CN108720059B - A kind of slotting cut type banana that can adaptively encircle any of several broadleaf plants stem falls carding device - Google Patents

A kind of slotting cut type banana that can adaptively encircle any of several broadleaf plants stem falls carding device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108720059B
CN108720059B CN201810446574.XA CN201810446574A CN108720059B CN 108720059 B CN108720059 B CN 108720059B CN 201810446574 A CN201810446574 A CN 201810446574A CN 108720059 B CN108720059 B CN 108720059B
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China
Prior art keywords
sliding block
banana
cutterhead
type sliding
hard blade
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CN201810446574.XA
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CN108720059A (en
Inventor
杨洲
郭杰
金莫辉
许泽宇
段洁利
莫嘉嗣
金鸿
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South China Agricultural University
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South China Agricultural University
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N15/00Machines or apparatus for other treatment of fruits or vegetables for human purposes; Machines or apparatus for topping or skinning flower bulbs

Abstract

The slotting cut type banana that any of several broadleaf plants stem can adaptively be encircled the invention discloses one kind falls carding device, including rack, power source, cutterhead, gear set, connecting rod, linear guide, L-type sliding block, spring, hard blade mounting rack, hard blade, soft blade;Gear set is located between cutterhead and rack table, it is made of driving gear and driven gear, linear guide has multiple annular arrays on cutterhead, and it is slidably fitted with L-type sliding block, a connecting rod is equipped between linear guide two-by-two, connecting rod one end is hinged on the central aperture edge part of driven gear, the other end is hinged in the horizontal sides of L-type sliding block, hard blade mounting rack is bolted with L-type sliding block, spring pocket is on bolt, hard blade is on hard blade mounting rack, riveting has soft blade group on the outside of hard blade, the end riveting of soft blade group two-by-two, formed can envelope banana fringe bar annular envelope structure.The present invention has many advantages, such as that overall structure is light and small, is moved easily, safe operation is laborsaving, adaptive banana fringe bar.

Description

A kind of slotting cut type banana that can adaptively encircle any of several broadleaf plants stem falls carding device
Technical field
The present invention relates to bananas, and axis to be gone to fall the technical field of comb, refers in particular to a kind of slotting cut type that can adaptively encircle any of several broadleaf plants stem Banana falls carding device.
Background technique
Currently, mechanization application level is relatively low in terms of banana postharvest treatment both at home and abroad, comb side especially is fallen in banana Face, basic use manually fall comb mode and carry out operation, which requires manual labor to concentrate, large labor intensity, Operating efficiency is low, the process-cycle is long, bad adaptability, inconvenient and not can be carried out the whole string of banana and by comb fall comb, has centainly Risk and operation process banana surface mechanical damage is serious, influences the overall aesthetics of banana, increases microorganism disease Disease incidence is unfavorable for banana preservation, transport and marketing fresh.The expense of manual work rises steadily simultaneously, to cause banana product The cost of processing is higher and higher.Whole world banana industry enters the important transition rank changed from tradition to modernization at present Section is in the critical period of Mechanization Development, with the foundation of banana ropeway freight transport system in terms of banana postharvest treatment operation With postharvest treatment Mechanization Level be continuously improved, so produce can according to each section of different variation of banana fringe shank diameter and from The carding device that falls adapted to seems significant, and the notch after effectively falling comb and falling comb how is carried out at different-diameter and meets city The requirement of field sale is a critical thing, and the present apparatus is exactly to design for this purpose.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, propose it is a kind of it is structurally reasonable it is reliable, easy to operate, subtract That lacks labour, adaptive any of several broadleaf plants stem, raising banana postharvest treatment efficiency and reduction banana surface damage can adaptively encircle any of several broadleaf plants stem Slotting cut type banana fall carding device.
To achieve the above object, technical solution provided by the present invention are as follows: one kind can adaptively encircle the slotting cut type of any of several broadleaf plants stem Banana falls carding device, including rack, power source, cutterhead, gear set, connecting rod, linear guide, L-type sliding block, spring, hard knife Piece mounting rack, hard blade, soft blade;The gear set is mounted on the table top of rack, by driving gear and driven gear Engagement composition, the driving gear are rotated by being mounted on the power source drive below rack table, and the cutterhead passes through multiple Support is horizontally arranged on the table top of rack, and is located above gear set, and the cutter head center is provided with same with driven gear centre bore The through-hole of the heart is passed through for falling the banana fringe bar after combing, and the through-hole diameter of the cutterhead is greater than the center-hole diameter of driven gear, So as to expose the marginal portion of driven gear centre bore, the linear guide has multiple, and is with the through hole center of cutterhead Center of circle annular array is slidably fitted with a L-type sliding block on cutterhead, while in each linear guide, the L-type sliding block Vertical edge is vertical with cutterhead, and a connecting rod is provided between linear guide adjacent two-by-two, and one end of the connecting rod is living Dynamic to be hinged on the exposed central aperture edge part of driven gear, the other end is movably articulated in the horizontal sides of L-type sliding block, often A L-type sliding block is configured with a hard blade mounting rack, and the hard blade mounting rack is parallel to the vertical of L-type sliding block Side, and it is located at L-type sliding block towards the side of cutterhead through-hole, the hard blade mounting rack is bolted with L-type sliding block;Institute The one end for stating bolt is the end of thread, is screwed into hard blade mounting rack and fixes, and the other end is polished end, and floating passes across L-type Sliding block is simultaneously limited by the nut head of the bolt;On bolt, one end offsets the spring pocket with L-type sliding block Touching, the other end contact at hard blade mounting rack, and the one side of hard blade mounting rack towards the cutterhead through-hole is equipped with Hard blade straight up, the upper outside riveting of the hard blade has the soft blade group of inverted V shaped shape, described soft Set of blades is made of the soft blade of left and right two panels mirror symmetry, and the end of the soft blade group on adjacent hard blade is living two-by-two Dynamic riveting, is formed to the annular envelope structure of envelope banana fringe bar, each hard blade mounting rack is with banana fringe bar It is thicker to move radially around, and spring associated there is compressed, so as to according to the irregular of banana fringe shank diameter Variation adjusts the spacing of hard blade and central axis mounted thereto respectively, and the envelope circular diameter for adjusting annular envelope structure is big It is small, realize the variation of adaptive banana fringe shank diameter.
Undertaking bottom plate is installed, the power source, which is mounted on, to be accepted on bottom plate below the table top of the rack.
The power source includes worm reduction box, shaft coupling and motor, and the motor passes through shaft coupling and worm gear snail The connection of bar reduction gearbox makes annular banana fall carding device with self-locking function due to using worm and gear gearbox.
Compared with prior art, the present invention have the following advantages that with the utility model has the advantages that
1, the present invention, which is set, can automatically adjust envelope banana fringe according to the variation of banana fringe shank diameter when carrying out banana and falling comb The size of the annular envelope diameter of movement of bar realizes that diameter adaptively falls comb.
2, apparatus of the present invention are equipped with worm and gear gearbox, shaft coupling and motor, so that falling comb set of blades has self-locking function Can, while motor driven reduces the consumption of manpower, it is convenient and efficient accurate.
3, the ring structure of apparatus of the present invention can the entire banana fringe bar of envelope, avoid leakage from cutting when carrying out banana and falling comb, it is real Existing whole flavour passage any of several broadleaf plants goes axis to fall comb by comb.
4, apparatus of the present invention wide adaptation range is suitable for different lines, all bananas of different growing way fall comb.
5, apparatus of the present invention can reduce manual physical's consumption, reduce operator's quantity, substantially reduce production cost.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is perspective view of the invention.
Fig. 2 is main view of the invention.
Fig. 3 is top view of the invention.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is further explained in the light of specific embodiments.
Comb dress is fallen referring to the slotting cut type banana that can adaptively encircle any of several broadleaf plants stem shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 3, provided by the present embodiment It sets, is mainly used for mechanization banana and falls comb, including rack 12, power source 10, cutterhead 9, gear set 8, connecting rod 7, linear guide 6, L-type sliding block 5, spring 4, hard blade mounting rack 3, hard blade 2, soft blade 1;The gear set 8 is mounted on rack 12 Table top on, by driving gear 801 and driven gear 802 engagement form, the driving gear 801 is by being mounted on 12 table top of rack The power source 10 of lower section drives rotation, and the cutterhead 9 is mounted on the table top of rack 12 by multiple support levels, and is located at tooth 8 top of wheel group, 9 center of cutterhead are provided with the through-hole concentric with 802 centre bore of driven gear, wear for falling the banana fringe bar after combing It crosses, and the through-hole diameter of the cutterhead 9 is greater than the center-hole diameter of driven gear 802, so as to expose in driven gear 802 The marginal portion in heart hole, the linear guide 6 have multiple, and are center of circle annular array in cutterhead 9 using the through hole center of cutterhead 9 On, while a L-type sliding block 5 is slidably fitted in each linear guide 6, the vertical edge and cutterhead 9 of the L-type sliding block 5 hang down Directly, and two-by-two a connecting rod 7 is provided between adjacent linear guide 6, one end of the connecting rod 7 is movably articulated in driven On the exposed central aperture edge part of gear 802, the other end is movably articulated in the horizontal sides of L-type sliding block 5, and each L-type is sliding Block 5 is configured with a hard blade mounting rack 3, and the hard blade mounting rack 3 is parallel to the vertical edge of L-type sliding block 5, and Positioned at L-type sliding block 5 towards the side of 9 through-hole of cutterhead, the hard blade mounting rack 3 is connect with L-type sliding block 5 by bolt 401; One end of the bolt 401 is the end of thread, is screwed into hard blade mounting rack 3 and fixes, and the other end is polished end, and floating is crossed It crosses L-type sliding block 5 and is limited by the nut head of the bolt 401;The spring 4 is sleeved on bolt 401, one end with L-type sliding block 5 is inconsistent, and the other end contacts at hard blade mounting rack 3, and the hard blade mounting rack 3 is towards 9 through-hole of cutterhead One side hard blade 2 straight up is installed, the upper outside riveting of the hard blade 2 has the soft of inverted V shaped shape Matter set of blades, the soft blade group are made of the soft blade 1 of left and right two panels mirror symmetry, two-by-two on adjacent hard blade 2 Soft blade group end activity riveting, be formed to the annular envelope structure of envelope banana fringe bar, each hard blade Mounting rack 3 moves radially around with banana fringe bar is thicker, and compresses spring 4 associated there, so as to according to perfume (or spice) The irregular variation of any of several broadleaf plants fringe shank diameter adjusts the spacing of hard blade 2 and central axis mounted thereto respectively, adjusts annular packet The envelope circular diameter size of network structure, realizes the variation of adaptive banana fringe shank diameter.In addition, below the table top of the rack 12 It is equipped with and accepts bottom plate 11, the power source 10, which is mounted on, to be accepted on bottom plate 11, and the power source 10 slows down including worm and gear Case 101, shaft coupling 102 and motor 103, the motor 103 are connected by shaft coupling 102 and worm reduction box 101, due to Using worm and gear gearbox 101, annular banana is made to fall carding device with self-locking function;12 bottom of device frame is equipped with four A self-locking trundle 13, movement when facilitating practical application.
The following are the concrete operations principles that the above-mentioned slotting cut type banana that can adaptively encircle any of several broadleaf plants stem of the present embodiment falls carding device:
When work, by the driving of motor 103, make the driving gear 801 being connect with worm reduction box 101 drive from Moving gear 802 rotates, and multiple L-type sliding blocks 5 of annular arrangement are led under the drive that driven gear 802 rotates along its rail linearity Rail 6 moves in or out, so that annular envelope structure tightly envelope can live to be centrally disposed the banana fringe bar at place, and along banana Fringe bar cuts banana comb handle, realizes that the whole string of banana goes axis to fall comb by comb;When the banana fringe shank diameter at the place of being centrally disposed is not advise When round or ellipse then, each hard blade mounting rack 3 moves radially around with banana fringe bar is thicker, and compress with Its associated spring 4, so as to adjust hard mounted thereto respectively according to the irregular variation of banana fringe shank diameter The spacing of blade 2 and central axis, and then adjust the envelope circular diameter size of annular envelope structure, with being capable of adaptive banana fringe bar The variation of diameter.
The examples of implementation of the above are only the preferred embodiments of the invention, and implementation model of the invention is not limited with this It encloses, therefore all shapes according to the present invention, changes made by principle, should all be included within the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. the slotting cut type banana that one kind can adaptively encircle any of several broadleaf plants stem falls carding device, which is characterized in that including rack (12), power source (10), cutterhead (9), gear set (8), connecting rod (7), linear guide (6), L-type sliding block (5), spring (4), hard blade installation Frame (3), hard blade (2), soft blade (1);The gear set (8) is mounted on the table top of rack (12), by driving gear (801) it engages and forms with driven gear (802), the driving gear (801) is by the power that is mounted below rack (12) table top Source (10) driving rotation, the cutterhead (9) is mounted on the table top of rack (12) by multiple support levels, and is located at gear set (8) top, cutterhead (9) center are provided with the through-hole concentric with driven gear (802) centre bore, for falling the banana fringe bar after combing It passes through, and the through-hole diameter of the cutterhead (9) is greater than the center-hole diameter of driven gear (802), so as to expose driven tooth The marginal portion of (802) centre bore is taken turns, the linear guide (6) has multiple and annular by the center of circle of the through hole center of cutterhead (9) Array is slidably fitted with a L-type sliding block (5), the L-type sliding block on cutterhead (9), while in each linear guide (6) (5) vertical edge is vertical with cutterhead (9), and a connecting rod (7) is provided between linear guide (6) adjacent two-by-two, described One end of connecting rod (7) is movably articulated on the exposed central aperture edge part of driven gear (802), and the other end is movably hinged In the horizontal sides of L-type sliding block (5), each L-type sliding block (5) is configured with a hard blade mounting rack (3), and the hard Blade mounting rack (3) is parallel to the vertical edge of L-type sliding block (5), and is located at L-type sliding block (5) towards the side of cutterhead (9) through-hole, The hard blade mounting rack (3) is connect with L-type sliding block (5) by bolt (401);One end of the bolt (401) is screw thread End is screwed into hard blade mounting rack (3) and fixes, and the other end is polished end, and floating passes across L-type sliding block (5) and passes through institute The nut head for stating bolt (401) is limited;The spring (4) is sleeved on bolt (401), one end and L-type sliding block (5) phase Contradict, the other end contacts at hard blade mounting rack (3), the hard blade mounting rack (3) towards cutterhead (9) through-hole one Side is equipped with hard blade (2) straight up, and the upper outside riveting of the hard blade (2) has the soft of inverted V shaped shape Matter set of blades, the soft blade group are made of the soft blade (1) of left and right two panels mirror symmetry, two-by-two adjacent hard blade (2) the end activity of the soft blade group on rivets, and is formed to the annular envelope structure of envelope banana fringe bar, described each Hard blade mounting rack (3) moves radially around with banana fringe bar is thicker, and compresses spring associated there (4), from And it can be adjusted respectively between hard blade mounted thereto (2) and central axis according to the irregular variation of banana fringe shank diameter Away from the envelope circular diameter size of the annular envelope structure of adjustment realizes the variation of adaptive banana fringe shank diameter.
2. the slotting cut type banana that one kind according to claim 1 can adaptively encircle any of several broadleaf plants stem falls carding device, it is characterised in that: It is equipped with below the table top of the rack (12) and accepts bottom plate (11), the power source (10), which is mounted on, accepts on bottom plate (11).
3. the slotting cut type banana that one kind according to claim 1 or 2 can adaptively encircle any of several broadleaf plants stem falls carding device, feature exists In: the power source (10) includes worm reduction box (101), shaft coupling (102) and motor (103), the motor (103) It is connected by shaft coupling (102) and worm reduction box (101), due to using worm and gear gearbox (101), makes annular perfume Any of several broadleaf plants falls carding device with self-locking function.
CN201810446574.XA 2018-05-11 2018-05-11 A kind of slotting cut type banana that can adaptively encircle any of several broadleaf plants stem falls carding device Active CN108720059B (en)

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Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110839918B (en) * 2019-11-21 2021-02-19 华南农业大学 Self-adaptive banana fruit shaft combing tool capable of changing diameter based on linear cutting
CN110973670B (en) * 2019-12-17 2020-12-11 华南农业大学 Self-adaptive constant-force comb-falling tool for banana fruit shafts based on extensible mechanism
CN112244333B (en) * 2020-09-27 2022-05-10 华南农业大学 Banana comb falling platform based on rigid-flexible coupling parallel mechanism
CN112753401B (en) * 2021-01-07 2022-03-25 华南农业大学 Multifunctional banana combing machine
CN112790411B (en) * 2021-01-07 2021-12-14 华南农业大学 Synchronous self-centering liftable linear cutting type banana comb falling device

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AU2013263747A1 (en) * 2012-11-27 2014-06-12 Mt Uncle Grazing Company Banana Harvester
CN103584264B (en) * 2013-11-06 2015-09-30 华南农业大学 Can the slotting cut variable diameters banana of self adaptation banana fringe shank diameter axle be gone to fall chasing tool
CN104126369B (en) * 2014-07-02 2015-09-30 华南农业大学 A kind of reducing impacts to be inserted cut annular banana and to fall carding device
BR102015025298A2 (en) * 2015-10-02 2016-07-12 Eugenio Andres Díaz Merino manual plummet of banana bunches
CN106900280B (en) * 2017-04-01 2019-03-22 华南农业大学 A kind of slotting cut type banana falls chasing tool tool
CN107637271B (en) * 2017-08-30 2019-07-09 华南农业大学 A kind of saw blade cutting device

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