CN208480567U - A kind of Chinese chestnut sheller - Google Patents

A kind of Chinese chestnut sheller Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208480567U
CN208480567U CN201721424093.6U CN201721424093U CN208480567U CN 208480567 U CN208480567 U CN 208480567U CN 201721424093 U CN201721424093 U CN 201721424093U CN 208480567 U CN208480567 U CN 208480567U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
chinese chestnut
outer cylinder
roller
chestnut
spray chamber
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201721424093.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张富强
范晓峰
何斌
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Changan University
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Changan University
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Changan University filed Critical Changan University
Priority to CN201721424093.6U priority Critical patent/CN208480567U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN208480567U publication Critical patent/CN208480567U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of Chinese chestnut shellers, including bracket and feed inlet, further include the shelling mechanism being sequentially connected, coarse sieve mechanism, fine screen mechanism, water washing mechanism and drier;The shelling mechanism includes coaxial mounted outer cylinder and roller, the coarse sieve mechanism includes bellows that are rack-mount and being connected with discharge port of peeling off, the fine screen mechanism includes rack-mount vibrating screen, the water washing mechanism includes the sink for being mounted on frame bottom, sink is tilted to be provided with spray chamber, the conveyer belt parallel with spray chamber is installed, the drier includes the drying box for being mounted on frame bottom in spray chamber.The Chinese chestnut sheller of the utility model can not only make the destructive rate of chestnut low, moreover it is possible to reach chestnut and separate with the perfection for piercing shell.It is also equipped with cleaning simultaneously and drying equipment makes chestnut cleaner;And it is compact to change design structure, it is easy to accomplish, good appearance, noise is smaller.

Description

A kind of Chinese chestnut sheller
Technical field
The utility model belongs to field of agricultural machinery, it is mechanical to be related to Chinese chestnut working process, and in particular to a kind of Chinese chestnut decladding Machine.
Background technique
Currently, domestic orchard worker mainly completes Chinese chestnut decladding by hand, this method not only low efficiency, but also in decladding The outer surface of damage Chinese chestnut is easy in journey;It will be further appreciated that manual operations easily hurts hand.For measuring big Li Nonger Speech, due to manual low efficiency, the cost spent in above labourer is more;And if Chinese chestnut cannot get in maturation and When picking, chestnut directly can fall off on the ground from tree, cause chestnut to rot to degenerate, these all directly affect total effect Benefit.On the other hand, Chinese chestnut sheller type on the market is very little, and decladding effect is not so well, and the destructive rate of chestnut is higher. And thorn shell and chestnut separating effect it is not so well.And the chestnut after decladding is less clean, and appearance is bad.
Summary of the invention
For the deficiencies in the prior art, the purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of Chinese chestnut shellers, solve The destructive rate of existing Chinese chestnut sheller chestnut is high, and chestnut separates halfway technical problem with thorn shell.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the application, which adopts the following technical scheme that, is achieved:
A kind of Chinese chestnut sheller, including bracket and feed inlet further include the shelling mechanism, coarse sieve mechanism, essence being sequentially connected Screening mechanism, water washing mechanism and drier;
The shelling mechanism includes coaxial mounted outer cylinder and roller, and outer cylinder is rack-mount, and roller is mounted on outer In cylinder, the rotation axis consolidated at the top of roller is stretched out at the top of outer cylinder, and rotation axis is driven by rack-mount gear unit, is made Roller is obtained to rotate in outer cylinder;Be provided with tooth of peeling off on the inner wall of outer cylinder and the outer wall of roller, between roller and outer cylinder between Gap is room of peeling off, and room of peeling off is connected with the feed inlet being mounted on outer cylinder;The bottom of outer cylinder is provided with discharge port of peeling off;
The coarse sieve mechanism includes bellows that are rack-mount and being connected with discharge port of peeling off, one end of bellows with Rack-mount air blower is connected, and the other end setting spinosity shell of bellows slightly exports and Chinese chestnut slightly exports, and thorn shell slightly goes out Mouth is located at the top that Chinese chestnut slightly exports, and thorn shell slightly exports connection spinosity shell collecting box;
The fine screen mechanism includes rack-mount vibrating screen, and Chinese chestnut slightly exports positioned at the upper of vibrating screen one end Side, the vibrating screen other end are arranged spinosity shell collection bucket, are machined with the sieve pore that Chinese chestnut can fall, the vibration below sieve pore on vibrating screen It is provided with Chinese chestnut collection bucket on dynamic sieve, Chinese chestnut outlet is provided on Chinese chestnut collection bucket;
The water washing mechanism includes the sink for being mounted on frame bottom, and sink is tilted to be provided with spray chamber, spray chamber Bottom and both ends open, spray chamber is connected close to one end and the Chinese chestnut outlet of bottom of gullet, spray uniform on indoor roof Multiple spray heads are installed, the conveyer belt parallel with spray chamber is installed in spray chamber, be evenly arranged on conveyer belt it is multiple with The vertical baffle of conveyer belt;
The drier includes the drying box for being mounted on frame bottom, and drying box passes through dry feed mouth and spray chamber One end far from bottom of gullet is connected, and the Chinese chestnut after washing can be delivered to dry feed mouth by conveyer belt.
The utility model also has following distinguishing feature:
The gear unit includes rack-mount motor of peeling off, and motor of peeling off is by belt pulley and belt and turns V belt translation is realized in moving axis cooperation.
The top of the roller is mounted on the closed top of outer cylinder by rotation axis, and the bottom of roller, which is mounted on, to be fixedly arranged at In outer cylinder on the hollow out support frame of bottom.
The thorn shell slightly exports to be obliquely installed upwards, and the Chinese chestnut slightly exports and tilts down setting.
Interception protrusion is provided on the vibrating screen.
Leakage hole is machined on the conveyer belt.
The bottom of gullet is provided with discharge outlet.
Compared with prior art, beneficial has the technical effect that the utility model
The Chinese chestnut sheller of the utility model can not only make the destructive rate of chestnut low, moreover it is possible to reach chestnut and pierce the perfection of shell Separation.It is also equipped with cleaning simultaneously and drying equipment makes chestnut cleaner;And it is compact to change design structure, it is easy to accomplish, outside Shape is beautiful, and noise is smaller.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram at another visual angle of the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of shelling mechanism.
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of conveyer belt.
The meaning of each label in figure are as follows: 1- bracket, 2- feed inlet, 3- shelling mechanism, 4- coarse sieve mechanism, 5- fine screening machine Structure, 6- water washing mechanism, 7- drier;
(3-1)-outer cylinder, (3-2)-roller, (3-3)-rotation axis, (3-4)-gear unit, (3-5)-peel off tooth, (3- 6)-room of peeling off, (3-7)-peel off discharge port, (3-8)-hollow out support frame;
(3-4-1)-peels off motor, (3-4-2)-belt pulley, (3-4-3)-belt;
(4-1)-bellows, (4-2)-air blower, (4-3)-thorn shell slightly export, and (4-4)-Chinese chestnut slightly exports, and (4-5)-pierces shell Collecting box;
(5-1)-vibrating screen, (5-2)-pierce shell collection bucket, (5-3)-sieve pore, (5-4)-Chinese chestnut collection bucket, (5-5)-Chinese chestnut Outlet, (5-6)-intercept protrusion;
(6-1)-sink, (6-2)-spray chamber, (6-3)-spray head, (6-4)-conveyer belt, (6-5)-baffle, (6-6)- Leakage hole, (6-7)-discharge outlet;
(7-1)-drying box, (7-2)-dry feed mouth.
The utility model is made with reference to embodiments further to explain in detail explanation.
Specific embodiment
In compliance with the above technical solution, specific embodiment of the utility model is given below, it should be noted that this is practical new Type is not limited to following specific embodiments, and it is practical new that all equivalent transformations made on the basis of the technical solutions of the present application each falls within this The protection scope of type.The utility model is described in further details below with reference to embodiment.
Embodiment 1:
The present embodiment provides a kind of Chinese chestnut sheller, as shown in Figures 1 to 4, including bracket 1 and feed inlet 2, also Including shelling mechanism 3, coarse sieve mechanism 4, fine screen mechanism 5, water washing mechanism 6 and the drier 7 being sequentially connected;
The shelling mechanism 3 includes coaxial mounted outer cylinder 3-1 and roller 3-2, and outer cylinder 3-1 is mounted on bracket 1, is rolled Cylinder 3-2 is mounted in outer cylinder 3-1, and the rotation axis 3-3 consolidated at the top of roller 3-2 stretches out at the top of outer cylinder 3-1, and rotation axis 3-3 passes through The gear unit 3-4 being mounted on bracket 1 drives, so that roller 3-2 is rotated in outer cylinder 3-1;The inner wall and roller of outer cylinder 3-1 The tooth 3-5 that peels off is provided on the outer wall of 3-2, the gap between roller 3-2 and outer cylinder 3-1 is the room 3-6 that peels off, and peel off room 3-6 It is connected with the feed inlet 2 being mounted on outer cylinder 3-1;The bottom of outer cylinder 3-1 is provided with the discharge port 3-7 that peels off;
The coarse sieve mechanism 4 includes the bellows 4-1 for being mounted on bracket 1 and being connected with the discharge port 3-7 that peels off, bellows One end of 4-1 is connected with the air blower 4-2 being mounted on bracket 1, and the other end setting spinosity shell of bellows 4-1 slightly exports 4-3 4-4 is slightly exported with Chinese chestnut, thorn shell slightly exports 4-3 and is located at the top that Chinese chestnut slightly exports 4-4, and thorn shell, which slightly exports, connects spinosity on 4-3 Shell collecting box 4-5;
The fine screen mechanism 5 includes the vibrating screen 5-1 being mounted on bracket 1, and Chinese chestnut slightly exports 4-4 and is located at vibrating screen Spinosity shell collection bucket 5-2 is arranged in the top of the one end 5-1, the vibrating screen 5-1 other end, be machined on vibrating screen 5-1 Chinese chestnut can under It is provided with Chinese chestnut collection bucket 5-4 on vibrating screen 5-1 below the sieve pore 5-3 fallen, sieve pore 5-3, is provided on Chinese chestnut collection bucket 5-4 Chinese chestnut exports 5-5;
The water washing mechanism 6 includes the sink 6-1 for being mounted on 1 bottom of bracket, and sink 6-1 is tilted to be provided with spray chamber 6-2, the bottom of spray chamber 6-2 and both ends open, spray chamber 6-2 export 5-5 phase with Chinese chestnut close to one end of the bottom sink 6-1 Even, multiple spray head 6-3 are uniformly installed on the roof in spray chamber 6-2, are equipped in spray chamber 6-2 flat with spray chamber 6-2 Multiple baffle 6-5s vertical with conveyer belt 6-4 are evenly arranged on capable conveyer belt 6-4, conveyer belt 6-4;
The drier 7 includes the drying box 7-1 for being mounted on 1 bottom of bracket, and drying box 7-1 passes through dry feed mouth 7-2 is connected with spray chamber 6-2 far from one end of the bottom sink 6-1, and conveyer belt 6-4 can convey the Chinese chestnut after washing To dry feed mouth 7-2.
As a kind of preferred embodiment of the present embodiment, gear unit 3-4 includes the motor 3-4- that peels off being mounted on bracket 1 1, the motor 3-4-1 that peels off realize V belt translation by belt pulley 3-4-2 and belt 3-4-3 and rotation axis 3-3 cooperation.
As a kind of concrete scheme of the present embodiment, the top of roller 3-2 is mounted on outer cylinder 3-1 envelope by rotation axis 3-3 The top closed, the bottom of roller 3-2 are mounted on the hollow out support frame 3-8 for being fixedly arranged at bottom in outer cylinder 3-1, increase roller 3-2 Stability do not influence the whereabouts of material again.
As a kind of preferred embodiment of the present embodiment, pierce shell and slightly export 4-3 and be obliquely installed upwards, Chinese chestnut slightly export 4-4 to Under be obliquely installed, convenient for crude separation is better achieved.
As a kind of preferred embodiment of the present embodiment, it is provided on vibrating screen 5-1 and intercepts protrusion 5-6, prevent Chinese chestnut from vibration It is rolled down in thorn shell collection bucket 5-2 on dynamic sieve 5-1.
As a kind of preferred embodiment of the present embodiment, it is machined with leakage hole 6-6 on conveyer belt 6-4, is convenient for draining, reduces band Enter the moisture in drying box 7-1.
As a kind of concrete scheme of the present embodiment, the bottom sink 6-1 is provided with discharge outlet 6-7, for periodically draining.
When the utility model is used, start machine, the Chinese chestnut with spinosity shell is sent into from feed inlet 2, with spinosity shell Chinese chestnut enters in the room 3-6 that peels off, and roller 3-2 makes the Chinese chestnut with spinosity shell under the action of peeling off tooth 3-5 during rotation Broken shell, thorn shell and Chinese chestnut are detached from, and form mixture and fall in bellows 4-1 from the discharge port 3-7 that peels off together.In air blower 4- Under 2 blowing, largely thorn shell more fine crushing is blown afloat slightly to export to blow out in 4-3 from thorn shell and be entered in thorn shell collecting box 4-5, Periodic cleaning.Few bigger slightly export in 4-4 from Chinese chestnut under the effect of gravity together with Chinese chestnut than heavier thorn shell falls to On vibrating screen 5-1.Under the sieving actoion of vibrating screen 5-1, Chinese chestnut is completely separated with larger heavier thorn shell, larger heavier thorn Shell on the face of vibrating screen 5-1 from gradually falling in thorn shell collection bucket 5-2, and Chinese chestnut falls to Chinese chestnut collection bucket from sieve pore 5-3 In 5-4, and then fallen on conveyer belt 6-4 from Chinese chestnut outlet 5-5.Baffle 6-5 on conveyer belt 6-4 concentrates Chinese chestnut Come, avoid falling in screw clamp 6-1, on-line cleaning is realized under the spray effect of spray head 6-3, with transmission after washing Transmission with 6-4, Chinese chestnut are transported in dry feed mouth 7-2, hence into being dried in drying box 7-1.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of Chinese chestnut sheller, including bracket (1) and feed inlet (2), which is characterized in that further include the decorticator being sequentially connected Structure (3), coarse sieve mechanism (4), fine screen mechanism (5), water washing mechanism (6) and drier (7);
The shelling mechanism (3) includes coaxial mounted outer cylinder (3-1) and roller (3-2), and outer cylinder (3-1) is mounted on bracket (1) on, roller (3-2) is mounted in outer cylinder (3-1), and the rotation axis (3-3) consolidated at the top of roller (3-2) stretches out outer cylinder (3-1) Top, rotation axis (3-3) is driven by the gear unit (3-4) being mounted on bracket (1), so that roller (3-2) is in outer cylinder (3- 1) rotation in;It is provided with tooth of peeling off (3-5) on the inner wall of outer cylinder (3-1) and the outer wall of roller (3-2), roller (3-2) and outer Gap between cylinder (3-1) is to peel off room (3-6), and room of peeling off (3-6) is connected with the feed inlet (2) being mounted on outer cylinder (3-1) It is logical;The bottom of outer cylinder (3-1) is provided with discharge port of peeling off (3-7);
The coarse sieve mechanism (4) includes the bellows (4-1) for being mounted on bracket (1) and being connected with discharge port of peeling off (3-7), One end of bellows (4-1) is connected with the air blower (4-2) being mounted on bracket (1), and spinosity is arranged in the other end of bellows (4-1) Shell slightly exports (4-3) and Chinese chestnut and slightly exports (4-4), and thorn shell slightly exports (4-3) and is located at the top that Chinese chestnut slightly exports (4-4), pierces shell Spinosity shell collecting box (4-5) is connected on thick outlet (4-3);
The fine screen mechanism (5) includes the vibrating screen (5-1) being mounted on bracket (1), and Chinese chestnut slightly exports (4-4) and is located at vibration The top of the one end (5-1) is sieved, spinosity shell collection bucket (5-2) is arranged in vibrating screen (5-1) other end, is machined on vibrating screen (5-1) The sieve pore (5-3) that Chinese chestnut can fall is provided with Chinese chestnut collection bucket (5-4), plate on the vibrating screen (5-1) below sieve pore (5-3) Chinese chestnut outlet (5-5) is provided on chestnut collection bucket (5-4);
The water washing mechanism (6) includes the sink (6-1) for being mounted on bracket (1) bottom, and sink (6-1) is tilted to be provided with spray It drenches room (6-2), the bottom of spray chamber (6-2) and both ends open, the one end and plate of spray chamber (6-2) close to the bottom sink (6-1) Chestnut exports (5-5) and is connected, and is uniformly equipped on the roof in spray chamber (6-2) multiple spray heads (6-3), in spray chamber (6-2) It is equipped with the conveyer belt parallel with spray chamber (6-2) (6-4), multiple and conveyer belt (6-4) is evenly arranged on conveyer belt (6-4) Vertical baffle (6-5);
The drier (7) includes being mounted on the drying box (7-1) of bracket (1) bottom, drying box (7-1) by it is dry into Material mouth (7-2) and spray chamber (6-2) are connected far from one end of the bottom sink (6-1), and conveyer belt (6-4) can will be after washing Chinese chestnut be delivered to dry feed mouth (7-2).
2. Chinese chestnut sheller as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the gear unit (3-4) includes being mounted on branch Motor of peeling off (3-4-1) on frame (1), motor of peeling off (3-4-1) pass through belt pulley (3-4-2) and belt (3-4-3) and rotation V belt translation is realized in axis (3-3) cooperation.
3. Chinese chestnut sheller as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that pass through rotation axis at the top of the roller (3-2) (3-3) is mounted on the closed top outer cylinder (3-1), and the bottom of roller (3-2), which is mounted on, is fixedly arranged at engraving for the outer cylinder interior bottom (3-1) On empty support frame (3-8).
4. Chinese chestnut sheller as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the thorn shell slightly exports (4-3), and inclination is set upwards It sets, the Chinese chestnut slightly exports (4-4) and tilts down setting.
5. Chinese chestnut sheller as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that it is convex to be provided with interception on the vibrating screen (5-1) It rises (5-6).
6. Chinese chestnut sheller as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that be machined with leakage hole on the conveyer belt (6-4) (6-6)。
7. Chinese chestnut sheller as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that described bottom sink (6-1) is provided with discharge outlet (6-7)。
CN201721424093.6U 2017-10-31 2017-10-31 A kind of Chinese chestnut sheller Expired - Fee Related CN208480567U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721424093.6U CN208480567U (en) 2017-10-31 2017-10-31 A kind of Chinese chestnut sheller

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721424093.6U CN208480567U (en) 2017-10-31 2017-10-31 A kind of Chinese chestnut sheller

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN208480567U true CN208480567U (en) 2019-02-12

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CN201721424093.6U Expired - Fee Related CN208480567U (en) 2017-10-31 2017-10-31 A kind of Chinese chestnut sheller

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110301653A (en) * 2019-07-23 2019-10-08 范国江 A kind of Chinese chestnut device for peeling
CN111264195A (en) * 2020-03-18 2020-06-12 李书芳 Castor plant threshing and shelling device
CN112075644A (en) * 2020-09-18 2020-12-15 中国检验检疫科学研究院 Chinese chestnut shell breaking processing device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110301653A (en) * 2019-07-23 2019-10-08 范国江 A kind of Chinese chestnut device for peeling
CN111264195A (en) * 2020-03-18 2020-06-12 李书芳 Castor plant threshing and shelling device
CN112075644A (en) * 2020-09-18 2020-12-15 中国检验检疫科学研究院 Chinese chestnut shell breaking processing device
CN112075644B (en) * 2020-09-18 2021-07-30 中国检验检疫科学研究院 Chinese chestnut shell breaking processing device

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20190212

Termination date: 20191031