CN108555318B - Automatic feeding and double-sided processing full-automatic machine tool for disc products - Google Patents

Automatic feeding and double-sided processing full-automatic machine tool for disc products Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108555318B
CN108555318B CN201810573370.2A CN201810573370A CN108555318B CN 108555318 B CN108555318 B CN 108555318B CN 201810573370 A CN201810573370 A CN 201810573370A CN 108555318 B CN108555318 B CN 108555318B
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China
Prior art keywords
machine tool
cylinder
disc
fixed
clamping
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CN201810573370.2A
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CN108555318A (en
Inventor
高希勇
吴明华
金长军
李成
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Nanjing Caifu Auto Parts Co ltd
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Nanjing Caifu Auto Parts Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B13/00Arrangements for automatically conveying or chucking or guiding stock
    • B23B13/02Arrangements for automatically conveying or chucking or guiding stock for turning-machines with a single working-spindle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B5/00Turning-machines or devices specially adapted for particular work; Accessories specially adapted therefor

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Bending Of Plates, Rods, And Pipes (AREA)
  • Grinding Of Cylindrical And Plane Surfaces (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides an automatic feeding and double-sided processing full-automatic machine tool for disc products, which belongs to the technical field of disc part processing and comprises a machine tool body, wherein the machine tool body comprises a main shaft, a clamping fixing piece clamped at the end part of the main shaft, a tool rest arranged opposite to the clamping fixing piece, a rotary clamping device fixed at the top of the machine tool body, and a feeding device positioned at one side of the machine tool body.

Description

Automatic feeding and double-sided processing full-automatic machine tool for disc products
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of disc part machining, and particularly relates to a full-automatic machine tool for automatic feeding and double-sided machining of disc products.
Background
When the disc parts are precisely machined, double-sided turning is often needed, but a common machine tool cannot be well coordinated in the automatic feeding and double-sided machining processes of the machine tool, so that an external auxiliary tool or manual operation is often needed in the double-sided machining processes, and the machining cost is high and complex.
Therefore, a full-automatic machine tool for feeding and double-sided processing of disc products, which has the advantages of simple structure, higher coordination and automation degree of feeding and double-sided processing and lower cost, is urgently needed.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a full-automatic machine tool for automatic feeding and double-sided processing of disc products, which has a simple structure, and enables the coordination and the automation degree of feeding and double-sided processing to be higher and the cost to be lower.
The invention provides the following technical scheme:
the automatic feeding and double-sided processing full-automatic machine tool for disc products comprises a machine tool body, wherein the machine tool body comprises a main shaft, a clamping fixing part clamped at the end part of the main shaft, a tool rest arranged opposite to the clamping fixing part, a rotary clamping device fixed at the top of the machine tool body, and a feeding device positioned at one side of the machine tool body, the feeding device comprises a conveying pipe, a supporting material plate, a pressing plate, an iron block weight, a steel wire rope and two rollers, the supporting material plate is connected at one end of the conveying pipe, a baffle plate arranged opposite to the conveying pipe is arranged on the supporting material plate, the rollers are horizontally arranged above the conveying pipe in parallel, a strip-shaped through notch is formed in the top of the conveying pipe, a connecting rod penetrating through the through notch is arranged at the top of the pressing plate, the top of the connecting rod is connected with the steel wire rope, the steel wire rope bypasses the rollers and is connected with the iron block weight, the rotary clamping device comprises a cross plate, a first connecting block, a second connecting block, a third connecting block, a disc cam, a folded clamping rod, a rotating shaft and a clamp, wherein the cross plate is fixed on one side of the top of a machine tool body, the first connecting block, the second connecting block and the third connecting block are sequentially arranged from top to bottom, a sliding rail is arranged on the bottom side of the cross plate, a sliding groove matched with the sliding rail is arranged on the upper side surface of the first connecting block, a first cylinder is fixed on the lower side surface of the first connecting block, a piston rod of the first cylinder is fixedly connected with the upper side surface of the second connecting block, a first motor is fixed on the lower side surface of the second connecting block, a motor shaft of the first motor is connected with the third connecting block, a cavity is formed in the third connecting block, a second motor is fixed in the cavity, the motor shaft of the second motor is fixedly connected with the disc cam, the rotating shaft is fixed at the opening of the cavity, the folding point of the folded clamping rod is movably connected with the opening of the cavity through the rotating shaft, the two ends of the disc-shaped cam are provided with bulges, one end of the folded clamping rod, which is positioned in the cavity, is provided with a roller, the roller rolls relatively to the bulges, the clamp is arranged at the other end of the folded clamping rod, the transverse plate is also provided with a second cylinder, and the piston end of the second cylinder is fixedly connected with the side surface of the first connecting plate.
Preferably, the tool rest comprises a sliding table, two tool holders fixed on the sliding table and an ejection device arranged between the tool holders, wherein the ejection device comprises a vertical plate vertical to the sliding table, a central shaft vertically fixed on the vertical plate, a first sliding sleeve and a second sliding sleeve sleeved on the central shaft, a spring connected between the first sliding sleeve and the second sliding sleeve, and a third cylinder fixed on the vertical plate, the piston end of the third cylinder is fixedly connected with the first sliding sleeve, so that automatic double-sided processing can be realized in an auxiliary mode, and due to the fact that the spring is arranged between the first sliding sleeve and the second sliding sleeve, the phenomenon that clamping precision is not high due to thickness errors of disc parts can be eliminated, and the need of adjusting the telescopic distance of the third cylinder according to the thickness errors of the disc parts is avoided.
Preferably, the folding point of the folding clamping rod is movably connected with the opening of the cavity through a rotating shaft, and a torsion spring is arranged on the rotating shaft in a coiled manner, so that the roller can be prevented from being separated from the disc cam in an auxiliary manner.
Preferably, the clamp is two arc-shaped clamping rods which are oppositely arranged.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows: firstly, the feeding device tightens the steel wire rope under the gravity of the iron block weight, so that the steel wire rope has a certain tension to the pressing plate, the pressing plate compresses and pushes the disc part to one side, so that one disc part is always arranged on the supporting material plate, after the disc part on the supporting material plate leaves under the clamping action of the clamp, the disc part enters the supporting material plate under the pushing of the pressing plate, the rotary clamping device firstly moves down the clamp under the action of the first cylinder, when the clamp is positioned on two arc sides of the disc part, the second motor is started, the disc cam is rotated, the roller on the folded clamping rod is contacted with the protrusion, the clamping of the clamp is realized, the first cylinder is started, the disc part is lifted, the second cylinder is started, the rotary clamping device and one side above the clamping fixing piece are started, starting a first cylinder to enable the disc part to descend and further move the sliding table, enabling a central shaft on the tool rest to penetrate through a central hole of the disc part, starting a second motor to enable the clamp to be loosened, starting the first cylinder to enable the clamp to ascend and further move the sliding table, enabling the central shaft to be located at the center of the clamping fixing piece, starting a third cylinder to enable the disc part to move to the center of the clamping fixing piece under the pushing of a second sliding sleeve, clamping the disc part by the clamping fixing piece, rotating the main shaft, moving the sliding table to enable a tool apron on the sliding table to conduct turning on the disc part, after turning is completed, moving the sliding table to enable the central shaft to penetrate through the central hole of the disc part, loosening the clamping fixing piece, moving the sliding table to enable the central shaft to drive the disc part to move backwards, starting the first cylinder, enabling the clamp to move downwards, clamping the disc part to move backwards, the center shaft is separated from the center hole of the disc part, the first motor is started, the clamp drives the disc part to rotate 180 degrees, the sliding table is moved, the center shaft passes through the center hole of the disc part, clamping is carried out again, reverse machining is achieved, coordinated automation of feeding and double-sided machining is achieved, the structure of the refitted equipment is simple, and cost is low.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate the invention and together with the embodiments of the invention, serve to explain the invention. In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a front view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a top view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the feeding device;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a rotary clamping device;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the structure of the feed conveyor pipe and platen;
the labels in the figure: 10 is a machine tool body, 20 is a clamping fixing piece, 30 is a tool rest, 40 is a rotary clamping device, 50 is a feeding device, 51 is a conveying pipe, 52 is a supporting material plate, 53 is a pressing plate, 54 is an iron block weight, 55 is a steel wire rope, 56 is a roller, 57 is a baffle, 58 is a connecting rod, 401 is a transverse plate, 402 is a first connecting block, 403 is a second connecting block, 404 is a third connecting block, 405 is a disc cam, 406 is a folding clamping rod, 407 is a rotating shaft, 408 is a clamp, 409 is a sliding rail, 410 is a first cylinder, 411 is a first motor, 412 is a second motor, 413 is a bulge, 414 is a roller, 415 is a second cylinder, 31 is a sliding table, 32 is a tool apron, 33 is a vertical plate, 34 is a central shaft, 35 is a first sliding sleeve, 36 is a second sliding sleeve, 37 is a spring, and 38 is a third cylinder.
Detailed Description
In combination with the automatic feeding and double-sided processing full-automatic machine tool for disc products shown in fig. 1 to 5, in this embodiment, the full-automatic machine tool comprises a machine tool body 10, the machine tool body 10 comprises a main shaft, a clamping fixing piece 20 clamped at the end part of the main shaft, a tool rest 30 arranged opposite to the clamping fixing piece 20, a rotary clamping device 40 fixed at the top of the machine tool body 10, a feeding device 50 positioned at one side of the machine tool body 10, the feeding device 50 comprises a feeding pipe 51, a supporting material plate 52, a pressing plate 53, an iron weight 54, a steel wire rope 55 and two rollers 56, the supporting material plate 52 is connected at one end of the feeding pipe 51, a baffle 57 arranged opposite to the feeding pipe 51 is arranged on the supporting material plate 52, the rollers 56 are horizontally arranged on a bracket above the feeding pipe 51, an elongated through slot is arranged at the top of the feeding pipe 51, a connecting rod 58 penetrating through the slot is arranged at the top of the pressing plate 53, the top of the connecting rod 58 is connected with the steel wire rope 55, the steel wire rope 55 bypasses the idler wheel 56 and is connected with the iron block weight 54, the rotary clamping device 40 comprises a transverse plate 401, a first connecting block 402, a second connecting block 403, a third connecting block 404, a disc-shaped cam 405, a folding clamping rod 406, a rotating shaft 407 and a clamp 408, the transverse plate 401 is fixed on one side of the top of the machine tool body 10, the first connecting block 402, the second connecting block 403 and the third connecting block 404 are sequentially arranged from top to bottom, the bottom side of the transverse plate 401 is provided with a sliding rail 409, the upper side of the first connecting block 402 is provided with a sliding groove matched with the sliding rail 409, the lower side of the first connecting block 402 is fixedly connected with a first air cylinder 410, a piston rod of the first air cylinder 410 is fixedly connected with the upper side of the second connecting block 403, the lower side of the second connecting block 403 is fixedly connected with a first motor 411, a motor shaft of the first motor 411 is connected with the third connecting block 404, the third connecting block 404 is internally provided with a cavity, a second motor 412 is fixed in the cavity, a motor shaft of the second motor 412 is fixedly connected with the disc-shaped cam 405, the rotating shaft 407 is fixed at the opening of the cavity, the folding point of the folding clamping rod 406 is movably connected with the opening of the cavity through the rotating shaft 407, two ends of the disc-shaped cam 405 are provided with protrusions 413, one end of the folding clamping rod 406 in the cavity is provided with rollers 414, the rollers 414 roll relative to the protrusions 413, the clamp 408 is arranged at the other end of the folding clamping rod 406, the transverse plate 401 is also provided with a second cylinder 405, and the piston end of the second cylinder 415 is fixedly connected with the side face of the first connecting plate 402.
In combination with a full-automatic feeding and double-sided machining machine tool for disc products shown in fig. 1 to 5, in this embodiment, the tool rest 30 includes a sliding table 31, two tool holders 32 fixed on the sliding table 31, and an ejector device disposed between the tool holders 32, the ejector device includes a vertical plate 33 perpendicular to the sliding table, a central shaft 34 vertically fixed on the vertical plate 33, a first sliding sleeve 35 and a second sliding sleeve 36 sleeved on the central shaft 34, a spring 37 connected between the first sliding sleeve 35 and the second sliding sleeve 36, and a third cylinder 38 fixed on the vertical plate 33, where a piston end of the third cylinder 38 is fixedly connected with the first sliding sleeve 35, so that appearance of low clamping precision caused by thickness errors of disc parts can be eliminated, and frequent need of adjusting the telescopic distance of the third cylinder 38 according to thickness errors of disc parts is avoided.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows: firstly, the feeding device tightens the steel wire rope 55 under the gravity of the iron weight, so that the steel wire rope 55 has a certain tension to the pressing plate 53, the pressing plate 53 compresses and pushes the disc part to one side, so that one disc part is always arranged on the supporting material plate 52, when the disc part on the supporting material plate 52 leaves under the clamping action of the clamp 408, the latter disc part enters the supporting material plate 52 under the pushing of the pressing plate 53, the rotating clamping device 40 firstly moves down the clamp 408 under the action of the first cylinder 410, when the clamp 408 is positioned on two arc sides of the disc part, the second motor 412 is started, so that the disc cam 405 rotates, and then when the roller 414 on the folded clamping rod 406 contacts with the protrusion 403, the clamping of the clamp 408 is realized, the first cylinder 410 is started, the disc part is lifted, the second cylinder 415 is started, the first cylinder 410 is started to enable the disc part to descend, the sliding table 31 is moved, the central shaft 34 on the tool rest 30 penetrates through the central hole of the disc part, the second motor 412 is started to enable the clamp 408 to be loosened, the first cylinder 410 is started to enable the clamp 408 to ascend, the sliding table 31 is moved, the central shaft 34 is located at the center of the clamping fixing part 20, the third cylinder 38 is started to enable the disc part to be moved to the center of the clamping fixing part 20 under the pushing of the second sliding sleeve 36, the clamping fixing part 20 clamps the disc part, the main shaft is rotated, the sliding table 31 is moved, the tool apron on the sliding table 31 performs turning on the disc part, after turning is completed, the sliding table is moved, the central shaft penetrates through the central hole of the disc part, the clamping fixing part is loosened, the sliding table is moved, the central shaft drives the disc part to move backwards, the first cylinder is started, the clamp moves downwards, the disc part is clamped, the sliding table 31 moves backwards, the central shaft is separated from the central hole of the disc part, the first motor 411 is started, the clamp drives the disc part to rotate 180 degrees, the sliding table 31 is moved, the central shaft 34 passes through the central hole of the disc part, the clamping is carried out again, reverse side machining is achieved, coordinated and automatic feeding and double-side machining are achieved, the structure of the refitted equipment is simpler, and the cost is low.
The foregoing description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and the present invention is not limited thereto, but it is to be understood that modifications and equivalents of some of the technical features described in the foregoing embodiments may be made by those skilled in the art, although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments. Any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement, etc. made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. The machine tool body comprises a main shaft, a clamping fixing piece clamped at the end part of the main shaft and a tool rest which is arranged opposite to the clamping fixing piece, and is characterized by further comprising a rotary clamping device fixed at the top of the machine tool body and a feeding device positioned at one side of the machine tool body, wherein the feeding device comprises a conveying pipe, a supporting material plate, a pressing plate, an iron block weight, a steel wire rope and two rollers, the supporting material plate is connected with one end of the conveying pipe, the supporting material plate is provided with a baffle which is arranged opposite to the conveying pipe, the rollers are horizontally arranged above the conveying pipe in parallel, the top of the conveying pipe is provided with a long-strip-shaped through notch, the top of the pressing plate is provided with a connecting rod which penetrates through the through notch, the top of the connecting rod is connected with the steel wire rope, the rollers are connected with the iron block weight, the rotary clamping device comprises a transverse plate, a first connecting block, a second disc-shaped motor, a third connecting block, a third motor, a folding clamp and a rotary cylinder, a first connecting block and a second connecting block are arranged in the hollow cylinder are arranged in the hollow cavity, the hollow cavity is formed in the hollow cavity of the hollow cylinder, the hollow cylinder is fixed at the side of the hollow cylinder, the hollow cavity is fixed at the side of the hollow cylinder, and the hollow cavity is fixed at the side of the hollow cylinder is connected with the hollow cylinder, the motor shaft of the second motor is fixedly connected with the disc-shaped cam, the rotating shaft is fixed at the opening of the cavity, the folding point of the folding clamping rod is movably connected with the opening of the cavity through the rotating shaft, protrusions are arranged at two ends of the disc-shaped cam, the folding clamping rod is arranged at one end in the cavity and provided with rollers, the rollers roll relatively with the protrusions, the clamp is arranged at the other end of the folding clamping rod, a second cylinder is further arranged on the transverse plate, the piston end of the second cylinder is fixedly connected with the side face of the first connecting plate, the tool rest comprises a sliding table, two tool holders fixed on the sliding table and an ejection device arranged between the tool holders, the ejection device comprises a vertical plate perpendicular to the sliding table, a central shaft perpendicularly fixed on the vertical plate, a first sliding sleeve and a second sliding sleeve sleeved on the central shaft, a spring connected between the first sliding sleeve and the second sliding sleeve, and a third cylinder fixed on the vertical plate, and the piston end of the third cylinder is fixedly connected with the first sliding sleeve.
2. The full-automatic feeding and double-sided processing machine tool for disc products according to claim 1, wherein the folding point of the folding clamping rod is movably connected with the opening of the cavity through the rotating shaft, and a torsion spring is arranged on the rotating shaft.
3. The automatic feeding and double-sided machining machine tool for disc products according to claim 1, wherein the clamp is two clamping rods which are arranged in a circular arc shape and opposite to each other.
CN201810573370.2A 2018-06-06 2018-06-06 Automatic feeding and double-sided processing full-automatic machine tool for disc products Active CN108555318B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810573370.2A CN108555318B (en) 2018-06-06 2018-06-06 Automatic feeding and double-sided processing full-automatic machine tool for disc products

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810573370.2A CN108555318B (en) 2018-06-06 2018-06-06 Automatic feeding and double-sided processing full-automatic machine tool for disc products

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CN108555318B true CN108555318B (en) 2024-01-30

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108058524B (en) * 2017-11-27 2019-08-27 蔡镇海 A kind of ideological and political education device that carves a seal

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103737037A (en) * 2014-01-24 2014-04-23 台州双正机床有限公司 Feeding device of automatic machine tool
CN105772844A (en) * 2014-12-19 2016-07-20 湖北汽车工业学院 Vertical hole push broaching machine for steering knuckle bushes
WO2017075898A1 (en) * 2015-11-02 2017-05-11 苏州蓝王机床工具科技有限公司 Forward-rotating fully automated multi-headed lathe
CN208513653U (en) * 2018-06-06 2019-02-19 南京采孚汽车零部件有限公司 One discharge plate class product self-feeding and two-sided processing fully automatic machine

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103737037A (en) * 2014-01-24 2014-04-23 台州双正机床有限公司 Feeding device of automatic machine tool
CN105772844A (en) * 2014-12-19 2016-07-20 湖北汽车工业学院 Vertical hole push broaching machine for steering knuckle bushes
WO2017075898A1 (en) * 2015-11-02 2017-05-11 苏州蓝王机床工具科技有限公司 Forward-rotating fully automated multi-headed lathe
CN208513653U (en) * 2018-06-06 2019-02-19 南京采孚汽车零部件有限公司 One discharge plate class product self-feeding and two-sided processing fully automatic machine

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