CN108538520A - A kind of useless power cable recycling process equipment - Google Patents

A kind of useless power cable recycling process equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108538520A
CN108538520A CN201810433469.2A CN201810433469A CN108538520A CN 108538520 A CN108538520 A CN 108538520A CN 201810433469 A CN201810433469 A CN 201810433469A CN 108538520 A CN108538520 A CN 108538520A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shaft
power cable
bed surface
useless power
crush box
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Granted
Application number
CN201810433469.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108538520B (en
Inventor
王文雅
范炳伟
王静
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Tianjin Jinhang Computing Technology Research Institute
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Tianjin Mighty Technology Co Ltd
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B15/00Apparatus or processes for salvaging material from cables
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B15/00Apparatus or processes for salvaging material from cables
    • H01B15/005Apparatus or processes for salvaging material from cables by cutting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/82Recycling of waste of electrical or electronic equipment [WEEE]

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of useless power cable recycling process equipments, including:Conveyer belt, cutter device, grinding device and separator;Cutter device includes cutter, and cutter can be cut by the useless power cable to pump to realize on conveyer belt;The exit side of conveyer belt is equipped with conveying device, and conveying device is used to the useless power cable after cutting being delivered in grinding device;Grinding device includes vibrating screen, upper disintegrating mechanism and lower disintegrating mechanism, and vibrating screen can pump between upper disintegrating mechanism and lower disintegrating mechanism;Separator is located at below the discharge port of grinding device, and separator is for detaching the copper grain of rice and rubber granule that are fallen by grinding device discharge port.The present invention has continuity strong, and process cycle is short, is conveniently operated, the effect of high degree of automation.

Description

A kind of useless power cable recycling process equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to cable recycling field more particularly to a kind of useless power cable recycling process equipments.
Background technology
With the rapid development of China's economic society, a large amount of waste and old cable suffers exit, and cable is mainly by copper core and outer Skin is constituted, since the annual usage amount of cable is very big and containing a large amount of recyclable resource, recycles waste and old cable meaning weight Greatly.
Domestic scrap wire cable recycles industry and have developed rapidly in recent years, but is mostly using manual wire stripping or burning Mode recycle the copper core in cable waste.By the way of manual wire stripping, labor intensity is higher, to ensure organic efficiency, adds Work scene needs several staff's coordinateds, causes cost of labor higher.Although can be improved by the way of burning Organic efficiency, but copper core surface still may adhere to some impurity, reduce the purity of copper core, the flue gas generated in the process Air can be also seriously polluted, environment protecting is bad.
The patent of invention of Patent No. 201510970044.1 discloses a kind of dress producing the copper grain of rice using waste and old cable Set, which winds by wind-up roll the crust of cable using softening cable sheath, then by way of two pairs of rollers come pair Copper core is cut, and the copper grain of rice is obtained, to reach recycling purpose.Although the device can be used in the recycling of waste and old cable, The recycling of main or cable suitable for large volume, big current-carrying capacity.Due to the waste and old outside diameter of cable on the market be not it is very big, Cause the scope of application of the device very narrow, it is difficult to effectively be promoted.
Invention content
The present invention is exactly in view of the deficienciess of the prior art, provide a kind of useless power cable recycling process equipment.
To solve the above problems, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of useless power cable recycling process equipment, which is characterized in that including:Conveyer belt, cutter device, grinding device And separator;The cutter device includes cutter, and the cutter can be realized by pumping on conveyer belt Useless power cable cut;The exit side of the conveyer belt is equipped with conveying device, and the conveying device will be for after cutting Useless power cable be delivered in grinding device;The grinding device includes vibrating screen, upper disintegrating mechanism and lower disintegrating mechanism, institute Vibrating screen is stated between the upper disintegrating mechanism and lower disintegrating mechanism, and can be pumped;The separator Below the discharge port of the grinding device, the separator be used for the copper grain of rice that is fallen by grinding device discharge port and Rubber granule is detached;
The cutter device further includes guide rod, loading plate and transmission mechanism, and transmission mechanism includes first rotating shaft, covers respectively Two first gears, two transmission arms being connect respectively with two first gear bias mounted in first rotating shaft both ends, described One shaft is horizontally disposed, the first rotating shaft by the output axis connection of one of first gear and transmission gear and motor, Two transmission arms are located at the both sides of the loading plate, and the transmission arm is located at the outside of the first gear, the transmission Arm is movably connected in away from one end of first gear on loading plate, and the loading plate is sleeved on the guide rod, and can be along institute The axial direction for stating guide rod pumps, and the cutter are connected to the lower end of the loading plate;
The grinding device includes going back crush box and slide assemblies, and the slide assemblies include linking arm, otic placode and two Sliding block, the crush box both sides are respectively equipped with the sliding slot of two strips, the length direction of the sliding slot and the crush box Axial consistent, institute's sliding block is slidably connected in the sliding slot, and the both ends of the vibrating screen are fixedly connected with two sliding blocks respectively, On described linking arm one end is connected on the outside of one of sliding block, the sliding block another piece of sliding block relatively is described close to cutter device The other end of linking arm is connected on loading plate;The otic placode is fixedly connected on crush box far from cutter device side, the ear It is connected by spring between plate and another piece of sliding block;First through hole is offered at the top of the crush box, is opened on the vibrating screen Equipped with the second through-hole;
The grinding device further includes the second shaft and third shaft, and second shaft is horizontally disposed, described second turn One end of axis is set with second gear, and the second gear is meshed with first gear, the other end suit of second shaft There is first bevel gear;The axial direction of the third shaft is axial consistent with the crush box, and the bottom of the third shaft is successively Across the first through hole and the second through-hole, second bevel gear, the second bevel gear are set at the top of the third shaft It is meshed with the first bevel gear;The upper disintegrating mechanism and lower disintegrating mechanism are sleeved on third shaft periphery;
The separator includes shaking table, and the shaking table includes bedstead and bed surface, and the bed surface is slidably connected at the bed On frame, the both lateral sides of the bed surface are respectively equipped with tension spring and steel wire rope, and described tension spring one end is fixed, and the other end is connected to described On bed surface, described steel wire rope one end is connected on the bed surface, and the other end is changed after by pulley by original horizontality At vertical state, and it is connected on the linking arm.
Preferably, the upper disintegrating mechanism includes upper shredder assemblies, and the lower disintegrating mechanism includes lower shredder assemblies, described Upper shredder assemblies include multiple upper Disintegrating knifes being distributed in from top to bottom in the third shaft, and the lower shredder assemblies include Multiple lower Disintegrating knifes being distributed in from top to bottom in the third shaft, quantity, length and the density of the upper Disintegrating knife It is all higher than lower Disintegrating knife;Crushing filter screen is additionally provided in the crush box, the crushing filter screen is located under the vibrating screen Side, for the upper Disintegrating knife in the space between vibrating screen and crush box roof, the lower Disintegrating knife is located at described shake In space between dynamic sieve and crushing filter screen;The mesh aperture of the vibrating screen is more than the mesh hole for crushing filter screen Diameter.
Preferably, the conveying device includes hopper and conveyer, and the hopper is located at the discharge end of the conveyer belt, institute It states and is equipped with dust-filtering net in hopper, the mesh bore dia of the dust-filtering net is less than the diameter of useless power cable, described defeated The top for sending the feed inlet of machine to be located at the dust-filtering net, the discharge port of the conveyer and the feed inlet of the crush box connect Logical, the feed inlet of the crush box is located at the top of the vibrating screen.
Preferably, sink is connected on the inside of the bed surface, the bottom of gullet is transversely equipped with multiple apopores, described The transverse direction of sink is laterally uniform with the bed surface, the head of a bed part of the bed surface be located at the crush box discharge port just under The tailstock side-lower of side, the bed surface is equipped with copper grain of rice collecting box, and the outer side-lower of the bed surface is equipped with rubber granule collecting box.
Preferably, the separator further includes water tank, the water tank and the copper grain of rice collecting box and rubber granule Collecting box is homogeneously intercommunicated, and the junction of the water tank and copper grain of rice collecting box is equipped with the first filter screen, the water tank and The junction of rubber granule collecting box is equipped with the second filter screen;It is also connected with third filter screen vertically in the copper grain of rice collecting box, The copper grain of rice collecting box is divided into the refined copper grain of rice collecting chamber being distributed from outside to inside and blister copper rice to receive by the third filter screen Collect room.
Preferably, the periphery of the third shaft is further sleeved with liquid separation disk, and the liquid separation disk is located at the upper disintegrating mechanism Between the roof of crush box, the fluid hole to radially distribute is offered on the bottom wall of the liquid separation disk;The water tank It is communicated with outlet tube at liquid outlet, elevator pump is connected on the outlet tube, the outlet tube is distinguished by two bypass lines It is connected to the inner cavity of the sink and liquid separation disk, electrically operated valve is connected in the bypass line.
Preferably, the vibrating screen both sides have extended to form striker plate vertically upwards, and the striker plate is used for useless electricity Power cable is limited in the crush box, and the vibrating screen both sides, which further extend outward, is formed with wing plate, is offered on the wing plate First screw hole offers the second screw hole on the sliding block, between the wing plate and sliding block by with the first screw hole and the second screw hole The bolt of cooperation is connected.
Preferably, the front and rear sides of the head of a bed part of the bed surface are respectively connected with drawstring, and the tail portion of two drawstrings is with respect to institute The center line for stating bed surface is distributed in mirror symmetry, and the head of two drawstrings is connected with draw ring, and the steel wire rope passes through draw ring and drawstring It is connect with the bed surface.
Compared with prior art, implementation result of the invention is as follows by the present invention:
(1) present invention is cut into the waste and old cable of strip by cutter device before being crushed to waste and old cable A section, it on the one hand can mitigate the work load of grinding device, improve crush efficiency, on the other hand can also prevent waste and old Cable is wrapped in the third shaft of grinding device, enables grinding device long-time steady operation;(2) dress is crushed in the present invention Waste and old cable can be carried out precomminution by setting, and lower grinding device can carry out separating twice to waste and old cable, as a result of segmented Grinding mode so that crush efficiency has obtained great promotion, and crushing effect is also ensured, to help to improve copper and The separating effect of rubber crust;(3) in crushing process, vibrating screen can be continued for pumping, and pass through vibration The movement of sieve can enable the particle for reaching predetermined particle diameter fall in time, help to reduce grinding time;(4) it is filled by detaching Being sufficiently separated because of the copper grain of rice obtained from pulverization process and rubber granule can be realized by setting, and help to improve the copper grain of rice and rubber granule Purity, and then improve the economic value that waste and old cable recycles;(5) cutter device of the invention, grinding device and point From device by the same power source, i.e., is acted accordingly by the driving of part group by a motor, play equipment Lightweight, the compact for improving equipment entirety, the effect be conveniently operated, reduce energy consumption, reducing equipment complexity;(6) Motor in the present invention is not connected on crush box, and motor is connect by part group with the third shaft in crush box, is prolonged The conducting path of temperature is grown, motor temperature rise is relatively slow in the course of work, can work long hours;(7) of the invention by waste and old cable Cutting, crushing and the separation of the copper grain of rice and rubber granule effectively link together so that the process energy of waste and old cable It is enough continuously to carry out, the process-cycle to waste and old cable is shortened, the degree of automation of equipment is improved.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of the separator in the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of cutter device in the present invention, grinding device and separator drive connection.
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of part where water tank in the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of part where vibrating screen in the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of cutter device in the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of part where bed surface in the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of part where vibrating screen in the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of part where upper disintegrating mechanism, lower disintegrating mechanism in the present invention.
Figure 10 is the stereoscopic schematic diagram of part where bed surface in the present invention.
Specific implementation mode
Illustrate present disclosure below in conjunction with specific embodiments.
Embodiment 1
Referring to Fig.1, the present invention proposes a kind of useless power cable recycling process equipment, including:Conveyer belt 1, cutting dress It sets, grinding device and separator;The cutter device includes cutter 7, the cutter 7 can by pump come Realize that the useless power cable on conveyer belt 1 is cut;The exit side of the conveyer belt 1 is equipped with conveying device, the conveying dress It sets for the useless power cable after cutting to be delivered in grinding device;The grinding device includes vibrating screen 16, upper pulverizer Structure and lower disintegrating mechanism, the vibrating screen 16 can carry out past up and down between the upper disintegrating mechanism and lower disintegrating mechanism Multiple movement;The separator is located at below the discharge port of the grinding device, and the separator is used for by grinding device The copper grain of rice and rubber granule that discharge port is fallen are detached.
Referring to Fig.1,3,6, the cutter device further includes that guide rod 5, loading plate 6 and transmission mechanism, transmission mechanism include First rotating shaft 2, two first gears 3 for being set in 2 both ends of first rotating shaft, respectively with two first gears 3 are eccentric connect Two transmission arms 4, the first rotating shaft 2 is horizontally disposed, and the first rotating shaft 2 passes through one of first gear 3 and transmission The output axis connection of gear 23 and motor 22, two transmission arms 4 are located at the both sides of the loading plate 6, the transmission arm 4 In the outside of the first gear 3, the transmission arm 4 is movably connected in away from one end of first gear 3 on loading plate 6, described Loading plate 6 is sleeved on the guide rod 5, and can be pumped along the axial direction of the guide rod 5, the cutter 7 are connected to the lower end of the loading plate 6.
Referring to Fig.1,3,8, the grinding device includes going back crush box 0 and slide assemblies, and the slide assemblies include connection Arm 14, otic placode 21 and two sliding blocks 15,0 both sides of the crush box are respectively equipped with the sliding slot of two strips, the length of the sliding slot It is axial consistent with the crush box to spend direction, institute's sliding block 15 is slidably connected in the sliding slot, the both ends of the vibrating screen 16 It is fixedly connected respectively with two sliding blocks 15,14 one end of the linking arm is connected on 15 outside of one of sliding block, the sliding block Close to cutter device, the other end of the linking arm 14 is connected on loading plate 6 15 another piece of sliding blocks 15 relatively;The otic placode 21 Crush box 0 is fixedly connected on far from cutter device side, is connected by spring 20 between the otic placode 21 and another piece of sliding block 15; First through hole is offered at the top of the crush box, and the second through-hole 161 is offered on the vibrating screen 16.
The grinding device further includes the second shaft 9 and third shaft 12, and second shaft 9 is horizontally disposed, and described the One end of two shafts 9 is set with second gear 8, and the second gear 8 is meshed with first gear 3, second shaft 9 it is another One end is set with first bevel gear 10;The axial direction of the third shaft 12 is axial consistent with the crush box 0, and the third turns The bottom of axis 12 sequentially passes through the first through hole and the second through-hole 161, and the top of the third shaft 12 is set with the second cone Gear 11, the second bevel gear 11 are meshed with the first bevel gear 10;The upper disintegrating mechanism and lower disintegrating mechanism are equal It is sleeved on 12 periphery of third shaft.
With reference to Fig. 2,7, the separator includes shaking table, and the shaking table includes bedstead 24 and bed surface 25, the bed surface 25 It is slidably connected on the bedstead 24, the both lateral sides of the bed surface 25 are respectively equipped with tension spring 28 and steel wire rope 23, the tension spring 28 one end are fixed, and the other end is connected on the bed surface 25, and 23 one end of the steel wire rope is connected on the bed surface 25, the other end Vertical state is transformed by original horizontality after by pulley 22, and is connected on the linking arm 14.
The operation principle of the present embodiment is as follows:
Waste and old cable is placed on conveyer belt 1, motor 22 is started, motor 22 passes through first gear 3,2 and of first rotating shaft Transmission arm 4 drives loading plate 6 to move up and down along the axial direction of guide rod 5, to drive cutter 7 to move up and down, cutting Knife 7 acts on the waste and old cable on conveyer belt 1 during the motion, and the waste and old cable of strip is made to be cut into one section one section 's.Waste and old cable after cutting is transported to by conveying device in grinding device after being detached from conveyer belt 1.
Motor 22 drives second gear 8 to rotate by transmission gear 23, first gear 3, first rotating shaft 2,8 turns of second gear Third shaft 12 is imparted power to by the second shaft 9, first bevel gear 10, second bevel gear 11 when dynamic, makes pulverizer Structure and lower disintegrating mechanism can be to rotating relative to third shaft 12.At the same time, due to passing through between sliding block 15 and loading plate 6 Linking arm 14 connects, and when loading plate 6 moves up and down, the vibrating screen 16 being connected on sliding block 15 moves up and down therewith.It is logical Precomminution, after waste and old cable is crushed to predetermined particle diameter, object can be carried out to the waste and old cable after cutting by crossing disintegrating mechanism Material can fall into the bottom of crush box 0 by the mesh of vibrating screen 16, and carry out separating twice, shape to material by lower disintegrating mechanism At the copper grain of rice and rubber granule.
Pumping for loading plate 6 is converted into the horizontal reciprocating fortune of bed surface 25 by tension spring 28 and steel wire rope 23 It is dynamic.After the copper grain of rice and rubber granule are fallen by the discharge port of crush box, the copper grain of rice and rubber granule are realized on the bed surface 25 of shaking table Separation, and be collected separately.
The bed surface 25 of shaking table is the prior art in the present invention, and the principle of work is rubber granule and the copper grain of rice on bed surface 25 It is successively detached by shunt bar of the side knock on bed surface 25 of flow, the material close to 25 inside of bed surface is rushed by flow To hit larger, the material on upper layer or the rubber granule of lightweight can be flushed to outside, then energy quick separating goes out the copper grain of rice in material, And within a certain period of time the copper grain of rice in material is gradually disengaged out by the shunt bar successively far from 25 inside of bed surface.
The present embodiment has the following advantages that:
The waste and old cable of strip is cut into one section by the present invention before being crushed to waste and old cable, by cutter device Section, it on the one hand can mitigate the work load of grinding device, improve crush efficiency, on the other hand can also prevent waste and old cable It is wrapped in the third shaft 12 of grinding device, enables grinding device long-time steady operation;Grinding device energy in the present invention Precomminution is carried out to waste and old cable, lower grinding device can carry out separating twice to waste and old cable, as a result of the powder of segmented Broken mode so that crush efficiency has obtained great promotion, and crushing effect is also ensured, to help to improve copper and rubber The separating effect of crust;In crushing process, vibrating screen 16 can be continued for pumping, and pass through vibrating screen 16 Movement can enable the particle for reaching predetermined particle diameter fall in time, help to reduce grinding time;It can by separator It realizes being sufficiently separated because of the copper grain of rice obtained from pulverization process and rubber granule, helps to improve the pure of the copper grain of rice and rubber granule Degree, and then improve the economic value that waste and old cable recycles;The present invention cutter device, grinding device and separator it is equal By the same power source, i.e., by a motor 22 by part group driving acted accordingly, play equipment lightweight, The compact for improving equipment entirety, the effect be conveniently operated, reduce energy consumption, reducing equipment complexity;In the present invention Motor 22 is not connected on crush box 0, and motor 22 is connect by part group with the third shaft 12 in crush box, is extended The conducting path of temperature, motor temperature rise is relatively slow in the course of work, can work long hours;The present invention by the cutting of waste and old cable, It crushes and the separation of the copper grain of rice and rubber granule effectively links together so that the process of waste and old cable can continuously not It carries out disconnectedly, shortens the process-cycle to waste and old cable, improve the degree of automation of equipment.
Embodiment 2
With reference to Fig. 3,9, difference lies in the upper disintegrating mechanism includes upper crushing group for the present embodiment and above-described embodiment Part, the lower disintegrating mechanism include lower shredder assemblies, and the upper shredder assemblies include multiple being distributed in the third from top to bottom Upper Disintegrating knife 17 in shaft 12, the lower shredder assemblies include multiple be distributed in from top to bottom in the third shaft 12 Lower Disintegrating knife 18, quantity, length and the density of the upper Disintegrating knife 17 are all higher than lower Disintegrating knife 18;In the crush box It is additionally provided with and crushes filter screen 19, the crushing filter screen 19 is located at 16 lower section of the vibrating screen, and the upper Disintegrating knife 17 is located at In space between 0 roof of vibrating screen 16 and crush box, the lower Disintegrating knife 18, which is located at the vibrating screen 16 and crushes, to be filtered In space between net 19;The mesh aperture of the vibrating screen 16 is more than the mesh aperture for crushing filter screen 19.
While cutter 7 pump, upper Disintegrating knife 17 and lower Disintegrating knife 18 is continual surrounds It third shaft 12 to be rotated, to carry out segmented crushing to waste and old cable.Due to the quantity of upper Disintegrating knife 17, length and Density is all higher than lower Disintegrating knife 18, this design and shape, the size of material are adapted, and can be reduced the abrasion of blade, be extended The service life of upper disintegrating mechanism and lower disintegrating mechanism.
Embodiment 3
Referring to Fig.1, difference lies in the conveying device includes hopper 27 and conveyer for the present embodiment and above-described embodiment 26, hopper 27 is located at the discharge end of the conveyer belt 1, and dust-filtering net, the mesh of dust-filtering net are equipped in the hopper 27 Bore dia is less than the diameter of useless power cable, and the feed inlet of the conveyer 26 is located at the top of the dust-filtering net, conveys The discharge port of machine 26 is connected to the feed inlet of the crush box 0, and the feed inlet of crush box 0 is located at the top of vibrating screen 16.
It can be directly entered in hopper 27 after waste and old cable is detached from conveyer belt 1, dust after dust-filtering net by expecting The bottom deposit of bucket 27.Due to having carried out preliminary dust removal process to cable before waste and old cable enters crush box, can prevent Because the effect of upper disintegrating mechanism and lower disintegrating mechanism leads to dust disperse in crush box, contribute to environmental protection, and improve at crushing The purity of the copper grain of rice and rubber granule after reason.
Embodiment 4
With reference to Fig. 2, the present embodiment and above-described embodiment difference lies in, the inside of the bed surface 25 is connected with sink 29, 29 bottom of the sink is transversely equipped with multiple apopores, and the transverse direction of the sink 29 is laterally uniform with the bed surface 25, institute The head of a bed part for stating bed surface 25 is located at the underface of the crush box discharge port, and the tailstock side-lower of the bed surface 25 is equipped with copper rice The outer side-lower of grain collecting box 33, the bed surface 25 is equipped with rubber granule collecting box 31.
After completing to the separating treatment of the copper grain of rice and rubber granule, the copper grain of rice can fall into copper grain of rice collecting box 33, rubber granule Rubber granule collecting box 31, storage and carrying enhanced convenience can be fallen into.
Embodiment 5
With reference to Fig. 2, difference lies in the separator further includes water tank 32, institute for the present embodiment and above-described embodiment State water tank 32 and the copper grain of rice collecting box 33 and rubber granule collecting box 31 homogeneous intercommunicated, the water tank 32 and the copper grain of rice The junction of collecting box 33 is equipped with the first filter screen 35, and the junction of the water tank 32 and rubber granule collecting box 31 is equipped with second Filter screen 36;Third filter screen 34 is also connected in the copper grain of rice collecting box 33 vertically, the third filter screen 34 will be described Copper grain of rice collecting box 33 is divided into the refined copper grain of rice collecting chamber being distributed from outside to inside and blister copper rice collecting chamber.
Entering the water in rubber granule collecting box 31 with rubber granule can penetrate in the second filter screen 36 inflow water tank 32, and rubber Micelle is then isolated in rubber granule collecting box 31;The first filtering can be penetrated by entering the water in copper grain of rice collecting box 33 with the copper grain of rice Net 35 and the second filter screen 36 flow into water tank 32, and the copper grain of rice is then isolated in refined copper rice collecting chamber and blister copper rice collecting chamber It is interior.The recycling that the water flowed out by sink 29 can be realized by above-mentioned design helps to save water resource.Further, since third Copper rice collecting box can be divided into refined copper rice collecting chamber and blister copper rice collecting chamber by filter screen 34, the copper grain of rice in refined copper rice collecting chamber Purity is very high, and a certain amount of rubber granule may be adulterated in blister copper rice collecting chamber, and indoor material is collected to blister copper rice by timing Carry out separating treatment again, can greatly after recycling of packaging the copper grain of rice purity.
Embodiment 6
Referring to Fig.1,4,9, difference lies in the periphery of the third shaft 12 is also set with for the present embodiment and above-described embodiment There is liquid separation disk 13, the liquid separation disk 13 is between the upper disintegrating mechanism and the roof of crush box, the bottom of the liquid separation disk 13 The fluid hole to radially distribute is offered on wall;Outlet tube, the outlet tube are communicated at the liquid outlet of the water tank 32 On be connected with elevator pump 37, the outlet tube is connected with the inner cavity of the sink 29 and liquid separation disk 13 respectively by two bypass lines It is logical, it is connected with electrically operated valve in the bypass line.
The water recycled in water tank 32 can be pumped into sink 29 and liquid separation disk 13 by elevator pump 37, be returned to water with realizing It receives and utilizes, help to save water resource.Since liquid separation disk 13 is sleeved in third shaft 12, rotated in third shaft 12 Meanwhile the water in liquid separation disk 13 is acted on by centrifugal force and forms water curtain in crush box, is further preventing in crush box dust more While dissipating, additionally it is possible to play the effect for reducing and crushing the temperature inside the box, prevent the bearing of third shaft 12 and crush box junction It fails because temperature is excessively high;It can also reduce the temperature of blade, slow down the abrasion aggravation of blade, and extend blade uses the longevity Life.
Embodiment 7
With reference to Fig. 5, difference lies in 16 both sides of the vibrating screen are vertical upwards to be extended for the present embodiment and above-described embodiment It is formed with striker plate 163, the striker plate 163 is for useless power cable to be limited in the crush box, the vibrating screen 16 Both sides, which further extend outward, is formed with wing plate 162, and the first screw hole is offered on the wing plate 162, and is offered on the sliding block 15 Two screw holes, by being connected with the bolt of the first screw hole and the cooperation of the second screw hole between the wing plate and sliding block 15.
Material can be limited on vibrating screen 16 by 163 plate of backgauge, prevents from causing material movement to sliding block because of shaking Between 15 and crush box 0, the generation for the phenomenon that causing 15 retard motion of sliding block, and material recovery rate is caused to reduce.
Embodiment 8
Referring to Fig.1 0, difference lies in front and back the two of the head of a bed part of the bed surface 25 for the present embodiment and above-described embodiment Side is respectively connected with drawstring, and the center line of the tail portions of the two drawstrings bed surface 25 relatively is distributed in mirror symmetry, the head of two drawstrings Portion is connected with draw ring 30, and the steel wire rope 23 is connect by draw ring 30 and drawstring with the bed surface 25.This design enables drawstring Pulling force equably is applied to bed surface 25, to improve the stability of the movement of bed surface 25.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all essences in the present invention All any modification, equivalent and improvement etc., should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention made by within refreshing and principle.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of useless power cable recycling process equipment, which is characterized in that including:Conveyer belt, cutter device, grinding device and Separator;The cutter device includes cutter, and the cutter can be realized by pumping on conveyer belt Useless power cable is cut;The exit side of the conveyer belt is equipped with conveying device, and the conveying device will be for after cutting Useless power cable is delivered in grinding device;The grinding device includes vibrating screen, upper disintegrating mechanism and lower disintegrating mechanism, described Vibrating screen can pump between the upper disintegrating mechanism and lower disintegrating mechanism;The separator position Below the discharge port of the grinding device, the separator is used for the copper grain of rice fallen by grinding device discharge port and rubber Micelle is detached;
The cutter device further includes guide rod, loading plate and transmission mechanism, and transmission mechanism includes first rotating shaft, is set in Two first gears at first rotating shaft both ends, two transmission arms being connect respectively with two first gear bias, described first turn Axis is horizontally disposed, and the first rotating shaft is by the output axis connection of one of first gear and transmission gear and motor, two Transmission arm is located at the both sides of the loading plate, and the transmission arm is located at the outside of the first gear, the transmission arm back of the body One end from first gear is movably connected on loading plate, and the loading plate is sleeved on the guide rod, and can be led along described It pumps to the axial direction of bar, the cutter are connected to the lower end of the loading plate;
The grinding device includes going back crush box and slide assemblies, and the slide assemblies include linking arm, otic placode and two sliding blocks, The crush box both sides are respectively equipped with the sliding slot of two strips, the length direction of the sliding slot and axial the one of the crush box It causes, institute's sliding block is slidably connected in the sliding slot, and the both ends of the vibrating screen are fixedly connected with two sliding blocks respectively, the company It connects arm one end to be connected on the outside of one of sliding block, the sliding block another piece of sliding block relatively is close to cutter device, the linking arm The other end be connected on loading plate;The otic placode is fixedly connected on crush box far from cutter device side, the otic placode with it is another It is connected by spring between one piece of sliding block;First through hole is offered at the top of the crush box, and is offered on the vibrating screen Two through-holes;
The grinding device further includes the second shaft and third shaft, and second shaft is horizontally disposed, second shaft One end is set with second gear, and the second gear is meshed with first gear, and the other end of second shaft is set with One bevel gear;The axial direction of the third shaft is axial consistent with the crush box, and the bottom of the third shaft sequentially passes through The first through hole and the second through-hole are set with second bevel gear, the second bevel gear and institute at the top of the third shaft First bevel gear is stated to be meshed;The upper disintegrating mechanism and lower disintegrating mechanism are sleeved on third shaft periphery;
The separator includes shaking table, and the shaking table includes bedstead and bed surface, and the bed surface is slidably connected on the bedstead, The both lateral sides of the bed surface are respectively equipped with tension spring and steel wire rope, and described tension spring one end is fixed, and the other end is connected to the bed surface On, described steel wire rope one end is connected on the bed surface, and the other end is transformed into after by pulley by original horizontality perpendicular Straight state, and be connected on the linking arm.
2. useless power cable recycling process equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the upper disintegrating mechanism packet Shredder assemblies are included, the lower disintegrating mechanism includes lower shredder assemblies, and the upper shredder assemblies include multiple being distributed from top to bottom Upper Disintegrating knife in the third shaft, the lower shredder assemblies include multiple being distributed in the third shaft from top to bottom On lower Disintegrating knife, quantity, length and the density of the upper Disintegrating knife are all higher than lower Disintegrating knife;In the crush box also Equipped with filter screen is crushed, the crushing filter screen is located at below the vibrating screen, and the upper Disintegrating knife is located at vibrating screen and powder In space between broken case roof, the lower Disintegrating knife is located at the vibrating screen and crushes in the space between filter screen;Institute The mesh aperture for stating vibrating screen is more than the mesh aperture for crushing filter screen.
3. useless power cable recycling process equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the conveying device includes Hopper and conveyer, the hopper are located at the discharge end of the conveyer belt, dust-filtering net, the dust are equipped in the hopper The mesh bore dia of filter screen is less than the diameter of useless power cable, and the feed inlet of the conveyer is located at the dust-filtering net Top, the discharge port of the conveyer are connected to the feed inlet of the crush box, and the feed inlet of the crush box is located at described shake The top of dynamic sieve.
4. useless power cable recycling process equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that connect on the inside of the bed surface It is connected to sink, the bottom of gullet is transversely equipped with multiple apopores, and the transverse direction of the sink is laterally uniform with the bed surface, The head of a bed part of the bed surface is located at the underface of the crush box discharge port, and the tailstock side-lower of the bed surface is equipped with the copper grain of rice The outer side-lower of collecting box, the bed surface is equipped with rubber granule collecting box.
5. useless power cable recycling process equipment according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the separator also wraps Water tank is included, the water tank and the copper grain of rice collecting box and rubber granule collecting box are homogeneously intercommunicated, the water tank and copper The junction of grain of rice collecting box is equipped with the first filter screen, and the junction of the water tank and rubber granule collecting box is equipped with the second filtering Net;Also it is connected with third filter screen in the copper grain of rice collecting box vertically, the third filter screen is by the copper grain of rice collecting box It is divided into the refined copper grain of rice collecting chamber being distributed from outside to inside and blister copper rice collecting chamber.
6. useless power cable recycling process equipment according to claim 5, which is characterized in that outside the third shaft Be further sleeved with liquid separation disk week, the liquid separation disk between the upper disintegrating mechanism and the roof of crush box, the liquid separation disk The fluid hole to radially distribute is offered on bottom wall;Outlet tube, the outlet tube are communicated at the liquid outlet of the water tank On be connected with elevator pump, the outlet tube is connected to the inner cavity of the sink and liquid separation disk respectively by two bypass lines, institute It states and is connected with electrically operated valve in bypass line.
7. useless power cable recycling process equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the vibrating screen both sides are equal Striker plate is extended to form vertically upwards, the striker plate is described to shake for useless power cable to be limited in the crush box Dynamic sieve both sides, which further extend outward, is formed with wing plate, and the first screw hole is offered on the wing plate, the second spiral shell is offered on the sliding block Hole, by being connected with the bolt of the first screw hole and the cooperation of the second screw hole between the wing plate and sliding block.
8. useless power cable recycling process equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that bed surface head of a bed part Front and rear sides be respectively connected with drawstring, the center line of the relatively described bed surface in tail portion of two drawstrings is distributed in mirror symmetry, two drawings The head of rope is connected with draw ring, and the steel wire rope is connect by draw ring and drawstring with the bed surface.
CN201810433469.2A 2018-05-08 2018-05-08 Process equipment is used in a kind of useless power cable recycling Active CN108538520B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111145966A (en) * 2020-02-11 2020-05-12 东阳罗素电子科技有限公司 A device for old and useless cable is retrieved

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CN102489368A (en) * 2011-12-14 2012-06-13 天津大学 Method and device for breaking waste fine electric wires
CN103178470A (en) * 2013-03-09 2013-06-26 曹磊 Discarded cable recycling system
CN104091657A (en) * 2014-06-26 2014-10-08 国家电网公司 Waste cable recovering device
CN107379332A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-11-24 荆门市格林美新材料有限公司 A kind of scrap electrical wires retracting device

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201256037Y (en) * 2008-08-29 2009-06-10 正昊重工科技(江门)有限公司 Electric cable cutting device
CN102489368A (en) * 2011-12-14 2012-06-13 天津大学 Method and device for breaking waste fine electric wires
CN103178470A (en) * 2013-03-09 2013-06-26 曹磊 Discarded cable recycling system
CN104091657A (en) * 2014-06-26 2014-10-08 国家电网公司 Waste cable recovering device
CN107379332A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-11-24 荆门市格林美新材料有限公司 A kind of scrap electrical wires retracting device

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111145966A (en) * 2020-02-11 2020-05-12 东阳罗素电子科技有限公司 A device for old and useless cable is retrieved
CN111145966B (en) * 2020-02-11 2021-05-25 大连理工常熟研究院有限公司 A device for old and useless cable is retrieved

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