CN108714571A - A kind of pearl detection device of automatic sorting - Google Patents

A kind of pearl detection device of automatic sorting Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108714571A
CN108714571A CN201810383420.0A CN201810383420A CN108714571A CN 108714571 A CN108714571 A CN 108714571A CN 201810383420 A CN201810383420 A CN 201810383420A CN 108714571 A CN108714571 A CN 108714571A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pearl
plate
placing box
box
clean
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Granted
Application number
CN201810383420.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108714571B (en
Inventor
伍峰
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Shenzhen runfujin Technology Development Co., Ltd
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伍峰
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Priority to CN201810383420.0A priority Critical patent/CN108714571B/en
Publication of CN108714571A publication Critical patent/CN108714571A/en
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Publication of CN108714571B publication Critical patent/CN108714571B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/34Sorting according to other particular properties
    • B07C5/342Sorting according to other particular properties according to optical properties, e.g. colour
    • B07C5/3425Sorting according to other particular properties according to optical properties, e.g. colour of granular material, e.g. ore particles, grain
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B4/00Separating solids from solids by subjecting their mixture to gas currents
    • B07B4/02Separating solids from solids by subjecting their mixture to gas currents while the mixtures fall
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/02Measures preceding sorting, e.g. arranging articles in a stream orientating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/36Sorting apparatus characterised by the means used for distribution
    • B07C5/361Processing or control devices therefor, e.g. escort memory
    • B07C5/362Separating or distributor mechanisms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/001Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members characterised by the type of cleaning tool
    • B08B1/002Brushes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/02Cleaning travelling work, e.g. a web, articles on a conveyor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/02Cleaning by the force of jets or sprays
    • B08B3/022Cleaning travelling work
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • F26B21/001Drying-air generating units, e.g. movable, independent of drying enclosure

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of pearl detection devices of automatic sorting, including pedestal, the upper side wall of the pedestal is set there are four support plate, the upper end of support plate described in two of which is connected with placing box jointly, the upper side wall of the placing box is fixedly connected with connecting plate, and the upper end of the connecting plate is fixedly connected with clean plate, and the upper side wall of the clean plate offers multiple ports, the upper side wall of the clean plate is equipped with multiple pearls, and the upper side wall of the clean plate slidably connects push plate.The present invention is detected again by pearl clean, avoid the color and luster testing result of impurity effect pearl, engaged with the interval of wedge groove by wedge block and realizes that the interval of pearl to be detected is fallen, the detection successively for completing pearl color is realized the sorting of good and bad pearl by the connection of S9702-RGB color and lusters sensor and STM32 microcontrollers, avoids artificial separation, provide the working efficiency of pearl sorting, sorting quality is high, convenient and practical, and generalization is high.

Description

A kind of pearl detection device of automatic sorting
Technical field
The present invention relates to pearl detection technique field more particularly to a kind of pearl detection devices of automatic sorting.
Background technology
Pearl is a kind of ancient organic gemstone, main to produce in pearl shellfish and pearl oyster shellfish mollusk body, and by Mineral calciferous (aragonite) bead for acting on and generating in endocrine is formed by a large amount of small aragonite crystals set , the pearl with magnificent color and graceful makings signifies healthy, pure, rich and happy, is liked since ancient times by people Love, usually requires that color and luster is consistent, and different color and lusters has different qualities, is screened in the prior art to the color separation of pearl general first It is manually screened by being recycled after cleaning, drying, the less efficient and artificial factor for screening pearl is caused to be easy shadow The judgement for ringing pearl color quality, to be easy to influence the sorting of pearl.
Invention content
After generally first passing through cleaning, drying to the color separation of pearl screening in the prior art Recycling is manually screened, and the less efficient and artificial factor for screening pearl is caused to be easy to influence pearl color quality Judgement, to be easy influence pearl sorting the problem of, and propose a kind of automatic sorting pearl detection device.
To achieve the goals above, present invention employs following technical solutions:
The upper side wall of a kind of pearl detection device of automatic sorting, including pedestal, the pedestal is set there are four support plate, In the upper ends of two support plates be connected with placing box jointly, the upper side wall of the placing box is fixedly connected with connecting plate, institute The upper end for stating connecting plate is fixedly connected with clean plate, and the upper side wall of the clean plate offers multiple ports, the clean plate Upper side wall is equipped with multiple pearls, and the upper side wall of the clean plate slidably connects push plate, connects on the side side wall of the placing box It is connected to the linear guide and placement plate, the linear guide includes guide rail and sliding block, and the sliding block is set on guide rail, the sliding block Both sides side wall on be equipped with connecting rod, two one end of the connecting rod far from sliding block are fixed with the side side wall of push plate respectively The upper side wall of connection, the placement plate is equipped with aqua storage tank, and the interior bottom of the aqua storage tank is equipped with water pump, the output end of the water pump It is connected with water-supply-pipe, is set on the side side wall of the clean plate there are two fixed plate, the one end of the water-supply-pipe far from water pump is passed through The inner wall for wearing aqua storage tank extends to the outside of aqua storage tank and is placed in one of fixed plate and is connected with nozzle, described in another Fixed plate is set on the outer wall of water-supply-pipe, and the upper side wall of the placing box offers feed inlet, in the both sides of the feed inlet Snap-gauge is respectively connected on wall, each snap-gauge is respectively connected with wiper on the side side wall of snap-gauge described in another, described The upper side wall of placing box is additionally provided with two air-heaters, and each air-heater is bolted on the upper side wall of placing box, The output end of each air-heater is respectively connected with wind conveying pipe, each wind conveying pipe close to the side of snap-gauge be connected with it is multiple into Air hose, each blast pipe are plugged on snap-gauge and extend to the inside of feed inlet, on the side inner wall of the placing box Equipped with fan, the placing box offers fixing port on the side side wall far from the linear guide, be equipped with and collect in the fixing port Box is threaded with fastening screw on the outer wall of the placing box, and the fastening screw is located at one end and collection in fixing port The outer wall of box is slidably connected, and the upper end of other two support plate is connected with tablet jointly, and the upper side wall of the tablet opens up There is sliding slot, wedge block is slidably connected in the sliding slot, the upper side wall of the tablet is additionally provided with the first cylinder, first cylinder Telescopic end be located remote from the side side wall of case with wedge block and be fixedly connected, the lower end of the placing box is close to the side of wedge block Equipped with the wedge groove to match with wedge-shaped block size, the lower end of the placing box offers runner, the runner and pearl it is big Small to match, the upper side wall of the pedestal is additionally provided with supporting rod and the second cylinder, and the upper end of the supporting rod is rotatably connected to rubber The driving end of rubber cushion, second cylinder is fixedly connected with one end lower wall of rubber pad, and the upper side wall of the pedestal is additionally provided with First receives box and the second reception box, and the first reception box and the second reception box are located at immediately below the side of rubber pad, One of on the downside of tablet S9702-RGB color and luster sensors, the S9702-RGB color and lusters are inserted in the support plate Sensor is connected with STM32 microcontrollers by conducting wire, and the STM32 microcontrollers electrically connect with the first cylinder and the second cylinder It connects, the support plate is connected with light source close to the side of rubber pad one of on the downside of placing box, and the light source passes through Conducting wire is electrically connected with external accumulator, and the center of the S9702-RGB color and lusters sensor and light source is located at same horizontal line On.
Preferably, the outer wall of one of them fixed plate is equipped with fixed ring, and the Fixing shrink ring is located at water-supply-pipe On outer wall.
Preferably, the aqua storage tank is located at the underface of clean plate, and filter screen is equipped on the inner wall of the aqua storage tank.
Preferably, the linear guide is driven by stepper motor.
Preferably, the clean plate is located at the surface of feed inlet close to one end of placing box.
Preferably, the both sides inner wall of the sliding slot offers limiting slot, be equipped on the downside of the wedge block vertically to The size of outer flange, the flange and limiting slot matches, and each flange is respectively positioned in one of limiting slot and limit The inner wall of position slot is slidably connected.
Preferably, the junction of the S9702-RGB color and lusters sensor and support plate offers installing port, the installing port It inside sets there are two arc ring, the S9702-RGB color and lusters sensor is located between two arc rings, the installing port and two arcs Compressed spring there are two being all connected between the outer wall of shape ring.
Preferably, the inner bottom wall of the first reception box and the second reception box is equipped with lint buffer layer.
In the present invention, pearl to be detected is uniformly layered on clean plate, starts water pump and stepper motor (is not drawn in figure Go out), stepper motor drives the linear guide movement, sliding block to be slided on guide rail, drives push plate pearl to be moved along by connecting rod, Water in aqua storage tank is extracted out by water-supply-pipe and is washed away to pearl by nozzle ejection by water pump, and the impurity on surface is gone It removes, push plate continues to press on, and starts air-heater and fan, and clean pearl falls through feed inlet entrance from one end of clean plate and puts It sets in case, the thermal current of air-heater blowout dries the surface of pearl, and the impurity of pearl surface not swept away is dried It is scraped afterwards by wiper, the impurity fallen is blown in collection box and is collected by fan, to focus on, to clean pearl When being detected, starting the first cylinder, S9702-RGB color and lusters sensor and STM32 microcontrollers, (S9702-RGB color and lusters sense Device and STM32 microcontrollers are the prior art, and concrete operating principle and connection type between the two are seldom done superfluous herein State), one end of wedge block is slipped away from wedge groove, falls next pearl, the counter motion driving wedge block movement again of the first cylinder Wedge groove is blocked, light source illuminates the pearl fallen, and S9702-RGB color and luster sensors are detected pearl, by pearl Color pass to STM32 microcontrollers, when pearl qualification, STM32 microcontrollers drive the second Telescopic-cylinder end up to transport Dynamic, rubber pad rotation, the pearl on rubber pad falls in the first reception box, when pearl is unqualified, STM32 microcontrollers driving the Two Telescopic-cylinder ends move down, and the pearl on rubber pad falls in the second reception box.The present invention is by cleaning pearl It is detected again, avoids the color and luster testing result of impurity effect pearl, realization is engaged with the interval of wedge groove by wedge block The interval of pearl to be detected is fallen, and completes the detection successively of pearl color, micro- by S9702-RGB color and lusters sensor and STM32 The sorting of good and bad pearl is realized in the connection of controller, avoids artificial separation, provides the working efficiency of pearl sorting, sorts matter Amount is high, convenient and practical, and generalization is high.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of the pearl detection device main view of automatic sorting proposed by the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of the pearl detection device part A amplification of automatic sorting proposed by the present invention;
Fig. 3 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of the pearl detection device part B amplification of automatic sorting proposed by the present invention;
Fig. 4 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of the pearl detection device C portion amplification of automatic sorting proposed by the present invention;
Fig. 5 is a kind of knot of the pearl detection device wedge block and the side view of tablet junction of automatic sorting proposed by the present invention Structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is a kind of pearl detection device S9702-RGB color and lusters sensor of automatic sorting proposed by the present invention and support The structural schematic diagram of plate junction.
In figure:1 pedestal, 2 placing boxes, 3 guide rails, 4 sliding blocks, 5 clean plates, 6 push plates, 7 connecting rods, 8 pearls, 9 nozzles, 10 storages Sink, 11 water pumps, 12 water-supply-pipes, 13 fixed rings, 14 filter screens, 15 feed inlets, 16 wipers, 17 air-heaters, 18 wind conveying pipes, 19 wind Fan, 20 collection boxes, 21 fastening screws, 22 runners, 23 wedge blocks, 24 tablets, 25 first cylinders, 26S9702-RGB color and lusters sensing Device, 27 light sources, 28 rubber pads, 29 second cylinders, 30 first receive box, 31 second reception boxes, 32 limiting slots, 33 installing ports, 34 Arc ring, 35 compressed springs.
Specific implementation mode
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that, term "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "top", The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as "bottom", "inner", "outside" is to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, merely to just In the description present invention and simplify description, do not indicate or imply the indicated device or element must have a particular orientation, with Specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore be not considered as limiting the invention.
Referring to Fig.1-6, the pearl detection device of a kind of automatic sorting, including pedestal 1, there are four the upper side wall of pedestal 1 is set The upper end of support plate, two of which support plate is connected with placing box 2 jointly, and the upper side wall of placing box 2 is fixedly connected with connecting plate, The upper end of connecting plate is fixedly connected with clean plate 5, and the upper side wall of clean plate 5 offers multiple ports, and port is convenient for flow and miscellaneous Matter flows down, and the upper side wall of clean plate 5 is equipped with multiple pearls 8, and the upper side wall of clean plate 5 slidably connects push plate 6, placing box 2 Side side wall on be connected with the linear guide and placement plate, the linear guide includes guide rail 3 and sliding block 4, and sliding block 4 is set in guide rail 3 On, it is equipped with connecting rod 7 on the both sides side wall of sliding block 4, two one end of connecting rod 7 far from sliding block 4 side with push plate 6 respectively Side wall is fixedly connected, and the linear guide is driven by stepper motor, and linear motor drives the linear guide movement, realizes sliding block 4 in sliding rail 3 Upper movement realizes that push plate 6 is moved by connecting rod 7, and the upper side wall of placement plate is equipped with aqua storage tank 10, and the interior bottom of aqua storage tank 10 is set There are water pump 11, the output end of water pump 11 to be connected with water-supply-pipe 12, is set on the side side wall of clean plate 5 there are two fixed plate, water delivery The outside that the one end of pipe 12 far from water pump 11 extends to aqua storage tank 10 through the inner wall of aqua storage tank 10 is placed on one of fixation On plate and it is connected with nozzle 9, the outer wall of one of fixed plate is equipped with fixed ring 13, and Fixing shrink ring is located at the outer of water-supply-pipe 12 On wall, water-supply-pipe 12 is fixed on the outer wall of fixed plate by fixed ring 13, another fixed plate is set in water-supply-pipe 12 On outer wall, water-supply-pipe 12 is limited by fixed ring 13 and fixed plate, ensure that the perforation that flow flows in water-supply-pipe 12 Property, it is therefore prevented that 12 tangled up and knotted of water-supply-pipe, aqua storage tank 10 are located at the underface of clean plate 5, are equipped on the inner wall of aqua storage tank 10 Pearl 8 to be detected is placed on and is uniformly layered on clean plate 5 by filter screen 14, starts water pump 11 and stepper motor, and stepper motor drives Dynamic the linear guide movement, sliding block 4 slide on guides 3, are driven by connecting rod 7 and pearl 8 is pushed to be moved along, water pump 11 Water in aqua storage tank 10 is extracted out by water-supply-pipe 12 and pearl 8 is washed away by the ejection of nozzle 9, the impurity on surface is gone It removes, impurity and flow are dropped to by port in aqua storage tank 10, are filtered to the water containing impurity by filter screen 14, impurity It stays on filter screen 14, the water of purification flows to the interior bottom of aqua storage tank 10, then flow extraction is used for cleaning pearl 8, places The upper side wall of case 2 offers feed inlet 15, and clean plate 5 is located at the surface of feed inlet 15 close to one end of placing box 2, clean Pearl 8 falls through feed inlet 15 from one end of clean plate 5 and enters in placing box 2, is all connected on the both sides inner wall of feed inlet 15 There are snap-gauge, each snap-gauge to be respectively connected with wiper 16 on the side side wall of another snap-gauge, the upper side wall of placing box 2 is additionally provided with Two air-heaters 17, each air-heater 17 are bolted on the upper side wall of placing box 2, the output end of each air-heater 17 It is respectively connected with wind conveying pipe 18, each wind conveying pipe 18 is connected with multiple blast pipes close to the side of snap-gauge, and each blast pipe plugs On snap-gauge and the inside of feed inlet 15 is extended to, the side inner wall of placing box 2 is equipped with fan 19, and placing box 2 is far from straight line Fixing port is offered on the side side wall of guide rail, collection box 20 is equipped in fixing port, is threaded on the outer wall of placing box 2 tight Gu screw 21, fastening screw 21 is located at one end in fixing port and the outer wall of collection box 20 is slidably connected, and passes through fastening screw 21 Rotation collection box 20 is fixed, be convenient for collection box 20 installing and dismounting, air-heater 17 blow out thermal current to pearl 8 Surface is dried, and the impurity not swept away on 8 surface of pearl is scraped after being dried by wiper 16, and fan 19 is miscellaneous by what is fallen Matter blows in collection box 20 and is collected, to focus on.
The upper end of other two support plate is connected with tablet 24 jointly, and the upper side wall of tablet 24 offers sliding slot, in sliding slot Wedge block 23 is slidably connected, the upper side wall of tablet 24 is additionally provided with the first cylinder 25, the telescopic end and wedge block of the first cylinder 25 The 23 side side walls for being located remote from case 2 are fixedly connected, and the lower end of placing box 2 is equipped with and wedge block 23 close to the side of wedge block 23 The wedge groove that size matches, the both sides inner wall of sliding slot offer limiting slot 32, the downside of wedge block 23 be equipped with vertically to The size of outer flange, flange and limiting slot 32 matches, and each flange is respectively positioned in one of limiting slot 32 and limiting slot 32 inner wall is slidably connected, and is avoided when wedge block 23 slides by the matching of limiting slot 32 and flange and is detached from sliding slot, ensure that Wedge block 23 slides steady, and the lower end of placing box 2 offers runner 22, and runner 22 and the size of pearl 8 match, pedestal 1 Upper side wall be additionally provided with supporting rod and the second cylinder 29, the upper end of supporting rod is rotatably connected to rubber pad 28, pass through be arranged rubber The pearls 8 of 28 pairs of whereabouts are padded into row buffering, ensure that and do not damage pearl 8, the driving end of the second cylinder 29 and the one of rubber pad 28 End lower wall is fixedly connected, and the upper side wall of pedestal 1 is additionally provided with the first reception box 30 and second and receives box 31, and first receives 30 He of box Second reception box 31 is located at immediately below the side of rubber pad 28, and the inner bottom wall that the first reception box 30 and second receives box 31 is equal Equipped with lint buffer layer, when being detected to clean pearl 8, start the first cylinder 25,26 and of S9702-RGB color and lusters sensor One end of STM32 microcontrollers, wedge block 23 is slipped away from wedge groove, is declined next pearl 8 from runner 22, the first cylinder 25 Wedge groove is blocked in counter motion driving wedge block 23 movement again, and the first reception box is fallen in pearl 8 by the way that lint buffer layer is arranged 30 and second power pearl 8 slided when receiving box 31 into row buffering, avoiding the shock between pearl 8 influences the matter of pearl 8 Amount is inserted with S9702-RGB color and lusters sensor 26, S9702-RGB color and lusters in the support plate of one of 24 downside of tablet The junction of sensor 26 and support plate offers installing port 33, sets that there are two arc ring 34, S9702-RGB colors in installing port 33 Damp sensor 26 is located between two arc rings 34, is all connected with that there are two pressures between installing port 33 and the outer wall of two arc rings 34 Contracting spring 35, two compressed springs 35 being located on each arc ring 34 squeeze arc ring 34 toward medial motion, to pass through Arc ring 34 and compressed spring 35 are clamped S9702-RGB color and lusters sensor 26, and S9702-RGB color and lusters sensor 26 passes through Conducting wire is connected with STM32 microcontrollers, STM32 microcontrollers and the first cylinder 25 and the second cylinder 29 and is electrically connected, positioned at putting It sets one of 2 downside of case support plate and is connected with light source 27 close to the side of rubber pad 28, light source 27 passes through conducting wire and outside Accumulator is electrically connected, and S9702-RGB color and lusters sensor 26 and the center of light source 27 are located on same horizontal line, ensure that standard True is detected pearl 8, and light source 27 illuminates the pearl 8 fallen, and S9702-RGB color and lusters sensor 26 is to pearl 8 It is detected, the color of pearl 8 is passed into STM32 microcontrollers, when pearl 8 is qualified, STM32 microcontrollers driving second 29 telescopic end of cylinder up moves, and rubber pad 28 rotates, and the pearl 8 on rubber pad 28 falls in the first reception box 30, and pearl 8 is not When qualified, STM32 microcontrollers driving 29 telescopic end of the second cylinder moves down, and the pearl 8 on rubber pad 28 falls on second and connects It receives in box 31, then upper detection process again, carries out the detection of next pearl 8, you can realize and carried out according to the difference of 8 color and luster of pearl Sorting.
In the present invention, pearl 8 to be detected is uniformly layered on clean plate 5, starts water pump 11 and stepper motor (in figure not Draw), stepper motor drives the linear guide movement, sliding block 4 to slide on guides 3, drives push plate 6 to push treasure by connecting rod 7 Pearl 8 is moved along, and the water in aqua storage tank 10 is extracted out by water-supply-pipe 12 and carried out to pearl 8 by the ejection of nozzle 9 by water pump 11 It washes away, the impurity on surface is removed, push plate 6 continues to press on, and starts air-heater 17 and fan 19, and clean pearl 8 is from clean plate 5 One end fall through feed inlet 15 enter placing box 2 in, air-heater 17 blow out thermal current the surface of pearl 8 is dried Dry, the impurity not swept away on 8 surface of pearl is scraped after being dried by wiper 16, and the impurity fallen is blown to collection by fan 19 It is collected in box 20, to focus on, when being detected to clean pearl 8, starts the first cylinder 25, S9702-RGB Color and luster sensor 26 and STM32 microcontrollers (S9702-RGB color and lusters sensor and STM32 microcontrollers are the prior art, and two Concrete operating principle and connection type between person do not repeat herein), one end of wedge block 23 is slipped away from wedge groove, is fallen Next pearl 8, wedge groove is blocked in the movement of counter motion driving wedge block 23 to the first cylinder 25 again, and light source 27 is to the pearl that falls 8 are illuminated, and S9702-RGB color and lusters sensor 26 is detected pearl 8, and the color of pearl 8 is passed to STM32 micro-controls Device processed, when pearl 8 is qualified, STM32 microcontrollers driving 29 telescopic end of the second cylinder up moves, and rubber pad 28 rotates, rubber Pearl 8 on pad 28 falls in the first reception box 30, and when pearl 8 is unqualified, STM32 microcontrollers drive the second cylinder 29 flexible End moves down, and the pearl 8 on rubber pad 28 falls in the second reception box 31.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, but scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto, Any one skilled in the art in the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, according to the technique and scheme of the present invention and its Inventive concept is subject to equivalent substitution or change, should be covered by the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of pearl detection device of automatic sorting, including pedestal (1), which is characterized in that the upper side wall of the pedestal (1) is set There are four support plate, the upper end of support plate described in two of which is connected with placing box (2), the upside of the placing box (2) jointly Wall is fixedly connected with connecting plate, and the upper end of the connecting plate is fixedly connected with clean plate (5), the upper side wall of the clean plate (5) Multiple ports are offered, the upper side wall of the clean plate (5) is equipped with multiple pearls (8), and the upper side wall of the clean plate (5) slides It is connected with push plate (6), the linear guide and placement plate, the linear guide packet are connected on the side side wall of the placing box (2) Guide rail (3) and sliding block (4) are included, the sliding block (4) is set on guide rail (3), the company of being equipped on the both sides side wall of the sliding block (4) Extension bar (7), the one end of two connecting rods (7) far from sliding block (4) are fixedly connected with the side side wall of push plate (6) respectively, institute The upper side wall for stating placement plate is equipped with aqua storage tank (10), and the interior bottom of the aqua storage tank (10) is equipped with water pump (11), the water pump (11) output end is connected with water-supply-pipe (12), is set on the side side wall of the clean plate (5) there are two fixed plate, the water delivery The one end of pipe (12) far from water pump (11) extends to the external of aqua storage tank (10) through the inner wall of aqua storage tank (10) and places wherein In one fixed plate and it is connected with nozzle (9), another described fixed plate is set on the outer wall of water-supply-pipe (12), the placement The upper side wall of case (2) offers feed inlet (15), and snap-gauge is respectively connected on the both sides inner wall of the feed inlet (15), each described Snap-gauge is respectively connected with wiper (16) on the side side wall of snap-gauge described in another, and the upper side wall of the placing box (2) is also set There are two air-heater (17), each air-heater (17) is bolted on the upper side wall of placing box (2), each described The output end of air-heater (17) is respectively connected with wind conveying pipe (18), and each wind conveying pipe (18) is connected with more close to the side of snap-gauge A blast pipe, each blast pipe are plugged on snap-gauge and extend to the inside of feed inlet (15), the placing box (2) Side inner wall is equipped with fan (19), and the placing box (2) offers fixing port on the side side wall far from the linear guide, described It is equipped with collection box (20) in fixing port, fastening screw (21), the fastening spiral shell are threaded on the outer wall of the placing box (2) Silk (21) is located at one end in fixing port and the outer wall of collection box (20) is slidably connected, and the upper end of other two support plate is total to With tablet (24) is connected with, the upper side wall of the tablet (24) offers sliding slot, wedge block is slidably connected in the sliding slot (23), the upper side wall of the tablet (24) is additionally provided with the first cylinder (25), the telescopic end and wedge block of first cylinder (25) (23) the side side wall for being located remote from case (2) is fixedly connected, and the lower end of the placing box (2) is set close to the side of wedge block (23) There is the wedge groove to match with wedge block (23) size, the lower end of the placing box (2) offers runner (22), the runner (22) size with pearl (8) matches, and the upper side wall of the pedestal (1) is additionally provided with supporting rod and the second cylinder (29), described The upper end of supporting rod is rotatably connected to rubber pad (28), the driving end of second cylinder (29) under one end of rubber pad (28) Side wall is fixedly connected, and the upper side wall of the pedestal (1) is additionally provided with the first reception box (30) and second receives box (31), and described first It receives box (30) and the second reception box (31) is located at immediately below the side of rubber pad (28), be located at its on the downside of tablet (24) In S9702-RGB color and lusters sensor (26) is inserted in a support plate, the S9702-RGB color and lusters sensor (26) is logical It crosses conducting wire and is connected with STM32 microcontrollers, and the output end of S9702-RGB color and lusters sensor (26) and STM32 microcontrollers Input terminal is electrically connected, and the STM32 microcontrollers and the first cylinder (25) and the second cylinder (29) are electrically connected, and are located at and are placed The support plate is connected with light source (27), the light source (27) close to the side of rubber pad (28) one of on the downside of case (2) It is electrically connected by conducting wire and external accumulator, the S9702-RGB color and lusters sensor (26) and the center of light source (27) are located at On same horizontal line.
2. a kind of pearl detection device of automatic sorting according to claim 1, which is characterized in that one of them is described solid The outer wall of fixed board is equipped with fixed ring (13), and the Fixing shrink ring is located on the outer wall of water-supply-pipe (12).
3. a kind of pearl detection device of automatic sorting according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the aqua storage tank (10) Underface positioned at clean plate (5) is equipped with filter screen (14) on the inner wall of the aqua storage tank (10).
4. a kind of pearl detection device of automatic sorting according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the linear guide by Stepper motor drives.
5. a kind of pearl detection device of automatic sorting according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the clean plate (5) It is located at the surface of feed inlet (15) close to one end of placing box (2).
6. a kind of pearl detection device of automatic sorting according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the both sides of the sliding slot Inner wall offers limiting slot (32), and vertical outside flange, the flange and limit are equipped on the downside of the wedge block (23) The size of position slot (32) matches, and each flange is respectively positioned on the inner wall in one of limiting slot (32) with limiting slot (32) It is slidably connected.
7. a kind of pearl detection device of automatic sorting according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the S9702-RGB The junction of color and luster sensor (26) and support plate offers installing port (33), sets that there are two arc rings in the installing port (33) (34), the S9702-RGB color and lusters sensor (26) is located between two arc rings (34), the installing port (33) and two arcs Compressed spring (35) there are two being all connected between the outer wall of shape ring (34).
8. a kind of pearl detection device of automatic sorting according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described first receives box (30) and the inner bottom wall of the second reception box (31) is equipped with lint buffer layer.
CN201810383420.0A 2018-04-26 2018-04-26 Automatic pearl detection device who selects separately Active CN108714571B (en)

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CN112742785A (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-05-04 望江县向芬米业有限公司 Cleaning equipment is used in rice processing
CN112808557A (en) * 2020-12-22 2021-05-18 浙江农林大学暨阳学院 Pearl sorter based on robot vision

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CN203330007U (en) * 2013-07-19 2013-12-11 洛阳久德轴承模具技术有限公司 Automatic detection system for tapered rollers
CN205914427U (en) * 2016-08-01 2017-02-01 诸暨市银生珍珠养殖有限公司 Processingequipment is washd in sorting of pearl
CN206168849U (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-05-17 广州市祺福珍珠加工有限公司 Sorting unit is washd to pearl

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JP3165622B2 (en) * 1995-06-27 2001-05-14 三菱重工業株式会社 Glass bottle sorter
CN102527648A (en) * 2012-02-29 2012-07-04 石河子大学 Tomato color selecting and cleaning device
CN203330007U (en) * 2013-07-19 2013-12-11 洛阳久德轴承模具技术有限公司 Automatic detection system for tapered rollers
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112742785A (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-05-04 望江县向芬米业有限公司 Cleaning equipment is used in rice processing
CN112808557A (en) * 2020-12-22 2021-05-18 浙江农林大学暨阳学院 Pearl sorter based on robot vision

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