CN108595224A - Application prompts method, apparatus, storage medium and terminal - Google Patents

Application prompts method, apparatus, storage medium and terminal Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108595224A
CN108595224A CN201810402601.3A CN201810402601A CN108595224A CN 108595224 A CN108595224 A CN 108595224A CN 201810402601 A CN201810402601 A CN 201810402601A CN 108595224 A CN108595224 A CN 108595224A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
application
applications program
preloaded applications
preloaded
program
Prior art date
Application number
CN201810402601.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
韩世广
陈岩
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Oppo广东移动通信有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by Oppo广东移动通信有限公司 filed Critical Oppo广东移动通信有限公司
Priority to CN201810402601.3A priority Critical patent/CN108595224A/en
Publication of CN108595224A publication Critical patent/CN108595224A/en

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F9/00Arrangements for program control, e.g. control units
    • G06F9/06Arrangements for program control, e.g. control units using stored programs, i.e. using an internal store of processing equipment to receive or retain programs
    • G06F9/44Arrangements for executing specific programs
    • G06F9/445Program loading or initiating
    • G06F9/44521Dynamic linking or loading; Link editing at or after load time, e.g. Java class loading
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F9/00Arrangements for program control, e.g. control units
    • G06F9/06Arrangements for program control, e.g. control units using stored programs, i.e. using an internal store of processing equipment to receive or retain programs
    • G06F9/46Multiprogramming arrangements
    • G06F9/48Program initiating; Program switching, e.g. by interrupt
    • G06F9/4806Task transfer initiation or dispatching
    • G06F9/4843Task transfer initiation or dispatching by program, e.g. task dispatcher, supervisor, operating system
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F9/00Arrangements for program control, e.g. control units
    • G06F9/06Arrangements for program control, e.g. control units using stored programs, i.e. using an internal store of processing equipment to receive or retain programs
    • G06F9/46Multiprogramming arrangements
    • G06F9/54Interprogram communication
    • G06F9/542Event management; Broadcasting; Multicasting; Notifications

Abstract

The embodiment of the present application discloses application prompts method, apparatus, storage medium and terminal.This method includes:When the switching frequency for detecting foreground application is higher than predeterminated frequency threshold value, triggering applies pre-loaded event, determination to wait for preloaded applications program;Wait for that preloaded applications program preloads to described;User is prompted for the preloaded applications program preloaded.The embodiment of the present application is by using above-mentioned technical proposal, when the switching frequency of foreground application is higher, it can trigger using pre-loaded event, preloaded applications, which preload, to be waited for determining, and user is effectively prompted for the preloaded applications program for having been carried out preloading, the selection for helping user to be applied, while improving the utilization rate for preloading resource.

Description

Application prompts method, apparatus, storage medium and terminal

Technical field

The invention relates to application program loading technique field more particularly to application prompts method, apparatus, deposit Storage media and terminal.

Background technology

Currently, to have become people daily for the terminals such as smart mobile phone, tablet computer, laptop and intelligent appliance Essential electronic equipment in life.As terminal device is constantly intelligent, operation is all mounted in most terminal devices System so that terminal device can install rich and varied application program, meet the needs of user is different.

It is constantly promoted, can be installed in most terminal devices dozens or even hundreds of using journey with the configuration of terminal device Sequence, and become increasingly abundant with the function of application program, the resource of application program required load when running is also more and more.Work as user When selection starts an application program, terminal can load the resource needed for the application program launching, after to be loaded, Into the initial interface of application program, whole process will usually spend the several seconds even more than ten seconds time, lead to application program Starting efficiency is relatively low, and there is an urgent need for improve.

Invention content

A kind of application prompts method, apparatus of the embodiment of the present application offer, storage medium and terminal, can be to preloading Application program is prompted.

In a first aspect, the embodiment of the present application provides a kind of application prompts method, including:

When the switching frequency for detecting foreground application is higher than predeterminated frequency threshold value, pre-loaded event is applied in triggering;

Determination waits for preloaded applications program;

Wait for that preloaded applications program preloads to described;

User is prompted for the preloaded applications program preloaded.

Second aspect, the embodiment of the present application provide a kind of application prompts device, including:

Preload trigger module, for the switching frequency for detecting foreground application be higher than predeterminated frequency threshold value when, Pre-loaded event is applied in triggering;

Using determining module, for after being triggered using pre-loaded event, determination to wait for preloaded applications program;

Preloaded components, for waiting for that preloaded applications program preloads to described;

Application Hints module, for being prompted user for the preloaded applications program preloaded.

The third aspect, the embodiment of the present application provide a kind of computer readable storage medium, are stored thereon with computer journey Sequence realizes the application prompts method as described in the embodiment of the present application when the program is executed by processor.

Fourth aspect, the embodiment of the present application provide a kind of terminal, including memory, and processor and storage are on a memory And the computer program that can be run in processor, the processor realize such as the embodiment of the present application when executing the computer program The application prompts method.

The application prompts scheme provided in the embodiment of the present application is high in the switching frequency for detecting foreground application When predeterminated frequency threshold value, triggering apply pre-loaded event, determination wait for preloaded applications program, treat preloaded applications program into Row preloads, and is prompted user for the preloaded applications program preloaded.By using above-mentioned technical proposal, It when the switching frequency of foreground application is higher, can trigger using pre-loaded event, preloaded applications, which carry out in advance, to be waited for determining Load, and user is effectively prompted for the preloaded applications program for having been carried out preloading, help user to answer Selection, while improving the utilization rate for preloading resource.

Description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is a kind of flow diagram of application prompts method provided by the embodiments of the present application;

Fig. 2 is a kind of preloading active window storehouse provided by the embodiments of the present application and shows the opposite of on-screen display (osd) area Position relationship schematic diagram;

Fig. 3 is another preloading active window storehouse provided by the embodiments of the present application and shows the phase of on-screen display (osd) area To position relationship schematic diagram;

Fig. 4 is the flow diagram of another application prompts method provided by the embodiments of the present application;

Fig. 5 is a kind of application prompts interface schematic diagram provided by the embodiments of the present application;

Fig. 6 is the flow diagram of another application prompts method provided by the embodiments of the present application;

Fig. 7 is a kind of structure diagram of application prompts device provided by the embodiments of the present application;

Fig. 8 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of terminal provided by the embodiments of the present application;

Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of another terminal provided by the embodiments of the present application.

Specific implementation mode

Further illustrate the technical solution of the application below with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.It is appreciated that It is that specific embodiment described herein is used only for explaining the application, rather than the restriction to the application.It further needs exist for illustrating , illustrate only for ease of description, in attached drawing and the relevant part of the application rather than entire infrastructure.

It should be mentioned that some exemplary embodiments are described as before exemplary embodiment is discussed in greater detail The processing described as flow chart or method.Although each step is described as the processing of sequence, many of which by flow chart Step can be implemented concurrently, concomitantly or simultaneously.In addition, the sequence of each step can be rearranged.When its operation The processing can be terminated when completion, it is also possible to the additional step being not included in attached drawing.The processing can be with Corresponding to method, function, regulation, subroutine, subprogram etc..

Fig. 1 is a kind of flow diagram of application prompts method provided by the embodiments of the present application, and this method can be by Application prompts device executes, and wherein the device can generally be integrated in the terminal by software and or hardware realization.Such as Fig. 1 Shown, this method includes:

Step 101, the switching frequency for detecting foreground application be higher than predeterminated frequency threshold value when, triggering apply pre-add Load event.

Illustratively, the terminal in the embodiment of the present application may include mobile phone, tablet computer, laptop and intelligent family The terminal devices such as electricity.Operating system is mounted in terminal.

Illustratively, switching frequency can for example indicate that user switches foreground application within the unit interval (such as 1 minute) Number.Predeterminated frequency threshold value can be configured according to the definition of switching frequency, such as aforementioned citing, and predeterminated frequency threshold value can be 3 beats/min.When switching frequency is higher, illustrate continually to switch between multiple application programs in user's short time, Yong Huke It can not know and oneself want What for, the application program oneself opened is all without carrying out long-time use, therefore, at this time can be with Pre-loaded event is applied in triggering, to help user to select according to preloading result.

Step 102, determination wait for preloaded applications program.

Illustratively, application program to be preloaded can be understood as user may the application program that will open, can be with The fixed application program pre-set, can also be predicted by the way of certain come application program etc..It waits for pre- The application program of load may include one or more.

Optionally, it prediction model can be used treats the application program of preloading and predicted.The prediction model can be machine Device learning model, used algorithm may include Recognition with Recurrent Neural Network (Recurrent neural networks, RNN), length Short-term memory (Long Short-Term Memory, LSTM) network, thresholding cycling element, simple cycle unit, autocoding Device, decision tree, random forest, characteristic mean classification, post-class processing, Hidden Markov, K arest neighbors (k- NearestNeighbor, KNN) algorithm, Logic Regression Models, Bayesian model, Gauss model and KL divergences (Kullback- Leibler divergence) etc..

Optionally, training sample can be acquired during user's using terminal, using training sample to presetting introductory die Type is trained, and finally obtains the prediction model for predicting application program to be preloaded.Illustratively, it is wrapped in training sample The element contained may include the time series or order sequence that application program is opened;May include time that application program is opened, Place and the frequency etc.;The operating status that may include terminal, such as the on off state of mobile data network, the connection shape of hotspot State, the identity information of the hotspot connected, currently running application program, upper foreground application program, a current application Program backstage stop duration, current application program the last time be switched to the time on backstage, earphone jack plug shape State, charged state, battery level information and screen display duration etc.;It may also include the sensor integrated in terminal to collect Data, such as motion sensor, light sensor, temperature sensor and humidity sensor.

Illustratively, suitable sample elements can be selected according to selected machine learning model, it also can be according to selected Sample elements determine selected machine learning model, may also be combined with the demand to prediction accuracy and pre-set velocity etc. The selection etc. of model and sample elements is carried out, the embodiment of the present application does not limit.

In the embodiment of the present application, determination waits for that preloaded applications program may include according to the output result before prediction model Determination waits for preloaded applications program, can also be predicted including the use of prediction model, by the current output result of prediction model Determination waits for preloaded applications program.

Step 103 waits for that preloaded applications program preloads to described.

In the embodiment of the present application, when wait the application program preloaded only there are one when, without consider application preloading it is suitable Sequence;And when the application program preloaded has multiple, multiple application programs to be preloaded can be determined as currently waiting for one by one Preloaded applications program, and preload operation is carried out successively, 2 or more application programs to be preloaded can be also determined as currently It waits for preloaded applications program, and is carried out at the same time preload operation, that is to say, that the preloading procedure of multiple application programs can be It carries out parallel.

The detailed process of preloading and the resource loaded are not limited in the embodiment of the present application, may be, for example, wait for it is pre- Loading application programs distribute corresponding hardware resource, and the load of the hardware resource based on distribution starts required related data.Show Example property, it may include application process startups, application service startup, Memory Allocation, file content reading, Network Data Capture and Interface rendering etc..In addition, the resource preloaded can be determined according to the concrete type for waiting for preloaded applications program.If for example, waiting for Preloaded applications program is a social software, can preload start picture in the application program, contacts list and Recent Message Record etc.;If waiting for, preloaded applications program is a game, can preload the game back of the body in the application program Scape related data etc..

Step 104 prompts user for the preloaded applications program preloaded.

In the embodiment of the present application, the preloaded applications program preloaded may include the application preloaded Program may also comprise the application program for having completed to preload.

Specific prompting mode is not limited in the embodiment of the present application.Illustratively, mode user prompted Can be graphical cues, text prompt or voice prompt etc..Optionally, can within display screen with floating frame, pop-up or The forms such as fixed display area show preloaded applications program, can show title or icon of preloaded applications program etc.. When preloaded applications program there are it is multiple when, can be prompted one by one in a certain order, or selection 2 therein or more Carry out batch prompt (quantity of the preloaded applications program prompted every time is greater than or equal to 2).

When being preloaded to application program, certain system resource can be consumed or be occupied, especially completes to preload Afterwards, if preloaded applications program is not opened really by user, then will result in certain wasting of resources.Under some scenes, User may not know that oneself using terminal thinks What for yet, or have some that dry thing oneself is needed not remember, then User may there is no strong wishes to start some application program, and technical solution provided by the embodiments of the present application, can be with After being triggered using pre-loaded event, thing that prediction user may do or user may interested thing, namely Application program to be used may be needed or may be ready the application program used by predicting user, to predicting the application journey come Sequence is preloaded in advance, is effectively prompted in preloading procedure or to user after preloading, and user is helped to do Go out selection, can so that terminal is more intelligent, while can also improve the utilization rate for preloading resource, avoids the wasting of resources.

The application prompts method provided in the embodiment of the present application is high in the switching frequency for detecting foreground application When predeterminated frequency threshold value, triggering apply pre-loaded event, determination wait for preloaded applications program, treat preloaded applications program into Row preloads, and is prompted user for the preloaded applications program preloaded.By using above-mentioned technical proposal, It when the switching frequency of foreground application is higher, can trigger using pre-loaded event, preloaded applications, which carry out in advance, to be waited for determining Load, and user is effectively prompted for the preloaded applications program for having been carried out preloading, help user to answer Selection, while improving the utilization rate for preloading resource.

In some embodiments, the quantity for waiting for preloaded applications program is default value, and the default value is more than Or it is equal to 2.The determination waits for preloaded applications program, including:The startup probability of predicting candidate application program;Will start probability compared with The candidate application program of high default value is determined as waiting for preloaded applications program.Illustratively, candidate application program may include All application programs installed in terminal, may also comprise certain applications program.Certain applications program can not include system application Program can also not include the application program that user is rarely employed.Method of determination of the embodiment of the present application to candidate application program And quantity does not limit.Optionally, can according to the access times of each application program in the preset period of time before current time and/ Or determining candidate application program using duration, preset period of time is, for example, 1 month, is more than phase when access times and/or using duration When the threshold value answered, corresponding application program is determined as candidate application program, alternatively, when according to access times and/or use Length is ranked up each application program, and application program in the top is determined as candidate application program.

Illustratively, prediction model described above can be used to determine the startup probability of each candidate application program.For example, Training sample when being trained according to prediction model acquires current sample, and current sample is input in prediction model, obtains each time Select the startup probability of application program.It can will come preceding N's (N is default value) to starting the sequence of probability progress from high to low Candidate application program is determined as application program to be loaded.The advantages of this arrangement are as follows can be carried out to multiple application programs pre- Load, and this multiple application program is determined according to probability is started, and can be improved the accuracy of prediction, preloaded Afterwards, the application program for being more bonded user's current demand can be prompted the user with.

In some embodiments, wait for that preloaded applications program preloads to described, including:According to waiting for preloaded applications Program is corresponding to start the sequence of probability from high to low, waits for that preloaded applications program preloads to described.It is arranged in this way Be advantageous in that, it is high to start probability, illustrates that user more likely selects the application program, in order to start quickly probability it is high wait for pre-add Carry speed of application program when being easily selected by a user and really starting, the embodiment of the present application make startup probability it is high wait for preloaded applications Process priority is preloaded, and ensures that it preloads completeness as possible.Illustratively, it is highest that startup probability can first be preloaded Wait for preloaded applications program, after the application program to be loaded preloads, then start to preload it is next wait preloading answer Use program;Alternatively, startup can also be preloaded first, probability is highest waits for preloaded applications program, when the application program to be loaded is When preloading is finished, then starts to preload and next wait for preloaded applications program.In addition, it can also be current sequentially to preload The application program preloaded provides more supports, such as distributes more hardware resources, improves and preloads speed, It can avoid preloading the harmful effects such as caused interim card parallel, ensure the normal operation of foreground application.

In some embodiments, described that user is prompted for the preloaded applications program preloaded, packet It includes:Start the sequence of probability from high to low according to the preloaded applications program preloaded is corresponding, for preloaded applications Program prompts user.The advantages of this arrangement are as follows starting the high preloaded applications program of probability can obtain preferentially It has been shown that, because it more likely meets the needs of users.When preloaded applications program there are it is multiple when, can be according to general by starting The sequence of rate from high to low is prompted one by one, or 2 therein of selection or more carries out batch prompt, when batch is shown every time, By start the higher preloaded applications program of probability come display queue lean on front position.

In some embodiments, described that user is prompted for preloaded applications program, including:On the display screen Show the corresponding startup entrance of preloaded applications program.Correspondingly, showing that preloaded applications program is corresponding on the display screen After starting entrance, further include:It operates according to the user's choice and determines target start entrance, and corresponded to based on target start entrance Destination application preloading resource destination application described in foreground initiation.The advantages of this arrangement are as follows can be with It is shown in prompting region and starts entrance, facilitated user to be directly based upon startup entrance and select, it is corresponding pre- to quickly start Loading application programs.Start entrance such as can be application icon or application name.

In some embodiments, wait for that preloaded applications program preloads to described, including:It is pre- based on what is be pre-created Loading activity window stack waits for the corresponding application interface of preloaded applications program described in preloading, wherein the preloading activity The corresponding boundary coordinate of window stack is located at except the coordinate range of display screen.The advantages of this arrangement are as follows to applying boundary Face is preloaded, and can largely complete, using the preparation before starting, to promote the startup of preloaded applications program Speed, and do not interfere with the display of the display content of foreground application on the display screen.

In the embodiment of the present application, active window can be regarded as one it is independent be directly facing user provide interaction and operation Interface may name the interface in different operating system using different nouns.In order to make it easy to understand, below with Android (Android) following explanation is carried out for operating system.

In android system, active window is referred to as Activity.Activity, which is one, to be responsible for interacting with user Component provides screen (can be understood as screen interface, and the display screen of non-physical), certain is completed so that user interacts Item task.In an android application program, Activity is exactly usually an individual screen, it is above can be with Show that some controls can also be monitored and handle the event of user.In being managed to Activity, there is two such concept: Task (task stack) and Stack (active window storehouse).Task corresponds to an application program, and Task is used to store Activity, One or more Activity can be stored in one Task, and these Activity are followed " first-in last-out, last in, first out " Principle.And Stack is used to be managed Task, in general, each Activity shown needed for one Stack pairs screen Affiliated Task is managed, and a Stack can manage one or more Task, and certainly, Stack similarly follows storehouse Basic management principle.The not necessarily complete independent display screen of screen described here, by taking " two screens " as an example, the two Screen may be the region that two independent displays respectively show content in a full display screen.Certainly, if terminal has Two even more than two separate display screens, then " two screens " can also be two independent display screens.

In android system, multiwindow pattern is supported, it may include span mode, picture-in-picture mode and free schema (FreeForm).Under multiwindow pattern, the Stack where application program can have the size (size) of oneself, may include Using the terminal screen upper left corner as the coordinate up and down in the coordinate system of origin.For example, (a, b, c, d), general description is one The coordinate on the boundary of a rectangle, coordinate and the lower right corner that the rectangle upper left corner can be used is indicated, i.e. the top left co-ordinate of rectangle For (a, b), bottom right angular coordinate is (c, d), and such rectangular area just corresponds to the size of Stack.The interior layout of application in Stack It is to be subject to the size of Stack, that is to say, that the corresponding application interfaces of Activity are carried out in the bounds of size Display.

Under multiwindow pattern, multiple application programs can be allowed to be in visible state, including system and use it is visible per family Only system is visible.System and refer to being shown on the display screen with visible per family, and user it can be seen that;Only system It can be seen that refer to operating system visible, and user is invisible, may be blocked by the application on foreground or as the application to be realized Display screen outside show.

In the embodiment of the present application, the application interface that preloaded applications program is treated outside display screen is preloaded, can It is realized with the multiwindow mechanism based on operating system, the corresponding size of application program is located at by display screen by multiwindow mechanism Curtain is outer and reaches to the sightless purpose of user, to not interfere with the display content of foreground application on the display screen Display.

In general, under multiwindow pattern, may exist a plurality of types of Stack, as Home Stack indicate desktop application The Stack of display, App Stack indicate that third-party application shows can also there is other split screens Stack etc..The embodiment of the present application In, increase preloading active window storehouse (preloading Stack), the Stack shown for indicating preloaded applications newly, and be arranged The boundary coordinate for preloading Stack is located at except the coordinate range of display screen, and application program to be preloaded may be displayed on The Stack.For android system, can based on the multiwindow mechanism of android system, create one dedicated for Show the Stack of preloaded applications.In the embodiment of the present application, newly-built Stack is because newly-built preloading Stack can be allowed to gather around There are oneself size and visibility, to realize the purpose preloaded outside display screen.

In the embodiment of the present application, the establishment opportunity to preloading Stack does not limit, and can be the acquiescence before terminal is dispatched from the factory Setting preloads Stack and is in resident state, that is, preloads Stack and always exist;It can also be in starting up of terminal or terminal solution It is created after locking successfully;It (can be before determination waits for preloaded applications program) can also be created after application pre-loaded event is triggered Build etc..Optionally, it is described based on the preloading active window storehouse that is pre-created preload described in wait for preloaded applications program Corresponding application interface, including:Judge whether the preloading active window storehouse being pre-created;If being not present, according to Preset rules, which create, preloads active window storehouse;Based on the preloading active window storehouse that is created preload described in wait for pre-add Carry the corresponding application interface of application program.The advantages of this arrangement are as follows after determination waits for preloaded applications program, judge pre- Load Stack whether there is, and if it exists, is then not necessarily to create, if being not present, is created, can save system resource.It can be with Understand, when preloaded applications program includes multiple, namely needs continuously to preload in a short time multiple using journey When sequence, before waiting for that preloaded applications program starts load at first, preload Stack and created and finishes, then second wait for it is pre- Before loading application programs start load, it is existing to preload Stack, it may not be necessary to carry out above-mentioned judgement.

In the embodiment of the present application, the corresponding application interface of preloaded applications program is waited for being based on preloading Stack preloadings Detailed process do not limit, such as can based on preload Stack size carry out application interface drafting and show etc..

In some embodiments, it is described based on the preloading active window storehouse that is pre-created preload described in wait preloading The corresponding application interface of application program, including:The corresponding target process of preloaded applications program is waited for described in establishment;It is being pre-created Preloading active window storehouse in create described in wait for the corresponding task stack of preloaded applications program;Existed based on the target process The corresponding active window of preloaded applications program is waited for described in starting in the task stack;It is drawn simultaneously based on the active window started The corresponding application interface of preloaded applications program is waited for described in display.The advantages of this arrangement are as follows screen coordinate model can be based on The application interface that preloading active window storehouse except enclosing treats preloaded applications program is drawn and is shown, will not interfere The operation and display of foreground application ensure system stability, while effectively improving when preloaded applications program starts Speed.While creating target process, it may also include the initialization procedure of target process.In the implementation procedure of above-mentioned steps In, it is also possible to it is related to the preloading of other resources, such as application service startup, Memory Allocation, file content is read and network data Obtain etc., the embodiment of the present application does not limit the preloading procedure of other resources.

In some embodiments, further include:It waits for that preloaded applications program sends forgery focus notice to described, and is based on institute Forgery focus is stated to notify to wait for the lasting drafting of the corresponding application interface of preloaded applications program described in holding within a preset period of time And display update.The advantages of this arrangement are as follows can wait for preloaded applications program obtain focus and to system it is visible In the case of complete the drafting and display of application interface, improve the completeness of preloading, and shadow is not generated to the focus of foreground application It rings.Focus in the embodiment of the present application is also known as input focus, and it is mutual indepedent to forge focus focus corresponding with foreground application.One As, for current android system, focus is unique, such as the inputs operation focus point such as touch comes into force, right In input focus information, system end and application end are consistent, and system end will be sent out once changing input focus information to application It send input focus information changed information, ensures that system end is consistent with application end input focus information in this approach.This Shen It please realize that application end can forge the mesh of focus in embodiment, by way of piece-rate system end and application end input focus information 's.Specifically, in the embodiment of the present application, focus notice is forged to preloaded applications, makes preloaded applications that there is focus information, and The focus information of system end is still correct, and processing in this way can enable preloaded applications normally to draw, and reach all The purpose of load.Focus is present in system end and application end, it is believed that is server-side (server) and client (client), is System end record gathers around focal application, and application end preserves flag bit (flag) and identifies whether oneself has focus.Forge input focus Opportunity can be when Android window system increase newly window, need update focus when, generate forge focus notify and carry out It sends.The method for forging focus can be the method for the change window focus at the ends client for calling window so that the window obtains Take focus.Specifically, the transmission of focus notice can be carried out forging based on Binder mechanism, Binder mechanism is android system Interprocess communication most common mode, using c/s frameworks, i.e. client/service architecture.

In the embodiment of the present application, preset time period can be designed according to actual conditions, such as can be started after preloading Can also be to start to be pre-loaded to the period etc. for completing to preload within the scope of fixed duration.In some embodiments, described default The length of period includes the playing duration for waiting for starting advertisement or startup animation in preloaded applications program.Some apply journey Sequence is during startup, it will usually play some advertisements or animation, the playing duration of advertisement or animation is usually 3 seconds to more than ten Second is differed, and during playing advertisement or animation, user may can not carry out any operation, can only wait for and finish, waste The quality time of user.The embodiment of the present application the advantages of this arrangement are as follows, can wait for preloaded applications program start before, It plays to start advertisement or start animation outside screen and can be directly entered application program when preloaded applications program starts Homepage or the operable interface of other users, so that the operable time point for waiting for preloaded applications program further be carried Before, reduce the stand-by period.

For some terminals, especially the mobile terminals such as mobile phone and tablet computer show in order to facilitate the use of user The display mode of display screen curtain generally includes vertical screen display and transverse screen display, and many application program acquiescences are shown using vertical screen mode Show, and some application programs acquiescence is shown (such as some online games) using transverse screen mode, during the use of terminal, Some application programs can also hold the direction of terminal with user and carry out the switching that horizontal/vertical screen is shown.In some realities of the application It applies in example, the corresponding boundary coordinate of the preloading active window storehouse is (H, 0,2H, H), the corresponding seat of the boundary coordinate Mark system is system coordinates, and the origin of the system coordinates is the upper left corner of the display screen, and H is the display of the display screen The long side length in region.That is, H it is corresponding while be show screen display area it is maximum while, be in vertical screen display The height for showing screen is the width of display screen in transverse screen display.The purpose being arranged in this way allows for display screen transverse screen, pre- Transverse screen display and the normal display of some application programs are applied in load.Fig. 2 is a kind of preloading provided by the embodiments of the present application The relative position relation schematic diagram of active window storehouse and display on-screen display (osd) area.As shown in Fig. 2, showing that screen is perpendicular at this time Screen mode, terminal system origin are the left vertex (0,0) for showing screen 201, and the width direction of display screen 201 is X Axis, short transverse are Y-axis, and it is (H, 0,2H, H) to preload the corresponding boundary coordinates of Stack202, and H is that screen is high, i.e., the left side is real Region in line rectangular extent is main on-screen display (osd) area, and the region within the scope of the dashed rectangle of the right is to preload display area. Fig. 3 is that another preloading active window storehouse provided by the embodiments of the present application is closed with the relative position of on-screen display (osd) area is shown It is schematic diagram.As shown in figure 3, showing that screen is transverse screen mode at this time, terminal system origin is the left side for showing screen 301 The short transverse on vertex (0,0), display screen 301 is X-axis, and width direction is Y-axis, preloads the corresponding boundaries Stack202 and sits It is designated as (H, 0,2H, H), H is that screen is high, i.e., the region within the scope of the solid-line rectangle of the left side is main on-screen display (osd) area, the right dotted line Region in rectangular extent is to preload display area.

The reason of each boundaries Stack are arranged such is preloaded to be:

The abscissa in the upper left corner is H, be in order to prevent transverse screen when show that screen (be alternatively referred to as main screen) is shown to pre-add The interface of application is carried, because main screen is in addition to vertical screen mode, also transverse screen mode, when main screen transverse screen, in order to prevent Main screen display area domain shows the part of the application of preloading, so the upper left that will preload the corresponding rectangular areas Stack Angle abscissa is set as screen height.

The ordinate in the upper left corner is 0, is in order to which preloaded applications can be computed correctly status bar height.Android is applied For better design user interface (User Interface, UI), the self-defined top state column of meeting, if top is corresponding vertical Coordinate is not equal to 0, then the height of status bar may mistake.

The abscissa in the lower right corner is 2H (2 times of screen height), that is, the width=screen for preloading the corresponding rectangles of Stack is high, is (i.e. application interface is transverse screen display mode for transverse screen application when size in order to preload Stack can include preloading Application program).

The ordinate in the lower right corner is H, that is, the height=screen for preloading the corresponding rectangles of Stack is high, is to preload The size of Stack can include vertical screen application when preloading.

Based on above-mentioned reason, inventor sets (H, 0,2H, H) size for preloading Stack to.

In some embodiments, the preloaded applications program preloaded is being received (when waiting for preloaded applications journey After sequence has been carried out preload operation, this can be known as preloaded applications program when preloaded applications program) operating instruction when (such as user triggers the corresponding startup entrance of preloaded applications program), described in including in the preloading active window storehouse The corresponding application interface of preloaded applications program is migrated to the display screen and is shown.Specifically, described by the pre-add The corresponding application interface of the preloaded applications program for including in active window storehouse is carried to migrate to display screen progress It has been shown that, including:The corresponding task stack migration of the preloaded applications program that will include in the preloading active window storehouse To the top of application activity window stack;The dimension information, configuration information and visibility for updating the task stack, described in realization The corresponding application interface of preloaded applications program is shown in the display screen.The advantages of this arrangement are as follows Neng Goubao The stability for demonstrate,proving interfacial migration process ensures the problems such as recovery process is not in card screen, blank screen or migration velocity are slow.

Fig. 4 is the flow diagram of another application prompts method provided by the embodiments of the present application, and this method includes Following steps:

Step 401, the switching frequency for detecting foreground application be higher than predeterminated frequency threshold value when, triggering apply pre-add Load event.

Step 402, after being triggered using pre-loaded event, utilize opening for default prediction model predicting candidate application program Dynamic probability.

Step 403 will start the candidate application program of the higher default value of probability and be determined as waiting for preloaded applications program.

Step 404 starts probability sequence from high to low according to waiting for that preloaded applications program is corresponding, and pre-add is waited for described Application program is carried to be preloaded.

Step 405 starts the sequence of probability from high to low according to the preloaded applications program preloaded is corresponding, The corresponding startup entrance of preloaded applications program is shown on display screen.

Fig. 5 is a kind of application prompts interface schematic diagram provided by the embodiments of the present application.As shown in figure 5, being with mobile phone , news details interface is being shown in foreground application in mobile phone, and preloaded applications are provided at the top of display screen The prompting region 501 of program shows preloaded applications program 502 (in the form of application program image target in prompting region 501 Show corresponding startup entrance), 4 preloaded applications programs, the preloaded applications that the application couple is shown simultaneously are shown in figure The quantity of program does not limit.When showing 4 simultaneously, if the preloaded applications program preloaded is more than 4, then can To be scrolled, to control the ratio of the display on-screen display (osd) area of the occupancy of prompting region 501.

Step 406 operates determining target start entrance, and is based on the corresponding mesh of target start entrance according to the user's choice Mark preloading resource destination application described in foreground initiation of application program.

Application prompts method provided by the embodiments of the present application is higher than in the switching frequency for detecting foreground application When predeterminated frequency threshold value, pre-loaded event is applied in triggering, starts the sequence of probability from high to low according to waiting preloading, to predicting Come wait for that preloaded applications program is preloaded, and show on the display screen preloaded applications program it is corresponding start into Mouthful, the selection for helping user to be applied, while improving the utilization rate for preloading resource.

Fig. 6 is the flow diagram of another application prompts method provided by the embodiments of the present application, as shown in fig. 6, This method includes:

Step 601, the switching frequency for detecting foreground application be higher than predeterminated frequency threshold value when, triggering apply pre-add Load event.

Step 602, after being triggered using pre-loaded event, utilize opening for default prediction model predicting candidate application program Dynamic probability.

Step 603 will start the higher N number of candidate application program of probability and be determined as waiting for preloaded applications program.

Step 604 starts probability sequence from high to low according to waiting for that preloaded applications program is corresponding, based on being pre-created Preloading active window storehouse preload described in wait for the corresponding application interface of preloaded applications program.

Wherein, the corresponding boundary coordinate of active window storehouse that preloads is located at except the coordinate range of display screen. Illustratively, it can be drawn based on the preloading Stack outside display screen and show the corresponding application of preloaded applications program Interface.

Step 605, the preloading completeness sequence from high to low according to the preloaded applications program preloaded, The corresponding startup entrance of preloaded applications program is shown on display screen.

Step 606 operates determining target start entrance according to the user's choice, will be in the preloading active window storehouse Including the corresponding application interface of the target start entrance migrate to display screen shown.

Application prompts method provided by the embodiments of the present application, pre-loaded event is applied in triggering, using pre-add outside screen The application interface that the mode of load treats preloaded applications program is preloaded, and shows preloaded applications journey on the display screen The corresponding startup entrance of sequence, the selection for helping user to be applied wait for the preloaded applications program that user has selected some to prompt Afterwards, directly the application interface preloaded is migrated to display screen and is shown, improved and start speed.

Fig. 7 is a kind of structure diagram of application prompts device provided by the embodiments of the present application, which can be by software And/or hardware realization, be typically integrated in terminal, can by executing application reminding method come to preloaded applications program into Row prompt.As shown in fig. 7, the device includes:

Trigger module 701 is preloaded, for being higher than predeterminated frequency threshold value in the switching frequency for detecting foreground application When, pre-loaded event is applied in triggering;

Using determining module 702, for after being triggered using pre-loaded event, determination to wait for preloaded applications program;

Preloaded components 703, for waiting for that preloaded applications program preloads to described;

Application Hints module 704, for being prompted user for the preloaded applications program preloaded.

Application prompts device provided by the embodiments of the present application is higher than in the switching frequency for detecting foreground application When predeterminated frequency threshold value, triggering applies pre-loaded event, determination to wait for preloaded applications program, treats the progress of preloaded applications program It preloads, user is prompted for the preloaded applications program preloaded.By using above-mentioned technical proposal, when It when the switching frequency of foreground application is higher, can trigger using pre-loaded event, preloaded applications, which carry out pre-add, to be waited for determining It carries, and user is effectively prompted for the preloaded applications program for having been carried out preloading, user is helped to apply Selection, while improve preload resource utilization rate.

Optionally, the quantity for waiting for preloaded applications program is default value, and the default value is greater than or equal to 2;

The determination waits for preloaded applications program, including:

The startup probability of predicting candidate application program;

The candidate application program of the higher default value of probability will be started to be determined as waiting for preloaded applications program.

Optionally, wait for that preloaded applications program preloads to described, including:

Start the sequence of probability from high to low according to waiting for that preloaded applications program is corresponding, preloaded applications journey is waited for described Sequence is preloaded.

Optionally, described that user is prompted for the preloaded applications program preloaded, including:

Start the sequence of probability from high to low according to the preloaded applications program preloaded is corresponding, for preloading Application program prompts user.

Optionally, described that user is prompted for preloaded applications program, including:

The corresponding startup entrance of preloaded applications program is shown on the display screen;

Correspondingly, after showing the corresponding startup entrance of preloaded applications program on the display screen, further include:

It operates according to the user's choice and determines target start entrance, and be based on the corresponding intended application journey of target start entrance Preloading resource destination application described in foreground initiation of sequence.

Optionally, when the switching frequency for detecting foreground application is higher than predeterminated frequency threshold value, pre-add is applied in triggering Load event.

Optionally, wait for that preloaded applications program preloads to described, including:

Based on the preloading active window storehouse that is pre-created preload described in wait for the corresponding application of preloaded applications program Interface, wherein the corresponding boundary coordinate of active window storehouse that preloads is located at except the coordinate range of display screen.

Optionally, the corresponding boundary coordinate of the preloading active window storehouse is (H, 0,2H, H), the boundary coordinate Corresponding coordinate system is system coordinates, and the origin of the system coordinates is the upper left corner of the display screen, and H is the display screen The long side length of the display area of curtain.

The embodiment of the present application also provides a kind of storage medium including computer executable instructions, and the computer is executable Instruction is used for executing application reminding method when being executed by computer processor, and this method includes:

When the switching frequency for detecting foreground application is higher than predeterminated frequency threshold value, pre-loaded event is applied in triggering;

Determination waits for preloaded applications program;

Wait for that preloaded applications program preloads to described;

User is prompted for the preloaded applications program preloaded.

Storage medium --- any various types of memory devices or storage device.Term " storage medium " is intended to wrap It includes:Install medium, such as CD-ROM, floppy disk or magnetic tape equipment;Computer system memory or random access memory, such as DRAM, DDRRAM, SRAM, EDORAM, blue Bath (Rambus) RAM etc.;Nonvolatile memory, such as flash memory, magnetic medium (example Such as hard disk or optical storage);The memory component etc. of register or other similar types.Storage medium can further include other types Memory or combinations thereof.In addition, storage medium can be located at program in the first computer system being wherein performed, or It can be located in different second computer systems, second computer system is connected to the first meter by network (such as internet) Calculation machine system.Second computer system can provide program instruction to the first computer for executing.Term " storage medium " can To include two or more that may reside in different location (such as in different computer systems by network connection) Storage medium.Storage medium can store the program instruction that can be executed by one or more processors and (such as be implemented as counting Calculation machine program).

Certainly, a kind of storage medium including computer executable instructions that the embodiment of the present application is provided, computer The application prompts operation that executable instruction is not limited to the described above, can also be performed what the application any embodiment was provided Relevant operation in application prompts method.

The embodiment of the present application provides a kind of terminal, and application program provided by the embodiments of the present application can be integrated in the terminal and is carried Showing device.Fig. 8 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of terminal provided by the embodiments of the present application.Terminal 800 may include:Memory 801, Processor 802 and it is stored in the computer program that can be run on memory 801 and in processor 802, the processor 802 executes The application prompts method as described in the embodiment of the present application is realized when the computer program.

Terminal provided by the embodiments of the present application can be triggered when the switching frequency of foreground application is higher using preloading Event waits for that preloaded applications preload to determining, and for have been carried out the preloaded applications program of preloading to Family is effectively prompted, the selection for helping user to be applied, while improving the utilization rate for preloading resource.

Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of another terminal provided by the embodiments of the present application, which may include:Shell (figure In be not shown), memory 901, central processing unit (central processing unit, CPU) 902 (also known as processor, with Lower abbreviation CPU), circuit board (not shown) and power circuit (not shown).The circuit board is placed in the shell The space interior surrounded;The CPU902 and the memory 901 are arranged on the circuit board;The power circuit, is used for It powers for each circuit or device of the terminal;The memory 901, for storing executable program code;It is described CPU902 is run and the executable program code pair by reading the executable program code stored in the memory 901 The computer program answered, to realize following steps:

When the switching frequency for detecting foreground application is higher than predeterminated frequency threshold value, pre-loaded event is applied in triggering;

Determination waits for preloaded applications program;

Wait for that preloaded applications program preloads to described;

User is prompted for the preloaded applications program preloaded.

The terminal further includes:Peripheral Interface 903, RF (Radio Frequency, radio frequency) circuit 905, voicefrequency circuit 906, loud speaker 911, power management chip 908, input/output (I/O) subsystem 909, other input/control devicess 910, touch Touch screen 912, other input/control devicess 910 and outside port 904, these components by one or more communication bus or Signal wire 907 communicates.

It should be understood that graphic terminal 900 is only an example of terminal, and terminal 900 can have than figure Shown in more or less components, two or more components can be combined, or can have different portions Part configures.Various parts shown in the drawings can be including one or more signal processings and/or application-specific integrated circuit Hardware, software or hardware and software combination in realize.

Just the terminal provided in this embodiment for application prompts is described in detail below, and the terminal is with mobile phone For.

Memory 901, the memory 901 can be by access such as CPU902, Peripheral Interfaces 903, and the memory 901 can Can also include nonvolatile memory to include high-speed random access memory, such as one or more disk memory, Flush memory device or other volatile solid-state parts.

The peripheral hardware that outputs and inputs of equipment can be connected to CPU902 and deposited by Peripheral Interface 903, the Peripheral Interface 903 Reservoir 901.

I/O subsystems 909, the I/O subsystems 909 can be by the input/output peripherals in equipment, such as touch screen 912 With other input/control devicess 910, it is connected to Peripheral Interface 903.I/O subsystems 909 may include 9091 He of display controller One or more input controllers 9092 for controlling other input/control devicess 910.Wherein, one or more input controls Device 9092 processed receives electric signal from other input/control devicess 910 or sends electric signal to other input/control devicess 910, Other input/control devicess 910 may include physical button (pressing button, rocker buttons etc.), dial, slide switch, behaviour Vertical pole clicks idler wheel.It is worth noting that input controller 9092 can with it is following any one connect:Keyboard, infrared port, The indicating equipment of USB interface and such as mouse.

Touch screen 912, the touch screen 912 are the input interface and output interface between user terminal and user, can It is shown to user depending on output, visual output may include figure, text, icon, video etc..

Display controller 9091 in I/O subsystems 909 receives electric signal from touch screen 912 or is sent out to touch screen 912 Electric signals.Touch screen 912 detects the contact on touch screen, and the contact detected is converted to and is shown by display controller 9091 The interaction of user interface object on touch screen 912, that is, realize human-computer interaction, the user interface being shown on touch screen 912 Object can be the icon of running game, be networked to the icon etc. of corresponding network.It is worth noting that equipment can also include light Mouse, light mouse are the extensions for the touch sensitive surface for not showing the touch sensitive surface visually exported, or formed by touch screen.

RF circuits 905 are mainly used for establishing the communication of mobile phone and wireless network (i.e. network side), realize mobile phone and wireless network The data receiver of network and transmission.Such as transmitting-receiving short message, Email etc..Specifically, RF circuits 905 receive and send RF letters Number, RF signals are also referred to as electromagnetic signal, and RF circuits 905 convert electrical signals to electromagnetic signal or electromagnetic signal is converted to telecommunications Number, and communicated with communication network and other equipment by the electromagnetic signal.RF circuits 905 may include for executing The known circuit of these functions comprising but it is not limited to antenna system, RF transceivers, one or more amplifiers, tuner, one A or multiple oscillators, digital signal processor, CODEC (COder-DECoder, coder) chipset, user identifier mould Block (Subscriber Identity Module, SIM) etc..

Voicefrequency circuit 906 is mainly used for receiving audio data from Peripheral Interface 903, which is converted to telecommunications Number, and the electric signal is sent to loud speaker 911.

Loud speaker 911, the voice signal for receiving mobile phone from wireless network by RF circuits 905, is reduced to sound And play the sound to user.

Power management chip 908, the hardware for being connected by CPU902, I/O subsystem and Peripheral Interface are powered And power management.

Application prompts device, storage medium and the terminal provided in above-described embodiment can perform the application and arbitrarily implement The application prompts method that example is provided has and executes the corresponding function module of this method and advantageous effect.Not in above-mentioned reality The technical detail of detailed description in example is applied, reference can be made to the application prompts method that the application any embodiment is provided.

Note that above are only preferred embodiment and the institute's application technology principle of the application.It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that The application is not limited to specific embodiment described here, can carry out for a person skilled in the art it is various it is apparent variation, The protection domain readjusted and substituted without departing from the application.Therefore, although being carried out to the application by above example It is described in further detail, but the application is not limited only to above example, in the case where not departing from the application design, also May include other more equivalent embodiments, and scope of the present application is determined by scope of the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of application prompts method, which is characterized in that including:
When the switching frequency for detecting foreground application is higher than predeterminated frequency threshold value, pre-loaded event is applied in triggering;
Determination waits for preloaded applications program;
Wait for that preloaded applications program preloads to described;
User is prompted for the preloaded applications program preloaded.
2. according to the method described in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the quantity for waiting for preloaded applications program is present count Value, the default value are greater than or equal to 2;
The determination waits for preloaded applications program, including:
The startup probability of predicting candidate application program;
The candidate application program of the higher default value of probability will be started to be determined as waiting for preloaded applications program.
3. according to the method described in claim 2, it is characterized in that, wait for that preloaded applications program preloads to described, wrap It includes:
Start probability sequence from high to low according to waiting for that preloaded applications program is corresponding, to it is described wait for preloaded applications program into Row preloads.
4. according to the method described in claim 2, it is characterized in that, described for the preloaded applications program preloaded User is prompted, including:
Start the sequence of probability from high to low according to the preloaded applications program preloaded is corresponding, for preloaded applications Program prompts user.
5. according to the method described in claim 4, it is characterized in that, described carry user for preloaded applications program Show, including:
The corresponding startup entrance of preloaded applications program is shown on the display screen;
Correspondingly, after showing the corresponding startup entrance of preloaded applications program on the display screen, further include:
It operates according to the user's choice and determines target start entrance, and based on the corresponding destination application of target start entrance Preload resource destination application described in foreground initiation.
6. according to the method described in claim 1, it is characterized in that, wait for that preloaded applications program preloads to described, wrap It includes:
Based on the preloading active window storehouse that is pre-created preload described in wait for the corresponding application interface of preloaded applications program, Wherein, the corresponding boundary coordinate of active window storehouse that preloads is located at except the coordinate range of display screen.
7. according to the method described in claim 6, it is characterized in that, the corresponding boundary coordinate of the preloading active window storehouse For (H, 0,2H, H), the corresponding coordinate system of the boundary coordinate is system coordinates, and the origin of the system coordinates is the display The upper left corner of screen, H are the long side length of the display area of the display screen.
8. a kind of application prompts device, which is characterized in that including:
Trigger module is preloaded, for when the switching frequency for detecting foreground application is higher than predeterminated frequency threshold value, triggering Using pre-loaded event;
Using determining module, for after being triggered using pre-loaded event, determination to wait for preloaded applications program;
Preloaded components, for waiting for that preloaded applications program preloads to described;
Application Hints module, for being prompted user for the preloaded applications program preloaded.
9. a kind of computer readable storage medium, is stored thereon with computer program, which is characterized in that the program is held by processor The application prompts method as described in any in claim 1-7 is realized when row.
10. a kind of terminal, which is characterized in that including memory, processor and storage can be run on a memory and in processor Computer program, the application journey as described in claim 1-7 is any is realized when the processor executes the computer program Sequence reminding method.
CN201810402601.3A 2018-04-28 2018-04-28 Application prompts method, apparatus, storage medium and terminal CN108595224A (en)

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