimmer performance.
Ultraviolet light (UV) sterilization is now widely used water sterilization technology, has that bactericidal effect is good, noresidue, easily The advantages that control.Select the channeltype disinfection by ultraviolet light pond to killing the best 253.7nm wavelength of antibacterial effect.Channeltype is ultraviolet Several high-intensity ultraviolet germicidal tubes are designed to module by line sterilization pool, are directly installed on high-order, low level Inlet and outlet water segmentation In flowing water channel, special reflector is installed at channel medial surface and top.Recirculated water undulatory motion, water and fluorescent tube in series connection pond Uniformly contact, extends contact time, and improves disinfecting power.Channeltype disinfection by ultraviolet light pond builds that pond is at low cost, flow is big, especially Repair, cleaning fluorescent tube are convenient, more efficient than traditional closed sterilizer, and removal of bacteria rate is up to 99% or more.In the present embodiment, The specification length and width depth in channeltype disinfection by ultraviolet light pond is 3.3m 0.5m 1.5m.
Temperature conditioning unit 7 carries out temperature control using two-way air-cooler.Temperature conditioning unit 7 carries out temperature control, sturgeon using two-way air-cooler Belong to sub- cold water fishes, summer water temperature is not higher than 21 DEG C, and the megathermal period opens two-way air-cooler, maintains water temperature at 21 DEG C or less. Circulating water cultivation compared with water-flowing type aquaculture pattern, sharpest edges be just embodied in breeding water body heating or refrigeration in terms of it is energy saving Effect, usual recirculated water are more energy saving than continuous-flow type up to 70% or more.
Tail water environmental protection treatment unit III is additionally provided in circulating water supply system, tail water environmental protection treatment unit III is separately connected Physical filtering unit 2 and biologic purification units 4;The tail water environmental protection treatment unit include cycle fishpond sedimentation basin, Microfilter, Regulating reservoir, elevator pump, high-speed fibre accurate filter, discharge irrigation canals and ditches, sludge-tank, horizontal centrifugal spiral thickener, chemicals dosing plant It is post-processed with desiccation.Immersion biological filter and full-automatic separation of solid and liquid Microfilter periodically discharge in biologic purification units is useless Water first comes together in regulating reservoir, and regulating reservoir is arranged elevator pump and is filtered processing to discharge water, and high-speed fibre accurate filter is adopted With 2 sets, the using and the reserved automatically turn on another equipment when realizing a backwash, and continuous operation is not rested, and recirculated water can after filtering It is discharged into plant area's global cycle irrigation canals and ditches and carries out uniform effluent, backwashing sludge can be discharged into sludge-tank and carry out initial concentration.Sludge-tank is arranged Elevator pump carries out thickened sludge to be promoted to horizontal centrifugal spiral thickener, can suitably add medicament and be concentrated to sludge, dense Contracting machine filter liquid emissions adjustment pond, mud cake pack unified disposition after collecting.5%~10% sewage in whole system is set to discharge, Supplement fresh water simultaneously.The tail water environmental protection treatment unit, it is big, a large amount of that waste discharge, sedimentation basin bed mud are mainly characterized by water SS, concentration of suspension are high, efficiently use that land area is small, thus consider floor space it is small, it can be achieved that continuous operation processing work Skill carries out the waste discharge using the combined treatment process of " high-rate fitration+efficient concentration " and is handled.Filter plant is using high Fast fabric filter, the equipment have higher flux, and fiber hole is adjusted, and type selecting filtering is carried out according to different water quality, And automation backwash easy to implement.Efficient concentration uses horizontal centrifugal spiral thickener, the equipment to have the degree of automation Height, continuous operation easy to implement, and the characteristics of high treating effect
The sturgeon industrial circulating water cultivating water system carries out two sets of water system switchable types to sturgeon culturing pond and supplies water, And brand-new design has then been carried out for circulating water supply system, which includes being formed with lower unit:Cultivation Pond 1, physical filtering unit 2, degassing unit 3, biologic purification units 4, oxygenation unit 5, sterilization unit 6 and temperature conditioning unit 7 etc. are several Big module composition, the processing accuracy and mutual coupling of advance, stability and the economy of whole system by each module Property realize, system designs cultivation density 60kg/ ㎡ or more.The sturgeon industrial aquaculture water system passes through autonomous innovation, structure Build tally with the national condition, be suitble to Quzhou regional water quality feature is big with the cultivation density for meeting sturgeon variety requirement, operation energy consumption is low, Operate steadily efficient circulating water cultivation water treatment technology.
As shown in figure 5, the sturgeon industrial circulating water cultivating water system, two sets of water systems are carried out to sturgeon culturing pond Switchable type supplies water, and the design of two sets of water systems can be automatic according to sturgeon growth and development situation, and cultivation actual needs It switches in and circulating water supply system is still used using perennial draingage water system.It can be arranged in the factory and cover this for water system more System is all concentrated for relatively intensive aquaculture pond and is equipped with the water system, sturgeon cultivation may be implemented:Circulating water supply system Tail water is discharged and pollutes controllable management:The pollutant generated according to sturgeon cultivation designs water treatment system, Microfilter, level-one biology Filter tank dirt-collecting;Water source supply uses two sets of water systems that can automatically switch, the selection of perennial draingage water system make-up water source Phreatic water, water temperature are stablized throughout the year at 20 DEG C or so, and temperature control system energy consumption is reduced;Caviar production can without seasonality production Control:It is adjusted into trip temperature using refrigeration machine and two-way air-cooler, according to sturgeon gonad development accumulated temperature rule, is come into trip temperature adjusting Control raun gonad development;Realize the controllable of disease:Double sterilization decontamination system, ultraviolet sterilization, ozone sterilization;Cultivation supplies The pattern switching of water system:Perennial draingage water system aquaculture model is changeable with circulating water supply system aquaculture model, passes through control Aquaculture pond outlet pipe height processed realizes that, when perennial draingage outlet pipe is higher than recirculated water return pipe, water outlet enters the circulatory system;Work as cycle Water return pipe is higher than perennial draingage outlet pipe, then water outlet is flowed directly out without circulation outside culture zone, is supported into perennial draingage Grow pattern.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of sturgeon industrial circulating water cultivating water system, including aquaculture pond(1), it is characterised in that:
The aquaculture pond water system includes the perennial draingage water system for automatically switching to supply water(Ⅰ)And circulating water supply system (Ⅱ), the circulating water supply system(Ⅱ)Include with lower unit:
Physical filtering unit(2), for removing residual bait and fish body excreta of the grain size more than 50 μm;The physical filtering unit (2)With aquaculture pond(1)Connection;
Deaerate unit(3), for removing removing and harmful gas;The degassing unit(3)It is arranged in physical filtering unit(2)After system Portion;
Biologic purification units(4), for purifying aquatic water and control ammonia nitrogen in breeding water body, nitrite poisonous and harmful substance Concentration;The biologic purification units(4)Setting is in degassing unit(3)The rear portion of system;
Oxygenation unit(5), for the pure oxygen in outdoor liquid oxygen tank to be guided in cultivating system;The oxygenation unit(5)Setting In biologic purification units(4)The rear portion of system and and aquaculture pond(1)Connection;
Sterilization unit(6), the sterilization unit(6)It is respectively communicated with physical filtering unit(2)And biologic purification units(4);
And temperature conditioning unit(7), the temperature conditioning unit(7)With biologic purification units(4)Connection.
2. a kind of sturgeon industrial circulating water cultivating water system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described is normal Flowing water water system(Ⅰ)Select phreatic water, the perennial draingage water system(Ⅰ)It is logical that water system is supported with recirculated water(Ⅱ)It crosses and supports Switching is realized in the control for growing pond outlet pipe height, and the outlet pipe includes perennial draingage outlet pipe(30)With recirculated water return pipe (31), when perennial draingage outlet pipe is higher than recirculated water return pipe, water outlet enters circulating water supply system;When recirculated water return pipe is higher than Perennial draingage outlet pipe, into perennial draingage water system.
3. a kind of sturgeon industrial circulating water cultivating water system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The object Manage filter element(2)Including being automatically separated by solid-liquid separation Microfilter(8), water pump(9)And protein separator(10), described is full-automatic It is separated by solid-liquid separation Microfilter(8)Pass through pipeline connection aquaculture pond(1)And water pump(9), the water pump(9)It is connected to protein separator (10).
4. a kind of sturgeon industrial circulating water cultivating water system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Described is complete It is automatic to be separated by solid-liquid separation Microfilter(8)Two sets are provided with, Microfilter is automatically separated by solid-liquid separation(8)It is adjustable high using fiber hole Fast fabric filter;The protein separator(10)For removing fine particulate matter and dissolved organic matter, the egg White separator(10)To be internally provided with the jet stream foam separator of ejector.
5. a kind of sturgeon industrial circulating water cultivating water system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described is de- Gas unit(3)Including dribble-feed degassing pond(11)And aerator(12).
6. a kind of sturgeon industrial circulating water cultivating water system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The life Object clean unit(4)It is middle that immersion biological filter, the immersion biological filter is used to use five sections of continuous-flow type biologies Filter tank;The immersion biological filter is set as matrix pattern structure, is provided with four partition walls, the immersion biology mistake Filter tank is using high-order water distributor(25)Water inlet, first of partition wall(26)Bottom of pond flowing water, second partition wall(27)Upper crest of weir flowing water, the Three partition walls(28)Bottom of pond flowing water, the 4th partition wall(29)Upper crest of weir flowing water, last high position crest of weir water outlet.
7. a kind of sturgeon industrial circulating water cultivating water system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The increasing Oxygen unit(5)Using nano-plates oxygenation, the oxygenation unit(5)Including outdoor liquid oxygen tank(13), pressure reducing valve(14), evaporator (15), control valve(16), flowmeter(17), liquid level display(18)And oxygen therapy air pipe(19)And oxygenation pond(20).
8. a kind of sturgeon industrial circulating water cultivating water system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described goes out Bacterium unit(6)Including ozone sterilization chlorination equipment(21)And ultraviolet sterilization sterilizing unit(22), the described ozone sterilization disinfection Device(21)For killing bacterium, virus and parasitic ovum in physical filtering unit, the ultraviolet sterilization sterilizing unit (22)For carrying out sterilizing to biologic purification units.
9. a kind of sturgeon industrial circulating water cultivating water system according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:The purple Outside line sterilization and disinfection device(22)For channeltype disinfection by ultraviolet light pond, the channeltype disinfection by ultraviolet light pond is internally provided with purple Outside line germicidal tube module(23)And reflector(24), the ultraviolet germicidal lamp tube module(23)Setting is ultraviolet in channeltype Line sterilization pool is high-order, inside low level Inlet and outlet water segmental channel, the reflector(24)Setting in channel medial surface and Top.
10. a kind of sturgeon industrial circulating water cultivating water system according to claim 1 to 9 any one, feature It is:Temperature conditioning unit(7)Temperature control is carried out using two-way air-cooler;Circulating water supply system(Ⅱ)In be additionally provided at tail water environmental protection Manage unit(Ⅲ), the tail water environmental protection treatment unit is separately connected physical filtering unit(2)And biologic purification units(4);Institute The tail water environmental protection treatment unit stated includes regulating reservoir, elevator pump, high-speed fibre accurate filter, discharge irrigation canals and ditches, sludge-tank, horizontal Centrifugal spiral thickener, chemicals dosing plant and desiccation post-processing.
CN201810427856.5A 2018-05-07 2018-05-07 Sturgeon batch production recirculating aquaculture water supply system Active CN108739617B (en)

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