CN108557558B - Concentrator for building experiments - Google Patents

Concentrator for building experiments Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108557558B
CN108557558B CN201810051899.8A CN201810051899A CN108557558B CN 108557558 B CN108557558 B CN 108557558B CN 201810051899 A CN201810051899 A CN 201810051899A CN 108557558 B CN108557558 B CN 108557558B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wheel
counterweight
pulley block
stopper
controller
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Application number
CN201810051899.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108557558A (en
Inventor
任翔
郭梦圆
陈佩圆
刘真
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Anhui University of Science and Technology
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Anhui University of Science and Technology
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Priority to CN201810051899.8A priority Critical patent/CN108557558B/en
Publication of CN108557558A publication Critical patent/CN108557558A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H51/00Forwarding filamentary material
    • B65H51/20Devices for temporarily storing filamentary material during forwarding, e.g. for buffer storage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H59/00Adjusting or controlling tension in filamentary material, e.g. for preventing snarling; Applications of tension indicators
    • B65H59/10Adjusting or controlling tension in filamentary material, e.g. for preventing snarling; Applications of tension indicators by devices acting on running material and not associated with supply or take-up devices
    • B65H59/36Floating elements compensating for irregularities in supply or take-up of material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2701/00Handled material; Storage means
    • B65H2701/30Handled filamentary material
    • B65H2701/32Optical fibres or optical cables
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2701/00Handled material; Storage means
    • B65H2701/30Handled filamentary material
    • B65H2701/34Handled filamentary material electric cords or electric power cables
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2701/00Handled material; Storage means
    • B65H2701/30Handled filamentary material
    • B65H2701/35Ropes, lines

Abstract

The invention discloses a hub for a building experiment and an implementation method thereof, wherein the hub comprises a hub main body, wherein a top column, a support column, a line concentration pulley block, a counterweight pulley block and a controller are arranged on the hub main body; the front surface of the ejection column is provided with a left limiter, a right limiter, a laser and an end point limiter, and the back surface of the ejection column is provided with a driving wheel and a driven wheel; the controller is installed on the terminal surface of fore-set, the laser instrument is transferred and is installed the inclined rail. The invention has stable and firm performance, accurate system control, small friction force and large wire storage amount in the simulation test of a building experiment, can completely form a wire concentrator with an intelligent wire storage function, realizes the function of buffering the winding up, and is suitable for popularization and application.

Description

Concentrator for building experiments
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field related to building experiments and intelligent experimental equipment thereof, in particular to a hub for building experiments.
Background
In the process of line simulation construction or arrangement in civil construction experiments, an active pay-off rack is needed to pay off simulation ropes, electric wires, optical cables and other ropes, and at the moment, under a laboratory simulation environment, if the pay-off speed is too high and the ropes need low-tension take-up, the ropes are easily untimely to take up or take up to cause errors, so that the whole pay-off and take-up are disordered. Therefore, it is necessary to design a wire collector, which is installed in front of the take-up stand and serves as a difference regulator between the paying-off speed and the winding-up speed.
The invention forms a wire concentrator with a wire storage function by arranging mechanical structures such as a top column, a support column, a wire collecting pulley block, a counterweight pulley block and the like and matching with electrical components such as a limiter, a laser, a controller and the like, thereby realizing the function of buffering the wire collection.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a hub for a building experiment, which forms a hub with a wire storage function so as to realize the function of buffering the wound-up wires.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a hub for a building experiment comprises a hub main body, wherein a top column, a support column, a line concentration pulley block, a counterweight pulley block and a controller are arranged on the hub main body; the front surface of the ejection column is provided with a left limiter, a right limiter, a laser and an end point limiter, and the back surface of the ejection column is provided with a driving wheel and a driven wheel; the controller is installed on the terminal surface of fore-set, the laser instrument is transferred and is installed the inclined rail.
Preferably, the top column is welded at the top ends of the three support columns, and guide rails are respectively arranged on two sides of the bottom end of the top column.
Preferably, the driving wheel is connected with the driven wheel through a rack belt; and a belt stabilizer is fixedly arranged on the rack belt.
Preferably, the driving wheel is connected with a motor through a speed reducer, and the motor is electrically connected with the controller; the driven wheel is fixedly arranged on the back of the top column.
Preferably, the left stopper, the right stopper, the laser and the end stopper are electrically connected with the controller respectively.
Preferably, the distance between the left stopper and the right stopper is 1 meter, and the left stopper and the right stopper are respectively responsible for limiting the left displacement limit and the right displacement limit of the line concentration pulley block; and the end point limiter is responsible for limiting the right displacement limit of the counterweight pulley block.
Preferably, the line concentration pulley block is connected with the line concentration movable double wheels, the line concentration movable double wheels are connected with the guide rail in a sliding mode, and the lower wheels of the line concentration movable double wheels are fixedly connected with the belt stabilizer.
Preferably, the counterweight pulley block is connected with a front counterweight double wheel, the middle of the front counterweight double wheel is connected with the guide rail in a sliding manner, a lower wheel of the front counterweight double wheel is connected with a lower wheel of a back counterweight double wheel, the central position of the back counterweight double wheel is connected with the counterweight block through a fixed pulley, and the fixed pulley is fixedly installed on the back of the ejection column; and the upper wheels of the front counterweight double wheels are fixedly connected with the inclined rail.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: the invention forms a wire concentrator with a wire storage function by arranging mechanical structures such as a top column, a support column, a wire concentrating pulley block, a counterweight pulley block and the like and matching with electrical components such as a limiter, a laser, a controller and the like, thereby realizing the function of buffering the taken-up wire.
The method has the following specific beneficial effects:
1. the wire collecting pulley block is used, so that the wire storage function of the system is ensured, when the take-up tension on the take-up frame is loosened, the wire collecting pulley block can timely drive the wire to move towards the left side at a constant speed, and the wire storage amount is automatically increased; when the take-up tension on the take-up stand is recovered, the line-collecting pulley block drives the line to move towards the right side at a constant speed, and the stored line is released;
2. the combination of the inclined rail and the laser can acquire the take-up speed on the take-up frame, and when the take-up speed is increased, the distance between the inclined rail and the laser is increased, so that the tension of the wire can be judged to be increased, and the wire collection pulley block is automatically controlled to move towards the right side through the controller; when the take-up speed is reduced, the distance between the inclined rail and the laser is reduced, so that the tension of the wire can be judged to be reduced, and the wire concentration pulley block is automatically controlled to move towards the left side through the controller;
3. the balancing weight can adjust the pulling force of the counterweight pulley block to the line by adjusting the self weight, so that the tension can be properly adjusted.
The invention has stable and firm performance, accurate system control, small friction force and large wire storage amount in the simulation test of a building experiment, can completely form a wire concentrator with an intelligent wire storage function, realizes the function of buffering the winding up, and is suitable for popularization and application.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a main structure of a hub for construction experiments according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an installation view of the line concentration pulley block of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a view of the counterweight pulley block installation of the present invention;
in the figure: 1-a hub main body; 2-a top pillar; 3-a support column; 4-a line-concentrating pulley block; 401-line concentration moving double wheels; 402-left stop; 403-right stop; 5-a counterweight pulley block; 501-front counterweight double wheels; 502-ramp; 503-a laser; 504-a counterweight; 505-rear counterweight dual wheels; 506-a fixed pulley; 6-a controller; 7-an end stop; 8, a motor; 801-speed reducer; 9-driving wheel; 901-rack belt; 902-driven wheel; 903-a belt stabilizer; 10-guide rail.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-3, the present invention provides a technical solution: a concentrator for a building experiment comprises a concentrator main body 1, wherein a top column 2, a support column 3, a line concentration pulley block 4, a counterweight pulley block 5 and a controller 6 are arranged on the concentrator main body 1; the front surface of the top pillar 2 is provided with a left stopper 402, a right stopper 403, a laser 503 and an end stopper 7, and the back surface of the top pillar 2 is provided with a driving wheel 9 and a driven wheel 902; the controller 6 is installed on the end face of the top column 2, and the inclined rail 502 is installed below the laser 503.
The top column 2 is welded on the top ends of the three support columns 3, and guide rails 10 are respectively arranged on two sides of the bottom end of the top column 2.
The driving wheel 9 and the driven wheel 902 are connected through a rack belt 901; a belt stabilizer 903 is fixedly mounted on the rack belt 901.
The driving wheel 9 is connected with a motor 8 through a speed reducer 801, and the motor 8 is electrically connected with the controller 6; the driven wheel 902 is fixedly mounted on the back of the top pillar 2.
The left stopper 402, the right stopper 403, the laser 503 and the end stopper 7 are electrically connected to the controller 6, respectively.
The distance between the left stopper 402 and the right stopper 403 is 1 meter, and the left stopper 402 and the right stopper 403 are respectively responsible for limiting the left displacement limit and the right displacement limit of the line concentration pulley block 4; the end point limiter 7 is responsible for limiting the right displacement limit of the counterweight pulley block 5.
The line concentration pulley block 4 is connected with a line concentration moving double wheel 401, the line concentration moving double wheel 401 is connected with the guide rail 10 in a sliding mode, and a lower wheel of the line concentration moving double wheel 401 is fixedly connected with the belt stabilizer 903.
The counterweight pulley block 5 is connected with a front counterweight double wheel 501, the middle of the front counterweight double wheel 501 is connected with the guide rail 10 in a sliding manner, a lower wheel of the front counterweight double wheel 501 is connected with a lower wheel of a back counterweight double wheel 505, the central position of the lower wheel of the back counterweight double wheel 505 is connected with a counterweight block 504 through a fixed pulley 506, and the fixed pulley 506 is fixedly installed on the back of the support pillar 2; the upper wheel of the front counterweight double wheel 501 is fixedly connected with the inclined rail 502.
The working principle is as follows: before the wire winding device is used, the wire winding device is arranged in front of a wire winding frame, and the center of the wire winding device is aligned and then fixed on the ground. When in use, firstly, the system switch is turned on through the controller 6; then, the wire is wound on the wire collecting pulley block 4 and the counterweight pulley block 5 in an 8 shape, goes out from the outermost pulley of the counterweight pulley block 5 and enters the take-up frame. When the take-up speed is increased, the distance between the inclined rail 502 and the laser 503 is increased, so that the tension of the wire can be judged to be increased, and the controller 6 is used for automatically controlling the wire collection pulley block 4 to move towards the right side; when the take-up speed is reduced, the distance between the inclined rail 502 and the laser 503 is reduced, so that the tension of the wire can be judged to be reduced, and the controller 6 is used for automatically controlling the wire collection pulley block 4 to move towards the left side; when the take-up tension on the take-up stand is loose, the line-collecting pulley block 4 can timely drive the line to move towards the left side at a constant speed, so that the line storage amount is automatically increased; when the take-up tension on the take-up stand is recovered, the line-collecting pulley block 4 drives the line to move towards the right side at a constant speed, and the stored line is released.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a concentrator for building experiments which characterized in that: the concentrator comprises a concentrator main body (1), wherein a top column (2), a support column (3), a line concentration pulley block (4), a counterweight pulley block (5) and a controller (6) are arranged on the concentrator main body (1); the front surface of the top pillar (2) is provided with a left stopper (402), a right stopper (403), a laser (503) and an end point stopper (7), and the back surface of the top pillar (2) is provided with a driving wheel (9) and a driven wheel (902); the controller (6) is arranged on the end face of the top column (2), and the inclined rail (502) is arranged below the laser (503); the laser (503) is electrically connected with the controller (6); the driving wheel (9) and the driven wheel (902) are connected through a rack belt (901), and a belt stabilizer (903) is fixedly mounted on the rack belt (901); the line concentration pulley block (4) is connected with a line concentration moving double wheel (401), the line concentration moving double wheel (401) is connected with a guide rail (10) in a sliding manner, and a lower wheel of the line concentration moving double wheel (401) is fixedly connected with a belt stabilizer (903); the driving wheel (9) is connected with the motor (8) through the speed reducer (801), and the motor (8) is electrically connected with the controller (6); the driven wheel (902) is fixedly arranged on the back of the top column (2); the counterweight pulley block (5) is connected with a front counterweight double wheel (501), the middle of the front counterweight double wheel (501) is connected with a guide rail (10) in a sliding way, and an upper wheel of the front counterweight double wheel (501) is fixedly connected with an inclined rail (502); the wire is wound in from the wire collecting pulley block (4), wound around the wire collecting pulley block (4) and the counterweight pulley block (5) in an 8 shape, and then goes out from the outermost pulley of the counterweight pulley block (5) to enter the take-up frame.
2. The construction experiment hub according to claim 1, wherein: the top pillar (2) is welded on the top ends of the three support pillars (3), and guide rails (10) are respectively arranged on two sides of the bottom end of the top pillar (2).
3. The construction experiment hub according to claim 1, wherein: the left stopper (402), the right stopper (403) and the end stopper (7) are electrically connected with the controller (6) respectively.
4. The construction experiment hub according to claim 1, wherein: the distance between the left limiting stopper (402) and the right limiting stopper (403) is 1 meter, and the left limiting stopper and the right limiting stopper are respectively responsible for limiting the left displacement limit and the right displacement limit of the line concentration pulley block (4); the end point limiter (7) is responsible for limiting the right displacement limit of the counterweight pulley block (5).
5. The construction experiment hub according to claim 1, wherein: the lower wheel of the front counterweight double wheel (501) is connected with the lower wheel of the back counterweight double wheel (505), the center position of the lower wheel of the back counterweight double wheel (505) is connected with a counterweight block (504) through a fixed pulley (506), and the fixed pulley (506) is fixedly arranged on the back of the support pillar (2); the upper wheel of the front counterweight double wheel (501) is fixedly connected with the inclined rail (502).
CN201810051899.8A 2018-01-19 2018-01-19 Concentrator for building experiments Active CN108557558B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810051899.8A CN108557558B (en) 2018-01-19 2018-01-19 Concentrator for building experiments

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN108557558A CN108557558A (en) 2018-09-21
CN108557558B true CN108557558B (en) 2020-02-07

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109592502A (en) * 2018-11-01 2019-04-09 上海市基础工程集团有限公司 Sea cable is deposited buried to set automatic tension control apparatus

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CN204454034U (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-07-08 河南省通信电缆有限公司 A kind of wire and cable product line and wire storage device thereof

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203112242U (en) * 2012-12-20 2013-08-07 苏州市职业大学 Constant-tension wire take-up system
CN204454034U (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-07-08 河南省通信电缆有限公司 A kind of wire and cable product line and wire storage device thereof

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