CN108593599A - A kind of brine for kitchen use, syrup concentration measure Intelligent water cup - Google Patents

A kind of brine for kitchen use, syrup concentration measure Intelligent water cup Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108593599A
CN108593599A CN201810526416.5A CN201810526416A CN108593599A CN 108593599 A CN108593599 A CN 108593599A CN 201810526416 A CN201810526416 A CN 201810526416A CN 108593599 A CN108593599 A CN 108593599A
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China
Prior art keywords
module
solution
light
cup
brine
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CN201810526416.5A
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CN108593599B (en
Inventor
林锑杭
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Yiwu Lansi sporting goods Co., Ltd
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Putian City Fire Information Technology Co Ltd
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N21/00Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using sub-millimetre waves, infrared, visible or ultraviolet light
    • G01N21/17Systems in which incident light is modified in accordance with the properties of the material investigated
    • G01N21/41Refractivity; Phase-affecting properties, e.g. optical path length

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of brine for kitchen use, syrup concentrations to measure Intelligent water cup, is related to kitchen utensils, Intelligent water cup includes cup ontology, the first optical transmitter module, the second optical receiver module, master controller;Cup ontology includes the first accommodating chamber for installing solution;First optical transmitter module and the second optical receiver module are respectively arranged at first end face and second end face outside the first optical channel within the first accommodating chamber;First output end of master controller is connect with the first optical transmitter module;Second input terminal of the second optical receiver module and master controller connects;Master controller includes the first light emission control module, refracted light receiving module, refractive index solves module and solution concentration solves module.The present invention avoids the required precision of weighing method solution ratio, improves the accuracy of the solution concentration configured;Manual conversion need not be also needed to solve concentration as weight method simultaneously, and after being acted on for evaporation or non-quantitative charging, solution concentration can also be obtained again.

Description

A kind of brine for kitchen use, syrup concentration measure Intelligent water cup
Technical field
The present invention relates to cup field, more particularly to a kind of brine for kitchen use, syrup concentration measure Intelligent water cup.
Background technology
In daily life, the mankind can drink syrup, configuration physiological saline often, also or be the salt for configuring concentration of seawater Water spits sand so that ocean is fresh.
In the prior art, allotment syrup, brine are typically carried out by weighing method, and in fact, general family have it is molten Liquid measure can't be big, on the one hand, needs the weighing precision of weighing method to claim, the solution concentration configured is not easy to essence Really, on the other hand, water resource and solute are be easy to cause if by increasing solvent and solute to reduce weighing method precision Waste.
In addition, using weighing method there is a problem in that:1) it, needs to carry out manual conversion's solution concentration to solute volume; 2), after due to evaporation or non-quantitative charging effect, solution concentration cannot obtain again.
Invention content
In view of the part in the drawbacks described above of the prior art, technical problem to be solved by the invention is to provide one kind Brine for kitchen use, syrup concentration measure Intelligent water cup, it is intended to by measuring the refractive index of solution, and solve solution by refractive index Concentration facilitate to obtain more accurate solution concentration and be equipped with solution for kitchen use.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a kind of brine for kitchen use, syrup concentration measures Intelligent water cup, the intelligence Cup includes cup ontology, the first optical transmitter module, the second optical receiver module, master controller;The cup ontology includes for installing First accommodating chamber of solution;First optical transmitter module and second optical receiver module are respectively arranged at described first and accommodate The first end face and second end face outside the first optical channel within chamber;
First output end of the master controller is connect with first optical transmitter module;Second optical receiver module with Second input terminal of the master controller connects;The master controller connects including the first light emission control module, refracted light Receive module, refractive index solves module and solution concentration solves module;
The first light emission control module emits the first light for controlling first optical transmitter module;It is described First light and the normal angle of the first end face are the first incidence angle θi;The method of first light and the second end face Line is parallel;First light is the first distance L at a distance from the intersection point to the second end face of the first end face;
The refracted light receiving module is adopted for emitting first light in response to first optical transmitter module Collect offset distance D of first light after first accommodating chamber refraction on second optical receiver module;
The refractive index solves module, for according to the offset distance D, first distance and the first incidence angle θi, solve the refractive index n of the solution;The refractive index n meets:
The solution concentration solves module, for according to the refractive index of the solution, the solute information of the solution, The solvent of the solution obtains the concentration c of the solution;The solution concentration c meets:C=α n2+ β n- γ, the solute letter Breath includes refractive index-concentration relationship information, and the α, the β, the γ are multinomial system of refractive index-concentration relationship curve Number.
In the technical scheme, pass through the first optical transmitter module, second optical receiver module, first end face, second end face Position Design to acquire refractive index, and further acquires solution concentration by refractive index, so that user can obtain more essence True solution concentration facilitates and is equipped with solution for kitchen use.The technical solution avoids the required precision of weighing method solution ratio, raising from matching The accuracy for the solution concentration set out;It need not also need manual conversion to solve concentration as weight method simultaneously, and evaporation is made With or non-quantitative charging effect after, solution concentration can also be obtained again.
Sucrose syrup concentration is tested with index of refraction relationship by inventor, what discovery was not chemically reacted with water Single soluble article is mixed with water, and refractive index is related with the proportioning of the two, i.e. solute ratio is higher, and the refractive index of solution is also got over Height, and meet curved line relation;In addition, inventor also tests brine strength and index of refraction relationship, also meet above-mentioned rule Rule.It, in the technical scheme, can by measuring solution concentration in the case where knowing the solute of solution based on above-mentioned mechanism Know the concentration of solution.
In a specific embodiment, the first end face is plane;The second end face is plane.Pass through plane Type designs, and improves refractive index solving precision, and reduces equipment installation accuracy, reduces assembly cost.
In a specific embodiment, the first end face and the second end face are located at the middle part of the cup ontology. In the technical solution, first end face and second end face are arranged in the middle part of cup ontology, bottom is rolled over when solute being avoided not melt complete It penetrates that rate is higher and top refractive index is relatively low, uses the middle part of cup ontology to measure refractive index and so that result is accurate.
In a specific embodiment, first optical transmitter module and second optical receiver module are set to the cup In the inner wall of ontology.In the technical scheme, the first optical transmitter module and the second optical receiver module are set in glass ontology, are dropped The influence of low cup body wall improves refractometry precision.
In a specific embodiment, the cup ontology material is light-transmitting materials, first optical transmitter module and described Second optical receiver module is set to except the outer wall of the cup ontology.In the technical scheme, by the first optical transmission module and The setting of two optical receiver modules is external in cup sheet, effectively improves assembly compatibility, reduces infrastructure cost.
In a specific embodiment, first for installing first optical transmitter module is offered on the cup ontology Groove and for installing second groove of the second optical receiver module;First optical transmitter module is set to described first In groove, the outer wall of first transmitting module and the outer wall of the cup ontology match;Second optical receiver module is set It is placed in second groove, the outer wall of second transmitting module and the outer wall of the cup ontology match.In the technical side Case is installed by setting the first groove, the second groove convenient for modularization.
In a specific embodiment, the master controller further includes intrinsic offset apart from acquisition module, for described First accommodating chamber is to acquire first light after first accommodating chamber refraction in second light-receiving under emptying state Intrinsic offset distance D in module0
The refracted light receiving module is additionally operable to according to the intrinsic offset distance D0, the first accommodating chamber is loaded molten The offset distance D acquired when liquid is corrected;The offset distance D meets:D=Dreal-D0, the DrealFor actual measured value.
In the technical scheme, by being solved to intrinsic offset distance, cup ontology material is eliminated or reduced to light path The influence of refraction improves refractometry precision.
Optionally, second optical receiver module is planar;
In a specific embodiment, second optical receiver module includes photo resistance array.In the technical scheme, It is measured by the first beam projecting of photo resistance array pair position.
According to the array element that photo resistance array resistors value becomes smaller, know that second optical receiver module receives light Position.
In a specific embodiment, the master controller further includes:Solute inputs acquisition module, defeated for acquiring user The solute information entered.
In a specific embodiment, the master controller further includes memory module, for storing at least one confession The solute information of user's selection, the solute information includes solute title, refractive index-concentration corresponding with the solute title The multinomial ordered coefficients of relation curve.
In the technical scheme, by presetting refractive index-concentration relationship curve of a variety of solutes, choosing is effectively provided to the user It selects, improves system compatibility.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The present invention by the first optical transmitter module, the second optical receiver module, first end face, The Position Design of second end face to acquire refractive index, and further acquires solution concentration, so that user can by refractive index More accurate solution concentration is obtained, facilitates and is equipped with solution for kitchen use.The present invention avoids the required precision of weighing method solution ratio, Improve the accuracy of the solution concentration configured;While manual conversion's solution concentration need not be also needed as weight method, and for After evaporation or non-quantitative charging effect, solution concentration can also be obtained again.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is that a kind of brine for kitchen use, the syrup concentration that the embodiment of the invention provides measure Intelligent water cup Structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is a kind of brine, the syrup concentration based on Intelligent water cup for kitchen use that the embodiment of the invention provides The flow diagram of assay method;
Fig. 3 is the light path schematic diagram of the refraction of the first light in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the cup that a kind of brine for kitchen use, syrup concentration in the embodiment of the invention measures Intelligent water cup Body construction schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is that a kind of brine for kitchen use, syrup concentration in the embodiment of the invention measures the of Intelligent water cup The overall structure diagram of one optical transmitter module and the second optical receiver module;
Fig. 6 is syrup concentration and index of refraction relationship curve graph in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 7 is brine strength and index of refraction relationship curve graph in the embodiment of the invention.
Specific implementation mode
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples:
As shown in figs. 1-7, in the first embodiment of the invention, a kind of brine for kitchen use is provided, syrup concentration measures intelligence Cup, the Intelligent water cup include cup ontology 101, the first optical transmitter module 108, the second optical receiver module 109, master controller; The cup ontology 101 includes the first accommodating chamber 102 for installing solution;First optical transmitter module 108 and described second Optical receiver module 109 is respectively arranged at 103 He of first end face outside the first optical channel 107 within first accommodating chamber 102 Second end face 104;
First output end of the master controller is connect with first optical transmitter module 108;The second light-receiving mould Block 109 is connect with the second input terminal of the master controller;The master controller includes the first light emission control module, refraction Light receiver module, refractive index solve module and solution concentration solves module;
The first light emission control module emits the first light for controlling first optical transmitter module 108;Institute The normal angle for stating the first light and the first end face 103 is the first incidence angle θi;First light and the second end The normal in face 104 is parallel;First light is at a distance from the intersection point to the second end face 104 of the first end face 103 For the first distance L;
The refracted light receiving module, for emitting first light in response to first optical transmitter module 108, Acquire offset distance of first light after first accommodating chamber 102 refraction on second optical receiver module 109 D;Wherein, θi≠0;
The refractive index solves module, for according to the offset distance D, first distance and the first incidence angle θi, solve the refractive index n of the solution;The refractive index n meets:
The solution concentration solves module, for according to the refractive index of the solution, the solute information of the solution, The solvent of the solution obtains the concentration c of the solution;The solution concentration c meets:C=α n2+ β n- γ, the solute letter Breath includes refractive index-concentration relationship information, and the α, the β, the γ are multinomial system of refractive index-concentration relationship curve Number.
It is noted that in the present embodiment, a concentration of mass percent concentration.
As shown in figure 3, from the geometrical relationship of the first light refraction phenomenon:
θri-Δθ(1)
From triangle geometrical relationship:
By refractive index formulaAnd known to formula (1)-(2):
Optionally, the solute is syrup;The concentration c of syrup meets:C=-12.276n2+39.646n-31.04。
Applicant is by sucrose and water proportioning test, obtaining 1 data of table.
Syrup refractive index and concentration relationship experimental data at 1,18 DEG C of table
Refractive index 1.334 1.3477 1.3573 1.3691 1.3872 1.4025 1.4186 1.4407
Concentration 0% 9.10% 16.70% 23.10% 33.30% 41.10% 50% 60%
By curve matching, the concentration c for obtaining sucrose syrup meets:C=-12.276n2+39.646n-31.04。
Optionally, the solute is brine;The solution concentration c meets:C=-31.77n2+91.519n-65.55.
Applicant is by salt and water proportioning test, obtaining 2 data of table.
Brine refractive index and concentration relationship experimental data at 2,18 DEG C of table
Refractive index 1.334 1.3419 1.3479 1.3624 1.3701 1.3813
Concentration 0% 5% 9.10% 16.70% 20% 25%
By curve matching, the concentration c for obtaining brine meets:C=-31.77n2+91.519n-65.55.
Optionally, the solute information includes the type of the solute;
In actual scene application, user needs to configure brine, inputs configuration brine to system, user adds salt adding water Afterwards, the concentration of the brine of Intelligent water cup detection configuration, and exported in the form of display;According to the practical concentration for measuring brine, use Family carries out adding water as needed or adds salt.Optionally, the salt includes sea salt, iodizedsalt.
In another scene, user needs to configure syrup, and configuration syrup, after user adds water sugaring, intelligence are inputted to system The concentration of cup detection configuration syrup, and real-time display;It carries out adding water sugaring according to demand.It is noted that sugar itself Including a variety of, system can refine it, for example, glucose, sucrose, maltose, honey etc..
In the present embodiment, the solute is the edible articles for use of single.
Optionally, the Intelligent water cup further includes display module, and the display module is connect with main control;Optionally, institute It is LCD module to state display module;Optionally, the display module is charactron.
In the present embodiment, the first end face 103 is plane;The second end face 104 is plane.
Optionally, the first end face 103 and the second end face 104 are located at the middle part of the cup ontology 101.
In another embodiment, first optical transmitter module 108 and second optical receiver module 109 are set to described In the inner wall of cup ontology 101.
In the present embodiment, 101 material of cup ontology is light-transmitting materials, first optical transmitter module 108 and described Second optical receiver module 109 is set to except the outer wall of the cup ontology 101.
In the present embodiment, first for installing first optical transmitter module 108 is offered on the cup ontology 101 Groove 105 and for installing second optical receiver module, 109 second groove 106;First optical transmitter module 108 is set It is placed in first groove 105, the outer wall of first transmitting module and the outer wall of the cup ontology 101 match;It is described Second optical receiver module is set in second groove 106, the outer wall of second transmitting module and the cup ontology 101 Outer wall match.
Preferably, in the present embodiment, the master controller further includes intrinsic offset apart from acquisition module, for described First accommodating chamber 102 is to acquire first light after first accommodating chamber 102 refraction described second under emptying state Intrinsic offset distance D on optical receiver module 1090
The refracted light receiving module is additionally operable to according to the intrinsic offset distance D0, the first accommodating chamber 102 is loaded The offset distance D acquired when solution is corrected;The offset distance D meets:D=Dreal-D0, the DrealFor practical measurement Value.
Optionally, second optical receiver module 109 is planar;
In the present embodiment, second optical receiver module 109 includes photo resistance array.
According to the array element that photo resistance array resistors value becomes smaller, know that second optical receiver module 109 receives The position of light.
In the present embodiment, the master controller further includes:Solute inputs acquisition module, input by user molten for acquiring Matter information.
In the present embodiment, the solvent is water;Optionally, the solute is salt;Optionally, the solute is sugar; It is noted that in the present embodiment, it is not recommended that mixed to many kinds of substance, such variable is excessive, index of refraction and concentration Then there is multigroup solution, i.e., mixed salt i.e. plus salt either sea salt mixing syrup then adds sucrose or glucose, blending honey Water then adds honey.
In the present embodiment, the master controller further includes memory module, described at least one for user's choosing for storing The solute information selected, the solute information include solute title, refractive index corresponding with the solute title-concentration relationship song The multinomial ordered coefficients of line.
In addition, in the present embodiment, the first optical transmitter module 108 and the second optical receiver module 109 can be with one whole Third reflect rate measurement module is assembled with cup ontology 101;Optionally, the third reflect rate detection module, including first Light emitting portion 202 and the second light receiver 201, and it is respectively used to the first optical transmitter module 108 of installation and the second optical receiver module 109;The master controller is set in the third reflect rate detection module.
The preferred embodiment of the present invention has been described in detail above.It should be appreciated that those skilled in the art without It needs creative work according to the present invention can conceive and makes many modifications and variations.Therefore, all technologies in the art Personnel are available by logical analysis, reasoning, or a limited experiment on the basis of existing technology under this invention's idea Technical solution, all should be in the protection domain being defined in the patent claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of brine for kitchen use, syrup concentration measure Intelligent water cup, which is characterized in that the Intelligent water cup include cup ontology, First optical transmitter module, the second optical receiver module, master controller;The cup ontology includes being accommodated for installing the first of solution Chamber;First optical transmitter module and second optical receiver module are respectively arranged at the first light within first accommodating chamber First end face outside channel and second end face;
First output end of the master controller is connect with first optical transmitter module;Second optical receiver module with it is described Second input terminal of master controller connects;The master controller includes the first light emission control module, refracted light reception mould Block, refractive index solve module and solution concentration solves module;
The first light emission control module emits the first light for controlling first optical transmitter module;Described first Light and the normal angle of the first end face are the first incidence angle θi;The normal phase of first light and the second end face It is parallel;First light is the first distance L at a distance from the intersection point to the second end face of the first end face;
The refracted light receiving module acquires institute for emitting first light in response to first optical transmitter module State offset distance D of first light after first accommodating chamber refraction on second optical receiver module;
The refractive index solves module, for according to the offset distance D, first distance and the first incidence angle θi, solve The refractive index n of the solution;The refractive index n meets:
The solution concentration solves module, for according to the refractive index of the solution, the solute information of the solution, described The solvent of solution obtains the concentration c of the solution;The solution concentration c meets:C=α n2+ β n- γ, the solute packet Containing refractive index-concentration relationship information, the α, the β, the multinomial ordered coefficients that the γ is refractive index-concentration relationship curve.
2. a kind of brine for kitchen use as described in claim 1, syrup concentration measure Intelligent water cup, which is characterized in that described the End face is plane;The second end face is plane.
3. a kind of brine for kitchen use as described in claim 1, syrup concentration measure Intelligent water cup, which is characterized in that described the End face and the second end face are located at the middle part of the cup ontology.
4. a kind of brine for kitchen use as described in claim 1, syrup concentration measure Intelligent water cup, which is characterized in that described the One optical transmitter module and second optical receiver module are set in the inner wall of the cup ontology.
5. a kind of brine for kitchen use, syrup concentration measure Intelligent water cup as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the cup Ontology material is light-transmitting materials, and first optical transmitter module and second optical receiver module are set to the outer of the cup ontology Except wall.
6. a kind of brine for kitchen use, syrup concentration measure Intelligent water cup as claimed in claim 5, which is characterized in that the cup The first groove for installing first optical transmitter module is offered on ontology and for installing the second light-receiving mould The second groove of block;First optical transmitter module is set in first groove, the outer wall of first transmitting module with The outer wall of the cup ontology matches;Second optical receiver module is set in second groove, second transmitting The outer wall of module and the outer wall of the cup ontology match.
7. a kind of brine for kitchen use, syrup concentration measure Intelligent water cup as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the master Controller further includes intrinsic offset apart from acquisition module, under being emptying state in first accommodating chamber, acquisition described the Intrinsic offset distance D of one light after first accommodating chamber refraction on second optical receiver module0
The refracted light receiving module is additionally operable to according to the intrinsic offset distance D0, to being adopted when the first accommodating chamber filling solution The offset distance D of collection is corrected;The offset distance D meets:D=Dreal-D0, the DrealFor actual measured value.
8. a kind of brine for kitchen use as described in claim 1, syrup concentration measure Intelligent water cup, which is characterized in that described the Two optical receiver modules include photo resistance array.
9. a kind of brine for kitchen use, syrup concentration measure Intelligent water cup as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the master Controller further includes:Solute inputs acquisition module, for acquiring solute information input by user.
10. a kind of brine for kitchen use, syrup concentration measure Intelligent water cup as claimed in claim 9, which is characterized in that the master Controller further includes memory module, for storing at least one solute information selected for user, the solute packet Include solute title, the multinomial ordered coefficients of refractive index-concentration relationship curve corresponding with the solute title.
CN201810526416.5A 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 Intelligent water cup for measuring concentration of brine and syrup for kitchen Active CN108593599B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH05198866A (en) * 1992-01-20 1993-08-06 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Dye laser equipment
CN1122911A (en) * 1994-11-11 1996-05-22 潘志文 Liquid concentration on-line measuring apparatus
CN1291719A (en) * 1999-10-11 2001-04-18 浙江大学 Method and instrument for measuring liquid refractivity
CN2551992Y (en) * 2002-06-14 2003-05-21 清华大学 Brine concentration measurer
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